UNITED NATIONS - DOC 13

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					             UNITED NATIONS

PROJECT OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE SYRIAN ARAB REPJ]i
PROJECT DOCUMENT

Number SYR/94/004/,4/01/42 and SYR/93/G8I/A/5G/42

Title        Strengthening National Capacity for Environmental Affairs in-
Syria Duration : Three (3) years
ACC/UNDP Sector & Sub-sector: Environment (2000) Enhancement & Management
                              (2030)




Government Sector & Sub-sector: Environment
Government Implementing Agency: General Commission of Environmental Affairs
(Ministry of State for Env-'-onmental Affairs)
Executing Agency: World Bank Associate Agency: refer (para 1, p 13)
Estimated Starting Date: Sept. 1994
Government Inputs: Local currency (in kind)     6,529,500
  L.S.
  (in cash)     500,000 L.S. (including support cost)


Description: The project aims at building up the institutional and technical
capacities of the General Commission for Environmental Affairs to enable it
effectively fulfill its functions and responsibilities according to its
mandate. Additionally, the project will formulate a national strategy
"National Agenda 21" and an environmental action plan (EAP) to address the
country's pre-sing environmental issues as well as promote the integration of
environmental considerations in.    all   development  activities   and   the
preparation of a sustainable development strategy.

Approved on benall ot          z 5 i g n                      Name & Title
Dr. A. R. Subie

The Government                                   ; ft 68/1994            Minister of
Plannin
                                                 4'/                                   -9

                                          7t P.-.
Ram K. Chopra Director - CD II Middle East & North Africa Region
                                                            ci
The Executing Agency (IBRD)     ALA~~                 I/         /§î ~
                                                                    Kyaw Lwin Hla

                                                                    Resident
                                                                    Representative

UNDP                                            24/08/1994 On behalf of UNDP
The United Nations official exchange ra = L.S. 26.60

he date of signature of the project document $ 1.00
                                          2

 A. Context

 1.    Descrii)tion of the subsector

       Syria's rapid economic growth rate of approximately 7.5% and a
 population expansion rate of 3.6% on a base population of approximately 13
 million are placing increasing pressure on the country's resources. Many of
 the components of the country's biophysical base are rapidly deteriorating,
 and in some c?,ses disappearing 0




 as carrying capacity becomes out.stripped as a result of user del~-.nd and
 resource mismanagement.

       Dominating the country's economic developmbnt are the reso -ce
 extraction, industrial and agricultural sectors. All of these sector
 activities are effecting a large number of components of the environment
 including water, land resources and air. In turn, these effects have a
 bearing on the economic and social welfare of the general population.

      Since   participating  in   the   1972   Stockholm  UN   Conference  on
Environment's interest'in environmental management has been gradually
growing, However, this growing interest has been translated into action only
through weak institutional measures. The consequences on environmental
management are evident as there is no comprehensive and coherent framework to
guide the multitude of foreign and national (local) donor interventions.

      Since the appointment of a Minister of State for Environmental Affairs
in 1979, Syria continued to make much headway in developing the country's
environmental
                                                       CD




institutional capabilities culminating in the creation of the General
Commission for Environmental Affairs (GCEA) under the direction of the
Minister. But this basic regulatory framework for environmental protection
remains constrained by acute shortages in human physical and financial
resources.
      The country's major environmental problems are briefly described in the
following:

       Water Scarcity and Pollution:  Water is a scarce commodity in Syria.
                                      Demands -h and generally outstrip
 available on both ground and surface water resources are hig
 supply. Wise water use is a goal continually in pursuit by Government but
 increasing industrial, agricultural and domestic demands provide a major
 challenge. In addition to these high demands on a limited supply and an
 imbalanced distribution of the resource, the quality of both groundwater and
 surface supplies is in serious compromise. The lack of any form of domestic
 effluent treatment results in serious biological contamination of both
 ground and surface waters. Chemical runoff as a result of intensive
 agricultural acLiviLies (pesticides and nitrate leaching) contaminates both
 sources of water. 111CILIStrial effluent from major activities such as oil
 refining and fertilizer production and from a host of other smaller
 industries including tanneries and food processing results in a quality that
 is threatening to the health of downstream users and natural aquatic
 systems. Contaminated water results in gastrointestinal diseases from direct
 use of the water, or in the case of agriculture where such contaminated
 water is used for irrigation, indirect use from the consumption of
 contaminated produce.
       In urban areas, particularly Damascus, chemical effluent from
 tanneries and other industries rcsuLLs in serious heil'Lh threatening
 contamination of groundwater resources.

      Lack of regulatory measures exacerbates the problem of deter iorat        ii.:,r
                                                                                         w
ater quality.
        Land Degradation: In a country that is dominately arid and which
  lips only 26.2% of its total area classified as arable, it is important
  that the land's productive capacity be protected. However, as a result of a
  combination of a Ilumber of activities and natural processes, currently
  about 18% of the country's lC T , ' 1 1 mass is under some form of land degradation.
  The Syrian steppe, which occupies twu 14irds of the country's land mass, is
  experiencing   a   level   of           30%   degradation   or   susceptibility   to
  desertification. These levels of degradation are unacceptable.
sites,Through inappropriate agricultural practices, particularly on marginal
       and the removal of essential natural vegetative cover that provides
site protection, n
desertification is increasing appreciably. To the credit of the Government,
there is art active afforestation protection program that establishes an
average of 22,000
                                            C,



ha of new protection forest each year under the Green Plan. However, it is
thought that the survival rates of planLin,_1 programs may not be high.
Soil salinization as a result of poor irrigation management, particularly in
the Euphrates irrigation schemes, is another contributor to land degradation.
There is evidence that some 469,000 ha. of land is affected by poor drainage
and varying degrees of salinization are bein~~ experienced. Approximately
5,000 ha. of land is lost through this phenomenon annually. In addition,
waterlogging, also a result of inadequate drainage, adds to the annual loss
of productive land.
Other areas of the country are rendered unproductive through the
inappropriate management of gypsiferous soils and through the deposition of
large quantities of calcium sulphate, a by-product of the fertilizer
industry, on otherwise productive land. Further inappropriate agricultural
practices and deforestation, particularly in the coastal area, results in
large soil erosion losses as high as 200 tons annually.
The loss of agricultural land resources is particularly critical since
agriculture is the single largest employer in the country, is responsible for
the livelihoods of a significant proportion of the population, and is one of
the economy's major contributors to the earning of foreign exchange.
      Biodiversity Lo8ses: The importance of preserving the country's
biodiversity is recognized by Government and there are attempts to designate
a number of critical areas that are threatened by encroachment under the
Protected Areas Act. Such critical areas include forest     stands           of
Pistacia atlantica and Cedrus lebani. A number of animals and plants, whose
inventories have yet to be completed, are threatened. Approximately 250
endemic plants in Syria and as many other plants throughout Syria are
threatened. Syrian goat and Shami cow have partly disappeared and other
animals including Syrian donkey, Syrian bear and Syrian eagle have totally
disappeared as a result of hunting and loss of habitat.
      Natural areas are continually under threat as an expanding population
seeks out the resources of these areas for their livelihood, particularly new
areas to be brought under cultivation. Hunting pressures from foreigners
place certain animal species in a threatened category. Only effective
protection laws and enforcement of these regulations will ensure that these
areas are protected. A system of protected areas is needed along with
appropriate laws to provide various degrees of protection in accordance to a
particular protected area category. For instance, plants and animals that are
threatened or endangered would receive full protection within zones that
could be designated as National Reserves for full protection and where no
human activities would be allowed. Othur areas where soil and water
protection are critical to the welfare of the region or the country could
receive a different designation that would allow some human activity such as
extensive recreation and certain types of agriculture.
Air Pollution: Automobile exhaust is emerging as a major source of air
pollution in Syria's larger cities, including Damascus. A number of studies
on the effects of such emissions, revealed that they were one of the leading
causes of respiratory, ailments and blood poisoning, the latter is also the
result of the use of leaded gasoline. With Syria's gradual liberalization and
rapid economic development, automobiles will become more affordable to the
general population and their number will, significantly increase. Whiie
emission control standards have been enacted and annual emission inspections
are mandatory, monitoring and enforcement are not performed on an ongoing
basis.
       Industrial activities including, oil refining, thermal power
generation, cement manufacturing and a number of smaller industries results
in contaminated air in the regions within which these activities are located.
The heavy industry of Homs and the poor site selection for these industries
have an adverse effect on the general health of the city's population. In the
case of the cement industry, heavy concentrations of particulate matter have
an adverse effect on agricultural productivity in the fallout areas. Syria's
sources of ozone depleting emissions have not been clearly identified and
basic monitoring stations and equipment arellacking
     The problem of degraded air quality will only worsen as the        economy
                                                                     continues
its rapid expansion, characterized by       additional industrial
development, an increasing vehicle          population, and the construction
and operation of additional thermal generation stations that will be required
to meet the current shortfall and the future expanding requirements for
electrical power. The problems will continue to grow as long as there is an
absence of standards, regulations and effective enforcement.

      Both air and water contamination contribute significantly to health
problems which translate into personal discomfort,    economic costs to the
state, loss of work and household economy      and general depreciation of the
nation's productivity. Although there are no figures to indicate the number
of cases of gastrointestinal or respiratory ailments attributed by water and
air pollution, the total percentage of all hospital admissions    for these
two ailments is in the order of 30% and it is thought that at least a
significant proportion of these admissions are as a result of contaminated
water and air.
       Waste Management: All of the major urban centres of Syria are
 experiencing domestic and industrial waste management chailenges. The
 problems associated with waste disposal, include loss of land, contamination
 of groundwater supply, and
generally, threats to     human health. These problems will only increase as
urban centres expand. The city of Damascus currently produces in the order of
900 - 1000 tons of refuse daily and annually uses a significant area of land
for landfill, some
 of which is productive      agiicultural land. Organic waste is composted but
                                                                            the

 absence   of   sewage   treatment   leads   to   contaminated     sources.
                                                                 groundwater
                                                                         Re
 using, recycling, collection and sorting, and disposal methods all require
 improvement if current and potential environmental problems are to be
 avoided.
       Two orders control the use of certain hazardous materials. One order
 prohibits the importation of asbestos and another order prevents the use of
 recycled plastics in the food industry. The Mediterranean Environmental
 Technical Assistance Progrum
 (METAP) is preparing a protocol to prevent the transboundary transfer of
 hazardous wastes.

       A number of agricultural chemicals that have been banned in other
 countries are finding their way into Syria but there is yet no legal
 instrument to prevent the importation of these substances.


        Bislorical Sites: Syria is steeped in history and throughout the
  country the remains of many historical structures that date back 1500 years
  and more can be found. Damascus itself is known to be the world's oldest
  (approximately 2000 years)
  continuously inhabited city and displays many fine examples of early
  regional architecture and structures of historical significance. However,
  air pollution is taking its toll on many of the historical structures
  within the city and rapid urban development that tends to ignore many
  historical structures in the name of progress pays little attention to
  their cultural importance. The abrasive properties of wind driven sands, as
  part of the desertification process, erode historical structures in the
  rural areas.
      Other: There are a numb(:-r of other C'JJI,'.LronMCntal problems, most
of,which fall within the above six major areas of concern. The results of
heavy pollution in the Mediterranean Sea are continually evident on   Syria's
shoreline, which, as a result
of the sea's current, collects the debris from a host of Mediterranean
countries. The waters in the eastern end of the Mediterranean have a high
concentration of chemical contamination from a wide variety of off luent
sources around the Mediterranean. Syria is not innocent in this regard as it
contributes its share of domestic and industrial effluent to the sea. As
well, large quantities of soil as a result of serious soil erosion find their
way to the sea.
      All countries of the globe experience the above problems to one degree
or another. The pursuit of unlimited economic development, the lack of
environmental awareness and the lack of understanding of the carrying
capacity that natural systems
have to support a variety of economic activities lead to environment
problems. Without commitment to the protection of the environment and with
the lack of effective legislative, other regulatory and     enforcement
mechanisms to ensure that the environment is protected and is used only on a
sustainable basis, environmental problems will continue to grow.
 2.   Host Country Strategy
Syria is committed to the protection of its environment.        A Minister of
State for Environmental Af fairs was appointed in               1979.   An
environmental committee formed during the preparation of the Sixth
Development Plan for purposes of examining major environmental issues lead to
the enactment of environmental legislation which resulted in the adoption of
the Presidential Decree of 1991 that established the General Commission for
Environmental Affairs (GCEA), the Supreme Council for Environmental Safety,
and the preparation of a Draft                                  Environmental
Protection Act.

The GCEA, under the direction of   the Environment Minister, is a Ministry
that has the direction             and authority to transcend across all of
the operating ministries in order to fulfil its mandate. The Minister has the
power to prepare laws, orders and regulations relevant to addressing the
country's environmental problems and this is achieved through the Supreme
Council for Environmental Safety which is comprised of 12 ministers and
headed by the Prime Minister.

      National policy, as stated in the Seventh Development Plan (1991-95)
but which has not yet been released, states that environmental deterioration
caused through industrial development will be prevented. There will have to
be additional and substantive reference and commitment given in future
National Development Plans if environmental planning is to be effective.
Preferably, future National Development Plans will have to embrace the
substance of a National environmental strategy and action plan (to be
prepared through this Project) if the     country's commitment to the
environment is to be honored.


