Japanese Kanji Readings by fjhuangjun

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									                                                     Japanese Kanji Readings
Introduction
   The same kanji can be read differently depending on whether it is alone, combined, or depending on the proceeding kanjis.

Important: When a kanji character is by itself we use Kun-Yomi (Japanese) but when it is part of a word we use On-Yomi (Chinese). We have
put the Chinese meaning first (in Katakana), with the Japanese reading underneath (in Hiragana) e.g. 人 is nin / jin (Chinese) then hito
(Japanese) underneath.
With numbers, the counting system is underneath.



  KANJI                READING                   MEANING                 REASONING FOR            EXAMPLES
                       On-yomi / Kun-yomi                                MEANING
                       イチ ichi                   one, first                                       一番 ichi ban – number one, the best
  一                    ひとつ hitotsu                                                                世界一 sekai ichi - the best in the world
                       ニ ni                      two, second                                      第二 dai ni – the second
  二                    ふたつ futatsu
                       サン san                    three, third                                     三つ mittsu – third
  三                    みっつ mittsu
                       シ shi                     four, fourth                                     四つ yottsu - fourth
  四                    よん yon
                       よっつ yottsu
                       ゴ go                      five, fifth                                      五つ itsutsu - fifth
  五                    いつつ itsutsu
    ロク roku          six, sixth       六つ muttsu - sixth
六   むっつ muttsu
    シチ shichi        seven, seventh   七つ nanatsu - seventh
七   なな nana
    ななつ nanatsu
    ハチ hachi         eight, eighth    八つ yattsu - eighth
八   やっつ yattsu
    ク ku             nine, ninth      九つ kokonotsu - nineth
九   キュウ kyuu
    ここのつ kokonotsu
    ジュウ jyuu         ten              十 too - tenth
十   とお too
    ヒャク hyaku        hundred
百   もも momo
    セン sen           thousand
千   ち chi
    マン man           ten thousand
万   バン ban
    よろず yorozu
    フ fu             father           お父さん otousan – a father
父   ホ ho                              父の日 chichi no hi – Father‟s day
    トウ tou
    ちち chichi
    ボ bo             mother           お母さんokāsan – a mother
母   モ mo                              母の日 haha no hi – Mother‟s day
    カア kaa                                                              保母 ho bo – kindergarden teacher, or a
    はは haha                                                             nurse
    ユウ yuu              friend                                          友達 tomodachi – friend(s)
友   とも tomo                                                             友情 yuujou - friendship
    ジョ jo               woman, female          looks like a woman /     彼女 kanojo – her, or girlfriend
女   ジョ/ ニョ(zyo / nyo)                          ironing board            女の子 onna no ko – a girl
    おんな onna                                                            女優 joyuu – an actress
    ダン dan              man, men, male         rice field + power =     男女 danjo – men and women
男   ナン nan                                     must be strong to work   男らしい otokorashii – manly, like a man
    おとこ otoko                                  in rice field (a man).
    ジン jin              person, people                                  三人 san nin – three people
人   ニン nin                                                              七人 shichi jin – seven people
    ひと hito                                                             女の人 onna no hito - woman
    シ shi               child, children, the   looks like a child.      子猫 ko neko – kitten (child cat)
子   ス su                young                                           女子学生 jo shi gakusei... female student
    こ ko                                                                子供 kodomo – child, children
                                                                        お菓子 okashi - cake
    ニチ nichi            the sun, day                                    ある日 aru hi – one day
日   ジツ jitsu                                                            毎日 mai nichi – every day
    ひ hi                                                                みっか mikka – 3rd day
    び bi                                                                明日 ashita - tomorrow
    か ka
    ガツ gatsu            the moon, month                                 今月 kon getsu – this month
月   ゲツ getsu                                                            月 tsuki – the moon
    つき tsuki                                                            一月 ichi gatsu – January (first month)
    カ ka          fire, light           looks like flames.         火事 kaji – a fire
火   ひ hi                                                           花火 hana bi – fireworks
                                                                   火花 hi bana – sparks
                                                                   火山 ka zan – fire mountain
                                                                   火曜日 ka youbi - Tuesday
    スイ sui        water                 looks like a river         大水 oo mizu – flood (big water)
水   みず mizu                             converging (water).        水着 mizu gi – swimsuit
                                                                   水田 suiden – rice field
    モク moku       tree, wood            a tree.                    木上り ki nobori – tree climbing
木   ボク boku                                                        松の木 matsu no ki – pine tree
    き ki                                                           木曜日 moku youbi – Thursday
    こ ko                                                           木村さん kimura-san – Mr. Kimura
    キン kin        gold, money           digging under a hill for   賞金 shoukin – prize money
金   コン kon                              gold.                      金曜日 kin youbi – Friday
    かね (o-)kane                                                    金田 kaneda-san – Mr. Kaneda
    かな kana
    ド do          earth, ground, soil   a grounded mast.           土曜日 do youbi – Saturday
土   ト to                                                           粘土 nen do – clay
    つち tsuchi                                                      土地 to chi – ground area, soil
                                                                   土木 doboku – civil engineering
    ホン hon        book,                 tree with a root.          日本 nihon – Japan
本   もと moto                                                        本 hon – a book
                  origin, root,

                  counter for long
                  slender objects
    キュウ kyuu         rest, vacation         a man resting by a tree.   夏休み natsu yasumi – Summer vacation
休   やす(む) yasu(mu)                                                     昼休み hiru yasumi – lunch break
                                                                       お休みなさい oyasuminasai – “Good
                                                                       night”
    ゴ go             word, speech,                                     日本語 nihongo – Japanese
語   かた(り) kata(ri)   language, narration,                              物語 mono gatari – a story, tale, legend
    かた(る) kata(ru)
                     to tell, to speak
    ネン nen           year                                              一年 ichi nen – one year
年   とし toshi                                                           二年前 ni nen mae – two years ago
                                                                       去年 kyo nen – last year
    ゴ go             noon                                              午前 gozen – morning
午   うま uma                                                             午後 gogo – afternoon
                                                                       午後二時 gogo ni ji – 2 o‟clock in the
                                                                       afternoon
    ゼン zen           before, in front of,                              名前 namae – name
前   まえ mae           previous                                          前書き mae gaki – preface (before the
                                                                       writing)
    ゴ go             behind, after                                     最後 sai go – the last, the end, the
後   コウ kou                                                             conclusion
    のち nochi                                                           後ろ ushiro – behind
    うしろ ushiro
    ジ ji             time                                              時間 jikan – time
時   とき toki                                                            時々toki doki – sometimes
                                                                       何時ですか nan ji desu ka – what time is
                                                                       it?
    カン kan           interval, between,   the sun is between the   居間 ima – living room
間   ケン ken           space,               gates.                   時間 jikan – time
    あいだ aida                                                       昼間 hiru ma - daytime
                     room,
    ま ma
                     time
    まい mai           each, every                                   毎日 mai nichi – every day
毎   ばい bai                                                         毎朝 mai asa – every morning
    ごとに gotoni                                                     毎週 mai shuu – every week

    セン sen           previous, ahead                               先生 sen sei – teacher (previous life)
先   さき saki                                                        先日 sen jitsu – the other day
                                                                   お先に どうぞ o-sakini douzo – please
                                                                   go first
    コン kon           now, the present                              今月 kon getsu – this month
今   キン kin                                                         今晩は konbanwa – good evening
    いま ima                                                         今度 kon do – next time
    カ ka             what, how many                                何人 ですか nan nin desu ka – how
何   なん nan                                                         many people?
    なに nani                                                        何時ですか nan ji desu ka – what time is
                                                                   it?
    ジョウ jou          top, above, on       the stem is above the    上手 jouzu – good at
上   カミ kami                               ground.                  上る noboru – to go up
    うえ ue                                                          上げる ageru – to rise
    うわ uwa                                                         つくえの 上 tsukue no ue – on the table
    のぼ(る) nobo(ru)                                                 年上 toshi ue – older, old (years)
    あ(がる) a(garu)
    あ(げる) a(geru)

    カ ka             bottom, beneath,   the stem is below the      くつ 下 kutsu shita – socks [lit. shoes
下   ゲ ge             down               ground.                    under]
    した shita                                                       下る kudaru – to go down
    しも shimo                                                       下車 する gesha suru – to get off
    もと moto                                                        下さい kudasai – please (give, do)
    くだ(る) kuda(ru)
    さ(がる) sa(garu)
    さ(げる) sa(geru)
    サ sa             left               looks like an „H‟ on its   左手 hidari te – left hand
左   ひだり hidari                          side – „H‟idari means      左足 hidari ashi – left leg
                                        left                       机の左 tsukue no hidari – to the left of the
                                                                   desk
    ウu               right              second symbol looks        右目 migi me – right eye
右   ユウ yuu                              like katakana „ro‟.        右ページ migi pëji – right page (of book)
    みぎ migi                             „right‟ also starts with
                                        „r‟.
    トウ tou           east               the sun is behind the      中東 chuutou – the Middle East
東   ツウ tsuu                             tree rising in the East.   東京 toukyou - Tokyo
    ひがし higashi
    セイ sei           west                                          西口 nishi guchi – west entrance
西   サイ sai                                                         西ドイツ nishi Doitsu – West Germany
    にし nishi                                                       大西洋 tai sei you – the Atlantic
    ナン nan           south                                         南米 nan bei – South America
南   みなみ minami                                                     南極 nan kyoku – the South Pole
    ホク hoku            north                                          北アメリカ kita amerika – North
北   ボク boku                                                           America
    きた kita                                                           南北戦争 nan boku sen sou – US civil
                                                                      war (North South)
    ガイ gai             outside, foreign                               外国人 gaikoku jin – foreigner
外   ゲ ge                                                              外人 gaijin - foreigner
    そと soto                                                           外国語 gaikoku go – foreign language
    ほか hoka                                                           外で遊ぶ soto de asobu – to play outside
    メイ mei             name, fame, famous                             有名な yuumei(na) – famous
名   な na                                                              名前 namae – name
                                                                      平仮名 hiragana - hiragana
    コウ kou             high, tall,          looks like a tall         最高 sai kou – the highest, the best
高   たか(い) taka(i)                           building                  高校生 koukou sei – high school student
                       costly                                         高いビル takai biru – tall building
    ショウ shou           small, little                                  小学校shou gakkou – elementary school
小   ちい(さい) chii(sai)                                                  小さい家chiisai ie – a small house
                                                                      小説 shou setsu – a novel, a story (fiction)


    チュウ chuu           inside, middle,      a line goes through the   一日中 ichi nichi juu – all day long
中   なか naka            centre, within       middle of this kanji      家の中 ie no naka – inside the house
                                                                      勉強中 benkyou chuu – in the middle of
                                                                      studying
    タイ tai / ダイ dai    big, large, great                              大学 dai gaku – university, college (big
大   おお(きい) oo(kii)                                                    school)
                                                                      大きい心 ookii kokoro – big heart
                                                                      大会 tai kai – big convention or rally
                                                                         大きな家 ooki na ie – Big house

    ハン han              half                      a sword cutting        半月 han tsuki – half a month
半   なかば nakaba                                    horizontal sticks in   半月 han getsu – half moon
                                                  half.                  半島 han tou – peninsula (half island)

    ブン bun / フン fun /   units, minutes, a part,                          半分 hanbun – half
分   プン pun              to divide,                                       部分 bubun – a part
    わ(ける) wa(keru)                                                       気分 kibun – feeling, mood
                        to understand
    わ(かる) wa(karu)                                                       気分がよいです kibun ga yoi desu – I
                                                                         am feeling good
                                                                         分かりました wakarimashita – I
                                                                         understand
    ガク gaku / カク kaku   learning, science, to                            科学 ka gaku – science
学   まな(ぶ) mana(bu)      learn                                            中学校 chuu gakkou – middle school
                                                                         数学 suu gaku - math
    コウ kou              school                                           学校 gakkou – school
校                                                                        高校 koukou – senior high school
                                                                         校内 kou nai – within the school grounds
    セイ sei              birth, life, to give                             学生 gaku sei – a student
生   ショウ shou            birth, to live                                   一生 isshou – all life, a lifetime
    い(きる) i(kiru)                                                        人生 jin sei – (human) life
    う(まれる) u(mareru)                                                     先生 sen sei – teacher, master, doctor
    デン den / テン ten     electric, electricity                            電気 denki – electricity
電   いなずま inazuma                                                         電池 denchi – battery
                                                                         電車 densha – train (electric car)
                                           電話 denwa - telephone

    キ ki              spirit, intention,   空気 kuu ki – air, atmosphere
気   ケ ke              mind,                元気 genki – healthy, full of spirit
    いき iki                                 人気 nin ki - popularity
                      power, energy
    シャ sha            car, vehicle         自転車 jitensha – bicycle
車   くるま kuruma                             自動車 jidousha - car
                                           救急車 kyuukyuusha – ambulance
                                           電車 densha - train
    コク koku           country, a nation    韓国 kan koku – Korea
国   くに kuni                                外国 gai koku – foreign country
                                           中国 chuu goku - China
    エン en             yen, a circle        千円 sen en – 1000 yen
円   まる(い) maru(i)                          円高 en daka – a high yen rate
                                           円を書く en o kaku – to draw a circle
    サン san / ザン zan   mountain             火山 ka zan – a volcano (fire mountain)
山   やま yama                                富士山 Fujisan – Mt. Fuji
                                           ごみの山 gomi no yama – a mountain of
                                           garbage
                                           山下さん yamashita-san – Mr. Yamashita
    セン sen            river, stream        川田さん kawada-san – Mr. Kawada
川   かわ kawa
    ハク haku           white                白鳥 hakuchou – Swan (white bird)
白   しろ(い) shiro(i)                         白い shiroi – white
                                           白蟻 shiro ari – termite (white ant)
    テン ten          heaven, the sky   天井 tenjou – ceiling
天   あま ama                            天気 tenki – weather
    あめ ame                            天国 ten goku – heaven, paradise
                                      天才 ten sai – genius
                                      明日の ことを 言えば 天井で ね
                                      ずみが 笑う asu no koto o ieba tenjou
                                      de nezumi ga warau – If you talk about
                                      tomorrow the mouse in the ceiling laughs
                                      (proverb)
    ウu              rain              雤水 ama mizu – rain water
雤   あめ ame                            大雤 oo ame – heavy rain
    あま ama                            小雤 ko same – light rain
    ショ sho          book, document    書く kaku – to write
書   か(く) ka(ku)                       青く書く aoku kaku – to write in blue
                                      図書館 toshoukan – library
                                      聖書 seisho – bible (holy book)
                                      辞書 jisho - dictionary
    ケン ken          to see, to show   見る miru – to see
見   み(る) mi(ru)                       花見 hana mi – flower viewing
    み(える) mi(eru)                     見える mieru – to be able to see, visible
                                      意見 iken - opinion
    コウ kou          to go             行きましょう ikimashou – let‟s go
行   ギョウ gyou                          銀行 ginkou – bank
    い(く) i(ku) /                      旅行 ryokou – a trip, travel
    ゆ(く) yu(ku)
    シュツ shutsu          to go out, leave                                  出口 de guchi – exit
出   だ(す) da(su), で(る)                                                     思い出す omoi dasu – to remember, to
    de(ru)                                                                recollect
                                                                          出来る dekiru – be able to do
                                                                          出かける dekakeru – goes, comes out

    ニュウ nyuu            enter, to go in, to                               中入り naka iri – intermission (of a play)
入   はい(る) hai(ru)       insert                                            入り口 iri guchi – entrance
    い(る) i(ru) /                                                          手に入れる te ni ireru – to obtain, to get
    い(れる) i(reru)                                                         one‟s hands on
                                                                          入院 nyuuin - hospitalisation
    ワ wa                a talk, topic, a story                            英会話 ei kai wa – English conversation
話   はなし hanashi                                                           (class)
    はな(す) hana(su)                                                        昔話 mukashi banashi – an old tale,
                                                                          legend
                                                                          手話 shu wa – sign language (hand talk)
    ブン bun              to hear, listen, ask     the ear is between the   新聞 shinbun – newspaper
聞   モン mon                                       gate and you use your    聞いてください kiite kudasai – please
    き(く) ki(ku)                                  ear to listen.           listen
    き(こえる) ki(koeru)
    ジキ jiki             eating, a meal, food                              食べ物 tabemono – food
食   ショク shoku                                                             食べる taberu – to eat
    く(う) ku(u)                                                            食べたい tabetai – I want to eat
    た(べる) ta(beru)                                                        食事 shokuji – a meal
    ドク doku             to read                                           読みやすい yomi yasui – easy to read
読   よ(む) yo(mu)                                                           読書 dokusho – reading (read
                                                                       book/document)
                                                                       読んでください yonde kudasai – please
                                                                       read

