Final Report Foxwoods Philadelphia Proposed Slot Parlor Casino Development on

Document Sample
Final Report Foxwoods Philadelphia Proposed Slot Parlor Casino Development on Powered By Docstoc
					                Final Report

     Foxwoods-Philadelphia
   Proposed Slot Parlor/Casino
         Development
                         on
       Columbus Boulevard
             between
      Reed and Tasker Streets

          City of Philadelphia



                May 15, 2006




                                            ________________________
                                               Jeffrey Greene, P.E.
                                           PE Number PE-019622-E



                                            ________________________
                                              H. Richard Orth, P.E.
                                           PE Number PE-037755-R



230 South Broad Street • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102
       Phone (215) 735-1932 • Fax (215) 735-5954
                 www.orth-rodgers.com
                             TABLE OF CONTENTS


                                                         Page Number
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    Introduction                                                  i
    Existing Traffic Conditions                                 iii
    Traffic Characteristics of the Slots Parlor/Casino           v
    Future Traffic Conditions                                  vii
    The Proposed Improvement Program                          viii
    Meeting the Mandate                                         ix

INTRODUCTION                                                     1


DEVELOPMENT-GENERATED TRFFIC                                     4

    Trip Generation                                              4
    Selection of Critical Peak Hours                             6
    Traffic Distribution                                         6


EXISTING CONDITIONS                                            13

    Railroad                                                   15
    Public Transit Service                                     16


EXISTING TRAFFIC VOLUMES AND PATTERNS                           17

    Volume/Capacity Analysis of Existing Conditions            21


RECOMMENDED TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM                 29

    Year 2008 Analysis                                         29
    Year 2010 Analysis                                         47
    Complementary Transportation Improvements                  62
    Meeting the Mandate                                        70
                         LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS


Figure No.                                                                     Page Number

    i        Site Location and Columbus Boulevard ‘Corridor’                         ii

   ii        Proposed Traffic Improvements to the Columbus Boulevard
             Corridor                                                                x

   iii       Overall Intersection Peak Hour Delay                                   xi


   1         Site Location Map                                                       2

   2         Friday Hourly Distribution of Total Intersection Traffic Volume        7

   3         Saturday Hourly Distribution of Total Intersection Traffic Volume       8

   4         Friday Hourly Distribution of Total Intersection Traffic Volume
               And Phase I Site Generated Traffic                                    9

   5         Saturday Hourly Distribution of Total Intersection Traffic Volume
              And Phase I Site Generated Traffic                                    10

   6         Estimated Trip Distribution                                            12

   7         Existing Early Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes              18

   8         Existing Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes            19

   9         Existing Early Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service            26

  10         Existing Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service          27

  11         2008 No Build Early Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes         30

  12         2008 No Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic
               Volumes                                                              31

  13         2008 No Build Early Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service       33

  14         2008 No Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of
                   Service                                                          34

  15         2008 Build Early Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
                With Improvements                                                   36
                         LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
                                     (continued)


Figure No.                                                                   Page Number

  16         2008 Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
                With Improvements                                                 37

  17         Concept Plan of Columbus Boulevard and I-676 On and
               I-676/95 SB Off Ramp Improvements                                  40

  18         Concept Plan of Columbus Boulevard and Washington
               Avenue Improvements                                                41

  19         Concept Plan of Columbus Boulevard and Reed, Dickinson
               And Tasker Streets Improvements                                    42

  20         Concept Plan of Columbus Boulevard and Morris Street
               Improvements                                                       43

  21         2008 Build Early Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service
                With Improvements                                                 45

  22         2008 Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of
                Service With Improvements                                         46

  23         2010 Build Early Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
                With Improvements w/o Dickinson Ramp                              48

  24         2010 Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
                With Improvements without Dickinson Ramp                          49

  25         2010 Build Early Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service
                With Improvements without Dickinson Ramp                          51


  26         2010 Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service
                With Improvements without Dickinson Ramp                          52

   27        Concept Plan View of Proposed Southbound I-95 Off-Ramp               55

   28        Profile of Proposed Southbound I-95 Off-Ramp                         56
                         LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
                                     (continued)


Figure No.                                                             Page Number

  29         2010 Build Early Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic
                Volumes with Improvements and Dickinson Ramp                57

  30         2010 Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic
                Volumes with Improvements and Dickinson Ramp                58

  31         2010 Build Early Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of
                Service with Improvements and Dickinson Ramp                60

  32         2010 Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of
                Service with Improvements and Dickinson Ramp                61

  33         Routes of Approach to the Casino Site                          64

  34         Routes of Departure from the Casino Site                       65

  35         Alternate Routes of Approach to the Casino Site                67

  36         Overall Intersection Peak Hour Delay                           71
                          LIST OF TABULATIONS


Table No.                                                             Page Number

   I        Estimates/Assumptions Used to Develop Phase I & II
                  Traffic Generation Projections                           4

   II       Phase I Peak Hourly Vehicular Traffic                          5

   III      Phase II Peak Hourly Vehicular Traffic                         5

   IV       Projected Direction of Approach/Departure of
                   Casino Traffic                                         11

   V        Bus Routes Convenient to the Casino Site                      16

   VI       Peak Hour Total Intersection Volume along
                  Columbus Boulevard                                      20

   VII      Level of Service for Signalized Intersections                 22

   VIII     Level of Service and Expected Delay for Unsignalized
                   Intersections                                          24

   IX       Comparison of Existing and No-Build Peak Hour Total
                 Intersection Peak Hour Traffic Volumes Along
                 Columbus Boulevard                                       32

   X        Comparison of Existing and No-Build Intersection Levels
                 Of Service Along Columbus Boulevard                      35

   XI       Comparison of Existing and Phase I Total Intersection
                 Peak Hour Traffic Volumes along Columbus
                 Boulevard                                                38

   XII      Comparison of Existing and Phase I Intersection Levels
                 Of Service along Columbus Boulevard                      44

   XIII     Comparison of Existing and Phase II Total Intersection
                 Peak Hour Traffic Volumes along Columbus
                 Boulevard                                                50

   XIV      Comparison of Existing and Phase II Intersection Levels
                 Of Service along Columbus Boulevard                      53
                         LIST OF TABULATIONS
                                    (continued)


Table No.                                                             Page Number


   XV       Comparison of Existing and Phase II Total Intersection Peak
                 Hour Traffic Volumes along Columbus Boulevard
                 Assuming a new Dickinson Street Off-Ramp                 59

   XVI      Comparison of Existing and Phase II Peak Hour Intersection
                 Levels of Service along Columbus Boulevard
                 Assuming the Dickinson Street Off-Ramp                   62
                              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Introduction


        Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia proposes to develop a slots parlor/casino on a site on
the east side of Columbus Boulevard between Reed and Tasker Streets in the City of Phila-
delphia (Figure i). The development will occur in several phases. The initial development
phase (i.e., Phase I) will accommodate 3,000 slot machines to be completed by 2008. It is
anticipated that an additional 2,000 slots for a total of 5,000 slots would be added in Phase
II. Some restaurant and retail/entertainment activities would also be included as part of
the proposed development but are considered as ancillary uses to the slot machines. A
third development phase (i.e., Phase III) could involve development of a 500 room hotel on
the site and potential development of about 200 residential condominium units in the
northern part of the site at Reed Street. The third development phase is not anticipated to
generate substantial new traffic volumes and will be addressed later.

        The purpose of this report is to present the results of an analysis of the potential
traffic impact of the initial two phases of the proposed development. The report presents a
review of present peak hour traffic volumes and intersection levels of service along the Co-
lumbus Boulevard ‘corridor’; projects future peak hour traffic volumes and associated traffic
conditions without the proposed slot parlor/casino; estimates peak hourly traffic volumes
which will be generated by the proposed slots parlor/casino and superimposes that projected
demand on the estimates of future volumes without the proposed development to provide
estimates of future peak hour traffic with the slots parlor/casino in operation.

        Finally, and most importantly, this report outlines a series of proposed improve-
ments to meet the mandate established by Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia which is to
“MAKE TRAFFIC CONDITIONS ON COLUMBUS BOULEVARD BETTER THAN THEY
ARE TODAY.” This mandate and its associated high standards are directed at a major
concern of several neighborhoods/communities along the Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor’ –
i.e. traffic. Typically, a study of the traffic impact of a proposed




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                          Page i
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
        new development is directed only at off-setting or mitigating the specific additional
traffic impact generated by the proposed development. In this instance, Foxwoods Casino –
Philadelphia proposes to accept ‘ownership’ of the existing traffic situation and the impact
associated with ‘other’ development along the ‘corridor’ as well as additional traffic gener-
ated by the proposed Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia development. As illustrated in Fig-
ure i, the study is directed at the following intersections along the Columbus Boulevard
‘corridor’:

                        Lombard Circle/I-95 Northbound On Ramp
                        I-676/I-95 On/Off Ramps
                        Christian Street
                        Washington Avenue
                        I-95 Northbound Off-Ramp Reed Street
                        Dickinson Street
                        Tasker Street
                        Morris Street




Existing Traffic Conditions


        There is existing traffic congestion along Columbus Boulevard between the Lombard
Circle/I-95 northbound ramp intersection and Tasker Street. While a majority of the inter-
sections operate at Level of Service 'C' or better on Friday during peak traffic hours, the
Washington Avenue intersection operates at Level of Service 'F'. In addition, a number of
individual movements (traffic lanes) function at Level of Service 'E' or 'F' during the Friday
peak traffic hour. These include:

                the northbound left-turn from Columbus Boulevard to the I-676 on-ramp

                the northbound left-turn to westbound Christian Street and the southbound
                left-turn into Pier 40

                the southbound approach movement on Columbus Boulevard at Washington
                Avenue -- primarily as a result of the number of motorists who utilize the
                right-lane because they intend to turn right onto Washington Avenue or turn
                right into retail centers and/or the movie theater complex further south leav-
                ing unused capacity in the remaining two southbound through lanes



Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                          Page iii
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                      May 15, 2006
                the eastbound left-turn from Washington Avenue onto northbound Columbus
                Boulevard and the northbound left-turn from Columbus Boulevard to west-
                bound Washington Avenue

                the northbound left-turn from Columbus Boulevard onto Reed Street and the
                southbound left-turn at this intersection


        All but two signalized intersections on Columbus Boulevard between Lombard Circle
to the north and Tasker Street to the south function at an overall Level of Service 'C' or bet-
ter during the Saturday early afternoon peak traffic hour. The exceptions are the intersec-
tion with Washington Avenue, which operates at Level of Service 'E', and the intersection
with Reed Street which operates at Level of Service ‘D’. There are also a number of indi-
vidual movements (traffic lanes) which function at Level of Service 'E' or 'F' during the Sat-
urday peak traffic hour including:

                the northbound left-turn from Columbus Boulevard to the I-676 on-ramp

                the northbound left-turn to westbound Christian Street and the southbound
                left-turn into Pier 40

                the eastbound left-turn from Washington Avenue onto Columbus Boulevard
                and the northbound left-turn from Columbus Boulevard to westbound Wash-
                ington Avenue

                the southbound approach movement on Columbus Boulevard at Reed Street –
                primarily as a result of motorists who are making the right turn onto west-
                bound Reed Street

                the northbound left-turn from Columbus Boulevard onto Reed Street and the
                southbound left-turn at this intersection

                the eastbound approach movement on Tasker Street at Columbus Boulevard


        It should also be noted that some significant delay and congestion is experienced at
other intersections during other times of the day/evening -- e.g., the exit movements from
the southbound I-95/I-676 off-ramp.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                         Page iv
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
Traffic Characteristics of the Slots Parlor/Casino


        It is estimated that at Phase I, the proposed casino would attract 20,000 patrons per
day on Fridays and 28,500 patrons per day on Saturdays, the two busiest days of the week.
With Phase II, it is estimated that the facility would attract 26,000 and 39,900 patrons per
day on Fridays and Saturdays, respectively. Estimates of traffic to be generated by the
proposed slots parlor/casino include both patrons and employees. The esti-
mates/assumptions provided by Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia as summarized below
were utilized to project traffic demand which would be generated by the proposed develop-
ment:

               Estimates And Assumptions Used To Develop Phase I & II
                           Traffic Generation Projections
                                                   Phase I              Phase II
                                             Friday Saturday       Friday Saturday
            Total Number of Patrons           20,000     28,500     26,000     39,900
            Average Duration of Stay         4 hours    4 hours    4 hours    4 hours
            Number of Bus Trips                   50          35        55          40
            Patrons Arriving via Bus           2,000       1,400     2,200       1,600
            Number of Employees                  950         950     1,250       1,250
            Employees Using Public Transit      30%         30%       30%         30%
            Average Auto Occupancy
                  Patrons                        2.0         2.0       2.0         2.0
                  Employees                      1.0         1.0       1.0         1.0


        The volume of automobile traffic which will be added to the street network will vary
throughout the day (as does the volume of ‘other’ traffic using the street network). Since
the purpose of this report is to analyze the ‘worst case’ situation, the peak hours analyzed
should be those hours when the sum of the existing (i.e. ‘other’) traffic volume and the ca-
sino-generated traffic volumes are the greatest.

        Review of the collected traffic count data and casino projections indicate that the
highest traffic volumes along the Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor’ – both existing and casino-
generated – will occur on Fridays and Saturdays. The hour of the highest casino-generated
traffic activity on these two days is expected to occur at about 10:00 p.m. However, existing
volumes on Columbus Boulevard and intersecting cross streets in the vicinity of the site
during this time period are significantly lower than at other times of the day. In addition,



Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                           Page v
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                       May 15, 2006
the casino is expected to have another peak traffic period on Friday afternoon just prior to
the late afternoon commuter peak when existing volumes are only slightly less than com-
muter peak volumes. As a result, it is anticipated that the future peak traffic hour on Fri-
day – with consideration of existing volumes and casino-generated demand – will occur be-
tween 3:00 p.m. and 4:00 p.m.

        Review of existing and projected future casino-generated traffic volumes on Satur-
days indicates that the peak traffic hour along the Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor’ will occur
between 1:00 p.m. and 2:00 p.m. Traffic volumes estimated to be generated by the proposed
slots parlor/casino during these periods in each of the two development phases is summa-
rized below:

                    Fooxwoods Casino – Philadelphia Trip Generation

                        Time Period                    Phase I        Phase II
                                                                Friday
                                                 In    Out   Total In Out     Total
             Late Afternoon (around 3:00 P.M.)   440   210     650 572 273      845
                                                              Saturday
                                                 In    Out   Total In Out     Total
             Late Afternoon (around 1:00 P.M.)   690   425   1,115 690 425    1,115




        Traffic generated by the new slots parlor/casino will approach and depart via differ-
ent routes which will most likely vary by time of day and day of the week -- depending upon
traffic conditions. Route of approach and departure can also be significantly affected by di-
rectional signage on the street/highway system and by marketing information/material
provided to the public.

        Review of available demographic data and consideration of the configuration of the
regional highway network and varying traffic conditions along the Columbus Boulevard
'corridor' on different days of the week and at different times of the day suggest the follow-
ing distribution of development generated traffic during peak hour traffic hours:




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                            Page vi
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                        May 15, 2006
                Fooxwoods Casino – Philadelphia Direction of Approach

                                  Direction                         Arrive From    Depart To

North on Columbus Boulevard (i.e., north of Lombard Circle)             15%            15%

North on I-95 and/or via I-676                                          40%            30%

South on I-95                                                           20%            20%
South on Columbus Boulevard (including some traffic to/from the         15%            25%
south on I-95 or via the Walt Whitman Bridge
West on Washington Avenue                                                6%            6%

West on Reed Street, Tasker Street, and other local streets              4%            4%




Future Traffic Conditions


                Existing peak hour traffic volumes were increased by 4.2 % to reflect growth
and other developments along the Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor’ between now and 2008
when Phase I of the slots parlor/casino will be open. Existing peak hour traffic was in-
creased 7.4 % to reflect growth and development within the ‘corridor’ by 2010 when Phase
II will be completed.

        Addition of casino-generated traffic to projected future volumes without Foxwoods
Casino – Philadelphia slots parlor/casino results in a total projected increase of about 15 %
in Friday afternoon peak hour volumes and about 20 % in Saturday afternoon peak hour
volumes ( as compared with existing volumes) in 2008 with Phase I of the slots par-
lor/casino open. By 2010, with Phase II completed, Friday afternoon peak volumes are es-
timated to be about 20 % higher than existing levels while Saturday afternoon peak vol-
umes are estimated to be about 30 % greater than existing demands.

        Clearly, with projected peak hour traffic increases in the ranges noted, there will be
some substantial increase in congestion/delay along the Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor
unless some improvements are implemented.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                        Page vii
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
The Proposed Improvement Program



        A series of improvements are proposed to satisfactorily serve projected peak hour
volumes upon completion of Phase I in 2008 and also to satisfy the mandate to “make traffic
conditions better than today”. These improvements include the following:

                Re-establish the coordinated traffic signal system on Columbus Boulevard
                and then update it to incorporate the latest technology to eliminate the con-
                stant stopping and starting of traffic which is experienced today;

                Construct a northbound double left turn lane on Columbus Boulevard at the
                I-676 ramp to eliminate the back-ups onto the through lanes of northbound
                Columbus Boulevard;

                Construct a northbound double left turn lane at Washington Avenue; in addi-
                tion, re-stripe the eastbound Washington Avenue approach to provide a dou-
                ble left turn lane and revise the signal operation to provide sufficient walk
                time for a pedestrian to cross Columbus Boulevard without having to walk
                through turning traffic. Lastly, provide a southbound right-turn only lane by
                removing one of the through lanes. This is the most congested intersection in
                Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor’ and these improvements will eliminate that
                congestion.

                Re-stripe the eastbound Reed Street approach for three lanes and allow left
                turns from the center and leftmost lane of the approach. Stripe two west-
                bound lanes on this same block in order to provide space for westbound traffic
                to bypass movie theater traffic.

                Install a signal at Dickinson Street and re-stripe the southbound Columbus
                Boulevard approach for two through lanes and a double left turn lane. Stripe
                a double right turn lane for exit from the site and two eastbound lanes for en-
                trance into the site. Prohibit left and U-turns on the northbound Columbus
                Boulevard approach.

                Widen Tasker Street to provide two eastbound approach lanes at Columbus
                Boulevard; and

                Install a new signalized intersection at Morris Street and Columbus Boule-
                vard in order to provide direct access from northbound Columbus Boulevard
                to the I-95 southbound on-ramp; northbound Columbus Boulevard traffic cur-
                rently U-turns at Dickinson Street to reach the I-95 southbound on-ramp.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                        Page viii
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
        The Phase I improvements listed above will provide sufficient capacity to improve
conditions even with Phase II casino traffic, but one major additional improvement is rec-
ommended to meet the mandate to improve upon existing conditions – i.e., construct a new
off-ramp from southbound I-95 to Dickinson Street connecting directly and only to Colum-
bus Boulevard to provide direct access to the Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia site. Pro-
posed traffic improvements along the Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor’ are noted in Figure ii.

