PSY 281 Quiz Chapter 6 1. In the textbook case, Rose Marston frequently visits the emergency room at the local hospital despite the fact that medical tests and examinations provide no indications of physical difficulty. What kind of disorder does Rose Marston have? a. somatoform disorder b. dissociative disorder c. anxiety disorder d. mood disorder 2. Which somatoform disorder involves the translation of unacceptable drives or troubling conflicts into bodily motor or sensory symptoms? a. somatization disorder b. hypochondriasis c. conversion disorder d. psychalgia 3. The most cited example of conversion disorder, written by Freud and Breuer, was the case of __________ who later became one of the founders of the social work movement. a. Rose Marston b. Eve c. Chris Sizemore d. Anna O. 4. If an individual suffering from a somatoform disorder only complains of pain that has no physiological basis, he or she may receive a specific diagnosis of a. pain conversion disorder. b. psychic neuralgia. c. pain disorder. d. hypochondriasis. 5. Audrey is preoccupied with the idea that her nose is large and crooked, despite the fact that her friends and family tell her otherwise. In addition, one plastic surgeon she visited refused to perform surgery on her to correct this problem. She is now seeking a second opinion. Audrey might be diagnosed as having a. body dysmorphic disorder. b. conversion disorder. c. depersonalization disorder. d. hypochondriasis. 6. A client persistently views the mild headaches he occasionally gets as an indication he has a brain tumor. Magnetic resonance images provide no evidence in support of his claim, yet he still insists that he has a tumor. This individual may be suffering from a. conversion disorder. b. somatoform pain disorder. c. somatization disorder. d. hypochondriasis. 7. Teaching individuals with somatoform disorders how to restructure their maladaptive ideas about their physical symptoms would be the focus of which type of therapy? a. psychoanalysis b. cognitive-behavioral therapy c. person-centered therapy d. panic control therapy 8. When an individual feigns symptoms or disorders because of a psychological need to maintain a sick role, it is referred to as a. malingering. b. a conversion disorder. c. a psychophysiological disorder. d. a factitious disorder. 9. An infant has had repeated seizures and has lapsed into a coma. Blood tests reveal the presence of a substance that is chemically similar to antifreeze. Which of the following conditions might be suspected? a. Munchausen’s syndrome by proxy b. Asperger’s syndrome c. Briquet’s syndrome d. Klinefelter’s syndrome 10. Altering the rewards that sustain an individual’s “sick” role would be the primary focus of which type of therapist? a. psychoanalytic b. humanistic c. existential d. behavioral 11. In which sleep disorder does the individual recurrently get out of bed and move about while unconscious? a. sleep terror disorder b. sleepwalking disorder c. hypersomnia d. sleep-wake schedule disorder 12. According to researchers who used the College Undergraduate Stress Scale, which of the following is the most stressful event a college student could experience? a. failing an exam b. being away from home for the first time c. being raped d. being caught cheating 13. The style of coping that involves changing something about the situation that makes it stressful is referred to as a. problem-focused coping. b. emotion-focused coping. c. escape-avoidance. d. self-centered coping. 14. Phoebe has just been diagnosed as having terminal cancer. Instead of letting it get her down, she vows to try to think positively about her situation. Her coping strategy might be described as a. distancing. b. escape-avoidance. c. emotion-focused. d. problem-focused. 15. Which of the following hormones is secreted in times of stress? a. cortisol b. thyroxin c. insulin d. estrogen/testosterone 16. In a replication of an earlier study with students, Pennebaker and his colleagues found that prison inmates who __________ had fewer visits to the infirmary. a. participated in extensive group therapy b. enrolled in college classes for credit c. enlisted in a vocational education program d. wrote about past traumatic experiences 17. Many individuals who suffer from chronic tension headaches have been successfully treated with the behavioral techniques of a. free association and dream analysis. b. antidepressants and analgesics. c. biofeedback and relaxation training. d. cognitive restructuring and thought stopping. 18. With regard to stress management, the results of recent studies of preventative measures indicate that __________ is an effective way for managing stress. a. regular consumption of alcohol b. relying on others c. regular exercise d. trying to become more hardy 19. In which dissociative disorder does an individual develop more than one self, typically in response to some psychological trauma? a. dissociative identity disorder b. schizophrenia c. schizoid personality disorder d. dissociative fugue 20. The central or core personality in cases of dissociative identity disorder is referred to as the a. cardinal personality. b. nuclear personality. c. alter ego. d. host personality. 21. The primary goal in the treatment of dissociative identity disorder is a. uncovering unconscious conflicts from childhood. b. the integration of the alters into one personality. c. the development of more effective defense mechanisms. d. the enhancement of the individual’s self-efficacy. 22. The abuse experienced by clients with dissociative identity disorder sometimes results in dysfunctional attitudes. Which of the following perspectives utilizes methods that may be helpful in changing these attitudes? a. psychoanalytic b. humanistic c. cognitive-behavioral d. sociocultural 23. An inability to remember important personal details and experiences that is not attributable to brain dysfunction is called a. dissociative fugue. b. dissociative amnesia. c. Alzheimer’s disease. d. mental retardation. 24. Selective amnesia is an inability to remember a. some, but not all, events that occurred during a specific time period. b. all events that occurred in a specific time period. c. anything from one’s past life. d. events from a particular date up to the present time. 25. Why would people in a fugue state be unlikely to seek therapy? a. They may be unable to recall their own past history and identity. b. They fear that their family would be unable to come to terms with their illness. c. They are afraid that the perpetrators of their childhood abuse may find them and kill them. d. Most people in a fugue state have committed a crime and are fleeing from the law.