    ライ rai           to come                                           未来 mi rai – the future (not yet come)
来   く(る) ku(ru) /                                                      来週 rai shuu – next week
    きた(る) kita(ru)                                                     来月 rai getsu – next month
                                                                       出来る dekiru – to be able to do
    デン den           rice field             looks like a rice field,   田中さん tanaka-san – Mr. Tanaka
田   た ta / だ da                             in four parts.             山田さん yamada-san – Mr. Yamada
                                                                       水田 suiden – rice field
                                                                       田舎 inaka – countryside, rural area,
                                                                       hometown
    モン mon           a gate                 looks like a gate.         門 mon – a gate
門                                                                      専門 senmon – speciality
    コウ kou           a mouth,               looks like a mouth.        人口 jinkou – population
口   くち kuchi /                                                         出口 de guchi – exit
    ぐち guchi         an exit, an entrance                              入り口 iri guchi – entrance
    シ shi            private                                           私立大学 shiritsu daigaku – private
私   わたし watashi /                                                      university
    わたくし watakushi                                                     仮面ライダーは 私です ka men raida-
                                                                       wa watashi desu – I am the Masked Rider.
    リョク ryoku        power                                             水力 sui ryoku – water power
力   リキ riki                                                            火力 ka ryoku – fire power
    ちから chikara                                                        力学 riki gaku – dynamics
                                                                       協力 kyouryoku - cooperation
                                                                      夢の力 yume no chikara – The power of
                                                                      dreams.
    なに nani /     what ?                                              何人 nan nin – how many people?
何   なん nan                                                            何ですか nan desu ka – what is it?
    タイ tai        body,                   a man‟s origin is his       体力 tai ryoku – physical strength
体   からだ karada                            body.                       体育 tai iku – physical education (P.E.)
                  object                                              体 karada – a body
                                                                      肉体疲労 niku tai hi rou – be exhausted
                                                                      (body)
                                                                      体育館 tai iku kan – a gym
                                                                      後で体育館の 後ろで会いましょう
                                                                      ato de taiikukan no ushiro de aimashou –
                                                                      Later, let‟s meet behind the gym.
                                                                      頭の体操 atama no tai sou – exercising
                                                                      the mind
    コウ kou        love, like, favourite   a mother loves a child.     魚は好きです sakana wa suki desu – I
好   す(き) su(ki)                                                       like fish
                                                                      好物 koubutsu – one‟s favourite food
    リン rin        wood, grove             two trees make a wood       林業 ringyou – forestry
林   はやし hayashi                                                       林 hayashi – a wood
                                                                      小林さん kobayashi-san – Mr. Kobayashi
    シン shin       forest, jungle          three trees make a          森田さん morita-san – Mr. Morita
森   もり mori                               forest                      森林 shinrin – Woods and forests
    はたけ hatake    cultivated field        fire + rice field = burnt   畑 hatake – a cultivated field
畑   はた hata                               (cultivated) field.         田畑 ta hata – fields of rice and crops
                                                                      花畑 hana batake – a flower garden
    ガン gan           rock         a stone by a mountain     岩田さん iwata-san – Mr. Iwata
岩   いわ iwa                        is a rock.                岩石 ganseki – rocks and stones
                                                            火山岩 ka zan gan – volcanic rock
    モク moku          eye,         looks like an eye         目上 me ue – one‟s superiors
目   め me                          (vertically).             目下 me shita – one‟s inferiors
                     item                                   目 me – an eye
                                                            目次 moku ji – table of contents
                                                            目的 moku teki – a purpose
    ジ ji             ear          could be an ear (use      はつ 耳です hatsu mimi desu – “That‟s
耳   みみ mimi                       your imagination).        the first time I‟ve heard of that”
    シュ shu           hand         looks like a hand         歌手 ka shu – a singer
手   て te                                                    上手な jouzu-na – skillful, good at
                                                            下手な heta-na – unskilled, not good at
                                                            手紙 tegami – letter
                                                            切手 kitte – stamp
                                                            助手 joshu – an assistant (lit. help hand)
    ソク soku          leg, pair,   looks like a man with a   足りる tariru – to be enough
足   あし ashi                       very long leg.            足す tasu – to add
    た(りる) ta(riru)   suffice                                二足 ni soku – two pairs
                                                            不足 fu soku – a shortage
    チク chiku         bamboo       two bamboo sticks.        竹田さん Takeda-san – Mr. Takeda
竹   たけ take                                                 竹の子 take no ko – a bamboo shoot
    マイ mai           rice,                                  米国 bei koku – America
米   ベイ bei                                                  北米 hoku bei – North America
    ごめ gome          America                                南米 nan bei – South America
                                                            中米 chuu bei – Central America
    かい kai    shellfish           looks like a crustacean     貝殻 kaigara – a shell
貝                                 (big shell, little legs).   真珠貝 shinjugai – pearl oyster
    セキ seki   stone               a stone (square) is in      石川さん Ishikawa-san – Mr. Ishikawa
石   いし ishi                       the picture.                石や seki-ya – petroleum
                                                              化石 ka seki – a fossil
    カ ka      flower                                          花 hana - a flower
花   はな hana                                                   花火 hanabi - fireworks
                                                              花びん kabin - a vase
    チャ cha    tea                                             茶 cha - tea
茶   サ sa                                                      日本茶 Nihon cha - green tea
                                                              紅茶 koucha - black tea
                                                              喫茶店 kissaten - a coffee shop
                                                              茶色 chairo – brown (tea colour)
    ニク niku   flesh, meat         hangars at an abattoir      鳥肉 tori niku - Chicken
肉                                 for meat.                   牛肉 gyuu niku – Beef
                                                              魚肉 gyo niku – fish meat
                                                              肉体 niku tai – Body
    ブン bun    pattern,            a man crossing his legs     文 bun - a sentence
文   モン mon                        reading a book              文学 bun gaku – literature
    ふみ fumi   letter, sentence,   (containing a sentence)
                                                              文字 moji – letter or character
              literature
                                                              文化 bunka - culture
                                                              文部科学省 mon bu ka gaku shou -
                                                              Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports,
                                                              Science, and Technology
                                                              この文章の 構造が どうなっている
                                                              か 分かりますか kono bun shou no
                                                                   kou zou ga dou natte iru ka wakarimasu
                                                                   ka – Do you understand the structure of
                                                                   this sentence?
    ジ ji       letter, character         letters are associated    字 ji - a letter or character
字                                        with learning, and this   文字 mo ji / mon ji - a letter
                                         looks like gaku.          漢字 kanji - kanji
                                                                   数字 suuji - a number
    ブツ butsu   a thing, matter, object                             買い物 kaimono – shopping
物   モツ motsu   (non-human)                                         品物 shinamono - goods
    もの mono                                                        生物 sei butsu – a living creature
                                                                   荷物 ni motsu – baggage
                                                                   物語 mono gatari – a story, tale, legend
                                                                   飲み物 nomimono – a drink
                                                                   好物 kou butsu – favourite
                                                                   動物 dou butsu – animal
                                                                   果物の 中で 何が 一番好きですか
                                                                   kudamono no naka de nani ga ichiban suki
                                                                   desu ka – Among all fruit which do you
                                                                   like best?
    ギュウ gyuu   cattle, cow, bull, ox     a bull with one horn.     子牛 ko ushi – a calf (child cattle)
牛   うし ushi                                                        牛乳 gyuu nyuu – cow‟s milk
    バ ba       horse                     a galloping horse.        馬車 ba sha – a carriage
馬   うま uma                                                         馬力 ba riki – horsepower
                                                                   馬肉 ba niku – horse meat
    チョウ chou   bird                      the kanji for white 白     焼き鳥 yaki tori – roast chicken
鳥   とり tori                              (shiro(i)) is included    白鳥 haku chou – a swan
                                         making this a white
                             bird.                       野鳥 ya chou – wild bird
                                                         南から鳥が飛んできました minami
                                                         kara tori ga tonde kimashita – The birds
                                                         came from the south.
                                                         一石 二鳥 isseki nichou – two
                                                         birds with one stone
    ギョ go         fish       a fish is caught by a       魚や sakana-ya – fish shop
魚   さかな sakana               hook                        焼き魚 ya ki zakana – grilled fish
                                                         金魚 kingyo – goldfish
    ひつじ hitsuji   sheep
羊
    さる saru       monkey
猿
    ねこ neko       cat        the rice field looks like   猫の子 neko no ko – kitten
猫                            a mat. The cat sat on
                             the mat!
    ケイ kei        dog                                    子犬を飼った ko inu o katta – I got a
犬   いぬ inu                                               puppy (katta used to mean „raise‟).
    ぶた buta       pig
豚
    ぞう zou        elephant   two big (square) ears
象                            and a curved trunk
                             make an elephant.
-i Adjectives
Kanji + i

  KANJI         READING              MEANINGS        REASONING FOR       EXAMPLES
                On-yomi / Kun-yomi                   MEANING
                コ ko                 old             churches are old.   古い furui – old
  古い            ふる(い) furu(i)                                            古くない furukunai – not old
                                                                         古かった furukatta – was old
                                                                         古くなかった furukunakatta – was not
                                                                         old

                                                                         古くなります furuku narimasu –
                                                                         becomes old (adverb)
                                                                         古くて安い furukute yasui – old and
                                                                         cheap (combining adjectives)

                                                                         古い本 furui hon – an old book
                                                                         古本 furu hon – a used book
                                                                         中古車 chuu ko sha – a second hand car

                チョウ chou             long,                               長い nagai – long
  長い            なが(い) naga(i)                                            長男 chou nan – the eldest son
                                     eldest, chief                       学長 gaku chou – a (university / school)
                                                                         president
                                                                         校長先生 kou chou sensei – principal,
                                                                 headmaster (leader of teachers)
                                                                 社長 sha chou – Company president
                                                                 長い道 nagai michi – a long road
     タン tan              short (distance)                        短い mijikai – short
短い   みじか(い) mijika(i)                                            短時間 tan jikan – a short time
                                                                 短大 tan dai – a junior college
     コウ kou              tall / Expensive   looks like a tall    高校 kou kou – a high school
高い   たか(い) taka(i)                          building.            高速 kou soku – high speed
                                                                 高橋 Takahashi – Japanese surname
     アン an               cheap, safe        a woman inside a     安売り (yasu u) ri – a bargain sale
安い   やす(い) yasu(i)                          building is cheap?   安心 する an shin suru – to be relieved
                                                                 安全な anzen na - safe
     テイ tei              low (height)                            低温 tei on – low temperature
低い   ひく(い) hiku(i)                                               低下 する tei ka suru – to fall down, to
                                                                 go down
     アン an               dark, gloomy,                           暗い kurai – dark
暗い   くら(い) kura(i)       depressing                              暗室 an shitsu – a dark room
     タta                 many, much                              多尐 ta shou – more or less
多い   おお(い) ooi()                                                 多数 ta suu – a large number
     ジュウ juu             heavy                                   重い omoi – heavy
重い   チョウ chou                                                    重くない omokunai – not heavy
     おも(い) omoi                                                  重かった omokatta – was heavy
     えe                                                          重くなかった omokunakatta – was not
     かさ(なる) kasa(naru)                                           heavy
     かさ(ねる) kasa(neru)
                                                                 貴重 ki chou – precious, valuable
                                                                   重点 juu ten – important point

     かる(い) karu(i)        light, easy
軽い
     キン kin               near, early                              近郊 kinkou – suburbs, outskirts
近い   ちか(い) chika(i)                                                近所 kinjo - neighbourhood (near place)
                                                                   近状 kinjou – recent condition
                                                                   最近 saikin – recently, latest, newest
                                                                   最近天気が悪い saikin tenki ga warui –
                                                                   Lately the weather has been bad.
                                                                   最近、台風が 多いです saikin, taifuu
                                                                   ga ooi desu – Lately, there have been
                                                                   many typhoons.
     とお(い) too(i)         far
遠い
     アク aku               bad, evil     looks like an anchor on    最悪 sai aku – worst case, the worst
悪い   わる(い) waru(i)                      top of the Kanji for       悪魔 akuma – devil, demon
                                        heart. When you do         罪悪 zai aku – crime, sin
                                        something bad it
                                                                   最近天気が悪い saikin tenki ga warui –
                                        should weigh on your
                                                                   lately the weather has been terrible.
                                        heart (feel bad).
     ソウ sou            fast, early      looks like a stick man     早起き haya oki – early riser, getting up
早い   はや(い) haya(i)                      and a stick man is fast.   early
     はや(まる) haya(maru)                                             早速 sassoku – immediately, at once
     はや(める) haya(meru)                                             早咲き haya saki – early blooming
                                                                   この浅い湾で、潮が 早く差す kono
                                                                   asai wan de, shio ga hayaku sasu – In this
                                                                shallow bay, the tide comes up quickly.
                                                                早める hayameru – to hasten, bring
                                                                forward (not accelerate – 速める)
      メイ mei            bright, lively,   sun + moon = bright   明るい aka(rui) – bright, cheerful
明るい   ミョウ myou          cheerful                                明らか(な) akiraka(na) - obvious
      あか(るい) aka(rui)                                           明ける a(keru) to break (to dawn)
      あ(ける) a(keru)                                             説明 setsumei – explanation
                                                                明治時代 mei ji ji dai – Meji era
                                                                文明 bun mei – civilization
                                                                明細 mei sai – particulars, details,
                                                                specifics
-shii
Kanji + shii

               シン shin             new                                  新しい atarashii – new
  新しい          あたら(しい)                                                  新しくない atarashikunai – not new
               atara(shii)                                              新しかった atarashikatta – was new
                                                                        新しくなかった atarashikunakatta – was
                                                                        not new

                                                                        新しく買います atarashiku kaimasu –
                                                                        newly buy (adverb)
                                                                        新しくて高い atarashikute takai – new
                                                                        and expensive (combining adjectives)

                                                                        新しくなかった車 atarashikunakatta
                                                                        kuruma – it was not a new car

                                                                        新聞 shinbun – newspaper
                                                                        新年 shin nen – a new year
               ガク gaku             enjoyment   looks like a             楽しみます tanoshimimasu – to enjoy
  楽しい          ラク raku                         microphone on a stage    音楽 ongaku – music
               たの(しい) tano(shii)               that someone has         快楽 kairaku - pleasure
                                               enjoyed singing in to.
               たの(しむ)                                                   快楽主義 kairaku shu gi - Hedonism
               tano(shimu)                                              快楽しか 求めない人も居る kairaku
                                                                        shika motomenai hito mo iru – there are
                                                                        people who seek only pleasure.
      セイ sei              correct, right, justice   if you stop 止 to think     正義 seigi – justice, righteousness
正しい   ショウ shou                                      about it you will get it   正月 shou gatsu – new year
      ただ(しい) tada(shii)                             right                      改正 kai sei – revision; amendment
      ただ(す) tadasu                                                             正解 sei kai – correct (answer)
      まさ masa                                                                  公正 kou sei – fairness, impartiality
                                                                               更正 kou sei – correction, revision
                                                                               正座 sei za – sit (or squat) straight
                                                                               正しかった です か tadashikatta
                                                                               desu ka – Was that correct?
      うつく(しい)             beautiful
美しい   utsuku(shii)
      いそが(しい)             busy                                                 毎日 忙しい です mai nichi isogashii
忙しい   isoga(shii)                                                              desu – Every day I am busy
      すばら(しい)             wonderful, superb
素晴ら   subara(shii)

しい
-na Adjectives
Kanji + na

                 しずか(な) shizukana    quiet           静かな 公園 です ね shizukana
  静かな                                                kouen desu ne – It is a quiet park isn‟t it?
                 おだやか(な)             calm            あの 人は 穏やか です ano hito wa
  穏やか            odayaka(na)                         odayaka desu – That person is calm

  な
                 まっくら(な)                             真っ暗な makkura(na) – pitch black
  真っ暗            makkura(na)                         真っ黒 makkuro(na) – jet black

  な
                 ビ bi                faint, vague,   微光写真 bikou shashin – low-light
  微かな            かすか(な) kasuka(na)   microscopic     photography
                 みょうな myou(na)       strange         妙に myouni – strangely...
  妙な
                 かんたんな kantan(na) simplistic         試験は 簡単でした shiken wa kantan
  簡単な                                                deshita – The test was easy (simple)
More Adjectives
Kanji + others

                  ショウ shou         few, little   Kanji for small (chiisai) 尐し sukoshi – a little, a few
  尐ない             すく(ない) sukunai                 is in this kanji character 尐年 shou nen – a boy
                  すこ(し) sukoshi                  (few, little).             尐女 shou jo – a girl
  尐し
JLPT Level 3 Kanji
               しん shin          heart, mind,            the long line is the heart    安心 an shin – relief, peace of mind
  心            こころ kokoro                               and the short lines are the
                                (relating to) emotion   blooooooood.
               カイkai / エ e      turn                    any way you turn it, it is    遠回り too mawari – detour
  回            まわ(る) mawa(ru)                           still a square in a square.
               まわ(す) mawa(su)
               セイ sei           blue                                                  青空 ao zora – blue skies
  青            ショウ shou                                                               青森県 aomori ken – Aomori Prefecture
               あお(い) ao(i)                                                            (northern Japan)
                                                                                      青色 ao iro – blue colour
               セキ seki          red                     the Kanji for earth is        赤道 seki dou – equator
  赤            シャク shaku                                above, and underneath is      赤字 aka ji – deficit, go in the red, red
               あか(い) aka(i)                             the red fiery lava rising     letters
                                                        up                            赤ちゃん aka chan – baby, infant
                                                                                      今月は赤字です kon getsu wa akaji desu
                                                                                      – this month we are in the red
               シュウ shuu         autumn, fall (season)   in the fall leaves have the   秋ぶんの ひ shuu bun no hi – autumn
  秋            あき aki                                   colour of fire.               equinox holiday (September)
                                                                                      秋ば しょ aki ba sho – autumn sumo
                                                                                      tournament
               カイ kai           to open                 through an open door we       ドアを開けて ください doa o akete
  開            あ(ける) a(keru)                            can see a Shinto gate in      kudasai – please open the door
                                                        the distance.                 全開 zen kai – full throttle, all the way
                                                                                      開港 kai kou – open port, treaty port
                                                                             再開 sai kai – re-opening, resumption

    チョウ chou            morning, dawn           a car driving the moon       朝日新聞 Asahi shinbun – Asashi
朝   あさ asa                                      away (morning)               newspaper
                                                                             朝刊 Chou kan – Morning edition (of a
                                                                             newspaper)
                                                                             朝ごはん asa gohan – breakfast
                                                                             毎朝 会社に 自転車で 行きます
                                                                             mai asa kaisha ni jitensha de ikimasu –
                                                                             Every morning I go to the office by
                                                                             bicycle
    ミ mi                taste, experience       open your mouth to taste     趣味 shumi - hobby
味   あじ aji                                      a tree top                   意味 imi – meaning
    あじ(わう) aji(wau)                                                          味見 aji mi – taste testing
                                                                             隠し味 kakushi aji – hidden taste
    シュウ shuu            to collect, to gather   my aerial is on top of the   編集 hen shuu – editing (newspaper,
集   あつ(まる) atsu(maru)                           tree (gathering signals)     book)
                                                                             採集 sai shuu – collecting, gathering
    ケイ kei              older brother           the top part looks like an   兄弟 kyou dai – brothers
兄   キョウ kyou                                    eye. big brother is
    あに ani                                      watching you!
    シ shi               older sister            my older sister 市(ichi)      姉妹 shi mai - sisters
姉   あね ane                                      works at the market          姉妹都市 shi mai to shi – sister cities
    ホ ho                to walk, to step        the top part is to stop 止  一歩一歩 ippo ippo – step by step, little
歩   フ fu                                        (tomeru) and the bottom    by little
    ある(く) aru(ku)                               is little 尐(し), so when    散歩 sanpo - walking
                                                you walk a little you have
    あゆ(む) ayu(mu)                        to stop a little also.      一歩一歩日本語を勉強してください
                                                                     ippo ippo nihongo o benkyou shite
                                                                     kudasai – please study Japanese little by
                                                                     little.
    ユウ yuu          to have, to exist    you have a month 月          固有 ko yuu – characteristic, inborn
有   あ(る) ar(u)      (inanimate object)   (getsu) to do something     有効 yuu kou – effective, valid
                                                                     有罪 yuu zai – guilt, guiliness
                                                                     有名(な) yuumei(na) – famous
    イi              to heal, to cure     a person lying in bed       医者 isha – doctor
医                                        with a bandage being        歯科医 shikai – dentist
                                         healed.                     医師 ishi – doctor, surgeon
    イi              mind, heart,         your mind and heart         注意 chuui – attention, caution
意                                        (bottom) are standing to    意見 iken – opinion, view
                    attention            attention (top part looks   意味 imi – meaning
                                         like legs standing).
                                                                     意識 ishiki – consciousness, awareness
                                                                     用意 youi – preparation
                                                                     厚意 koui – kindness (better to use 好意 –
                                                                     same spelling different Kanji)
                                                                     殺意 satsui – intent to kill
                                                                     危ないから、注意してください abunai
                                                                     kara, chuui shite kudasai – since it is
                                                                     dangerous, please be careful.
                                                                     山田さんの 意見に 全く賛成だ
                                                                     Yamada-san no iken ni mattaku sansei da
                                                                     – I am in complete agreement with Mr.
                                                                     Yamada.
    イi              more, with, through,                                以上 ijou – more than or at least
以                   on account of                                       以下 ika – less than or at most
                                                                        以外 igai – except, outside of
                                                                        以降 ikou – on and after, hereafter,
                                                                        thereafter
                                                                        月曜日以外、毎日勉強します
                                                                        getsuyoubi igai, mainichi benkyou
                                                                        shimasu – except for Monday, I study
                                                                        everyday.
    カ ka            house                  the top part is a roof,      家族 ka zoku - Family
家   ケ ke                                   while the bottom is a pig.
                                                                        借家 shaku ya – rental, rented house
    いえ ie                                  You keep pigs at home.
                                                                        恐妻家 kyou sai ka – a henpecked
    うち uchi                                                             husband
                                                                        家財 ka zai – houshold effects (goods)
                                                                        古い家に住んでいます furui ie ni sunde
                                                                        imasu – I live in an old house.
                                                                        借家を探しています shakuya o
                                                                        sagashite imasu – I am looking for a place
                                                                        to rent.
                                                                        ほとんどの作家は批評に敏感である
                                                                        hotondo no sakka wa hihyou ni binkan de
                                                                        aru – Most writers are sensitive to
                                                                        criticism.
    キュウ kyuu        to hurry               fish are always in a hurry   急行 kyuukou – Express Train
急   いそ(ぐ) iso(gu)                          because their hearts 心       急(な) kyuu(na) - sudden
                                           (kokoro) beat too fast.
    マイ mai          younger sister         little girls (younger         姉妹 shimai – sisters
妹   いもうとimouto                             sister) like to play          姉妹都市 shimai to shi – sister cities
                                           outside, hence the tree.
    ショク shoku       colour                 fishing hooks are             青色 ao iro – blue colour
色   シキ shiki                               colourful to attract fish.    灰色 hai iro – grey colour
    いろ iro                                                               黄緑色 kimadori iro – yellow-green (pea-
                                                                         green)
                                                                         黄色 ki iro – yellow
                                                                         茶色 chairo – brown (tea colour)
    オン on           sound                  if you stand on the sun       音読み on yomi – the „Chinese‟ reading
音   イン in                                  you will make a lot of        of a Kanji (by sound)
    おと oto                                 sound.                        音階 on kai – Musical scale
    ね ne                                                                 雑音 zatsu on – noise, jamming,
                                                                         interference, grating
    イン in           member, official       an official is just a shell   委員 i in – committee member
員                                          with a mouth.                 職員 shoku in – staff
    イン in           institution, academy                                 参議院 san gi in – House of Councilors
院                                                                        病院 byouin – hospital
    ドウ dou          to move                car plus power = moving.      移動 i dou – move, transfer
動   うご(く) ugo(ku)                                                        動物 dou butsu – animal
                                                                         動物園 dou butsu en – zoo
                                                                         活動 katsu dou – action, activity
                                                                         私には政治活動に従事する暇はない –
                                                                         watashi ni wa seijikatsudou ni juujisuru
                                                                         hima wa nai – I don‟t have time to get
                                                                         involved in political activity.
    カ ka             a song, to sing         a person on the right         短歌 tan ka – Tanka poem (a 31 syllable
歌   うた uta                                   singing into karaoke          Japanese poem)
    うた(う) uta(u)                             boxes on the left.
    シャ sha           to copy, to take (a     someone is moving the         写真 shashin – photograph, picture
写   うつす utsu(su)     photo)                  camera to take a photo of
                                             the number „5‟.
    エイ ei            to be reflected, to     Final Fantasy – person is     今度映画を見に行きませんか kondo
映   うつ(す) utsu(su)   project onto a screen   casting Reflect in front of   eiga o mi ni ikimasen ka – next time, why
    うつ(る) utsu(ru)                           them.                         don‟t we (go and see) a movie?
                                                                           今度映画を見ましょう kondo eiga o
                                                                           mimashou – next time, let‟s see a movie.
    カイ kai           sea, ocean              the three marks on the        北海道 hokkaidou – Hokkaido (northern
海   うみ umi                                   left mean „water‟ and the     Japanese island)
                                             other symbol means            海外 kai gai - overseas, abroad
                                             „every‟. Every water          黄海 kou kai – the Yellow Sea
                                             comes from the ocean.
                                                                           公海 kou kai – the high seas, international
                                                                           waters
                                                                           航海 kou kai – voyage, ocean navigation
                                                                           紅海 kou kai – the Red Sea
    バイ bai           sale, to sell           looks like a man standing     読売新聞 yomi uri shinbun – Yomiuri
売   う(る) u(ru)                               behind a counter in his       Newspaper
    う(り) u(ri)                               shop, selling.
    ウン un            carry,                  a man carrying a car          運河 un ga – canal
運   はに(ぶ) hani(bu)                           home that he has won          運命 un mei – fate, destiny
                     luck                    (because he is lucky).        安全運転 an zen unten – safe driving
                                                                           幸運 kou un – good fortune, good luck
                                                                           重いので、運べない omoi node,
                                                                    hakobenai – since it is heavy, I can‟t lift it.

