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					                              LIFE Project Number
                           LIFE03 ENV/S/000589
                        TECHNICAL INTERIM REPORT
                                 Reporting Date
                                 08/07/2005
                             LIFE PROJECT NAME
Regular Recycling of Wood Ash to Prevent Waste Production
                          RecAsh
                                  Data Project
Project location              Sweden and Finland
Project start date:           01/08/2003
Project end date:             31/12/2006 Extension date: <dd/mm/yyyy >
Total Project duration        41 months Extension months <XX> months)
(in months)
Total budget                  € 1 714 892
EC contribution:              € 853 370
(%) of total costs            49,76 %
(%) of eligible costs         50 %

                                Data Beneficiary
Name Beneficiary              Skogsvaardsstyrelsen Vaermland-Oerebro
Contact person                Mr. Lars Andersson
Postal address                Box 387, S-651 09 Karlstad, Sweden
Visit address                 Drottninggatan 40, S-651 09 Karlstad, Sweden
Telephone                     + 46 54 14 56 00 direct n° + 46 54 14 56 27
Fax:                          + 46 14 56 99
E-mail                        lars.andersson@svsst.svo.se
Website                       www.svo.se www.recash.info
1.      LIST OF CONTENT

1.      LIST OF CONTENT ..........................................................................................................................2

2.      LIST OF KEY WORDS AND ABBRIVATION ..............................................................................3

3.      EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.................................................................................................................3

4.      INTRODUCTION...............................................................................................................................4

5.      LIFE-PROJECT FRAMEWORK.....................................................................................................6

6.      TECHNOLOGY..................................................................................................................................9

7.      PROGRESS & RESULTS................................................................................................................12
     7.1.       TASK 1. CASE STUDY OF REGULAR ASH RECYCLING SYSTEM ......................................................12
     7.2.       TASK 2. ASH RECYCLING HANDBOOK .........................................................................................13
     7.3.       TASK 3. ASH CLASSIFICATION STUDY .........................................................................................14
     7.4.       TASK 4. REGIONAL DEMONSTRATIONS OF ASH RECYCLING ........................................................14
     7.5.       TASK 5. NATIONAL DEMONSTRATIONS AND SEMINAR ................................................................16
     7.6.       TASK 6. EUROPEAN SEMINARS (WITH DEMONSTRATIONS)..........................................................16
     7.7.       TASK 7. EDUCATION OF PARTICIPANTS AND OTHER STAKE HOLDERS .........................................17
     7.8.       TASK 8. DISSEMINATION OF RESULTS .........................................................................................18
     7.9.       TASK 9. PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND REPORTING TO THE COMMISSION ....................................20
8.      DISSEMINATION ACTIVITIES AND DELIVERABLES..........................................................21
     8.1.       DISSEMINATION..........................................................................................................................21
     8.2.       NETWORKING .............................................................................................................................21
     8.3.       DELIVERABLES DURING 01/08/2003-31/05/2005 .......................................................................22
9.      EVALUATION AND CONCLUSIONS..........................................................................................23
     9.1.       THE PROCESS ..............................................................................................................................23
     9.2.       PROJECT MANAGEMENT..............................................................................................................23
     9.3.       TECHNICAL AND COMMERCIAL APPLICATION .............................................................................23
     9.4.       RESULT FOR POTENTIAL TARGET GROUPS ...................................................................................23
     9.5.       COMPARISON ON THE PROJECT-OBJECTIVES ...............................................................................23
     9.6.       ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFIT .........................................................................................................23
     9.7.       APPLICATION POSSIBILITIES .......................................................................................................24
     9.8.       INNOVATIVE ASPECTS .................................................................................................................24
     9.9.       EFFECTIVENESS OF DISSEMINATION ACTIVITIES .........................................................................24
     9.10.      JOB CREATION ............................................................................................................................24
     9.11.      RELEVANCE TO EU LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK ..........................................................................25
     9.12.      SUSTAINABILITY AND CONTINUATION OF THE PROJECT ..............................................................25
10.          INTERIM REPORT: PLANNED PROJECT PROGRESS.....................................................26
     10.1.      TASK 1. CASE STUDY OF REGULAR ASH RECYCLING SYSTEM ......................................................26
     10.2.      TASK 2. ASH RECYCLING HANDBOOK .........................................................................................26
     10.3.      TASK 3. ASH CLASSIFICATION STUDY .........................................................................................26
     10.4.      TASK 4. REGIONAL DEMONSTRATIONS OF ASH RECYCLING ........................................................26
     10.5.      TASK 5. NATIONAL DEMONSTRATIONS AND SEMINAR ................................................................27
     10.6.      TASK 6. EUROPEAN SEMINARS (WITH DEMONSTRATIONS)..........................................................27
     10.7.      TASK 7. EDUCATION OF PARTICIPANTS AND OTHER STAKE HOLDERS .........................................27
     10.8.      TASK 8. DISSEMINATION OF THE RESULTS ..................................................................................27
     10.9.      TASK 9. PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND REPORTING TO THE COMMISSION .....................................27




