Cleft Lip and Palate By: Megan Farney Intro This slide show is going to inform you about what a cleft lip or palate is along with treatments, causes, symptoms, risk factors, and more (picture is cleft palate) Definition A cleft lip or palate is an abnormal separation in the oral-facial region that happens because tissue of the mouth or lip does not form correctly in fetal development. Causes Other birth defects may cause cleft lip or palate Mutated Inherited Genes (gene=top, mutation=bottom) Teratogens (viruses or other toxins that cause abnormalities in the fetus) Symptoms Separation of the lip (picture) Separation of the palate (roof of the mouth) Nasal distortion Recurring ear infections Symptoms (cont.) Failure to gain weight Nasal regurgitation when bottle feeding Poor speech Misaligned teeth Growth retardation (picture) Risk Factors Ear infections top picture (right=normal, left=infected) Hearing loss Dental cavities Displaced teeth (bottom picture) Risk Factors (cont.) Poor speech Lip deformities Nasal deformities (cleft lip effect, right) Treatment Treatment involves many things which include plastic surgery, orthodontics, and speech therapy (picture is least severe cleft lip) First Stage-treatment The first part of the process is surgery. Surgery is done when a child is at 3 to 9 months of age. Unless there is extensive nasal damage, no more than one surgery is needed. (before and after picture) Second Stage-therapy The next stage is therapy. Because of surgery being done so early hopefully speech will form correctly but because the child has to adapt, therapy is advised. Final Stage-orthodontics The final stage of treatment is orthodontics. If as the child gets older teeth are not straight you should see an orthodontist for treatment (braces). Works Cited March 26, 2006. Northeast Medical Center. Retrieved on Nov. 7, 2006. <http://www.northeastmedical.org/hos pital_depts/rehab/images/speech_ther apy.jpg>. Works Cited Oct. 4, 2006. Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved on Nov. 6, 2006. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ ency/article/001051.htm>. Jan. 1, 2006. Cleft Lip and Palate. Retrieved on Nov. 6, 2006. < http://www.plasticsurgery.org/public_e ducation/procedures/CleftLipPalate.cf m>.