    エイ ei           England, English,   the top part of the Kanji   英会話 ei kai wa – English conversation
英   ヨウ you                              is grass (tea) which the    石英 seki ei – quartz (grand stone)
    はなぶさ hanabusa   grand               English drink a lot of.     英訳 ei yaku – English translation
                                                                    英雄的 ei yuu teki – heroic
                                                                    四年生は まだ英語が 分からない
                                                                    yon nen sei wa mada eigo ga wakaranai –
                                                                    4th graders don‟t understand English yet.
                                                                    彼は英語教師としての 資格がある
                                                                    kare wa eigo kyoushi toshite no shikaku
                                                                    ga aru – He is qualified as an English
                                                                    teacher.
    シュウ shuu        end, finish         Winter is the ending        最終 sai shuu – last, final
終   シュ shu                              thread of the year.         終電 shuu den – last train (for the night)
    お(わる) o(waru)                                                   終了 shuu ryou – end, termination
    お(える) o(eru)                                                    この番組が 終わったら、寝ましょう
                                                                    kono bangumi ga owattara, nemashou –
                                                                    after this (TV) program ends, let‟s go to
                                                                    sleep.
                                                                    トランスフォーマーズを 見終わった
                                                                    ら、会社に 持って来ます toransufo-
                                                                    ma-zu o mi owattara, kaisha ni motte
                                                                    kimasu – When I have finished watching
                                                                    Transformers I will bring [it] to the office
    キ ki            get up, wake up     running at 2 in the         早起き haya oki – early riser, getting up
起   コ ko                                morning makes you wake      early
    お(きる) o(kuru)                          up                        一念発起 ichi nen hokki – to be resolved
    お(こす) o(kosu)                                                    to do something
    お(こる) o(koru)                                                    朝の六時に 起きました asa no roku ji
                                                                     ni okimashita – I woke up at 6 this
                                                                     morning.
    オク oku             roof, house, shop   a roof starts from the    本屋 hon-ya – book shop
屋   や ya                                   ground up                 部屋 heya – room (in a house)
                                                                     靴屋 kutsu-ya – shoe shop
                                                                     屋根 ya ne – roof
    ソウ sou             send                Mr. Yen is running away 衛星放送 ei sei hou sou – satellite
送   ス su                                   (people sending money)    broadcasting
    おく(る) oku(ru)                                                    生放送 nama hou sou – live broadcast
                                                                     (radio, TV)
                                                                     送金 sou kin – sending (transferring)
                                                                     money
                                                                     再放送 sai hou sou – rebroadcasting
                                                                     送料込み sou ryou komi – shipping
                                                                     (charges) included
    キョウ kyou           teach, education,   child gets smacked by the 教会 kyou kai – church
教   おし(える) oshi(eru)                       adult (teaching)          キリスト教 kirisuto kyou – Christianity
    おそ(わる) oso(waru)   faith                                         宗教 shuu kyou – religion
                                                                     教育 kyou iku – education
                                                                     教科書 kyou ka sho – textbook
                                                                     教材 kyou zai – teaching materials (aids)
                                                                     教師 kyou shi – teacher, instructor
                                                                     新しい住所を 教えてください
                                                                     atarashii juusho o oshiete kudasai – Please
                                                                          tell (teach) me your new address.
                                                                          彼は 英語教師としての 資格がある
                                                                          kare wa eigo kyoushi toshite no shikaku
                                                                          ga aru – He is qualified as an English
                                                                          teacher.
    テイ tei               younger brother      a lot of younger brothers   兄弟 kyou dai - brothers
弟   おとうと otouto                               have a bow and arrows       師弟 shi tei – master and pupil; teacher
                                                                          and student
    ドウ dou               same, agree, equal   when everyone agrees        混同 kon dou – confusion, mixing
同   おな(じ) ona(ji)                             they have one 一 mouth       賛同 san dou – approval, endorsement
                                              口
    シュ shu               Lord, master, the    the Lord is above a king    民主主義 min shu shu gi – democracy
主   ス su                 principal matter     王 (ou)                      快楽主義 kai raku shu gi – Hedonism
    ぬし nushi                                                              主人公 shu jin kou – master, hero,
    おも omo                                                                heroine
                                                                          印象主義 in shou shu gi – impressionism
                                                                          (art)
                                                                          主人 shujin – husband, the owner

    シ shi                think                a lot of thinking can be    七不思議 nana fu shi gi – the seven
思   おも(う) omo(u)                              done in one‟s heart 心       wonders of the world
                                              (kokoro) in a rice field
                                              田 (den)
    シン shin              parent, relative,    being close to someone      父親 chichi oya – father
親   おや oya                                    (relative, familiar)        親指 oya yubi – thumb
    した(しい) shita(shii)   familiar             requires looking closely    アメリカから両親が来ます amerika
                                              at them (miru 見る).          kara ryou shin ga kimasu – My parents are
                                                                    coming from America.
                                                                    立っているもの、親でも使え tatte iru
                                                                    mono, oya demo tsukae – “Whoever is
                                                                    standing, even if a parent, can be used (to
                                                                    get things)” (a traditional saying).
                                                                    彼は両親に よって塾へ 行くことを
                                                                    強制された kare wa ryou shin ni yotte
                                                                    juku e iku koto o kyou sei sareta – His
                                                                    parents forced him to go to a cram school.
    カ ka            Summer              in Summer you get           夏休み natsu yasumi – Summer vacation
夏   なつ natsu                            hundreds 百 of friends 友
    ガ ga            picture             looks like a picture of a  絵画 kai ga – picture, painting
画   かく kaku                             rice field hung up on the  計画 kei kaku – plan
    えがく egaku                           wall.                      画賛 ga san – legend (text) on a picture
                                                                   今度映画を 見に 行きませんか
                                                                   kondo eiga o mini ikimasen ka – Next
                                                                   time, why don‟t we (go and see) a movie?
    カイ kai          world               feed the world using a     界 sakai - world
界   さかい sakai                           rice field 田 (den)         世界 se kai – the world
                                                                   世界一 se kai ichi – the best in the world
    キ ki            return, arrive at   looks like a man           帰国 ki koku – return to one‟s own
帰   かえ(る) kae(ru)                       returning to his home      country
    かえ(す) kae(su)                       (entering the front door). 国へ帰ります kuni e kaerimasu – I am
                                                                   returning to my own country.
    ダイ dai          generation,         a dog with a broken leg is 時代 ji dai - era, the times, generation
代   タイ tai                              behind the times and the   古代 ko dai - ancient times
    か(える) ka(eru)   price,              price to fix it is         明治時代 mei ji ji dai - Meji era
    か(わる) ka(waru)                          expensive.                 時代錯誤 ji dai saku go - anachronism,
    しろ shiro         age,                                              being behind the times
    よ yo                                                               交代 kou tai - take turns, relieve (a
                     exchange, substitute                              person)
                                                                       電話代 denwadai – telephone charge
    フウ fuu           wind, air,             an insect 虫 (mushi) is     最近、台風が 多いです sai kin, taifuu
風   かぜ kaze                                 hiding under a tent        ga ooi desu – lately, there have been many
                     style                  because it is windy.       typhoons.
                                                                       風 kaze – a cold, wind
                                                                       風をじみです kaze o jimi desu – I have a
                                                                       cold.
    カ ka             lend                   kanji for “buy” 買 (kau)    貸す kasu – to lend
貸   か(す) ka(su)                             is paired with
                                            “generation” 代 (dai) to
                                            show money going from
                                            one person to another
                                            (lending).
    ホウ kou           person,                looks like a person        方言 hou gen – dialect
方   かた kata                                 running in a direction.    夕方 yuugata - evening
                     way,                                              方向 hou kou – direction, bearing, course
                                                                       平方根 hei hou kon – square root (math)
                     direction
    シ shi            paper                  paper is made of threads   折り紙 origami – origami (paper folding)
紙   かみ kami                                 糸(ito) of wood             手紙 tegami – letter (lit. hand-paper)
    ツウ tsuu          go through, avenue,                               交通 kou tsuu – traffic; transportation
通   とお(る) too(ru)                                                      この道路は 交通が尐ない kono dou ro
    とお(す) too(su)    traffic                                           wa kou tsuu ga sukunai – Traffic is light
                                                                       on this road.
    かよ(う) kayo(u)

    シャク shaku            borrow, rent        a person (left radical)       借家 shaku-ya – rented, rented house
借   か(りる) ka(riru)                           borrows things during
                                             the day 日 (ni)
    カン kan               China               China is across the
漢                                            ocean, so the three marks
                                             on the left mean „water‟.
    カン kan               palace, building    a government 官 (kan)          図書館 toshokan – library
館   やかた yakata                               building has a place to       体育館 tai iku kan – a gym
                                             eat 食べる (taberu)              後で体育館の 後ろで会いましょう
                                                                           ato de taiikukan no ushiro de aimashou –
                                                                           Later, let‟s meet behind the gym.
    ゲン gen               beginning, origin   it has two legs going         元気 genki – healthy, strong, fine
元   ガン gan                                   back to the beginning         お元気ですか o-genki desu ka – How are
    もと moto                                                                you?
    コウ kou               thought, think,     someone is striking the       参考 san kou - reference, consultation
考   かんが(える) kanga(eru)   consider            ground 土 (do) by
                                             thinking.
    チャク chaku            wear (clothes),     at the top is the character   着る kiru – wear
着   き(る) ki(ru)                              for sheep 羊 and you
                                                                           着く tsuku – to arrive
    き(せる) ki(seru)       arrive              wear clothes made from
                                             wool.                         水着 mizu gi – swim suit, bathing suit
    つ(く) tsu(ku)                                                           上着 uwagi – jacket, coat
    つ(ける) tsu(keru)                                                        到着 touchaku – arrival
    キュウ kyuu             research, study      researching six and nine.     彼は 研究の 対象を 拡大した
究   きわ(める) kiwa(meru)                                                        kare wa kenkyuu no taishou o kakudai
                                                                            shita – He expanded the focus of his
                                                                            research.
    キョ kyo               past, gone,          it is a boat with the sail    去年 kyo nen – last year
去   コ ko                                      going past                    過去 kako – past
    さ(る) sa(ru)          to leave
    キョウ kyou             capital              looks like a tall building,   東京 toukyou - Tokyo
京   ケイ kei                                    like you might see in a
                                                                            京都 kyouto – Kyoto
    みやこ miyako                                capital city.
                                                                         東京は いくつ目の 駅ですか
                                                                         toukyou wa ikutsu me no eki desu ka –
                                                                         How many stations until Tokyo?
    キョウ kyou             strong               a bow on the left, and     勉強 benkyou – study
強   ゴウ gou                                    (looks like) a man‟s face 強制 kyousei – coercion
    つよ(い) tsuyo(i)                            on the right. a strong man 一歩一歩日本語を 勉強してください
                                              can use a bow.
    つよ(まる) tsuyo(maru)                                                   ippo ippo nihongo o benkyou shite
    つよ(める) tsuyo(meru)                                                   kudasai – Please study Japanese little by
    し(いる) shi(iru)                                                       little.

    ギョウ gyou             business, vocation   a big fancy Mr.Yen, and       鉱業 kou gyou – mining (industry)
業   ゴウ gou                                    business gets you lots of     残業 zan gyou – overtime
    わざ waza                                   money.                        卒業 sotsugyou – graduation
    セツ sei               cut, cut off         seven 七 swords 刀 cut          大切 taisetsu – important
切   サイ sai                                    better than one               親切 shinsetsu – kind, helpful
    き(る) ki(ru)                                                             電池が 切れました denchi ga
    き(れる) ki(reru)                                                          kiremashita – The battery is dead.
     ギン gin             silver                    metal on the left, right     銀行 ginkou – bank
銀    しろがね shirogane                               symbol looks kind of like
                                                  a silver spoon
     コウ kou             construction, craft       looks like an I beam for     細工 saiku – work, craftmanship
工    ク ku                                         construction                 工場 koujou – factory, plant
     コク koku            black                     the sun 日 is burning the     白黒 shiro kuro - white and black
黒    くろ(い) kuro(i)                                ground 土 black
     ケイ kei             plan, measure             planning and measuring       目覚まし時計 me zamashi do kei – alarm
計    はか(る) haka(ru)                               takes talk                   clock
     はか(らう) haka(rau)                                                          計画 keikaku – plan
                                                                               計算 keisan – computation, calculation
                                                                               気圧計 kiatsukei – barometer
                                                                               時計 tokei – clock
     ケン ken             study of,                 sharpen your study of        研究 kenkyuu – study, research
研    と(ぐ) to(gu)                                  rocks 石 (ishi)
                        sharpen
     ケン ken             build                     there is a number „3‟ on     再建 sai ken – reconstruction, rebuilding
建    た(つ) ta(tsu)                                 the left, and on the right   建設 ken setsu – construction
     た(てる) ta(teru)                               is part of „book‟. You       そのビルは 未だ 建設中です sono
                                                  need three books to build    biru wa imada kensetsu chuu desu – That
                                                  a house                      building is still under construction.
     ケン ken             testing, test, examine,   looks like a person          試験 shiken – test
験す   ため(す) tame(su)                               standing by a desk (on       試験管 shikenkan – test tube
                        effect                    the left) with a high
                                                                               試験まで 後 一週間 shiken made ato
                                                  board because he is
                                                  taking a test                ishuukan – There is one week before the
                                                                               test.
                                                                               それは まだ 実験段階に あります
                                                                          sore wa mada jikkendankai ni arimasu – It
                                                                          is still in the experimental stage.
    コウ kou              wide, broad, spacious   there is a lot of space   広告 kou koku – advertisement
広   ひろ(い) hiro(i)                               around this kanji         この道は 広いです kono michi wa
    ひろ(がる) hiro(garu)                                                     hiroi desu – This road is wide.
    ひろ(げる) hiro(geru)                                                     知識を 広める chishiki o hiromeru –
    ひろ(まる) hiro(maru)                                                     To widen one‟s knowledge.
    ひろ(める) hiro(meru)
    シ shi               test, try, examine      saying words 言 (iu)       試験 shiken – test, examine
試   ため(す) tame(su)                              during a ceremony 式
    こころ(みる)                                     (shiki) makes an
    kokoro(miru)                                experiment
    トウ tou              answer, solution        “Who designed your T-     忚答     する outou suru – to respond
答   こた(え) kota(e)                               Shirt?” and I answered
    こた(える) kota(eru)                            “Two pidgeons on a
                                                rooftop”!!!
    ジ ji                thing, matter,                                    故事 koji – tradition, historical fact, origin
事   ズ zu                                                                  事故 jiko – accident, trouble
    こと koto             business,                                         自分の 才能を 生かせるような仕事
                                                                          を したい jibun no sainou o ikaseru you
                        fact
                                                                          na shigoto o shitai – I want to do work
                                                                          that will make the most of my abilities.
                                                                          五日 たてば 仕事が 完了するだろ
                                                                          う itsuka tateba shigoto ga kanryou suru
                                                                          darou – We should complete this job in
                                                                          five days.
    テン ten              revolve, turn around   you need space 広い          自転車 jitensha – bicycle
転   ころ(ぶ) koro(bu)                             (hiroi) to turn your car 車 安全 運転 an zen unten – safe driving
    ころ(がす) koro(gasu)                          (kuruma) around            転換 tenkan – convert
    ころ(がる) koro(garu)
    ころ(げる) koro(geru)
    サク saku             make, prepare,         the mark to the left イ    工作 kou saku – handcraft, manoeuvring
作   サ sa                produce                represents a person, so   耕作 kou saku - cultivate, till, plow
    つく(る) tsuku(ru)                            someone who is making     作品 sakuhin – creation, opus
                                               something                 ほとんどの作家は批評に敏感である
                                                                         hotondo no sakka wa hihyou ni binkan de
                                                                         aru – Most writers are sensitive to
                                                                         criticism.