        In addition, a series of complementary improvements are also recommended to fur-
ther improve street traffic conditions in and around the Foxwoods Casino -Philadelphia
site:

                install changeable message signage to route motorists to the least congested
                route to the site

                provide sufficient parking and additional on-site queuing areas to eliminate
                any chance of traffic spilling back onto Columbus Boulevard

                coordinate with SEPTA and tour bus operators for patron transit to the ca-
                sino

                provide off-site parking with shuttles for employees

                arrange provision of water taxi service between Pier 60 at the casino and en-
                tertainment/activities on both sides of the Delaware River

                encourage other entertainment and retail sites along the Columbus Boule-
                vard ‘corridor’ to develop and provide marketing information identifying al-
                ternate routes to be utilized in traveling to/from these locations




Meeting the Mandate



        The results of implementation of the improvement program as outlined in terms of
overall intersection delay experienced along the Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor’ from
Lombard Circle to Morris Street are illustrated in Figure iii. As shown, compared to exist-
ing conditions, overall peak hour ‘corridor’ delay will be reduced by 32 % on Fri days and by
16 % on Saturdays in 2008 (with Phase I) and by 37 % on Fridays and by 5 % on Saturdays
in 2010 with Phase II and the proposed new southbound I-95 off-ramp at Dickinson Street.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                        Page ix
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                    May 15, 2006
                                                         Figure iii
                                           Overall Intersection Peak Hour Delay
                                                  Columbus Boulevard Corridor
                                             between Lombard Circle and Morris Street
                                          Fridays                                                                     Saturdays
                              (between 3:00 p.m. and 4:00 p.m.)                                             (between 1:00 p.m. and 2:00 p.m.
                          4
Delay per Vehicle (min)




                                                                                                       4




                                                                             Delay per Vehicle (min)
                          3                                                                            3

                          2                                                                            2

                          1                                                                            1

                          0                                                                            0
                              Existing     Phase I 2008     Phase II 2010                                  Existing        Phase I       Phase II 2010
                                                              with new                                                                     with new
                                                            southbound I-                                                                southbound I-
                                                            95 off-ramp at                                                               95 off-ramp at
                                                              Dickinson                                                                    Dickinson
                                                                Street                                                                       Street
        This analysis has clearly shown that the mandate has been met and traffic condi-
tions along the Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor’ will be better than they are today with im-
plementation of the transportation program.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                      Page xii
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                   May 15, 2006
                                  INTRODUCTION


        Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia proposes to develop a slots parlor/casino on a site on
the east side of Columbus Boulevard between Reed and Tasker Streets in the City of Phila-
delphia (Figure 1). The development will occur in several phases. The initial development
phase (i.e., Phase I) will provide 3,000 slot machines by 2008. Ultimately, it is anticipated
that a total of 5,000 slots would be available (i.e., Phase II). Some restaurant and re-
tail/entertainment activities would also be included as part of the proposed development
but are considered as ancillary uses to the slot machines. A third development phase (i.e.,
Phase III) could involve development of a 500 room hotel on the site and potential develop-
ment of about 200 residential condominium units in the northern part of the site (i.e., to-
ward Reed Street). The third development phase is not anticipated to generate substantial
new traffic volumes and will be addressed later.

        The purpose of this report is to present the results of an analysis of the potential
traffic impact of the proposed development. The focus of the report is directed at the first
two phases. It is important to stress that this study is designed not only to provide recom-
mendations to result in safe and efficient site access for the proposed development and to
offset the impact of site-generated traffic. It goes further and recommends improvements,
which will go a long way to mitigate existing traffic problems encountered by residents of
the nearby neighborhoods.

        The study includes:

                an examination of the existing transportation situation in the vicinity of the
                site including a field inventory of existing streets and intersections and ob-
                servations of traffic conditions

                conduct of automatic traffic recorder (ATR) counts and manual intersection
                turning movement counts at key intersections along the Columbus Boulevard
                'corridor' between Tasker Street and Lombard Circle




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                           Page 1
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                       May 15, 2006
Orth - Rodgers   Associates, Inc.                                                                                                         FIGURE 1

Site Location Map
Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia
PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                       I-95
                                                                                         ON
                                                                                            NB
                                                                                             RAM
                                                                                                 P
                                                                   I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                     I-676

                                                                         ON
                                                                           /I
                                                                                                                              LOM
                                                                                                                                  BAR
                                                                                                                               CIR    D
                                                                                                                                  CLE




                                                                                  FF
                                                         CHR
                                                            IS
                                                        STR TIAN
                                                           EET




                                                                                                                   PIE
                                                                                                                      R 40
                                                                                                                          S




                                     WASHINGTON                                                                          US COAST
                                     AVENUE                                                          BOULEVARD             GUARD




                                              NB
                                         I-95
                                                  AMP
                                             FF R
                                                                                                     COLUMBUS




                                           O
                                                                                                                      COMCAST



                                         REED
                                         STREET
                                                                                                     CHRISTOPHER




                                                                                                                              SITE
                                         DICKINSON
                                         STREET                                                                        SITE


                                         TASKER
                                         STREET
                                             STREET
                                             WATER




                                    MORRIS
                                    STREET
                                                                               SWANSON
                                                                               STREET
                determination of current peak hourly volumes along the 'corridor' and evalua-
                tion of current peak period traffic conditions

                estimation of peak hourly traffic to be generated by the proposed develop-
                ment

                an assessment of the impact of the proposed development on traffic condi-
                tions along the 'corridor' and the identification (for purposes of on-going
                evaluation) of possible actions to address existing traffic problems and to pro-
                vide for safe and efficient site access.


        The study has been directed at the following intersections:

                Morris Street and Columbus Boulevard
                Morris Street and Water Street
                Columbus Boulevard and Tasker Street
                Columbus Boulevard and Dickinson Street
                Columbus Boulevard and Reed Street
                Columbus Boulevard and I-95 northbound off-ramp
                Columbus Boulevard and Washington Avenue
                Columbus Boulevard and Christian Street
                Columbus Boulevard and I-676 on-ramp and I-676 and I-95 southbound off-
                ramp
                Columbus Boulevard and I-95 northbound on-ramp and Lombard Circle


        The study has been directed at the peak traffic hours on a late Friday afternoon and
early Saturday afternoon because data shows that it is during these two periods that the
combination of existing traffic demand and that generated by the proposed casino develop-
ment will be at a maximum -- i.e., the ‘worst case’.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                          Page 3
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                      May 15, 2006
              DEVELOPMENT-GENERATED TRAFFIC


        This section addresses the questions of how much traffic will be generated by the
proposed casino, which peak hours of the day and which days of the week represent the
critical peak periods to analyze and from which direction traffic will arrive and depart the
site.



Trip Generation


        Estimates of traffic volume to be generated by the development include considera-
tion of patrons and staff/employees. On the basis of information provided by the casino op-
erator, the estimates/assumptions outlined in Table I were utilized to project traffic de-
mand, which might be generated by initial phases development schedule to include 3,000
slot machines and some ancillary restaurant, and retail/entertainment uses. A second
phase including an additional 2,000 slot machines and additional ancillary restaurant and
retail/entertainment uses will follow.



                                         Table I
                            Estimates/Assumptions Used to
                   Develop Phase I & II Traffic Generation Projections

                      Intersection                 Phase I              Phase II
                                             Friday Saturday       Friday Saturday
            Total Number of Patrons           20,000     28,500     26,000     39,900
            Average Duration of Stay         4 hours    4 hours    4 hours    4 hours
            Number of Bus Trips                   50          35        55          40
            Patrons Arriving via Bus           2,000       1,400     2,200       1,600
            Number of Employees                  951         951     1,254       1,254
            Employees Using Public Transit      30%         30%       30%         30%
            Average Auto Occupancy
                  Patrons                        2.0         2.0       2.0         2.0
                  Employees                      1.0         1.0       1.0         1.0




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                           Page 4
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                       May 15, 2006
        Application of these estimates/assumptions to an estimated hourly patron arrival
pattern also developed in cooperation with the casino operator results in the following pro-
jections of peak hourly vehicular traffic associated with initial phase development of the
site as summarized in Table II.



                                          Table II
                            Phase I Peak Hourly Vehicular Traffic

                                  Intersection                  Friday
                                                            In   Out Total
                       Late Afternoon (around 3:00 P.M.)    440 210     650
                       Late Evening (around 10:00 P.M.)     875 760 1,635
                                                               Saturday
                                                            In     Out   Total
                       Late Afternoon (around 1:00 P.M.)     690   425   1,115
                       Late Evening (around 10:00 P.M.)    1,000   960   1,960




        With the addition of 2,000 more slot machines, site generated traffic is expected to
increase by 30 percent on Friday and 40 % on Saturday. Applying these increases, results
in the following projections of site generated traffic during the peak hours as seen in Table
III.



                                          Table III
                           Phase II Peak Hourly Vehicular Traffic

                                  Intersection                    Friday
                                                            In     Out Total
                      Late Afternoon (around 3:00 P.M.)      572    273   845
                      Late Evening (around 10:00 P.M.)     1,138    988 2,126
                                                                 Saturday
                                                            In     Out Total
                      Late Afternoon (around 1:00 P.M.)      966    595 1,561
                      Late Evening (around 10:00 P.M.)     1,400 1,344 2,744




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                         Page 5
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
Selection of Critical Peak Hours


        The process of selecting the critical peak analysis hours was based on a review of
daily street traffic volume data collected with automated traffic counters, manual turning
movement count data and estimated traffic generated by the casino on an hourly basis.
Figures 2 and 3 illustrate the existing total combined intersection traffic volume along the
Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor’ on a Friday and Saturday, respectively. As indicated, the
period with the four highest consecutive 15 minute periods of combined intersection traffic
volume occur from 3:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. on Friday and 1:00 p.m. to 2:00 p.m. on Saturday.
However, for analysis purposes, it is important to capture the highest peak hour after the
proposed casino is opened. This represents the highest traffic period and the worst case for
analysis. In short, the transportation improvement program required for the proposed slots
parlor/casino must address the unacceptable traffic conditions during these hours, regard-
less of the hour of the day the existing street peak represents.

        The estimated hourly traffic generated by the slots parlor/casino including patron
vehicles, buses and employees was added to the daily traffic as shown in Figures 4 and 5 for
Friday and Saturday, respectively. The results show that the existing peak hours for Fri-
day and Saturday would not change once casino traffic is added to the Columbus Boulevard
‘corridor’. Upon further review of manual turning movement counts, some minor adjust-
ments were made. As a result, the peak traffic hours established for this analysis are 3:15
p.m. to 4:15 p.m. and 1:15 p.m. to 2:15 p.m. on Friday and Saturday, respectively.




Traffic Distribution


        Traffic generated by the new slots parlor/casino will approach and depart via differ-
ent routes which will most likely vary by time of day and day of the week -- depending upon
traffic conditions. Route of approach and departure can also be significantly affected by di-
rectional signage on the street/highway system and by marketing information/material
provided to the public.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                         Page 6
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
                                                                 Figure 2
                                      Friday Hourly Distribution of Total Intersection Traffic Volume
                                                            COLUMBUS BOULEVARD CORRIDOR

           16000



           14000



           12000



           10000
Vehicles




           8000



           6000



           4000



           2000



               0
                                                    PM




                                                             PM




                                                                       PM




                                                                                   PM




                                                                                                PM




                                                                                                         PM




                                                                                                                  PM




                                                                                                                            PM




                                                                                                                                      PM
                   PM




                             PM




                                       PM




                                                                                                                             0




                                                                                                                                       0
                    0




                                                                                                                 00
                                                 00




                                                            00




                                                                                  00




                                                                                               00




                                                                                                        00
                            00




                                      00




                                                                      00




                                                                                                                          :0




                                                                                                                                    :0
                 :0




                                                                                                              9:
                                   2:




                                              3:




                                                         4:




                                                                   5:




                                                                               6:




                                                                                            7:




                                                                                                     8:
                         1:




                                                                                                                       10




                                                                                                                                 11
              12




                                                                           Hour Beginning


              NOTE: VOLUME REPRESENT SUM OF TOTAL
                  INTERSECTION TRAFFIC FOR ALL
                  INTERSECTIONS BETWEEN LOMBARD
                  STREET AND MORRIS STREET
                                                                 Figure 3
                                     Saturday Hourly Distribution of Total Intersection Traffic Volume
                                                        COLUMBUS BOULEVARD CORRIDOR

           30000




           25000




           20000
Vehicles




           15000




           10000




           5000




                0
                  1: M

                  2: M

                  3: M
                  1: M

                  2: M

                  3: M

                  4: M

                  5: M

                  6: M

                  7: M

                  8: M

                  9: M
                         AM

                         AM

                         AM




                  4: M

                  5: M

                  6: M

                  7: M

                  8: M

                  9: M
                         PM

                         PM

                         PM
                         P
                         A

                         A




                         P

                         P
                         A

                         A

                         A

                         A

                         A

                         A

                         A




                         P

                         P

                         P

                         P

                         P

                         P
                       0

                       0
                  0




                       0




                       0

                       0
                     00

                     00

                     00

                     00

                     00

                     00

                     00

                     00




                     00

                     00

                     00
                     00




                     00

                     00

                     00

                     00

                     00

                     00
                    :0
               :0




                    :0

                    :0




                    :0

                    :0
                 11

                 12




                 11
            12




                 10




                 10
                                                                   Hour Beginning

                 NOTE: VOLUME REPRESENT SUM OF TOTAL
                     INTERSECTION TRAFFIC FOR ALL
                     INTERSECTIONS BETWEEN LOMBARD
                     STREET AND MORRIS STREET
                                                                Figure 4
                      Friday Hourly Distribution of Total Intersection Traffic Volume and Phase I Site Generated
                                                                 Traffic
                                                            COLUMBUS BOULEVARD CORRIDOR
         18000


         16000


         14000


         12000


         10000                                                                                                                 Site Generated
Volume




                                                                                                                               Traffic Exiting

         8000                                                                                                                  Site Generated
                                                                                                                               Traffic Entering
         6000
                                                                                                                               Total Intersection
                                                                                                                               Traffic Volume
         4000


         2000


            0




                                                                                                                          PM
                                                                                    PM



                                                                                             PM



                                                                                                      PM



                                                                                                                PM
                                                               PM



                                                                           PM
                                    PM



                                             PM



                                                      PM
                 PM



                           PM




                                                                                                                 0



                                                                                                                           0
                 0




                                                                                                     00
                                            00



                                                     00



                                                              00



                                                                          00



                                                                                   00



                                                                                            00
                                   00
                          00




                                                                                                                        :0
                                                                                                              :0
              :0




                                                                                                  9:
                                         3:



                                                  4:



                                                           5:



                                                                       6:



                                                                                7:



                                                                                         8:
                                2:
                       1:




                                                                                                                     11
                                                                                                           10
           12




                                                                   Hour Beginning

            NOTE: VOLUME REPRESENT SUM OF TOTAL
                INTERSECTION TRAFFIC FOR ALL
                INTERSECTIONS BETWEEN LOMBARD
                STREET AND MORRIS STREET
                                                               Figure 5
                    Saturday Hourly Distribution of Total Intersection Traffic Volume and Phase I Site Generated
                                                                Traffic
                                                     COLUMBUS BOULEVARD CORRIDOR
         30000




         25000




         20000
                                                                                                              Site Generated
                                                                                                              Traffic Exiting
Volume




                                                                                                              Site Generated
         15000
                                                                                                              Traffic Entering

                                                                                                              Total
                                                                                                              Intersection
         10000                                                                                                Traffic Volume



         5000




               0
                1: M

                2: M

                3: M
                1: M

                2: M

                3: M

                4: M

                5: M

                6: M

                7: M

                8: M

                9: M
               10 AM

               11 AM

               12 AM




                4: M

                5: M

                6: M

                7: M

                8: M

                9: M
               10 PM

               11 PM
                      PM
                      P
                      A




                      P

                      P
                      A

                      A

                      A

                      A

                      A

                      A

                      A

                      A




                      P

                      P

                      P

                      P

                      P

                      P
                    0
                0




                    0

                    0




                    0

                    0
                  00

                  00

                  00
                  00

                  00

                  00

                  00

                  00

                  00

                  00

                  00

                  00




                  00

                  00

                  00

                  00

                  00

                  00
                 :0

                 :0

                 :0




                 :0

                 :0
             :0
          12




                                                       Hour Beginning

              NOTE: VOLUME REPRESENT SUM OF TOTAL
                  INTERSECTION TRAFFIC FOR ALL
                  INTERSECTIONS BETWEEN LOMBARD
                  STREET AND MORRIS STREET
        Review of available demographic data and consideration of the configuration of the
regional highway network and varying traffic conditions along the Columbus Boulevard
'corridor' on different days of the week and at different times of the day suggest the follow-
ing distribution of development generated traffic as summarized in Table IV, which is also
shown in Figure 6.



                                      Table IV
             Projected Direction of Approach/Departure of Casino Traffic

                                  Direction                         Arrive From     Depart To

North on Columbus Boulevard (i.e., north of Lombard Circle)              15%           15%

North on I-95 and/or via I-676                                           40%           30%

South on I-95                                                            20%           20%
South on Columbus Boulevard (including some traffic to/from the          15%           25%
south on I-95 or via the Walt Whitman Bridge
West on Washington Avenue                                                6%             6%

West on Reed Street, Tasker Street, and other local streets              4%             4%




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                         Page 11
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                      May 15, 2006
Orth - Rodgers   Associates, Inc.                                                                                                              FIGURE 6

Estimated Trip Distribution
Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia
PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA
                                                                                                                                    15%




                                                                                          I-95
                                                                                            ON
                                                                                               NB
                                                                                                RAM
                                                            30%                                                       20%
                                                                          20%




                                                                                                    P
                                                                     I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                       I-676

                                                                           ON
                                                                             /I
                                                                                                                                   LOM
                                                                                                                                       BAR
                                                                                                                                    CIR    D
                                                                                                                                       CLE




                                                                                    FF
                                                          CHR
                                                             IS
                                                         STR TIAN
                                                            EET




                                                                            45%                                         PIE
                                                                                                                           R 40
                                                                                                                               S


                                                                                           55%

                                      WASHINGTON                                                                              US COAST
                      6%              AVENUE                                                                                    GUARD

                                                                    51%
                                                                                                        BOULEVARD




                                                                                         61%


                                               NB
                                          I-95
                                                   AMP
                                              FF R
                                                                                                        COLUMBUS




                                            O
                              20%                                   71%                                                     COMCAST

                                                                                         61%
                                          REED
                           2%             STREET
                                                                                                        CHRISTOPHER




                                          DICKINSON
                                          STREET                                                                            SITE


                                          TASKER
                               2%         STREET
                                                                    35%
                                              STREET
                                              WATER




                                                                                         25%

                                     MORRIS
                               20%   STREET
                                                                                 SWANSON




                                                                                               15%
                                                                                 STREET
                             EXISTING CONDITIONS


        Formerly known as Delaware Avenue, the Columbus Boulevard study 'corridor' was
historically an industrial highway, serving the waterfront and its numerous piers. In re-
cent years, as the shipping uses have declined, the land and some piers have been redevel-
oped into retail, restaurant, and residential land uses. There are three through travel lanes
and a bike lane in both directions, with left turn lanes at the most of the signalized inter-
sections. There is a rail line in the median south of the Benjamin Franklin Bridge. Be-
tween Washington Avenue and Swanson Street there is a second track which is used as a
siding when needed.

        In the mid-1990's, the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation completed an
upgrade to the roadway north of Reed Street, with a reconstructed cartway, sidewalks, and
curbs, and new traffic signal equipment. The signals were interconnected to provide a co-
ordinated signal system although the coordination was not functioning during the data col-
lection portion of the current study.

        There are sidewalks along both sides of Columbus Boulevard in the vicinity of the
site. The posted speed limit is 30 mph.

        Key intersections along the Columbus Boulevard 'corridor' include:

                Morris Street and Water Street: This intersection is unsignalized. Morris
                Street is one-way westbound and leads directly to an access ramp to I-95
                southbound. Water Street is one-way westbound which leads to parking be-
                hind the movie theater and other retail uses along Columbus Boulevard.

                Columbus Boulevard (southbound) and Morris Street/Swanson Street:
                This intersection is unsignalized and is accessed only from the southbound
                direction. Morris Street is one-way westbound and leads directly to the I-95
                southbound on-ramp. Swanson Street is one-way northeast bound and only a
                right turn on Columbus Boulevard is permitted.

                Columbus Boulevard and Tasker Street: Tasker Street provides one lane
                in each direction, with no turn lanes. No left turns are permitted from Co-
                lumbus Boulevard. The Wal-Mart and Home Depot in the Pier 70 complex
                back up against Tasker Street and there is an access road from Pier 70 park-



Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                         Page 13
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                      May 15, 2006
                ing lot to Tasker Street. Four SEPTA bus routes use this access road and
                Tasker Street to access Columbus Boulevard.

                Columbus Boulevard and Dickinson Street: Dickinson Street is one-way
                westbound, away from Columbus Boulevard to Water Street. Dickinson
                Street is two-way between Water and Front Streets and one-way eastbound
                west of Front Street. There is a southbound left turn lane on Columbus
                Boulevard, which is used for U-turns, as there is currently no roadway or
                driveway across from this turn lane. Northbound traffic also makes U-turns
                in the median break. This intersection is unsignalized.

                Columbus Boulevard and Reed Street: The east leg of this intersection is
                a private road and provides access to the Comcast maintenance and customer
                service facility on the northeast corner and to the proposed casino property on
                the southeast corner. One lane is provided in each direction. The west leg of
                the intersection is a public road and provides one travel lane in each direc-
                tion, an eastbound left turn lane, and parking on both sides. At the I-95 un-
                derpass, the roadway narrows to one lane in each direction. There are
                northbound and southbound left turn lanes on Columbus Boulevard.

                Columbus Boulevard and I-95 northbound off-ramp: This two-lane
                ramp provides access from northbound I-95 to Columbus Boulevard. The
                right turn from the ramp operates under yield control. There is a driveway
                on the east side of Columbus Boulevard, with all movements permitted to en-
                ter the driveway, but only right turns out under yield conditions are permit-
                ted from the driveway.

