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									Quiz #99
Dated - April 23, 2000
1. As a child in school, Gandhiji's class was visited by a school
inspector, who wanted to test the students. He asked them just one thing,
the spelling of a certain word. Only Gandhiji couldn't spell it - and
refused to listen to his teacher, who tried to prompt him, saying that he
could not cheat. Now, (and you are going to kick me for this, I fear),
What was the word Gandhiji would not spell?

2. In South Africa, as a young lawyer, one of Gandhiji's first civil
disobedience movements was against the South African government's
decision to force colored (i.e. asian) and black races to carry a pass
(which soon came to be called the "Dompas" or "Damned Pass"). Gandhiji
was imprisoned, but later released, and managed to secure significant
concessions from the South African goverment. As a parting gift, he gave
this South African soldier and statesman a pair of shoes which he had
made while in prison. Who?

3. Gandhiji involved himself in the struggle against oppressive indigo
planters in Champaran, Bihar, and the peasants there gave him a loving
nickname. What?

4. There's a scene in Attenborough's "Gandhi" where a group of
Satyagrahis (during the salt satyagraha) go forward, batch by batch, to
raid the Government Salt Works. Each batch is systematically beaten to
pulp by British cops, and their place is taken by the next batch, which
again gets beaten up (over 700 satyagrahis volunteered to get beaten up
that day - May 21, 1930). This incident was filmed by the foreign press,
shocking the world. Just name the town (a few km from Dandi) where this
took place.

On Jan 26, 1931,   Gandhiji was invited for talks (which led to the Gandhi
- Irwin Pact) by   the Viceroy, Lord Irwin. At the Viceregal Lodge (it's
now Rashtrapathi   Bhavan), Lord Irwin served him tea, to which Gandhiji
added a spoonful   of salt. Why did he do this?

After retiring from active politics in the mid 1930s, Gandhiji built
himself a small ashram (more of a rural community) in a village called
Segaon, modeled, like his earlier communities (Phoenix Farm etc), after
John Ruskin's ideas. This soon became a major hub in the Indian freedom
struggle. What did Gandhiji rename the ashram?

7. In 1941, Sir Stafford Cripps came to India with a proposal to grant
freedom after the war, along with a constitution drafted by Indians. It
however gave states and provinces the permission to opt out of this. How
did Gandhiji describe this proposal? [memorable phrase]

8. In 1946, following Jinnah's call for a "Direct Action Day", Hindu-
Muslim riots broke out all over the country. Thanks to the inaction of
H.S.Suhrawardy's Muslim League cabinet in Bengal, the riots were
especially vicious there. Gandhiji spent four months in a remote district
of Bengal trying to keep the peace. Name this place.
9. Now for the last part - the assasination. Where was Gandhiji staying
when he was assasinated?


Answers to quiz #99

1. Kettle

2. Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts. Smuts later said that "he was not
fit to stand in those shoes".

3. Bapu (or Father)

4. Dharasana

5. In his own words - "Thank you. I will add some salt to it to remind us
of the Boston Tea Party"

6. Sevagram (near Wardha in Maharashtra)

7. "A post dated cheque on a crashing bank"

8. Noakhali (which is now in Bangladesh). For what it's worth, Gandhiji
later (in late 1946) saved Suhrawardy from an angry mob, calming the
crowd down.

9. Birla House, Delhi, which was put at his disposal by one of his close
associates - the industrialist Ghanshyam Das (G.D) Birla.


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