REPORT SECOND TECHNICAL WORKSHOP ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A SUBREGIONAL

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					             REPORT
  SECOND TECHNICAL WORKSHOP ON THE
ESTABLISHMENT OF A SUBREGIONAL CENTRE
 RELATING TO DROUGHT IN SOUTH-EASTERN
  EUROPE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE UNCCD
        (26-28 April 2006, Sofia, Bulgaria)
                                             Table of contents


INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………………………3


Openning of the meeting and welcoming statements ...…………………………………………...3-6


AGENDA ITEM 1: a). Election of a Chairperson and adoption of the agenda……..……………..6
                               b). Tasks before the meeting………………………………………………….6
AGENDA ITEM 2: WMO experience in establishing regional drought monitoring centres…...6-7


AGENDA ITEM 3:                  Establishment of a Subregional center relating to drought in South- Eastern
                               Europe (SEE) in the context of the implementation of the UNCCD………7-8


AGENDA ITEM 4:                  Adoption of the proposal on the Establishment of a Centre…………………8


AGENDA ITEM 5: Next steps on the Establishment of a Centre……..…..……………………...8


Attachment I:                  Framework for preparation of a project proposal the establishment of a
                               “Droughts management Centre for South-Eastern Europe” in the context of
                               the UNCCD………………………………………………………………9-13

Attachment II:                 List of participants………………………………………………………14-21




Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
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                                                         INTRODUCTION

1. The Regional Meeting for strengthening cooperation in the field of land resources management in
Central and Eastern Europe held in Minsk, Belarus, in December 2003 discussed the issue of
implementing the UNCCD at subregional level. The participants expressed the need for establishing
a Balkan Drought Monitoring Center, and requested the UNCCD Secretariat to organize a
workshop to discuss this issue.

2. The UNCCD Secretariat organized a Technical workshop on drought preparedness in the Balkans
within the context of the UNCCD in Poiana Brasov, Romania, 25-26 October 2004 together with
the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Development of Romania and in cooperation with
the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). For the first time, it gathered together the UNCCD
National Focal Points, the national scientific researchers and experts involved in drought issues,
national meteorologists, relevant international organizations and programmes involved within the
region and/or in drought issues with the view of exploring and building further steps for concrete
actions related to ensuring drought preparedness.

3. The countries, participating at the Workshop (Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Hungary, Moldova, Romania), agreed on the need to
establish a subregional centre relating to drought management issues in the framework of the
UNCCD.

4. Further to the request of the Workshop, the UNCCD Secretariat in cooperation with WMO and at
the invitation of the Ministry of Environment and Waters of Bulgaria organized in Sofia, Bulgaria
from 26 to 28 April 2006 the second Technical workshop on the establishment of a subregional
centre relating to drought in South-eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD.

5. The main objective of the second workshop was to reach an agreement on the main issues
relating to the establishment and functioning of a Centre. As was the case of the first workshop, the
UNCCD focal points, national experts on drought preparedness and representatives of National
Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) were brought together. The Workshop was
attended by representatives from 12 countries. For the list of participants see attachment II.

Opening of the meeting and welcoming statements

6. The Workshop was opened by the Deputy Minister Mrs. Lubka Katchakova, Ministry of
Environment and Water, Bulgaria. In her opening address the following major points were
emphasized.

     •    The year 2006 is a special year for the UNCCD. According to the resolution 211 of the
          United Nations this year was declared as an International year of deserts and desertification.
          2006 will be also celebrated as an important anniversary of the UNCCD which has been into
          force since 1996.

     •    The major goal of this Workshop is to agree on the basic questions related to the
          establishment and maintenance of a Drought Centre in South-eastern Europe. It is expected
          that till the end of the Workshop the participants will adopt a project proposal for
          establishment of such a Centre.

     •    . During the last year Bulgaria was affected by severe floods which were damaging the
          national infrastructure, agriculture, economy, human health, wellbeing and properties, etc.
Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
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          Nevertheless, the drought problem is an important environmental issue. Drought is a natural
          phenomenon that has significant economic, social and environmental impacts. At any given
          time, at least one nation in the world is being adversely affected by drought. Although
          drought is a natural component of the climate in arid and semi-arid areas, it can occur in
          areas, which normally receive adequate precipitation

     •    Available meteorological, agro meteorological and hydrological data indicates that
          droughts occurred frequently through the last century in Europe and that they are a part of the
          climatic cycle, especially in South-eastern Europe. For example, significant drought
          periods in Bulgaria occurred in the 1940s and during the last two decades of the 20th
          century, especially the period from 1982 to 1994. Summer droughts occur frequently in the
          southern and eastern territories of the country. Sometimes the drought in Bulgaria could
          last up to 40-50 days affecting both the environmental and socio-economic conditions. The
          droughts in the country appeared during the last decade damaged natural water resources
          and forest ecosystems as well as agricultural production

     •    The project "Bulgarian National Capacity Self-Assessment (NCSA) for Improved Global
          Environmental Management" was implemented by the Bulgarian Ministry of Environment
          and Water and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) with resources of the
          Global Environment Facility (GEF). The project enabled an in-depth assessment of the
          existing capacities of Bulgaria to fulfil its obligations under three UN Conventions - the
          Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Convention on Biological Diversity and the
          Convention to Combat Desertification and to develop Strategy and Plan for capacity
          improvement.