    シ shi               stop                   looks like a road block   立ち入り禁止 tachi iri kin shi - do not
止   と(まる) to(maru)                             which makes you stop      enter
    と(める) to(meru)                                                       喫煙の 習慣を 止めることが でき
    やめる ya(meru)                                                         たらいいね kitsuen no shuukan o
                                                                         yamerukoto ga dekitara ii ne – It‟d be nice
                                                                         if I could kick my smoking habit.
    ジ ji                self, oneself          it is the kanji „me‟目     自分 jibun – oneself, myself
自   シ shi                                      (eye) but with an         自白 jihaku – confession (self + white =
    みずか(ら) mizuka(ra)                          eyebrow which means       “I come clean”)
                                               „Me‟                      自転車 jitensha – bicycle
                                                                         自動車 jidousha - car
                                                                         自首 jishu – surrender, give oneself up
                                                                         自己紹介 ji ko shou kai – self-
                                                                         introduction
                                                                           自殺 jisatsu – suicide
                                                                           自賛 jisan – self-praise
                                                                           自然 shizen – natural
    シ shi               serve,                  work (serve) until you     五日 たてば 仕事が 完了するだろ
仕   つか(える) tsuka(eru)                           die (grave).               う itsuka tateba shigoto ga kanryou suru
                        official,                                          darou – We should complete this job in
                                                                           five days.
                        attend
    シ shi               die, death              it could be two souls      枯死 koshi – withering, dying
死   し(ぬ) shi(nu)                                dead under the land (the   死罪 shizai – capital punishment, capital
                                                line along the top).       offence
    シ shi               beginning, begin,       the woman 女 (onna) on      始めまして hajimemashite – a greeting
始   はじ(まる) haji(maru)   start                   stage 台 began to           (when meeting for the first time)
    はじ(める) haji(meru)                           perform
    シ shi               use                     looks like an old man      大使館 taishikan - embassy
使   つか(う) tsuka(u)                              looking at a stick of      使って も いい です か tsukatte
                                                bamboo and wondering
                                                                           mo ii desu ka – may I use (this)?
                                                how to use it.
                                                                           彼は 高価な 材料を ふんだんに
                                                                           使って 家を建てた kare wa kouka na
                                                                           zairyou o fundan ni tsukatte uchi o tateta –
                                                                           He was lavish in the use of expensive
                                                                           materials in building his house.
    チ chi               ground, soil (in the    contains the kanji for     土地 tochi – ground, soil, area
地   ジ ji                context of the Earth,   ground/soil                地下鉄 chikatetsu - subway
                        Holy place etc)                                    地域 chiiki – local, area, zone, district
                                                                           耕地 kouchi – cultivated land
                                                                           砂地 sunaji – sandy place, sandy terrain
                                                                       地理 chiri - geography

    ジ ji             hold, have          a man in front of a         維持 iji - maintenance
持   も(つ) mo(tsu)                         temple holding              持参 jisan – bringing or taking with one
    も(てる) mo(teru)                       something.                  支持 shiji – support
                                                                     二千円札を 持っています か ni sen
                                                                     en satsu o motte imasu ka – Do you have
                                                                     a 2000 yen bill?
                                                                     DVD を 持っています DVD o motte
                                                                     imasu – I have a DVD.
    シツ shitsu        quality, matter,    two axes chopping into      質問 shitsu mon – question
質   シチ shichi        substance           the shell to see what the   材質 zai shitsu – material properties,
                                         quality is.                 lumber quality
    シツ shitsu        room, chamber       the top part of a room is a 更衣室 kou i shitsu – dressing room
室   むろ muro                              roof                        個室 koshitsu – private room
    ヒン hin           goods, article,     three mouths 口 look like      物品 buppin – goods
品   しな shina                             three boxes (goods)           上品 jouhin – elegant
                     elegance, dignity                                 食料品 shokuryouhin – groceries
                                                                       作品 sakuhin – creation, opus
    シャ sha           someone, person     this kanji represents a       医者 isha – doctor, physician
者   もの mono                              person‟s life. There is the   妻帯者 sai tai sha – a married man
                                         sun (birth) and the
                                         ground (looks like a
                                         grave).
    シュウ shuu         learn, practice     it is a face of someone       練習 renshuu - practice
習   なら(う) nara(u)                        looking troubled because      慣習 kanshuu – usual custom
                                         it is hard to practice        習慣 shuukan – custom, habit, manners
                                          Japanese.                   社会の 慣習は 国に よって異なる
                                                                      shakai no kanshuu wa kuni ni yotte
                                                                      kotonaru – Customs differ depending on
                                                                      the country.
                                                                      その習慣は 日本独特の もの だ
                                                                      sono shuukan wa nihon dokutoku no
                                                                      mono da – That custom is unique to
                                                                      Japan.
    ジュウ juu         live, reside, dwell   you are the lord 主 of the   住所 jusho – address
住   す(まう) su(mau)                         house you live in           三年間 日本に 住みました san nen
    す(む) su(mu)                                                       kan nihon ni sumimashita – I lived in
                                                                      Japan for three years.
                                                                      古い家に 住んでいます furui ie ni
                                                                      sunde imasu – I live in an old house.
                                                                      新しい住所を 教えてください
                                                                      atarashii juusho o oshiete kudasai – Please
                                                                      tell me your new address.
    シュン shun        spring (season)       three 三 people 人 out in     春雤 haru same – Spring Rain
春   はる haru                               the sun 日 in springtime.
    ジョウ jyou        place, location       the earth 土 is a place      駐車場 chuu sha jou – parking lot /
場   チュウ chuu                              under the sun 日             garage
    ば ba                                                              市場 ichi ba - market
                                                                      場合 ba ai – a case, situation
                                                                      ここはいい場所ですね koko wa ii basho
                                                                      desu ne – Isn‟t this a nice place?
                                                                      いつも 駐車場が 混んでいます
                                                                      itsumo chuushajou ga konde imasu –
                                                                      (This) parking lot is always full.
    チ chi            to know, wisedom     the kanji on the left        知識 chishiki – knowledge, learning
知   し(る) shi(ru)                          means arrow 矢 (ya) and       温故知新 on ko chishin – exploring the
                                          the right kanji is a mouth   old (past), one comes to understand the
                                          口 (guchi). wisedom is        new (present)
                                          like an arrow from one‟s     告知 koku chi – notify, announce
                                          mouth.                       彼に だけ知らせないの は 不公平
                                                                       だ kare ni dake shirasenai no wa fukouhei
                                                                       da – It isn‟t fair to leave only him in the
                                                                       dark.
    シン shin          true, reality                                     真実 shin jitsu – truth, reality
真   ま ma                                                               写真 shashin – photograph, picture
                                                                       真っ赤 makka – really red
                                                                       真っ白 masshiro – really white
                                                                       真ん中 mannaka – right in the middle
    ズ zu             map, drawing, plan   X marks the spot on this     図書館 toshokan - library
図   ト to                                  treasure map                 地図 chizu - map
    はか(る) haka(ru)                                                     合図 aizu – sign, signal
                                                                       地図を 見せてください chizu o misete
                                                                       kudasai – Please show me the map
    セイ sei           generation, world,   looks like katakana se       世界一 se kai ichi – the best in the world
世   セ se             society              セ because it (katakana)      世紀 sei ki - century
    よ yo                                  derives from kanji. It is    浮世絵 uki yoe – Ukiyoe (woodblock
                                          the previous generation.     print)
    セキ seki          evening                                           夕方 yuugata - evening
夕   ゆう yuu                                                             夕焼け yuuyake – sunset
    ソウ sou            run                      looks like a man running     本田さんは マラソンを はしりまし
走   はし(る) hashi(ru)                                                         た honda-san wa marason o
                                                                            hashirimashita – Mr.Honda ran a
                                                                            marathon.
    ゾク zoku           family, tribe            on the left is person 方      家族 kazoku – family
族                                              (kata) and on the right      民族 minzoku – tribe
                                               arrow 矢 (ya), so this
                                               represents a person
                                               hunting food for his tribe
                                               (family).
    チュウ chuu          pour, flow into,         the Lord 主 is                注目 chuu moku – attention, notice
注   そそ(ぐ) soso(gu)                             concentrating on the         注意 chuui – careful (concentrate)
                      concentrate              water (kanji on the left).   危ないから、注意してください abunai
                                                                            kara, chuui shite kudasai – Since it is
                                                                            dangerous, please be careful.
    タイ tai            stand, stage, pedestal   looks like someone on a      最近、台風が多いです sai kin, taifuu ga
台   ダイ dai                                     stage shouting into a        ooi desu – Lately, there have been many
                                               microphone (side-on          typhoons.
                                               view)
    タイ tai            wait, depend on          person + time = wait         ちょっと 待って ください chotto
待   ま(つ) ma(tsu)                                                            matte kudasai – please wait a moment
    ダイ dai            topic, subject           a person with a shellfish    飲み放題 nomi hou dai – all you can
題                                              on his leg is a subject of   drink
                                               study                        宿題 shuku dai – homework
                                                                            問題 mondai – problem, issue, question
                                                                            この問題は 難しい kono mondai wa
                                                                            muzukashii – This problem is difficult.
    ド do         degree,                                       今度 kondo – next time, soon
度   タク taku                                                    硬度 koudo – hardness
    たび tabi      time,                                         支度 shitaku – arrangement, preparation
                                                               今度映画を 見ましょう kondo eiga o
                 times occurred
                                                               mimashou – Next time let‟s see a movie.
                                                               制度を 改めた seido o aratameta –
                                                               They changed the system.
    リョ ryo       travel, trip     the top right hand           旅行 ryokou – trip, travel
旅   たび tabi                       horizontal line is an arm    次の 旅行は どこに 行きたい で
                                  passing a ticket to a        す か tsugi no ryokou wa doko ni ikitai
                                  person 方 (kata) for their    desu ka – Where do you want to go for the
                                  trip.                        next trip?
                                                               旅館 ryokan - Japanese-style inn
    チュウ chuu     noon, daytime    the sun 日 is in the          昼休み hiru yasumi – lunch break
昼   ひる hiru                       middle at noon
    チョウ chou     town, village    think of a small town        車で町に行きましょう kuruma de
町   まち machi                      with a T shaped road         machi ni ikimashou – Let‟s go to town by
                                  leading to a rice field      car.
                                                               この町は 見るところが 多いです
                                                               kono machi wa miru tokoro ga ooi desu –
                                                               This town has a lot to see.
    モン mon       question, ask,   you go to the gate 門 and     質問 shitsu mon – question
問   と(い) to(i)   problem          speak with your mouth        この問題は 難しいです kono mondai
    と(う) to(u)                    口 if you have a problem      wa muzukashii desu – This problem is
                                  or need to ask a question.   difficult.
                                                               質問があります shitsumon ga arimasu
                                                               – I have a question.
    トウ tou                winter                think of a cloud dropping    冬眠 tou min – hibernation
冬   ふゆ fuyu                                     two snowflakes in winter
    ドウ dou                hall                  here we see the ground, a    食堂 shokudou – dining hall
堂                                               roof, and in the middle a    任天堂 nintendou – Nintendo. 任
                                                mouth (the hallway)          responsibility/duty, 天 heaven
    トク toku               special               the left symbol looks like   特技 toku gi – special skills
特                                               a cow. A special cow         特急 tokkyuu – special express train
                                                was dontated to the          その習慣は 日本独特の もの だ
                                                temple.                      sono shuukan wa nihon dokutoku no
                                                                             mono da – That custom is unique to
                                                                             Japan.
    ヤ ya                  plains, field         on the other side of a       野球 yakyuu - baseball
野   の no                                        village 里 (sato) there is    長野 nagano – Nagano Prefecture
                                                a field (wilderness)         野菜 yasai - vegetables
                                                                             荒野 kou ya – wilderness, the wilds
    ハツ hatsu / パツ patsu   depart, start from,   it looks like a rocket       一年発起 ichi nen hokki – to be resolved
発                                               departing to the stars       to do something
                          to happen                                          出発 shuppatsu – leave, departure
                                                                             告発 koku hatsu – prosecution, accusation
                                                                             再発 sai hatsu – relapse, recurrence
                                                                             発音 hatsuon - pronounciation
                                                                             発散 hassan – exhalation, emanation,
                                                                             diffusion, radiation, evaporation
                                                                             発売 hatsu bai – released for sale
    ハン han                meal, cooked rice     the left part is to eat 食べ   朝ご飯 asa gohan - breakfast
飯   めし meshi                                    る (taberu), and you can      昼ご飯 hiru gohan – lunch
                                              see an F in there too          晩ご飯 ban gohan – dinner
                                              (people in famine need a
                                              meal)
    ビョウ byou            ill, sick             could be an ill person on      黄熱病 ou netsu byou – yellow fever
病   ヘイ hei                                    a hospital bed (top down       病院 byouin – hospital
    やまい yamai                                 view)                          病気になる byouki ni naru – to become
    や(む) ya(mu)                                                              sick
    フ fu                negative, bad, non-   it‟s bad when your back        七不思議 nana fu shi gi – the seven
不                                             is down and falling apart      wonders
                                                                             不安 fu an – uneasiness, anxiety
                                                                             不幸 fu kou – unhappiness, misfortune
                                                                             不在 fu zai - absence
    フク fuku             clothing,             obey me and wear the           洋服 you fuku – Western-style
服                                             moon as clothing
                                                                             clothes
                        obey
    ベツ betsu            separate, another,    the bottom part is the         特別 toku betsu - special
別   わか(れる) waka(reru)                         kanji for sword 刀 so this      別々に betsu betsu ni – separately
                        specially             kanji separates it from        別荘 bessou – a second house
                                              others                         区別 ku betsu - to make a distinction
                                                                             差別 sa betsu – discrimination
    リョウ ryou            fee,                  the part to the left is rice   給料 kyuu ryou – pay, salary
料                                             米 (bei) which is an            香辛料 kou shin ryou – spices, seasoning
                        materials             essential material to pay      香料 kou ryou – spices, perfumes
                                              for.                           送料込み sou ryou komi – shipping
                                                                             (charges) included
                                                                             材料 zai ryou – material, matter, factor,
                                                                             element
                                                                資料 shi ryou – materials, data

    リ ri     truth, logic, reason   in ancient times the king   地理 chiri - geography
理                                   王(ou) of the village 里      論理 ron ri - logic
                                    (sato) would be the         理論 ri ron - theory
                                    person with the logic and
                                                                理解 ri kai – understanding, comprehend
                                    reason.
                                                                料理 ryouri - cooking
                                                                管理 kan ri – control, management
                                                                彼に 財産管理を 任せた kare ni
                                                                zaisankanri o makaseta – I left the
                                                                management of my property up to him.

    ヨウ you   the west, western-     ever play Worms? water      大西洋 tai sei you – Atlantic Ocean
洋            style,                 + sheep = aquasheep (a      洋服 you fuku – Western-style
                                    western idea from across
             ocean                  the ocean)                  clothes

    ヨウ you   weekday                                            水曜日 sui youbi – Wednesday
曜                                                               何曜日ですか nan youbi desu ka – What
                                                                day (of the week) is it?
                                                                今日は 土曜日です kyou wa doyoubi
                                                                desu – Today is Saturday
                                                                月曜日以外、毎日 勉強します
                                                                getsuyoubi igai, mainichi benkyou
                                                                shimasu – Except for Monday, I study
                                                                everyday.
    ヤ ya                evening, night                                        今夜 kon ya – this evening
夜   よ yo                                                                      昨夜 saku ya – last night
    よる yoru
    ヨウ you              use, service, business   in the service business      用意 you i – prepare, preparations
用   もち(いる) mochi(iru)                            everybody wants the          引用 in you – quotation, citation
                                                 moon on a stick (moon        雇用 ko you – hire, employment
                                                 月 with a line through it)    採用 sai you – adoption, acceptance,
                                                                              employment, appointment
    べん ben              exertion                 it takes power 力             勉強 benkyou – study
勉                                                (chikara) to exert oneself
    クウ kuu              sky, weather,            The number six 六 (roku) 空く suku – to become empty, hungry
空   そら sora                                      is in the sky              空く aku – to become empty (not used for
    す(く)su(ku)          empty                                               hungry)
    あ(く) a(ku)                                                              空 kara – empty
                                                                            空手 karate – empty hand
    カイ kai              meeting, conference,     People gather inside a hut 会社 kaisha – office
会   あ(う) a(u)           gathering                for a meeting              会議 kaigi – meeting
                                                                              会話 kaiwa – conversation
                                                                              教会 kyoukai – Church
                                                                              会う au – to meet
JLPT Level 2 Kanji
               アイ ai             love                   tomo(dachi) 友 is at the    愛知県 aichi ken – Aichi prefecture
  愛            いと(しい) ito(shi)                          bottom and you love your 愛妻弁当 ai sai bentou – lunch box
                                                        friends.                   packed with love by ones wife
                                                                                   愛妻 aisai – someone‟s beloved wife
               アツ atsu           pressure               looks like a jack that you 気圧 ki atsu – atmospheric pressure
  圧                                                     raise a car with, in order 圧巻 akkan – highlight, masterpiece
                                                        to test the pressure of    タイヤの 空気圧を 調べて もらえ
                                                        tires
                                                                                   ます か - taiya no kuukiatsu o shirabete
                                                                                   moraemasu ka – Could you check the tire
                                                                                   pressure?
               アン an             proposal, idea         it was a good idea to put 案内 する annai suru – to show around
  案                                                     the woman on the tree      君の 案を 実行に 移せると 思っ
                                                                                   て いるの か kimi no an o jikkou ni
                                                                                   utsuseru to omotte iru no ka – Do you
                                                                                   think you can put your idea into practice?
               イi                commit, entrust with   a woman is trustworthy     委員 iin – committee member
  委                                                     about her family tree      その問題は 委員会に かけられてい
                                                                                   る sono mondai wa iinkai ni kakerate iru
                                                                                   – The question is before the committee
               イi                stomach                fill your stomach after    仕事が 胃にこたえて きた よ
  胃                                                     the harvest moon           shigoto ga i ni kotaete kita yo – My job is
                                                                                   giving me a stomach-ache
               イi                surround, enclose      you enclose a well 井       雰囲気 funiki – an atmosphere (of a
  囲            かこ(う) kako(u)                            with a wall                place)
               かこ(む) kako(mu)                                                      日本では、あなたは美に よって 囲
                                                                          まれて いる nihon de wa, anata wa bi
                                                                          ni yotte kakomarete iru – In Japan you are
                                                                          surrounded by beauty
    イi               rank, position, about,                               一位 ichi i – first place
位   くらい kurai        approximately                                        その 歌手は マドンナと 同じ 位
                                                                          有名だ sono kashu wa Madonna to onaji
                                                                          kurai yuumei da – That singer is as
                                                                          famous as Madonna.
    イi               clothes, garments        you can see the letters F I 更衣室 kou i shitsu – changing room
衣   ころも koromo                                T in this kanji, and to get その 金が 全て 衣服に 使われた
                                              fit you need gym clothes sono kane ga subete ifuku ni tsukawareta
                                                                          – All the money was spent on clothes.
    イi               transfer, infect, move   with two タ s this kanji is 移動 i dou – move, transfer (something)
移   うつ(す) utsu(su)                            on the move                 君の 案を 実行に 移せると 思っ
    うつ(る) utsu(ru)                                                        て いるの か kimi no an o jikkou ni
                                                                          utsuseru to omotte iru no ka – Do you
                                                                          think you can put your idea into practice?
    イi               different                                            異常 ijou – abnormal, unusual
異   こと koto                                                               差異 sai – difference, disparity

