Table 1 ES_D _ RCI

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Table 1 ES_D _ RCI Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                                                                          Externalities,
Option                                                                              Potential GHG Emissions   Cost per     Feasibility,    Priority for
 No.                    GHG Reduction Policy                                               Reduction            Ton      Considerations     Analysis                    Notes
 ES-1 EMISSIONS POLICIES AND OVERARCHING ITEMS
                                                                                                                                                          depends on level of cap, covered
ES-1.1 GHG cap and trade                                                            H                         L-M                                         sources, and trajectory of
                                                                                                                                                          reductions
                                                                                                                                                          depends on level of tax and
ES-1.2 Carbon (GHG) tax                                                             H                         L-H
                                                                                                                                                          covered sources
ES-1.3    Generation Performance Standards or Mitigation Requirements               H                         L-M
ES-1.4    Voluntary GHG targets                                                     L                         L
ES-1.5    Technology R&D                                                            U                         U                                           usually not quantified
 ES-2     RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY
ES-2.1    Renewable and/or Environmental Portfolio Standard                         H                         M-H                                         depends on RPS % and ramp up
ES-2.2    Grid-based Renewable Energy Incentives and/or Barrier Removal             H                         M-H
ES-2.3    Distributed Renewable Energy Incentives and/or Barrier Removal            M-H                       M
ES-2.4    Green Power Purchases and Marketing                                       L                         M
ES-2.5 Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Incentives and/or Barrier Removal              H                         N-L
       Pricing strategies to promote renewable energy and/or CHP (e.g. net
ES-2.6                                                                              L-M                       M
       metering)
ES-2.7 Renewable energy development issues (zoning, sitting, etc.)                  U                         U
ES-2.8 Demand-side energy efficiency (RCI focus)                                    H                         L
ES-2.9 Technology-focused initiatives (biomass, energy storage, etc.)               M-H                       L-M
 ES-3 FOSSIL FUEL AND NUCLEAR ELECTRICITY
                                                                                                                                                          L refers to reductions up to 2025.
          Advanced fossil fuel technology incentives, support, or requirements
ES-3.1                                                                              L                         H                                           Potential for H reductions after
          (IGCC, CCS, etc.)
                                                                                                                                                          2025
                                                                                                                                                          assumes plant is operational prior
ES-3.2 Nuclear Power Support and Incentives                                         H                         H
                                                                                                                                                          to 2025
ES-3.3    Efficiency Improvements and Repowering Existing Plants                    M-H                       L
ES-3.4    Biomass co-firing at fossil fuel power stations                           L-M                       L-M
ES-3.5    Technology-focused initiatives (fuel cells, energy storage, etc.)         L                         H
 ES-4     Fuel Production, Processing, and Delivery
          Oil and Gas Production: GHG Emission Reduction Incentives, Support,
ES-4.1                                                                                                                                                    suggest transfer to O&G
          or Requirements
ES-4.2    Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution                                                                                                       "
          Oil Refining: GHG Emission Reduction Incentives, Support, or
ES-4.3                                                                                                                                                    "
          Requirements
          Coal Production: GHG Emission Reduction Incentives, Support, or
ES-4.4                                                                              M-H                       M-H
          Requirements
          Coal-to-liquids Production: GHG Emission Reduction Incentives,                                                                                  CTL could increase GHG
ES-4.5                                                                              L                         H
          Support, or Requirements                                                                                                                        emissions
                                                                                                                                                          L refers to reductions up to 2025.
ES-4.6 Low-GHG Hydrogen production incentives and support                           L                         H                                           Potential for H reductions after
                                                                                                                                                          2025
 ES-5     CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE OR REUSE
ES-5.1 CCSR enabling policies (administration, regulation, liability, incentives)   U                         U
                                                                                                                                                          Costs relate to amount of
ES-5.2 CCSR incentives                                                              U                         U
                                                                                                                                                          incentives considered
ES-5.3 R&D for CCSR                                                                 U                         U
 ES-6 OTHER ENERGY SUPPLY OPTIONS
ES-6.1 Transmission System Upgrading                                                H                         M-H
        General Distributed Generation Support (Interconnection Rules, Net
ES-6.2                                                                              L-H                       L-M                                         depends on design of policy
        Metering, etc.)
ES-6.3 Reduce Transmission and Distribution Line Loss                               H                         L
ES-6.4 Environmental (emissions) Disclosure                                         U                         U
ES-6.5 Smart Grid
 RCI-1 ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAMS, FUNDS, AND GOALS
        Demand-Side Management (DSM)/Energy Efficiency Programs, Funds,
RCI-1.1
        or Goals for Electricity (including expansion of same)                      H                         N-L
        Demand-Side Management (DSM)/Energy Efficiency Programs, Funds,
RCI-1.2
        or Goals for Natural Gas, Propane, and Fuel Oil                             M-H                       N-L
        Energy Efficiency Funds (e.g., public benefits funds) administered by
RCI-1.3
        state agency, utility, or 3rd party (e.g., Energy Efficiency Trust)         H                         N-L
RCI-1.4 Regional Market Transformation Alliance                                     U                         U                                           depends on region
RCI-1.5 Low-cost Loans for Energy Efficiency Improvements                           H                         L-M
 RCI-2 BUILDINGS
RCI-2.1 Improved Building Codes for Energy Efficiency                               H                         L-M                                         can be M for certain sectors
        Promotion and Incentives for Improved Design and Construction (e.g.