      The country has some environmental legislation and environmental policy
which rely on traditional legal concepts such as private and public nuisance,
liability or criminal law. However, these concepts have to be adapted to
modern requirements, and many new legal instruments are required in      order
to deal with the 0
many specific and often highly technical issues of environmental protection
sustainable use of resources. 1, orand          example,        the licensing      and   monito
be 0
                                         I




predictable and operations safe.
      Currently several new instruments are already in the process of being
prepared and these include the preparation of concepts for draft legislation
on air pollution control, forestry and   protected   areas,  and   on   soil
protection and conservation.
         In addition to the creation of the GCEA and the current
                                                                     developme
nt of comprehensive environmental legislation, other ministries within the
Government are undertaking individual                                efforts
in environmental management, with the overall objective              of
achieving sustainable development. The Ministry of
                                                                     Agricultu
re, along with the Ministry of Irri,,,,ration, is responsible for a number of
natural resource management programs. The Government is continually
rehabilitating salinized and waterlogged areas, carrying out af forestatio-n-
on--marginaL-lands- at--the--rate of approximately 22,000 ha. annually,
investigating the cause and effect of soil erosion, and examining soil managi-
ement soiutions to address the problems. The Ministry of Irrigation is
examining ways in which to utilize the country)s scarce water resources in an
efficient manner.
 11


          Prior and Ong
                      ,oing Assistance
       There has been and still a multitudc of interventions, all aimed at
 assisting the Government in one way or the other better manage the
 environment. However, as earlier mentioned, this assistance is very much
 varied and incoherent.
            In the Fifth Country Programme (1992-96), UNDP Damascus made a
      significant effort to broaden its approach in dealing. with environmental
      concerns. The country programme identified the environment as one of its
      three areas of concentration. Under this area of concentration, the
      Programme has 3 projects with a primary focus on environmental protection,
      with a total IPF and complementary financing of over US$ 2 million. In
      1993, Syria's first GEF project as well as a project under the Montreal
      Protocol were approved. Syria's Country Programme for the Phase-out of
      Ozone Depleting Substances was formulated and submitted for approval and
      allocation of financing in 1993 which would increase the expectation for
      additional Montreal Protocol- financed projects to be implemented over the
      next few years. UNDP Damascus has also completed a pre-feasibility sLudy
      for the Sustainable Development Network (SDN). FAO has provided technical
      assistance in support of the national afforestation programme.
      Bilateral donors are very interested in environmental issues. In
particular, the EEC has provided financing for the construction of sewage
treatment facilities in cities of Tartous and Lattakia. The EEC, through the
METAP programme, provided US$ 300,000 to the World Bank for the establishment
of and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Unit within the GCEA.
      As part of the formulation of this project, UNDP financed a mission by
the Project Coordinator of the IUCN , Environmental Law Centre who rendered
advisory services to the Syrian working group in environmental legislation
who was preparing a draft Environmental Law Protection Act. This assistance
encompassed the provision of legal information and comparative law
experience.

       Projects that are ongoing or tinder consideration which should
contribute to project work include:
         METAP project aimed at establishment of Environmental Input Assessment
         Unit in the GCEA.

         Support to Strengthening the GCEA to implement Montreal Protocol related
         Activities.

            SYR/92/G41 - Electricity Demand Side Management and Capacity
                                      Building.
         SYR/92/004 - Treatment of Tannery Wastes in Zablatani, Damascus.
World Bank is considering a second METAP project to reinforce the
implementation of the project in question.
4.    Institutional framework

(37overnment Institutions and Policies

      Syria's institutional structure for environmental protection follows a
threetier approach:
   . )      At the national level, there are the GCEA and the Supreme Council for

k vironmental Safety.   The  GCEA   has   been  established   to deal   with
  environmental oblems and to assist in achieving stistain,,ible development
  in Syria. The Commission - the mandate to do the following:
                  define environmental problcms and to prepare
                                   solutions;
               to prepare draft plans and legislation for the protection of the
               environment;
               to raise public awareness, evaluate the risks of exploiting natu5
                                                                            ral
         resources and establish standards for the protection of the environment;
               to monitor environmental problems of soil, water and air as well
               as dangerous industrial establishments which may affect the
               safety of the national environment;
               to study international agreements on environmental affairs and
               provide recommendations to the Government.
      The CCEA currently has a structure of i,.,orking groups, each under the
leadership of a specialist who reports directly to the Minister. The
structure is loose and flexible, recognizing that the Ministry is relatively
new. Until an overall plan of action for addressing environmental issLies in a
comprehensive manner is available, this structure will remain. The view of the
Ministry is that there is little point in developing a rigid structure of the
institLition before knowing entirely the nature of the problems which have to
be addressed and the emphasis in terms of priority and manpower -that will
have to be placed on the various areas of concentration.
      The GCEA addresses its mandate through a number of cross sectoral
committees, each of which has been formulated to address a particular group
of environmental issues or activities that         relate   directly   to   the
implementation of the mandate.                                                    Each commit
responsibilities in the areas being addressed.
      The major institutions that work closely with the GCEA and which are
active members of the four committees include the Ministries of State
Planning Commission, Agriculture, Housing, Irrigation, Health, Industry; the
Universities of Damascus, Tichreen, Aleppo and Al-Baath; the Scientific
Studies and Research Centre; Civil Society and the Marine Centre in Latakia.
b)    At the regional level, the GCEA is in the process of establishing three
out of seven directorates of the environment to provide environmental
services to the governorates existing in the seven water basins of Syria; and
c )   At the local level each governorate has set up       its local
      environmental committee to coordinate and follow-up on environmental
activities in the governoratr~s. A full-time member of this committee is
assigned to provide guidance on the issuance of administrative permits. In
addition, each heavy industrial establishir nt has appointed a staff member
responsible for following-up on the environmental activities in its plant.
Secto- ministries such as Lhe Ministries of Industry, Petroleum and Mineral
Resources, Tlectricity, Transportation, Communications and Housing, also have
responsibil ~y for environmental protection within their areas of
jurisdiction. Although m, .. t Ministries have departments or of f ices at
each level of government responsible ':' )r monitoring activities in state
enterprises within their sector, they are generally under funded and outside
the mainstream of ministerial decision making. Each state enterprise also has
one or more persons responsible for environmental compliance, although
enterprise managers and staff often have an inadequate knowledge of the
environmental regulations governing their operations.
A number of institutions share responsibility for natural resource management
in Syria, although their primarY mandates are resource development rather
than conservation. These include the Ministries of Aariculture and Agrarian
Reform, Irrigation, Oceano.graphic and Metreolo,vical These institutions have
generally established small deparLmenLs or divisions of environmental
protection, although their areas of responsibility are sometimes narrow and
overshadowed by primary organizational mandates.
Coordination among Syria's natural resource ministries, with GCEA, and even
within each ministry itself, is often characterized by lack of cooperation,
duplication of efforts and inadequate sharing of information.
In order to coordinate the environmental work of its various ministries,
other organizations, the government established the Supreme Council for
Environmental Safety (SCES). The SCES meets only as needed, usually not more
than two or three times a year, in order to develop policies and plans,
coordinate environmental protection and natural resource management, and
resolve major policy issues. The Chairman of the SCES is the Prime Minister.
The SCES has ministerial level membership of 13 ministries. The SCES and the
GCEA provide a necessary policy. structure which, if well coordinated and
or~~anized, could lead to the integration of environmental considerations in
the decision making process.
ORGANIZATIONS OF THE CIVIL SOCIETY

     Organizations of Civil Society in Syria mainly consist of professional,
academic and scientific organizations as well as the Chambers of Commerce and
Industry and community groups. Dozens of such organizations exist in the
environmental and sustainable development field. On the environmental side,
they include such groups as the parliamentary Committee on population and
Environment.
     In the field of natural resource management, the list of NGOs includes
the Syrian Botanical Association and the Syrian Geographical Society, which
carry out, academic and educational programmes; the Marine Research Center
attached to Tishreen University in Lattakia; and the General Union of
Peasants.
                                       i

                                        0

      These organizations appear to be primarily involved in promoting
 academic, scientific and technological exchanges and increasing public
 awareness of sustainable development issues. Upon request of the government,
 these NGOs occasionally
 implement proposed projects, but they generally do not seek to influence
 environmental policy or participate in decision making. They are for the
 most part dependent on governmental organizations for funding, office space
 and legitimacy. This situation may change as Syria's economic reform
 policies ultimately force many NGOs to become financially self-sustaining.
      In preparing its iational report to the UNCED, Syria has included a
number of official governmentai non-governmental organizations (such as the
Syrian Chemical Society and the Docktn~ ; Association) and mass movements
representing different sections of society, iiicluding the General Women
Union , the Federation of Trade Unions, the Revolution Youth Union and the
Baath Pioneers Organization. Other participating groups include the Syndicate
of Engineers, Syndicate of Agricultural Engineers and other relevant
professional bodies; the Syrian Journalists Association and the Syrian News
Agency.
     Although no international NGOs exist in the country, Syria has promoted
some exchanges with the International Union for the Conservation of Nature
(IUCN) which will participate in this project as implementing agency; and the
Organization of Arabic Cities.

B.   PROJECT JUSTIFICATION
     Problem to be addressed: The. present Situation:
      The GCEA has only recently (1991) been established and have not yet had
its full complement of resources, including legal frame, trained staff,
equipment, office space and operating funds to meet its mandate. Nor does the
GCEA have an
                                       1.       - the country's environmental
issues. organizational structure to address cffccti%,cl.N
      Apart professional and 16 support staff. Professional staff
includes 20 from four group lcadcr~~, the remainder of the forty staff years
engineers and chemists with an0 average professional experience of'are3-7
since university graduations.
      During (1994) the number of staff will be raised to (108). This
complement will be mainly university graduate-s in different fields related
to the environment. They will be especially appointed in GCEA, in comparison
with those present now who were transferred from other ministries and
institutions.
      While a basic institutional framework for environmental protection is
established, Syria faces the more difficult task of operationalizing it as
well as the task of putting in place an environmental policy and strategy.
      UNCED  has   called   on  all  countries   to  integrate    environmental
considerations into all development planning activities and to prepare
sustainable development strategies. Syria has responded by committing itself
to preparing for the first time • National Strategy and Policy for
Environmental Safety as "Syria's Agenda 21" and, • concomitant comprehensive
Environmental Action Plan (EAP) for its implementation. Yet Syria is
confronted by serious problems affecting its ability not only to prepare but
to implement an effective environmental strategy and ~olicy.
      The first problem concerns a lack of capacity and expertise in critical
fields of environmental management and planning. Thus a second problem arises
in the actual formulation of the national. str~tegy and action plan
themselves with respect to the need to    develop     a      comprehe   IIS4 le
      and   fully integrated plan. Such a plan        must          necessarily
recognize the inter, ependence and linkages among a variety of sectors but
this is complicated by institutional compartmentalization.
      Finally, Syria requires              e.-ternal assistance to develop a realistic
for implementing the natiGnal Er                                             framework
                                   ironmental Strategy and Policy "its national Agenda
21". Such a framework would inc     ide a programmatic approach to the mobilization of
external assistance and the e,'        ooration of projects designed to strengthen the
capability of Syria to take conc   ~-, f e steps to ensure the realization of
its ambitious goals set forth in   its strategy.
2)    Expected End of Project Situation
As a result of the project, a National Strategy and Policy "Syria's Agenda
21" as well as an Environmental Action Plan (EAP) will have been prepared.
This will have enhanced the capabilities of GCEA to carry out its mandate
effectively and ensure its proper structuring and organization. In addition
to GCEA, a large number of Syrian organizations (including not only
Government ministries and agencies but also broad-based mass organizations)
will have cooperated to produce an integrated strategy "national Agenda 21"
and environmental action plan, providing a comprehensive framework for
Syria's transition to sustainable development.
Equally important, the project will have better informed and equipped the
staff of GCEA and other ministries to fully participate in the strategy and
action plan formulation process and eventually its execution. This would
further enhance their capacity -to formulate a compreheiisive sustainable
development strategy as well as integrate environment and development issues.
By project's end, a core group of environment planners will be in place with
the capacity to plan integrated projects and manage sustainable develoPment;
necessary organizational arrangements will also be in place.
Finally, Syria will have an enhanced capacity to mobilize external,resources
and be better able to bring to bear foreign technical assistance on the
problems. confronting it as it attempts to harmonize environmental concerns
with rapid economic development. At the end of the project, the Action Plan
for implementing the strategy (the "Action Plan") will have been produced
that expands the scope of sustainable development planning in Syria. This
Action Plan will establish the priorities in light of the strategy and
identify and formulate high priority projects requiring external assistance,
both technical assistance and capital investment projects.
3)    Target Beneficiaries
      The direct recipients who are expected to benefit from the project
outputs, activities and inputs include the GCEA and its staff which will have
strengthened structures and upgraded skills; as well as the officials and
experts from the, 0
various central ministries, local institutions, non-governmental and mass
organizations who will benefit from project training and. t,heir participation
in the preparation of Agenda 21 and EAP.
      The target beneficiaries include: the governmental, non-governmental
and mass organizations who will benefit f rom the capacity building
recommendations made by the Strategy and Action Plan.

