Chapter 12 A NEW NATION _1836-1845_ by sofiaie

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									                                TEXAS!HOLT




    Chapter 12
    A NEW NATION
    (1836-1845)
    Section 1: The Early Republic
    Section 2: Houston’s First Term
    Section 3: Lamar’s Presidency
    Section 4: Houston’s Second Administration

1                                 HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 1:
The Early Republic
                                  TEXAS!HOLT




    OBJECTIVES
    Identify the terms of the Treaties of Velasco
     and describe how both sides responded.
    Explain why the election of 1836 was
     significant.



2                                   HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 1:
The Early Republic
                                            TEXAS!HOLT




    THE TREATIES OF VELASCO
    Public Terms
    1. The war between Mexico and Texas was officially ended,
         and Texas was declared independent.
    2.   Santa Anna would not take up arms against Texas.
    3.   All Mexican forces would withdraw beyond the Rio Grande.
    4.   Prisoners would be exchanged.
    5.   Mexico would return all captured property.
    6.   Texas leaders would promptly return Santa Anna to Mexico.


3                                             HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 1:
The Early Republic
                                TEXAS!HOLT




    THE TREATIES OF VELASCO
    Secret Terms
    1. Provided for Santa Anna’s immediate
       release
    2. Santa Anna would try to persuade Mexican
       leaders to recognize the independence of
       Texas.
    3. Santa Anna would push for the Rio Grande
       to be Mexico’s border with Texas.
4                                 HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 1:
The Early Republic
                                  TEXAS!HOLT




    RESPONSE TO THE TREATIES
    OF VELASCO
    Texans Respond:
    1. A small force stopped Santa Anna
    2. David G. Burnet imprisoned him
    Mexican Response:
    1. Leaders did not recognize treaties or Texas
       independence
5                                   HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 1:
The Early Republic
                               TEXAS!HOLT




    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE
    ELECTION OF 1836
    Elected government officials and Sam
     Houston became president
    Approved the Texas Constitution of 1836
    Voted to seek U.S. annexation of Texas



6                                HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 2:
Houston’s First Term
                                  TEXAS!
                                       HOLT




    OBJECTIVES
    Identify some actions of the first
     government of the Republic of Texas.
    Explain how President Houston’s
     administration tried to solve problems with
     the military and the economy.
    Summarize how President Houston worked
     to protect the rights of American Indians in
     Texas.
7                                  HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 2:
Houston’s First Term
                                TEXAS!
                                     HOLT




    FIRST ACTIONS OF THE NEW
    GOVERNMENT OF TEXAS
    President Houston appointed a cabinet –
     executive department heads to assist him.
    Formulated a court system
    Set the boundaries of the Republic
    Named Houston the new capital in late 1836


8                                HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 2:
Houston’s First Term
                               TEXAS!  HOLT




    PRESIDENT HOUSTON’S
    ATTEMPT TO SOLVE
    MILITARY PROBLEMS
    Removed Huston from command
    Put all but 600 troops on leave




9                                HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 2:
Houston’s First Term
                                 TEXAS!HOLT




     PRESIDENT HOUSTON’S
     ATTEMPT TO SOLVE
     ECONOMIC PROBLEMS
     Tried to raise revenue through taxes and
      loans
     Put public lands up for sale
     Began a government land policy to increase
      immigration to help the economy
10                                 HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 2:
Houston’s First Term
                                TEXAS!HOLT




     HOUSTON WORKS TO
     PROTECT TEXAS INDIANS
     Houston wanted to avoid a war with Texas
      Indians and sympathized with them
     Worked for a peaceful solution
     Promoted trade with the Indians



11                                HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 3:
Lamar’s Presidency
                                 TEXAS!HOLT




     OBJECTIVES
     Summarize the steps that the Lamar
      administration took to address the issue of
      public education.
     Identify the problems that Lamar’s
      administration faced.
     Analyze how changes in Texas policy led to
      wars with Texas Indians.
12                                 HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 3:
Lamar’s Presidency
                                  TEXAS!HOLT




     LAMAR AND EDUCATION
     Set aside land for public school by passing
      education acts in l839 and l840
     Set aside land for public universities




13                                  HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 3:
Lamar’s Presidency
                                  TEXAS!HOLT




     PROBLEMS OF LAMAR’S
     ADMINISTRATION
     Economic hard times
     Rising debt due to increased military
      spending & depreciating currency
     Conflicts with American Indians and
      settlers


14                                  HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 3:
Lamar’s Presidency
                                      TEXAS! HOLT




     WARS WITH THE INDIANS
      Lamar wanted American Indians removed from
       Texas
      In 1839 Lamar ordered the Cherokee to leave
       Texas and sent troops to remove them
      Battle of Neches took place in July 1839
      March 19, 1840, Council House Fight takes place
       between Comanche and Texans
      August 11, 1840, Battle of Plum Creek resulting in
       130 dead Comanche
15                                       HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 4:
Houston’s Second Administration
                                  TEXAS!
                                       HOLT




     OBJECTIVES
     Identify the policies that Sam Houston
      adopted during his second administration.
     Explain the cause of the Regulator-
      Moderator War.



16                                 HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 4:
Houston’s Second Administration
                                       TEXAS! HOLT




     POLICIES OF HOUSTON’S
     SECOND ADMINISTRATION
      Cut government spending in hopes of achieving a
       balanced budget
      Cut government jobs and salaries
      Reduced the size of the military and hoped to sell
       the navy
      Issued a new currency and limited its circulation
     balanced budget – a budget in which spending does
     not exceed revenue
17                                        HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON
SECTION 4:
Houston’s Second Administration
                                  TEXAS!
                                      HOLT




     CAUSES OF THE REGULATOR-
     MODERATOR WAR
     Weak law enforcement led to bandits and
      outlaws moving into Shelby County
     Feud between Alfred George and Joseph G.
      Goodbread over fake land certificates
     Disagreements developed between the
      Regulators and the Moderators
     Local officials could not stop the feud
18                                HOLT, RINEHART   AND   WINSTON

								
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