ScrapWasteI 504 by maclaren1


									                         PREVENT STORM WATER CONTAMINATION
                                  Best Management Practices for
                         Section N - Scrap & Waste Material
                         Processing and Recycling Facilities
                            Part 1: Solid Waste Recyclers
                                                             SIC Codes - 5093
General Information:
1) Federal and State Storm Water regulations require the City to reduce the quantity of pollutants that enter our storm drains, rivers and washes
from rainwater and other sources. 2) Water from any source that contains contaminants is prohibited from entering the storm drain system which
includes, streets, catch basins (street grates), ditches, washes, retention ponds (some parks) and rivers. 3) Commercial and industrial wash or
wastewater is prohibited from entering the storm drain system, street or any other outside area. 4) You may request a temporary discharge permit
by calling Storm Water Management at 256-3190 prior to discharging. Certain restrictions apply. 5) All washing activities that use soap, solvents,
degreasers or any other chemicals must be hauled to a landfill or discharged into the sanitary sewer through a sand/oil interceptor or approved
pretreatment device. 6) City Ordinance requires most commercial / industrial facilities to develop and implement a Storm Water Management Plan
(SWMP). 7) See 40CFR122 Section 6.N.6, October 30, 2000 for additional required BMPs.

           Inbound recyclable and waste                                    x Provide covered storage, container bins or equivalent for
                                                                             lightweight materials such as glass, plastics, aluminum cans,
                 material control                                            paper and cardboard.
x Encourage suppliers of scrap, waste and other salvageable                x Minimize/eliminate residue from bottles, containers, etc. from
  materials to drain residual fluids prior to arrival at the facility.       coming in contact with runoff.
x Establish an acceptance program for handling, storage and                x Establish dry clean-up methods.
  disposal of lead-acid batteries.                                         x Train employees on the handling, storage and disposal of residual
x Establish procedures for rejecting or handling, storing and disposal       fluids from small containers.
  of hazardous and non-hazardous residual fluids.                          x Prohibit wash down of tipping floor areas.
x Establish procedures to properly handle industrial turnings and          x Provide good housekeeping to eliminate particulate and residual
  cuttings and prohibiting cutting oils and metallic fines from              materials buildup.
  coming in contact with runoff.                                           x Establish cleaning schedule for high traffic areas.
x Identify inspector training requirements.                                x Provide covered disposal containers or equivalent for residual
                                                                             waste materials.
             Outside scrap metal storage                                   x Eliminate floor drains discharging to storm drain.
x Conduct inspections for fluids, (e.g. oil, transmission fluid,
  antifreeze, brake fluid and fuel). Establish handling/storage and                     Scrap processing operations
  disposal procedures for these materials.                                 x Provide training to equipment operators on how to minimize
x Drain and collect liquids in a designated area.                            exposure of runoff to scrap processing areas.
x Provide covered storage or impervious areas with curbing, berms          x Schedule frequent cleanup of fluids and residue around all scrap
  or other appropriate measures.                                             processing equipment.
x Establish spill prevention procedures.                                   x Schedule frequent inspections of equipment for spills or leakage
x Minimize or eliminate the accumulation of liquid wastes.                   of fluids, oil, fuel, hydraulic fluids.
  Maintain an inventory and ship regularly.                                x Place process equipment on elevated concrete pads or provide
x Establish procedures to handle materials if hazardous wastes are           runoff diversion structures around process equipment, berms,
  discovered after material is accepted.                                     containment trenches or surface grading or other equivalent
x Conduct periodic inspections of storage areas.                             measures.
x Conduct preventive maintenance of BMPs as necessary.                     x Discharge runoff from within bermed areas to a sump, oil/water
x Minimize runoff from coming into areas where significant                   separator, media filter or discharge to sanitary sewer.
  materials are stored. Build a diversion structure such as a curb,        x Conduct periodic maintenance and clean out of all sumps,
  berm, containment trench, surface grading and elevated concrete            oil/water separators, media filters. Dispose of residual waste
  pads or other equivalent measure.                                          materials properly, (e.g. according to RCRA).
x Collect leaks or spills of oil, fuel, transmission and brake fluids      x Place process equipment (e.g. balers, briquetters, small
  (use dry absorbent, or drip pans).                                         compactors) under an appropriate cover.
x Install media filters such as catch basin filters and sand filters.      x Provide dry clean-up materials, (e.g. dry-absorbents, drip pans,
x Install oil/water separator in storage areas with vehicle                  absorbent booms, etc.) to prevent contact of hydraulic fluids, oils,
  transmissions and engines. Locate spill pans under stored vehicles.        fuels, etc., with storm water runoff.
x Provide non-recyclable waste storage bins and containers.                x Stabilize high traffic areas, (e.g. concrete pads, gravel, pavement),
x Provide equipment operator training to minimize damage to                  around processing equipment.
  controls like curbing and berms.                                         x Establish spill prevention and response procedures, including
                                                                             employee training.
     Storage other (lightweight materials)                                 x Provide containment bins or equivalent for shredded material,
x Identify/provide supplier training or information bulletins on             especially lightweight materials such as fluff (preferably at the
  requirements for acceptance of lightweight materials.                      discharge of these materials from the air classification system).
x Encourage suppliers to minimize/eliminate, as practicable, volume
  of semisolid and liquid residues in recyclable materials, (e.g.
  residual fluids in aluminum and plastic containers.)