     •    As a continuation of the above cooperation a new project started already. The project
          “Capacity Building for Sustainable Land Management” is a joint initiative of the UNDP,
          Ministry of Environment and Water and Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Bulgaria.
          The project will support the enforcement of the UNCCD. The project now deals with the
          National Strategy and Action Plan to combat desertification.

     •    Bulgaria will join to the common efforts in drought preparedness, monitoring and
          management in South-eastern Europe, in accordance within the UNCCD context. It is also
          considered that by applying early warning systems the proposed Drought Centre will
          decrease vulnerability and risk to drought in the region of the Balkan Peninsula.

7. In her statement, Mrs. Elysabeth David, Coordinator, of the Europe unit of the UNCCD
Secretariat, on behalf of Mr. Hama Arba Diallo, Executive Secretary of the UNCCD secretariat,
welcomed the participants and the Ministry of Environment and Waters of Bulgaria and World
Meteorological Organization.

     •    She recalled that at the request of the participants of the first technical workshop, the second
          workshop like the first one brings together the UNCCD focal points of interested affected
          country Parties from the Southern-eastern Europe, the national experts on drought as well as
          representatives of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services.

     •    She highlighted the important role to be played by South-eastern European countries in
          elaborating National Drought Strategies and integrating them within National Action
          Programmes as well as in launching subregional activities related to drought management
          under the regional UNCCD implementation annexes IV for Northern Mediterranean and V
          for Central and Eastern Europe.

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     •    Finally, she expressed the hope of the UNCCD Secretariat that the establishment of a
          subregional centre related to drought in the context of UNCCD will contribute, among
          others, to the process of implementing the UNCCD in Southern-eastern Europe.

8. On behalf of Dr Michel Jarraud, the Secretary-General of WMO, M.V.K. Sivakumar, Chief,
Agricultural Meteorology Division, WMO, Geneva extended a very warm welcome to the
participants. In his welcoming remarks, Dr Sivakumar emphasized the following points.

     •    The fight against drought and desertification receives a high priority in the Long-term Plan
          of the WMO, particularly under the Agricultural Meteorology Programme, the Hydrology
          and Water Resources Programme and the Technical Co-operation Programme.

     •    WMO involves actively the NMHSs and the regional and subregional meteorological
          centres and other bodies in the improvement of hydrological and meteorological networks
          for systematic observation, exchange and analysis of data.

     •    WMO also works actively with these agencies in the development of long-term strategies
          to promote meteorological and hydrological activities that contribute to better monitoring
          of droughts and use of medium- and long-range weather forecasts and assists in the transfer
          of knowledge and technology.

     •    Early warning systems for droughts allow individuals and communities to act in sufficient
          time to reduce the possibility of loss of life, personal injury, and damage to property and
          fragile environments. Enhanced application of science and technology, including prediction
          and early warning with good lead time, about impending droughts provide the best solution
          for the minimization of the loss of life and property damages. Prediction and early warning
          information and products are vital in enhancing food and agricultural production as well as
          in the utilization and management of fresh water, energy and other natural resources that
          are sensitive to extreme weather and climate events.

     •    Equipped with an improved understanding of the physical mechanisms that govern the
          climate and with more reliable predictive models, countries would be in a far better
          position to predict the onset of drought and hence mitigate the devastating consequences.
          Strategic plans could then be developed for capitalising on the extended predictive
          capabilities and for converting the forecasts to management decisions that will optimise the
          use of existing resources.

     •    Prediction on seasonal and longer timescales, as a basis for warning, is a developing
          community service. WMO believes that the progress being made in climate research, where
          appropriate, should be translated into forms that will elevate the socio-economic well being
          of humanity.

     •    In 1995 WMO Twelfth Meteorological Congress endorsed the Climate Information and
          Prediction Services (CLIPS) project to build on research achievements and provide
          information, including expectations of future conditions, to improve economic and social
          decisions. One of the immediate tasks of the CLIPS project has been to assist in
          developing the capability of NMHSs to receive and utilize the global climate information
          and prediction products which are currently being produced by several major climate
          centres around the world. In collaboration with partner institutions, WMO has organized
          several Regional Climate Outlook Fora (RCOF) in many parts of the world. The fora have

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          enabled researchers from various advanced climate prediction centres, regional operational
          climate centres and experts from NMHSs, to develop consensus or consolidated climate
          outlook guidance products, together with guidance on interpretation, for dissemination to
          users.

     •    In the late seventies and eighties, droughts caused widespread famine and economic
          hardships in many countries in eastern and southern Africa. At the request of 24 countries
          in these regions, WMO established two Drought Monitoring Centres (DMCs) in Nairobi,
          Kenya and Harare, Zimbabwe, in 1989 with support from UNDP. The DMCs were
          charged with timely monitoring of drought, with respect to its intensity, geographical
          extent, duration and impact on agricultural production; and giving early warning to enable
          the formulation of appropriate strategies to combat its adverse effects. Since their
          establishment, the DMCs played an important and useful role in providing the regions with
          weather and climate advisories and, more importantly, advance warnings on droughts.