                                                                                 2
2.    LIST OF KEY WORDS AND ABBRIVATION

BASREC                 Baltic Sea Region Energy Co-operation

BFB                    Bubbling Fluidized Bed

CFB                    Circulating Fluidized Bed

FAO                    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

IEA                    International Energy Agency

ITEBE                  International association of bioenergy professionals and users
                       wood energy portal

NCM                    Nordic Council of Ministers

Wood-En-Man            WOOD FOR ENERGY - a contribution to the development of
                       sustainable forest management


3.    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

At present, the extraction of harvest residues is predicted to increase in Sweden and
Finland. As an effect of the intensified harvest, the export of nutrients and acid buffering
substances from the growth site is also increased. Wood ash could be used to compensate
forest soils for such losses. Most wood fuel ash is today deposited in landfills. If the
wood ash is recycled, wood energy is produced without any significant waste production.
Ash recycling would therefore contribute to decreasing the production of waste, and to
maintaining the chemical quality of forest waters and biological productivity of forest
soils in the long term.

The project will develop, analyse and demonstrate at least two regular ash-recycling
systems. It will also distribute knowledge gathered about motives for ash recycling as
well as technical and administrative solutions through a range of media (handbooks,
workshops, field demonstrations, reports, web page and information videos). Hopefully,
the project will contribute to decreasing waste problems related to bio-energy production
in the EU at large.

The project is organised as a separate structure at the beneficiary and is divided in four
geographically defined subprojects, one in Finland and three in Sweden (Central Sweden,
Northern Sweden, and South-western Sweden). The work in each subproject is lead by a
subproject leader. Each subproject has organised a regional reference group. A project
steering committee has been established consisting of senior officials from all concerned
partners.




                                                3
The project has nine main tasks with the following main expected deliverables and
output:

1. Development of two complete full-scale ash-recycling systems
2. Production of handbooks of the ash recycling system
3. Ash classification study to support national actions for recommendations
4. Organise regional demonstrations of various technical options for ash treatment and
spreading
5. Organise national seminars and demonstrations of ash recycling systems
6. Organise European seminars to introduce ash recycling from a European point of view
7. Education on complete ash-recycling systems for stakeholders and potential market
actors
8. Dissemination of the project activities and results
9. Project management and reporting to the commission

The main problem encountered has concerned the national funding in Finland. A request
for partnership and budget modification was sent at 28/02/2005. The request was
approved and one additional partner has been included in Finland, starting from
01/04/2005.


4.   INTRODUCTION

An increasing combustion of wood fuels leads to an increased production of wood fuel
ash. It is estimated that nowadays the annual production of wood ash reaches 300 000
tons in Sweden and 100 000 tons in Finland alone. Most of this ash is deposited in
landfills. It is also predicted that the extraction of harvest residues will increase both in
Sweden and Finland. Currently in Sweden extraction is performed on an area equal to 30
000 ha per year with a tendency to increase. Intense wood harvesting leads to an
increased export of nutrients and acid buffering substances from the growth sites, which
in certain areas requires compensational remedial actions.

Both of these problems could be solved at least partly by regular recycling of the wood
ash and the scientific verification of spreading it in the forestlands.

The aim of the project is to create the conditions for regular recycling of wood ash – ash
from fuels originating from forests − to forestland. Such a recycling method will be in
line with the provisions of the Sixth Environment Action programme 2010: Our future,
our choice.

The expected results will be achieved by at least two effective ash recycling methods,
which will be developed throughout the project. It is planned to gather and analyze
existing knowledge on ash recycling in Northern Europe, select, develop, test and have a
full-scale demonstration of two working methods. The project will also include an ash-
classification study, the publication of handbooks and a dynamic dissemination strategy.