                Columbus Boulevard and Washington Avenue: Washington Avenue is a
                major east-west arterial in south Philadelphia and is the west leg of the in-
                tersection. There is a large island separating the eastbound right turn lane
                from the eastbound through lane; this right turn movement operates under
                yield control. There is also a separate eastbound left turn lane. While only
                the left lane is marked for left turns, motorists use the through lane as a
                through-left turn lane. The east leg of the intersection is the access to the
                Coast Guard and provides a single westbound lane for all movements. There
                are northbound and southbound left turn lanes with protected left-turn sig-
                nal arrows.

                Columbus Boulevard and Christian Street: The west leg of this intersec-
                tion (i.e., Christian Street) provides two traffic lanes -- one approach lane and
                one departure lane -- and parking is permitted on the south side. The inter-
                section is signalized with separate left-turn lanes and protected left-turn
                phases provided for both the northbound and southbound movements on Co-
                lumbus Boulevard. The east leg of this intersection is Pier 40.

                Columbus Boulevard and southbound I-95/I-676 on-ramp: This ramp
                provides access from southbound I-95. The on ramp is signed for access to I-
                676 and I-76 and can be used to access northbound I-95. (There is a second
                ramp approximately 1,000 feet to the north, which is signed for I-95



Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                          Page 14
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                       May 15, 2006
                 northbound.) Two left-turn lanes and two right-turn lanes are provided on
                 the ramp. Northbound and southbound left turn lanes are provided on Co-
                 lumbus Boulevard.

                 Columbus Boulevard and I-95 northbound on-ramp/Lombard Circle.
                 This two-lane ramp provides access from Columbus Boulevard to northbound
                 I-95. The east leg of this intersection is Lombard Circle, which houses res-
                 taurants and retail buildings with one eastbound lane and two westbound or
                 approach lanes.     Separate left-turn lanes are provided for both the
                 northbound and southbound movements on Columbus Boulevard.




Railroad


        There is a rail line in the Columbus Boulevard median south of the Benjamin Frank-
lin Bridge. Between Washington Avenue and Swanson Street there is a second track,
which is used as a siding when needed. These tracks are located where a turn lane would
be desirable for left turns into the casino site at Tasker Street. There is a narrow
southbound left turn / u-turn lane at Dickinson Street; widening and lengthening this lane
would require track work.

        The ownership and operation of these tracks is a complex issue that relates back to
the Pennsylvania and Reading Railroads (which became part of Conrail in 1976), the B&O
Railroad (which became CSX), and the dissolution of Conrail by CSX and Norfolk Southern
in the 1990's.

        Currently, PennDOT owns the right of way on which the tracks are laid. Conrail,
Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of CSX and Norfolk Southern, has the rights to operate on
the tracks, but has never taken ownership.

        There are locations along Columbus Boulevard where hard rubberized railroad
grade crossing material has been placed longitudinally along the roadway, including adja-
cent to left turn lanes, to allow crossing by vehicular traffic. Any request to provide addi-
tional accommodation for vehicles would need to be reviewed by Conrail, Inc., out of their
Mt. Laurel, NJ office. It is likely that a Public Utility Commission order would also be re-
quired.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                         Page 15
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                      May 15, 2006
        There are currently trains operating on these tracks as far north as Pier 38. They
are required to use flaggers when the train crosses or travels along the road. Train speed is
10 mph.



Public Transit Service


        There are currently four SEPTA bus routes in the immediate vicinity of the site.
These buses enter via Pier 70 Boulevard and exit onto Tasker Street. There is a bus stop
with a shelter for all four routes on the auxiliary access road, as well as a bus stop on
Tasker Street at Columbus Boulevard. Three of the routes (7, 25 and 64) travel in front of
the site, while the remaining route (29) uses Tasker Street west of Columbus Boulevard.
The routes and approximate headways are shown in Table V.



                                         Table V
                          Bus Routes Convenient to the Casino Site

      Rout                        Direction                         Approx. Headway
       e                                                                  (min.)
                                                                   Weekday    Weekends
               Strawberry Mansion to Pier 70, Via 29th, 22nd and    12-20        30
        7      23rd Streets

               Columbus Crossing to Frankford Transportation         30            30
               Center, via Port Richmond, Northern Liberties and
        25
               Bridesburg

               South Philadelphia Cross-town, via Tasker-Morris      25            30
        29
        64     Parkside to Pier 70, via Washington Avenue            20            30




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                         Page 16
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                      May 15, 2006
      EXISTING TRAFFIC VOLUMES AND PATTERNS


                Automatic traffic recorder (ATR) counts were conducted in late January and
early February 2006 on Columbus Boulevard. Significant information from these hourly
counts includes:

                Afternoon traffic volumes are fairly steady throughout the week, including
                Saturday and Sunday, and do not show a significantly higher volume during
                the standard weekday commuting peak periods – i.e. 7:00 A.M. to 9:00 A.M.
                and 4:00 P.M. to 6:00 P.M.

                Daily volumes ranged from 37,000 vehicles on Sunday to 47,000 vehicles on
                Saturday, with the weekday volumes around 35,000 and Friday volumes as
                high as 42,000 vehicles.


        Manual turning movement counts were conducted on Friday, from 3:00 P.M. to 6:00
P.M. and 7:00 P.M. to 10:00 P.M., and on Saturday, from 11:00 A.M. to 3:00 P.M. and 7:00
P.M. to 10:00 P.M. at eight key intersections along the 'corridor' in late January and early
February, 2006. Previous counts conducted in November 2005 were also utilized.

        Peak hourly volumes during the Friday count periods typically occurred between
3:30 P.M. and 4:30 P.M. and these volumes are summarized and illustrated in Figure 7.
Saturday peak hour volumes typically were noted earlier in the afternoon (i.e., 1:00 P.M.)
and can be seen in Figure 8. In general, Friday late afternoon peak hour volumes along Co-
lumbus Boulevard are at least 10% greater than the early Saturday afternoon peak vol-
umes.

        Intersection volumes along the corridor on Friday and Saturday average 3,495 vehi-
cles and 3,336 vehicles, respectively, as shown in Table VI. The two intersections with the
highest volumes are Washington Street and Christian Street on both Friday and Saturday.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                        Page 17
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
    Orth - Rodgers     Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                           FIGURE 7

    Existing Late Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                        I-95
                                                                                                          ON
                                                                                                             NB




                                                                                                                                     16(5 8
                                                                                                              RAM




                                                                                                                                       127

                                                                                                                                         )
        January / February 2006




                                                                                                                                      122
                                                                                                                  P
        Late Afternoon (3:15 - 4:15)                                                                                                                 7




                                                                            I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                    5




                                                                              I-676
                                                                                                                                                   8(1




                                                                                  ON
                                                                                                                                                       )




                                                                                    /I
                                                                                                                                                      LOM
                                                                                                                                                          BAR




                                                                                                                 (10) 5
                                                                                                                                                              D




                                                                                                                   1 06
                                                                                                                                                       CIR




                                                                                                                  112
                                                                                                                                                          CLE




                                                                                                                                       153 4)
                                                                                           FF




                                                                                                                                            2
                                                                                                                                         22
                                                                                                                                           (
                                                                                                                                       300
                                                                                                         13
                                                                                                       105 3
                                                                                                          6
                                                               CHR
                                                                  IS




                                                                                                                                    17000
                                                                                                 2 2
                                                              STR TIAN




                                                                                                   244




                                                                                                                                        0
                                                                                                  195



                                                                                                                                      4
                                                                 EET
                                                                                                                                  0
                                                                                                                                 3
                                                                                  240                                           14
                                                                                    0                                                   PIE
                                                                                  89                                                       R 40
                                                                                                                                               S




                                                                                                            18376
                                                                                                                7
                                                                                                             10
                                                                                                              1
                                                                          3 2
                                                                            747
                                                                           13 2


                                                                                                            4
                                                                                                            2
                                           WASHINGTON
                                                                                                            19                                US COAST
                                           AVENUE                                                                                               GUARD
                                                                      575
                                                                        0
                                                                                            267(20)
                                                                                              1442
                                                                                                 4

                                                                                                                      BOULEVARD


                                                                      291
                                                                          1630
                                                                          0(7)




                                                                                                        0


                                                    NB                395
                                               I-95
                                                        AMP             0
                                                   FF R
                                                                                                                      COLUMBUS
                                                                                                1300




                                                 O                    227
                                                                         34(11)




                                                                                                                                            COMCAST
                                                                         1600
                                                                         211




                                                                                                        21
                                                                                                        32
                                               REED
                                                                                                        29
                                               STREET
                                                                      209
                                                                       28
                                                                                            78(18)
                                                                                             1060
                                                                                               17

                                                                                                                      CHRISTOPHER




                                                                      123
                                                                           1745
                                                                           26




                                               DICKINSON
                                               STREET                                                                                       SITE
                                                                                            96(111)
                                                                                              1170
                                                                         1690
                                                                         75




                                                                                                             44
                                                                         0




                                                                                                             74
                                               TASKER
                                                                                                             10
                                               STREET
                                                                       76
                                                                       66
                                                                                                   4
                                                                                                1250
                                                                                                   6




                                                                      105
                                                   STREET
                                                   WATER




                                                                           1398
                                                                             407




                                                                13
                                                                                                         12
                                                                                                            60




                                          MORRIS                394
                                          STREET
LEGEND
                                                          49
                                                         374




                                                                                        SWANSON




          EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                        STREET




 #(#)    MOVEMENT VOLUMES(U-TURNS)
    Orth - Rodgers     Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                            FIGURE 8

    Existing Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                          I-95
                                                                                                            ON
                                                                                                               NB




                                                                                                                                       26 0
                                                                                                                RAM
        January / February 2006




                                                                                                                                        110
                                                                                                                                         76
                                                                                                                    P
        Early Afternoon (1:15 - 2:15)                                                                                                                  8




                                                                               I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                      3




                                                                                 I-676
                                                                                                                                                     7




                                                                                     ON
                                                                                       /I
                                                                                                                                                       LOM
                                                                                                                                                           BAR




                                                                                                                   (0) 5
                                                                                                                                                               D




                                                                                                                     1 00
                                                                                                                                                        CIR




                                                                                                                    101
                                                                                                                                                           CLE




                                                                                                                                          94 0 )
                                                                                                                                             (6
                                                                                              FF




                                                                                                                                           57
                                                                                                                                         400
                                                                                                           129
                                                                                                          965
                                                               CHR
                                                                  IS




                                                                                                                                      12727
                                                                                                    15(5 4
                                                              STR TIAN




                                                                                                      315




                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                        )
                                                                                                     164



                                                                                                                                        5
                                                                 EET
                                                                                                                                    2
                                                                                                                                   2
                                                                                   151                                            12
                                                                                     2                                                    PIE
                                                                                  136                                                        R 40
                                                                                                                                                 S




                                                                                                              16365
                                                                                                                  0
                                                                                                                9
                                                                                                                1
                                                                           0(6 7
                                                                             419
                                                                            13 6
                                                                              )

                                                                                                              5
                                                                                                              4
                                           WASHINGTON
                                                                                                              4                                 US COAST
                                           AVENUE                                                                                                 GUARD
                                                                      495
                                                                        4
                                                                                               313(2)
                                                                                                1300
                                                                                                   3

                                                                                                                        BOULEVARD


                                                                      360
                                                                           0(23)
                                                                           1710




                                                                                                          0


                                                    NB                375
                                               I-95
                                                        AMP             0
                                                   FF R
                                                                                                                        COLUMBUS
                                                                                                   1210




                                                 O                    202
                                                                                                                                              COMCAST
                                                                         20(2)
                                                                         1690
                                                                         217




                                                                                                          13
                                                                                                          16
                                               REED
                                                                                                          14
                                               STREET
                                                                      181
                                                                       20
                                                                                               116(17)
                                                                                                 1014
                                                                                                   19

                                                                                                                        CHRISTOPHER




                                                                      152
                                                                         1872
                                                                         1
                                                                         0




                                               DICKINSON
                                               STREET                                                                                         SITE
                                                                                               105(76)
                                                                                                 1166
                                                                         1870
                                                                         82




                                                                                                               45
                                                                         0




                                                                                                               96
                                               TASKER                                                          17
                                               STREET
                                                                          87
                                                                          90
                                                                                                      6
                                                                                                   1215
                                                                                                      7




                                                                         115
                                                   STREET
                                                   WATER




                                                                           1557
                                                                             445




                                                                                                          12




                                                                14
                                                                                                              28




                                          MORRIS                431
                                          STREET
LEGEND
                                                          71
                                                         652




                                                                                           SWANSON




          EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                           STREET




 #(#)     MOVEMENT VOLUMES(U-TURNS)
                                         Table VI
                            Peak Hour Total Intersection Volume
                                along Columbus Boulevard

                                                               Existing Total
                                                           Intersection Volume
                             Intersection                  Friday       Saturday
                     Lombard Circle/I-95 NB On-Ramp         3,255         2,623
                     I-676 On & I-676/95 SB Off Ramp        4,530         4,006
                     Christian Street                       4,567         4,088
                     Washington Avenue                      4,696         4,282
                     I-95 Off Ramp                          3,559         3,520
                     Reed Street                            3,471         3,491
                     Dickinson Street                       3,148         3,220
                     Tasker Street                          3,400         3,630
                     Morris/Water Streets                    830          1,168

                     Corridor Averages                      3,495          3,336




        Further review of the peak hour counts and available ATR data indicates that traffic
volumes on Columbus Boulevard north of Washington Avenue are substantially higher
than volumes south of that intersection -- i.e., about 4,100 vehicles (total, both directions)
vs. 3,000 to 3,300 vehicles and less. In addition, the count data suggest a significant traffic
movement between the northern part of the 'corridor' and various retail and entertainment
activities to the south including the United Artists Riverview Plaza movie theater complex
at Reed Street, the Wal-Mart/Home Depot shopping center on Pier 70 immediately south of
the proposed site, the new (August, 2004) IKEA store and other retail stores at the Colum-
bus Commons Shopping Center on Columbus Avenue south of Snyder Avenue, and the new
Target store and other retail stores in the Snyder Plaza retail centers west of Columbus
Boulevard on Snyder Avenue.

        Particularly significant movements include:

                the right-turn from the southbound I-95 (and I-676) off-ramp to southbound
                Columbus Boulevard

                the right-turn movement from southbound Columbus Boulevard to west-
                bound Washington Avenue

                turning movements between Christian Street and Columbus Boulevard (both
                northbound and southbound)


Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                          Page 20
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                       May 15, 2006
                the left-turn from northbound Columbus Boulevard to I-676

                the left-turn from northbound Columbus Boulevard to the I-95 northbound
                on-ramp opposite Lombard Circle

                turning movements at the Reed Street intersection with Columbus Avenue




Volume/Capacity Analysis of Existing Conditions


        While traffic volumes provide an important measure of activity on the area street
system, evaluating how well that system accommodates those volumes is also important --
i.e., a comparison of peak traffic volumes with available roadway capacity. By definition,
capacity represents the maximum number of vehicles which can be accommodated, given
the constraints of roadway geometry, environment, traffic characteristics, and controls.

        Intersections generally control capacity in road networks because most conflicts ex-
ist at these points between through, crossing and turning vehicles. Because of these con-
flicts, congestion is most likely to occur at intersections. Therefore, intersections are stud-
ied most often when determining the quality of traffic flow on a street network.

                Factors that affect the various approach capacities at signalized intersections
(Table VII) include width of approach, number of lanes, signal 'green time', turning per-
centages, truck volumes, etc. However, operation at capacity can be less than satisfactory
since substantial delays or reduced operating speeds are likely. Delays cannot be related to
capacity in a simple one-to-one fashion. It is possible to have delays in the Level of Service
"F" range without exceeding capacity if one or more of the following conditions exist:

                long signal cycle lengths,

                a particular traffic movement experiences a long red time, or,

                progressive movement for a particular lane group is poor.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                          Page 21
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                       May 15, 2006
                                      TABLE VII
                                   LEVEL OF SERVICE
                            FOR SIGNALIZED INTERSECTIONS1)


                                                                    AVERAGE
                                                                  CONTROL DELAY
LEVEL OF                                                           PER VEHICLE
SERVICE             EXPECTED TRAFFIC DELAY                      (SECONDS/VEHICLE)

     A              Very low delay, good progression;                 ≤ 10.0
                    most vehicles do not stop at
                    intersection.

     B              Generally good signal progression              10.1 to 20.0
                    and/or short cycle length; more
                    vehicles stop at intersection than
                    level of service A.

     C              Fair progression and/or longer                 20.1 to 35.0
                    cycle length; significant number
                    of vehicles stop at intersection.

     D              Congestion becomes noticeable;                 35.1 to 55.0
                    individual cycle failures; longer
                    delays from unfavorable progression,
                    long cycle length, or high volume/
                    capacity ratios; most vehicles stop
                    at intersection.

     E              Usually considered limit of accept-             55.1 to 80.0
                    able delay indicative of poor pro-
                    gression, long cycle length, or high
                    volume/capacity ratio; frequent
                    individual cycle failures.

     F              Could be considered excessive delay               > 80.0
                    in some areas, frequently an indication
                    of oversaturation (i.e., arrival flow ex-
                    ceeds capacity), or very long cycle
                    lengths with minimal side street green
                    time. Capacity is not necessarily ex-
                    ceeded under this level of service



1)   Highway Capacity Manual, published by the Transportation Research Board,
     Washington, D.C., 2000




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                        Page 22
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
        An unsignalized intersection on a through route is seldom critical from an overall
capacity standpoint. However, it may be of great significance to the capacity of the minor
cross route and it may influence the level of service on both. In analyzing intersections, it is
assumed that the through movement on the major street and the right turns from the ma-
jor street are unimpeded and have the right-of-way over all side street traffic and left turns
from the major street. All other movements through the intersection cross, merge with, or
are affected by other flows. A descriptive mechanism (Level of Service) has been developed
for unsignalized intersections which indicates average delay at the intersection on a scale
from "a", indicating an average delay of less than 10 seconds, to "f", indicating an average
delay greater than 50 seconds (Table VIII).




