Filed 121109 In re Peter C CA41 NOT TO BE PUBLISHED IN by keara


									Filed 12/11/09 In re Peter C. CA4/1
California Rules of Court, rule 8.1115(a), prohibits courts and parties from citing or relying on opinions not certified for
publication or ordered published, except as specified by rule 8.1115(b). This opinion has not been certified for publication
or ordered published for purposes of rule 8.1115.


                                                  DIVISION ONE

                                           STATE OF CALIFORNIA

In re PETER C. et al., Persons Coming
Under the Juvenile Court Law.
                                                                 (Super. Ct. No. EJ1641C-E)
         Plaintiff and Respondent,



         Defendant and Appellant.

         APPEAL from orders of the Superior Court of San Diego County, Carol Isackson,

Judge. Dismissed.

         William C., father of dependent minors Peter C., Jennifer C. and Melissa C.

(collectively, the minors), appeals after the juvenile court continued a family maintenance

review hearing and set the matter for a contested hearing at William's request. William

seeks to challenge the court's tentative evidentiary ruling and interim visitation order,
both of which the court later addressed at the contested hearing. We dismiss the appeal

as moot.


       The lengthy factual and procedural history of this case is set forth in this court's

prior opinions and need not be restated here. (In re Peter C. (Mar. 9, 2009, D053567)

[nonpub. opn.]; In re Peter C. (Sept. 11, 2009, D054365) [nonpub. opn.]; In re Peter C.

(Oct. 9, 2009, D054906) [nonpub. opn.]; In re Peter C. (Dec. 3, 2009, D055032)

[nonpub. opn.].) Instead, we focus on events that are relevant to the June 22, 2009,

hearing at issue in this appeal.

       In a report prepared for the June 22 family maintenance review hearing, the social

worker for the San Diego County Health and Human Services Agency (Agency)

recommended that the court continue its jurisdiction, continue placement of the minors

with their mother Tammy, terminate William's services, and continue supervised visits

for William.

       William has been in a sober living facility since December 2008. He denied

having an alcohol problem or history of violent behavior, and refused to participate in

services. Melissa was the only child who was willing to attend recent visits with

William. William threatened to go to Tammy's house if the minors did not show up for a

scheduled visit. Although Tammy supports the minors having a relationship with

William, she is concerned about his behavior and his anger toward her.

       On June 17, 2009, William filed a Welfare and Institutions Code 1 section 388

petition for modification seeking unsupervised visits with the minors, or alternatively,

visits with the minors supervised by the director of the sober living facility where

William lives. William alleged that Tammy and the social worker had been preventing

visits from taking place, and that the minors need and want to see him.

       The matter came before the court for a family maintenance review hearing on June

22, at which William appeared in propria persona. The court acknowledged having

received William's section 388 modification petition. The court explained the scope of

the family maintenance review hearing and the nature of Agency's recommendations, and

informed William that he had a right to contest those recommendations. The court stated

that William could not challenge placement of the minors with Tammy, noting that its

ruling was "tentative." The court granted William's request for a contested hearing.

       The court also found that William's section 388 modification petition was

incomplete in that he had left certain sections blank. The court denied the petition

without prejudice and took the matter off calendar.

       As to visitation, William stated at the hearing that he was having some visits with

Melissa and telephone calls with Jennifer and Peter. He also had a supervised visit with

all three minors on June 19 at Crisis House. William's interaction with the staff at Crisis

House caused them to refuse to supervise future visits. The court confirmed its orders for

1      Statutory references are to the Welfare and Institutions Code.

supervised visitation between William and the minors, and directed Agency to follow up

with a plan for further supervised visits at a time that was convenient for everyone



         William purports to challenge the court's visitation orders and its ruling denying

his request to present evidence regarding the minors' placement with Tammy. County

Counsel responds that William's appeal should be dismissed because the challenged

orders and the ruling are nonappealable, and have been rendered moot by the subsequent

hearing. In a letter to the court, William concedes that the issues he raised in his opening

brief are now moot and that he should raise them in the appeal he filed on September 25,


         An appellate court will not review questions that are moot and only of academic

interest, nor will it determine abstract questions of law at the request of a party who

shows no substantial rights can be affected by the decision. (In re Esperanza C. (2008)

165 Cal.App.4th 1042, 1054.) An appeal becomes moot when, through no fault of the

respondent, the occurrence of an event renders it impossible for the appellate court to

grant the appellant effective relief. (Id. at pp. 1054-1055; In re Jessica K. (2000) 79

Cal.App.4th 1313, 1315-1316.)

2      We grant Agency's request for judicial notice of William's notice of appeal, filed
on September 25, 2009, challenging: (1) the findings and orders made at the contested
family maintenance review hearing; and (2) the denial of his section 388 modification
       Here, the juvenile court made no final rulings at the family maintenance review

hearing on June 22 that affected William's rights. Instead, the court granted William's

request for a contested hearing at which he was able to participate and to present

evidence on the issues he seeks to raise in this appeal, including visitation. On

September 9, 2009, the juvenile court held an evidentiary hearing on William's section

388 modification petition, challenging the placement of the minors with Tammy. 3

William has now appealed those findings and orders, and can properly address them in

the context of his most recent appeal. The subsequent proceedings in juvenile court

render this appeal moot. (See In re Karen G. (2004) 121 Cal.App.4th 1384, 1390.)


       The appeal is dismissed.

                                                                                AARON, J.


              McCONNELL, P. J.

                   O'ROURKE, J.

3       We grant Agency's request for judicial notice of subsequent juvenile court minute

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