RCI-2.2
        LEED, green buildings) in the Private Sector
                                                                                    H                         L
RCI-2.3 Improved Design and Construction, “Government Lead-by-example”              M                         N-L
RCI-2.4 Support for Energy Efficient Communities Planning, "Smart Growth"
                                                                                    U                         U
          Increased Use of Blended Cement (substituting fly ash or other
RCI-2.5
          pozzolans for clinker)                                                    M-H                       L-M
RCI-2.6   Training and Education for Builders and Contractors                       U                         U
RCI-2.7   Energy Management Training/Training of Building Operators                 U                         U
 RCI-3    APPLIANCE STANDARDS
RCI-3.1   More Stringent Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards                   M-H                       N-L
RCI-3.2   Support for Federal-level Appliance Efficiency Standards                  U                         U
 RCI-4    EDUCATION AND OUTREACH
RCI-4.1   Consumer Education Programs                                               U                         U
          Energy Efficiency and Environmental Impacts Awareness in School
RCI-4.2
          Curricula                                                                 U                         U
RCI-4.3   In-Home Energy Displays                                                   L                         M
RCI-4.4   Energy Performance Disclosure                                             U                         U
 RCI-5    PRICING AND PURCHASING
                                                                                                                                                          relates to % goal, amount
RCI-5.1 Green Power Purchasing for Consumers
                                                                                    L-M                       L-M                                         purchased
RCI-5.2 Net-metering for Distributed Generation and Combined Heat and Power
                                                                                    L-M                       L
                                                                                                                                     Externalities,
Option                                                                                  Potential GHG Emissions      Cost per         Feasibility,           Priority for
 No.                           GHG Reduction Policy                                            Reduction               Ton          Considerations            Analysis                     Notes
        Rate structures and Technologies to Promote Reduced GHG
RCI-5.3
        Emissions                                                                      L-M                          M-H
RCI-5.4 Bulk Purchasing Programs for Energy Efficiency or Other Equipment
                                                                                       L                            L
 RCI-6    PRICING AND PURCHASING
                                                                                                                                                                            depends on incentive level and
RCI-6.1 Incentives to Promote Implementation of Renewable Energy Systems
                                                                                       L-M                          L-M                                                     structure chosen
          Incentives and Resources to Promote Combined Heat and Power
RCI-6.2
          (CHP, or “cogeneration”)                                                     M-H                          L-M                                                     "
          GHG EMISSIONS-SPECIFIC GOALS AND POLICIES, INCLUDING
 RCI-7
          PROCESS EMISSIONS
                                                                                                                                                                            potential for M cost due to
RCI-7.1 GHG Cap and Trade Program (for RCI Sectors)
                                                                                       H                            L-M                                                     program administration
RCI-7.2 GHG or Carbon Tax                                                              H                            L-M
RCI-7.3 Switching to Lower GHG Fuels                                                   L-M                          L-M
        Policies and/or Programs Specifically Targeting Non-energy GHG
RCI-7.4
        Emissions                                                                      L                            M
                                                                                                                                                                            potential for M reductions
RCI-7.5 Negotiated/Voluntary Emissions or Energy Savings Agreements
                                                                                       L                            L                                                       depending on program design
 RCI-8  TECHNOLOGY-SPECIFIC POLICIES
        White Roofs, Rooftop Gardens, and Landscaping (including Shade
RCI-8.1
        Tree Programs)                                                 L                                            M-H                                                     link to adaptation
RCI-8.2 Focus on specific end-uses/technologies                        U                                            U
 RCI-9 NON-ENERGY EMISSIONS (HFCS, PFCS, SF6, CO2 PROCESS EMISSIONS)
RCI-9.1 Participation in Voluntary Industry-Government Partnerships    U                                            U
                                                                                                                                                                            depends on processes and depth
RCI-9.2 Process Changes/Optimization
                                                                                       L-M                          L-M                                                     of change
RCI-9.3 Leak Reduction / Capture, Recovery and Recycling of Process Gases
                                                                                       H                            L-M
RCI-9.4 Appliance Recycling/Pick-Up Programs                                           L-M                          L-M
RCI-10 OTHER
                                                                                                                                                                            depends on scope and depth of
RCI-10.1 Focus on specific market segments
                                                                                       U                            U                                                       chosen segment(s)
RCI-10.2 Municipal Energy Management                                                   U                            U
RCI-10.3 Industrial ecology / by-product synergy                                       L                            L-M
RCI-10.4 Industrial and Commercial Audits                                              U                            U
                                                                                                                                                                            depends on coverage and amount
RCI-10.5 Green Building Tax Credit
                                                                                       L-M                          L-M                                                     of credit

                                                                          1                                                                            1,2
                                   Potential GHG Emission Reductions                                                 Potential Cost or Cost Savings
           High (H): At least 1.0 million metric tons (MMt) carbon dioxide equivalent (CO 2e) per   High (H): $50 per metric ton CO2e (tCO2e) or above
           year by 2020
           Medium (M): From 0.1 to 1.0 MMtCO2e per year by 2020                                     Medium (M): $5-50/tCO2e
           Low (L): Less than 0.1 MMtCO2e per year by 2020, or 1 MMtCO2e by 2050                    Low (L): Less than $5/tCO2e
           Uncertain (U): Not able to estimate at this time                                         Negative (Neg): Net cost savings
                                                                                                    Uncertain (U): Not able to estimate at this time
           1
             Several measures may overlap in terms of emissions reductions and/or cost impacts. Estimates assume measures would be implemented independently from
           other measures.
           2
             Costs are denoted by a positive number. Cost savings (i.e., “negative costs”) are denoted by a negative number.