     •    The initiative to establish the subregional Drought Management Center in south-Eastern
          Europe is very timely and WMO looks forward to working very closely with all the
          countries involved towards the realization of this goal.


AGENDA ITEM 1: a). Election of a Chairperson and adoption of the agenda

9. The Workshop proceeded with the election of a Chairperson of the meeting. In accordance with
the established practice, a representative of the host country (Bulgaria) had been proposed to chair
the Workshop. After informal discussion and consultations, the candidature of Assoc. Prof.
Vesselin Alexandrov was presented to the Workshop participants. Mr. V. Alexandrov was
unanimously elected as a Chairman of the Workshop. Then the participating countries adopted the
agenda of the Workshop.

                               b). Tasks before the meeting

10. Mrs Elysabeth David presented the outcome of the First workshop on drought preparedness
(held in Poiana Brasov, Romania, October 2004) and the CD-rom produced after the meeting was
redistributed. She recalled that a questionnaire was sent by the UNCCD secretariat to countries of
the first workshop to get their feedback on the objectives, aim and mandate, the tasks to be
undertaken by the center, the main products to be delivered by the center as well as the main’s
country ‘s expectations in terms of needs and how the country could contribute to the center.
Finally, the countries were called upon for proposals of name for the said center.

11. She indicated that the UNCCD secretariat received answers to the questionnaires from Albania,
Bosnia Herzegovina, Bulgaria, FYR of Macedonia, Greece, Republic of Moldova, Romania and
Turkey. Based on these answers, a document called “Proposal for laying the foundation and for the
terms of reference and mandate of the Balkan Sub regional Drought Management Center” to be
established promoting the implementation of UNCCD aims” (August 2005) was prepared by the
ad-hoc Contact Group set up by the First Technical Workshop on Drought Preparedness in the
Balkans within the context of the UNCCD. A shorter working paper was prepared by the UNCCD
secretariat in cooperation with WMO and sent to South Eastern countries. Based on the received
comments an integrated proposal was prepared for this meeting.

12. Then the representative of the UNCCD secretariat presented the tasks of the meeting as follow:
to discuss the integrated proposal with a view of its adoption, to discuss the process of selection of

Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
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the host country, including criteria and to agree upon the next steps which should be needed for the
establishment of the Center.


AGENDA ITEM 2: WMO experience in establishing regional drought monitoring centres

13. Dr M.V.K. Sivakumar made a presentation on WMO experience in establishing Regional
Drought Monitoring Centres.

     •    He spoke about the current situation of droughts in different parts of the world including
          East Africa, Australia, United Kingdom and USA. He explained the overall goal of
          drought monitoring and the situation that led to the establishment of the Drought
          Monitoring Centres (DMCs) for Eastern and Southern Africa in Nairobi and Harare
          respectively in 1989/90 by the African Governments with WMO as Executing Agency.
          Initial funding for these Centres came from UNDP, but at the end of the UNDP funded
          Project in 1998 and due to the increased demand for climate information and prediction
          services, the Nairobi and Harare components started operating independently. Currently
          DMC, Nairobi caters for countries in IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority on
          Development) and other countries in the Horn of Africa region, while DMC, Harare is
          responsible for countries in southern Africa.

     •    The 10th Summit of the IGAD Heads of State and Government that was held in Kampala,
          Uganda in October 2003 ratified the decision to absorb DMC, Nairobi as an autonomous
          specialized Institution of IGAD. Since April 2002, core activities of DMC, Harare are
          funded by SADC. However, programme activities are still being funded by cooperating
          partners:WMO, USAID, NOAA and others.

     •    Dr Sivakumar then described the role of DMCs and their operational activities. The DMCs
          have over the years hosted many scientists from mostly the subregions. They have also
          facilitated secondment of scientists to other global centres. Typically the scientists are
          hosted for a period of six months at a time at the DMCs. There is also a strong emphasis on
          capacity building and Dr Sivakumar described the Regional Climate Outlook Fora that are
          organized in the two subregions and the products that are disseminated to the countries in
          the subregions. Finally, Dr Sivakumar described the challenges and opportunities for the
          DMCs.

AGENDA ITEM 3: “Establishment of a subregional centre relating to drought in South-
eastern Europe in the context of the implementation of the UNCCD”

14. The Workshop participants had before them an “Integrated Project Proposal” on the
establishment of a sub-regional Centre relating to drought in South-eastern Europe in the context of
the UNCCD prepared by the UNCCD Secretariat in consultations with WMO, which contained
submitted comments.
15. At the invitation of the Chair of the workshop, the Chair of the former ad-hoc Contact Group set
up by the First Technical Workshop on Drought Preparedness in the Balkans within the context of
the UNCCD (see paragraph 11), Prof. Dr. Laszlo Vermes, presented his views as follows:

     •    In his view, both the objectives and the tasks of the planned Center are considered as too
          much. Some selection and reduction is necessary, or making at least a ranking among the
          suggestions, creating a priority list and also some phases of the work: three or four phases in

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          which the tasks and objectives could be introduced according to the priority list, step by step
          and phases by phases.

     •    All aspects of the establishment are equally important, not only the objectives, the functions
          and the tasks, but the organizational, operational, structural, maintenance, financial and
          methodological questions as well. All these should be discussed in details during the
          Workshop in Sofia, especially the questions mentioned in the point 10 of the original
          Proposal.