4) Project Strategy and Implementation Arranaements
      The strategy of the project is two-pro ged: it first provides capacity
building through advice and training as well as supi,-)rts the development of
an Environmental Strategy and Action Plan, including a reso~i! ce
mobilization plan to seek funding for a prr.4, ' i-.tic fashion as a result of
high-priorityUnit-and to the specialists from otherpr,,-ect to GCEA, the
                       developed
Agenda 21. Theprojectsand training in (governmental and non-lovernmental )
coordinationandadvice levelof Syriaprovided by the participating Ministries
and central     local
will increase the capacity Agenciesto n
develop a long-term strategy and implemcnt it effectively. The Environmental
Action Plan for implementing the strategy "S~,ria's Agenda 21", should set the
stage for long-term, sustainable growth which w1il redound to the direct
benefit of tile population of Syria.
      As a result of the recent multi-disciplinary pre implementation mission
from the World bank (proposed executing agency) during June 1994, the GCEA
and UNDP concluded that the best approach to carry out the national
environment strategy and action plan
will be to develop basin environmental action plans (BEAP) in an integrated
and participatory approach.
     The three parties agreed that in order to ensure the government ownership
and maximize public participation, the BEAP should be prepared by Syrian
experts preferentially from the governorates and universities belonging to
the appropriate
basin and in full cooperation with a task force from the governorates. The
local experts could be complemented with other national experts drawn from
the already established cross-sectoral committees and supplemented with
international experts for those environmental disciplines which are lacking
in Syria such as environmental economists, planners, etc. Part of the
responsibility of the international consultants will be to transfer their
knowledge tn their Syrian counterparts during the course of their assignment.
     The following implementation arrangements have also been agreed by the
Government, UNDP and the World Bank:
    a) A Coordination Unit (CU) will be established in Damascus. It will be
    dedicated principally to this project and would include the WB/METAP
    projects which are complementary to this project.
    b) A Coordinator for the CU, Engineer Yahia Awaidah from the GCEA, will
    maintain overall administrative responsibility for the UNDP/C21 and METAP
    projects. He will be the main interface between each of these projects
    and the GCEA. He will follow-up on their implementation and will serve as
    the main liaison between UNDP, the World Bank AND GCEA.
     c) A National Project Director (NPD) will be responsible for the day-to-
     day management of the UNDP/C21 Project. His duties- and responsibilities
     are described in Annex V to this project document. The Minister of
     Environment,
UNDP Damascus and the World Bank m~ssion have interviewed Dr. S. Kharfan,
professor of chemical engineeringy at Homs University for this position. '
d) A Project Steering Committee (PSC) whc e composition and terms of reference
(TOR) were discussed and agroed by t' ~~ parties during the World Bank Mission in
June 1994, will be
formed upon the signature of the project document. Its (TOR) have been
incorporated into this document as Annex VI. '.'he PSC's main function is the
periodical review and guidnnce of the project' progress.
         With respect to the designation of' execiiting' . ~ncy, full consideration was   -

! , ,A. However, UNDP Damascus given to the possibility of national execution by , .
discussed this option at length witli State Planning Commission (SPC) and GCEA
and has decided against that citie to GCE.Vs lack of' the technical and
administrative capacities - necessary pre-reqiiisites for national execution.
          At present, the GCEA is under -staffed.     It   has    24   environmental
     specialists mostly engineers. An additional 65 positions were authorized to staff
     the environment directorates of the seven basins and complement the existing
     personnel of GCEA.                               According, the World Bank was
     preferred over OPS which executed the PA Phase, in view of the Bank's technical
     competence and strong interest in environmental issues and leadership role in
     the administration of GEF and METAP. The choice of the Bank will also enhance
     chances for international financing of high priority projects to be identified
     within the Action Plan. The World Bank is also executing two European Union -
     funded projects that are aimed at the estab lishment of EIA units at GCEA and
     the governorate and local levels. These projects will reinforce the capacity
     building objectives and activities of this UNDP/C21 project.
     The World Bank will associate the following united nations specialized
agencies and IUCN in project implementation:
TASK                                   AGENCY
Legal Assessment                       IUCN

Health Assessment                      WHO

Industrial Audits                      UNIDO

Water Strategy                         FAO
5)      Reasons for assistance from UNDP
       UNDP has been recognized for its unique expertise and experience in the
area of capacity building for sustainable development. Of special relevance is the
Global Agenda 21 itself, which identifies UNDP as having a major role in its
implementation, particularly with respect to capacity building. In particular,
Agenda 21 calls on UNDP to assist recipient countries in the establishment and
strengthening of national coordination mechanisms and networks related to
activities in follow-up to UNCED; to act as lead agency in organizing UN system
efforts towards capacity building for sustainable develop ment at the local, national
and regional levels; and to mobilize donor resources on behalf of Governments
for capacity building in recipient countries.
       Discussions concerning Agenda 21 and its implementation were held with
the State Planning Commission and the GCEA since August 1992; they expressed
strong interest in securing UNDP assistance both to support the for,,ulation
of National Strategy and Action Plan as well as for the more long-te ~n
capacity building activities in Syria related to sustainable development.
       Environment is among the six areas, selected by the UNDP Governing Ccuncil,
                                                                          for      0
concentration of UNDP support as per its resolution 90/34 of 2' June 1990. At
the  same   time  environment   constitutes  one   of  the   three  areas  of
conc(:itration of the UNDP Fifth Country Programme for Syria.
6)    Special Considerations

      Environmentally sustainable dcvelopment is on(-, of the main concerns of
Syria's National Strategy. The strategy will explicitly address means to
consider and promote the role and participation of women in sustainable
development, as well as that of the private sector and the mass movement in
Syria (including youth, pioneers and labour). The strategy as well as the
related Action Plan may provide the basis for multilateral or bilateral
cooperation within the TCDC framework.
7)    Coordination arrangements
       The following coordination structures are provided for in the project
                                     document:
      Project Steering Committee
      (PSC); Cross-sectoral
      Committees; and Coordination
      Unit (at GCEA)
The composition, roles and activities of these various coordination
structures are outlined in detail in the projcct document. However, the
Coordination Unit (attached to the GCEA) shall have to play a central role in
ensuring proper coordination especially at Government level cis regards project
implementation, articulating efficiently the different inputs.
UNDP Damascus is generally cognizant of all external assistance in the field
of environment and, this can assist in the coordination of such assistance.
8)     Counterpart support capacity
The GCEA has a staff of 40 with an approved expansion plan of 108. The verbal
commitment has been made that all of the counterpart support staff required
for the Project will be made available. More important is the fact that many
of the officers in the GCEA who have been interviewed during, Project
Formulation have indicated their eagerness to be involved in the Project.
The GCEA has indicated that new and adequate office facilities will be
available in time for Project initiation.
      The commitment and implementation of the Project by UNDP will be
conditional, on the commitment and provision of adequate counterpart
provision, office accommodation and adequate local funding.  II

C.    DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE

      The development objective is  to assist Syria in   the task of iT
tegrating environment and development and in the transition to a more
sustainable d velopment path. This development objoctive has hecn adopted as
a top priority of -Lhe Syrian Government in its recent statement of UNCED
follow-up policies and measures.
D.     IMMEDIATE OBJECTIVES, OUTPUTS AND ACTIVITIES

Immediate Objective 1

      To upgrade the manager i al/organ i zat i onal and staff capacities of
the U,,_EA, the regional environmental directorates (at level of 7 water
basins) and the local environment committees so that, by the end of the
project, clear definition of roles and responsibilities for the three levels
is determined and each will become capable of planning and implementing its
established programme of activities and producing its targeted outputs.

output 1'. 1

      An organization structure best suited to the needs of the three
institutional levels is developed and introduced:

Activities for Output 1.1                        Responsible Party

1.1.1 Review and assess appropriateness of        International O&M legal and
organizational status of                          and Le,~ral 0
      the three institutional levels             Consultants


1.1.2 Review and assess existing organizaLional International O&M structure
      of the three levels                       Consultant

 1.1.3 Design appropriate organization chart            - do - for each of the
       three levels

1.1.4 Revised organization charts approved               GCEA and implemented

Output 1.2


      New or revised managrement objectives and functions Activities for

Output 1.2                                        Responsible Party

1.2.1 Analysis of existing management             International O&M

      functions                                   Consultant
1.2.2 Development and introduction of improved International O&M management
      objectives and functions Consultant & GCEA encompassing:
            Policy making;

             administrative and financial
             management; programme management;
             evaluation and forward planning;

             coordination of relations with governing authorities other
             organizations, etc; and
             development support communication, etc.
Output 1.3
      Detailed job descriptions of existing and additionally required jobs
for GCEA and the two other institutional levels.

Activities for Output. 1.3                       Responsible Party
1.3.1 Preparation of detailed job dcscripLions International

      of all existing and additionally required Personnel
      Managprofessional and support Jobs in the ement
      consultant three levels
1.3.2 Adoption of new and revised job                GCEA descriptions
Output 1.4

      Strengthened environmental law capacity in OCEA


Activities for Output 1.4                          Responsible Party

1.4.1 Establishment of                                       GCEA environmental law
      section and basic
      environmental law library in GCEA
1.4.2 On-the-job and out of country training       International leml

      of this section                              Consultant

1.4.3 Review and assess existing environmental International Legal
      legislation                               Consultant & GCEA
      Counterparts
1.4.4 Assess existing monitoring and enforcement         - do - mechanisms at
      the three levels

1.4.5 Development of strategy for environmental          - do - law reform
      identifying revision of existing
      law and enactment of new legal instruments
1.4.6 Preparation of report containing concepts        - do - and/or new
      drafts for law amendments and
      new legal instruments
1.4.7 Organization of national environmental    International
legal law workshop to discuss report in 1-4-6   Consultant and
GCEA above

1.4.8 Adoption of revised environmental
                                                         G
      CEA legislation
Outr.)ut 1. 5

      Strengthened capacity for Syrian environmental personnel at the three
institutional levels and other collaborating Ministries and Organizations.

Activities for Output 1.5                          Responsible Party
1.5.1 Assessment of GCEA human resources needs International
      of the three institutional levels by      Personnel
      Managcategory (management cadres, professional ement
      Environment staff for programme activities; sub-
                                                and Training
      professional staff, e.-,. technicians,    Consultants
      Laboratory assistants, service personnel,
      etc.)
1.5.2 Development of master training plan           International
      adequate to meet the needs of staff        Training
      Consultant expansion and upgrading at the three
      institutional levels.
1.5.3 Preparation of phased implement-ation      International

    scheme for master training plan              Training
                                                 Consultant and
                                                 GCEA
1.5.4 In-country training environmental          International planning to
staff at the three                               Environmental institutional
leves of GCEA, regional Planning Consultant and local and other collaborating
      governmental and non-
      governmental institutions
1.5.5 Training to be provided by team of            International

      international consultants, including          Consultants
      and extensive consultations in their
                                                    Coordinatio
      n Unit areas of expertise and participatory
      seminars

1.5.6 Series of seminars and workshops           Coordination Unit

      conducted by national consultants          and National

      to provide staff at the three
                                                 Consu
      ltants institutional levels and other
      collaborating governmental and
      nongovernmental institutions with
      basic understanding in various
      aspects of the
       biophysical and social environment

       (e.g. plantecology, soils and soil
       erosion, forest mana,~emcnt,
       historical
                  n

       archaeological sites)
 1.5.7 international and advanced training          International GIS

        in GIS                                       Consultant

 Output 1. 6
       Strengthened capacity and upgraded facilities and equipm,.. for the   0

Coordination Unit to ensure maximum participation by stakeholders in 1. e
National Strategy "Agenda 21" and Environmental Action Plan formulation
process.
Activities for Outpu 1.6                            Responsible Party
1.6.1. Recruitment of adequate st-if't' to 'Ll)(, Unit CCEA
1.6.2 Review of equipment and faciliLy neuds of            CTA the Unit

1.6.3 Procurement and installation of equipment World
      Bank, and facilities                       UNDP
      Damascus and GCEA

Immediate Objective 2
      To develop the National Policy and Strategy to serve as Syria's Agenda
21   and  a   comprehensive   blueprint  for  sustainable   development  and
environmental protection in Syria.
Output 2.1
      Completed preparatory work for the formulation of the National Policy
and Strategy.
Activities for Output 2.1                           Responsible Party

.2.1.1   Constituting a multidisciplinary team made World Bank and

         up of members from the different cross-
                                                        Coordinatio
         n Unit sectoral committees and reinforced by
         national and international consultants.

2.1.2 Organizing grassroots participation in the Coordination Unit process of
      Agenda 21 preparation through               and organizations
      participatory discussions and               of civil society
      sensitisation/feedback on key environment\
      concerns and solutions.

2.1.3 Establish initial work plan                   CTA and Coordin~tion Unit
2.1.4 Preparation of a series of reviews and        International and

         recommendations on key technical and       National

         sectoral areas of the draft National
                                                    Consultan
         ts Policy and Strategy "Syria's Agenda 21'',
         such as legislation on sustainable
         development, comprehensive planning and
         management of water and natural
         resources, energy planning, marine
         resources, disposal and treatment of
         toxic and hazardous solid and radioactive
         waste (determination of' these areas will
         be made later). Topics will also include
         cross-sectoral intearation and linkages,
         priorities and strategies.
  1. 5 Synthesis of assessments and recommendatiocs CTA        and

         of multidisciplinary team (international and
         Coordination national) in various sectoral/technical
                                                        Unit
         areas into a concise report, for
         submission to the Syrian Government,
        UNDP and World Bank at the end of team's
        work on the National Policy and Strategy
        "Syria's Agenda 21" (Draft Report).

2.1.6 Organization of national seminar to discuss          - do - and provide
      recommendations on final National
      Policy and Strategy "Syria's A~,enda 21"
      Report both on specific technical topics as
      well as overall integration, linkages and
      stratedy including:

    -      Preparation of detailed agenda for
            the seminar;
    -      Preparation of necessary transIaLion(s)

           of draft final Policy and Strategy
           Report to seminar participants as far
           advance as possible;
    -      Conduct of seminar

    -      Preparation of a concise report
           summarizing the recommendations of the
           seminar.