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                         Page 23
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                      May 15, 2006
                                    TABLE VIII
                       LEVEL OF SERVICE AND EXPECTED DELAY
                         FOR UNSIGNALIZED INTERSECTIONS1)



                                                                   AVERAGE
LEVEL OF                                                        CONTROL DELAY
SERVICE                 EXPECTED TRAFFIC DELAY                (SECONDS/VEHICLE)


     a                  Little or no delay                              < 10.0


     b                  Short traffic delays                          10.1 to 15.0


     c                  Average traffic delays                        15.1 to 25.0


     d                  Long traffic delays                           25.1 to 35.0


     e                  Long traffic delays                           35.1 to 50.0


     f                  Very long traffic delays                        > 50.0




1) Highway Capacity Manual, published by the Transportation Research Board, Washington,

D.C., 2000.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                          Page 24
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                       May 15, 2006
        As illustrated in Figure 9, all but one signalized intersection on Columbus Boulevard
between Lombard Circle to the north and Tasker Street to the south functions at an overall
Level of Service 'C' or better during the Friday late afternoon peak traffic hour. The excep-
tion is the intersection with Washington Avenue which operates at Level of Service 'F'.
There are also a number of individual movements (traffic lanes) which function at Level of
Service 'E' or 'F' during the Friday peak traffic hour including:

                the northbound left-turn from Columbus Boulevard to the I-676 on-ramp

                the northbound left-turn to westbound Christian Street and the southbound
                left-turn into Pier 40

                the southbound approach movement on Columbus Boulevard at Washington
                Avenue -- primarily as a result of the number of motorists who utilize the
                right-lane because they intend to turn right onto Washington Avenue or turn
                right into retail centers and/or the movie theater complex further south leav-
                ing unused capacity in the remaining two southbound through lanes

                the eastbound left-turn from Washington Avenue onto northbound Columbus
                Boulevard and the northbound left-turn from Columbus Boulevard to west-
                bound Washington Avenue

                the northbound left-turn from Columbus Boulevard onto Reed Street and the
                southbound left-turn at this intersection



        As illustrated in Figure 10, all but two signalized intersections on Columbus Boule-
vard between Lombard Circle to the north and Tasker Street to the south function at an
overall Level of Service 'C' or better during the Saturday early afternoon peak traffic hour.
The exceptions are the intersection with Washington Avenue which operates at Level of
Service 'E' and the intersection with Reed Street which operates at Level of Service ‘D’.
There are also a number of individual movements (traffic lanes) which function at Level of
Service 'E' or 'F' during the Saturday peak traffic hour including:

                the northbound left-turn from Columbus Boulevard to the I-676 on-ramp

                the northbound left-turn to westbound Christian Street and the southbound
                left-turn into Pier 40




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                        Page 25
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
     Orth - Rodgers   Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                     FIGURE 9

     Existing Late Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Level of Service
     Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia
     PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                          I-95
                                                                                                            ON




                                                                                                                                         D(4 )
                                                                                                                                              4
                                                                                                                                            3)
                                                                                                               NB




                                                                                                                                          B(1
                                                                                                                RAM
     January / February 2006
                                                                                                                                                          OV




                                                                                                                    P
     Late Afternoon (3:15 - 4:15)                                                                                                                           ER
                                                                                                                                                              ALL




                                                                                  I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                                 : B(




                                                                                    I-676
                                                                                                                                                      D(4            12)
                                                                                                                                                         1)




                                                                                        ON
                                                                                          /I
                                                                                                                                                       LOM




                                                                                                                    B(1 )
                                                                                                                                                           BAR




                                                                                                                         4
                                                                                                                       7)
                                                                                                                                                               D




                                                                                                                     C(2
                                                                                                                                                        CIR
                                                                                                                                                           CLE




                                                                                                                                              8)
                                                                                                 FF




                                                                                                                                              )
                                                                                                                                          C(2
                                                                                                                                          A(6
                                                                                                        C(2
                                                                                                       C(3 7)
                                                                                                          3)                                         OV
                                                                                                                                                       ER
                                                              CHR                                                                                        ALL
                                                                                                                                                            :




                                                                                                                                          2)
                                                                 IS                                                                                                C(2
                                                             STR TIAN




                                                                                                         E(5 )




                                                                                                                                          )
                                                                                                              5
                                                                                                                                                                      2)




                                                                                                                                      E(6
                                                                                                                                      A(5
                                                                                                            9)
                                                                                                          C(3
                                                                EET

                                                                                                                                               OV
                                                                                        D(3                                           C(2        ER
                                                                                           8)                                            2)        ALL
                                                                                                                                                      :   C(3
                                                                                                                                          PIE                0)
                                                                                                                                             R 40
                                                                                                                                                 S




                                                                                                              B(1 )
                                                                                                                  57
                                                                                  D(4 4)




                                                                                                                 0)
                                             OVERALL: F(105)
                                                                                       0
                                                                                     4)


                                                                                                              F(1
                                                                                   F(1




                                                                                                              B(19)
                                          WASHINGTON                                                                                              US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                                    GUARD
                                                                     F(262)
                                                                      b(13)
                                                                                                       B(16)
                                                                                                      F(210)



                                                                                                                        BOULEVARD
                                                                             C(31)
                                                                             B(17)




                                              OVERALL: B(14)




                                                   NB                    B(20)
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP
                                                  FF R                    A(0)
                                                                                                                        COLUMBUS




                                                O
                                                                                                       A(9)




                                                                                                                                               COMCAST
                                                                             C(32)
                                                                             E(67)




                                              OVERALL: C(27)
                                                                                                          B(19)
                                              REED
                                              STREET
                                                                         C(21)
                                                                         B(18)
                                                                                                      F(85)
                                                                                                      B(17)


                                                                                                                        CHRISTOPHER




                                              DICKINSON
                                              STREET                                                                                           SITE
                                                                                                 c(24)
                                                                                 A(4)




                                                  OVERALL: A(9)
                                                                                                          C(28)
                                              TASKER
                                              STREET
                                                                         D(37)
                                                                                                       A(8)
                                                   STREET
                                                   WATER




                                                                 c(17)
                                         MORRIS
                                         STREET
LEGEND
                                                         c(18)




                                                                                              SWANSON




    - EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                              STREET




A(#) - SIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
a(#) - UNSIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
     Orth - Rodgers   Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                       FIGURE 10

     Existing Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Level of Service
     Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia
     PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                            I-95
                                                                                                              ON




                                                                                                                                           D(4 )
                                                                                                                                                8
                                                                                                                                              1)
                                                                                                                 NB




                                                                                                                                            B(1
                                                                                                                  RAM
     January / February 2006
                                                                                                                                                            OV




                                                                                                                      P
     Early Afternoon (1:15 - 2:15)                                                                                                                            ER
                                                                                                                                                                ALL




                                                                                   I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                                   : B(




                                                                                     I-676
                                                                                                                                                        D(4            16)
                                                                                                                                                           1)




                                                                                         ON
                                                                                           /I
                                                                                                                                                         LOM




                                                                                                                          2)
                                                                                                                                                             BAR




                                                                                                                          )
                                                                                                                                                                 D




                                                                                                                      C(2
                                                                                                                      A(0
                                                                                                                                                          CIR
                                                                                                                                                             CLE




                                                                                                                                                4)
                                                                                                  FF




                                                                                                                                                )
                                                                                                                                            C(2
                                                                                                                                            A(9
                                                                                                         C(2
                                                                                                        C(3 7)
                                                                                                           0)                                          OV
                                                                                                                                                         ER
                                                              CHR                                                                                          ALL
                                                                                                                                                              :




                                                                                                                                            6)
                                                                 IS                                                                                                  C(2
                                                             STR TIAN




                                                                                                          E(5 )




                                                                                                                                            )
                                                                                                               1
                                                                                                                                                                        6)




                                                                                                                                        F(8
                                                                                                                                        A(2
                                                                                                             8)
                                                                                                           C(2
                                                                EET

                                                                                                                                                 OV
                                                                                          C(3                                           C(2        ER
                                                                                             2)                                            2)        ALL
                                                                                                                                                        :   C(2
                                                                                                                                            PIE                4)
                                                                                                                                               R 40
                                                                                                                                                   S




                                                                                                                B(1 )
                                                                                                                    60
                                                                                                                   1)
                                                                                   D(4 )
                                                                                        5

                                              OVERALL: E(61)
                                                                                      3)


                                                                                                                F(1
                                                                                    C(3




                                                                                                                B(18)
                                          WASHINGTON                                                                                                US COAST
                                          AVENUE                      E(69)                                                                           GUARD
                                                                      B(18)
                                                                                                        B(19)
                                                                                                       F(394)



                                                                                                                          BOULEVARD


                                                                      c(16)
                                                                              D(37)
                                                                              B(17)




                                              OVERALL: B(14)




                                                   NB                     C(21)
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP
                                                  FF R                     A(0)
                                                                                                                          COLUMBUS




                                                O
                                                                                                        B(10)




                                                                                                                                                 COMCAST
                                                                              E(61)
                                                                              E(62)




                                              OVERALL: D(44)
                                                                                                            B(18)
                                              REED
                                              STREET
                                                                          C(21)
                                                                          B(19)
                                                                                                       F(126)
                                                                                                        B(16)


                                                                                                                          CHRISTOPHER




                                              DICKINSON
                                              STREET                                                                                             SITE
                                                                                                  c(17)
                                                                                  B(15)




                                              OVERALL: B(20)
                                                                                                            C(30)
                                              TASKER
                                              STREET
                                                                          F(91)
                                                                                                        A(8)
                                                  STREET
                                                  WATER




                                                                  d(26)
                                         MORRIS
                                         STREET
LEGEND
                                                         f(122)




                                                                                               SWANSON




    - EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                               STREET




A(#) - SIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
a(#) - UNSIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
                the eastbound left-turn from Washington Avenue onto Columbus Boulevard
                and the northbound left-turn from Columbus Boulevard to westbound Wash-
                ington Avenue

                the southbound approach movement on Columbus Boulevard at Reed Street –
                primarily as a result of motorists who are making the right turn onto west-
                bound Reed Street

                the northbound left-turn from Columbus Boulevard onto Reed Street and the
                southbound left-turn at this intersection

                the eastbound approach movement on Tasker Street at Columbus Boulevard


        It should also be noted that some significant delay and congestion is experienced at
other intersections during other times of the day/evening -- e.g., the exit movements from
the southbound I-95/I-676 off-ramp.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                       Page 28
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                    May 15, 2006
                 RECOMMENDED TRANSPORTATION
                    IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM


        By any measure, the proposed casino is a major traffic generator. It is also clear
that Columbus Boulevard has existing traffic deficiencies. This chapter will outline an im-
provement program that is designed to not only to offset the traffic generated by the pro-
posed casino but also to address the existing deficiencies and the deficiencies caused by the
development projects that are ongoing elsewhere along the corridor.

        The Traffic Improvement Program is divided into two phases with each phase as-
sumed to be implemented in advance of the opening of the appropriate development phase –
i.e., Phase 1 with 3,000 slot machines and Phase 2 with an additional 2,000 slot machines
for a total of 5,000 slot machines.

        Before describing the program of improvements for each phase, the basis of the im-
provements is established so that the level of mitigation may be quantified.




Year 2008 Analysis


        The Year 2008 Analysis coincides with the opening of Phase I of the proposed casino
project. As previously noted, this phase is planned to consist of 3,000 slots as well as asso-
ciated restaurants and entertainment venues.




Projected 2008 Traffic Volumes and Levels of Service without the Proposed De-
velopment


        Figures 11 and 12 illustrate the Friday and Saturday peak hour traffic volumes for
the ‘No-Build’ Condition. The ‘no-build’ condition assumes some traffic growth between the
present    and    2008    as      a   result   of   “other”   development   but   not   the     proposed




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                                   Page 29
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                                May 15, 2006
    Orth - Rodgers     Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                           FIGURE 11

    2008 No Build Late Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                        I-95
                                                                                                          ON
                                                                                                             NB




                                                                                                                                     17(5 0
                                                                                                              RAM




                                                                                                                                       132

                                                                                                                                         )
        Early Afternoon (3:15 - 4:15)




                                                                                                                                      128
                                                                                                                  P
                                                                                                                                                     7




                                                                            I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                    5




                                                                              I-676
                                                                                                                                                   8(1




                                                                                  ON
                                                                                                                                                       )




                                                                                    /I
    NOTE                                                                                                                                              LOM
                                                                                                                                                          BAR




                                                                                                                 (10) 3
                                                                                                                                                              D




                                                                                                                   110
    INCLUDES 4.2% BACKGROUND                                                                                                                           CIR




                                                                                                                  117
                                                                                                                                                          CLE




                                                                                                                                       159 4)
                                                                                           FF




                                                                                                                                            7
                                                                                                                                         23
                                                                                                                                           (
    GROWTH




                                                                                                                                       313
                                                                                                         13
                                                                                                       110 9
                                                                                                          1
                                                               CHR
                                                                  IS




                                                                                                                                    17717
                                                                                                 2 5
                                                              STR TIAN




                                                                                                   254




                                                                                                                                        2
                                                                                                  203



                                                                                                                                      4
                                                                 EET
                                                                                                                                  0
                                                                                                                                 3
                                                                                  250                                           15
                                                                                    0                                                   PIE
                                                                                  93                                                       R 40
                                                                                                                                               S




                                                                                                          19183
                                                                                                              5
                                                                                                           10
                                                                                                            1
                                                                          3 8
                                                                            779
                                                                           13 7


                                                                                                           4
                                                                                                           2
                                           WASHINGTON
                                                                                                           20                                 US COAST
                                           AVENUE                                                                                               GUARD
                                                                      599
                                                                        0
                                                                                            278(21)
                                                                                              1503
                                                                                                 4

                                                                                                                      BOULEVARD


                                                                      303
                                                                          1699
                                                                          0(7)




                                                    NB                412
                                               I-95
                                                        AMP             0
                                                   FF R
                                                                                                                      COLUMBUS
                                                                                                1355




                                                 O                    237
                                                                         35(11)




                                                                                                                                            COMCAST
                                                                         1668
                                                                         220




                                                                                                        22
                                                                                                        33
                                               REED
                                                                                                        30
                                               STREET
                                                                         218
                                                                          29
                                                                                                81(19
                                                                                                 1105
                                                                                                   18

                                                                                                                      CHRISTOPHER




                                                                         128
                                                                           1819
                                                                           27




                                               DICKINSON
                                               STREET                                                                                       SITE
                                                                                            100(116)
                                                                                               1220
                                                                         1762
                                                                         78




                                                                                                             46
                                                                         0




                                                                                                             77
                                               TASKER
                                                                                                             10
                                               STREET
                                                                       79
                                                                       69
                                                                                                   4
                                                                                                1303
                                                                                                   6




                                                                      109
                                                   STREET
                                                   WATER




                                                                           1456
                                                                             425




                                                                14
                                                                                                         13
                                                                                                            13




                                          MORRIS                411
                                          STREET
LEGEND
                                                          51
                                                         390




                                                                                        SWANSON




          EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                        STREET




 #(#)     MOVEMENT VOLUMES(U-TURNS)
    Orth - Rodgers     Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                              FIGURE 12

    2008 No Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                        I-95
                                                                                                          ON
                                                                                                             NB




                                                                                                                                     27 7
                                                                                                              RAM
        Early Afternoon (1:15 - 2:15)




                                                                                                                                      114
                                                                                                                                       79
                                                                                                                  P
                                                                                                                                                     8




                                                                            I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                    3




                                                                              I-676
                                                                                                                                                   7




                                                                                  ON
                                                                                    /I
    NOTE                                                                                                                                                 LOM
                                                                                                                                                             BAR




                                                                                                                0 8
                                                                                                                                                                 D




                                                                                                                  1 04
    INCLUDES 4.2% BACKGROUND                                                                                                                              CIR




                                                                                                                 105
                                                                                                                                                             CLE




                                                                                                                                        98 0 )
                                                                                                                                           (6
                                                                                           FF




                                                                                                                                         59
    GROWTH




                                                                                                                                       417
                                                                                                         13
                                                                                                       100 4
                                                                                                          6
                                                               CHR
                                                                  IS




                                                                                                                                    13249
                                                                                                 16(5 4
                                                              STR TIAN




                                                                                                   328




                                                                                                                                        4
                                                                                                     )
                                                                                                  171



                                                                                                                                      5
                                                                 EET
                                                                                                                                  2
                                                                                                                                 2
                                                                                157                                             13
                                                                                  2                                                     PIE
                                                                               142                                                         R 40
                                                                                                                                               S




                                                                                                          16972
                                                                                                              9
                                                                                                            9
                                                                                                            1
                                                                          0(6 5
                                                                            437
                                                                           14 2
                                                                             )

                                                                                                           5
                                                                                                           4
                                           WASHINGTON
                                                                                                           4                                  US COAST
                                           AVENUE                                                                                               GUARD
                                                                      516
                                                                        4
                                                                                            326(2)
                                                                                             1355
                                                                                                3

                                                                                                                      BOULEVARD


                                                                      375
                                                                          0(24)
                                                                          1783




                                                    NB                391
                                               I-95
                                                        AMP             0
                                                   FF R
                                                                                                                      COLUMBUS
                                                                                                1261




                                                 O                    211
                                                                                                                                            COMCAST
                                                                         21(2)
                                                                         1762
                                                                         226




                                                                                                        14
                                                                                                        17
                                               REED
                                                                                                        15
                                               STREET
                                                                         189
                                                                          21
                                                                                            121(18)
                                                                                              1057
                                                                                                20

                                                                                                                      CHRISTOPHER




                                                                         158
                                                                           1951
                                                                           0




                                               DICKINSON
                                               STREET                                                                                       SITE
                                                                                            101(78)
                                                                                              1215
                                                                         1949
                                                                         85




                                                                                                             47
                                                                         0




                                                                                                             100
                                               TASKER
                                                                                                             18
                                               STREET
                                                                       91
                                                                       94
                                                                                                   6
                                                                                                1267
                                                                                                   7




                                                                      120
                                                   STREET
                                                   WATER




                                                                           1623
                                                                             464




                                                                                                        12




                                                                15
                                                                                                           80




                                          MORRIS                449
                                          STREET
LEGEND
                                                          74
                                                         680




                                                                                        SWANSON




          EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                        STREET




 #(#)     MOVEMENT VOLUMES(U-TURNS)
casino. The projected year 2008 ‘no-build’ peak hour traffic volumes were established by
increasing the existing traffic volumes by an assumed two-year background growth of 4.2%.
Table IX illustrates the projected increase in total intersection traffic volume for each peak
hour.


                                     Table IX
         Comparison of Existing and No-Build Peak Hour Total Intersection
             Peak Hour Traffic Volumes along Columbus Boulevard

                                                    Existing Total     2008 No-Build Total
                                                Intersection Volume    Intersection Volume
                 Intersection                    Friday     Saturday    Friday    Saturday
Lombard Circle/I-95 NB On-Ramp                    3,255       2,623      3,393       2,734
I-676 On and I-676/95 SB Off-Ramps                4,530       4,006      4,722       4,176
Christian Street                                  4,567       4,088      4,671       4,261
Washington Avenue                                 4,696       4,282      4,895       4,464
I-95 Off Ramp                                     3,559       3,520      3,710       3,669
Reed Street                                       3,471       3,491      3,618       3,639
Dickinson Street                                  3,148       3,220      3,281       3,357
Tasker Street                                     3,400       3,630      3,544       3,784
Morris/Water Street                                830        1,168       865        1,218

Corridor Averages                                3,495      3,336        3,643       3,478




Peak Hour Levels of Service – No-Build Condition


        Figures 13 and 14 illustrate the 2008 ‘No-Build’ levels of service for the Friday and
Saturday peak hours, respectively. Table X summarizes the level of service comparisons
between the existing and no-build conditions.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                       Page 32
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                    May 15, 2006
     Orth - Rodgers   Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                          FIGURE 13

     2008 No Build Late Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service
     Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia
     PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                               I-95
                                                                                                                 ON




                                                                                                                                              D(4 )
                                                                                                                                                   5
                                                                                                                                                 3)
                                                                                                                    NB




                                                                                                                                               B(1
                                                                                                                     RAM
     Early Afternoon (3:15 - 4:15)
                                                                                                                                                               OV




                                                                                                                         P
                                                                                                                                                                 ER
                                                                                                                                                                   ALL




                                                                                  I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                                      : B(




                                                                                    I-676
                                                                                                                                                           D(4            12)
                                                                                                                                                              1)




                                                                                        ON
                                                                                          /I
                                                                                                                                                            LOM




                                                                                                                             B(1 )
                                                                                                                                                                BAR




                                                                                                                                  6
                                                                                                                                8)
                                                                                                                              C(2
                                                                                                                                                             CIR    D
                                                                                                                                                                CLE




                                                                                                                                                   7)
                                                                                                 FF




                                                                                                                                                   )
                                                                                                                                               C(2
                                                                                                                                               A(6
                                                                                                        C(2
                                                                                                       D(3 7)                                             OV
                                                                                                          5)                                                ER
                                                              CHR                                                                                             ALL
                                                                                                                                                                 :




                                                                                                                                               2)
                                                                 IS                                                                                                     C(2
                                                             STR TIAN




                                                                                                         E(5 )




                                                                                                                                               )
                                                                                                              9
                                                                                                                                                                           4)




                                                                                                                                           E(7
                                                                                                                                           A(5
                                                                                                            7)
                                                                                                          D(4
                                                                EET

                                                                                                                                                    OV
                                                                                        D(4                                                C(2        ER
                                                                                           1)                                                 2)        ALL
                                                                                                                                                           :   D(3
                                                                                                                                               PIE                8)
                                                                                                                                                  R 40
                                                                                                                                                      S




                                                                                                               B(1 )
                                                                                                                   74
                                                                                  D(4 7)




                                                                                                                  1)
                                             OVERALL: F(122)
                                                                                       2
                                                                                     4)


                                                                                                               F(1
                                                                                   F(1




                                                                                                                 B(19)
                                          WASHINGTON                                                                                                   US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                                         GUARD
                                                                     F(291)
                                                                      b(15)
                                                                                                                B(17)
                                                                                                      F(233)



                                                                                                                             BOULEVARD
                                                                             C(31)
                                                                             B(18)




                                              OVERALL: B(14)




                                                   NB                    C(20)
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP
                                                  FF R                    A(0)
                                                                                                                             COLUMBUS




                                                O
                                                                                                       A(10)




                                                                                                                                                    COMCAST
                                                                             D(47)
                                                                             E(66)




                                              OVERALL: C(35)
                                                                                                               B(18)
                                              REED
                                              STREET
                                                                         C(22)
                                                                         B(19)
                                                                                                      F(93)
                                                                                                      B(18)


                                                                                                                             CHRISTOPHER




                                              DICKINSON
                                              STREET                                                                                                SITE
                                                                                                 d(35)
                                                                                 A(5)




