Quiz on Indian Classical Music : Dt. 29.5.2001 Q-File 13 Qns by : G.Sreekanth . 1. It is also called the mayuri veena. It is a North Indian instrument , its resonator shaped and coloured like a peacock. It is played like a cello with the neck on the shoulder and the peacock's feet on the ground . This instrument is not in use any longer . Name the instrument . ans) Balasaraswati. 2. Bai Faizabadi ( 1914-1974) was one of the foremost exponents of what is called the Poorab Ang Thumri . How do we know her better ? ans) Begum Akhtar. 3. Which form of Hindustani classical music literally means " steady feet " ? ans) Dhrupad. 4. This gharana derives its name from a place near Saharanpur in Uttar Pradesh. The style of this gharana is distinctive with a vocal quality of gentle repose . Its raga elaboration has a distinctive design as it builds up. This style is called BARHAT. Identify the gharana. ans) Kirana Gharana. 5. It literally means " made of clay " and is made out of a scooped out single block of wood , usually a neem tree or coconut. Name the instrument. ans) Mridangam. 6. He was a great lover of music and a special devotee of the thumri form . It was under the signature of Akhtar Piya that he composed many thumris. A devotee of Lord Krishna , he supported many singers of his time who became masters of the thumri , among whom Kalka Bindadin was the foremost . Identify the person. ans) Nawab Wajid Ali Shah of Oudh. 7. What can be Deepchandi , Dhammar , Jhumra , Keherwa , Rupak , Sulfakta , Sawari , Dadra ? ans) All are various forms of Taals. 8. A bit of trivia . The ability to hear and enjoy music is the main identification of people who cannot sing but greatly appreciate the art. A term , which is also a playful variant on the name Tansen , is used to indicate those who become great lovers of music but cannot sing themselves. What is the term/word ? ans) Kaansen. 9. This seminal work of the fifth century gives a lucid explanation and account of raga classification , such as suddha , chhayalaga , sankirna . It also contains a section on Nadotpatti or the origin of nada , shruti , varna , alankara , giti , jati. It is also said to have had a chapter on musical instruments which is now lost. To get full points name the work and also the author. ans) Brihaddesi by Matanga muni. 10. What popular concert instrument gets its name from a Persian word meaning 'sweet' ? ans) Sarod.