           Supplies for process equipment                                                      Erosion and sediment control
x Locate storage drums containing liquids, including oils and                     x Minimize run-on from adjacent properties, use diversion dikes,
  lubricants indoors or place palletized drums and containers on a                  berms or equivalent.
  bermed impervious surface with a cover. Provide sumps, oil/water                x Trap sediment at down gradient locations and outlets serving
  separators, if necessary.                                                         unstabilized areas, and may include filter fabric fences, sediment
x Instruct employees on proper material handling and storage                        traps, vegetated or riprap swales, vegetated strips, diversion
  procedures.                                                                       structures, catch-basin filters, retention basins, etc.
                                                                                  x Use absorbent booms or sand filters in front of outlet structures
           Scrap lead and battery program                                           for runoff that may contain oil and grease.
x Establish inspection and acceptance procedures for scrap lead-acid              x Stabilize all high traffic areas, including all vehicle entrances and
  batteries.                                                                        exit points.
x Provide supplier training on acceptance practices for scrap                     x Conduct periodic sweeping of all traffic areas.
  batteries.                                                                      x Conduct inspections of BMPs.
x Provide employee training on the safe handling, storage and                     x Perform preventative maintenance as needed on BMPs.
  disposition of scrap batteries.                                                 x Provide employee training on the proper installation and
x Separate all scrap batteries from other scrap materials.                          maintenance of erosion and sediment controls.
x Establish procedures for the storage, handling, and disposal of
  cracked or broken batteries in accordance with applicable Federal                   Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan
  regulations, (e.g. RCRA).                                                           (SWPPP) or Storm Water Management
x Provide secondary containment pallets and covered storage to
  prevent exposure to either precipitation or runoff.                                             Plan (SWMP)
                                                                                  x Develop and implement a SWPPP or SWMP.
      Vehicle and equipment maintenance                                           x All regulated facilities must submit a Notice of Intent (NOI) to ADEQ.
x Establish an inventory program for all chemicals used during                    x All SWPP and SWMP’s must be submitted to the City for
  maintenance                                                                     approval.
x Store and dispose of used oily rags filters, coolants, batteries, in a
  manner that minimizes contact with runoff.
x Label and track used fluids and waste materials                                                              Inspections
x Drain oil filters before disposal or recycling                                  x Conduct an inspection of the entire facility at least quarterly or
x Drain all fluids from parts                                                       within 24 hours after a rain event.
x Store liquids in compatible containers                                          x Complete the storm water BMP checklist.
x Train employees on BMPs                                                         x At a minimum the areas for inspection will include:
x Conduct regular BMP inspections to ensure they work                             x Any area that generates, receives, stores, treats or disposes of
                                                                                    waste and that are exposed to rain
                                Fueling                                           x BMPs after each inspection and modify them and the SWPPP or
x   Use spill and overflow protection devices                                       SWMP as needed.
x   Eliminate runoff onto fuel islands                                            x Document all inspections and training exercises and maintain
x   Cover the fuel island with a roof to reduce runoff                              records for at least three years.
x   Provide curbs or posts around fuel islands to prevent collisions
x   Conduct regular inspections for BMPs and spills                                                          If spills occur:
                                                                                  x Stop the source of the spill immediately.
          Vehicle and equipment washing                                           x Contain the liquid until cleanup is complete.
x Avoid washing vehicles or equipment outdoors                                    x Deploy containment booms if the spill may reach water
x Recycle wash water
x Provide a permanent wash rack with a sand/oil interceptor                         or storm drain.
  connected to the sanitary sewer                                                 x Cover the spill with absorbent material.
x Install automatic shut-off valves on wash equipment                             x Keep the area well ventilated.
x Provide training for employees who use the equipment Vehicle                    x Dispose of clean-up materials properly.
  and equipment painting                                                          x Do not use an emulsifier or dispersant and wash it down.
x Keep paints and solvents away from traffic areas
x Cleanup accumulated overspray
x Conduct sanding and painting in an enclosed area                                   The BMPs found on this page are paraphrased from
x Dispose or recycle paints, solvents and thinners properly                          Federal Storm Water documents 40CFR122, 1995 or later.
x Train employees on proper painting and cleanup procedures

     Storm Water                              Only Rain in the Storm Drain!
                                                or 602-495-0334 in Spanish
                                                      Fax: 602-495-2016
                                                                                                                     STREET TRANSPORTATION DEPARTMENT
                                              Email:                                        STORM WATER MANAGEMENT SECTION

    Management                     Upon request, the Street Transportation Department will make this publication available
    A member of STORM            through appropriate auxiliary aids or services to accommodate an individual with a disability
     Stormwater Outreach for                  by calling 602-256-3190; or faxing a request to 602-495-2016.                                     Rev. 4/04
      Regional Municipalities

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