                                                  OVERALL: A(9)
                                                                                                               C(28)
                                              TASKER
                                              STREET
                                                                         D(41)
                                                                                                       A(8)
                                                   STREET
                                                   WATER




                                                                 c(19)
                                         MORRIS
                                         STREET
LEGEND
                                                         c(20)




                                                                                              SWANSON




    - EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                              STREET




A(#) - SIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
a(#) - UNSIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
     Orth - Rodgers   Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                          FIGURE 14

     2008 No Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service
     Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia
     PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                               I-95
                                                                                                                 ON




                                                                                                                                              D(4 )
                                                                                                                                                   9
                                                                                                                                                 2)
                                                                                                                    NB




                                                                                                                                               B(1
                                                                                                                     RAM
     Early Afternoon (1:15 - 2:15)
                                                                                                                                                               OV




                                                                                                                         P
                                                                                                                                                                 ER
                                                                                                                                                                   ALL




                                                                                  I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                                      : B(




                                                                                    I-676
                                                                                                                                                           D(4            16)
                                                                                                                                                              1)




                                                                                        ON
                                                                                          /I
                                                                                                                                                            LOM




                                                                                                                                   3)
                                                                                                                                                                BAR




                                                                                                                             C(2
                                                                                                                                                             CIR    D
                                                                                                                                                                CLE




                                                                                                                                                   3)
                                                                                                 FF




                                                                                                                                                   )
                                                                                                                                               C(2
                                                                                                                                               A(9
                                                                                                        C(2
                                                                                                       C(3 7)                                             OV
                                                                                                          2)                                                ER
                                                               CHR                                                                                            ALL
                                                                                                                                                                 :




                                                                                                                                               00)
                                                                  IS                                                                                                    C(2
                                                              STR TIAN




                                                                                                         E(5 )




                                                                                                                                                )
                                                                                                              4
                                                                                                                                                                           8)




                                                                                                                                            A(2
                                                                                                            9)
                                                                                                          C(2
                                                                 EET




                                                                                                                                           F(1
                                                                                                                                                     OV
                                                                                     C(3                                                   C(2         ER
                                                                                        3)                                                    2)         ALL
                                                                                                                                                            :   C(2
                                                                                                                                               PIE                 7)
                                                                                                                                                  R 40
                                                                                                                                                      S




                                                                                                               B(1 )
                                                                                                                   77
                                                                                                                  3)
                                                                                  D(4 )
                                                                                       6

                                              OVERALL: E(70)
                                                                                     3)


                                                                                                               F(1
                                                                                   D(4




                                                                                                                 B(18)
                                          WASHINGTON                                                                                                   US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                                         GUARD
                                                                         F(81)
                                                                         B(18)
                                                                                                                B(20)
                                                                                                      F(425)




                                                                         c(17)
                                                                                                                             BOULEVARD
                                                                             D(38)
                                                                             B(18)




                                              OVERALL: B(15)




                                                   NB                    C(21)
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP
                                                  FF R                    A(0)
                                                                                                                             COLUMBUS




                                                O
                                                                                                       B(11)




                                                                                                                                                     COMCAST
                                                                             E(61)
                                                                             F(80)




                                              OVERALL: D(55)
                                                                                                               B(18)
                                              REED
                                              STREET
                                                                         C(21)
                                                                         B(19)
                                                                                                      F(141)
                                                                                                       B(16)


                                                                                                                             CHRISTOPHER




                                              DICKINSON
                                              STREET                                                                                                 SITE
                                                                                                 c(23)
                                                                                 B(16)




                                              OVERALL: C(22)
                                                                                                               C(31)
                                              TASKER
                                              STREET
                                                                         F(116)
                                                                                                       A(8)
                                                  STREET
                                                  WATER




                                                                 d(29)
                                         MORRIS
                                         STREET
LEGEND
                                                             f(148)




                                                                                              SWANSON




    - EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                              STREET




A(#) - SIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
a(#) - UNSIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
                                            Table X
                    Comparison of Existing and No-Build Intersection
                      Levels of Service along Columbus Boulevard

                                              Existing Total              2008 No-Build
              Intersection                 Friday      Saturday        Friday     Saturday
Lombard Circle/I-95 NB On-Ramp             B (12)         B (16)        B (12)        B (16)
I-676 On and I-676/95 SB Off-Ramps         C (22)         C (26)        C (24)        C (28)
Christian Street                           C (30)         C (24)        D (38)        C (27)
Washington Avenue                          F (105)        E (61)        F (122)       E (70)
I-95 Ramp NB Off Ramp                      B (14)         B (14)        B (14)        B (14)
Reed Street                                C (27)         D (44)        C (35)        D (55)
Dickinson Street                            N/A            N/A           A (3)        A (3)
Tasker Street                               A (9)         B (20)         A (9)        C (22)
Morris Street                               N/A            N/A           A (3)        A (3)

Sum Total Intersection Delay                219            205           257            235




        As seen in Table X, of the nine Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor’ intersections, delay is
expected to increase at five of them in the Friday peak, and Christian Street degrades from
Level of Service ‘C’ to Level of Service ‘D’. It should be noted that delays increase by 17 sec-
onds per vehicle at Washington Avenue during the Friday peak over the two-year period of
this study. In all, on Friday, delays will increase from 219 seconds per vehicle to 257 sec-
onds per vehicle, an increase of 17%

        The Saturday comparison shows that none of the intersections degrade a full level of
service grade but delays are calculated to increase up to 10 seconds per vehicle at Reed
Street. Considering the corridor as a whole, on Saturday, delays per vehicle will increase
from 205 seconds per vehicle to 235 seconds per vehicle, a 15% increase.




Projected 2008 Traffic Volumes with the Proposed Development


        Figures 15 and 16 illustrate the Year 2008 Peak Hour Traffic Volumes for the ‘Build’
Condition. These volumes were established by surcharging the Year 2008 ‘No-Build’ peak
hour traffic volumes with the site generated traffic volumes described earlier. Table XI
summarizes the peak hour traffic volume increases as compared to today’s traffic volumes.



Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                         Page 35
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                      May 15, 2006
    Orth - Rodgers    Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                           FIGURE 15

    2008 Build Late Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
    w/ Improvements
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia




                                                                                                       I-95
                                                                                                         ON
                                                                                                            NB




                                                                                                                                    17(5 6
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                             RAM




                                                                                                                                      132

                                                                                                                                        )
                                                                                                                                     134
                                                                                                                 P
                                                                                                                                                    7




                                                                           I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                   5




                                                                             I-676
                                                                                                                                                  8(1




                                                                                 ON
    Early Afternoon (3:15 - 4:15)                                                                                                                     )




                                                                                   /I
                                                                                                                                                     LOM
                                                                                                                                                         BAR




                                                                                                                (10) 9
                                                                                                                                                             D




                                                                                                                  110
                                                                                                                                                      CIR




                                                                                                                 123
                                                                                                                                                         CLE




                                                                                                                                      162 4)
                                                                                          FF




                                                                                                                                           9
                                                                                                                                        23
                                                                                                                                          (
                                                                                                                                      355
    NOTE
                                                                                                        13
    INCLUDES 4.2% BACKGROUND                                                                          123 9
                                                                                                         3
    GROWTH                                                    CHR
                                                                 IS




                                                                                                                                   18459
                                                                                                2 3
                                                             STR TIAN




                                                                                                  254




                                                                                                                                       6
                                                                                                 223



                                                                                                                                     4
                                                                EET
                                                                                                                                 0
                                                                                                                                3
                                                                                 250                                           15
                                                                                   0                                                   PIE
                                                                                 93                                                       R 40
                                                                                                                                              S




                                                                                                         20383
                                                                                                             1
                                                                                                          10
                                                                                                           1
                                                                         3 6
                                                                           779
                                                                          15 7


                                                                                                           4
                                                                                                           2
                                          WASHINGTON
                                                                                                           20                                US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                               GUARD
                                                                     599
                                                                       0
                                                                                           291(21)
                                                                                             1619
                                                                                                4

                                                                                                                     BOULEVARD


                                                                     329
                                                                         1923
                                                                         (7)




                                                   NB                412
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP             0
                                                  FF R
                                                                                                                     COLUMBUS
                                                                                               1483




                                                O                    325
                                                                        97(11)




                                                                                                                                           COMCAST
                                                                        1918
                                                                        220




                                                                                                       41
                                                                                                       37
                                              REED
                                                                                                       41
                                              STREET
                                                                        218
                                                                         38
                                                                                           131(19)
                                                                                             1214
                                                                                               18

                                                                                                                     CHRISTOPHER




                                                                        128
                                                                        1955
                                                                        125
                                                                        27




                                              DICKINSON                                               51
                                              STREET                                                                                       SITE
                                                                                           1328
                                                                                             39
                                                                        1660
                                                                        125
                                                                        78




                                                                                                            104
                                                                                                            81
                                              TASKER
                                                                                                            73
                                              STREET
                                                                      79
                                                                      78
                                                                                                  4
                                                                                               1176
                                                                                                 78




                                                                     109
                                                  STREET
                                                  WATER




                                                                          1428
                                                                            414




                                                                                                       12 6 6




                                                               64
                                                                                                         1
                                                                                                         58




                                         MORRIS                516
                                         STREET
LEGEND
                                                         51
                                                        390




                                                                                       SWANSON




         EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                       STREET




 #(#)    MOVEMENT VOLUMES(U-TURNS)
    Orth - Rodgers    Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                              FIGURE 16

    2008 Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
    w/ Improvements
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia




                                                                                                       I-95
                                                                                                         ON
                                                                                                            NB




                                                                                                                                    27 1
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                             RAM




                                                                                                                                     152
                                                                                                                                      79
                                                                                                                 P
                                                                                                                                                    8




                                                                           I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                   3




                                                                             I-676
                                                                                                                                                  7




                                                                                 ON
    Early Afternoon (1:15 - 2:15)




                                                                                   /I
                                                                                                                                                        LOM
                                                                                                                                                            BAR




                                                                                                               (0) 2
                                                                                                                                                                D




                                                                                                                 1 04
                                                                                                                                                         CIR




                                                                                                                116
                                                                                                                                                            CLE




                                                                                                                                      104 6)
                                                                                          FF




                                                                                                                                           4
                                                                                                                                        59
                                                                                                                                          (
                                                                                                                                      502
    NOTE
                                                                                                        13
    INCLUDES 4.2% BACKGROUND                                                                          121 4
                                                                                                         3
    GROWTH                                                    CHR
                                                                 IS




                                                                                                                                   14734
                                                                                                16(5 5
                                                             STR TIAN




                                                                                                  328




                                                                                                                                       3
                                                                                                    )
                                                                                                 202



                                                                                                                                     6
                                                                EET
                                                                                                                                 2
                                                                                                                                2
                                                                               157                                             13
                                                                                 2                                                     PIE
                                                                              142                                                         R 40
                                                                                                                                              S




                                                                                                         19372
                                                                                                             3
                                                                                                           9
                                                                                                           1
                                                                         (6) 6
                                                                           437
                                                                          17 3


                                                                                                          5
                                                                                                          4
                                          WASHINGTON
                                                                                                          4                                  US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                               GUARD
                                                                     516
                                                                       4
                                                                                           352(2)
                                                                                            1589
                                                                                               3

                                                                                                                     BOULEVARD


                                                                     416
                                                                         2135
                                                                         (24)




                                                   NB                391
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP             0
                                                  FF R
                                                                                                                     COLUMBUS
                                                                                               1520




                                                O                    349
                                                                        119(2)




                                                                                                                                           COMCAST
                                                                        2154
                                                                        226




                                                                                                       53
                                                                                                       26
                                              REED
                                                                                                       37
                                              STREET
                                                                        189
                                                                         35
                                                                                           175(18)
                                                                                             1277
                                                                                               20

                                                                                                                     CHRISTOPHER




                                                                        158
                                                                        2071
                                                                        295
                                                                        0




                                              DICKINSON                                               104
                                              STREET                                                                                       SITE
                                                                                           1386
                                                                                             60
                                                                        1887
                                                                        98
                                                                        85




                                                                                                            164
                                                                                                            109
                                              TASKER
                                                                                                            146
                                              STREET
                                                                      91
                                                                     108
                                                                                                  6
                                                                                               1193
                                                                                                119




                                                                     120
                                                  STREET
                                                  WATER




                                                                          1675
                                                                            478




                                                                                                       13 4 0




                                                               70
                                                                                                         1
                                                                                                         12




                                         MORRIS                548
                                         STREET
LEGEND
                                                         74
                                                        680




                                                                                       SWANSON




         EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                       STREET




 #(#)    MOVEMENT VOLUMES(U-TURNS)
                                       Table XI
                 Comparison of Existing and Phase I Total Intersection
                 Peak Hour Traffic Volumes along Columbus Boulevard

                                      Existing Total
                                       Intersection                   Phase I
             Intersection                Volume             Total Intersection Volume
                                     Friday Saturday Friday % Change Saturday % Change
Lombard Circle/I-95 NB On-Ramp       3,255    2,623    3,532     8.5%      3,256      21.0%
I-676 On & I-676/95 SB Off Ramp      4,530    4,006    5,036    11.0%      4,720      18.0%
Christian Street                     4,567    4,088    5,074    11.0%      4,806      17.5%
Washington Avenue                    4,696    4,282    5.247    11.5%      5,074      18.5%
I-95 Off Ramp                        3,559    3,520    4,150    16.5%      4,419      25.5%
Reed Street                          3,471    3,491    4,131    19.0%      4,489      28.5%
Dickinson Street                     3,148    3,220    3,525    12.0%      3,916      21.5%
Tasker Street                        3,400    3,630    3,645     7.0%      4,126      13,5%
Morris/Water Streets                  830     1,168    1,021    23.0%      1,372      17.5%

Corridor Averages                    3,495    3,336    3,929    13.5%      4,020      20.5%




        As indicated, traffic is projected to increase by more than 13% corridor-wide in the
Friday peak and by more than 20% in the Saturday peak. The largest increase in traffic is
projected at the I-95 off-ramp and the Reed Street intersections. This is reasonable since
more than 70% of all incoming and over 60% of all outgoing site traffic is projected to use
this segment of Columbus Boulevard.




Recommended Year 2008 Improvement Program


        Normally when analyzing the impact of development traffic, it is the developer’s re-
sponsibility to offset or mitigate the impact of their traffic on projected conditions at the
time of opening to conditions at that time if the proposed development were not built. This
is the case for all developments constructed in the City of Philadelphia and has been so for
some time. However, recognizing the importance of traffic flow on Columbus Boulevard to
the success of the proposed development and the impact of those problems on the neighbor-
hoods that rely on Columbus Boulevard for circulation, Foxwoods Casino-Philadelphia
mandated that not only the impact of the casino traffic be mitigated. It also mandated that



Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                        Page 38
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
the transportation improvement program also mitigate the impact of traffic from other de-
velopments as well as the existing traffic problems.

        Accordingly, an iterative analysis was conducted to develop a program of transporta-
tion improvements that meet the mandate. The following transportation improvements
were identified as a result of the analysis:



                Re-establish the coordinated traffic signal system on Columbus Boulevard
                and then update it to incorporate the latest technology to eliminate the con-
                stant stopping and starting of traffic which is experienced today;

                Construct a northbound double left turn lane at the I-676 and I-95 ramps to
                eliminate the back-ups onto the through lanes of northbound Columbus
                Boulevard;

                Construct a northbound double turn lane at Washington Avenue, re-striping
                the eastbound Washington Avenue approach to provide a double left turn
                lane and provide sufficient walk time for a pedestrian to cross Columbus
                Boulevard without having to walk through turning traffic. Lastly, provide
                southbound right-turn only lane by removing one of the through lanes. This
                is the most congested intersection in along the corridor and these improve-
                ments will eliminate that congestion.

                Re-stripe the eastbound Reed Street approach for three lanes and allow left
                turns from the center and leftmost lane of the approach and re-stripe the
                west approach to provide space for westbound traffic to bypass movie theater
                traffic and three eastbound lanes to reduce the current back-ups affecting all
                approaches of the intersection;

                Install a signal at Dickinson Street and re-stripe the southbound Columbus
                Boulevard approach for two through lanes and a double left turn lane. Stripe
                a double right turn lane for exit from the site and two eastbound lanes for en-
                trance into the site. Prohibit left and U-turns from the northbound Columbus
                Boulevard approach;

                Widen westbound Tasker Street to provide two approach lanes at Columbus
                Boulevard; and

                Install a new signalized intersection at the Morris Street I-95 on ramp to in-
                tercept northbound Columbus Boulevard traffic that U-turns at Dickinson
                Street and direct them onto the existing I-95 southbound on-ramp.

Concept drawings of the proposed improvements are presented in Figures 17 to 20 that fol-
low.



Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                        Page 39
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
Performance of the Year 2008 Transportation Improvement Program


        Figures 21 and 22 illustrate the levels of service during the Friday and Saturday
peak hours, respectively – assuming projected 2008 ‘Build’ peak hour volumes and imple-
mentation of the improvement program as described. Table XII compares the levels of ser-
vice for the 2008 build traffic volumes with the proposed traffic improvements in place to
the existing traffic volumes.


                                        Table XII
                     Comparison of Existing and Phase I Intersection
                      Levels of Service along Columbus Boulevard

                                              Existing                      Phase I
             Intersection                Friday     Saturday          Friday     Saturday
Lombard Circle/I-95 NB On-Ramp           B (12)         B (16)         B (13)         B (20)
I-676 On & I-676/95 SB Off Ramp          C (22)         C (26)         B (16)         B (16)
Christian Street                         C (30)         C (24)         C (21)         B (19)
Washington Avenue                        F (105)        E (61)         D (44)         C (27)
I-95 Ramp NB Off Ramp                    B (14)         B (14)         A (9)          A (7)
Reed Street                              C (27)         D (44)         C (20)         C (31)
Dickinson Street                          N/A            N/A           A (3)          A (6)
Tasker Street                             A (9)         B (20)         C (21)         D (44)
Morris Street                             N/A            N/A           A (3)          A (3)

Sum Total Intersection Delay               219           205            150            173




        As indicated, there is a dramatic improvement at Washington Avenue. At that in-
tersection, existing levels of service improve from unacceptable levels to acceptable levels of
service with intersection delays reduced from 105 seconds per vehicle on Friday to 44 sec-
onds per vehicle and from 61 seconds per vehicle to 27 seconds per vehicle on Saturday.
Notably, the Tasker Street intersection shows an increase in delay but the levels of service
remain acceptable. Overall, when comparing total intersection delays, it is noted that on
Friday, delays decrease from 219 seconds per vehicle to 150 seconds per vehicle, a 32% im-
provement and on Saturday, total intersection delay is reduced from 205 seconds per vehi-
cle to 173 seconds per vehicle, a 16% improvement as compared with existing conditions.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                        Page 44
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
     Orth - Rodgers   Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                        FIGURE 21

     2008 Build Late Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service
     w/ Improvements
     Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia




                                                                                                             I-95
                                                                                                               ON




                                                                                                                                            D(4 )
                                                                                                                                                 7
                                                                                                                                               4)
                                                                                                                  NB




                                                                                                                                             B(1
     PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                                   RAM
                                                                                                                                                             OV




                                                                                                                       P
                                                                                                                                                               ER
                                                                                                                                                                 ALL




                                                                                 I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                                    : B(




                                                                                   I-676
                                                                                                                                                         D(5            13)
                                                                                                                                                            1)




                                                                                       ON
     Early Afternoon (3:15 - 4:15)




                                                                                         /I
                                                                                                                                                          LOM




                                                                                                                       B(1 )
                                                                                                                                                              BAR




                                                                                                                            0
                                                                                                                          0)
                                                                                                                        C(2
                                                                                                                                                           CIR    D
                                                                                                                                                              CLE




                                                                                                                                                 9)
                                                                                                FF




                                                                                                                                                 )
                                                                                                                                             C(3
                                                                                                                                             A(3
                                                                                                       C(3
                                                                                                      C(2 1)                                            OV
                                                                                                         5)                                               ER
                                                              CHR                                                                                           ALL
                                                                                                                                                               :




                                                                                                                                             4)
                                                                 IS                                                                                                   B(1
                                                             STR TIAN




                                                                                                        D(4 )




                                                                                                                                             )
                                                                                                             3
                                                                                                                                                                         6)




                                                                                                                                         C(2
                                                                                                                                         A(5
                                                                                                           5)
                                                                                                         C(2
                                                                EET