During the first year, the project had a regional focus, which includes case studies as well
as demonstrations for local and regional stakeholders, gathering and systematise the
knowledge of regular systems, testing small-scale system solutions, start an ash-
classification study. During the second year, the perspective will widen. The systems will
be continuously working and demonstrations and seminars will concentrate on national
stakeholders including education of the stakeholders. During the third year, the results of

                                                 4
the project will be distributed to other European countries through international seminars
at which the regular ash-recycling systems will be demonstrated.

This will lead to increased production and spreading of stabilised ash on forestland and a
decreased fraction of wood-fuel ash in landfills.

The expected environmental benefits from the project include the prevention of waste,
sustainable consumption of energy, optimised nutrient balance and buffering capacity of
forest soil, optimized content of acid alkalinity and aluminium in water.




                                               5
5.       LIFE-PROJECT FRAMEWORK

           Start date/End date             Task name




                                                                                                    Done
Task N:o
           Main Output                     Deliverables
           01/08/2003-31/12/2006           Case study of regular ash recycling system               !
     1     Two complete full-scale ash-    Case study evaluation report                             "
           recycling systems               Case study documentation report                          !
           01/10/2003-01/08/2006           Ash recycling handbook                                   !
                                           Preliminary Swedish Handbook version ready for review    "
                                            Swedish Handbook Seminar version                        "
     2     National and International
           handbooks
                                           Swedish Handbook modified after National seminars        !
                                           Final national handbook versions printed                 !
                                           Final international Handbook version printed             !
           01/10/2003-01/09/2006           Ash classification study                                 !
           Ash classification study to     Proposal for modification of Swedish recommendations.    "
     3
           support national actions for    Ash quality studies implemented.                         "
           recommendations                 Report from ash fraction study                           !
           01/10/2003-31/12/2005           Regional demonstrations of ash recycling                 !
           Regional demonstrations of      Report/Evaluation of the demonstrations                  !
     4
           various technical options for   Synthesis of regional demonstrations                     !
           ash treatment and spreading     Report from Finnish demonstration                        !
           01/10/2003-31/08/2006           National demonstrations and seminars                     !
           National seminars and           Feedback on the work with the handbooks.                 !
     5
           demonstrations of ash           Reports from the seminar in Västra Götaland              !
           recycling systems               Report from seminar in Mellannorrland.                   !
           01/01/2005-01/10/2006           European seminars (with demonstrations)                  !
     6     European seminars to            Report from the seminar in Central Europe                !
           introduce ash recycling         Report from the final international seminar in Sweden    !
           01/08/2003-31/08/2006           Education of participants and other stakeholders         !
           Education on complete ash-      Swedish education material package                       "
     7     recycling systems for           Finnish education material package                       "
           stakeholders and potential      English education material package                       !
           market actors                   Education evaluation report                              !
           01/08/2003-31/12/2006           Dissemination of the results                             !
                                           Documentation from state of the art seminar.             "
                                           Swedish version of the video                             "
     8     Dissemination of the project    Finnish version of the video                             "
           activities and results          Information folders (1of 3)                              "
                                           Project awareness and project result delivery (1 of 3)   "
                                           English version of the video.                            !
           01/08/2003-31/12/2006           Project management and reporting to the commission       !
                                           Definitive project-plan                                  "
                                           1st Progress report                                      "
                                           2nd Progress report                                      "
     9     Project management and          3rd Progress report                                      "
           reporting to the commission     Interim report                                           "
                                           4th Progress report                                      !
                                           5th Progress report                                      !
                                           Final Report                                             !




                                                     6
Beneficiary

The Regional Forestry Board of region ST (RFB-ST)
RFB-ST is the regional forest authority of two counties, Vaermland and Oerebro, in
central Sweden. The regional forestry boards are responsible for extension and
implementation of national forest legislation and policies.

Partners

 Jyvaeskylaen Teknologiakeskus Oy/BENET network (JSP)
 JSP (Jyväskylä Science Park) is a science park organisation, which promotes business
opportunities for companies utilising new knowledge and technology. JSP also manages
the BENET Bioenergy network.

The Regional Forestry Board of region VG (RFB-VG). RFB-VG is the regional forest
authority of Vaestra Goetaland, a county in south-western Sweden, same duties as RFB-
ST above.

The Regional Forestry Board of region MN (RFB-MN). RFB-MN is the regional forest
authority of Jaemtland and Vaesternorrland, two counties in northern Sweden, same
duties as RFB-ST above.