    イi               depend on                the left radical is „person‟ 依存 izon – dependence (state of
依   エe                                        and the right is „clothes‟   depending on)
                                              衣 – a person depends on
                                              clothes for survival
    イi               great, high ranking      a great person has a         偉人 ijin – a great person
偉   えら(い) era(i)                              person to his left
    イi                  different, wrong,    the difference between      違反 ihan – violation, offence
違   ちが(う) chiga(u)      differ               wrong 違う and great 偉
    ちが(える) chiga(eru)                        い is slight but important.
    イキ iki              region, boundary     this kanji is land 土 with 地域 chi iki – local, area, zone, district
域                                            lines around it dividing it
                                             up into regions
    イク iki              bring up, educate,                               教育 kyou iku – education
育   そだ(つ) soda(tsu)     grow                                             体育館 tai iku kan – a gym
    そだ(てる) soda(teru)                                                    後で 体育館の 後ろで 会いましょ
                                                                         う ato de taiikukan no ushiro de aimashou
                                                                         – Later let‟s meet behind the gym
    イン in               sign, mark           this kanji is a picture of  刻印 koku in – carved seal, stamp
印   しるし shirushi                             the Fonz saying “hEy” – 印刷 in satsu – printing
                                             his sign or mark            印象 in shou - impression
                                                                         第一 印象が 大事である daiichi
                                                                         inshou ga daiji de aru – First impressions
                                                                         are important
                                                                         この 印は 何を あらわして いま
                                                                         す か kono shirushi wa nani o
                                                                         arawashite imasu ka – What does this sign
                                                                         signify?
    イン in               cause                if you put something big 火事の 原因は だいたい 分かって
因   よ(る) yo(ru)                              大 (ookii) in your mouth いる kaji no genin wa daitai wakette iru –
                                             口 (guchi) it will cause     There is not much doubt about the cause
                                             you to choke                of the fire
    ウu                  wing, feather        looks like two wings        二羽 ni wa – two birds (wa is the counter
羽   はね hane                                                              for birds)
                                                                  庭には、二羽、鶏が います niwa ni
                                                                  wa, niwa, niwatori ni imasu – There are
                                                                  two chickens in the garden
    ウu                 universe,         looks like an alien from 宇宙人 uchuu jin - alien
宇                                        somewhere in the
                       house             universe
    ウン un              cloud             the top symbol is rain     黒い 雲が でて きた よ kuroi
雲   くも kumo                              which comes from clouds kumo ga dete kita yo – Dark clouds are
                                                                    gathering
                                                                    月が 雲の 間 から でた tsuki ga
                                                                    kumo no aida kara deta – The moon came
                                                                    out from behind the clouds
    エイ ei              swim              two waters (left radical   川で 泳ぎましょう kawa de
泳   およ(ぐ) oyo(gu)                        and 水) make up this        oyogimashou – Let‟s swim in the river
                                         kanji so there is a lot of
                                         water to swim in
    エイ ei              flourish, glory   a tree with a crown must 栄光 eikou – glory
栄   さか(える) saka(eru)                     be truly flourishing       栄枯盛衰 eiko seisui – prosperity and
    は(え) ha(e)                                                      decline, rise and fall
    は(える) ha(eru)                                                   発言を 求められた ことを 光栄に
                                                                    思います hatsugen o moto merareta koto
                                                                    o kouei ni omoimasu - am honoured that
                                                                    you should ask me to speak
                                                                    ご栄転 おめでとう ございます
                                                                    goeiten omedetou gozaimasu – I am so
                                                                    happy about your promotion
    エイ ei              manage,           the hat denotes authority 自営 jiei – self-employed
営   いとな(む) itona(mu)                     and the big mouth means この 事務所の 通常営業 時間は
                        barracks                  it is your manager          九時 から 五時 まで です kono
                                                                              jimusho no tsuujoueigyou jikan wa kuji
                                                                              kara goji made desu – The usual business
                                                                              hours in this office are from nine to five
    エイ ei               eternity, forever         this looks like water 水     永遠 eien – forever, eternity
永   なが(い) naga(i)                                 with more water being       永久歯 ei kyuu shi – permanent teeth
                                                  poured onto it, so it       あなたは 永久に 日本を 去るの
                                                  continues forever           では ない でしょう ね anata wa
                                                                              eikyuu ni nihon o saru no de wa nai
                                                                              deshou ne – You are not leaving Japan for
                                                                              good are you?
    エイ ei               sharp (wit, object, but   metal 金 (kin) is sharp      あたま が 鋭い atama ga surudoi –
鋭   するど(い) surudo(i)    not as in fashion)                                    clever, quick-witted
    エキ eki              liquid                    the water radical can be
液                                                 seen
    エキ eki              easy                      looks similar to horse 馬    当時 よい 職を 得る ことは 決
易   イi                                            (uma) and horse riding is   して 容易では なかった touji yoi
    やさ(しい) yasa(shii)                             easy                        shoku o eru koto wa kesshite youi de wa
                                                                              nakatta – In those days it was far from
                                                                              easy to come by a good job
    エツ eji              go over, cross,           the right radical looks     引越し hikkoshi – to move to (another
越   こえる ko(eru)         exceed, move to           like a man walking          house)
    こす ko(su)                                     briskly away from a
                                                  telegraph pole, crossing
                                                  over the road
    エン en               garden                    a garden is enclosed with   公園 kouen – park
園   その sono                                       earth 土 (do) inside         動物園 doubutsu en – zoo
                                                                         園芸 en gei – gardening
                                                                         この 公園には たくさんの 鳥が
                                                                         います kono kouen ni wa takusan no tori
                                                                         ga imasu – There are many birds in this
                                                                         park
                                                                         公園に たいへん 多くの 人が い
                                                                         る kouen ni taihen ooku no hito ga iru –
                                                                         There are a great many people in the park
                                                                         公園は どちらの 方向に あります
                                                                         か kouen wa dochira no houkou ni
                                                                         arimasu ka – Which direction is the park
                                                                         in?
    エン en            salt                    salt comes from the earth   もう ちょっと 塩味を きかせてみ
塩   しお shio                                  土 (do) and this looks       たら mou chotto shioaji o kikasete mitara
                                             like a pestle and mortar    – How about adding a little more salt?
    エン en            act, perform (a play)                               講演 kou en – lecture
演                                                                        演じる enjiru – to act or perform
                                                                         開演は 午後 七時 で ある kaien
                                                                         wa gogo shichiji de aru – The curtain goes
                                                                         up at 7pm
    エン en            postpone, extend,       the radical for stop 止め     延長 enchou - extension
延   の(びる) no(biru)   total                   る (tomeru) is running
    の(べる) no(beru)                           ahead, extending the race
    の(ばす) no(basu)
    エン en            smoke                                               喫煙の 習慣を 止める ことが 出
煙   けむり kemuri                                                           来たら いい ね kitsuen no shuukan o
    けむ(る) kemu(ru)                                                       yameru koto ga dekitara ii ne – It‟d be
    けむ(い) kemu(i)                                                      nice if I could kick my smoking habit

    オo                  dirty, to soil        this looks like a        汚染物 osenbutsu - contamination
汚   きたな(い) kitana(i)                          blindfolded man‟s face
    よご(す) yogo(su)                            with his mouth open
                                              about to put something
    よご(れる) yogo(reru)
                                              dirty in it
    けが(す) kega(su)
    けが(れる) kega(reru)
    オウ ou               king                                           王国 oukoku - kingdom
王
    オウ ou               centre                                         その 公園は 市の 中央に 位置し
央                                                                      て いる sono kouen wa shi no chuuou
                                                                       ni ichi shite iru – The park lies in the
                                                                       middle of the city
                                                                       公園の 中央に 池が ある kouen no
                                                                       chuuou ni ike ga aru – There is a pond in
                                                                       the middle of the park
    オウ ou               side, width, beside                            横領罪 ou ryou zai – usurpation,
横   よこ yoko                                                            embezzlement
                                                                       公園を 横切って 歩いた kouen o
                                                                       yokogitte aruita – I walked across the park
                                                                       一日中 ベッドに 横たわって いた
                                                                       ら うんざりした ichinichijuu beddo ni
                                                                       yokotawatte itara unzari shita – I got tired
                                                                       of lying in bed all day
    オウ ou                response              when somebody‟s heart         呼忚 koou – agreement, act in concert
忚                                              is bleeding you need an       新しい 仕事に 適忚 出来ます か
                                               urgent response               atarashii shigoto ni tekiou dekimasu ka –
                                                                             Can you adapt yourself to the new job?
    オウ ou                Europe                navigating the seas using     欧米 oubei – Europe and America
欧                                              a map and a telescope to
                                               find Europe
    オウ ou                push, hold            the left kanji radical is     はしごを 押さえて いて ください
押   お(す) o(su)                                 like a hand 手 (te)            hashigo o osaete ite kudasai – Please hold
    お(さえる) o(saeru)                            pushing down                  the ladder
    オウ ou                inner part, depths,                                 奥さん okusan – (someone‟s) wife
奥   おくoku                heart of, interior
    オク oku               hundred million       a hundred million of          地球は およそ 五十億年 前に 生
億                                              something is likely to get    まれた chikyuu wa oyoso gojuu okunen
                                               a person‟s (left) attention   mae ni umareta – The earth came into
                                               (right) 意 (i)                 existence about five thousand million
                                                                             years ago
                                                                             日本の 人口は 約 一億 二千万
                                                                             人 です nihon no jinkou wa yaku
                                                                             ichioku nisenman nin desu – The
                                                                             population of Japan is about 120 million
    オン on                warm (temperature)    this kanji has warm           一時間 ジョギング したら 体が
温   あたた(かい) atata(kai)                         things in it like sparks      温かく なった ichiji kan jogingu
    あたた(める)                                    (left) the sun (top) and      shitara karada ga atatakaku natta – I got
    atata(meru)                                blood (bottom)                warm from jogging for an hour
    あたた(まる)                                                                  スープ が 温まる まで 待ちなさ
    atata(maru)                                                              い su-pu ga atatamaru made machinasai –
                                                                    Wait until the soup warms

    カ ka             subject of study                               教科書 kyoukasho – textbook
科                                                                   歯科医 shikai – dentist
                                                                    その 店では 教科書を 売って い
                                                                    る sono mise de wa kyoukasho o utte iru –
                                                                    They sell textbooks at the bookstore
                                                                    これは よい 教科書 だ kore wa yoi
                                                                    kyoukasho da – This is a good textbook
                                                                    どの 教科 が 不得意 です か
                                                                    dono kyouka ga futokui desu ka – What
                                                                    subject are you poor at?
    カ ka             change                                         文化 bunka – culture
化   ば(ける) ba(keru)                                                  機械化 kikaika – mechanization
    ば(かす) ba(kasu)                                                  硬化 kouka – hardening, stiffening
                                                                    悪化したの です か akka shita no
                                                                    desu ka – Was it getting worse
                                                                    生け花は 日本の 文化 です
                                                                    ikebana wa nihon no bunka desu – Flower
                                                                    arrangement is a part of Japanese culture
    カ ka             load               the top is plant and the    荷物 nimotsu – baggage, luggage
荷   に ni                                bottom is “what”, and at    手荷物 は いくつ 有ります か te
                                        customs they always ask     nimotsu wa ikutsu arimasu ka – How
                                        what plants are in your     many pieces of hand (carry-on) luggage
                                        luggage (load)              do you have?
    カ ka             fruit, end         there‟s big fruit in this   果物 kudamono – fruit
果   は(たす) ha(tasu)                      tree, which may end up      効果 kouka – effect, result
    は(て) ha(te)                             on the floor               結果 kekka - result
    は(てる) ha(teru)
    カ ka                add                 this kanji looks like     参加 san ka – participate, join
加   くわ(える) kuwa(eru)                        katakana カ(ka) with a     マイクは 昨日 練習に 参加 しな
    くわ(わる) kuwa(waru)                       box added to it           かった maiku wa kinou renshuu ni sanka
                                                                      shinakatta – Mike didn‟t join the practice
                                                                      yesterday
                                                                      尐し コショウを 加えたら どう
                                                                      だろう sukoshi koshou o kuwaetara dou
                                                                      darou – How about adding a touch of
                                                                      pepper?
    カ ka                section, lesson     talking 言う (iu) about     放課後 houkago – after school
課                                           fruit 果物 (kudamono) in アンは 放課後 よく テニスを し
                                            lessons                   ます An wa houkago yoku tenisu o
                                                                      shimasu – Ann often plays tennis after
                                                                      school
    カ ka                possible, approve                             可能性 kanousei – possibility
可                                                                     可愛い kawaii - cute
                                                                      うまくいく可能性は 十分に ある
                                                                      umaku iku kanousei wa juubun ni aru –
                                                                      There is a good chance for success
    カ ka                excess, exceed      looks like a robot moving 過去 kako – past
過   す(ぎる) su(giru)                          right, because it has     飲み過ぎる nomisugiru – to drink to
    す(ごす) su(gosu)                          exceeded the barrier (on  excess
                                            the left)                 納豆を 食べ 過ぎました nattou o
    あやま(つ) ayama(tsu)
    あやま(ち) ayama(chi)                                                 tabe sugimashita – I ate too much nattou
                                                                      それは ひど 過ぎる sore wa hido
                                                                 sugiru – That is way too terrible

    カ ka        river              what water? a river! (left    運河 unga – canal
河   かわ kawa                        radical is water, right       氷河は ゆっくり 動いて                        いる
                                   radical is what)              hyouga wa yukkuri ugoite iru
    カ ka        temporary                                        仮面 kamen – mask, disguise
仮   かり kari
    カ ka        value, price       the right part looks like a   価値 かち - value, worth
価                                  scale which you weigh         価格 かかく - price, value
                                   goods on to work out          大統領は 彼の 仕事を公正に 評価
                                   their value
                                                                 していない daitouryou wa kare no
                                                                 shigoto o kousei ni hyouka shiteinai – The
                                                                 President hasn‟t evaluated his work fairly
                                                                 この 車の 価格は とても 高い
                                                                 kono kuruma no kakaku wa totemo takai –
                                                                 The price of this car is very high
    カク kaku     norm, status       it is not the norm for a      価格 kakaku – price, value
格   コウ kou                         man on a box to be            合格 する to pass an exam
                                   higher than a tree            資格 qualifications, requirements
                                                                 彼は 英語教師 としての 資格が
                                                                 ある kare wa eigo kyoushi toshite no
                                                                 shikaku ga aru – He is qualified as an
                                                                 English teacher
    カイ kai      explain, clarify   the left part means           解説 する kaisetsu suru – to
解   ゲ ge                           “angle” or horn so angles
                                                                 clarify, explain, comment
    と(く) toku                      help explain mathematics
                                   and horns help explain        読解 dokkai – reading comprehension
    と(かす) tokasu                   cows (bottom right)           理解 rikai – understanding,
    と(ける) tokeru                                                 comprehension
                                                                 正解 seikai – correct (answer)
                                                                 誤解 gokai – misunderstanding,
                                                                 misconception
                                                                 二つの問題が 未解決の ままで あ
                                                                 った futatsu no mondai ga mikaiketsu no
                                                                 mama de atta – Two problems remained
                                                                 unsolved
    カ ka           shoes           the left part means           靴磨き kutsumigaki – shoe polish
靴   くつ kutsu                       leather and the right         靴屋 kutsuya – shoe store
                                   means change, so think        靴下 kutsu shita - socks
                                   of leather being changed
                                   into shoes
    カ ka           confectionary   the top is plant and the      お菓子 o-kashi – cakes, sweets
菓                                  bottom is fruit so think of   茶菓 cha ka – tea and sweets
                                   a plant bearing fruit for a
                                   cake (confectionary)
    カイ kai         picture         the left part is “thread”     絵本 e hon - picture (children‟s) book
絵   エe                             糸(ito) and the right is       絵画 kaiga – picture, painting
                                   “meet” 会 (kai) – when         絵師 e shi – painter, artist
                                   threads meet they make        その 絵画を 見たら おもしろかっ
                                   an embroidered picture        た sono kaiga o mitara omoshirokatta – I
                                                                 found the picture interesting
    カイ kai         floor,          two people going up an        階段 kai dan – stairs
階                                  escalator with their          段階 dan kai – stage
                   rank,           luggage (hand rail on the
                                   left) to the next floor
                        step