                                                                                                                                                  OV
                                                                                                                                         C(3        ER
                                                                                   E(7                                                      5)        ALL
                                                                                  C(3 6)                                                                 :   C(2
                                                                                     5)                                                      PIE                1)
                                                                                                                                                R 40
                                                                                                                                                    S




                                                                                                                  2)
                                                                                                                  )
                                                                                                              F(9
                                                                                                              A(4
                                                                             D (3 2 )
                                                                              F(8 )

                                              OVERALL: D(44)
                                                                                A(1

                                                                                 7)



                                                                                                               D(51)
                                          WASHINGTON                                                                                                 US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                                       GUARD
                                                                         E(57)
                                                                         E(59)
                                                                                                              C(26)
                                                                                                     E(66)




                                                                          a(0)
                                                                                                                           BOULEVARD
                                                                             E(68)
                                                                             A(3)




                                                  OVERALL: A(9)




                                                   NB                    D(45)
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP
                                                  FF R                    A(0)
                                                                                                                           COLUMBUS




                                                O
                                                                                                      A(8)




                                                                                                                                                  COMCAST
                                                                             B(12)
                                                                             E(63)




                                              OVERALL: C(20)
                                                                                                             D(48)
                                                                                                             D(48)
                                              REED
                                              STREET
                                                                         E(65)
                                                                         E(69)
                                                                                                     F(83)
                                                                                                      A(8)


                                                                                                                           CHRISTOPHER




                                                                         D(44)
                                                                            C(35)
                                                                            A(1)




                                              OVERALL: A(3)

                                              DICKINSON                                                       D(39)
                                              STREET                                                                                              SITE
                                                                                                     A(3)
                                                                             C(32)
                                                                             A(9)




                                              OVERALL: B(21)
                                                                                                         C(27)
                                                                                                         D(49)
                                              TASKER
                                              STREET
                                                                         D(47)
                                                                                                      C(27)
                                                   STREET
                                                   WATER




                                                                              A(4)
                                                                              A(2)




                                                                                                                               OVERALL: A(3)
                                                                                                              A( (32
                                                                                                                0) )
                                                                                                                C




                                                                 e(44)
                                         MORRIS
                                         STREET
LEGEND
                                                         d(25)




                                                                                             SWANSON




    - EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                             STREET




A(#) - SIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
a(#) - UNSIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
     Orth - Rodgers   Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                         FIGURE 22

    2008 Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service
    w/ Improvements
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia




                                                                                                             I-95
                                                                                                               ON




                                                                                                                                            E (5 )
                                                                                                                                                  9
                                                                                                                                                9)
                                                                                                                  NB




                                                                                                                                             C (2
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                                   RAM
                                                                                                                                                             OV




                                                                                                                       P
                                                                                                                                                               ER
                                                                                                                                                                 ALL




                                                                                 I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                                    : B(




                                                                                   I-676
                                                                                                                                                         D(5            20)
                                                                                                                                                            5)




                                                                                       ON
     Early Afternoon (1:15 - 2:15)




                                                                                         /I
                                                                                                                                                           LOM




                                                                                                                          1)
                                                                                                                                                               BAR




                                                                                                                       B(1
                                                                                                                                                            CIR    D
                                                                                                                                                               CLE




                                                                                                                                                 0)
                                                                                                FF




                                                                                                                                                 )
                                                                                                                                             C(3
                                                                                                                                             A(3
                                                                                                       C(3
                                                                                                      C(2 3)                                            OV
                                                                                                         5)                                               ER
                                                               CHR                                                                                          ALL
                                                                                                                                                               :




                                                                                                                                             2)
                                                                  IS                                                                                                   B(1
                                                              STR TIAN




                                                                                                                                             )
                                                                                                           1)
                                                                                                                                                                          6)




                                                                                                                                         C(3
                                                                                                                                         A(6
                                                                                                         0)
                                                                 EET




                                                                                                       C(2
                                                                                                      D(5
                                                                                                                                                  OV
                                                                                                                                         D(4        ER
                                                                                   E(5                                                      2)        ALL
                                                                                  D(4 7)                                                                 :   B(1
                                                                                                                                                                9)
                                                                                     2)                                                      PIE
                                                                                                                                                R 40
                                                                                                                                                    S




                                                                                                                  3)
                                                                                                                  )
                                                                                                              D(5
                                                                                                              A(9
                                                                             E(6 1)
                                                                              D(4 )

                                              OVERALL: C(27)
                                                                               A(0

                                                                                3)



                                                                                                               E(56)
                                          WASHINGTON                                                                                                  US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                                        GUARD
                                                                         E(59)
                                                                         E(65)
                                                                                                              A(8)
                                                                                                     E(60)




                                                                          a(1)
                                                                                                                           BOULEVARD
                                                                            C(26)




                                                  OVERALL: A(7)
                                                                            A(1)




                                                   NB                    D(49)
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP
                                                  FF R                    A(1)
                                                                                                                           COLUMBUS




                                                O
                                                                                                      A(2)




                                                                                                                                                  COMCAST
                                                                             B(17)
                                                                             B(16)




                                              OVERALL: C(31)
                                                                                                             F(88)
                                                                                                             E(58)
                                              REED
                                              STREET
                                                                         E(72)
                                                                         E(75)
                                                                                                     F(82)
                                                                                                     C(38)


                                                                                                                           CHRISTOPHER




                                                                         D(49)
                                                                            D(53)
                                                                            A(0)




                                              OVERALL: A(6)

                                              DICKINSON                                                       D(45)
                                              STREET                                                                                              SITE
                                                                                                       A(1)
                                                                             D(39)
                                                                             D(56)




                                              OVERALL: D(44)
                                                                                                         C(27)
                                                                                                         F(98)
                                              TASKER
                                              STREET
                                                                         F(95)
                                                                                                      C(27)
                                                                                 A(4)
                                                                                  A(0)
                                                   STREET
                                                   WATER




                                                                                                                                  OVERALL: A(3)
                                                                                                              A( (33
                                                                                                                0) )
                                                                                                                C




                                                                 f(80)
                                         MORRIS
                                         STREET
                                                             f(176)




LEGEND
                                                                                             SWANSON
                                                                                             STREET




      - EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
A(#) - SIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
a(#) - UNSIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
Year 2010 Analysis


        By the Year 2010, it is anticipated that the operating casino will expand to include
an additional 2,000 slot machines for a total of 5,000 machines. There will also be addi-
tional restaurants and entertainment venues.

        For the purposes of the Year 2010 Analysis, it is assumed that the first phase of the
development is in place and operating. It is also assumed that the Transportation Im-
provement Program established in the preceding section is in place and functioning as de-
signed. Accordingly, in the years after the 2008 opening, there will be additional growth in
traffic that must be accommodated along with additional Phase II casino generated traffic.
In order to achieve the mandate, additional improvements must be added to the Transpor-
tation Improvement Program.




Year 2010 Traffic Volumes and Levels of Service Assuming the Phase I Transpor-
tation Improvements are in Place


        In the case of the Phase I analysis, the key comparison is projected future Phase II
conditions versus the existing situation. Figures 23 and 24 illustrate the Friday and Sat-
urday peak hour traffic volumes assuming Phase II of the casino development is in place.
Table XIII summarizes the peak hour traffic volume increases as compared to today’s traffic
volumes.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                       Page 47
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                    May 15, 2006
    Orth - Rodgers    Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                 FIGURE 23

    2010 Build Late Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
    w/ Improvements w/o Dickinson Street Ramp
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia




                                                                                                          I-95
                                                                                                            ON
                                                                                                               NB




                                                                                                                                       17(5 5
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                                RAM




                                                                                                                                         136

                                                                                                                                           )
                                                                                                                                        140
                                                                                                                    P
                                                                                                                                                       8




                                                                              I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                      5




                                                                                I-676
                                                                                                                                                     10




                                                                                    ON
    Early Afternoon (3:15 - 4:15)




                                                                                      /I
                                                                                                                                                           LOM
                                                                                                                                                               BAR




                                                                                                                   (11) 4
                                                                                                                                                                   D




                                                                                                                     114
                                                                                                                                                            CIR




                                                                                                                    129
                                                                                                                                                               CLE




                                                                                                                                         168 4)
                                                                                             FF




                                                                                                                                              6
                                                                                                                                           24
                                                                                                                                             (
                                                                                                                                         377
    NOTE
                                                                                                           14
    INCLUDES 7.4% BACKGROUND                                                                             130 3
                                                                                                            6
    GROWTH                                                    CHR
                                                                 IS




                                                                                                                                      19285
                                                                                                   2 4
                                                             STR TIAN




                                                                                                     262




                                                                                                                                          2
                                                                                                    235



                                                                                                                                        4
                                                                EET
                                                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                                                   3
                                                                                    258                                           15
                                                                                      0                                                   PIE
                                                                                    96                                                       R 40
                                                                                                                                                 S




                                                                                                            21289
                                                                                                                3
                                                                                                             11
                                                                                                              1
                                                                          3 7
                                                                            802
                                                                           16 7


                                                                                                              4
                                                                                                              2
                                          WASHINGTON
                                                                                                              20                                US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                                  GUARD
                                                                     618
                                                                       0
                                                                                              303(21)
                                                                                                1694
                                                                                                   4

                                                                                                                        BOULEVARD


                                                                     347
                                                                          2043
                                                                          (8)




                                                   NB                424
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP             0
                                                  FF R
                                                                                                                        COLUMBUS
                                                                                                  1563




                                                O                    358
                                                                                                                                              COMCAST
                                                                     118(12)
                                                                     2043
                                                                     227




                                                                                                          48
                                                                                                          39
                                              REED
                                                                                                          45
                                              STREET
                                                                        224
                                                                        410
                                                                                              135(19)
                                                                                                1280
                                                                                                  18

                                                                                                                        CHRISTOPHER




                                                                        132
                                                                        2050
                                                                        162
                                                                        28




                                              DICKINSON                                                  67
                                              STREET                                                                                          SITE
                                                                                              1383
                                                                                                50
                                                                        1715
                                                                        162
                                                                        81




                                                                                                               122
                                                                                                               84
                                              TASKER
                                                                                                               93
                                              STREET
                                                                         82
                                                                         82
                                                                                                  1222
                                                                                                    99




                                                                        113
                                                  STREET
                                                  WATER




                                                                          1489
                                                                            432




                                                                                                          13 7 1




                                                               66
                                                                                                            1
                                                                                                            21




                                         MORRIS                537
                                         STREET
LEGEND
                                                         53
                                                        402




                                                                                          SWANSON




         EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                          STREET




 #(#)    MOVEMENT VOLUMES(U-TURNS)
    Orth - Rodgers    Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                         FIGURE 24

    2010 Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
    w/ Improvements w/o Dickinson Street Ramp
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia




                                                                                                  I-95
                                                                                                    ON
                                                                                                       NB
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                        RAM




                                                                                                                               28 6
                                                                                                                                132
                                                                                                                                 82
                                                                                                            P
                                                                                                                                               9




                                                                          I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                            I-676
                                                                                                                                              3
                                                                                                                                             10




                                                                                ON
    Early Afternoon (1:15 - 2:15)




                                                                                  /I
                                                                                                                                                   LOM
                                                                                                                                                       BAR
                                                                                                                                                           D




                                                                                                          (0 ) 5
                                                                                                            107
                                                                                                                                                    CIR




                                                                                                           1 23



                                                                                                                                 10 9 6)
                                                                                                                                                       CLE




                                                                                                                                      4
                                                                                         FF




                                                                                                                                   61
                                                                                                                                     (
                                                                                                                                 549
    NOTE
    INCLUDES 7.4% BACKGROUND                                                                       13
                                                                                                 132 9
                                                                                                    6
    GROWTH                                                    CHR




                                                                                                                              15785
                                                                 IS




                                                                                                                                  2
                                                             STR TIAN




                                                                                              16(5 1


                                                                                                                                6
                                                                                                338

                                                                                                  )
                                                                                               220
                                                                EET

                                                                                                                        2
                                                                                                                       2
                                                                                  162                                 13
                                                                                    2
                                                                                 146                                              PIE
                                                                                                                                     R 40
                                                                                                                                         S




                                                                                                   20777
                                                                                                       8
                                                                                                    10
                                                                                                     1
                                                                          (6) 3
                                                                            45 0
                                                                           190


                                                                                                   5
                                                                                                   4
                                          WASHINGTON                                               4                                    US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                          GUARD
                                                                        532
                                                                          4
                                                                                          372(2)
                                                                                           1723
                                                                                              3




                                                                        445
                                                                                                                BOULEVARD
                                                                         2330
                                                                         (25)




                                                   NB                   403
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP                0
                                                                                          1663




                                                  FF R
                                                                                                                COLUMBUS




                                                O                       410
                                                                                                                                      COMCAST
                                                                        156(2)
                                                                        2364
                                                                        233




                                                                                                 68
                                                                                                 29
                                              REED                                               46
                                              STREET                    194
                                                                         40
                                                                                         181(18)
                                                                                           1398
                                                                                             20




                                                                        163
                                                                                                                CHRISTOPHER
                                                                        2179
                                                                        411
                                                                        0




                                              DICKINSON                                          145
                                              STREET                                                                                  SITE
                                                                                          1471
                                                                                            85
                                                                        1957
                                                                        137




                                                                                                     211
                                                                        88




                                                                                                     115
                                              TASKER                                                 197
                                              STREET
                                                                         93
                                                                        116
                                                                                              1251
                                                                                               165




                                                                        124
                                                                           1772
                                                  STREET
                                                  WATER




                                                                             500




                                                                                                  14 4 5
                                                                                                    1
                                                                                                    16




                                                              78
                                         MORRIS               573
                                         STREET
LEGEND
                                                         76
                                                        701




                                                                                      SWANSON




         EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                      STREET




 #(#)    MOVEMENT VOLUMES(U-TURNS)
                                      Table XIII
                 Comparison of Existing and Phase II Total Intersection
                 Peak Hour Traffic Volumes along Columbus Boulevard

                                  Existing Total
                                   Intersection                 Phase II
                                     Volume            Total Intersection Volume
          Intersection          Friday Saturday Friday % Change Saturday % Change
Lombard Circle/I-95 NB On-Ramp 3,255      2,623  3,677    13.0%       3,162    20.5%
I-676 On & I-676/95 SB Off Ramp 4,530     4,006  5,275    16.5%       5,064    26.5%
Christian Street                 4,567    4,088  5,313    16.5%       5,152    26.0%
Washington Avenue                4,696    4,282  5,495    17.0%       5,453    27.5%
I-95 Off Ramp                    3,559    3,520  4,396    23.5%       4,831    37.0%
Reed Street                      3,471    3,491  4,750    37.0%       4,912    40.5%
Dickinson Street                 3,148    3,220  3,740    19.0%       4,291    33.5%
Tasker Street                    3,400    3,630  3,855    13.5%       4,454    22.5%
Morris/Water Streets              830     1,168  1,058    27.5%       1,428    22.5%

Corridor Averages                 3,495    3,336     4,173    20.5%       4,305     28.5%




        As with the Phase I traffic volume comparisons, the largest traffic increases are pro-
jected to occur at the Reed Street intersection and at the I-95 northbound off-ramp. Over-
all, on Friday, corridor-wide traffic volumes are projected to increase by more than 20% and
on Saturday by almost 29% versus existing traffic volumes.

        Figures 25 and 26 illustrate the calculated 2010 levels of service assuming the Phase
I improvements are in place. Table XIV summarizes the results of the level of service
analysis.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                       Page 50
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                    May 15, 2006
     Orth - Rodgers   Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                                FIGURE 25

    2010 Build Late Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service
    w/ Improvements w/o Dickinson Street Ramp
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia




                                                                                                             I-95
                                                                                                               ON




                                                                                                                                           D(5 )
                                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                              4)
                                                                                                                  NB
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                                   RAM




                                                                                                                                            B(2
                                                                                                                                                             OV




                                                                                                                       P
                                                                                                                                                               ER
                                                                                                                                                                 ALL




                                                                                 I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                                    :




                                                                                   I-676
                                                                                                                                                        D(4                   B(1
                                                                                                                                                           9)                    2)




                                                                                       ON
     Early Afternoon (3:15 - 4:15)




                                                                                         /I
                                                                                                                                                          LOM




                                                                                                                       B(1 )
                                                                                                                                                              BAR




                                                                                                                            5
                                                                                                                                                                  D




                                                                                                                          1)
                                                                                                                        C(2
                                                                                                                                                           CIR
                                                                                                                                                              CLE




                                                                                                                                                6)
                                                                                                FF




                                                                                                                                                )
                                                                                                                                            C(2
                                                                                                                                            A(1
                                                                                                          C(2
                                                                                                         C(2 9)                                         OV
                                                                                                            5)                                            ER
                                                              CHR                                                                                           ALL




                                                                                                                                         B(1 )
                                                                 IS                                                                                            :




                                                                                                                                              3
                                                                                                                                                                      C(2
                                                             STR TIAN




                                                                                                                                            3)
                                                                                                        D(5 )


                                                                                                                                          D(4
                                                                                                                                                                         2)




                                                                                                             2
                                                                                                           3)
                                                                EET




                                                                                                         C(5
                                                                                                                                                  OV
                                                                                    F(1                                             C(3             ER
                                                                                       0                                               6)             ALL
                                                                                    C(6 0)                                                               :   D(3
                                                                                        3)                                                   PIE                7)
                                                                                                                                                R 40
                                                                                                                                                    S




                                                                                                              B(1 )
                                                                                                                   7
                                                                                                                 0)
                                                                                                               D(4
                                                                            E(6 3)
                                                                             F(9 )
                                                                              A(1

                                                                               8)

                                              OVERALL: D(44)

                                          WASHINGTON                                                          D(51)                                 US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                                      GUARD
                                                                         E(69)
                                                                         E(72)
                                                                                                              A(9)
                                                                                                     E(59)




                                                                          a(0)
                                                                                                                           BOULEVARD
                                                                            C(30)
                                                                            A(1)




                                                  OVERALL: A(6)


                                                   NB                    D(44)
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP
                                                  FF R
                                                                                                     A(3)



                                                                                                                           COLUMBUS




                                                O
                                                                                                                                                  COMCAST
                                                                            C(30)
                                                                            C(21)




                                              OVERALL: C(30)                                                 D(46)
                                              REED                                                           D(46)
                                              STREET                     E(60)
                                                                         E(63)
                                                                                                     F(98)
                                                                                                     B(15)




                                                                         D(44)
                                                                                                                           CHRISTOPHER
                                                                           A(1)
                                                                           A(6)




                                              OVERALL: A(5)
                                              DICKINSON                                                      B(17)
                                              STREET                                                                                              SITE
                                                                                                     B(11)
                                                                            C(17)
                                                                            D(49)




                                             OVERALL: C(26)                                                  C(25)
                                                                                                             D(52)
                                              TASKER
                                              STREET
                                                                         D(47)
                                                                                                      C(25)
                                                                                 A(4)
                                                                                  A(1)
                                                   STREET
                                                   WATER




                                                                                                                                  OVERALL: A(3)
                                                                                                              A( (32
                                                                                                                0) )
                                                                                                                C




                                                                 f(55)
                                         MORRIS
                                         STREET
                                                         d(29)




LEGEND
                                                                                             SWANSON
                                                                                             STREET




      - EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
A(#) - SIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
a(#) - UNSIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
     Orth - Rodgers   Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                                FIGURE 26

    2010 Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service
    w/ Improvements w/o Dickinson Street Ramp
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia




                                                                                                                I-95
                                                                                                                  ON




                                                                                                                                              E(6 )
                                                                                                                                                    4
                                                                                                                     NB




                                                                                                                                                  4)
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                                      RAM




                                                                                                                                               C (3
                                                                                                                                                                   OV




                                                                                                                          P
                                                                                                                                                                     ER
                                                                                                                                                                       ALL




                                                                                   I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                                          :




                                                                                     I-676
                                                                                                                                                           E(6                C(2
                                                                                                                                                              0)                 3)




                                                                                         ON
     Early Afternoon (1:15 - 2:15)




                                                                                           /I
                                                                                                                                                             LOM
                                                                                                                                                                 BAR




                                                                                                                              3)
                                                                                                                                                                     D




                                                                                                                          B(1
                                                                                                                                                              CIR
                                                                                                                                                                 CLE




                                                                                                                                                   1)
                                                                                                  FF




                                                                                                                                                   )
                                                                                                                                               C(3
                                                                                                                                               A(4
                                                                                                            C(3
                                                                                                           C(3 4)                                          OV
                                                                                                              0)                                             ER
                                                                CHR                                                                                            ALL