Output 2.2

        Syria's National Policy and Strategy "National Agenda 21" adopted and
                                      published
Activities for Output 2.2                            Responsible Part

2.2.1 Processing of official clearance and           Coordination Unit
endorsement of National Policy and                   and GCEA Strategy "Syria's
Agenda 21" by
      Government, Supreme Council
      for Environment Safety,
      etc.
                                      - 20
                                        -

2.2.2 Publication and dissemination of Elyria's  Coordination
      Unit National Policy and Stratu--y "Syri:i's A;~enda 21".
Immediate 01)_iective 3

      To develop an Environmental Action Plan (EAP), as a key instrument for
the promotion of sustainable development, consisting of two elements: (i)
long term objectives and priorities and (ii) formulation of specific project
proposals, corresponding to immediate pressing environmental problems.
Output 3. 1
      Long term objectives and priorities, including environmental technical
assistance and capacity building.
Activities for Output 3.1                         Responsible Party
3.1.1 Identification of Iona term objectives and International and C,
        priorities, including environmental
                                                    Nationa
        l technical assistance and capacity building,
        Consultants based on outputs 2.1 and 2.2.
3.1.2 Circulation of draft for comments bv                     Coordination Unit
      Government and non-!~overnmenl , dc-cision
      maker in consultation with other
      stakeholders in the Policy and
      Strategy Process.
3.1.3 Preparation of final objectives and                             CTA priorities for
      inclusion in the Environmental
      Action Plan (EAP)
Output 3. 2

           Priority project briefs.


Activities for Output 3.2                                     Responsible Party

3.2.1 Identification of high prioriLy projects                  CTA and GCEA in accord
       with output 3.1.
3.2.2 Ranking of high priority projects based                 World Bank in

        on the long term objectives and the
                                                    consultatio
        n with strategy for environmental technical GCEA and
        SPC assistance and capacity building, and
                                          g
        y taking National Policy and
        Strate,,,>

        "Syria's Agenda 21" into account.
3.2.3 Preparation of project briefs                           International and National
                                                              Consultants
Output 3.3

                                              Strategy for resource mobilizations campaign.
Activity for Output 3.3.
3.3.1 Compilation of compendium of prior and on-going donor-supported
      activities in the environmental area.

3.3.2 Consultation with donors concerning their priorities and potentials for
      coordination
3.3.3 Matching priority needs of Syria wii.)i areas of potential donors'
      interest.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . r.   INPUTS

A. Government:

      I.      The Government will provide the following inputs in-kind to the
                                      project:
      a.      Professional Personnel

              National Project Director (NPD)/Coordinator      m/m 36 of
              Coordination Unit
              3 environmental specialists to assist in preparation of
              strategy and action plan (36 m/m each)      m/m 108 3
              environmental specialists to assist on
              on-the-job training environmental

              planning exercise (8 m/m each)                  m/m 24

              one environmental lawyer                        (full time) 3
              GIS specialists as counterparts to
              international GIS consultant (2 m/m each)       m/m      6

     b.      Administrative Personnel

             One Administrative Assistant                     m/m 36

             Two Secretaries                                  m/m 72

             One Driver                                       m/m 36
             One messenger                                    m/m 36
             In-country duty travel for international
             and national project persornel S.L. 100,000

Total cost national project personnel               S.L. 2,332,000
c. Office premises, equipment, facilities           S.L. 3,809,000
          and supplies
          Rental of offices to accommodate the             2,500,000
          Coordination Unit: Providing adequate
          working office space for all national
          and international project personnel,
          meeting and other necessary facilities.

          Office equipment and furniture.                  1,059,000

          Adequate space and facilities for                  250,000
          workshops and training activities

d. Miscellaneous expenses                                    388,500

          Total Government Input in-kind              S.L. 6,529,500
                                              2
                                              3

e.        The Syrian Government will ensure that the necessary data/information
          are provided to the international consultants to enable them to carry
          out the activities onvisaged under this project.
          The Government will also contribute 500,000.00 Syrian pounds in cash to
          cover the following local expenses:
              Special compensation to collaborating members of the cross-sectoral
              committees;
                     Local costs associated with local conferences, meetings, workshops
                     and training courses;
                     Costs of simultaneous translation in project meetings and training
                     activities;
       Costs of translating, publishing, distributing and disseminating the draft and
       final NaLional Policy Strategy.
       B. UNDP
             The inputs of UNDP (from IPF and Capacit~, 21) will comprise the

             following: (a)                                              International

             Personnel                                                   US$ 750,000


CTA)         (10 m/m over duration of the project) -          Environmental
             Specialist Consultants

                     (Specialty areas to be determined later)            (22 m/m)

             -       Organization and management Consultant              ( 4 m/m)

             -       Personnel Management Consultant                     ( 3 m/m)

             -       Environmental Law Consultant                        ( 2 m/m)

             -     Environmental Consultant                        ( I m/m)
             -     Environmental Training Consultant to prepare master
             training and staff development plan                   ( 4 m/m)
             Environmental Planning Consultant to
                   provide practical on-the-job training             2 m/m)

                     GIS Consultant                                      ( 2
                     m/m) Consultancy services for project
                     formulation                                        (1.4 m/m)
             (b)    Duty Travel                                         US$ 15,000


             (C)    Mission Costs                                       US$ 15,000


             (d)    NPPP                                                US$ 104,000
                    Specialized National Consultants to assist in the
                    various aspects of Strategy "National Agenda 21" and
                    EAP preparation     (52 m/m) n
                                          - 21 -

       (e)       Training                                         US$     16,300

       -         On-the-job training
       -         Local workshops and seminars
-      International Seminar for environmental lawyer

(f)    Enuipment                                         US$   80,500

       Expendable                                 $ 10,500
       Non-expendable                             $ 70,000
(g)    Miscellaneous (reporting and sundries),           US$   16,000
                                       - 25
                                         -

                                        F.
                                       Risk
                                         s

      The GCFk has a young and inexperienced staff and with the exception of
the group leader "or environmental engineering services and the Minister
himself, there appears to b - little senior capacity to take on the
initiative of promoting and leading the activities of GCEA. Ir the group
leader of environmental engineering is required to devote his total time to
the project (eg. , serve as NPD and Coordinator 0
of Coordinati(-.n Unit - which is a possibility), this will leave a vital
technical leadership g~- in GCEA. It will be necessary to ensure that GCEA
immediately recruits at lk~-st one other senior person to take on the dynamic
leadership role at the technical evel.
       A very conscientious and knowledgeable CTA is the only true insurance
                                      available n
for the success of the project.      It is Lherefore extremely important that
such a person be found.

      A possibility exists that Lhe right types of            international consultants,
  those who are experts in their respective rields but                            i.e. ,
                                                                 who also have a working
knowledge of the Arabic langua,,,e, iviy riot he             This risk can be minimized
available.
by undertaking special recruitmcnL efforLs as well as           by the provision of well
trained interpreters and translaLors.
                             G. Prior Obligations and
                                   Prerequisites
Prior Obligations
None

Prerequisites

      The GCEA will identify and recruit, with the approval of UNDP, a
qualified individual to fill the role of NPD/Coordinator of Coordination
Unit.
      The GCEA will provide new and adequate office space to house the
Coordination Unit, as described under the inputs section of this project
document.
      The GCEA      will identify counterpart personnel for the Strategly
"national Agenda     21" and Environmental Action Plan and these and other GCEA
staff as listed     under the government inputs in E above, will be in place
prior to Project    initiation.
      .Although it has been agreed between the GCEA and UNDP Damascus the
recruitment of new staff in GCEA will be withheld until after the revised
organizational chart and job descriptions have been approved by the
Government.
      The GCEA will recruit and put into place a qualified and suitable
individual to lead the Environmental Engineering group in the event that
current leader of that group is to be occupied full time with the Project.
        The local operating budget required to support the project will be
                                    approved.
      The Government agrees to make available all datpL and information to
the International Consultants as may be required for the implementation of
the project.
                                         2
                                         6
 This will include all topograpliic map s~ic-ets for the country and tile use
 of all standard aerial photography, and all statistical information required
 and available through various Governw~nt agencies, etc..
       The Government en iures that all agencies of the Government will
 cooperate fully in the preparation of the strategy and action plan.
      The project docume it will be signed by UNDP, and UNDP assistance to
the Project will be provided, subi --t to UNDP receiving satisfaction that
the prerequisites listed above have been (Ifilled or are likely to be
fulfilled. When anticipated
  fulfillment of one or     re prerequisites fails to materialize, UNDP may, at
                                                                            its

discretion, either susi,    or terminate its assistance.

                       H. Pro-ject Reviews., Reporting and
                                    Evaluation
1.    An inception Report will be prepared for the Strategy ff national Agenda
21" and Environmental Action Plan component.     The inception 'report will
                                           ,
include a detailed work plan tliat will coN er tlie three year period of the
Project and will also include sections to cover the other components of the
Project.
2. The Project will be subjoct to joint review by representatives of the
      Government (members of PSC) , World Bank and UNDP once every 12 months,
      the first such review to be held within the first 12 months of the
      start of full implementation. The National Project Director/Coordinator
      of Coordination Unit and/or senior project officer of the World Bank
      shall prepare and submit to each tripartite review meeting a Project
      Performance Evaluation Report (PPER). Additional PPER's may be
      requested, if necessary, during the project. The NPD will be required
      to   submit  brief   monthly  reports  on   the  progress   of  project
      implementation.

    A project torminal report. will be prepared for consideration at the
    terminal review meeting. It shall be submiLted ;n draft sufficiently in
    advance to allow review and teclinical clearance by the 1~-'orld Bank at
    least four months prior to the terminal, reN,iew.
3.                 The project will be subject to an evaluation 27 months after the start
                   of full implementation.

                                                                                                               1. Legal
                                                                                                                Contest
      This project document shall be the instrument referred to as such in
Article 1 of the Standard Basic Assistance Agreement between the Government
of Syria and the United Nations Development Programme, signed by the parties
on 12 March 1981. The host country implementing agency shall, for the purpose
of the Standard Basic Assistance Agreement, refer to the Government
cooperating agency described in that Agreement.
      The following types of revisions may be made to this project document
with the signature of the UNDP Resident Representative only, provided he or
she is assured that the other signatories of the project document have no
objections to the proposed changes:                     . I
27
(a)   Revisions in, or addition of, any of the annexes of the project
document;
(b) Revisions which do not. nvolve significant changes in the immediate
objectives, outputs or ac!.vitics of the project, but are caused by the
rearrangement of inputs a,rcady agreed to or by cost increases due to
inflation; and
(c)   Mandatory annual revisions which rephase the delivery of agreed project
inputs or increased expert or othe^ costs due to inflation or take into
account agency expenditure flexibil: v.
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                                                                                                                                                          I


         17 - 99 S ub to ta l                                                                                    2 0 , 0 00 !                             i                                     2 0 , 0 00:

                                                                                                                     10. 0 ~                                                                        10. 0 ~
- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -
: 0 19                  CO M PO NE NT TO TAL                                         ( ts) :                    3 " 5, 00 0:                              : i ~o, jW 195 ,0 W                                          ,,:

                                                                                                                     ") 1 . 0 :                                              10 . ! ) :             2 1.0 !

- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - --
          _ - - -__. _ -__ _ -- -_ __ __ __ __ __ _- __. __
- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - - - -
     CO U NTR Y                            : S YR I AN AR AB RE PUSC t t                                                                        , ~., 'E Pñ: k1E0: ï 1' ~y ; . - - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -
     - - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - --
    PRO JEC T NU M BE R : S YR /94 /004 /A/0 1/4 2                                                                                                                                    ; L AS T R E v: 00 /00 /00 PRO JEC T TI TLE : S tr en gthe n ing
    Na t io n a l Ca pa c it y For E rr t ii roo een t a l
                                              Aff a ir s In Sy r ia
v        - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -                                                                                        PRO JEC T BUD GE T COV ER I NG U ND P CO NTRI BU TIO N ( in U. S. do llars)
                                                                     - - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - - - - -


                                                                     - - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -
'
                                                                                 PRO JEC T CO M PO NE NTS                                                                      ' TO TAL Ah l                         199 Ai ~ i i ; 19'í S A'7 i                      1996 Ah i ; 1997 Ah T

                                                    - - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - . -- - -- - -_ _- __ __ __ __ __ _ _ __ _._ _._ I -- _._. _.__ - r__ __ _._ _- ¡ h_ '_ __ _:_ _h ly_ - __ ___. h - _
;
 0 3 0 TR AI NI NG
0 3 2 0 00 Gr oup Tr a in in g                                                                                         1, 30 0;                                           6 ,3 0 0;                   1, 00 0;
                                                                           - - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- -
039                     CO M PO NE NT TO TAL                                          ( i i )                          1, 30 0;                                           6 ,:0(;                     1, 00 0; - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -
- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- -
;
  04 0 EQ U I PM E NT                                                                              '

0 4 1 00 0 Ex pe nd ab le Eq ui p ®en t                                                                              6 ,0 00;                                           3 ,0 00;                3 ,0 00;

0 42 0 0 0 No n- Ex pe nd ab le Eq u i poe n t                                                                       10 ,0 00;                                           10 ,0 00; - - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - --
- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - - - -- - -- - -- - -
     0 4 9 C OM PO NE NT TO TAL
                                                                                                                                                                      13 ,0 00;
- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -                                                                                                              3 ,0 00;
                                                                                                       (:s ) ; 16, 00 0;                                  ; - - - -- - -- - -- - -- -
- - - -- - --                                                                                                                                                                                                - - - -- - -- - --
                                                                                                                                                                 - - - -- - -- - -- -
;= 05 0 M ISC E LL ANEOU S
     0 5 2 0 00 R epo rt in g Cos t                                                                                 6 ,0 00;                                            3 ,0 00;                 3 ,0 00;
     0 5 3 0 00 S und r ies                                                                                         3 ,0 00;                                                       ;             3 ,0 00;
                                                                     - - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -
          059               CO M PO NE NT TO TAL                                     (: I) ;                         9, 00 0;                                            3 ,0 00;                    6 ,0 00; - - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - --
- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- -
      0 99              BU DG E T TYPE TO TAL                                          ( i      ;   = )             3 11,3 00;                                           i 12 ,3 0 i~;                2 0 5, 00 0; - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -

- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - - - - -- - -- - -- -
     999                U f iO P TO TAL                                                ( t t s )                    3 ~ , 3 10;                                                    _
                                                                       C 0 ;              2 0 5 ,0 0 0 v                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ;

                                                                                                     ;                         J 1 . 0 1             1 ).Ili                                               2 1 . U ; - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
      C O U NT R Y                              S YR I AN A R AB R E PL                                                                                    D A TE PR I N TE D : 2 0 /0 8 /94 ! i                                                                                                      GCCC

      P R O JE C T N U M BE R S YR / 94 / 0 0 4 / A/ 0 1 /4 2                                                                                         : S H AD O W B U D G E T : L AS T R E Y:
      0 0 /0 0 /0 0 PR O JE C T T I TL E                                                                                                              S tr e n g t h e n i n g N a ti o n a l
      C a p a c i t y F o r E n vi r o o t e a t a l Af f a i r s I n S y r i a



: PR O JE C T B U D G E T C O V E R I NG G O V E R NM E N T C O N TR I BU T I O N ( i n ) , . c a l C u r r e n c y ) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
-------------------------- -------------------------------------------


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - P R O JE C T
                                C 0 9 PO M E NTS                                                                      T O TA L A M I 1 9 94 A M I                                     1 9 9 5 Ad i 1 9 9 6 A M I          1 9 9 7 A M T h i l l h i l l h 1 h M I N M /M
    ----------- -------- ------- --- --------
    ----------- -------                                                                                                                                  ---------------
    :Iola P R O J E C T PE R S O N NE L                                                                                                                  ---------------
                                                                                                                    150,OOC.                      5,000:
        ;
        1 1 N a t i o n a l Pr o f e s s i o n a ls :                                                                                                    -----------
        017 001 special Comp. to Nat. Staff                                                                                                                 75,000:

                                                                                                                                               2 0, 0 0
    : D i l 0 0 2 N a t . l r a n s la t o r s & I û t e r p r r t e r s ~                                          I00 000~                                            5û 00Q~                   ' 10 '000~
                                                                                                                           '
                                                                                                                                                     0:                       '




    : 1 7 99 S u b t o t a l ( 3 ) :                                                                               250,000:                    95,000:                   l2s,000:                    30,000:



    : 0 1 9 C O M PO NE N T TO TA L ( 1 1 ) :                                                                      '150,000:                   95,000:                  125,000:                   ' J0 , 0 0 0 :


    : 4 3 0 TR A I N I NG

    : 031 000 Training                                                                                                                                                  4 5, 000:                          4 5,
                                                                                                                                                                                                           000:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
~ 039        C O M PO NE N T                    T O TA L ( " )     :                                                                                                          90, 000:                4 5, 00 0:                                      4 5, 0 0 0: --------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1
: 4 4 0 E Q U I PM E N T                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1




:0 4 3 0 0 0 R e n t a l o f Pr i n t . I Pu b . S e r y .                                                          100,000:                                             50,000:                      50,000: ------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------
: 049          C O M PO NE N T TO T AL                                                 (11) :                       100,000:                                             50,000:                      50,000; ------------------------------------ ------------------
--------------------------------------------
: ; 0 5 0 M I S C E L L A NE O U S

: 051 000 Operation and Maintenance                                                                                 4 3 , 0 92 ~                                         2 1, 5 4 6 !                 2 1, 5 4 6 ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
---------------------------------------------
: 059           C O M PO N E N T TO T AL                                               (13) :                            4 3 , 0 92 :                                         2 1, 5 4 6 :            2 1, 5 4 6 ! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
--------------------------------------------
: 099        B U D G E T T YP E TO TA L                                           ($11) :                           4 83 , 0 9 2 :               95,000:                 2 4 1, 5 4 6 :          146,546:



---------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------- 103                                                                                           Support Cost                                         1 6 , 90 8             1                        3 ' 325

                                                8 '4 54                                                        5 . 12 9
I -- - -----------------------------             A - - - - - - - - - - 4 -------- j - - - - - - - - -                      f - - - - - - - - - r-                             - --
                                                                                                I                                                                         r            I
1                        199       B U D G E T T YP E TO TA L 1 5 0 0 , 0 0 0 , 9 8, 3 2 5 2 5 0 , 0 0 0                                     ! 1 5 1, 6 7 5           1

                                                                                                    I
                                                            ---------   2 - - - - - - - - - -------------------

- - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - -- - - - -                                  G O V E R N M E ' l l T C AS H                    ~.- -- - _j
                                                                               C O U NT E R PA R T                               CONTRIBUTION
- - - -
                                                                                                      S C HE ' D U b E O F PAYMENT
                                                                                         S YR / 94 / 0 0 4 / A/ 0 1 /4 2


                      D A TE                                                                 S YR T A I - 1 PO U ND S                                                          C O N TR I B U TO R

                      1 1 0 V E ND E l l 94                                .318 '325                                                    G o ve r n m e n t. o f , S y r i a

                      NOVEMBER 95                                          1 5 1, 6 7 5                                                                                        0



                      TOTAL                                                500,000



                  G o ve r n m e n t C a s h C o u n t e r p a r t C o n t r i b u t i o n s a r e p a y a b le i n lo c a l ( S y r i a n P o u n d s ) to b e d e p o s i te d i n th e U ND P R e s i d e n t
R e p r e s e n t a t i ve a c c o u n t No . W 3 2 / 3 0 6 0 , C o m m e r c i a l Ba n k   of         S y r i a , Br a n c h     No. 12, Affif

Cons ol i dat ed P r oj ec t B u dg et j or tx ec u c i ng Hge,,L pj r L u 0 H n & ( i n US dol l m )
AIÉN,   C> e - :>       qc :) w              IE IP IF
         P r oj ec t Hus ber : S Y R/ 94/ 00 4

            P r oj ec t T i tl e: S tr ength eni ng Nati o nal Cap ac i ty for E nv i r ol l e l l tal A ffai r s i n Rev i si on Co de: A
            S our c e of F un ds : 0 1 U NDP - IP F

                                                            A DS S our c e of F un ds : 0 3 IP F S ubl i ne E x ec uti ng A ge nt: V O R LDB A X X
32 1 .0 1 G r o up T r ai ni n g 3 2.9 9 S ub tot al
pa~ i e I


        B udge t
Ic i p Li ne Li n e D es c r i pti on                                       A DS                                     ( 199 4- 1m )                                                    199 1                                        199 5
                                                                                                                                                   AOS                                                                                        $ A DS             I/
  10 P RO J E CT P E RS O N NE L                                            P r ov i der I /I                           Co~ t                                                                        Cos t A DS 1/i               Cos t
          I I . E x per ts



            11.0 1 C hi ef . T ec hni c al A dy i s er ( CIA )              W O RLO B A K I 3.0                      45 ' u 'o
            11.5 1 S p ec i al i z ed Cons ul ta nts                        W O RLHA H.~ 2.0                         30,M                   3 , 0 00                                                                 0       30,0 00          3,00 0
I 1I.S 2 O r g. I hG T C ons ul ta nt                                       W O RLO B A N.~ 4. 0                     k o,on                    ~ , C,-, r) 1                                                    1 4. 0       60,0 00          6.00 0 i
                                                                                                                                               "       ' ,
1 11 .53 P er s on nel h 2n! gE l ^r t                                      V O RL D B A Ni 3. 0                     i s , ~r      ~)
                                                                                                                                                   ,         o ') I                                         i    1 . 0   ,    s   L 0 0       i Soo i

1 11.55 E nv i r m ental C ons ul t2i l t                                   W O RLCIF A . N~ 1                                                 I ~                                                               i I o       ,                    ,
                                                                            .0                                                                 , ,, ~ ) I                                                                15 " , C , 0         1       soo i
I I ! . 56 E nv i r or m nU I Ir a k i ng                                   W O P V , RA N~ . 4.0                  6 0, -                      ~ .un I                                                              .        ,                    ,
                                                                                                                      ~ ~                                                                                   i                                                 i 4 ,
            11 . 5 7 E r ,                                                  W. 0 R L D F                        0 , 0 ", 3
1 11 .58 G Is c ons ul tant                                                 W  0 R L 11"i A ~ . ~                                              3,U' ) 1                                                     i                                                 1 2.c
                                                                            M
            11.9 1 S h or t T er i Co ns ul t2r t                           W O RLDB A .h.j
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1s0
1 11 .99 s ubt otal                                                                       121 .0                3   15 ,   (,.11                        sl Soo I                                                1 10.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   , 0,V, 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 s , i!oo I I I . m


            15. T r av el Cos ts

            15.0 1 T r av el                                                                                               5 0                         S oo

            15.9 9 S u btot al                                                                                         5 0 0                           S oo

            16. m i s s i on c os t

            16.0 1 m i s s i on c os ts                                     V O RLDB A N~                             s ,000                           S oo

            16.9 9 S u btot al                                                                                        5,00 0                           S oo
            17. Nati on al P r of es s i onal s
                                       ,
            17.0 1 N ati on al Co ns ul tants                               W O RLDB A N.J                           20.0' ~ o                2,00 0                                                                                                            10
                                                                            10.0
         11.9 9 s u btot al                                                                         10.0          20, 000            2,00 0                                                                            10

                                                                                                                                          34 ,
         19. Cot pon en - t T ot al                                                                 31.0        345, 00 3                                                                 10.0   150, 00 0   15,0 00   21
                                                                                                                                          500

    30 T RA I NING

         32. S tu dy T o ur s                                                                   i
P r oj ec t T otal                                              Y ear I                                              Y ear 2                                         Y ear 3




1
W O RLDB A Nj                            7,30 0 7 ,3t



730

6,30 0                    630                               1,00 0 1 00

6,30 0                                                      1,00 0 1 00
         Project SY -R/94/001



         Project Tith: Strengthening
         Nati onal WaCit Y f or
         Efl yiron wt al A ff airs in
         Rev isi on Code: A

         S ou rce    of                  Funds:       0 1                   U "~l D p - I p F




r'OS S ou rce of FuU ds :                U I N, Su blin e Executin g Aqaat: OOpLDBA NX



                                                                                                                   Project T ot al

                                                                                                                                 -
         Bu d~a t                                                                   AOS                              (1934 1996)


1 CI P Lin e Lka Dascri pti oa                                                      Provider           1 / 3            Cost                     AOS




            39.      Cc              t                I ot a 1              7 , 300           130 40           EQUI P~Eh f I SUPPLIES

    1    4 1 -       I r
                           ,
                               t -                    ~     f   0   C   u   f   E   !   - -   a t   u ri de r                                          $ 10 ,   uo     I          I
         4 1 C1      E                     E Qu   i       C .                       t                                V. 0 P. L D     DO   A. N ~           _'          (I ~~ C)   6 o 0


                                                                    t                                                       Al




         4 9.
                  1
               52 .     P.-portin g cost s 52 .01 peportin g Costs 52 .97



               53. -Sundry



               53.01 Sun dri es                                                                         3,000


               53. 99     Su bt ot al                                                                   3,000




               59.           Colpoh ent T otal                                                          9,000
i


190                     TOTAL                                                   I                                           i



               99.      Bu dget T ot al                                             31.0         377,300          36,830

     Year I                                             Year 2                                          Year 3


     1994                                               1995                                            1996



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                                                                                       6,10D                                                                                        1,000 100




                                                     3 , 0 3 0          3,000                3r. 0 10 , 000          1 '('00
                        13,000 1,300                                    3,000                3110   I




                                                     3,000                                       6.0,00


                                                                    i                                                                                                                                   i




                                                                         10.0                                     172,300               16,930 1 21.0                205,000            19,900
    -,7
7         =   --7'7:--T-,-,--'717!7



                                                                                                                                      c_ ; Y- % - 1D I
                                                                                                                                          -
                                                                                                                                                         n   ,     C' - ~ 11 l u            2   -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                        T




----------------------- I ------------------------------------------------------------                                          -------------

~ COUllliRy                     :   S YR I AN Pi PAB RE PU BL IC                                                          10,

- - - - - -- - - - -- - - - -- - - - -- - - -- - - - - - -- - - - -- - - - -- - - - -- - - -- - -                           - - - - - - - - -       - - - - - -- - - - -- -        - - - - - -- -
- - - - - -- -
         PRO JEC T NU M BE R S YR /93 /GS I /A/5 0 /4 2                                                                                                                                                            ~ LASI REY:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ,



         H'111~400 PR O JE C T TI TLE                                                                                                                                                                              S tr eog the ni nq
         R a t ior i a l Ca p ac it y for F ro li~o rz er t a; Aff a ir s

- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -
~ PR OJEC T BU DGE T CO VER I NG U NO P CO NTR I BU TIO N (i n U.S. do llar , ) - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -
                                                                                                                                  ,



- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- -


- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - - PRO JE C T COM PONE NTS TO TAL AM ! 1994 0 T               1     995 HT 1996 HT                                1



                                                                                                            1997 A9T h 1M h ll~ r , /M M /M h 1h - -- - --- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- -
- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -

~ 0 10 PRO JE C T PERSO NNEL
     ;
                                                                                                                              1                                   1                                            1
: t 1l E x per ts:                                                                                              10 1 ,0 W
                                                                                                                      1
                                                                                                                                            6MOC                                  11 j, Q 0 0~
   0 11 - 00 1 C hi ef Tec hn ic a l Ad vis er (C I A)
                                                                                                                    7 .O~                          ~                                              3 .C
                                                                                                                                                   . 0:
         0 11 05 1 Sp ec i a lize d Con su lt an ts
                 -
                                                                                                                3 0 0,0 W                   2 2 5, 0 W                                    ' ,5 , H0 ~
                                                                                                                    2 0. 0:                    15 .0 ~                                         5 .Q~
         0 11 - 054 L eq a l Co nsu lt an t                                                                j ' 0 . 00 0 :                   1   1