     •    The role and work of the Center is far not only a meteorological matter – in-spite of it is
          based on the meteorological services of the participating countries, – and for making a good
          job other connecting professions and technical fields should be involved, like hydrology,
          agronomy, soil science, civil engineering and some social experts, too. Without this complex
          view and work neither a good evaluation of the data nor any good proposal and forecast can
          not be done for an effective drought mitigation.

     •    The ICID (International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage), whom he representing in
          Sofia Workshop, more than 10 years ago started to deal with the problems of drought. Now
          it seems that their dreams and efforts are coming true with the establishment of this Sub-
          regional Drought Management Center: this will implement the majority of earlier proposals
          for an international cooperation on drought mitigation among the European countries. The
          network is given: the interested countries are the participants, the tasks is now to find the
          Center of this network.

     •    The responsibility of this sub-regional Center is huge in operating this network and give
          useful data and forecast to all participants concerning drought events. In his view the major
          and more important tasks of the Center are as follows: i) monitoring and evaluation of the
          data observed, 2) forecasting the development of drought events, and 3) drawing the drought
          sensitivity map for the sub-region. All other tasks are of secondary importance.
     •    Finally Prof. Vermes suggested the necessity to create and operate an International
          Scientific/technical Advisory Board in the frame of the Center which can help for the
          management solving first of all the relevant methodological questions, but all necessary
          functional problems, too. He also emphasized his satisfaction with the progress reached on
          the establishment of the Center, but he will be fully happy if he could take part in the real
          opening ceremony of the Center in the near future.
16. The floor was then given to all representatives of each interested South-eastern European
country to present the position of their countries on the “Integrated Project Proposal”. There was
then a general discussion with questions and answers on this paper. After that the Workshop
participants proceeded with negotiations on the contents of each paragraph of the “Integrated
Project Proposal” (including the title of the Center) which was renamed ‘Framework for the
preparation of a project proposal on the establishment of a sub-regional centre relating to drought in
South-eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD”.

AGENDA ITEM 4: “Adoption of the Proposal on the Establishment of a Centre”

17. The Chairman of the Workshop presented the finalized document the ‘Framework for the
preparation of a project proposal on the establishment of a sub-regional centre relating to drought in
South-eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD” reflecting the discussion on Item 3. After
discussion the Framework was then adopted by the Workshop (See attachment 1).


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AGENDA ITEM 5: “Next steps on the Establishment of a Centre”

18. WMO representative introduced some core criteria for selection of the host country for the
Centre: institutional, staffing, technical and financial. After discussion on a note on the further steps
towards the establishment of a drought management the center for South- eastern Europe prepared
by the representatives from the UNCCD Secretariat and WMO the participants of the Workshop
agreed with the text on further steps as contained in attachment 1.

19. The representatives from Romania and Slovenia were invited to present information on their
proposals on the establishment of a Centre that they took the initiative to send to WMO before the
meeting.




Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
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                                                                                                                           Attachment I

                                        CONCLUSIONS OF THE WORKSHOP

          I.    FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION OF A PROJECT PROPOSAL ON THE
                ESTABLISHMENT OF A DROUGHT MANAGEMENT CENTRE FOR SOUTH-
                EASTERN EUROPE WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF THE UNITED NATIONS
                CONVENTION
                TO COMBAT DESERTIFICATION (UNCCD)

1.      The participants at the workshop adopted the following framework proposal on the
establishment of a subregional “Drought Management Centre for South-Eastern Europe”
(DMCSEE) within the context of the UNCCD and World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
mandate.

2.      At a Technical Workshop on Drought Preparedness in the Balkans within the context of the
UNCCD, held from 25 to 27 October 2004 in Poiana Brasov, Romania, the participating countries
(Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, The former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia, Greece, Hungary, the Republic of Moldova and Romania), in the presence of the
representatives of a number of international organizations and programmes, agreed on the need to
establish, in the context of the UNCCD, a subregional centre relating to drought management
issues, designated in the present document as “the Centre”.

3.      Following an analysis of the answers submitted by interested countries to questionnaires,
the participating countries Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, The former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Hungary, the Republic of Moldova, Romania, Slovenia and
Turkey, at a Second Technical Workshop on the establishment of a subregional centre relating to
drought in South-Eastern Europe within the context of the UNCCD, held from 26 to 28 April 2006
in Sofia, Bulgaria, reached unanimous agreement on the establishing of a centre for South-Eastern
Europe. Representatives from Serbia and Montenegro also attended the workshop as observers.

