WSHOP HAWAI A VARGAS by liwenting

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									            T-PARC – CNES PARTICIPATION
                                 -
                  DRIFTSONDE BALLOON CAMPAIGN
                                 -
                  A. VARGAS (andre.vargas@cnes.fr)




Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
                                                 CNES BALLOON ACTIVITIES (1/4)
■ DEVELOPMENTS AND OPERATIONS OF
  BALLOON SYSTEMS SINCE 1963 TO
  EMBARK SCIENTIFIC PAYLOAD/GONDOLA

■ THE CNES BALLOON TEAM IS LOCATED IN
  TOULOUSE SPACE CENTER AND AIRE SUR
  L’ADOUR

■ LAUNCH FACILITIES IN FRANCE : AIRE sur
  L’ADOUR & GAP

■ MOBILE FACILITIES PERMIT WORLDWIDE
  BALLOON CAMPAIGNS. RECENTLY :
  SWEDEN, NIGER, BENIN, ANTARCTICA
  (MACMURDO) & SEYCHELLES

■ ZERO PRESSURE BALLOON (ZPB)
    ‘OPEN’ BALLOON
    UP TO 1 000 000 m3
    PAYLOAD UP TO 1 000 kg
Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                                                 CNES BALLOON ACTIVITIES (2/4)
  ■ STRATOSPHERIC
    SUPERPRESSURE BALLOON
    (SSP)
       SPHERICAL BALLON : Ø= 12 m
       ‘CLOSED’ BALLOON
       FLIGHT AT CONSTANT LEVEL
       PAYLOAD : 50 kg
       DURATION FLIGHT : 2 MONTHS




Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                                                  CNES BALLOON ACTIVITIES (3/4)
■ INFRA-RED MONTGOLFIERE
     HOT AIR BALLOON
     VOLUME (ZPB SHAPE) : 40 000 m3
     PAYLOAD : 60 kg
     DURATION FLIGHT : 2 MONTHS




                                                                  ■ BOUNDARY LAYER BALLOON
                                                                      SUPERPRESSURE BALLOON : Ø=2,5 m
                                                                      ALTITUDE < 2 000 m
                                                                      PAYLOAD ~ 2 kg
                                                                      DURATION FLIGHT : 1 MONTH

 Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                                               CNES BALLOON ACTIVITIES (4/4)
■ THE AEROCLIPPER (VASCO PROJECT)
    BETWEEN BUOY & BALLOON (LIFT
     DEFICIT)
    1 ATMOSPHERIC GONDOLA
    1 GUIDEROPE
    1 OCEANIC GONDOLA




                                            ■ MISSION OF VASCO AEROCLIPPER (CNRS/LMD)
                                                STUDY OF JULIAN-MAIDEN OSCILLATIONS
                                                INTRA - SEASONAL VARIABILITY OF THE COUPLED
                                                 PARAMETERS BETWEEN ATMOSPHERE & OCEAN
                                            ■ UNEXPECTED ABILITIES OF AEROCLIPPER
                                                  2 CAPTURED IN THE EYE OF A CYCLONE (2007)
                                                  FUTURE PROJECT FOR ANALYSIS OF SURFACE
                                                   THERMODYNAMICS & DYNAMICS (2010 – 2011)
Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                     T- PARC DRIFTSONDE – MISSION SPECIFICATION
  ■ SCIENTIFIC PAYLOAD
      NCAR DRIFTSONDE (DS) GONDOLA
      40 DRIFTSONDES (GPS, P, T & H) PER GONDOLA

  ■ PERIOD OF BALLOON LAUNCH OPERATIONS
      AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2008
      6 WEEKS OF BALLOON OPERATIONS + INSTALLATION & RE-PACKING

  ■ 20 FLIGHTS PLANNED
      10 ZL (10 000 m3) ZERO PRESSURE BALLOONS(
      ISBA HOUSE-KEEPING GONDOLA & FLIGHT TRAIN
      DRIFTSONDE NCAR GONDOLA

  ■ CNES BALLOONING SUPPORT TO T-PARC PROJECT
      SUPPLY FLIGHT SYSTEMS : BALLOON, FLIGHT TRAIN & ISBA GONDOLA
      OPERATIONS FOR BALLOON LAUNCHES
      TRACKING / CONTROL OF THE BALLOON FLIGHTS (HOUSE-KEEPING)
Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                        RECENT CAMPAIGN – AMMA DRIFTSONDE 2006 (1/2)
■ A COOPERATIVE EFFORT
  BETWEEN NCAR (USA) AND CNES
  (SAME BASELINE AS T-PARC)