    カイ kai              reform            left side is self and right   改革 kaikaku – reformation
改   あらた(める)                               is striking. zen monks        改正 kaisei – revision, amendment
    arata(meru)                           would strike each other       制度を 改めた seido o aratameta – they
    あらた(まる)                               with bamboo rods to           changed the system
    arata(maru)                           reach enlightenment, thus
                                          “I reform myself by
                                          striking”
    カイ kai              device, machine                                 機械 kikai – machine, device
械                                                                       その 機械は 一日中 作動 してい
                                                                        ます sono kikai wa ichinichijuu sadou
                                                                        shite imasu – The machine operates all
                                                                        day long
                                                                        これを 右に 回せば 機械は 動き
                                                                        ます kore o migi ni mawaseba kikai wa
                                                                        ugokimasu – If you turn this to the right
                                                                        and the machine will start
    カイ kai              pleasant          when you “open up”            快楽 kairaku - pleasure
快   こころよ(い) kokoro(i)                     (right) your “heart” (left)   快速電車 kaisoku densha – express train
                                          you feel pleasant
    カイ kai              ash               fire 火 (ka) under some        灰色 hai iro – grey (ash colour)
灰   はい hai                                wood creates ash              灰皿 hai zara – ash tray (plate)
                                                                        降灰 koukai – a fall of volcanic ash
    カイ kai              all               two people and all their      皆様 minasama – everyone (polite)
皆   みな mina                               luggage going to meet
    みんな minna                             everybody
    カイ kai        meditate   meditation takes us           自己紹介 jikoshoukai – self-introduction
介                            higher                        紹介 shoukai - introduce
    ガイ gai        harm       a man jumping over a          災害 saigai – disaster
害                            mouth 口 (guchi) to            障害 shougai – obstacle, disaster
                             escape harm                   公害 kougai – pollution
                                                           殺害 satsugai – murder
                                                           たばこは 健康に 害が ある tabako
                                                           wa kankou ni gai ga aru – smoking is
                                                           dangerous to health
                                                           この 島では たいていの 蛇は 無
                                                           害で ある kono shima de wa taitei no
                                                           hebi wa mugai de aru – That island has
                                                           many harmless snakes
    カク kaku       angle,     it looks like a horned fish   三角 sankaku – triangle
角   カドド kado                 魚 (sakana)                    角柱 kaku chuu – prism
    つの tsuno      horn                                     互角 go kaku – equality, good match
                                                           そこの 角です よ soko no kado desu
                                                           yo – It‟s at the corner
    カク kaku       each       each friend 友(tomo)           各駅 kaku eki – every station
各   おのおの onoono              gets a chance to speak 口      各種 kaku shu – every kind, all sorts
                             (guchi)                       各冊 kaku satsu – every book
                                                           この電車は 中野より 先は 各駅に
                                                           停車 する kono densha wa Nakano yori
                                                           saki wa kakueki ni teisha suru – This train
                                                           stops at every station from Nakano on
    カク kaku             remember, perceive,     you need to look 見る          この子は 物覚えが 早い kono ko wa
覚   おぼ(える) obo(eru)                             (miru) in school 学           mono oboe ga hayai – The child is
                        wake up                 (gaku) to remember and       learning quickly
                                                perceive things              ジムは 目覚めると 自分が部屋に一
                                                                             人なのに 気が ついた jimu wa
                                                                             mezameru to jibun ga heya ni hitori na no
                                                                             ni ki ga tsuita – Jim awoke and found
                                                                             himself alone in the room
    カク kaku             certain                                              かちまけの 確立は 五分五分 です
確   たし(か) tashi(ka)                                                          kachimake no kakuritsu wa gobu gobu
    たし(かめる)                                                                  desu – The chances of winning or losing
    tashi(kameru)                                                            are 50 / 50
    コ ko                solid, firm, harden,    as solid as a Christian      固まり katamari – Katamari (PS2 game)
固   かた(まる) kata(maru)   solidify, lump, mass,   tombstone                    固体 kotai – solid, solid matter
    かた(い) kata(i)                                                            固定 kotei – fixed, permanent
                        sticky
                                                                             固有 koyuu – characteristic, inborn
                                                                             頑固 ganko – stubborn
                                                                             断固 danko – conclusive
                                                                             この テーブルは がたつく。しっか
                                                                             り 固定 させて くれ kono te-buru
                                                                             wa gatatsuku. shikkari kotei sasete kure –
                                                                             This table is shaky. Please make it firm
    コ ko                individual,             a person is counting solid   個人 ko jin – indvidual (person)
個                                               固まる (katamaru)               個数 kosuu – number of articles
                        general counter,        objects                      個室 koshitsu – private room
                                                                             個々 koko – individual, separate
                        item
                                                                             今日は りんごが 安い ので 二個
                                                                    買いましょう kyou wa ringo ga yasui
                                                                    node, ni ko kaimashou – Today because
                                                                    apples are cheap let‟s buy two
                                                                    しゅるい 三個 ずつ ください
                                                                    shurui sanko zutsu kudasai – Of each sort
                                                                    please give me three
    コ ko            old, former,        the cause of the incident   故事 koji – tradition, historical fact, origin
故   ゆえ yue          deceased,           was the deceased            故人 kojin – the deceased
                                                                    事故 jiko – accident, trouble
                    incident, affair,
                                                                    故郷 kokyou – hometown
                    intentional,
                                                                    その事故に 対して 責任が あるの
                    reason, cause                                   は 君だ sono jiko ni taishite sekinin ga
                                                                    aru no wa kimi da – It is you that are
                                                                    responsible for the accident
                                                                    「何故行かないの」「行きたくない
                                                                    から さ」 [naze ikanai no][ikitakunai
                                                                    kara sa] – Why aren‟t you going? Because
                                                                    I don‟t want to
    コ ko            employ, hire                                    日雇い hi yato(i) – day labourer
雇   やと(う) yato(u)                                                   解雇 kaiko – discharge, dismiss
                                                                    雇用 koyou – employ, hire, employment
                                                                    船を 雇う fune o yatou – charter (hire)
                                                                    a boat
    コ ko            call, cry out       a mouth (guchi) 口 is        呼吸 kokyuu – breathe, respiration
呼   よ(ぶ) yo(bu)                         shouting (crying out) and   呼忚 koou – agreement
                                        scaring away the right      呼ぶ yobu – call out to
                                        radical
    コ ko               wither, dry up,    when a tree 木 (ki) gets      井戸が 枯れて しまった ido ga
枯   か(らす) ka(rasu)                        old 古い (furui) it            karete shimatta – The well has dried up
    か(れる) ka(reru)     deplete, exhaust   withers and dries up
    ゴ go               mistake            a student at a desk with     誤解 gokai – misunderstanding
誤   あやま(る) ayama(ru)                      his arm raised is speaking   誤字 goji – misprint, wrong character
                                          言う (iu) and making a         錯誤 sakugo – mistake
                                          mistake                      誤差 gosa - error
    ゴ go               equality           this kanji has rotational    互角 gokaku – equality, good match
互   たが(い) taga(i)                         symmetry so either way       交互 kougo - mutually
                                          round it is equal            お互いさまです o-tagai sama desu –
                                                                       That makes two of us
    コウ kou             exchange,          the lines cross like at an   交渉 koushou – negotiation, bargaining
交   カ(ウ) ka(u)                            intersection where cars      交換 koukan – exchange, interchange
    まじ(える) maji(eru)   cross,             exchange                     交差点 kousaten – intersection
    まじ(る) maji(ru)                                                     交際 kousai – association, friendship
                       traffic,
    ま(ざる) ma(zaru)                                                     交代 koutai – take turns
    ま(ぜる) ma(zeru)     take turns,                                     こちら 側からは だれが 交渉に
                                                                       当たります か kochira gawa kara wa
                       mix, shuffle                                    dare ga koushou ni atarimasu ka – Who‟s
                                                                       going to negotiate for us?
                                                                       この道路は 交通が 尐ない kono
                                                                       douro wa kou tsuu ga sukunai – Traffic is
                                                                       light on this road
    コウ kou             yellow                                          黄色 ki iro – yellow
黄   き ki                                                               硫黄 iou – sulphur
    こ ko                                                               この花は 黄色だが ほかの花は み
    おう ou                                                              な青い kono hana wa kiiro da ga hoka no
                                                                             hana wa mina aoi – This flower is yellow
                                                                             but all the others are blue
    コウ kou              public, state,                                      公園 kouen – park
公   おおやけ ooyake         government                                          公害 kougai – pollution
                                                                            公認 kounin – official authorisation,
                                                                            licence
                                                                            主人公 shujinkou – master, hero, heroine
                                                                            町の 公会堂は 人で いっぱい だ
                                                                            machi no koukaidou wa hito de ippai da –
                                                                            The town hall was full of people
    コウ kou              happy,                    looks like a yen ¥ which 幸運 kouun – good luck
幸   さち sachi                                      brings good fortune and   幸福 koufuku – happiness
    しあわ(せ) shiawa(se)   good fortune              happiness                 薄幸 hakkou – unhappiness
                                                                            不幸 fukou – misfortune
    コウ kou              turn toward,              similar to onaji 同 (same) 向上 koujou – advancement, progress
向   む(く) mu(ku)                                   this kanji is moving in   方向 houkou – direction, course
    む(ける) mu(keru)      direction, orientation,   the same direction        志向 shikou – intention, aim
                        opposide side
    む(かう) mu(kau)                                                           趣向 shukou – idea, plan
    む(こう) mu(kou)                                                           船は 明日マニラに 向けて出発する
                                                                            fune wa ashita Manira ni mukete
                                                                            shuppatsu suru – The ship will set sail for
                                                                            Manila tomorrow
                                                                            公園は どちらの方向に あります
                                                                            か kouen wa dochira no houkou ni
                                                                            arimasu ka – Which direction is the park
                                                                            in?
    コウ kou        port                                            空港 kuukou - airport
港   みなと minato                                                    港湾 kouwan – harbours (ports and bays)
                                                                  漁港 gyokou – fishing port
                                                                  あなたが いつ空港に着く か 教え
                                                                  て 下さい anata ga itsu kuukou ni tsuku
                                                                  ka oshiete kudasai – Let me know when
                                                                  you will arrive at the airport
                                                                  神戸は 港で 有名で ある Koube
                                                                  wa minato de yuumei de aru – Kobe is
                                                                  famous for its port
    コウ kou        navigate           the left radical is “ship”   航空便 koukuubin – air mail
航                                    and the right radical        航海 koukai – voyage, ocean navigation
                                     looks like a sailor          航路 kouro – route (sea, air)
                                     navigating the high seas
                                                                  航空券 koukuuken – plane ticket
                                                                  その船は 出港した sono fune wa
                                                                  shukkou shita – The ship set sail
    コウ kou        season, seasonal                                気候 kikou – climate, weather, season
侯   そうろう sourou   weather                                         兆候 choukou – symptom, sign, omen
                                                                  天候 tenkou – weather
                                                                  時候 jikou – season, time of the year
                                                                  今年の冬は 気候が おだやか だ
                                                                  kotoshi no fuyu wa kikou ga odayaka da –
                                                                  We have a mild winter this year
    コウ kou        calm, healthy                                   健康 kenkou - health
康                                                                 たばこは 健康に害が ある tabako
                                                                  wa kenkou ni ga aru – Smoking is
                                                                  dangerous to health
                                                             海辺の 空気は きれいで 健康的だ
                                                             umibe no kuuki wa kirei de kenkouteki da
                                                             – The air by the sea is pure and healthy
    コウ kou          effect      what will the effect be      効果 kouka – result, effect
効   きく kiku                     when the father 父            効率 kouritsu – efficiency
                                (chichi) uses his power      有効 yuu kou – effective, valid
                                力 (chikara)                  無効 mu kou – invalidty, ineffectiveness
                                                             その効果が らわれるには 時間が
                                                             かかります sono kouka ga rawareru ni
                                                             wa jikan ga kakarimasu – It will be some
                                                             time before those effects make themselves
                                                             felt
    コウ kou          kind,       be kind to thick children    厚意 koui – kindness, favour
厚   あつ(い) atsu(i)               子 (ko) under the sun 日       温厚 onkou – gentle, courteous
                    thick       (hi)                         厚生 kousei – public welfare, public
                                                             health
                                                             濃厚 noukou – thick, dense, heavy
                                                             氷は 二インチの 厚さ だ koori wa
                                                             ni inichi no atsusa da – The ice is two
                                                             inches thick
                                                             ご好意に 対し 厚く お礼を 申し
                                                             上げます gokoui ni taishi atsuku orei o
                                                             moushi agemasu – I am deeply grateful
                                                             for your kindness
    コウ kou          ore, mine   the right radical looks a    鉱物 koubutsu – mineral
鉱                               little like wind 風 (kaze),   金鉱 kinkou – gold ore, gold mine
                                so a golden wind 金風          採鉱 saikou - mining
                                    whistles through the mine

    コウ kou             construct,   a tree 木 (ki) is a source    構成 kousei – composition, formation
構   かま(える) kama(eru)                of construction material     構造 kouzou – structure, construction
    かま(う) kama(u)      mind         for a house with many        構想 kousou – plan, conception
                                    floors                       この 文章の 構造がどうなって い
                                                                 る か 分かります か kono bunshou
                                                                 no kou zou ga dou natte iru ka
                                                                 wakarimasu ka – Do you understand the
                                                                 structure of this sentence?
    コウ kou             lecture      someone is giving a          講義 kougi – lecture
講                                   lecture about a house        購読 koudoku – subscription
                                    with many floors (言う         講師 koushi – lecturer, speaker
                                    iu = speech)                 休講 kyuukou – cancelled lecture
    コウ kou             cultivate    a three-pronged tree         耕作 kousaku – cultivate, plow
耕                                   standing next to a well in   耕地 kouchi - arable land, farmland
                                    a farmer‟s cultivated        農場主は 一日中畑を 耕した
                                    field                        noujoushu wa ichinichijuu hatake o
                                                                 tagayashita – The farmer plowed his field
                                                                 all day

    コウ kou             crimson      use thread 糸 (ito) to lift   深紅 shinku – crimson
紅   べに beni                         a bar for construction 工     紅白 kouhaku – red and white
    くれない kurenai                    (ku) or your face will go    紅潮 kou chou – blush, redden
                                    crimson                      紅玉 kougyoku – ruby
                                                                 紅茶 koucha – black tea
    コウ kou           descend, fall, get off   someone is trying to        降りる oriru – get off (a bus)
降   お(りる) o(riru)    (a bus)                  scale the wall (on the      降伏 koufuku – surrender, submission
    お(ろす) o(rosu)                             left) but his ladder has    下降 kakou – descent, fall, drop
                                              broken and he is falling
    ふ(る) fu(ru)                                                           雤が 降っています ame ga futteimasu
                                                                          – It is raining
    コウ kou           renew                    when you use something      更正 kousei – correction, revision,
更   さら sara                                   使う (tskau) you must         rectification
    ふ(ける) fu(keru)                            renew it                    更新 koushin – renew, renovate
    ふ(かす) fu(kasu)                                                        更衣室 kouishitsu – changing room
                                                                          変更 henkou – change, modification
    コウ kou           wild, desolate                                       荒廃 kouhai – desolation, waste, ruin
荒   あら(い) ara(i)                                                          荒野 kouya – wilderness, the wilds,
    あ(れる) a(reru)                                                         wasteland
    あ(らす) a(rasu)                                                         荒天 kouten – stormy weather
    コウ kou           hard                     you can use a stone 石       硬貨 kouka – coin, metallic money
硬   かた(い) kata(i)                             (ishi) because it is hard   硬化 kouka – hardening, stiffening
                                                                          硬度 koudo – hardness
    コウ kou           assent,                  the council gave consent    肯定 koutei - affirmation
肯                                             for a bus stop 止める          首肯 shukou – assent, consent
                     consent                  (tomeru) on the moon 月
                                              (tsuki)
    コウ kou           fragrance                on a sunny day in the       香辛料 kou shinryou – spices, seasoning
香   キョウ kyou                                  forest you need deodrant    香水 kousui – perfume
    か ka                                      (fragrance)                 芳香 houkou – fragrance, aroma
    かお(り) kao(ri)                                                         香川県 kagawa ken – Kagawa prefecture
    かお(る) kao(ru)
    コウ kou            suburbs                                             郊外 kougai – suburbs, outskirts
郊                                                                         郊野 kouya – suburban fields
    ゴウ gou            number, signal, sign   you can see the number 5     暗号 angou – code
号                                            in this kanji                号令 gourei – order, command
                                                                          信号 shingou – traffic signal (light)
                                                                          番号 bangou - number
                                                                          電話番号 denwa bangou –
                                                                          telephone number
    コク koku           valley                 this is a hut in a valley    峡谷 kyou koku – gorge, valley, canyon
谷   たに tani                                  and rocks are falling onto   その谷で金が 見つかったと いう
                                             it                           うわさが ある sono tani de kin ga
                                                                          mitsukatta to iu uwasa ga aru – It is
                                                                          rumoured that gold has been found in that
                                                                          valley
    コク koku           notify                 a man is jumping over a      告白 koku haku – confession,
告   つ(げる) tsu(geru)                          desk rushing to give you     acknowledgement
                                             the piece of paper that      広告 koukoku – advertisement
                                             notifies you not to forget   告知 kokuchi – notify, announce
                                             this kanji
                                                                          忠告 chuukoku – advice, warning
                                                                          新聞広告を 見て来ました shinbun
                                                                          koukoku o mite kimashita – I have come
                                                                          in response to your ad in the paper
    コク koku           carve, engrave                                      刻印 kokuin – carved seal, stamp
刻   き(ざむ) kiza(mu)                                                        時刻 jikoku – time, hour
                                                                          深刻 shinkoku - serious
                                                                          定刻 teikoku – regular (appointed) time
    カク kaku             leather,            this looks like a fancy      改革 kaikaku – reformation
革   かわ kawa                                 staff that they may use in   変革 henkaku – change, reform
                        reform              government ceremonies
                                            when reforming acts and
                                            laws
    カク kaku             enlarge             by felling trees 木 (ki)      拡大 kakudai – enlargement, expansion
拡   コウ kou                                  we can enlarge the space     彼は 研究の 対象を 拡大 した
    ひろ(がる) hiro(garu)                       広い (hiroi)                   kare wa kenkyuu no taishou o kakudai
    ひろ(げる) hiro(geru)                                                    shita – He expanded the focus of his
                                                                         research
    コツ kotsu            bone                this kanji looks like a      骨髄 kotsuzui – (bone) marrow, main
骨   ほね hone                                 skeleton and you can see     point
                                            his bones                    骨肉 kotsu niku – flesh and blood
                                                                         骨格 kokkaku – frame, physique, skeleton
                                                                         筋骨 kinkotsu – muscle and bones,
                                                                         physique
                                                                         鉄骨 tekkotsu – steel frame

    こ(む) ko(mu)         into, be crowded    when many people enter       送料込み sou ryou komi – shipping
込                                           入る (hairu) a place gets      (charges) included
                                            crowded                      いつも駐車場が 込んでいます itsumo
                                                                         chuushajou ga kondeimasu – The parking
                                                                         lot is always crowded
    コン kon              root (math), root                                根気 konki – perserverance, patience,
根   ね ne                (chemistry),                                     energy
                                                                         根拠 konkyo – grounds, basis, authority
                        perserverance                                    根本 konpon – nasis, foundation, origin
                                                                         球根 kyuukon – bulb
                                                                   大根 daikon – Japanese radish

    カク kaku             compare         try to compare a car (left) 比較 hikaku – comparison
較   コウ kou                              with a father (right)       私は 大学院で 比較文学を 勉強し
    くら(べる) kura(beru)                                               た watashi wa daigakuin de
                                                                    hikakubungaku o benkyou shita – I
                                                                    studied Comparative Literature in
                                                                    graduate school
    コン kon              mix                                         混雑 konzatsu – confusion, disorder,
混   ま(じる) ma(jiru)                                                  congestion
    ま(ざる) ma(zaru)                                                  混戦 konsen – brawl, confused fight
    ま(ぜる) ma(zeru)                                                  混乱 konran – disorder, chaos
                                                                    混合 kongou – mixing, mixture
                                                                    油と 水を混ぜる 事は出来ない
                                                                    abura to mizu o mazeru koto wa dekinai –
                                                                    You cannot mix oil and water
                                                                    国家主義と 愛国心とを 混同しては
                                                                    ならない kokkashugi to aikokushin to o
                                                                    kondou shite wa naranai – Nationalism is
                                                                    not to be confused with patriotism
    コン kon              be in trouble                               困難 konnan – difficulty, trouble,
困   こま(る) koma(ru)                                                  hardship
                                                                    困惑 konwaku – embarrassment,
                                                                    confusion
                                                                    困窮 konkyuu – destitution, poverty
                                                                    貧困 hinkon – poverty, lack, shortage
                                                                    困っている komatteiru – be in trouble
    コン kon           marry                     a woman at what looks       婚約 konyaku - engagement
婚                                              like an altar waiting to    結婚 kekkon – marriage
                                               marry                       婚姻 konin – marriage
                                                                           離婚 rikon – divorce
                                                                           再婚 saikon – second marriage
    サ sa             difference, remainder     what is left 左 (hidari)     交差点 kousaten – intersection
差   さ(す) sa(su)      (math),                   behind is the difference    差額 sagaku – balance, difference
                                               or remainder                差別 sabetsu – discrimination
                     rise (of water)
                                                                           大差 taisa – big difference
                                                                           この浅い湾で 潮が 早く差す kono
                                                                           asai wan de shio ga hayaku sasu – In this
                                                                           shallow bay the tide comes up quickly
    サ sa             look into, investigate,   the bottom radical looks    査察 sasatsu – inspection, investigation
査                    inspect                   like an eye 目 (me) and it   査定 satei – assessment, audit
                                               is inspecting a tree 木      検査 kensa – inspection, examination
                                               (ki)                        調査 chousa – investigation, examination,
                                                                           survey
    サ sa             sand                      sand is made up of many     砂糖 satou – sugar
砂   すな suna                                    little 尐し (sukoshi)         砂漠 sabaku – desert
                                               stones 石 (ishi)             砂丘 sakyuu – sand dune
                                                                           砂場 sunaba - sandbox
    ザ za             seat, sit                 two people 人 (hito) are     座席 zaseki – seat
座   すわ(る) suwa(ru)                             sitting on the earth 土      正座 seiza – sit straight
                                               (do) under a tent.          座標 zahyou – coordinates
    サイ sai           talent,                   looks like a child          天才 tensai – genius
才                                              dropping her baton          才能 sainou – talent, ability
                       age suffix        during a talent contest       何才 nan sai – how old (of a person)
                                                                       自分の才能を 生かせる ような 仕
                                                                       事を したい jibun no sainou o ikaseru
                                                                       you na shigoto o shitai – I want to do
                                                                       work that makes use of my talents
    サイ sai             slender, minute   thread 糸(ito) in a field      細菌 saikin – bacteria, germ
細   ほそ(い) hoso(i)                        田 (den) is a tiny, minute,    細工 saiku – work, craftmanship
    こま(か) koma(ka)                       slender object                細部 saibu – details
    こま(かい) koma(kai)                                                   細君 saikun – wife
                                                                       明細 meisai - particulars, details
                                                                       肉を 食べる前に 細かく 切るべき
                                                                       です niku o taberu mae ni komakaku
                                                                       kirubeki desu – You should cut up your
                                                                       meat before you eat it
    サイ sai             festival                                        祭日 sai jitsu – national holiday, festival
祭   まつ(る) matsu(ru)                                                    day
    まつ(り) matsu(ri)                                                    近くに お祭りを やって いる 町
                                                                       が あります か chikaku ni omatsuri o
                                                                       yatte iru machi ga arimasu ka – Near here
                                                                       are there any towns with festivals?
                                                                       体育祭は どう でした か taiikusai
                                                                       wa dou deshita ka – How did you do on
                                                                       sports day?
    サイ sai             most              the sun is the most tall of   最高 saikou – the hightest, supreme
最                                        all the radicals in this      最終 saishuu – last, final
                                         kanji                         最悪 saiaku – worst case, the worst
                                                                       最後 saigo – the last, the end
                                                                            最低 saitei – lowest, minimum
                                                                            経験は 最良の 教師で ある keiken
                                                                            wa sairyou no kyoushi de aru –
                                                                            Experience is the best teacher
    サイ sai              another time, again                                 再来週 saraishuu – week after next
再   サ sa                                                                    再開 saikai – reopening, resumption
    ふたた(び) futata(bi)                                                       再三 saisan – again and again, repeatedly
                                                                            再婚 saikon – remarriage
                                                                            すぐに 再発行 出来ます か sugu
                                                                            ni saihakkou dekimasu ka – Can you
                                                                            reissue them right away?
    ガク gaku             amount,               this kanji shows 100 百        差額 sagaku – balance, difference, margin
額   ひたい hitai                                 (hyaku) which can be a        半額 hangaku – half-price
                        forehead              large amount                  あなたの 計画は 多額の 金を 必
                                                                            要と します anata no keikaku wa
                                                                            tagaku no kane o hitsuyou to shimasu –
                                                                            Your plan requires a large amount of
                                                                            money
    カツ katsu            active, life          a man skiing on water         生活 seikatsu – life, lifestyle
活   い(かす) i(kasu)                             has an active lifestyle       活動 katsu dou – action, activity
    カツ katsu            divide                this kanji contains part of   割引 waribiki – discount, reduction
割   わ(る) wa(ru)                               „separate‟ 別 (betsu) to       一割 ichiwari – 10 percent
    わ(り) wari                                 divide up this character      時間割 jikanwari – timetable
    わ(れる) wa(reru)                                                          我が 家の 家計は 収入の 割りに
    さ(く) sa(ku)                                                             支出が 多すぎる wa ga ya no kakei wa
                                                                            shuunyuu no wari ni shishutsu ga
                                                                            oosugiru – Our family spends too much
                                                       for the income we have