4.   The title of the Centre shall be the Drought Management Centre for South-Eastern Europe
(DMCSEE).

5.        A decision on the legal status of the Centre shall be taken at a later stage.

                                                      A. Aims and objectives

6.        The aims and objectives of the Centre are as follows:

       (a)    To serve as an operational centre for South-Eastern Europe for drought preparedness,
monitoring and management;

       (b)    To create and coordinate a subregional network of National Meteorological and
Hydrological Services (NMHSs) and other relevant institutions;

        (c)    To coordinate and provide the operational guidelines that will assist the NMHSs and
other relevant institutions in the subregion to interpret and apply drought-related products;

        (d) To prepare drought monitoring and forecast products and make them available on near
real-time basis to relevant institutions in participating countries;

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       (e)    To promote and strengthen the technical and scientific capacity for drought
preparedness, monitoring and management in participating countries;

          (f)        To facilitate the exchange of knowledge, experience and best practices on drought
issues;

        (g)    To enhance synergies among NMHSs, national UNCCD coordinating bodies, other
international organizations and the scientific community on drought issues;

       (h)    To enhance the implementation of the UNCCD in the context of drought
preparedness, monitoring and management, in particular in working out a national drought strategy;

       (i)    To collaborate actively with international research frameworks and programmes, to
ensure the full participation of the South-Eastern European countries in such frameworks and
programmes.

                                                             B. Core functions

7.     In order to achieve the above-mentioned objectives, the Centre shall carry out the following
core functions:

        (a) Encouraging effective national drought preparedness, monitoring and management in the
participating countries;

          (b)        Enhancing the early warning capacity for drought in the subregion;

       (c)    Developing and promoting the use of common methodologies and standards for
drought preparedness, monitoring and management;

          (d)        Organizing appropriate training and capacity-building activities;

       (e)    Providing advisory services, guidelines and technical support on drought
preparedness, monitoring and management;

          (f)        Collecting and disseminating drought information;

       (g)    Serving as a subregional information, documentation and reference centre on drought
preparedness, monitoring and management;

          (h)        Promoting the development and transfer of technologies to cope with droughts;

      (i)   Promoting an integrated policy approach to drought preparedness, monitoring and
management;

       (j)    Raising the awareness of the target audience about the importance of effective
drought preparedness, monitoring and management strategies in the subregion;




Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
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       (k)    Collaborating actively with international research frameworks and programmes, to
ensure the full participation of the South-Eastern European countries in such frameworks and
programmes.

                                                             C. Core tasks

8. In order to fulfil its above-mentioned functions the Centre shall undertake the following core
tasks:

       (a)    To collect, compile, process, analyse, interpret, assess and validate relevant data on
drought events in South-Eastern Europe, including the common methodologies;

          (b)        To establish risk factors on the basis of analysis and modelling in order to provide

timely drought forecasts in the subregion;

      (c)     To improve the accuracy, homogeneity and spatial coverage of the monitored
parameters/indicators necessary for effective drought preparedness, monitoring and management;

       (d)    To design the databases in accordance with the experience and standards of WMO
and UNCCD requirements and promote their application using, among others, GIS and remote
sensing technologies;

        (e)     To develop new applications and techniques to identify, among others, areas with
potential risk of drought occurrence, drought sensitivity maps, etc.

       (f)           To enhance climate monitoring and modelling activities for diagnostic analysis and
forecasting;

          (g)        To produce and deliver/disseminate appropriate information and products to end-
users;

    (h)     To act as a link in order to improve the capacity and inter-operatability of the
NMHSs and achieve full compatibility;

        (i)    To facilitate the preparation of subregional environmental and economic analyses
related to drought, as appropriate;

       (j)   To collect and recommend customized measures for the mitigation of negative
drought impacts;

          (k)        To provide specialized training and exchange programmes on drought issues;

          (l)        To organize subregional seminars for the end-users;

        (m) To organize subregional awareness-raising campaigns for the target audience, the
public and the media;

Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
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       (n)     To provide recommendations to authorized national institutions in participating
countries on drought-related policies and legislation;

       (o)    To work out project proposals for joint programmes of members in the international
research and development cooperation frameworks;

        (p)    To establish and maintain an active web page and regularly update information for
participating countries;

          (q)        To contribute to the UNCCD reporting process at the subregional level;

        (r)    To establish a common QA/QC system (quality assurance and quality control) for
collecting, processing and validating data.


II. FURTHER STEPS TOWARDS THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A DROUGHT
MANAGEMENT CENTRE FOR SOUTH-EASTERN EUROPE

9.      The participants of the workshop agreed to the following further steps:

10.    Interested South-Eastern European countries shall send their proposals before 30 June 2006
to both the Executive Secretary of UNCCD and the Secretary General of WMO to host the Centre.
Each proposal is to be accompanied by an official letter signed at the Ministerial level. The
following core criteria should be used in the description of the proposal by the host country:

          -          Institutional
           -         Staffing
           -         Technical
           -         Financial

11.     A detailed template to be completed by countries interested in hosting the Centre has been
prepared by WMO in cooperation with the UNCCD secretariat and is being circulated to all South-
Eastern European country Parties to the UNCCD which are participating in the process of
establishing the Centre.

12.    The UNCCD secretariat will officially circulate the proposals received to all South-Eastern
European country Parties to the UNCCD for their consideration and to a South-Eastern European
country non-party to the UNCCD for information.

13.     UNCCD national coordinating bodies, NMHSs and the relevant scientific community in
each South-Eastern European country Party to the UNCCD will consider these proposals and decide
their own national position on the selection of the future host country for the Centre.

14.    WMO will organize a meeting of the representatives from the Permanent Missions to the
United Nations Office at Geneva from the South-Eastern European country Parties to the UNCCD
(Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, The former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia, Greece, Hungary, the Republic of Moldova, Romania, Slovenia and Turkey) tentatively
planned for September 2006. Representatives of the UNCCD secretariat and the Chairman of the
Second Technical Workshop will be invited to attend this meeting.