■ CAMPAIGN IN AUGUST /
  SEPTEMBER 2006
                                                              Zero-pressure
                                                                    or
■ IN THE FRAME OF AMMA                                        Super Pressure                               IRIDIUM
                                                                                                           LEO Satellite
                                                                 Balloon
  PROJECT

■ FROM ZINDER, NIGER, 15°N
                                                                                                               ~5 8,
                                                                                                                    00
                                                                                                                50 - 1 0 ft
                                                                                                                      00 mb
■ 12 METER DIAMETER BALLOONS
                                                       Sondes
                                                       Commanded               Gondola
■ ISBA SYSTEM                                          for Release             (20 to 50 sonde capacity)


■ 8 DRIFTSONDES GONDOLA WITH
                                                                               ATLANTIC OCEAN
  UP TO 40 DROPSONDES    NORTH
                         AMERICA
                                                                                                               EUROPE




   Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                     RECENT CAMPAIGN – AMMA DRIFTSONDE 2006 (2/2)




                                                                                                Tropical
                                                                                                cyclone
                                                                                                Florenc
                                                                                                   e




                                                                       Sondes released from driftsonde #3

                                                                                      By courtesy of D. Parsons

Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                      T-PARC DRIFTSONDE – OVERALL CONFIGURATION
■ 10 ZL BALLOON (ZODIAC)
    ZERO PRESSURE BALLOON
    VOLUME = 1000 m3
    REPLACE AMMA BALLOON (SSB)
■ CUT-OFF SYSTEM AND PARACHUTE
■ ISBA GONDOLA FOR HOUSE-KEEPING
    FLIGHT LOCALIZATION (GPS & ARGOS)
    FLIGHT TERMINATION
    TELEMETRY & REMOTE-CONTROL (IRIDUM)
■ ATC TRANSPONDER (WILL BE FITTED INTO ISBA
 GONDOLA)
■ BALLAST SYSTEM : 65 KG CAPACITY
■ NCAR GONDOLA
    40 DRIFTSONDES
    SCIENTIFIC TELEMETRY & CONTROL (IRIDIUM)
■ MASS BUDGET : 120 kg AT BALLOON HOOK
 Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                                MISSION ANALYSIS – TYPICAL FLIGHT PROFILE




Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                        MISSION ANALYSIS – AUGUST 2005 TRAJECTORIES




Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                         MISSION ANALYSIS– AUGUST 2006 TRAJECTORIES




Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                         MISSION ANALYSIS– AUGUST 2007 TRAJECTORIES




Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                       MISSION ANALYSIS – TRAJECTORIES SYNTHESIS

     ■ VERY LIGHT DIFFERENCIES BETWEEN 2005, 2006 &
      2007 TRAJECTORIES

     ■ FLIGHT DURATION IS IN THE THE RANGE OF 3 TO 4
      DAYS

     ■ TC FOR BALLOON CUT-OFF IS SENT BEFORE
      REACHING TERRITORIAL SEA AREA OF JAPAN AND
      CHINA




Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                                 MISSION ANALYSIS – OVERFLIGHT ZONE




Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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                              CNES SYSTEM – CONTROL / COMMAND CENTER

                                            IRIDIUM                                                      ARGOS




  SITE DE LACHER                                                                                                     CNES CST
                                                                                               IRIDIUM
   CU / ENERGIE
                                                                                               OU RTC


                               IRIDIUM                                                                   IRIDIUM
 PILOTAGE
                                                                                    INMARSAT                                   PILOTAGE
                               OU RTC                                                                    OU RTC


                               HF ARGOS                                                  AUSSAGEL
TRAJECTO.                                                                                                                     TRAJECTO.


SERVITUDES
                                                        Réseau « protégé » VPN ou                                             SERVITUDES
                             Routeur                                                                        CNES
                                                       liaison INMARSAT B-GAN




                                                                                                                             GESTION BDD
GESTION BDD
                                                                                                            ICARUS


                             BDD


                                                                                                    WEB BALLON         BDD


    Sous-Direction Ballons - DCT/BL – PARC 04 - 06 December 2007 - KAUAI
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