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William Bradford s “Of Plymouth Plantation”

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					William Bradford’s “Of Plymouth Plantation”
Some other interesting facts about this piece:
    Bradford was trained to farm.
    At the age of twelve, he became part of a small group of Nonconformists. It was
       illegal for them to worship publicly.
    Fearing their lives they fled to Holland and were later financed to go to America.
    Bradford was elected governor of the colony (30 times).
    The Pilgrims expected to settle in Virginia within the grant area of the London
       Company, but they landed too far north, outside the area controlled by the
       company. Uncertain of their status because they had no legal government, they
       created the Mayflower Compact while still aboard ship, the first agreement by a
       Colonial group in North America to govern itself. This document established
       majority rule by the male members of the church.
    In an earlier part of Bradford’s narrative not included in this section, he tells how
       the Pilgrims had several times taken corn and beans from the Indians without
       permission, in essence stole, although he says they planned to and did repay them
       six months later.
    For the Puritans worldly prosperity was God’s sign of having placed them among
       the elect. By 1648, the Pilgrims had finished paying off their debts to the
       merchants who had financed their voyage, and they had developed a profitable
       trade in corn and cattle with the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and were trading
       furs. Perhaps these changes gave rise to the claim by some that Puritan industry
       fostered the rise of capitalism.


   I.      Plain style—plain, unornamented, and simple. Uses simple sentences and
           everyday words from the common speech (of Puritans). Does not use figures
           of speech or imagery. It imitates the Bible.
   II.     Point of view—What is Bradford’s point of view? Why choose this style?



   III.    Find evidence of the attitude toward God in this piece. Use direct quotations
           from the piece.
           A.

           B.

           C.

           D.

           E.
IV.     Find evidence of the attitude toward society.

        A.



        B.



        C.

V.      Find evidence of the attitude toward nature, citing specific lines

        A.

        B.

        C.

VI.     What virtues do the Pilgrims possess that helped them to survive? Cite
        evidence.

VII.    Consider the treaty drawn up with Massasoit and explain whether or not you
        feel its terms were equally favorable to both parties.




VIII.   One event that Bradford does not describe is the death of his wife, who either
        fell or jumped overboard in Provincetown Harbor. What reason can you
        propose for omitting this?

				
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