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15.     A secret voting process for the selection of the country to host the Centre will be organized
at this meeting and the representatives from these Permanent Missions, duly instructed by their
capitals, will participate in the voting.

16.    In order to ensure both the validity of the voting process and full transparency, the teller for
the vote will be seconded by the United Nations Office at Geneva.

17.    Following this meeting, WMO and the UNCCD secretariat will inform all the concerned
countries about the result of the voting process.

18.    Subsequently, WMO and the UNCCD secretariat will prepare a comprehensive project
proposal in full cooperation with the country selected to host the Centre.

19.    A joint communication by the UNCCD secretariat and WMO on the agreement to establish
the Centre will be prepared and circulated at the fifth session of the Committee for the Review of
the Implementation of the Convention (CRIC 5) to be held in Argentina in October 2006. A
representative of Bulgaria at CRIC 5 will make a statement on behalf of the participating countries.

20.    WMO will use its relevant channels to provide information to NMHSs on all further steps
regarding the Centre.

21.     Similarly, the UNCCD secretariat will use its own channels, in particular the regional
meetings of Regional Implementation Annex IV for the Northern Mediterranean and of Regional
Implementation Annex V for Central and Eastern Europe, to provide relevant information on all
further steps regarding the Centre.




Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
                                                                                                                                           14
                                                                                                                         Attachment II



                                                          List of participants

                SECOND TECHNICAL WORKSHOP ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A
              SUB-REGIONAL CENTER RELATED TO DROUGHT IN SOUTH EASTERN
              EUROPE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE UNCCD
                             SOFIA, BULGARIA, 26-28 APRIL 2006

                                               FINAL LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

                                                 COUNTRY PARTIES

 Country name                                                         Name of participants
    ALBANIA                     Mr. Sajmir Hoxha
                                UNCCD Focal Point
                                Cabinet Director, Specialist for Land Management
                                Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Water Administration
                                Rr. Durresi, Nr. 27
                                Tirana, Albania
                                Tel: +355-4 224456
                                Fax: +355-4 270627
                                E-mail: sajmir@abissnet.com.al, shoxha@moe.gov.al

                                Dr. Justina Borici
                                Director of Soil Science Institute
                                Rruga Durresit, Laprake
                                Tirane, Albania
                                Tel/fax: +355-4 228367
                                E-mail: justi_b@hotmail.com

                                Mr. Mitat Sanxhaku (PR)
                                NHMS
                                Academy of Sciences
                                Hydrometeorological Institute
                                “DURRESI” Street, No. 219
                                Tirana, Albania
                                Tel: +355-4 223518
                                Fax: +355-4 223518
                                E-mail: mitats@yahoo.com

 BOSNIA AND                     Prof. Dr. Hamid Custovic
HERZEGOVINA                     UNCCD Focal Point
                                Agricultural Faculty in Sarajevo
                                Zmaja od Bosne 8,
                                71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
                                Tel: +387-3 3653033
                                Fax: +387-3 3667429
                                Mobile: +387-6 177 52 11
                                E-mail: hcustovic@smartnet.ba




Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
                                                                                                                                           15
                                Mr. Enes Alagic
                                Expert on drought
                                Head of Water Management and Development Sector in Public Enterprise
                                Water Management Company
                                Federal Ministries for Agriculture Water Management and Forestry's-Public
                                Enterprise “Sava River catchment area" Sarajevo,
                                St. Grbavicka 4,
                                71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
                                Tel: +387-3 3209831
                                Fax: +387-3 3209831
                                E-mail: alagic@voda.ba

                                Mr. Nedzad Voljevica
                                NHMS
                                Head of Agrimeteorological Division
                                Federal Meteorological Institute
                                Bardakcije 12,
                                71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
                                Tel: +387-3 3276700
                                Fax: +387-3 3276701
                                E-mail: meteo@fmzbih.co.ba

   BULGARIA                     Ms. Tatyana Dimitrova
                                UNCCD Focal Point
                                Expert in Mining Environment and Underground Resources Department
                                Ministry of Environment and Water
                                Maria Luiza Street 22,
                                1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
                                Tel: +359-2 9406532
                                Fax: +359-2 9809641
                                E-mail: urbansoil@moew.government.bg

                                Prof. Vesselin Alexandrov
                                Expert on drought
                                Head Department of Meteorology
                                National Institute of Meteorology and
                                Hydrology
                                66, Tsarigradsko chaussee, blvd.
                                1784 Sofia, Bulgaria
                                Tel.: +359-2 9753996455
                                Fax: +359-2 9884494
                                E-mail: Vesselin.alexandrov@meteo.bg

                                Dr. Konstantin Tsankov
                                NHMS
                                Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
                                National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology
                                Blvd. 66 Tsarigradsko chaussee,
                                1784 Sofia, Bulgaria
                                Tel: +3592 9753986
                                Fax: +3592 9884494 / 9880380
                                E-mail: office@meteo.bg




Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
                                                                                                                                           16
      CROATIA                     Ms. Marija Vihovanec
                                  UNCCD Focal Point
                                  Senior Advisor
                                  Soil Protection Department
                                  Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction
                                  Setalista k. F. Sepera 12,
                                  31000 Osijek, Croatia
                                  Tel: +385-3 1201211
                                  Fax: +385-3 1201212
                                  E-mail: marija.vihovanec@mzopu.hr