                                                                                                                                            B(1 )
                                                                   IS                                                                                             :




                                                                                                                                                 4
                                                                                                                                                                         C((
                                                               STR TIAN




                                                                                                                                               0)
                                                                                                          E(5 )


                                                                                                                                             D(4
                                                                                                                                                                            21)




                                                                                                               9
                                                                                                             9)
                                                                  EET




                                                                                                           B(1
                                                                                                                                                     OV
                                                                                                                                       D(4             ER
                                                                                       E(7                                                6)             ALL
                                                                                      D(4 1)                                                                :   B(1
                                                                                                                                                                   9)
                                                                                         6)                                                     PIE
                                                                                                                                                   R 40
                                                                                                                                                       S




                                                                                                                     4)
                                                                                                                     )
                                                                                                                 D(5
                                                                                                                 A(7
                                                                              D(3 0)
                                                                               E(7 )
                                                                                A(0

                                                                                 7)

                                              OVERALL: D(40)

                                          WASHINGTON                                                             E(61)                                  US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                                          GUARD
                                                                          E(65)
                                                                          E(72)
                                                                                                                 A(8)
                                                                                                       F(96)




                                                                           a(1)
                                                                                                                              BOULEVARD
                                                                              C(28)
                                                                              A(1)




                                                  OVERALL: A(7)


                                                   NB                     D(53)
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP                 A(1)
                                                  FF R
                                                                                                       A(3)



                                                                                                                              COLUMBUS




                                                O
                                                                                                                                                     COMCAST
                                                                              C(29)
                                                                              C(20)




                                              OVERALL: D(35)                                                   F(132)
                                              REED                                                             E(65)
                                              STREET                      F(82)
                                                                          F(87)
                                                                                                       F(115)
                                                                                                        B(19)




                                                                          D(54)
                                                                                                                              CHRISTOPHER
                                                                             A(0)
                                                                             A(6)




                                              OVERALL: A(6)
                                              DICKINSON                                                        B(20)
                                              STREET                                                                                                 SITE
                                                                                                        B(12)
                                                                              E(63)
                                                                              F(86)




                                             OVERALL: E(72)                                                    C(22)
                                                                                                               F(124)
                                              TASKER
                                              STREET
                                                                          F(123)
                                                                                                        C(34)
                                                                                   A(5)
                                                                                    A(0)
                                                   STREET
                                                   WATER




                                                                                                                                     OVERALL: A(4)
                                                                                                                A( (35
                                                                                                                  0) )
                                                                                                                  C




                                                                  f(98)
                                         MORRIS
                                         STREET
                                                             f(193)




LEGEND
                                                                                               SWANSON
                                                                                               STREET




      - EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
A(#) - SIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
a(#) - UNSIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
                                            Table XIV
                     Comparison of Existing and Phase II Intersection
                       Levels of Service along Columbus Boulevard

                                                 Existing               2008 Build
             Intersection                   Friday     Saturday    Friday      Saturday
Lombard Circle/I-95 NB On-Ramp              B (12)      B (16)      B (12)        C (23)
I-676 On & I-676/95 SB Off Ramp             C (22)      C (26)      C (22)        C (21)
Christian Street                            C (30)      C (24)      D (37)        B (19)
Washington Avenue                           F (105)     E (61)      D (44)        D (40)
I-95 Ramp NB Off Ramp                       B (14)      B (14)      A (6)         A (7)
Reed Street                                 C (27)      D (44)      C (30)        D (35)
Dickinson Street                             N/A         N/A        A (5)         A (5)
Tasker Street                                A (9)      B (20)      C (26)        E (72)
Morris Street                                N/A         N/A        A (3)         A (4)

Sum Total Intersection Delay                 219         205         185           227




        Examination of the table reveals that the Friday peak hour levels of service still
show an improvement when compared against the existing Friday levels of service. In fact,
on Friday, it is projected that none of the intersections will operate unacceptably -- i.e.
Level of Service ‘E’ or worse. However, on Saturday, delays are projected to increase by
11% over existing conditions. However, only Tasker Street is projected to operate unac-
ceptably during the Saturday peak. The key Washington Avenue intersection will still op-
erate acceptably at Level of Service ‘D’.




Recommended Year 2010 Transportation Improvement Program


        Nevertheless, to address the mandate established by Foxwoods Casino-Philadelphia,
an additional improvement is proposed to address the increase in delay projected during
the Saturday peak. Examination of traffic patterns on Columbus Boulevard indicate that a
significant number of vehicles exit southbound I-95 and eastbound I-676 at the “Double
Slide-Under Ramp” that intersects with Columbus Boulevard just south of the Lombard
Circle-I-95 northbound on-ramp intersection. During the Friday and Saturday peak hours,
the right turning volume from the ramp exceeds 1,300 vehicles.



Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                     Page 53
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                  May 15, 2006
        Providing a new ramp connection from southbound I-95 to Columbus Boulevard in
the vicinity of the proposed casino would further relieve traffic congestion at the Columbus
Boulevard intersections serving the neighborhoods on both sides of Washington Avenue. In
fact, it is estimated that as much as 30% of the non-site traffic, and all casino oriented traf-
fic volumes – i.e. more than 500 vehicles in the Friday peak hour and more than 600 vehi-
cles during the Saturday peak hour, -- will divert to a new ramp.

        Figure 27 is a concept plan view of a proposed southbound I-95 off-ramp that con-
nects to Dickinson Street in such a manner to direct traffic to Columbus Boulevard and not
to the neighborhood streets. Figure 28 shows the profile of the proposed ramp. The design,
though preliminary in nature, meets all federal and PennDOT standards for an off-ramp
from an interstate highway. Approval for such a proposal will be required from PennDOT
and the Federal Highway Administration, the agencies responsible for the maintenance
and improvement of I-95. It should be noted that, as with any other major improvement to
the transportation system, involvement of Philadelphia city government and the local
community is a major consideration in the approval process.




Performance of the 2010 Transportation Improvement Program


        Figures 29 and 30 illustrate the peak hour traffic volumes for the Friday and Satur-
day peak hours, respectively. Table XV compares the year 2010 peak hour traffic volumes
versus the existing traffic volumes.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                         Page 54
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                      May 15, 2006
    Orth - Rodgers    Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                             FIGURE 29

    2010 Build Late Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
    w/ Improvements w/ Dickinson Street Ramp
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia




                                                                                                      I-95
                                                                                                        ON
                                                                                                           NB
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                            RAM




                                                                                                                                   17(5 5
                                                                                                                                     136

                                                                                                                                       )
                                                                                                                                    140
                                                                                                                P
                                                                                                                                                   8




                                                                              I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                I-676
                                                                                                                                                  5
                                                                                                                                                 10




                                                                                    ON
    Early Afternoon (3:15 - 4:15)




                                                                                      /I
                                                                                                                                                       LOM
                                                                                                                                                           BAR
                                                                                                                                                               D




                                                                                                               (11) 4
                                                                                                                                                        CIR




                                                                                                                 114
                                                                                                                1 21



                                                                                                                                     16 8 4)
                                                                                                                                                           CLE




                                                                                                                                          6
                                                                                             FF




                                                                                                                                       24
                                                                                                                                         (
                                                                                                                                     377
    NOTE
    INCLUDES 7.4% BACKGROUND                                                                            143
                                                                                                       794
    GROWTH                                                    CHR




                                                                                                                                  19285
                                                                 IS




                                                                                                                                      2
                                                             STR TIAN




                                                                                                   2 2


                                                                                                                                    4
                                                                                                     262
                                                                                                    184
                                                                EET

                                                                                                                            0
                                                                                                                           3
                                                                                       258                                15
                                                                                         0
                                                                                       96                                             PIE
                                                                                                                                         R 40
                                                                                                                                             S




                                                                                                          21289
                                                                                                              3
                                                                                                           11
                                                                                                            1
                                                                          3 5
                                                                            80 2
                                                                           116


                                                                                                          4
                                                                                                          2
                                          WASHINGTON                                                      20                                US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                              GUARD
                                                                        618
                                                                          0
                                                                                                  303(21)
                                                                                                    1699
                                                                                                        4




                                                                        347
                                                                                                                    BOULEVARD
                                                                          1531
                                                                          (8)




                                                   NB                   424
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP                0
                                                                                              1563




                                                  FF R
                                                                                                                    COLUMBUS




                                                O                       358
                                                                                                                                          COMCAST
                                                                        84(12)
                                                                        1565
                                                                        227




                                                                                                     48
                                                                                                     39
                                              REED                                                   45
                                              STREET                    224
                                                                         41
                                                                                                  169(19)
                                                                                                    1280
                                                                                                       18




                                                                        132
                                                                                                                    CHRISTOPHER
                                                                        1641
                                                                        93
                                                                        28




                                              DICKINSON                                              67
                                              STREET                     34
                                                                                                                                          SITE
                                                                        172
                                                                                              1383
                                                                                                50




                                                                        306
                                                                        1681




                                                                                                          122
                                                                        93
                                                                        81




                                                                                                          84
                                              TASKER                                                      93
                                              STREET
                                                                         82
                                                                         82
                                                                                                  1222
                                                                                                    99




                                                                        113
                                                                              1462
                                                  STREET
                                                  WATER




                                                                                425




                                                                                                      13 7 1
                                                                                                        1
                                                                                                        21




                                                              66
                                         MORRIS               530
                                         STREET
LEGEND
                                                         53
                                                        402




                                                                                          SWANSON




         EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                          STREET




 #(#)    MOVEMENT VOLUMES(U-TURNS)
    Orth - Rodgers    Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                             FIGURE 30

    2010 Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Traffic Volumes
    w/ Improvements w/ Dickinson Street Ramp
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia




                                                                                                      I-95
                                                                                                        ON
                                                                                                           NB
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                            RAM




                                                                                                                                   28 6
                                                                                                                                    132
                                                                                                                                     82
                                                                                                                P
                                                                                                                                                   9




                                                                              I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                I-676
                                                                                                                                                  3
                                                                                                                                                 10




                                                                                    ON
    Early Afternoon (1:15 - 2:15)




                                                                                      /I
                                                                                                                                                       LOM
                                                                                                                                                           BAR
                                                                                                                                                               D




                                                                                                              (0 ) 5
                                                                                                                107
                                                                                                                                                        CIR




                                                                                                               1 23



                                                                                                                                     10 9 6)
                                                                                                                                                           CLE




                                                                                                                                          9
                                                                                             FF




                                                                                                                                       61
                                                                                                                                         (
                                                                                                                                     549
    NOTE
    INCLUDES 7.4% BACKGROUND                                                                            139
                                                                                                       725
    GROWTH                                                    CHR




                                                                                                                                  15785
                                                                 IS




                                                                                                                                      2
                                                             STR TIAN




                                                                                                   16(5 0


                                                                                                                                    6
                                                                                                     338

                                                                                                       )
                                                                                                    160
                                                                EET

                                                                                                                            2
                                                                                                                           2
                                                                                      162                                 13
                                                                                        2
                                                                                     146                                              PIE
                                                                                                                                         R 40
                                                                                                                                             S




                                                                                                       20777
                                                                                                           8
                                                                                                        10
                                                                                                         1
                                                                          (6) 2
                                                                            45 0
                                                                           130


                                                                                                       5
                                                                                                       4
                                          WASHINGTON                                                   4                                    US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                              GUARD
                                                                        532
                                                                          4
                                                                                                  372(2)
                                                                                                   1723
                                                                                                       3




                                                                        445
                                                                                                                    BOULEVARD
                                                                          1729
                                                                          (25)




                                                   NB                   403
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP                0
                                                                                              1663




                                                  FF R
                                                                                                                    COLUMBUS




                                                O                       410
                                                                                                                                          COMCAST
                                                                        100(2)
                                                                        1821
                                                                        233




                                                                                                     68
                                                                                                     29
                                              REED                                                   46
                                              STREET                    194
                                                                         40
                                                                                                  212(18)
                                                                                                    1398
                                                                                                       20




                                                                        163
                                                                                                                    CHRISTOPHER
                                                                          1810
                                                                          238




                                              DICKINSON                                              145
                                              STREET                     31
                                                                                                                                          SITE
                                                                        290
                                                                                              1471
                                                                                                85




                                                                        280
                                                                        1926




                                                                                                         211
                                                                        79
                                                                        88




                                                                                                         115
                                              TASKER                                                     197
                                              STREET
                                                                         93
                                                                        116
                                                                                                  1251
                                                                                                   165




                                                                        124
                                                                              1478
                                                  STREET
                                                  WATER




                                                                                499




                                                                                                      14 4 5
                                                                                                        1
                                                                                                        16




                                                              78
                                         MORRIS               566
                                         STREET
LEGEND
                                                         76
                                                        701




                                                                                          SWANSON




         EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
                                                                                          STREET




 #(#)    MOVEMENT VOLUMES(U-TURNS)
                                       Table XV
                 Comparison of Existing and Phase II Total Intersection
                 Peak Hour Traffic Volumes along Columbus Boulevard
                      Assuming a new Dickinson Street Off-Ramp

                                        Existing Total
                                         Intersection                 Phase II
                                           Volume            Total Intersection Volume
            Intersection               Friday Saturday Friday % Change Saturday % Change
Lombard Circle/I-95 NB On-Ramp          3,255   2,623    3,677   13.0%      3,173      21.0%
I-676 On & I-676/95 SB Off Ramp         4,530   4,006    4,683    3.5%      4,463      11.5%
Christian Street                        4,567   4,088    4,801    5.0%      4,551      11.5%
Washington Avenue                       4,696   4,282    4,988    6.0%      5,190      21.0%
I-95 Off Ramp                           3,559   3,520    3,884    9.0%      4,230      20.0%
Reed Street                             3,471   3,491    3,903   12.5%      4,344      24.5%
Dickinson Street                        3,148   3,220    3,774   20.0%      4,350      35.0%
Tasker Street                           3,400   3,630    3,752   10.5%      4,365      20.0%
Morris/Water Streets                     830    1,168    1,051   26.5%      1,421      21.5%

Corridor Averages                       3,495   3,336    3,835   12.0%     4,010       20.5%




        As indicated, average intersection volumes are projected to increase by 12% during
the Friday peak and 20.5% during the Saturday peak. This contrasts with 20.5% and
28.5% for the Friday and Saturday peaks without the ramp as noted earlier. Without the
proposed ramp, volumes at the critical intersection of Washington Avenue and Columbus
Boulevard were projected to increase 17% and 27.5% for the Friday and Saturday peaks but
with the ramps, the increases are 6.0% in the Friday peak and 21.0% for the Saturday
peak.

        Reed Street, a location of current congestion, will also receive a significant benefit
from the proposed ramp to Dickinson Street. Without the ramp, intersection volumes are
projected to increase by about 40.0% during both the Friday and Saturday peaks. However,
with the ramps, the projected increases fall to 12.5% and 24.5% for the Friday and Satur-
day peaks, respectively.

        Figures 31 and 32 illustrate the 2010 levels of service assuming the Phase I Im-
provements are in place and the Dickinson Street off-ramp is built. Table XVI summarizes
the results of the level of service analysis.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                         Page 59
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                      May 15, 2006
     Orth - Rodgers   Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                                FIGURE 31

    2010 Build Late Friday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service
    w/ Improvements w/ Dickinson Street Ramp
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia




                                                                                                             I-95
                                                                                                               ON




                                                                                                                                           D(4 )
                                                                                                                                                 2
                                                                                                                                               7)
                                                                                                                  NB
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                                   RAM




                                                                                                                                            C (2
                                                                                                                                                             OV




                                                                                                                       P
                                                                                                                                                               ER
                                                                                                                                                                 ALL




                                                                                 I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                                    :




                                                                                   I-676
                                                                                                                                                        D(4                   B(1
                                                                                                                                                           1)                    2)




                                                                                       ON
     Early Afternoon (3:15 - 4:15)




                                                                                         /I
                                                                                                                                                          LOM




                                                                                                                       A(7 )
                                                                                                                                                              BAR




                                                                                                                            7
                                                                                                                                                                  D




                                                                                                                        C(2
                                                                                                                                                           CIR




                                                                                                                          )
                                                                                                                                                              CLE




                                                                                                                                                4)
                                                                                                FF




                                                                                                                                                )
                                                                                                                                            B(1
                                                                                                                                            A(1
                                                                                                         C(2
                                                                                                         B(1 7)                                         OV
                                                                                                            1)                                            ER
                                                              CHR                                                                                           ALL




                                                                                                                                             6)
                                                                 IS                                                                                            :      B(1
                                                             STR TIAN




                                                                                                                                             )
                                                                                                        D(5 )


                                                                                                                                         C(2
                                                                                                                                         A(8
                                                                                                                                                                         6)




                                                                                                             4
                                                                                                           3)
                                                                EET




                                                                                                         C(2
                                                                                                                                                  OV
                                                                                   E(5                                              C(2             ER
                                                                                                                                                      ALL
                                                                                  C(2 8)                                               7)                :   B(1
                                                                                     7)                                                                         7)
                                                                                                                                             PIE
                                                                                                                                                R 40
                                                                                                                                                    S




                                                                                                                  5)
                                                                                                                  )
                                                                                                              C(2
                                                                                                              A(4
                                                                             B(2 6)
                                                                              D(4 )
                                                                               A(1

                                                                                0)

                                              OVERALL: C(28)

                                          WASHINGTON                                                          D(41)                                  US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                                       GUARD
                                                                         D(42)
                                                                         D(43)
                                                                                                              C(24)
                                                                                                     D(43)




                                                                          a(0)
                                                                                                                           BOULEVARD
                                                                             E(58)
                                                                             A(2)




                                                  OVERALL: A(8)


                                                   NB                    D(35)
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP
                                                  FF R
                                                                                                     A(8)



                                                                                                                           COLUMBUS




                                                O
                                                                                                                                                  COMCAST
                                                                             E(63)
                                                                             C(20




                                              OVERALL: C(20)                                                 D(38)
                                              REED                                                           D(38)
                                              STREET                     D(41)
                                                                         D(42)
                                                                                                     E(68)
                                                                                                      A(4)




                                                                         C(34)
                                                                                                                           CHRISTOPHER
                                                                           C(30)
                                                                           A(2)




                                              OVERALL: A(9)
                                              DICKINSON                                                      D(36)
                                              STREET                                                                                              SITE
                                                                         C(35)
                                                                                                      A(6)
                                                                             C(20)
                                                                             D(42)




                                             OVERALL: C(24)                                                  C(22)
                                                                                                             D(44)
                                              TASKER
                                              STREET
                                                                         D(37)
                                                                                                      C(22)
                                                                                 A(3)
                                                                                 A(0)
                                                   STREET
                                                   WATER




                                                                                                                                  OVERALL: A(3)
                                                                                                              A( (26
                                                                                                                0) )
                                                                                                                C




                                                                 f(52)
                                         MORRIS
                                         STREET
                                                         d(28)




LEGEND
                                                                                             SWANSON
                                                                                             STREET




      - EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
A(#) - SIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
a(#) - UNSIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
     Orth - Rodgers   Associates, Inc.                                                                                                                                                FIGURE 32

    2010 Build Early Saturday Afternoon Peak Hour Levels of Service
    w/ Improvements w/ Dickinson Street Ramp
    Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia




                                                                                                             I-95
                                                                                                               ON




                                                                                                                                           E(5 )
                                                                                                                                                 8
                                                                                                                  NB




                                                                                                                                               9)
    PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




                                                                                                                   RAM




                                                                                                                                            C (2
                                                                                                                                                             OV




                                                                                                                       P
                                                                                                                                                               ER
                                                                                                                                                                 ALL




                                                                                 I-676 -95 SB O
                                                                                                                                                                    :




                                                                                   I-676
                                                                                                                                                        D(5                   B(1
                                                                                                                                                           0)                    8)




                                                                                       ON
     Early Afternoon (1:15 - 2:15)




                                                                                         /I
                                                                                                                                                          LOM
                                                                                                                                                              BAR




                                                                                                                           )
                                                                                                                                                                  D




                                                                                                                       A(7
                                                                                                                                                           CIR
                                                                                                                                                              CLE




                                                                                                                                                3)
                                                                                                FF




                                                                                                                                                )
                                                                                                                                            C(2
                                                                                                                                            A(2
                                                                                                          D(3
                                                                                                         B(1 7)                                         OV
                                                                                                            8)                                            ER
                                                              CHR                                                                                           ALL




                                                                                                                                             2)
                                                                 IS                                                                                            :      B(1
                                                             STR TIAN