    カン kan    sense, feel   you use your heart 心       敏感 binkan – sensitivity
感                           (kokoro) for feeling       直感 chokkan – intuition
                                                       彼は 直感で 彼女が 嘘を ついて
                                                       いると わかった kare wa chokkan de
                                                       kanojo ga uso o tsuiteiru to wakatta – His
                                                       intuition told him she was lying
    カン kan    pipe,         looks like two             血管 kekkan – blood vessel
管   くだ kuda                 controlling eyes looking   管理 kanri – control, management
              control       at the kanji for           試験管 shikenkan – test tube
                            government 官 (kan)
    カン kan    concern,      Mr Yen is is concerned     関西 Kansai – Kansai (area including
関   せき seki                 that you havn‟t paid so    Osaka and Kyoto)
              barrier       he‟s put up a barrier      関節 kansetsu – joints (knee, elbow etc.)
                                                       関連 kanren – relation, connection
                                                       給料は 労働者の 年齢との 関連で
                                                       異なってくる kyuuryou wa roudousha
                                                       no nenrei tono kanren de kotonattekuru –
                                                       Wages change in relation to the worker‟s
                                                       age
    カン kan    view          the kanji to see 見る        観光 kankou - sightseeing
観                           (miru) is in this          観察 kansatsu – observation, survey
                            character, which is like   彼は 経済 観念の ない男だ kare
                            view                       wa keizai kannen no nai otoko da – He is
                                                       a man with no financial sense
    カン kan           complete     looks a little like sell 売  完了 kanryou – completion
完                                 る (uru) which is            完璧 kanpeki – perfect
                                  completing a transaction    五日 たてば 仕事が 完了 する
                                                              だろう itsuka tateba shigoto ga kanryou
                                                              suru darou – The work should be
                                                              complete in five days
    カン kan           government   looks like a filing cabinet 器官 kikan - organ
官                                 that they use in            警察官 keisatsukan - policemen
                                  government offices          警官 keikan - policeman
    サイ sai           wife         a woman 女 (onna)            愛妻弁当 ai sai bentou – lunchbox
妻   つま tsuma                      makes a complicated wife packed with love by ones wife
                                                              妻子 saishi – ones wife and children
                                                              妻帯者 saitaisha – a married man
                                                              恐妻家 kyousaika – a hen-pecked
                                                              husband
    サイ sai           verge,       a festival 祭り(matsuri)      交際 kousai – association, friendship
際   きわ kiwa                       by the verge is a big       際限 saigen – limits, ends, bounds
                     occasion     occasion                    実際 jissai – true, actual, real
                                                              水際 mizu giwa – beach, waterside
                                                              際どい kiwadoi – risky
                                                              彼が そう言うの を 実際に 聞き
                                                              ました kare ga sou iu no o jissai ni
                                                              kikimashita – I actually heard him say that
    カン kan           habit        this kanji looks like a     慣習 kanshuu – normal custom
慣   な(れる) na(reru)                hobbit but it‟s actually a  習慣 shuukan – custom, habit, manners
    な(らす) na(rasu)                habit                       その習慣は 日本 独特の もの だ
                                                              sono shuukan wa nihon dokutoku no
                                                                      mono da -
                                                                      海部氏は 人前で 演説する ことに
                                                                      慣れて いる kaifushi wa hitomae de
                                                                      enzetsu suru koto ni narete iru – Mr Kaifu
                                                                      is used to making speeches in public
    カン kan           publish, carve     these radicals look like      週刊誌 shuukanshi – weekly publication
刊                                       carving tools used to         朝刊 choukan – morning edition of a
                                        make and publish old          newspaper
                                        newspaper                     これは 日刊新聞 です kore wa
                                                                      nikkan shinbun desu – This is a daily
                                                                      newspaper
    サイ sai           pick, gather       picking fruit from a tree     採掘 saikutsu – mining
採   とる to(ru)                           木 (ki), or gathering rice     採集 saishuu – collecting, gathering
                                        米 (bei)                       採点 saiten – marking, grading, rating
                                                                      伐採 bassai – cut down, fell a tree
    サイ sai           settle, relieve                                  返済 hensai – repay, reimburse
済   ザイ zai                                                            救済 kyuusai – relieve, help, save
    す(む) su(mu)                                                       経済 keizai – economy, economics
    す(ます) su(masu)                                                    彼は 経済 観念の ない 男だ kare
                                                                      wa keizai kannen no nai otoko da – He is
                                                                      a man with no financial sense
    サイ sai           year, age suffix                                 歳月 saigetsu – time
歳   セイ sei                                                            歳末 saimatsu – year end
                                                                      歳入 sainyuu – revenue, annual income
                                                                      何歳 nan sai – what age (of a person)
    ザイ zai           timber, material   two trees, one is partially   材木 zaimoku – logs, timber
材                                       felled for building           石材 sekizai – building stone
                               material                    人材 jinzai – (person) of talent, capable
                                                           person
                                                           素材 sozai – material, subject matter
                                                           この 材料は だれに とっても 役
                                                           に 立つと 思う kono zairyou wa dare
                                                           ni tottemo yaku ni tatsu to omou – I think
                                                           this material is of benefit to everyone
    ザイ zai       exist, stay                               在庫 zaiko – stock, stockpile
在   あ(る) a(ru)                                             在学 zaigaku – being in school
                                                           在米 邦人 zaibei houjin – Japanese
                                                           living in the US
                                                           不在 fuzai – absence
                                                           現在の 首相は その式に 出席 し
                                                           て はいなかった genzai no shushou wa
                                                           sono shiki ni shusseki shite wainakatta –
                                                           The present Prime Minister was not
                                                           present at the ceremony
    ザイ zai       wealth        you can see a part of buy   財源 zaigen – revenue / financial resource
財   サイ sai                     買う (kau) in this kanji,     財産 zaisan – property, fortune, wealth
                               implying wealth             財布 saifu - wallet
    ザイ zai       crime         the gap in the middle is    軽犯罪 keihanzai – light offence (legal)
罪   つみ tsumi                   the hall and on the sides   罪悪 zaiaku – crime, sin, vice
                               are cells, which people     罪人 zainin – criminal, sinner
                               are put into when they
                                                           無罪 muzai – not guilty, innocent
                               commit a crime
                                                           有罪 yuuzai – guilt
                                                           謝罪 shazai - apology
    さ(く) sa(ku)      bloom             this could be a flower in   きれいな 花が 咲いて います
咲                                      bloom outside a cave        kireina hana ga saite imasu – Beautiful
                                                                   flowers are in bloom
                                                                   桜の 花が 咲く sakura no hana ga
                                                                   saku – the cherry trees are blooming
                                                                   話しに 花が 咲いた hanashi ni hana
                                                                   ga saita – the conversation became
                                                                   animated
    サク saku          yesterday, last   part of make 作る             昨日 saku jitsu – yesterday
昨                                      (tsukuru) + day 日(nichi)    昨日 kinou – yesterday
                                       = I made something          昨年 sakunen – last year
                                       yesterday                   昨夜 sakuya – last night
                                                                   マイクは 昨日練習に 参加 しなか
                                                                   った Maiku wa kinou renshuu ni sanka
                                                                   shinakatta – Mike didn‟t join the practice
                                                                   yesterday
    サツ satsu         kill              the X by the tree 木 (ki)    殺意 satsui – intent to kill
殺   サイ sai                             is where the man was        殺害 satsugai – murder, killing
    セツ setsu                           killed                      殺人 satsujin – murder
    ころ(す) koro(su)                                                 殺人犯 satsujinhan - murderer
                                                                   殺菌 sakkin – seterilisation
                                                                   自殺 jisatsu – suicide
    サツ satsu         print             like publish 刊 (kan) this   刷新 sasshin - reform, renovation,
刷   す(る) su(ru)                        kanji has tools for         revision
                                       printing, symbolised by     印刷 insatsu – printing
                                       the big „P‟                 縮刷 shuku satsu – printing in reduced
                                                                   size
                                                               この本は 来年 印刷 される でし
                                                               ょう kono hon wa rainen insatsu sareru
                                                               deshou – This book will probably be
                                                               printed next year
    サツ satsu   tag                                             千円札 senen satsu – 1000 yen note
札   ふだ fuda                                                    札束 satsutaba – bundle of banknotes
                                                               改札 kaisatsu – examining (checking)
                                                               tickets
                                                               二千円札を 持っています か nisen
                                                               en satsu o motte imasu ka – Do you have
                                                               a 2000 yen note?
    サツ satsu   card, volume, book                              冊子 sasshi – booklet, pamphlet
冊   サク saku                                                    別冊 bessatsu – separate volume, extra
                                                               issue
                                                               各冊 kaku satsu – each book (volume,
                                                               copy)
    ザツ zatsu   rough, mixed         trees 木 (ki) chopped up    混雑 kon zatsu – confusion, disorder,
雑   ゾウ zou                          with power 力 (riki) are    congestion
                                    rough and mixed in size    雑音 zatsuon – noise, jamming,
                                                               interference
                                                               雑誌 zasshi – magazine
                                                               雑学 zatsu gaku – wide knowledge
                                                               複雑 fuku zatsu - complicated
    さら sara    plate                looks like a drainer for   灰皿 hai zara – ash tray
皿                                   plates on a sideboard      最初の皿 saisho no sara – first course,
                                                               starter
                                                               その 男の子は たちまち 皿を か
                                                                                らっぽに した sono otoko no ko wa
                                                                                tachimachi sara o karappo ni shita – The
                                                                                boy had the dish empty in a moment
    サン san                calculate                 to work out the answer to   誤算 gosan – miscalculation,
算                                                   a question 質問               misjudgement
                                                    (shitsumon) you need to     算出 sanshutsu – computation, calculation
                                                    calculate                   暗算 anzan – mental arithmetic
                                                                                予算 yosan – estimate, budget
                                                                                5足す10の 足し算は やさしい 5
                                                                                たす 10 no tashizan wa yasashii – It is
                                                                                easy to add 5 to 10
    サン san                scatter                                               散歩 sanpo – walking, a stroll
散   ち(る) chi(ru)                                                                解散 kaisan – breakup, dispersion
    ち(らす) chi(rasu)                                                             分散 bunsan – dispersion, divergence,
    ち(らかす) chi(rakasu)                                                          variance
    ち(らかる) chi(rakaeru)                                                         天気が よかった ので 散歩が 出
                                                                                来ました tenki ga yokatta node sanpo ga
                                                                                dekimashita – Because it was good
                                                                                weather I was able to go for a walk
                                                                                集会は 九時に 散会 した shuukai
                                                                                wa kuji ni sankai shita – The meetin broke
                                                                                up at 9 o‟clock
    サン san                participate, go to pray                               参加 sanka – participate
参   まい(る) mai(ru)                                                               参考 sankou – reference, consultation
                                                                                参拝 sanpai – worship, visit a temple
                                                                                古参 kosan – senior, old-timer, veteran
                                                                                新参 shinzan – newcomer
                                                                    私の 意見 では 勝つ こと より
                                                                    参加 する ことに 意義が ある
                                                                    watashi no iken dewa katsu koto yori
                                                                    sanka suru koto ni igi ga aru – In my
                                                                    opinion participation is more important
                                                                    than winning
    サン san           approve, praise    looks like two people in    賛成 sansei – approval, agreement,
賛                                       the background are          support
                                        cheering and praising the   賛美 sanbi – praise, admiration
                                        radical at the front        賛同 sandou – approval, endorsement
                                                                    自賛 jisan – self-praise
                                                                    画賛 gasan – legend (text) on a chart
                                                                    山田さんの意見に 全く 賛成だ
                                                                    Yamada-san no iken ni mattaku sansei da
                                                                    – I am in complete agreement with Mr
                                                                    Yamada
    ザン zan           remain, ruthless   the タ is holding a big      残金 zankin – balance, surplus
残   のこ(る) noko(ru)                      hammer and is chasing       残酷 zankoku – cruel, ruthless
    のこ(す) noko(su)                      the right-hand radical      残高 zandaka – balance, remainder
                                        because it is cruel and     残念 zannen – regret, disappointment
                                        ruthless
                                                                    残業 zangyou – overtime
                                                                    上司に 残業 させられた ん だよ
                                                                    joushi ni zangyou saserareta n da yo – My
                                                                    boss made me work overtime
    シ shi            thread, string     this could be a ball of     一糸 isshi – a thread, a stitch
糸   いと ito                              yarn (thread)               毛糸 keito – wollen yarn
                                                                    綿糸 menshi – cotton yarn
                                                            糸口 itoguchi – beginning, first step, clue

    シ shi     tooth                                     歯科医 shikai – dentist
                              looks like a tooth that has
歯   は ha                      plaque on it, with the rot乳歯 nyuushi – baby teeth
                              at the top                永久歯 eikyuu shi – permanent teeth
                                                        歯磨き ha migaki – toothpaste, brushing
                                                        one‟s teeth
    シ shi     finger, point   a baby on a stool is      指示 shiji – indication, pointing out
指   ゆび yubi                   pointing out something to 指導 shidou – guidance, instruction
                              his mummy                 指定 shitei – appointment, authorization
                                                        指定する shitei suru – to specify
                                                        指摘 shiteki – pointing out
                                                        指紋 shimon – fingerprint
                                                        親指 oya yubi – thumb
                                                        足の指 ashi no yubi – toe
                                                        指圧 shiatsu - accupressure
    シ shi     history         a wizened old man with    史学 shigaku – history (field of study)
史                             whiskers is talking about 史料 shiryou – historical materials
                              history                   (records)
                                                        歴史 rekishi – history
                                                        日本史 nihon shi – Japanese history
                                                        中国の 歴史は 日本の 歴史 より
                                                        古い です chuugoku no rekishi wa
                                                        nihon no rekishi yori furui desu – The
                                                        history of China is older than that of Japan
    シ shi              officiate                                   司会 shikai – presiding, officiating
司   つかさど(る)                                                        司令 shirei - command
    tsukasado(ru)                                                  司令官 shireikan – commander
                                                                   上司 jyoushi – superior officer
                                                                   寿司 sushi – raw fish and rice
    シ shi              branch, support   under the gound there are 支持 shiji – support, backing
支   ささ(える) sasa(eru)                     supporting roots          支店 shiten – branch (office, store)
                                                                   支給 shikyuu – provision, supply,
                                                                   payment
                                                                   支度 shitaku – arrangement, preparation
    シ shi              resources         part of buy 買う(kau) is    資格 shikaku – qualificatinos,
資                                        here, because you have to requirements
                                         buy resources             資源 shigen – resources
                                                                   資金 shikin – funds, capital
                                                                   資産 shisan – property, fortune
                                                                   資本 shihon – funds, capital
    カン kan             simple            it is simple for two      簡単 kantan – simple
簡                                        pidgeons to get past a    簡単でした kantan dehita – it was easy
                                         gate 門 (mon)              簡潔 kanketsu – simplicity
                                                                   この本棚は 組み立てが 簡単だ
                                                                   kono hondana wa kumitate ga kantan da –
                                                                   This bookshelf is easy to assemble
    カン kan             dry               looks like a spike you    干渉 kanshou – interference, intervention
干   ほ(す) ho(su)                          drive deep into the       欄干 rankan – handrail, bannister
                                         ground to find water
                                         when it is dry
    カン kan              roll up, volume   the backwards „S‟ shape     巻き maki – Maki sushi (rolled)
巻   ま(く) ma(ku)                           at the bottom is a strip    巻頭 kantou – opening page of a book
    ま(き) ma(ki)                           being rolled up             鉢巻 hachi maki - headband
    カン kan              watch, care for   looks like a big hand 手     看護婦 kangofu – nurse
看   み(る) mi(ru)                           (te) caring for a baby in a 看板 kanban - signboard
                                          cot
    カン kan              sweet             looks like a big tongue     甘受 kanju – submission to, putting up
甘   あま(い) ama(i)                          tasting sweet things        with
    あま(える) ama(eru)                                                   甘露 kanro – nectar
    あま(やかす)                                                           君は その結果を 甘受 すべき だ
    ama(yakasu)                                                       kimi wa sono kekka o kanju subeki da –
                                                                      You should abide by the consequences
    カン kan              sweat             the stick man needs a       汗顔 kangan – ashamed
汗   あせ ase                                shower (water, left         汗腺 kansen – sweat gland
                                          radical) because he is
                                          sweaty
    カン kan              exchange          the top of fish 魚 (sakan) 交換 koukan – exchange, interchange
換   か(える) ka(eru)                         can be seen and four 四      換気 kanki – ventilation
    か(わる) ka(waru)                        (yon) is below, so          換算 kansan – conversion, evaluate
                                          perhaps four fish are       転換 tenkan – convert
                                          being exchanged for a       彼は 何で も お金に 換算 して
                                          tree
                                                                      しまう kare wa nan de mo okane ni
                                                                      kansan shite shimau – He thinks of
                                                                      everything in terms of money
    カン kan              dry               a car 車 (kuruma) has        乾杯 kanpai – cheers (toast)
乾   か(わく) ka(waku)                        „Z‟ero petrol left so it is 乾燥 kansou – dry, arid
    か(わかす) ka(wakasu)                     dry                         肌が 乾燥 して います hada ga
                                                            kansou shite imasu – my skin is dry