                                  Dr. Msc. Milan Mesic
                                  Expert on drought
                                  Professor
                                  Faculty of Agriculture
                                  Department of General Agronomy
                                  Svettosimunska 25,
                                  10000 Zagreb, Croatia
                                  Tel: +385-1 2393956
                                  Fax: +385-1 2393981
                                  E-mail: mmesic@agr.hr

                                  Mr. Ivan Cacic (PR)
                                  NHMS
                                  Meteorological and Hydrological Service
                                  Gric 3
                                  HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia
                                  Tel: +3851 4565693
                                  Fax: +3851 4851901
                                  E-mail: cacic@cirus.dhz.hr

                                  Mr. Kreso Pandzic
                                  NHMS
                                  Meteorological and Hydrological Service
                                  Gric 3
                                  HR-10000, Zagreb, Croatia
                                  Tel: +3851 4565684
                                  Fax: +3851 4851901
                                  E-mail: pandzic@cirus.dhz.hr

FYR OF MACEDONIA                  Ms. Gordana Kozuharova
                                  UNCCD Focal Point
                                  Head of European Integration Department
                                  Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning
                                  Drezdenska 52,
                                  1000 Skopje, FYR of Macedonia
                                  Tel: +389-2 3066930 ext. 132
                                  Fax: +389-2 3066931
                                  E-mail: g.kozuharova@moepp.gov.mk




  Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
                                                                                                                                             17
                                Mr. Vladimir Stavrik
                                Expert on drought
                                ІІІ Makedonska Brigada 10 a,
                                1000 Scopje, FYR of Macedonia
                                Tel: +3890-2 3289282
                                     +3890-2 3291116
                                     +3890-70355592
                                E-mail: vladimir.stavric@undp.org, vstavric@mt.net.mk

                                Dr. Vlado Spiridonov (PR)
                                NHMS
                                Hydrometeorological Service
                                Skupi bb
                                1000 Skopje, FYR of Macedonia
                                Tel: +3890-2 3097103
                                Fax: +3890-2 3097118
                                E-mail: vspiridonov@meteo.gov.mk

                                Mr. Angelko Angeleski
                                NHMS
                                Expert in Agrometeorology
                                Hydrometeorological Service
                                Skupi bb
                                1000 Skopje, FYR of Macedonia
                                Tel: +3890-2 3097103
                                Fax: +3890-2 3097118
                                E-mail: angelkoa@yahoo.com

                                Mr. Pece Ristevski
                                NHMS
                                Advisor for Climatology
                                Hydrometeorological Service
                                Skupi bb
                                1000 Skopje, FYR of Macedonia
                                Tel: +3890-2 3097103
                                Fax: +3890-2 3097118
                                E-mail: pristevski@yahoo.com, pristevski@meteo.gov.mk

   HUNGARY                      Dr. Zoltan Dunkel (PR)
                                NHMS
                                OMSZ – Hungarian Meteorological Service
                                P.O. Box 38
                                Kitaibel Pal utca 1,
                                H-1024 Budapest, Hungary
                                Tel: +361 3464660
                                Fax: +361 3464669
                                Email: dunkel.z@met.hu




Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
                                                                                                                                           18
REP. OF MOLDOVA                  Dr. Ilie Boian
                                 UNCCD Focal Point
                                 First Deputy Director
                                 State Hydrometeorological Service
                                 193 Grenoble Str.,
                                 MD 2043 Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
                                 Tel/ Fax: +373-2 2773529
                                 Tel: +373-2 2773633
                                 E-mail: boian@hidromet.meteo.md

                                 Dr. Ilia Mangul
                                 Expert
                                 Deputy Chief Meteorology Department
                                 State Hydrometeorological Service
                                 193 Grenoble Str.,
                                 MD 2043 Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
                                 Tel: +373-2 2773530
                                 Fax: +373-2 2773529
                                 E-mail: mangul@hidromet.meteo.md

                                 Ms. Natalia Berghi
                                 NHMS
                                 Chief
                                 International Division and European Integration
                                 State Hydrometeorological Service
                                 193 Grenoble Str.
                                 MD 2043 Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
                                 Tel/ Fax: +373-2 2773529
                                 E-mail: intern@hidromet.meteo.md

    ROMANIA                      Mr. Viorel Blujdea
                                 UNCCD Focal Point
                                 Researcher
                                 Forest Research and Management Planning Institute
                                 Sos. Stefanesti 128,
                                 077190 Voluntari, Ilfov
                                 Mobile: +40-745-018387
                                 Tel: +4021-3503240
                                 Fax. +4021-3503245
                                 E-mail: viorel_blujdea@yahoo.com,viorelb@icas.ro




 Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
                                                                                                                                            19
                                Dr. Elena Mateescu
                                NHMS
                                Head of Agrometeorological Group
                                National Meteorological Administration
                                Sos. Bucuresti-Ploiesti 97
                                013686 Bucharest, ROMANIA
                                Tel: +4021-3183240/ 173
                                Fax: +4021-3187762
                                E-mail: mateescu@meteo.inmh.ro