                                                                                                                                             )
                                                                                                        D(4 )


                                                                                                                                         D(4
                                                                                                                                         A(6
                                                                                                                                                                         5)




                                                                                                             8
                                                                                                           7)
                                                                EET




                                                                                                         B(1
                                                                                                                                                  OV
                                                                                                                                    D(3             ER
                                                                                     D(5                                               7)             ALL
                                                                                    D(3 4)                                                               :   B(1
                                                                                                                                                                7)
                                                                                       7)                                                    PIE
                                                                                                                                                R 40
                                                                                                                                                    S




                                                                                                                  6)
                                                                                                                  )
                                                                                                              D(3
                                                                                                              A(9
                                                                             E(7 5)
                                                                              B(1 )
                                                                               A(0

                                                                                1)

                                              OVERALL: C(21)

                                          WASHINGTON                                                          D(50)                                  US COAST
                                          AVENUE                                                                                                       GUARD
                                                                         E(55)
                                                                         E(61)
                                                                                                              B(17)
                                                                                                     E(55)




                                                                          a(1)
                                                                                                                           BOULEVARD
                                                                             D(36)
                                                                             A(2)




                                                  OVERALL: A(8)


                                                   NB                    D(44)
                                              I-95
                                                       AMP                A(1)
                                                  FF R
                                                                                                     A(5)



                                                                                                                           COLUMBUS




                                                O
                                                                                                                                                  COMCAST
                                                                             C(32)
                                                                             C(30)




                                              OVERALL: C(29)                                                 F(88)
                                              REED                                                           D(54)
                                              STREET                     E(57)
                                                                         E(58)
                                                                                                     E(66)
                                                                                                      A(9)




                                                                         D(44)
                                                                                                                           CHRISTOPHER
                                                                           C(32)
                                                                           A(4)




                                            OVERALL: B(13)
                                              DICKINSON                                                      D(43)
                                              STREET                                                                                              SITE
                                                                         D(45)
                                                                                                      A(6)
                                                                             D(44)
                                                                             F(90)




                                             OVERALL: E(71)                                                  C(27)
                                                                                                             F(157)
                                              TASKER
                                              STREET
                                                                         D(51)
                                                                                                      C(34)
                                                                                 A(5)
                                                                                  A(0)
                                                   STREET
                                                   WATER




                                                                                                                                  OVERALL: A(3)
                                                                                                              A( (28
                                                                                                                0) )
                                                                                                                C




                                                                 f(94)
                                         MORRIS
                                         STREET
                                                        f(193)




                                                                                             SWANSON




LEGEND
                                                                                             STREET




      - EXISTING TRAFFIC SIGNAL
A(#) - SIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
a(#) - UNSIGNALIZED LEVEL OF SERVICE (DELAY IN SECONDS)
                                       Table XVI
                    Comparison of Existing and Phase II Peak Hour
               Intersection Levels of Service along Columbus Boulevard
                       Assuming the Dickinson Street Off-Ramp

                                                   Existing                  Phase II
            Intersection                   Friday        Saturday    Friday        Saturday
Lombard Circle/I-95 NB On-Ramp              B (12)          B (16)    B (12)          B (18)
I-676 On & I-676/95 SB Off Ramp             C (22)          C (26)   B (16)           B (15)
Christian Street                            C (30)          C (24)    B (17)          B (17)
Washington Avenue                          F (105)          E (61)    C (28)          C (21)
I-95 Ramp NB Off Ramp                      B (14)           B (14)    A (8)           A (8)
Reed Street                                C (27)           D (44)   C (20)           C (29)
Dickinson Street                             N/A             N/A      A (9)           B (13)
Tasker Street                               A (9)           B (20)    C (24)          E (71)
Morris Street                                N/A             N/A      A (3)           A (4)

Sum Total Intersection Delay                219            205         137           195




        As shown in the table, the total intersection delay is projected to decrease from 219
seconds per vehicle to 137 seconds per vehicle, (37%), during the Friday peak hour and from
205 seconds per vehicle to 195 seconds per vehicle, (5%), during the Saturday peak hour. At
the critical intersection of Washington Avenue and Columbus Boulevard the Level of Ser-
vice is calculated to improve to ‘C’ during both peak hours. This meets the mandate of im-
proving conditions so that even with construction of the proposed casino, traffic conditions
will be better that existing conditions.




Complementary Transportation Improvements


        While the level of improvement associated with the previously described actions can
be quantified, other equally significant mitigation measures are integral to the Transporta-
tion Improvement Program. These complementary improvements are described below:




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                       Page 62
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                    May 15, 2006
Implement Changeable Message Signage To Route Motorists To The Least Con-
gested Route To The Site


        Travel to/from the casino site is very convenient via the regional highway networks.
I-676 and I-95 have on/off ramps within ½ mile of the site. The Benjamin Franklin Bridge
(I-676, 1.8 mile north of the site) and the Walt Whitman Bridge (I-76, 1.5 mile south of the
site) from New Jersey both have direct connections to I-95. Figure 33 illustrates the routes
of approach from the interstate highways.

        Traffic from the north on I-95, from the west on I-676, and from the Ben Franklin
Bridge would approach on I-95 South. This traffic would exit at Exit 20 (Penn’s Landing,
Washington Avenue) and turn right on Columbus Boulevard and travel south to the site.

        Traffic from the south on I-95 and from the Walt Whitman Bridge will approach on
I-95 North, exit at Exit 20 (Washington Avenue, Penn’s Landing), turn right and travel
south to the site.

        The return route to the interstate highways is illustrated on Figure 34. An on-ramp
to I-676 / I-76 (which also provides route to the Ben Franklin Bridge) is located on Colum-
bus Boulevard north of Washington Avenue. Two blocks north of that ramp is the on-ramp
to I-95 North. The on-ramp to I-95 South is south of the site. Exiting traffic destined to I-
95 South or the Walt Whitman Bridge would turn left out of the site, travel south on Co-
lumbus Boulevard a short distance to Morris Street, and turn right. The I-95 South on-
ramp connects with Morris Street and provides a direct connection to the Walt Whitman
Bridge.

        The great majority, but not all, traffic will approach the site via the interstate high-
ways. Some traffic from Center City as well as some neighborhood traffic will travel east to
Columbus Boulevard on city streets such as Spring Garden Street, Race Street or Washing-
ton Avenue.

        The interstate highway exit ramps in closest proximity to the casino site are located
north of the site. A high percentage of arriving auto traffic is therefore expected to ap-
proach from the north and turn left into the site. Since this section of Columbus Boulevard
is already heavily traveled and subject to some peak hour congestion, some motorists might
choose to use another route if the alternate route information is avail-




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                         Page 63
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                      May 15, 2006
          Orth - Rodgers                                               Associates, Inc.
          TRANSPORTATION                   ENGINEERS                    and           PLANNERS                                                                                                                                            FIGURE 33
          Routes of Approach to the Casino Site
          Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia
          PHILADELPHIA, PA

Callowhill St

                                                                                                                                                                                                                 LEGEND:
                                                                                                                                     Ben Franklin                                                                                         SOUTH
               Chinatown
 Race St
                                                                                                                                         Bridge                                                                                           NORTH
 Arch St                                   Old City




                                                                                                                                                                                    5th St
 Market St                                                                                                                                                                                                                            FROM BRIDGES

                                                                                                                                                                                             Camden
                                                                                                        Christopher Columbus




                                                                                                                                         Ferry




                                                                                                                                                                                              Broadway
                                                                                                                                                                    NJ State




                                                                                                                                                                                                         PAT
 Spruce St                                                                                                                                                          Aquarium
                                                                                                                               Penn’s




                                                                                                                                                                                                            CO
                                                    Society Hill                                                               Landing
 Pine St

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ha
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       dd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            on
                                                                                                                Blvd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Av
               10th St
     11th St


                         9th St




                                           6th St
                                                     5th St
                                                              4th St




                                                                                                                                                    D E L AW
                                                                                                                                                       ARE R




 Washin                                                          Queen
               gton Av                                           Village
                                                                                                                                                             IVER
                                                                           ng Av
                                                                              nsi
                                                                       Moyame
        v




                                                                                                                   Casino
      kA
       n




                                                                                                                   Site
                                                                 Pennsport
    yu
  ss
Pa




                                                                                                                                         Ch




 Snyder Av
                                                                                                                                          ri s
                                                                                                                                              top
                                  7th St




                                                                                             Front St
                                                                                    2nd St
                                                              4th St




                                                                                                                                              he
                                                                                                                                                    rC
                                                                                                                                                       olu
                                                                                                                                                           mb
                                                                                                                                                               us
                                                                                                                                                                    Bl
                                                                                                                                                                    vd




 Oregon Av




                                                                                                                                                                               Walt Whitman

                                                                                                                                                                                 Bridge



 Patison Av
          Orth - Rodgers                                               Associates, Inc.
          TRANSPORTATION                   ENGINEERS                    and           PLANNERS                                                                                                                                              FIGURE 34
          Routes of Departure from the Casino Site
          Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia
          PHILADELPHIA, PA

Callowhill St

                                                                                                                                                                                                          LEGEND:
                                                                                                                                     Ben Franklin                                                                     TO                  NORTH
               Chinatown
 Race St
                                                                                                                                          Bridge                                                                      TO                  SOUTH
 Arch St                                   Old City
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      TO                  WEST




                                                                                                                                                                                     5th St
 Market St                                                                                                                                                                                                            TO BRIDGES

                                                                                                                                                                                              Camden
                                                                                                        Christopher Columbus




                                                                                                                                          Ferry




                                                                                                                                                                                               Broadway
                                                                                                                                                                     NJ State




                                                                                                                                                                                                              PAT
 Spruce St                                                                                                                                                           Aquarium
                                                                                                                               Penn’s




                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CO
                                                    Society Hill                                                               Landing
 Pine St

                                                                                                                                         To I-95 North                                                                Ha
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           dd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                on
                                                                                                                Blvd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Av
               10th St
     11th St


                         9th St




                                           6th St
                                                     5th St
                                                              4th St




                                                                                                                                                     D E L AW




                                                                                                                                     To I-676, I-76,
                                                                                                                                     Ben Franklin Bridge
                                                                                                                                                        ARE R




 Washin                                                          Queen
               gton Av                                           Village
                                                                                                                                                              IVER
                                                                           ng Av
                                                                              nsi
                                                                       Moyame
        v




                                                                                                                   Casino
      kA
       n




                                                                                                                   Site
                                                                 Pennsport
    yu
  ss




                                                                                                                                           To I-95,
Pa




                                                                                                                                           Walt Whitman Bridge
                                                                                                                                          Ch




 Snyder Av
                                                                                                                                           ri s
                                                                                                                                               top
                                  7th St




                                                                                             Front St
                                                                                    2nd St
                                                              4th St




                                                                                                                                               he
                                                                                                                                                     rC
                                                                                                                                                        olu
                                                                                                                                                            mb
                                                                                                                                                                us
                                                                                                                                                                     Bl
                                                                                                                                                                     vd




 Oregon Av




                                                                                                                                                                                Walt Whitman

                                                                                                                                                                                  Bridge



 Patison Av
able and if the travel time is similar. To the extent that traffic can be encouraged to ap-
proach the Casino site from the south on Columbus Boulevard rather than from the north,
overall traffic operations can be significantly improved.

        Alternative routes from I-676, I-95 and the bridges are illustrated on Figure 35.
Traffic from the north (I-676, I-95 South, Ben Franklin Bridge) could continue on I-95
South past Exit 20 to the next exit, Exit 19. Traffic would follow the ramp leading to Front
Street. Traffic which arrives at Front Street would turn left, travel to Oregon Avenue, turn
right and travel to Columbus Boulevard, turn left and travel north to the site. Compared
with using Exit 20, the difference in distance is 3 miles. The difference in travel time is ap-
proximately five minutes.

        Traffic from the Walt Whitman Bridge can also exit to Front Street rather than I-95
North. This traffic would turn left on Front Street and follow the same path to the site de-
scribed above. Compared with using Exit 20, the difference in distance from the Walt
Whitman Bridge is 0.2 miles and the difference in travel time is approximately two min-
utes.

        For traffic approaching from the south on I-95, the closest off-ramp south of the ca-
sino site leads to Packer Avenue. The alternate route would utilize Packer Avenue to 7th
Street, north on 7th Street to Oregon Avenue, a right turn on Oregon Avenue to travel to
Columbus Boulevard, and a left on Columbus Boulevard to travel north to the site. This
alternate route is somewhat longer; the differential in distance compared with remaining
on I-95 North to Exit 20 is 1.4 miles; the differential in travel time is approximately six
minutes.

        The difference in travel time between using the closest exit ramp and using the al-
ternate route assumes an average overall travel speed of 25 mph on the city streets (includ-
ing delays at traffic signals). Any congestion on Columbus Boulevard north of the site
would reduce the travel time differential and make the alternate route more attractive.

        The key is to make the information available to casino patrons, and to the extent
possible, encourage use of Exit 19 rather than Exit 20.

        Traffic from New Jersey, regardless of location of origin, can choose to use either the
Ben Franklin or the Walt Whitman Bridge to travel to the site. Interstate




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                        Page 66
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
          Orth - Rodgers                                               Associates, Inc.
          TRANSPORTATION                   ENGINEERS                    and           PLANNERS                                                                                                                                                 FIGURE 35
          Alternate Routes of Approach to the Casino Site
          Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia
          PHILADELPHIA, PA

Callowhill St

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      LEGEND:
                                                                                                                                          Ben Franklin                                                                                     FROM THE NORTH
               Chinatown
 Race St
                                                                                                                                              Bridge                                                                                       FROM THE SOUTH
                                                                                                        From the South

 Arch St                                   Old City




                                                                                                                                                                                         5th St
 Market St


                                                                                                                                                                                                  Camden
                                                                                                             Christopher Columbus




                                                                                                                                              Ferry




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Broadway
                                                                                                                                                                         NJ State




                                                                                                                                                                                                              PAT
 Spruce St                                                                                                                                                               Aquarium
                                                                                                                                    Penn’s




                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CO
                                                    Society Hill                                                                    Landing
 Pine St

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ha
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            dd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 on
                                                                                                                     Blvd




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Av
               10th St
     11th St


                         9th St




                                           6th St
                                                     5th St
                                                              4th St




                                                                                                                                                         D E L AW
                                                                                                                                                            ARE R




 Washin                                                          Queen
               gton Av                                           Village
                                                                                                                                                                  IVER
                                                                           ng Av
                                                                              nsi
                                                                       Moyame
        v




                                                                                                                        Casino
      kA
       n




                                                                                                                        Site
                                                                 Pennsport
    yu
  ss
Pa




                                                                                                                                              Ch




 Snyder Av
                                                                                                                                               ri s
                                                                                                                                                   top
                                  7th St




                                                                                             Front St
                                                                                    2nd St
                                                              4th St




                                                                                                                                                   he
                                                                                                                                                         rC
                                                                                                                                                            olu
                                                                                                                                                                mb
                                                                                                                                                                    us
                                                                                                                                                                         Bl
                                                                                                                                                                         vd




 Oregon Av


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                From
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                North or South
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                via I-295 to I-76
                                                                                                                                                                                    Walt Whitman

                                                                                                                                                                                      Bridge



 Patison Av
routes I-676 and I-295 in New Jersey run north south and provide interchanges with high-
ways to both bridges.

        It is noted that the shopping destinations further south on Columbus Boulevard
(Wal-Mart, Home Depot, IKEA, Lowe’s) all provide directions on their websites via I-95 us-
ing the ramps to the north of the casino site. These stores are located further to the south.
While the website route is the shortest in terms of distance, the differential in travel dis-
tance and time between the website route and the alternate route is even less for these des-
tinations than it is for the casino. Diverting some portion of shopping traffic to routes that
approach the stores from the south would further serve to improve existing conditions on
Columbus Boulevard north of the casino site.




Provide Extra Queuing Areas On Site To Eliminate Any Chance Of Traffic Spill-
ing Back Onto Columbus Boulevard


        It is currently anticipated that direct access to the site will be provided via three
points on Columbus Boulevard:

                        At Reed Street
                        Opposite Dickinson Street
                        At Tasker Street

        Site access via Reed Street will most likely utilize two eastbound lanes, with the
right lane directed to the porte-cochere and the left lane serving the Comcast Facility and,
in the future, the proposed hotel and condominiums. Once into the site, the first decision
point is some 400 feet from Columbus Boulevard and the first time a vehicle will need to
stop is another 100 feet at the porte-cochere area.

        At the Dickinson Street access, two lanes of traffic enter the site with both lanes
destined either to the parking garage or to the porte-cochere. The parking garage is more
than 200 feet into the site and the porte-cochere some 160 feet. The porte-cochere provides
a total of seven lanes and is of sufficient width to accommodate the demand for valet park-
ing.

        Tasker Street will be widened to serve both site access and egress as well as bus
traffic while also providing for service traffic at the site and at the adjacent retail center.



Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                        Page 68
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                     May 15, 2006
Buses will enter and exit the site via Tasker Street and will have a separate parking area
to the rear of the site as will service traffic. Traffic to the parking facility will enter the fa-
cility about 200 feet from Columbus Boulevard.

        On-site parking will provide 4,500 spaces for Phase I and ultimately 6,000 spaces by
completion of Phase II with the majority of patrons expected to enter and exit the parking
garage via the Dickinson and Tasker access points. On-site circulation will permit move-
ment between the casino porte-cochere, valet parking, the hotel lobby and the parking ga-
rage without using public streets.




Water Taxi to the Camden side of the Delaware River


        Water taxis would provide an attractive alternate mode of transportation between
Pier 60 at the casino site and entertainment activities/locations on both sides of the Dela-
ware River. In addition, it will allow patrons/visitors to park and use the water taxi to
travel between different venues – thus reducing vehicular traffic.




Coordination with SEPTA and Tour Bus Operators


        As noted earlier, there is some existing SEPTA bus service along Columbus Boule-
vard. The possibility of increasing the frequency of existing service, providing new bus
routes, and/or providing some amenities for transit riders will be evaluated as planning
continues. In addition, some layover provisions could be needed at the site and will be pro-
vided as required. This will also be discussed with SEPTA as site planning continues.

        The railroad right of way along Columbus Boulevard also provides a longer-range
future possibility for trolley, light rail or monorail service to link the various retail activities
and entertainment venues along the Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor’.

        Finally, Foxwoods Casino - Philadelphia proposed to operate a tour bus program. A
tour bus facility will be provided at the rear of the Tasker Street access. It is intended that
buses would drop off customers, exit the site to layover at some off-site location, then return
to pick up patrons.


Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                             Page 69
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                          May 15, 2006
Off-Site Parking and Shuttle Bus Service for Employees



        It is possible that some parking -- particularly for employees -- could be provided off-
site with shuttle bus service providing connection with the site. Potential locations for off-
site parking will be evaluated as the planning effort proceeds.




Meeting the Mandate



        The results of implementation of the improvement program as outlined in terms of
overall intersection delay experienced along the Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor’ from
Lombard Circle to Morris Street are illustrated in Figure 36. As shown, compared to exist-
ing conditions, overall peak hour ‘corridor’ delay will be reduced by 32 % on Fri days and by
16 % on Saturdays in 2008 (with Phase I) and by 37 % on Fridays and by 5 % on Saturdays
in 2010 with Phase II and the proposed new southbound I-95 off-ramp at Dickinson Street.

        This analysis has clearly shown that the mandate has been met and traffic condi-
tions along the Columbus Boulevard ‘corridor’ will be better than they are today with im-
plementation of the transportation program.




Final Traffic Impact Assessment                                                          Page 70
Foxwoods Casino – Philadelphia                                                       May 15, 2006
                                                         Figure 36
                                           Overall Intersection Peak Hour Delay
                                                  Columbus Boulevard Corridor
                                             between Lombard Circle and Morris Street
                                          Fridays                                                                     Saturdays
                              (between 3:00 p.m. and 4:00 p.m.)                                             (between 1:00 p.m. and 2:00 p.m.
                          4
Delay per Vehicle (min)




                                                                                                       4




                                                                             Delay per Vehicle (min)
                          3                                                                            3

                          2                                                                            2

                          1                                                                            1

                          0                                                                            0
                              Existing     Phase I 2008     Phase II 2010                                  Existing        Phase I       Phase II 2010
                                                              with new                                                                     with new
                                                            southbound I-                                                                southbound I-
                                                            95 off-ramp at                                                               95 off-ramp at
                                                              Dickinson                                                                    Dickinson
                                                                Street                                                                       Street