The National Board of Forestry (NBF).
NBF is the Swedish national authority with responsibility for extension and
implementation of national forest legislation and policies. For certain issues, NBF co-
ordinates certain duties of the regional forestry boards.

The County Administrative Board of Vaermland (CAB-V)
Government authority with administrative duties within the county in nature
conservation and environment protection, civil defence and emergency, social welfare,
communications, agriculture, culture etc. and the responsibility for ensuring that the
county's development proceeds to facilitate the achievement of national goals.

Sveaskog Foervaltning AB (SVEASKOG).
The company that manages all of the Swedish State forest. Large forest owner and wood
fuel supplier.

Former “Vaermlandsvaerme AB (VVAB)”, now a part of Forum Vaerme. New name:
AB Fortum Vaerme/Vaermlandsvaerme (short name still VVAB). Energy producing
company and ash producer. Owner of the waste problem.

New partner from 01/04/2005 after approved request for modification of project
partnership and project budget: VTT Processes (VTT)
VTT Processes is one of the six research institutes of VTT, an governmental contract
research organisation focuses in research, development and demonstration services for
energy and forest clusters aiming to develop efficient an environmentally sound energy
and process technologies.

Project organisation

The project is organised as a separate structure at the beneficiary and is divided in four
geographically defined subprojects, one in Finland and three in Sweden (Central Sweden,
Northern Sweden, and South-western Sweden). The work in each subproject is lead by a
                                               7
manager (part-time). Each subproject has organised a regional reference group (appendix
1). The project manager, the managers for each subproject and the mangers for each
partner constitutes a project group co-ordinating the activities, figure 5.1.

The project manager is also reporting to an established project steering committee
consisting of senior officials from all partners (appendix 2).

Figure 5.1.        RecAsh organisation table




        Organisation table.

                                         Steering committee:
                                         Chairman: Jonas Enström RFB-ST




                                         Project Manager:
                                         Lars Andersson RFB-ST                      Project group

                                                                              Financial and Administrative
                     Technical experts:                                       Assistance: Carina Asker &
                     Hillevi Eriksson NBF                                     Gunde Eriksson RFB-ST
                     Johan Mannheimer CAB-S


              Subproject: Finland:        Subproject: South-        Subproject:               Subprojekt:
              Manager:                    western Sweden            Central Sweden:           Nothern Sweden:
              Tytti Laitinen JSP          Manager: Anna             Manager: Stig             Manager: Sören Hägg
                                          Wallstedt RFB-VG          Emilsson RFB-ST           RFB-MN

                              VTT                         VVAB
                              Tuulikki                    Jonas Torstensson
                              Lindh                       Sveaskog
       Ref.                                               Johan Svensson
      Group                                                                                                     Ref.
                                                                                                               Group
                                      Ref.                                                 Ref.
                                     Group                                                Group


              Project Staff               Project Staff             Project Staff             Project Staff

              External Assistance         External Assistance       External Assistance       External Assistance




The project manager is responsible for co-ordinating all tasks. The partners with the main
responsibility for each task are mentioned below. All partners are more or less involved
in all tasks.

1. Case study of regular ash recycling system (RFB-ST, VTT)
2. Ash recycling handbook (RFB-ST, VTT, JSP)
3. Ash classification study (VTT)
4. Regional demonstrations of ash recycling (RFB-ST, RFB-VG, RFB-MN, JSP, VTT)
5. National demonstrations and seminars (VTT, JSP, RFB-VG, RFB-MN)
6. European seminars (with demonstrations) (RFB-ST)
7. Education of participants and other stakeholders (RFB-VG)
8. Dissemination of the results (RFB-ST, RFB-VG, RFB-MN, JSP)
9. Project management and reporting to the commission (RFB-ST, RFB-VG, RFB-MN,
JSP)



                                                                        8
6.    TECHNOLOGY

The project objectives will be achieved by; gathering and analysing knowledge about
potential technical, logistic and administrative solutions for regular ash recycling in
northern Europe. Develop, document and demonstrate at least two regular ash-recycling
systems and discuss options for part system solutions with the potential market actors.
Analyse and demonstrate techniques and systems; distribute the knowledge gathered
about motives for ash recycling and technical and administrative solutions through a
range of media (handbooks, workshops, field demonstrations, reports, web page). All
tasks are combined and the deliverables, achieved output and the time frame is
interacting, one task output is input to another and vice versa (appendix 3).