         11- 99 S ub to ta l                                                                                 4 35 ,0 00:                -
                                                                                                                                            10 0.0 00:                            1
                                                                                                                                                                                      1
                                                                                                                                                                                          115 ,coo:
                                                                                                                 29 .     0~                20,0:                                          5.0~
- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -
 ;
     15 O ff ic i a l t ra ve l:
 0 15 -0 0 1 Tr a ve l                                                                                                                      S, 00 c:                              5 ,0 0 0~
     15 99 Su bt ot a l
             -
                                                                                                              10 ,0 00:                      5 ,0 W 1                             5 ,0 0 0~

                                                                                                                                                                                                           i
 $16 M i ss ion co st s:
                                                                                                                                                                                          5 ,0 0 0         :




 0 16 -0 0 1 M iss io n Cos ts                                                                                10 ,0 00 !                    S,O vo:
 16 99 Su bt ot a l
         -
                                                                                                              10 ,0 00:                5 ,0 0 0~                                          5 ,0 0 0 1

 $17 Na t i on a l Profe ss ion a ls:
 0 17 -0 0 1 Na t ion a l Co nsu lt an ts
                                                                                                             4 2 . 0:                       2 0 . 0:                              2 ~ . 0:
 17 - 99 Su b tot a l                                                                                        84, 00 0:                      4 0,OW                                4 1, 00 0:
                                                                                                                4 2.O~                      2 O.O ~                                       2 2. O~

 0 19 CO M PO NE NT TO TAL                                                                                 5 3 9, 0 00:               3 5 0, 00 0:                            189,0 0 0:
                                                                                                              7 1 . 0!                      4 0. 0 !                                       .
                                                                                                                                                                                               7
                                                                                                                                                                                                   ji ,   0:
- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -
* 0 30               TR AI N] NG

         0 3 2 0 00 Gr oup Tr a in in g                                                                                                         ~,
                                                                                                                                                     ,
                                                                                                                                                         OW       ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--


                                                                                                                                                                      I



     039                CO M PO NE NT TO TAL                                                                         9, 00 0:                   Y, 00     1
                                                                                                                                                              1           1   i   - - - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - - - -- - -- - - --- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- - -- -
- - - -- - -- - -- - -- -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ---------------- ----------- ------------ ----- ------- -------



',
 COU NTRY               :                      S YRI A N A RAB                                RE r-,                  ;                         DA 1 E                                    RGI RIID:                   6 /0 8 1 '94    , _                 2 ---------------------- ----------- ---
                                                                                                ---------------- ----------- ------------ ----- ---------------- --
                           PROJE CT NUMBE R : S YR/93 /G 81 /A /50 /42                                                                                                                                                                       ; LA S T RE! ': 0 0 /00 /0 0
         PROJE CT TI TLE : St ren gt h en i n g Nati on a; Capaci t y for ;r,vi ro.;s;;.t s A ffai rs




                                                                ---------------- ----------- ------------ ----- -------------- ---- ------------ -- ---------- ----------
         PROJE CT BU DG ET COV E RI NG UNDP CONTRI BUTI ON (in U.S . dol l ars)
---------------- ----------- ------------ ----- ---------------- ----------- ------------ ----- ---------- PROJE CT COMPONE NTS                                  ; 101AL Ah1 ; 19')4 í{M1 ; 1''í9S

                     Ail ; 1996 A A N ; 1997 AM1
                                            M/N ;                                                                                                     1 1 /A ;       M/h ;             M/M ;          M/M )


                                                                                           ---------------- ----------- ------------ ----- ---------------- ----------- ------------ ----- ----------
   ;   0 4 0 E QU I PME NT


   0 4 1 0 0 0 E xpen dabl e Eù u i pn ent                                         4 ,5 0 0 ;


   0 4 2 0 0 0 Non -Expen dabl e E Qui pseat                                       60,000;         cr,CCO ----------------------------------------------------------------
   ------------------- -----------


   049               COMPONE NT TOTA L                      (t c/                  6 4 , 5 11 i --------------------------- --- 64,Sú0.'
   ; 050 MIS CE LLA h E OUS
' 0 5 3 00 0 S un dri es                                                           1,000;              ,000;              ,000; -_ _ -----------_ _ ---------_ _ _ -------_ _ _ __ -_ .-
_ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ ._ _ __ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ .._ _ __._ . -_ _ _ _ _ --__ _ _ ._ --_

   059             COMPONE NT TOTA L                        (i s) ;                1 ,0 0 0 ;          4 ,0 0 0 ;      ~,U OD ------------- ----------- ----------- - ---------------- ----------- ----
---------------- ----------- ----


   099             BU DG E T TYPE TOTA L                (sss) ;                 619,500;        4 2 1 ,5 00 ;       1 9 2 ,oU O 1 1 .0 ; 4 0 .0 ; 3 1 .0 ; ------------------------------ ----------- -------
---------------- ----------- ------------ ----- ------ 9 9 9                    UNDP TOTA L                         (M) ;         619,500;       421,500;        192,000;
                                                                                  7 1.0;               40.0;          3 ! .0

Consolidated Project Budget for Exec uting A gent WO RLDBANK (i n US dollars)
'A,    «D     S>             <:>   T\T        C-- ~~       IL   1


        projec t Hulber: SY R/93/G81

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      A

      Sourc e of F unds: 50 UNDP/CIOA Tr ust Fund Agr eei nts S S ourc e of Funds : 50 UNDP/CIOA Trust Fund A greeants
Executi ng A gent: WO RLDBANX
                                                                                                   Project T otal                                                Year I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Year 2
     Budget                                                     ADS                                 (1994- 1996)                                                 1994                                           1995

tp line             Line Description                            Provider              I/)           S Cos t                S ADS                 1/1             cost                ADS                   I Cost               AOS

10                  PROJECT PERSO NNE L

      II .          Experts                                                  I                                                             I                                                 i                                           I
       11.01 Chief T echnical A dviser                          WORLOS           7 .0              105 ' C'n               imloo                 4.0           tmoo                 6,000        3.0       4~' V-o             4,500
                                                                AK~j
      11 .51 Specialized Consultant                                              20.0              300,000                 30,000               15.0          MMO                22,500          5.0       !   S, 0            7,500
     1 1 . 54 Legal Cons ultan2t                                V0 R L            2.0               30.CO O                 3, 0       H         1.0           15,000               1 Soo        1.0       1                  1 ' 500
          H.91 Short Teri Cops ult2rit                          ~JR L
                                                                1, F A ~ i
                                                                                                                                 43,
                I     Subtotal                                                   2?.0              4 J,   5,   000                              20.0          300,000               30,63        9.0       i                  3 , s 00
                                                                                                                                 $00
                    !ravel Cos ts

           ISM Iraval                                                   A                           io ' coo                    ],ODD                         5 , C, 0 0             Soo                                          Soo

       15.99          Subtotal                                                                                                                                   5,000               500                                           0o


       16.          mission Cost

       16.01 mission Costs                                      WORLOS                              10,000                       I'm                             5,000                Soo                      5 '('"             Soo
                                                                ANJ
       16.99          Subtotal                                                                      10,000                       I'm                             5,000                Soo                       5 ' uo            Soo

       II .         Nati onal Professionals                                  i                                                              i                                                i                                           i

       17.01 Nati onal Consulta~ts                              WORLDB           42.0               84,000                      8,400           20.0           40,000               4,000        22.0      44     000          4 400
                                                                ANJ
      17 .99          Subtotal                                                   42.0               84,000                      8,400           20.0           40,000               4,000        2?.0      44     '000         4,400


       19.               Colponent Total                                         11.0              539,000                  53,900              40.0          350,000            35,000          31.0      189,000            18,900


30                  TRAINING

       32.          Study Tours

       32.01 Group Traini ng                                                                              9,000                   goo                            9,000                goo

       32.99          Subtotal                                                                            9,000                   goo                            9,000                goo


          39.            Colponent Total                                                                  9,000                  900                             9,000                goo



40                  EQUIPHE NT I SUPP LIES

P r oj ec t Nu.b er : S Y R/9 3/6 81
P r oj ec t T i tl e: S tr ength eni ng Nati o nal Cap ac i ty f or E nv i r oni ental A ffai r s Rev i s i on Code : A
S r m c e of F un ds : S O UN DP /CIDA T r us t F un d A gr e er nts 0 3 S our c e of F un ds : 50 UNDP /C IO A T r us t F u nd A gr eei nts E X :c uti ng A gen t: W O R L DB A NK
                                                                                  1                        P r oj ec t T otal                                             Y ear 1

                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Y ear 2
      F udg et                                                     AOS                                      ( 199 4- 19 96)                                             199 4
               Li ne D es c r i pti on                                                      n /o                                  S AOS              ; e /a                             S AOS                             199 5
 Ci p Li ne                                                         P r ov i der                            S Cos t                                                  S Cos t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Cos t = A O S

          47.         Int. P r oc ur es ent un der $ 70, 00 0
          47.0 1 E x pend abl e E G ui p ae nt                     Y O RLO B A              -                  4,50 0                      450                          4,50 0               4S O
                                                                           NJ                                                                    1
          47.0 2 Non- E x pe nd abl e E G ui p ee nt               Y O RLDB A                               60,0 00                    6,000                         60,000                 6,00 0
                                                                           NJ
                                                                                                                                                                                            6,45 0
          47.9 9       S ubtot al                                                                           64,5 00                    6,15 0                        64,5 00
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Î
          49.            Coa po nen t T ot al
                                                               1              64,5 00                  6,4"0 ¡               E4 ,S00            6,45 0       Î


     50            M IS CE LLA NE O US

          53 .     Sur, dr y

                                                ~ O P IO B A
          53.0 1 S ti r , dr i es
                                                         N~
                                                                               7,00 0                          I                 4,009                                         3,000

          53.9 9      5ub1 ota1                                                                                                                              I                 3,000
                                                                                         ,
                                                                               i ,¿: D                                            ,îîû



          $9.             Cow nen t T ot al                    i               1,000                           ¡                 4,000                                         3,000



     90            TOTAL


          99.         E udge t T ot al                         l 71.0        619, 50 0                 61,2 50 40. 0         427, 50 0         42,3 50       ¡ 31.0           192 000 18,900


                                                               1                                               I                                             i
      -
C- C) M 33 JE W JE Di        IEI TJ ID C; 1H;JP -
COMBINED BUDGET COVERING UNDP CONTRIBUTION (IN US DOLLARS)
Project Number: SYR/94/004/A/01142 (IPF) and SYTZ/93/G81/A/5C/42 (Capacity 21) Project Title :
Strengthening National Capacity for Environmental Affairs

                                                                        TOTAL                                                1994                                              19 5 1996

                                                          P roject                           AOS                   Project                AOS                    Project                  AOS Projec
                                                               Budget                                              Budget                                        Bud~
  010. PROJECT PERSONIL
  *11. Experts
  011-001 Chief Technical Adviser                                  150,000                   15,000                  60,000                6,000                   45,000                  4 500 45,
~. 011-051 Specialized Consultants                                 330,000                   33,000                 225,000               22,500                  105,000                 10:500 ! I
  011-052 & Consultant                                              60,000                      6,000                                                              60,000                  6 1 11
I Org. 111ingt
  011-053 Personnel !Igmt Consult                                   45,000                      4,500                                                              45,000                  4 :00, 500
  011-054 Le'gal Consultant                                         30,000                      3,000                   15,000            1,500                    15,000                  1,500 1 1
  011-055 Fnvironmert Consultant                                    15,000                      1 500                                                              15,000                  1 Soo
  011-056 Envir. Training Consult                                   60,000                      6,00o                                                    1                                         1 6
OIL-057 Envivown-?nt Plan. Cons.
"I                                                                  30,000                      3,OoO                                                                              1               1 -
  oil-055 GIS Consultant                                            30,000                      ! 000
                                                                                                3                                 1                                                1
                                                                                             -
    11-99 Sul)-total                                               750,000                     ,1 : o o o
                                                                                                5                   300 000               30,000                 2S5   .000        1      25, -100 1
      :
       115 Off,cial Tra--el
      015-001 Travel                                               F 5,000                     1,5C0                    5 oilo                 500                     5 o0o
       15-99 Subtotal                                               15,000                     1 Soo                     5 000                 500                     -
                                                                               ----                                 -                                                   5:   000
                                                                                                          -1
                                                                                                                                          --

      *16 Mission Costs                                                                             i
      016-001 ~Iission Costs                                        15,000                     1 500                     5,000                 500                     51000                 Soo
                                                                                               1 5
          16-99 Subtotal                                            15,000                      : ()o                    5,ooo                 500                     5,000                   500


      *17 Natio nal Professionals
      017-001 NPPs                                                 104,000                   10,400                     40,000            4,000                    44 000
                                                                                                   .                                                                                         -1,40
          17-99 SUbtotal                                           104,000                   10        100              40,000            4,000                    44:000
                                                                                                                                                                                             4,40q
                                                                                                                                                                                       ----,
      019 COMPONENT TOTAL                                          884,000                   SS,400                350,000'               35,000                  339,000                    33,90
                                                                                                                                                                                                 0
      *030 TRAINING                                                                            1,630
      032 000 Group Training                                        16,300                     ]                         9,000                 900                     6,300                 630
                                                                                                                                  F   -



      039 COMPONENT TOTAL                                           16,300                     1,630                     9,000                 900                     6,300                    0



i                                                                       TOTAL                                                1994                        ~ 1995
                                        Project AOS                                                                      , P
                                                                     Project A OS              i Project SOS