                                Dr. Cornel Soci
                                NHMS
                                National Meteorological Administration
                                Acting Manager
                                97, sos. Bucuresti-Ploiesti
                                013686 Bucharest, Romania
                                Tel/fax: +4021-3162139
                                E-mail: cornel.soci@meteo.inmh.ro

   SLOVENIA                     Mr. Gregor Gregoric
                                Representative of the UNCCD Focal Point
                                Environmental Agency
                                Vojkova c.1/b,
                                1001 Ljubljana, Slovenia
                                Tel: +386-1 4784065
                                Fax: +386-1 4784052
                                E-mail: andreja.susnik@gov.si, gregor.gregoric@gov.si

                                Mr. Jozef Roskar
                                NHMS
                                Head of Slovenian Meteorogological Office
                                Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning
                                Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia
                                Vojkova 1b,
                                1001 Ljubljana, Slovenia p.p. 2608
                                Tel: +3861 4784178
                                Fax: +3861 4784052
                                E-mail: jozef.roskar@gov.si

     TURKEY                     Mr. Mevlüt Düzgün
                                UNCCD Focal Point
                                Ministry of Environment and Forestry
                                Sogutozu Cad. 14/ E, Kat.7
                                0560 Ankara, Turkey
                                Tel: +90-31220750 00/ 5293
                                Fax: +90-3122075320
                                E-mail: duzgunmevlut@yahoo.com




Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
                                                                                                                                           20
                                Mr. Erdogan Özevren
                                Expert
                                Division Directory of Combating of Desertification
                                Ministry of Environment and Forestry
                                General Director of Aforestation and Erosion Control
                                Sogutozu Cad. 14/ E, Kat.12,
                                06560 Ankara, Turkey
                                Tel. +90-3122075716
                                Fax: +90-3122075756
                                E-mail: eozevren@yahoo.com

                                Mr. Bülent Yagci
                                NHMS
                                Head of Research and Computer division
                                Turkish State Meteorological Service
                                P.O. Box 401, Ankara, Turkey
                                Tel: +90312 3022626
                                Fax: +90312 3612040
                                E-mail: byagci@meteor.gov.tr

                                               COUNTRY NON PARTY

 SERBIA &                       Ms. Jovanka Andrejevic
MONTENEGRO                      NHMS
                                Republic Hydrometeorology Service of Serbia
                                KnezaViseslava 66,
                                Belgrade, Serbia & Montenegro
                                Tel: +381-113537923
                                E-mail: office@hidmet.sr.gov.yu

                                Mr. Dragan Jovanovic,
                                Assistant Director for Meteorology
                                Republic Hydrometeorologich Service of Serbia
                                Kneza Viseslava 66
                                Belgrade, Serbia & Montenegro
                                Tel: +381-113537860
                                Fax: +381-113537847
                                E-mail: dkjovanovic@hidmet.sr.gov.yu

                              MEMBERS OF THE EXPERT GROUP OF CST

                                Ms. Maria Sokolovska
                                Forest Research Institue, BAS
                                132, Bulv. Kliment Ohridski,
                                1756 Sofia, Bulgaria
                                Tel: +359-2 9620442
                                Fax: +359-2 9620447
                                E-mail: mariagrozeva@hotmail.com




Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
                                                                                                                                           21
                                 Prof. Laszlo Vermes
                                 Budapest Corvinus University
                                 Faculty of Horticultural Sciences
                                 Dept. of Soil Sciences and Water Management
                                 Villányi út 29-43, 1118 Budapest, Hungary
                                 Tel: +36-1 4826272
                                 Fax: +36-1 4826336
                                 E-mail: laszlo.vermes@uni-corvinus.hu




UNCCD Secretariat                Ms. Elysabeth David
                                 Coordinator Europe Unit
                                 Martin-Luther-King-Strasse 8,
                                 53175 Bonn, Germany
                                 Tel: +49-228 8152834
                                 Fax: +49-228 8152898/99
                                 E-mail: edavid@unccd.int

                                 Mr. Mikhail Outkine
                                 Programme Officer
                                 Martin-Luther-King-Strasse 8,
                                 53175 Bonn, Germany
                                 Tel: +49-228 8152850
                                 Fax: +49-228 8152898/99
                                 E-mail: moutkine@unccd.int

        WMO                      Dr M.V.K. Sivakumar
                                 Chief
                                 Agricultural Meteorology Division
                                 World Meteorological Organization
                                 7bis Avenue de la Paix
                                 P.O. Box 2300
                                 1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland
                                 Tel: +41-22 7308380 (direct)
                                 Fax: +41-22 7308042 (direct fax)/+41-22 7308181 (registry fax)
                                 E-mail: msivakumar@wmo.int

                                 Mr. Dusan HRCEK
                                 Subregional Representative
                                 Subregional Office for Europe
                                 World Meteorogical Organization
                                 7bis Avenue de la Paix
                                 P.O. Box 2300
                                 1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland
                                 Tel: +41-22 7308143
                                 Fax: +41-22 7308047
                                 E-mail: dhrcek@wmo.int




 Second Technical Workshop on the Establishment of a Subregional Centre relating to drought in South-Eastern Europe in the context of the UNCCD
                                                                                                                                            22