    カン gan              round                               弾丸 dangan – bullet
丸   まる maru                                                 日の丸 hinomaru – The Japanese Flag
    まる(い) maru(i)
    まる(める) maru(meru)
    カン kan              ring                                環境 kankyou – environment,
環   わ wa                                                    circumstances
                                                            環状線 kanjyousen – loop line
    シ shi               branch   tree 木 (ki) + branch 支     枝葉末節 shiyoumassetsu – branches and
枝   えだ eda                       (shi(sha – company         leaves, unimportant details
                                 branch)) = tree branch     枝川 eda gawa – branch of a river
                                                            枝豆 edamame – green soy beans
                                                            楊枝 youji - toothpick
    シ shi               master   looks like government 官    講師 koushi – lecturer, speaker
師                                (kan) and market 市         師匠 shishou – master, teacher
                                 (ichi), and the            医師 ishi – doctor
                                 government is the master   教師 kyoushi – teacher, instructor
                                 of the economy (market)    技師 gishi – engineer
                                                            絵師 eshi – painter
                                                            経験は 最良の 教師で ある keiken
                                                            wa sairyou no kyoushi de aru –
                                                            Experience is the best teacher
JLPT Level 1 Kanji
               アa                 sub-, Asia                                         亜細亜 ajia - Asia
  亜                                                                                  アジア – Asia (usual spelling)
               アイ ai              helpless, sorrow,                                  垢を落とす aka o otosu – Wash off the
  哀            あわ(れ) awa(re)      misery                                             dirt
               アイ ai              greeting, salutation                               挨拶 aisatsu – greetings
  挨                                                                                  挨拶状 aisatsu jyou – greeting card
               コウ kou             dirt, filth            soil 土 (do) + „F‟ilth are
  垢            あか aka                                    dirty
               アク aku             grasp, seize, mould,                               握手 akushu - handshake
  握            にぎ(る) nigi(ru)
                                  sushi
               ショウ shou           yearning, longing,                                 憧れる akogareru – long for, admire
  憧            あこが(れ) akoga(re)   aspiration
               あつか(う) atsuka(u)   handle, deal with,                                 あつかい atsukai – treatment, service
  扱                               treat
               ワク waku            certain, some                                      或いは aruiha – or, possibly
  或            ある aru                                                                或る日 aru hi – one day... (start of a
                                                                                     story)
               イi                 take                                               威嚇 ikaku – menace, threat
  威                                                                                  威厳 igen - dignity
               イi                 good, advantage,       looks like a tank which     為さる nasaru – to do (honouriffic)
  為            ため tame            benefit,               gives you a huge            なす nasu – to do
                                                         advantage and benefit
                                  in order to, because
                                  of
    ジョウ jyou            jailer, military rank                               大尉 taii - captain
尉   いi                                                                      中尉 chuui – lieutenant, first lieutenant
                                                                            尐尉 shoui – second lieutenant
    イi                  leave, bequeath,        looks like a person sitting 遺言 yuigon - will, testament
遺   ユイ yui              reserve                 in a seat reserving it for
    のこ(す) noko(su)                              someone
    ワン wan              bowl                    shares a radical with sand   茶碗 chawan – rice bowl, teacup
碗                                               砂 (suna) and bowls can
                                                be made from sand
    ワク waku             beguile (trickery),     this kanji beguiles you      困惑 konwaku - embarassment, confusion
惑   まど(う) mado(u)       bewilder                into thinking about          惑星 waku sei – planets
                                                emotions 心 (shin)            誘惑 yuu waku - temptation
    イi                  support, fasten,        use a thread 糸 (ito) to      維新 ishin – restoration
維                                               make a net for support       維持 iji - upkeep
                        rope, fibre
    イi                  comfort, consolation,   a military officer has       慰安 ian – consolation, comfort
慰   なぐさ(める)             amusement               feelings 心 (shin) so he      慰謝 isha – consolation, solace
    nagusa(meru)                                needs comfort                慰問 imon – visit, to give comfort (to
    なぐさ(む) nagusa(mu)                                                        those in hospital)
                                                                             慰労金 iroukin – bonus, reward
                                                                             老人ホームを 慰問する roujin ho-mu
                                                                             o imon suru – Visit an old people‟s home
    イi                  horizontal              the thread 糸 (ito) looks     緯度 ido - latitude
緯                                               vertical but wrong 違う
                                                (chigau) – it is horizontal
    ジ ji                samurai                 a samurai is a person (left 七人の 侍を 見ました か shichi
侍   さむらい samurai                                radical) who is special 特 nin no samurai o mimashita ka – Did you
(toku)   see 7 Samurai?
Miscellaneous Kanji
               トウ tou          this,                 hit yourself to learn this   本当 hontou – really
  当            あ(たる) a(taru)                         kanji – it is everywhere     本当ですか hontou desu ka – really?
                               hit,                                               当駅 toueki – this railway station
                                                                                  当時 touji – old times, those days
                               right, appropriate,
                                                                                  当面 toumen (no) – present, immediate
                               himself                                            当人 tounin – the person in question
                                                                                  当世風 tousei(fuu) – up to date, current,
                                                                                  (in fashion)
                                                                                  当用 touyou – daily use
                                                                                  当座 touza – the time being
                                                                                  当然 touzen – natural, rightful
Verbs Kanji
              ヨク yoku            bathe, pour     water radical on the left      浴びる abiru – bathe, pour
  浴           あ(びる) a(biru)                      and it looks like the hut is   浴びせる abiseru – to throw
              あ(びせる) a(biseru)                   bathing (water is pouring      シャワーを浴びる shawaa o abiru – to
                                                 onto it)                       take a shower
                                                                                日光浴 nikkouyoku – to sunbathe
              ヨウ you             hoist,                                         揚げる ageru – to fry
  揚           あ(げる) a(geru)                                                     旗を揚げる hata o ageru – hoist a flag
                                 fry,                                           凧を揚げる tako o ageru – fly a kite
                                 land
                                                                                乗客たちは 船から陸に 揚がった
                                                                                joukyaku tachi wa fune kara riku ni agatta
                                                                                – The passengers landed from a ship
              セン sen             wash                                           洗う arau – to wash
  洗           あら(う) a(rau)                                                      洗濯 sentaku – washing
                                                                                食事の前に 手を洗いなさい shokuji
                                                                                no mae ni te o arai nasai – Wash (clean)
                                                                                your hands before a meal
              ユウ yuu             play                                           遊ぶ asobu – to play
  遊           あそ(ぶ) aso(bu)                                                     遊園地 yuuenchi – a recreation ground
                                                                                子供たちが 砂場で 遊んで います
                                                                                kodomotachi ga sunaba de asonde imasu –
                                                                                Children are playing in the sandpit
              セン sen             choose, elect                                  選ぶ erabu – to choose
  選           えら(ぶ) era(bu)                                                     選挙 senkyo – election
                                                                                好きな数を一つ 選んで ください
                                                                                sukina kazu o hitotsu erande kudasai –
                                              Please select one of your favourite
                                              numbers
     ゾウ zou             increase              増える fueru - to proliferate, increase
増    ふ(える) fu(eru)                            川の水かさが増してきた kawa no mizu
     ま(す) ma(su)                              kasa ga masite kita – The river is rising
                        hold out, do one‟s    頑張る ganbaru – to try one‟s best
頑張   がんば(る) ganba(ru)   best                  頑張れ!ganbare! – Come on / Keep
                                              going!
る
     り ri               put on (for feet),    履く haku - to put on (shoes or socks)
履    は(く) ha(ku)                              契約を履行する keiyaku o rikou suru –
                        fulfilment            to execute a contract
     フツ futsu           dust,                 払う harau – to pay for, to dust
払    はら(う) hara(u)                            彼女は机の上の埃を払った kanojo wa
                        pay                   tsukue no ue no hokori o haratta – She
                                              dusted the desktop
                                              お金の無い人のために、別の支払い
                                              方法が あります okane no nai hito no
                                              tame ni, betsu no siharai houhou ga
                                              arimasu – There is an alternate payment
                                              method
     シュウ shuu           pick up, flag down,   拾う hirou – find, pick up, flag down (a
拾    ひろ(う) hiro(u)      ten                   taxi)
                                              道で財布を 拾った miti de saifu o
                                              hirotta – I found a wallet on the road
     きょ kyo             exist, live, house    居る iru – to exist (animate objects)
居    い(る) i(ru)                               居住者 kyojuusha – resident
                                             何にかが この部屋に 居るのを 感
                                             じる – I feel something being in this
                                             room.
                                             誰か、そこに 居るのですか?dareka,
                                             sokoni iru no desu ka – Is there anybody
                                             in there?
    ツウ tsuu            painful, hurt         痛める itameru – to afflict, hurt
痛   いた(い) itai                               足が痛い ashi ga itai – I have sore feet
    いた(める) ita(meru)                         足を 痛めた ashi o itameta – I injured
                                             my foot
    ゲン gen             say, tell, meaning,   言う iu – to say, tell
言   ゴン gon             language, statement   人の言葉お 理解する 能力が ある
    こと koto                                  ゴリラ – a gorilla that has the ability to
    い(う) i(u)                                understand human language
                                             遺言が あれば 聞こう yuigon ga
                                             areba kikou – If you have your last words,
                                             I‟ll listen
    ヒ hi               suffer,               被る kaburu – put on (headwear)
被   かぶ(る) kabu(ru)                           被る koumuru – to suffer
    こうむ(る) koumuru     put on (for head)
    ゲン gen             limit, restrict       限る kagiru – to be limited to
限   かぎ(る) kagi(ru)
    か(む) ka(mu)        bite, chew            噛む kamu – to bite, chew
噛
    ショウ shou           win, surpass          勝つ katsu – to win, defeat an opponent
勝   か(つ) ka(tsu)                             勝る masaru – to be superior to
     ま(さる) masa(ru)

     ヘン hen             change, be different      変わる kawaru – to change
変    か(わる) ka(waru)     (from normal state)       変更 henkou – change, modification
                                                  変革 henkaku – change, reform
                                                  変な hen(na) – odd, clumsy
     タン tan             train, forge              鍛える kitaeru – train, strengthen
鍛    きた(える) kita(eru)                             (oneself)
     く(れる) kureru       (other) give              呉れる kureru – give, do a favour for
呉
     キョク kyoku          music,                    曲がる magaru – turn (around a corner)
曲    ま(がる) ma(garu) /                             曲げる mageru – twist
     ま(げる) ma(geru)     curve, turn               そこで、道が 右へ曲がっている –
                                                  soko de, miti ga migi e magatte iru –
                                                  There the road curves to the right
     フ fu               negative                  負かす makasu – to defeat, beat (make an
負    ま(かす) ma(kasu)     (maths/physics),          opponent lose)
     ま(ける) ma(keru)                               負ける makeru – to lose
                        lose,                     負う ou – to take, to assume
     お(う) o(u)
                                                  この件に ついては、私が責任を 負
                        carry (an object),
                                                  います kono ken ni tsuite wa watashi ga
                        take (responsibility)     sekinin o oimasu – I‟ll take responsibility
                                                  for this matter
     め(し)あ(がる)          eat (polite espression)   召し上がる meshiagaru – eat (polite)
召し   me(shi)a(garu)
上が
る
     マ ma               brush, polish, grind,     磨く migaku – brush (teeth), polish (a
磨    みが(く) miga(ku)                               skill)
                        improve, refine           技を磨く waza o migaku – to improve
                                                  one‟s skills
     カン kan             watch, see                観る miru - to watch
観    み(る) mi(ru)                                  観賞 kanshou – enjoy seeing (beautiful
                                                  charm of a thing)
                                                  芝居を見る sibai o miru – to see a play
     シン shin            examine                   診る miru – to examine
診    み(る) mi(ru)
     もら(う) mora(u)      get, be given, receive,   貰う morau – to receive
貰                                                 父から辞書を 貰った chichi kara jisho
                        take (a wife), adopt (a   o moratta – I was given a dictionary from
                        child),                   my father
                                                  かれは あの器量 よしを 嫁に 貰
                        win,
                                                  った kare wa ano kiryou yoshi o yome ni
                                                  moratta – He married that good-looking
                        pick up (disease)
                                                  woman
     ゲイ gei             meet, greet               迎える mukaeru – to meet, greet (from
迎    むか(える) muka(eru)                             the airport)

                                                  迎春 geishun – Happy New Year
                                              飛行場で 彼を 迎えた hikoujou de
                                              kare o mukaeta – I went to meet him at
                                              the airport
    チョク choku          straight               直す naosu – to fix, repair
直   ジキ jiki                                   空港へ 直接 行く kuukou e
    ただちに tada(chini)   in a moment, soon      chokusetsu iku – I went to meet him at the
    なお(す) nao(su)                             airport
                       fix, repair
    なお(る) nao(ru)
    ミン min             sleep, sleepy          眠る nemuru – to sleep
眠   ねむ(る) nemu(ru)                            睡眠 sleep, slumber
                                              九時に 眠った ku ji ni numutta – I
                                              went to sleep at nine
    シン shin            lie down, go to bed,   寝る neru – to sleep, to go to bed, to lie
寝   ね(る) ne(ru)                               down
                       have sex               就寝時間 shuushinn jikan – time for bed
                                              あなたは いつも何時に 寝ます か
                                              anata wa itsumo nan ji ni nemasu ka –
                                              What time do you usually go to bed?
    イン in              drink, swallow,        飲む nomu – to drink
飲   飲(む) no(mu)                               飲料水 inryousui – drinking water
                       take (medicine)
    ジョウ jou                                   乗る noru – to get on (a bus)
乗   の(る) no(ru)                               乗せる noseru – to pick up
    の(せる) no(seru)
    ラク raku                                   落ちる ochiru – to drop
落   お(ちる) o(chiru)                            落とす otosu – to lose
    お(とす) o(tosu)
    チ chi                        遅れる okureru – to be late for, to lag
遅   おく(れる) oku(reru)             behind
    セツ setsu                     折る oru – to break
折   お(れる) o(reru)                折れる oreru – to break
    お(る) o(ru)
    おり ori
    タン tan                       探す sagasu – to look for
探   さが(す) saga(su)               探る saguru – to feel for
    さ(ぐる) sa(guru)
    ヘイ hei                       閉める shimeru – to close
閉   し(める) shi(meru)
    と(じる) to(jiru)
                                 信じる shinjiru – to believe
信   しん(じる) shin(jiru)
    シン shin                      進む susumu – to advance, progress
進   すす(む) susu(mu)
    スウ suu              inhale   数 suu – to smoke, inhale
数   かぞ(える) kazo(eru)             数える kazoeru – to count
    かず kazu
    ジョ jo                        助けて ください tasukete kudasai –
助   たす(ける) tasu(keru)            please help
    セン sen                       戦え!tatakae! – fight!
戦   いくさ ikusa
    たたか(う) tatakau
    リツ ritsu                                        立つ tatsu – to stand
立   リュウ ryuu
    た(てる) ta(teru)
    た(つ) ta(tsu)
    ホウ hou                                          訪ねる tazuneru – to visit
訪   たず(ねる) tazu(neru)                               訪れる otozureru – to visit
    おとず(れる)
    otozu(reru)
    ライ rai                                          頼む tanomu – request
頼   たの(む) tano(mu)                                  頼る tayoru – to depend on
    たの(もしい)
    tano(moshii)
    たよ(る) tayo(ru)
    ヒ hi                                            飛ぶ tobu – to fly
飛   と(ぶ) to(bu)                                     飛ばす tobasu – to send, to fly
    と(ばす) to(basu)
                                                    届ける todokeru – to deliver
届   とど(ける) todo(keru)                               届く todoku – reach, be received
    とど(く) todo(ku)
    ハク haku              if you‟re staying          泊まる tomaru – to stay overnight
泊   と(まる) to(maru)       overnight you can have a   泊める tomeru – to take in, to
    と(める) to(meru)       drink (looks like a tall   accommodate
                         cup)
    ヒ hi                                            疲れる tsukareru – to tire
疲   つか(れ) tsuka(re)
    つか(れる) tsuka(reru)
     キン kin                                  勤める tsutomeru – to work for, to hold a
勤    ゴン gon                                  post
     つと(める) tsuto(meru)                      勤まる tsutomaru – to be equal, to be fit
     つと(まる) tsuto(maru)
     ゾク zoku                                 続ける tsudukeru - to continue
続    つづ(く) tsudu(ku)
     つづ(ける) tsudu(keru)
                                             酔っ払う yopparau – to be drunk
酔っ   よっぱら(う) yoppara(u)

払
     キ ki                 happy, delighted   喜ぶ yorokobu – to be happy, delighted
喜    よろこ(ぶ) yoroko(bu)
     キ ki                                    寄る yoru – to stop by, drop in
寄    よ(る) yo(ru)                             寄せる yoseru – to bring close together
     よ(せる) yo(seru)
     ショウ shou             laughter           笑う warau – to laugh
笑    わら(う) wara(u)                           明日の ことを 言えば 天井で ね
     え(む) e(mu)                              ずみが 笑う asu no koto o ieba tenjou
                                             de nezumi ga warau – If you talk about
                                             tomorrow the mouse in the ceiling laughs
                                             (proverb)
     ボウ bou               forget             すっかり 忘れました sukkari
忘    わす(れる) wasu(reru)                       wasuremashita – I completely forgot
     ト to                                    渡す watasu – hand over
渡    わた(す) wata(su)                          渡る wataru – to cross, to get across
    わた(る) wata(ru)




    バン ban           evening, night    今晩は konbanwa – good evening
晩                                      今晩 konban – this evening
                                       晩ご飯 ban gohan – dinner
    シュウ shuu         week              週末 shuumatsu – weekend
週                                      先々週 sensenshuu – two weeks ago
                                       先週 senshuu - last week
                                       今週 konshuu – this week
                                       来週 raishuu – next week
                                       来来週 rairaishuu – two weeks‟ time
    ユ yu             oil               油田 yuden – oil field
油   あぶら abura                          石油 sekiyu – petroleum
                                       油と 水を混ぜる 事は出来ない
                                       abura to mizu o mazeru koto wa dekinai –
                                       You cannot mix oil and water
    タク taku          home              お宅 otaku – your home
宅                                      お宅 otaku – a „geek‟
                                        帰宅 する kitaku suru – to go home
    キャク kyaku        guest, customer   客 kyaku – customer
客                                      乗客 jyou kyaku - passenger
    ゆき yuki          snow              雪 yuki – snow
雪                                      雪国 yuki guni – a snowy country
    ド do            degree, frequency   一度 ichido – once
度                                       もう一度 おねがいします mou ichi do
                                        onegaishimasu – once more please
                                        (“please repeat”)
                                        今度 kondo – next time
    ソク soku         fast, speedy        速度 sokudo – speed
速   はや(い) haya(i)                       速達 soku tatsu – express delivery
    ドウ dou          street              北海道 hokkaidou – Hokkaido (northern
道   みち michi                            Japanese island)
                                        長い道 nagai michi – a long road
                                        赤道 seki dou – equator
                                        車道 shadou - roadway
    セイ sei          fine, clear up      素晴らしい subarashii - wonderful
晴   は(れ) ha(re)                         晴れる hareru – to clear up
    は(れる)ha(reru)                       晴天 seiten – fine weather

    ジ ji            temple              寺 tera – temple
寺   てら tera
    フ fu            husband             夫 otto – one‟s husband
夫   おっと otto                            夫婦 fuufu – a married couple
    かれ kare         he                  彼 kare – he
彼   かの kano                             彼女 kanojo – she
                                        彼ら karera - they
    わか(い) waka(i)   young               若さ wakasa – youthfulness
若                                       若者 wakamono – a young man
    ドウ dou              work                   don‟t confuse with 動く       働く hataraku – to work
働   はたら(く) hatara(ku)                          (ugoku – move) – notice     労働 roudou - labour
                                               the i on the left meaning
                                               person
    ブ bu                department, section,                               部分 bubun – a part, section
部                       club                                               全部 zenbu - all
    エキ eki              station                                            駅長 eki chou – stationmaster
駅                                                                          駅員 ekiin – station employee
    シャ sha              shrine, company,                                   会社 kaisha – a company
社   ジャ ja               assembling                                         社会 shakai – a society
                                                                           社長 shachou – company president
    テツ tetsu            iron                                               鉄槌 tettsui – iron fist (karate move)
鉄                                                                          地下鉄 chikatetsu - subway
    ショ sho              place, that which                                  所 tokoro – place
所   ジョ jyo                                                                 台所 daidokoro – kitchen
    ところ tokoro                                                             事務所 jimusho – an office
    バン ban              number, order                                      一番 ichiban – number one
番                                                                          電話番号 denwabangou – telephone
                                                                           number
                                                                           交番 kouban – police box
    シ shi               city, market                                       市 shi – city
市   いち ichi                                                                市場 ichiba / 市場 shi jou – a market
                                                                           市長 shi chou – a mayor
                                                                           市民 shimin - citizen
    ト to                capital, big city                                  都会 tokai – urban area
都                                                                          都市 toshi – big city
                                               東京 tokyou - Tokyo

    フ fu               administrative,         大阪府 oosaka fu – Osaka prefecture
府                      prefecture              政府 seifu - government
    ケン ken             (also) prefecture       県 ken – a prefecture
県
    トウ tou             island                  島 shima – island
島   しま shima                                   島国 shima guni – an island nation
    リュウ ryu            stay, detain            書留 kaki tome – a registered letter
留   と(まる) to(maru)                             留学 ryuugaku – to study abroad
    と(める) to(meru)
    シュク shuku          lodging, dwelling       宿題 shukudai – homework
宿                                              宿泊する shukuhaku suru – to stay
                                               宿舎 shuku sha – a dormitory
    セイ sei             administration          政治 seiji – politics
政                                              行政 gyousei – administration
                                               政府 seifu – a government
    ジ ji               govern                  治す naosu – to cure, fix
治   おさ(まる) osa(maru)                           政治家 seijika – a politician
    おさ(める) osa(meru)
    なおる nao(ru)
    なおす nao(su)
    ケイ kei             control, pass through   経済 keizai – economy
経                                              経営する keiei suru – to manage
                                               経由 keiyu – via, by way of
    レキ reki   career         歴史 rekishi – history
歴                            学歴 gakureki – one‟s educational
                             background
    カ ka      goods, money   硬貨 kouka – coin
貨                            雑貨 zakka – sundries, misc. goods
                             この 千円札を百円 硬貨 十個に
                             替えてください kono sen en satsu o
                             hyaku en kouka jyukko ni kaete kudasai –
                             Please change (break) this 1000 yen bill
                             into ten 100 yen coins
                             五分ばかり この道を行けば、右手に
                             その百貨店が あります gofun bakari
                             kono michi o ikeba, migite ni sono
                             hyakkaten ga arimasu – If you go down
                             the street for about five minutes, and you
                             will see the Department store to the right
Writing Kanji:
   The order and direction of strokes is as follows.
Left to right
Top to bottom

Always write downward

Reading Japanese:
  When reading Japanese it is either left to right (if in a horizontal line) or vertical top to bottom, right to left.

Hello World

W    H
 o   e
 r   l
 l   l
d    o


ダニエル Daniel
グレンフィールド                        Glenfield

オックスフォード                        Oxford
Masashi
http://massyoggy.spaces.live.com/

Daniel
http://www.dglenfield.co.uk

								
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