                                                   T
                                                                     Budget                    ; Budget I
  •40 EQUIPntNT                                            1,050                           !
                                         Budget                                                        '
i¡ 041 000 Expendable Equipment           10,500                                 4,500 450
i 042 000 Non Expendable Equipt           1
                                            0,000 7,000                       60,000 6,000 I 3,000 300
                                                                                                    10,000 1 1,000
G 049 COKPONENT TOTAL                   ~ S0,500          5,050      ~ 64,500      I 6,450 I 13,000      ~ 1,300   ( 3
h,
¡. w0g0 111SCELLANEOUS                                                                                         3,000 -
4 052 000 Reporting Costs                  6,000                                           -
                                                               -        4,000                       3,000 ¡
~; 053 000 Sundries                       10,000                                           -                             ' 3
                                                                                                                    -
~: 059 COMPONENT TOTAL                  , 16,000               -        4,000              - I 6,000 j _- I

 099- BUDGET TYPE TOTAL             I 996,S00             93,080      421,500             42,350 1 3G4,300 i 35,530
                                                          j
 999 UNDP TOTAL                          996,800          995,080     427,500       I 42,350
                                                          I                             - ¡_ _3G_4,3000 35,830           __2
   tJNUY                            -                                                                     0 I 16,930
                                                       j 3G,S30          _Î 0                                            i
_ LF_F                                   377,300                                               - 172,30.0
   ,
  U ;DP-C~t=ocity 21                     619-500   ---61,250   i    -~12i,500             42,350-I 192,000 I 15,900
                                                                                A

                                                                                N

                                                                                N

                                                                                E

                                                                                X

                                                                                I
                                                                        P
                                                                        R
                                                                        E
                                                                        L
                                                                        I
                                                                        M
                                                                        I
                                                                        N
                                                                        A

                                                                        Y

                                                                        W
                                                                        O
                                                                        R
                                                                        K

                                                                        P
                                                                        L
                                                                        A
                                                                        N
)Jective 1:            To upgrade the managerial/organization and staff capacities
                       of the GCEA so that, by the end of the project, the G( is
                       capable of planning and implementing its established
                       programme of activities and producing its tarCdletted outp
itputs/Activities:
Responsible
                                             Party         6       12   15    18    21    24    27

ItDUt 1-1

i organization structure best
lited to the needs of GCEA
; developed and introduced

JAvities
 1.1 Review and assess appro-       International 0 & M
    priateness of legal and         and legal consul
    organizational status of        tants
    GCEA.
 1.2 Review and assess existing     International 0 L NI
    0organizational structure of    Consultant
    GCEA.
 1.3 Design appropriate orga-            - do
     nization chart for GCEA.
 1.4 Revised organization chart           GCFA

    approve and implemented.

9
Outputs/Activities:     Responsible
                                                Party      6   9   12   15   18    21    24    27
Output 1.2
New revised management objectives
of functions

Activities
1.2.1 Analysis of existing          International 0 M
manage-
      ment functions                Consultant
      1.2.2 Development and             - do -
           introduction
      of improved management
      objectives and functions

Output 1.3

Detailed job descriptions of exis
ting and additionally- required
jobs in GCEA.

Activities
1.3.1 Preparation of detailed job International Pers
      descriptiohs of all           onnel Mana ement
      and additibnally required
      existing                      Consultant
      professional and support
      jobs in GCEA
1.3.2 Adoption of revised job                GCEA

      descriptions
Outputs/Activities:
Responeible
                                                Party     6   9   12   15   18   21   24       27

OutMt 1-4

Strengthened environmental law
capacity in GCEA

Activities

1.4.1 Establishment of environ-     i GGEA
                    -
      mental law -^ I ;,)n anu
      environmental law library
      in GCEA
1.-1.2 On-the-job and out of        National Legal                                         _
      country training of staff     Consultant
      of this section
1.`1.3 Review and assess existing   International legal
      environmental. legislation    Consultant & GC
                                    Counterparts
1.4.1 Assess existing monitoring    International Legal

      and enforcement; mechanisms   Consull.altt
1.4.5 Development of a strategy              - do
      for environmental law
      reform identifying revi
      sion of existing laws and
      enactment of new legal

      instruments

Jutputs/Activities:
Responsible
                                                Party     6   9   12   15   18   21   24 127
.4.6 Preparation of report          International Legal
     containing concepts and/or     Mnsultant
     new draft of law amendm
     and new legal -struments.
.4.7 Organization of national.      International Legal
     environmental law workshop     Consultant of GCEA
     to discuss report in 1.4.6
     above.
.4.8 Adoption of revised environ -         GCEA

     mental legislation,

)U1-ittt l   .:i



>trcn Lltened capacity l'or Syrian
,nvironmuntal personnel of GCEA
tnd outer collaborating Ministries
cncl Omani vations

wtivities

.5.1 Assessment of GCEA human        International Per
     resources needs of GCEA         sonnel Management
     by category.                    Consultant
.5.2 Development master training     International
     plan                            Environmental

                                     training Consultant

Outputs/Activities:        Responsible
                                                Party          6   9   12   15   18   21    24   27
1.5.3 Preparation of phased          International
      implementation scheme for      Environmental
      master plan                    Training Consultant
                                     and GCEA
1.5.4 In-country training in         International
      environmental planing to       Environmental
      staff of GCEA and other        Planning Consultant
      collaborating institutions.
1.5.5 Training to be provided by     International                 -
      team of international          Consultants and
      consultants                    Coordination Unit,
1.5.6 Series of seminars and         Coordination Unit    iL                           __

      workshops Conducted by         National Consultants
      national consultants
1.5.7 Training in GIS                International GIS
                                     Consultant.

7llt2llt I _6

Strengthened capacity and upgraded
facilities and equipment for the
Coordination Unit to ensure max
imum participation by stakeholders
in the National Strategy and
EAP formulation process.

9
Outputs/Activities:
Pesponsihle
                                                                    Party             6   9    12   15   18   21   24   27

Activities

1.6.1 Recruitment of adequate                                  GCEA
      staff of the Unit
1.6.2 Review of equipment and                                   CTA
      facility needs of the
      Unit.
1.6.3 Procurement and instalation                       World Bank,


      of equipment and facilities                       Damascus,

O b j e c t i v e 2: To develop the National Policy and Strategy to serve as Syria's
Agenda 21 as «ell as a comprehensive blue print fo sustainable development and
environmental protection in Syria.
Outputs/Activities:
Responsible
                                                                    Party             6   9    12   15   18   21   24   27

Output 2.1

Completed preparatory work for
the formulation of the National
Policy and Str~ltegy.

Activities

2.1.1 Constituting a multi-                              World Bank and           -
       disciplin,Lry teams)                              Coordination Unit
       macle up of members from the
       different cro~,;s-rectoral
       committees and reinforced by
                                                    `
       n<<tiollal k i l i t e r n a l , i o l i a l
       contiu I tant"
2.1.2 Establish all initial work                                Cr.A rind                 _-




       Plan.                                             Coordination U n i t .




9
Outputs/Activities;
Responsible
                                                                    Party             6   9    12   15   18   21   24   27
2.1.3 Preparation of series of         International and
      reviews and recommendations      National consul
      on key technical and sec-        tints
      toral areas of the draft
      National Policy and Strategy
2.1.4 Synthesis of assessments and         CTA and
      recommendations of mul.ti-       Coordination Unit.
      disciplinary team in various
      sectoral/technical areas ini,
      a concise report (draft.
      National Policy and Strate gy
      Report "National Agenda 21")
        2.1.5 Or(~auization of             - cla -                  -       -
                        national
      seminar to discuss and
      pro\'ide National Policy
      auci Strntey , Report. Syria



      Agenda 2.1



Outputs/Activities:
Responsible
                                               Party        6   9   12          15   18   21   24   27

Output 2.2

Syria's National Policy and
Strategy ("National Agenda 21")
adopted and published.

Activities

2.2.1 processing of official           Coordination Unit.               -
      clearance and endorsement        and GCliA
      Of , National Policy and
      St.l'tlt('E;y ( N£ll - .lOllal
      AsE'Il(1£i
      21") b)" Govet'nlletlt


Objective_3:       To develop an Environmental Action Plan (EAP) as a key
                   instrument for the promotion of sustainable development,
                   consisting of two elements: (i) long-term objectives and
                   priorities; and (ii) formulation of specific project
                   proposals,    corresponding   to    immediate    pressing
                   environmental problems.
Outputs/Activities:
Responsible
                                               Party        6   9   12          15   18   21   24   27

KIM 3 I
      a
Long-term objectives and
priorities including environmental
technical assistance and capacity
building

Aglivit-les
3.1.1 Identification of long-term         International and

      objectives and priorities.        National UonsultanLs
3.1.2 Circulation of draft for            Coordination Unit
     comments by Government.
      decision makers.,
3.1.3 Preparation of final objec-                          CTA
      tives and priorities for



      inclusion in EAP.



9
- 49 -
Outputs/Activities:
Responsible
                                                               Party     6   9   12   15   18   21   24   27

:)utput 3-2

Priority project briefs.

Activities
:3.2.1 Identification of high            World Bank, GCLA
      priority projects in               and SPC
      accord IYith output 3.1
3.2.2 Ranking of high priority           GCEA and SfC

      projects
:3.2.3 Preparation of' project briefs            Int,e~                                    -_
                                           n<It,iori~il
                                         ~ I l l d i v `t lt   iCSi al



                                         COIIS LI l t <111 1,5




                                                    50
                                                     -


                                    A N N E X                       11
      Preliminary Schedule of Project Reviews, Reporting and Scheduling for
Consideration at Time of Project Implementation


Project Starting Date: April 1, 799-1

      Desrri~ Lion                                              Date


2.
Inception report for overall Project
                                             May 1, 1994
Inception report for Strategy
                                             July 1, 1994
and Action Plan component
PPER and TPR reports                         Dec.   15   1994
                                                    ;
PPER and TPR reports                         Dec.   15   1995
PPER and TPR reports                         Dec.   ,
                                                    15   1995
3.                                                  ,
4.
                                       1994: July 15,
                                                        Oct.15,
                                             Jan.15,
Project Coordinator quarterly                          April 15
                                             (1995),
reports                                               and similar
                                             schedule
                                                       for 1995
                                             á 1995

Project Coordinator tormi,<O                 Sept. 1, 1996
report
Strategy and action plan:                    Oct. 1, 1994
semi-annual report                           April 1, Oct. 1, 1995
to executing agency                          April 1, Oct. 1, 1996


5.          Strategy and action plan                        Immediately after
monitoring reports                                          every visit from short
term expert (monitor)

6.          Monthly reports from each of the         Within five days of

            three components                         the end of each month
7.          Project evaluation                                    July, 1996
                                 A N N     E X
                                       I I I
                                   TRAINING
                                   PROGRAMU,


      The Project is one of institutional strengthening and a one of the
three components of the Project is the identification of training needs for
the personnel of the GCEA.

       In addition to the preparation of a training programme plan, there
will be some on the job training provided through the strategy and action
plan component and limited training available through the training component
of the Project.               Training    aspects   of   the   Project   are   described   in   the
following:

Strategy "Agenda 21" and Environmental Action Plan Component

A consultant will be attached to this planning activity and will visit the
project periodically throughout its duration. The consultant will provide
direction to the coordinator and will provide advice on a number of topics
including public involvement programming. He will provide more practical on-
Lhe-job training to the three junior professional staff who will be attached
to the activity.
Several consultunK w ill bw roquired to provide specialist advice or, certain
topics such as air emissions, soll erosion, etc. In each case they will be
expected to iork wiLh junior professional staff and will provide seminars on
their subject maLLer to GCEA staff.
Training Needs Compoveni.

One of the outputs of Lhe third component of the Project is trained staff.
Although the major output of this component is a training plan, it is
important that staff receive some basic training in certain aspects of
environmental planning and mananment that will be required in any task area
with which they may be associated. Seminars will be provided by local
consultants in basic areas such as soils, plant ecology, water management,
land use, and the social sciences. An well, provision has been made for
limited onKhe-job training through a practical planning exercise such as an
area wide (e.g. Damascus cKy and rural planning programme) planning exercise.
Such an exercise will involve the use K technical expert who will have two or
three counterparts assigned to him. Skills to be passed on will include
planning process, data invuntory and analysis, public involvement,
alternative plan preparation, and presentation. The GCEA is increasingly
becoming involved in integrated planning exercise and the basic skills
required must be absorbed by the CCEA staff.
           An important component of all GCEA activities is data inventory,
     storage, retrieval and analysis. K the past some equipment and training
     has been made available in the area of geographical information
     systems. GIS will increasingly play a large role in many of the GCEA
     activities. Two mont ' A of intermediate and advanced training will be
     proxided through an external consultant specialist in GIS.
                                    A N     N      E     X     I V NON-EXPENDABLE
                                                EQUIPnENT REQUIREMENTS




I tem
      -
_0t       1   r           cost

    ion
                  Component
    Plan
                          20,0
                          00
1                          4,0
1                          00
                           1,0
                           00
1

                           2,2
1
                              00

                              1,8
1
                              00
                     1,0
1
                     00

                   10,0
many
                   00



                   10,0
many
                   00




2                  13,0
,
                   00




                    7,0
1
                    00



                   70,0
                   00
1.     "rategy "Agenda 21" and Environme"tal Ac




                                         ax                                     3 8 5 / 2 0h z
vehicle - 4W Photocopier f                    notebook computer -                                with 4 Mg RAM and


120 Ng hard drive
                      38 6 / 2 O A h z
desktop computer -                       with 4 Mg RAM and 120 Mg hard drive

software (WP5.1, lotus and dBase) selected books and documentation
2.    Organization and Management Componcnt
selected books
3.    Training Needs Component
Two computers for GIS w o r k . Each to be 486/50W with 16 RAM and 1.2 gigbyLe
dual hard disks (specs. and cost shouid be verified by a CIS specialisL.
Main software being used in ARCINFO (GIS)
large digitizing tablet suitable for 1:50,000 topographic map
TOTAL NON-EXPENDABLE EQUIPMENT
                                                                5
                                                                3




