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Cleft Lip and Palate - PowerPoint

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					Cleft Lip and Palate

By: Megan Farney
    Intro

  This slide show is
   going to inform you
   about what a cleft
   lip or palate is
   along with
   treatments, causes,
   symptoms, risk
   factors, and more
(picture is cleft palate)
Definition

                A cleft lip or palate
                 is an abnormal
                 separation in the
                 oral-facial region
                 that happens
                 because tissue of
                 the mouth or lip
                 does not form
                 correctly in fetal
                 development.
Causes

   Other birth defects
    may cause cleft lip or
    palate
   Mutated Inherited
    Genes (gene=top,
    mutation=bottom)
   Teratogens (viruses or
    other toxins that cause
    abnormalities in the
    fetus)
Symptoms

              Separation of the
               lip (picture)
              Separation of the
               palate (roof of the
               mouth)
              Nasal distortion
              Recurring ear
               infections
Symptoms (cont.)

   Failure to gain
    weight
   Nasal regurgitation
    when bottle feeding
   Poor speech
   Misaligned teeth
   Growth retardation
    (picture)
Risk Factors

                Ear infections
               top picture
                 (right=normal,
                 left=infected)
                Hearing loss

                Dental cavities

                Displaced teeth
                 (bottom picture)
Risk Factors (cont.)

   Poor speech

   Lip deformities

  Nasal deformities
(cleft lip effect, right)
Treatment


              Treatment involves
               many things which
               include plastic
               surgery,
               orthodontics, and
               speech therapy
            (picture is least
               severe cleft lip)
First Stage-treatment

   The first part of the
    process is surgery.
    Surgery is done
    when a child is at 3
    to 9 months of age.
    Unless there is
    extensive nasal
    damage, no more
    than one surgery is
    needed. (before
    and after picture)
Second Stage-therapy

                The next stage is
                 therapy. Because
                 of surgery being
                 done so early
                 hopefully speech
                 will form correctly
                 but because the
                 child has to adapt,
                 therapy is advised.
Final Stage-orthodontics

   The final stage of
    treatment is
    orthodontics. If as
    the child gets older
    teeth are not
    straight you should
    see an orthodontist
    for treatment
    (braces).
Works Cited

   March 26, 2006. Northeast Medical
    Center. Retrieved on Nov. 7, 2006.
    <http://www.northeastmedical.org/hos
    pital_depts/rehab/images/speech_ther
    apy.jpg>.
Works Cited

 Oct. 4, 2006. Medical Encyclopedia.
  Retrieved on Nov. 6, 2006.
  <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/
  ency/article/001051.htm>.
 Jan. 1, 2006. Cleft Lip and Palate.
  Retrieved on Nov. 6, 2006. <
  http://www.plasticsurgery.org/public_e
  ducation/procedures/CleftLipPalate.cf
  m>.

				
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