Ash recycling systems

 The ash-recycling systems is organised as regular systems in all aspects, including
developed part systems for ash storage, production of hardened products, ash product
testing and storage, transport, forest owner and authority contacts, spreading, and long-
term documentation. The partners in the project have supplied know-how, contacts with
forest owners and the extra manpower needed to get the systems started and running. Our
aim has been that the systems should be organised and conducted by the companies
involved and entrepreneurs in a way that maximises the chance for the systems to
continue working after the project is finished.

Figure 6.1.              Ash recycling system description



                                                                        Spreading with
                                     Granulation
                                                                        Forwarder
                                                        Dumping on
                                                        rubber cloth
     Raw Ash (right                                                     Spreading with
                                    Selfhardening
     chemical content)                                                  Tractor

                                                            Container

                                                                        Spreading with
                                    Compactation
                                                                        Helicopter




The figure shows the alternative ways of the established system depending on different
situations and aspects.

Methodology used with the project

The principal idea of the project has been to cover the entire chain from biofuel
extraction, ash production, and ash recycling as well as important agency/ authority
contacts to study the system (task 1), localize the bottlenecks, suggest and test ways of
improvement. The work is divided along the lines of the various steps in the chain –
forest fuels extraction, ash production, spreading of ash, and contact with authorities.
Initial values that describe the situation before the start of the project has been collected
and included under the respective captions. In addition, the actors and their systems are
described. The results during implementation through to the conclusion of 2004 as well
as identified bottlenecks are described in the case study evaluation report (appendix 4).
Every section concludes with a presentation of remedial measures that are planned in
                                                        9
order to improve the system and remove bottlenecks. These can be measures within or
outside the case study.

The case study in Finland has been the study of development needs in the ash
management process. The study has included the identification of difficult stages in the
ash recycling chain, and of potential solutions for decreasing / removing these
difficulties. The process has been developed in the municipality of Eno in Northern
Karelia, Finland, where bark ash has been granulated in the granulation plant since 1997.

Figure 6.2          Operating principle of the granulation plant




                                     Water
                                                                                Ash silo

                                     Mixer
             Pit                                             Screw
                                                                               Unloading
                                       Belt
                                                                               straight to
    Plate granulator                                                            the truck

                                Drum granulator
             Belt                                                    Interchangea
                                                                      ble platform
                                                      Belt             or tractor


Figure 6.2 shows the operating principle of the granulation plant. The plant is placed next
to the bark boiler plant at the pulp mill area. The loose ash coming to the granulation
process is weighted, needed amount of water is added and the mixture is homogenised
with the mixer. From the mixer the ash is conveyed to the plate granulator and further to
the post granulation equipment. From the after granulator the ash is conveyed to the
interchangeable platform with which the ash is transported to the storage area to harden.
The storage area is an uncovered area and it is placed 200m from the granulation plant.
The truck moving around the mill area empties the interchangeable platform within its
other work.

The evaluation report will now give feedback on the work with the handbooks (task 2)
and it may result in modifications of the ash recycling systems.

The national demonstrations and seminars (task 5) are intended to broaden the basis, and
ensure the quality of the handbooks together with the review process. In connection with
demonstrations and seminars, the working material will be presented, scrutinised and
revised until it forms a complete and useful handbook. When the handbooks are complete
in both versions, they will be combined into a version with a broader perspective and
translated to English. The international version will be presented on an international
seminar (task 6) and be distributed to branch organisations in the EU.

Suggestions for quality criteria for recyclable wood ash for Finland (task 3) will be based
on the relevant legislation, results from research on ecological effects of ash application,
knowledge about element input/output budgets, etc. The existing Swedish
recommendations will be analysed in relation to recent research results. The elemental
                                                    10
composition of the various fly ashes is analysed with standard techniques. The results
will be used to determine which fractions meet the suggested criteria (fine-particle
fractions contain higher concentrations of cadmium).

Regional demonstrations (task 4) has been organised as full-day events in the field at a
site where ash spreading has been conducted, in some cases using half a day for
demonstrating ash stabilisation techniques. At these events we have present the
arguments why ash recycling is recommended in connection to extraction of harvest
residues and discussed how to sample, stabilise, store, transport and quality declare the
ash, how to organise contacts with authorities and landowners and choice of receiver
areas, and finally how to document each treatment. Moreover, economic aspects of
different techniques and choices have been analysed and discussed.

