TENSES IS A NEW COMER by zitiaminah



Friday, March 12, 2010

No body learns tenses a long time ago! Tenses is a new comer in modern life. every ancient
people talked by using three dimension of time, they are; present time, past time and future time.
Then they combine the three in their speaking.

When the era changed and got better than before, the way they speak got changes as well. One
day there was a man, called by a scientist, was listening to the two men's chatting. He looked so
seriously and seemed that there was something that he wrote on a piece of paper. sometimes he
shook and nodded in a strange way. Then one of the chatting man said : "What are you doing,
old man?"

"Wait!, you have just talked something right now ...!" the scientist shouted. "wait! " he said that
again. The two men got confused of what the old man (scientist) did. But when the two men took
a look at the paper, they found their speaking recorded and written down without missing
something. The two men got angry. " You must be a spy, old man!", The long hair said. "What?,
I'm not a spy!, I'am a scientist!", The old man replied. "What is it?", The two men wanted to
know more.

And then the old man explained like this;
"I'm writing for some notes Which I call them "TENSES". What is tenses?"
"Tenses is A group of formed time which is derived from three dimension of time; present time,
past time and we use it in future time. But when I listen to all people's speaking, I found various
structures and when I think it deeply, It looks like .,... for examples:

Simple Present Tense .. Yes! Simple Present Tense! I call it "present" because most of people
use this tense to express something happen in the present! yeah .. In the present time!. Besides,
they also use this tense when they want to say about habitual actions, something true according
to most of people ... I mean ... General truth and the last one is ... what say ... Ups! I almost
forgot it ... let me see ... (Talking to himself and reading his notes ....) "habitual action ...general
truth ... and ... I got it! the last one is Daily activities!.

"Well, can you show us the structure of simple present tense pattern?", asked the short hair.
"Absolutely sure, young man!. (showing other paper...). Look at this below!
"Well, Why this one is called Nominal and another is verbal?", The short hair asked suddenly.

"We call Nominal pattern because the verb which is used is in Structural-meaning-verb. In other
words, The verb (Be-present) doesn't have an exact meaning and we call this Verbal pattern
because the verb is in Lexical-meaning-verb. D'you know what the lexical is. Lexical is taken
from the word lexicon. This means a kind of dictionary. Let me say that the words that have a
certain or clear meaning is a lexical-word.

There are three kinds of Be-present which is used in Simple Present Tense. They are; /Is/, /Am/
and /Are/. Each of the be(s) has their own partner. For examples:

Be /is/ is for Subject He,She or It
Be /am/ is for Subject I
Be/are/ is for subject you, we or they.

As far as I can see that the be can not be exchange. The subject /I/ can not be placed before the
Be /is/ or /are/ and vice verse. This is a fixed rules."

"What About Do and does? What are they?", The long hair finally asked seriously.

"Do or Does is an auxilliary. Do You know what Auxilliary is? Auxilliary is a kind of helper.
Then Do/Does helps a Positive Sentence in Simple Present Tense to make Negative as well as
Interrogative sentence. Besides, The auxilliary is only used in Verbal pattern of Simple Present
Tense. The helper will come out when the positive sentence needs to be changed into negative or
interrogative. Don't forget that Do/Does is structural-meaning-word.

There is one thing I want to warn you that :

First, In Positive Verbal pattern, the present-verb can be added a suffix /-s/ or /-es/ when the verb
is ended by the letter /o/,/x/,/s/,/ss/,/ch/,/sh/ and sometimes /y/ then you must place /-es/. Beside
that, you just add /-s/.

For examples:
Go + /-es/ -----> Goes
Work + /-s/ ----> Works

Take notice the usage in a sentence!

She goes to school every 7 o'clock.

Wait! there is something left I haven't told you :

1) /-s/ or /-es/ can be used when the subject is he, she, it or singular (but not for /I/), e.g. Andi,
Budi, A cat, and so on.
2) The use of the suffix only occurs in Positive Verbal simple Present Tense. Remember That!
3) But when the positive is changed into Negative or Interrogative then you have to omit the
suffix forever. Then Place /Not/ after the Do/Does to make a negative and place the Do or does
at the beginning of the verbal sentence when you want to make it into Interrogative.

"Well, So far ... Any question?" The old man ended his talk.

"Well, ... That was so beautiful, old man ... Please teach me to speak English well ..." The two
men said together.
"Just come to my hut tonight!, you'll find that Learning English Grammar is not so Difficult. So,
Never think negatively!. Think Positively! .... and It is A MUST! ... No buts!".

Posted by ziti aminah at 4:47 AM

To top