                                                A   N   N   E       X   V   j O B   D E S C R I P T I O N S



Government InDut
NPD/COORDTNATOR IF THE COORDTNATION UNIT


Context:

      Under the authority of the Minister of State of Environmental Affairs,
the NPD and Coordinator of the Coordination Unit will be responsible for the
execution of the project and more specifically for the drawing up of the
National Policy and Strategy ("Syria's Agenda 21") as well as the
Environmental Action Plan (EAP). He will head the Coordination Unit and
direct the inter-ministerial and multidisciplinary structures for the
coordination and carrying out of studies as well as planning and programming
activities. He will be assisted in his duties, at the technical level, by a
Chief Technical Adviser (CTA) who will coordinate the work of international
specialized consultants.
R e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s :


      Under the authority of the Minister ot State of Environmental Affairs,
the NPD and Coordinator of the Coordination UniL will carry out the following
duties:
I     -     administering, onganizing and following up the activities of the
            Coordination Unit, preparing report on the progress of work and on the
            financing situation;

2     -     organizing the participation and inputs of collaborating                                        national
            agencies   (ministries,    departments,   universities and                                      research
            institutions, private sector, mass movements, etc..);
    3 - arranging official travel and visits within the country and a-broad
          (mission, study Lours, etc..);

4 -         setting up and organizing the work of coordination structures (Project
            Steering Committee, TPRs, etc) in terms of preparation of documents and
            topics for discussion, meeting reports, etc..);
5 -         organizing the national seminar(s) and workshop(s) to be held during
            the course of the project;
6 -         organizing and participating in the drafting of the National Policy and
             strategy as well as Lhe EAP.
7 -         participating in the conception and carrying out of training and the
            public sensitization programmes.
Qupi I if -'i ca.tions :
            Considering Llie int, ~ -discF.linary              t i         his utlies and the
            organizational
                                                                U               d                            0



 requirements thereof, th.. I N PD and Coordinator of the Coordination                       T . p - L t   should
              have g qualifications:
the following

            high level university education i,,, the field of environment, national
            resource management and/or r(,,ional deve-lopi-iient;
            a   good l~noi~led<;e        rv    asi ri
                                       e m pîh r o n- s e n L a I l p r o b l e m s , w i t h
                                                                    O n ~n                    special
          administration issu. , ùhe                              i.,iid i,-,--;t~Lutional framework;
          experience in project                                                        Lo nQ~`~Otiate within a
          fram.ework of international cooperat ,ion;
          oxi)-criencc in the               of seminars, workshops and in                   n



          inter-ministerial coordination;

          experience in the conception ana: foi-muiation of projects and programmes
                                         of " rupoi--Ls in Arabic and in English.
          action and in the writin -Z o~
UNDP In Lits

(a)'CHIIFF TECHNICAL ADVISER (CTA)
context:

          To draw up the National Pol.cy and Strategy ("S~,ria's Agenda 21") and the
Environmental Action Plan (EAP) , the Coverna.,ent of Syria has provided for the
setting up of multidisciplinary and structures for the coordination and imp
le m e n ta t io n O f s t u d ie s , p la n n i lig anI-1 p r o -2., - - a . m m 1 4 , , , ,
                                                           1


                                                                                      ~ worh.
              In order to fa-ill LaLc Lhe iiitc---;i~,diiistcrial consultation and to e -
     n s u r e L n 0 f,                                                                                                       -
ol I cc tive orgariizat i on and' I o I low-up c) F L~ie
                                                                             imD le-men Lat '.on of this proj ect,
                                                                             provision has been made for the --
o t t i n g u p of a C o o r d i n a t i o n U n i t a t t a c h e d t o t h e G C E A . T h e C T A w i l l a d v i s e t h e  of'
th(~2 Coordinaton Unit on areas related to the formulation, drafting anci
imple,.ientaticn of th e national Strategy ("S~ ,riaa's Agenda 21")                                                             and
EAP,                                                                         the
                                                                             selection - of
                                                                             ipterriationai consultants                         and
experts,                                                                     the or,g,anization and conduct of
capacity buil-ling activities and review sessions to be ~carried out in connection
with the foril.n.,lation of the Strategy ("Syria's Agenda 21") and EAP.

Duration of Assignment:
The assignment of the CTA is expected to last                          ILO   months.                                                  i
Responsibilities:

            1-1ithin the frame work of' thc ii:ipiementation of. this project and in close
c o l la b o r a ti o n w i th th e I NI P D / C o o r d in a L o r of' th e Co o r d in a t io n Un it, th e C TA s h a ll
assist in the accomplishment of the following tasks:
          Advise and assist the NPD/Coord-inator of the Coordination Unit at
          every stage in the desiln, '--,,.pIem(-_-ntatio,-, and evaluation of
          the overall project.

               2 -  Assist in settingg up coordiniation structures, drawing up work
                                                                     pro,~Irarllmes
          n                                                                D for
                                                                           the
                                                                           multidis
          ciplinary                                                        Leam(s)
                                                                           and
                                                                      part, c
      ipat ing                                                        in the
                                                                      worhing
      sessions of the coordin,-.Lion structuress and technical committees.

3 -   Help identify spec~aliz                                 experts as required for the
      preparaLion of the Nliti             ij    Pu-!Jcy and Strategy ("Syria's Agenda 21")
      and the EAP.

        - terms ol reference I'or                          Llie                 imp lementat ion      of
          Sector-based, Preparin,

      technical and other studies.

                                                                  - 4 J
                                                                       iminary version o-f 5 -
      Supervise and participate i,-.               1 11 ~ ( 2   ccliraft-a_, of the pre!.

                                                  genda 21")
      the national Policy and St-LiLegy ("S~yria's 4,,,,
                                                           's w
6 -   Hold plenar~, conference and moeting Jth the muitidisciplinar~, terms to
      discuss the draft strate~),~r i ri the entirety.

      Review the draft strate~~,~.- i,~ Ei-,,I-Iish and in conjunction with
      the other consultants prepare comments, rocommendations and editing
      suggestions.
                                                                                            D   0 D


                      , I        acl,jvitics to be carried out by the 8 -
      Coordinate ~3pcc-ll        1                              D



      internatiorial   collsill'' -"I~LS   Iii   ~~elecLud to-)ics         of   interest.

                             'th the ass'stance of other consultant , of a
concise 9 -                                                       Lead
preparation, wi                                                   s

                         Lh, recomi~-,cndations of each consultant and the
      CTA to report summarizinbg                             t




      be submitted to the Syriaii           'N'orld Bank and UNDP at the end
      of the consultant's first visit (Lhe SLrateg~, ("Syria's Agenda 21")
      Draft t")
      R epo r 11

10- Consult on the convenin~~, oil a Se,-,inar on t1he Strategy, including
      the recommendation of topics to be covered.
11-   Outline content of the Seminar and assist in determining -the roles and
                                                             D



      contribu-tions of all participants (international and national),
      including the steps required to formulate the EAP.

12- Attend the Seminar and immediately upon its conclusion, provide a concise
      written   report  drafted    w-Lth  assistance   of   other  consultants,
      summarizing the recommendations of the CTA, international consultants
                            I from 'L.!-,e Seminar Ithe Strategy ("Syria's

      Agenda and experts resultin,,
                                                                                                      CD
         21") Final Report).

  13-       Lead preparation i-;ith tle a_~sistance of other consultants, ol the
                                         EAP.


14-      Assist NPD/Coordinator of Coordination Unit in preparation of necessary
         monitoring and evaluation reports for use by. UNDP and World Bank.
                       0
                                            3
                                            0
15- Respond to any relevant requests f7om the NPD/Coordinator of Coordination
      Unit or World Bank or UNDP.

Qualifications
      Senior expert in environmental sciences, with special emphasis upon
sustainable development in the context of developing countries and practical
experience in assisting countries with the UNCED process. CIA must have
abroad knowledge of the UNCED process, as well as:
                  Post-graduate education

Research, publication, teaching Strong records in research, publication and
teaching about some or all of the following: legislation of sustainable
development, pl anni ng and management of water and natural resources, marine
resources and disposal and treatment of hazardous and toxic wastes in
developing countries.
Experience : not less than ten years experience in the environmental and
sustainable development field.
            Experience in the organization of training activities and
            workshops. Perfect knowledge of En4iish and French and proficient
            in the use of computers.
(b)TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR THE SPECTALTZED TECENTCAL CONSULTANTS
Duties:
      A number of international consultants will be recruited to participate
in the formulation, drafting and implementation of the national strategy. The
consultants will also provide in-depth consultation in their areas of
expertise during the initial visit so that to build the capacity of the
Syrian Government. These consultants will also assist with the review and
preparation of the Action Plan and associated project briefs.


Qual i f i cat i ons
      Each advisor wi l l be an myerL i n his/her field and will have advanced
professional qualifications. Since the nat ure of the assignments are very
technical, the experts will be well established and have a comprehensive
knowledge of their area of expertise.


(c)      Nat i onal consultants
Duties
      A number of national consultants will be required to assist in the
development of the Strategy L EAP through a number of independent studies
related to the environmental issues that are to be addressed.
                                        5
                                        7

Qualifications
      Each of the consultants will be professionallo tra-ned in the area for
which they will be required and will have many years of expc ience in their
respective fields of expertise.
W)       Organization and Management consultant Q mm)
Duties
      The consultant will be responsibic for the analysis 'the        GCEA
organizational structure and the preparation of a new effective structu- ,
including appropriate management guidance and mechanisms that will reflect
the needs as identified in Part
I of the strategy and action plan. lie/she will develop the new
organizational structure and mechanisms in close liaison with a small
interministerial committee.

Qualifications
      He/she will have professional training in the management sciences and
will have many years of practical experience with at least some experience in
public sector organizational development. Experience with natural resource or
environmental agencies would be an asset.
(el      Personnel Managementfonsultant (3 mm)

Duties

      The consultant will be responsible for preparing the job descriptions
of all staff members of GCEA and will do so in cooperation with GCEA staLf
and other Government personnel staff.
Qualifications
      The consultant will have Drofessional training in personnel management
and will have many years of experience in personnel management in the public
sector. He/she will have experience in preparation of job descriptions,
particularly for a natural resources or environmental agency.

M        Legal QonsUltant (300 mm)
Duties

      The advisor will be responsible for supporting the development of a
strategy   for  environmental   law  reform   and  for   the   development of
concepts/drafts for law amendments and new legal requirements.

Qualifications
      The advisor will be qualified lawyer with a specialty in environmental
law and with international experience, particularly in developing countries.
He or slip will have experience in assisting national governments in the
znalysis and preparation of environmental law.
(g) National Legal Consultant~~ mrd
Duties

       The National consultant will be responsible for the reviewing of all existing
legislation and the preparation of the environmental law strategy. He/she will also
                                                                      ID




      be responsible for providing some guidance and assistance to the GCE , ~ junior
                                                                              lawyer.
(h) Environmental Consultant (1.0 W)
Duties

      To assess individual staff capacity to carry out job tasks as described in the
new organizational structure and to determine capacity strengthening required. To
gram plan. assist the training consultant in the preparation oil' the training prog
Qual i - fi cat ion
       A general environmental planner/i;iajia , ~er wl Lh p-rof essional qu--.lif
ications in the natural sciences. He/she wi l l h ave i,-,any years of experience in the
area of , emen L andl w J 11 have a very broad knowledge of the
                         k                                                  7,eneral
environmental planning/i;iana n (                                           n
environment. The consultant will hIlIve ( --,x-.)c-rience in environmental
institutional strengthening and capacity building.

W E-riviropmental Training Consultant (2 mm)
Duties

      To prepare an environmental trainin~ program plan that will include the      0


                                    -af f member and the most appropriate manner
in which specific training needs of each st
each member will receive trai ninSI.     The consultant will cost the training
activities and will prepare a training schedule.
Qualifi ations
       The consultant will have management qualifications with supplementary
qualifications as a trainer and a training program manager. He/she will have many
years of experience in the analysis of training needs and the prescription of
training requirements, as well as experience in the preparation of comprehensive
training plans.
(J) Environmental planning - , expert.
Duties

       The expert will provide practica l on-the-job training to several junior
professional staff member in various aspects of environmental management and
planning. " This will be done through a practical planning exercise such as the
Damascus city and rural area planning pro, , r~'Irllhie Which is currently being
carried out with input from GCEA.
Qualifications
      The expert will have a university degree(s) in the natural or social
sciences or in a related f ield and will have many years of experience in
re.dional/resource/environmental  planning.  At   least   some  of   his/her
experience will be in a development country. He/she will have experience
working with counterparts in government agencies and local authorities and
will have the patience and satisfaction of working in a training environment
where the transfer of technology is more important than the production of a
planning document.


(k) Gqoj~raphical Information Consultant (2.0 mm)

DuLies

To carry out two, one-weell.,                iri the inLermediate and advanced
                                                                        levels
particularly in the area ol          application .     miapping,
                                   f t h o ~, a tandcanalysis. of GIS,
                                                      0



Qualifications

      The individual will be a teacher of GIS and is probably currently
teaching at a developed country university. He/she will be have the latest
knowledge of GIS and its applications but will have the ability to present an
appropriate workshop to GCEA staff, considering their current ievel of
knowledge and ability. Data from the National Strategy "Agenda 21" and
Environmental Action Plan exercise and from the  C>




practical planning exercise of the capacity strengthening component will be
used for the workshop.
(1) Local consi~ltants (7.0 mm)

Duties

      To present seminars and worl~shops on various aspects of the
biophysical and soc 4                   L to the professional sLaff of GCEA.

    al environment

Qual i ficati oils
      The consultants will be experts in their respective fields and will
probably be associated with Damascus and other Universities and research
institutions.

				
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