Climate Change African Perspectives for a post-2012 Agreement by johnrr3

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									   Climate Change: African
 Perspectives for a post-2012
         Agreement


ECA Presentation to the Committee of Experts
               27 March 2008
               Addis Ababa
       Outline of the presentation


Introduction
Climate change and sustainable development
  in Africa

Facing up to the climate change challenge:
  Global response and implications for Africa

Facing up to the climate change challenge in
  Africa: Regional responses

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                  Introduction
 There is compelling evidence that climate change is
  a serious sustainable development challenge -- not
  only an environmental issue
 Climate change is caused by anthropogenic
  Greenhouse Gas (GHGs) emissions
 Energy production and use, land use change,
  especially deforestation are main sources of GHGs
  in Africa
 Climate change impacts will affect all countries
 Developing countries and the poor will bear
  disproportionately high negative impacts
 Consequently, climate change may undermine the
  ability of developing countries to achieve MDGs
                                                     3
           Climate Change and Sustainable
                Development in Africa
 Africa contributes only about 3.8% of total GHGs

 Yet African countries are among the most vulnerable
  to climate change, because of many factors:
      High poverty levels
      Heavy reliance on climate-sensitive sectors (e.g. rain-
       fed agriculture, fisheries, forests, tourism, etc.)
      Poor economic and social infrastructure
      Existing stresses on health and well being (e.g.,
       HIV/AIDS, illiteracy)
      Conflicts
      Low adaptive capacity (limited human, institutional,
       technological and financial capacities)
                                                                 4
       Climate change and Sustainable
           Development in Africa
 Africa is already witnessing impacts of Climate
  change, which will worsen with time, if decisive
  actions are not taken now:
     Constrained agricultural production and increasing food
      insecurity
     Increasing water stress and related water conflicts
     Increasing energy constraints, further impeding
      industrial development
     Expanding range and prevalence of vector-borne
      diseases (malaria, cholera, yellow fever, rift valley fever)
     Rising sea level impacting livelihoods in coastal areas
     Loss of biodiversity, forests and other natural habitats
     Increased risks of conflicts arising from climate-induced
      population migrations
                                                               5
    Facing up to the Climate Change Challenge:
                  Global Response
 A framework for continued global action shaped by the
  Bali UNFCC COP 13/Kyoto Protocol MOP 3 outcomes:
    Decision adopted to operationalise the Adaptation Fund
     for developing countries (Board Secretariat at GEF, WB
     as trustee)
    Capacity Building: submissions invited on monitoring
     and evaluation of capacity building at the national level
     by 15 August 2008
    Parties requested to continue to assist developing
     countries, particularly LDCs and SIDS, to attract CDM
     projects in Africa
    Technology Transfer: Regional training workshops and
     meetings on technologies for adaptation to be organized
    Urgent need to take further meaningful action to reduce
     emissions from deforestation in developing countries
                                                             6
    Facing up to the Climate Change Challenge:
                  Global Response

 Bali Roadmap: a two-year process of multilateral
  negotiation to finalize a post-2012 global agreement
  (regime) on climate change by December 2009

 Review of the Protocol scheduled from 2008

 Negotiations to be articulated around:
    Mitigation
    Adaptation
    Technology development and transfer
    Financing


                                                         7
      Global Response to the Climate Change
        Challenge: Implications for Africa
 Africa’s preparation to ensure that the concerns of
  the region are well articulated and reflected in post-
  2012 negotiations and decisions
 Main issues of Concern for Africa relate to:
    Modalities for the review of the Protocol (comprehensive
     revision vs. review of specific issues)
    The developmental agenda of the Convention and Protocol
    Funding and capacity building
    Need for increased participation in flexible mechanisms (e.g.
     carbon trade and CDM)
    Technology development and transfer
    Fulfilment of commitments under the Protocol by the
     developed countries
                                                                8
     Global Response to the Climate Change
       Challenge: Implications for Africa
 Need for an effective regional preparatory
  process for the negotiations of post-2012 regime,
  which:
  Effectively engages all African countries signatory
   to the Protocol, the RECs and other stakeholders
  Should effectively guide and prepare African
   countries for the review of the Protocol
  Should ensure well-articulated African consensus
   positions on post-2012 issues
  Should strengthen Africa’s negotiating position in
   all post-2012 issues following the 2008 review
                                                    9
   Facing up to the Climate Change Challenge
         in Africa: Regional Responses
 Explicit commitment at the highest political level to
  tackle climate change:
   Decisions and declaration of the Eighth Ordinary Session
    of the African Union held in January 2007
   Resolution of Fortieth session of the ECA Conference of
    African Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic
    Development

 Two-track Challenges:
   Regional preparations     for   the   post-2012   regime
    negotiations
   Mainstreaming climate change into the core development
    agenda
                                                        10
   Facing up to the Climate Change Challenge
         in Africa: Regional Responses
 Follow up through the AUC-ECA-AfDB partnership
  initiative of the Climate and Development in Africa
  (ClimDev Africa) programme to address gaps in:
  Core   development      policies,   strategies   and
   frameworks
  Climate risk management practices in priority
   climate sensitive sectors
  Climate information services for stakeholders
  Climate observations and data


                                                    11
   Facing up to the Climate Change Challenge
         in Africa: Regional Responses
 Follow up through ECA’s commitment and
  initiative to establish an African Climate Policy
  Centre (ACPC):
   For adequate delivery on the Policy component of
    the ClimDev Africa programme
   To assist, through the AUC and RECs, Africa’s
    preparation and participation to the post-2012
    regime negotiations
   To support efforts of member States in
    mainstreaming climate change concerns into their
    development policies and frameworks
                                                      12
   Facing up to the Climate Change Challenge
         in Africa: Regional Responses

 APCP: A regional capacity hub to generate and
  administer an adequate base of knowledge to address
  climate change challenge for sustainable development

 APCP will focus on climate-related:
    Policy research and analysis
    Consensus building at the regional level
    Capacity strengthening, technical advice and assistance
    Communication and outreach
    Knowledge management and peer learning (Launching of
     Knowledge sharing COP on 31 March 2008)
                                                         13
   Facing up to the Climate Change Challenge
         in Africa: Regional Responses
 African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) building on
  strong partnerships with:
    African regional and sub-regional climate institutions
     (ACMAD, ICPAC, OSS, etc.), research institutions and
     universities
    South-south cooperation with the Energy and Resources
     Institute (TERI) of India
    UNEP (special collaboration on CC economics)
    Relevant specialized UN agencies and international
     institutions

 ACPC: a Centre that needs your endorsement and
  partners’ support for immediate operationalisation
                                                              14
Thank you




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