The National demonstrations and seminars (task 5) will demonstrate and follow up the
content of the handbooks produced in task 2, for example sampling, stabilising treatment,
storage and spreading of ash. The seminar with demonstration are organised as a unit,
where theory and practice has reinforce each other, the functions being integrated, and
have lasted for two days. All sections of the national seminars and demonstrations have
been open to observers from other regions, countries, and the stakeholders in the
concerned regions.

The demonstrations at the final European seminars (task 6) will follow and show in
practice the content of the handbooks produced in task 2, with the focus on techniques
new in the EU, but tested and analysed in Sweden and Finland. The aim of the seminar in
central Europe (in the Czech Republic) is also to encourage European stakeholders to
visit the final seminar in Sweden and the practical demonstrations of an ash recycling
system. The first seminar will last for two, and the second for four days, and practical and
theoretical aspects will be integrated.

The education dealing with the complete ash- recycling is organised by RFB-VG (task 7).
The courses, lasted for one or two days, has used visits to ash-spreading sites or the
regional demonstrations (task 4), when possible. If impossible, this section of the
continuous course will be replaced with educational videos or slide that clearly shows the
spreading and its effects on the surroundings. All section of the education has been open
to observers from other regions, countries, and the stakeholders in the regions concerned.
The main target groups have been local and regional stakeholders such as Regional
Forestry Board employees, administrators from other authorities, forest owners, wood
fuel companies, energy producers, entrepreneurs, and potential market actors.

Great importance have been the education of Regional Forestry Board employees
(foresters) to prepare them for educating and informing of forest owners and other
stakeholders as part of their regular advisory work. Some courses have been addressed to
mixed target groups in order to obtain more exchange of knowledge between the
participants and to create an integrated point of view on ash recycling. In Finland, the
Institute of National Resources have the education on relevant courses so it will not be a
“one-off” but continue on with a regular basis. During 2006 the results of the education
will be collected and the level of knowledge and need for further education will be
evaluated.

An information video has been produced in two versions, Swedish and Finnish
respectively. A website has been created where the handbooks (task 2) and the other
results from the project have been published. At the web site the project’s events has
                                                11
been advertised, such as demonstrations, seminars and education. There are also links to
documents of importance to the project and its targets, such as The Sixth Environment
Action Programme Environment 2010: Our choice - COM/2001/0031, Waste directive,
Water directive etc.

Articles have been written published in newspapers and branch periodicals. The project
will maintain close contact with the media: local/regional/national/international
newspapers will and have been has and will be contacted in connection with events.
Information folders has been produced and disseminated continuously during the project,
and used, for example, at demonstrations, meetings of forest owner, in education, and to
create an interest for the project.

Informal visits for the purpose of studying spreading with forest owners has been
organised by the regional forestry board in the regions concerned. These visits made use
of both our arranged demonstrations and existing commercial spreading. Handbooks,
demonstrations, seminars and education described in task 2,4,5,6,7 are of course
important tools for disseminating the results of the project.


7.       PROGRESS & RESULTS

7.1.      Task 1. Case study of regular ash recycling system

Task 1 Case study of regular ash recycling system
Action n:o/name                         Output                                 By whom    Compared with planned output
1. Organisation of two complete ash-
                                        Two system organised                   Sveaskog   Finalised
recycling systems
2. Starting up the systems              Recycling of ash >10 %                 Sveaskog   Finalised
                                                                               RFB-ST,
3. Evaluation of the systems            Case study evalutaion report                      Finalised
                                                                               JSP, VTT
4. Modification of the systems          Improved systems                       Sveaskog   Follows the schedule
5. Expanding the system to full scale   Recycling of ash >80%                  Sveaskog   Follows the schedule
6. Documentation of the systems         Case study documentation report        RFB-ST     Follows the schedule
                                                                               RFB -ST,
                                        Demonstration in other events, task-   RFB-MN,
7. Demonstration of the systems                                                           Follows the schedule
                                        5,6,7                                  RFB-VG,
                                                                               JSP, VTT




The Case study is divided in a Swedish and a Finnish part.

The Finnish approach on the case study differs a little from the Swedish. In Finland the
improvement of an existing ash recycling chain is emphasized while in Sweden the aim
is to organise, start up and develop a system to full scale.

The Case study in Finland in includes three cases:

     -    Mixed ash – how much peat ash can be mixed into wood ash in applications of
          forest fertilizer? In Finland most power and heating plants use mixed fuel of
          wood and peat. This is due to combustion technology. A lot of wood of lower
          heating value and high fouling tendency is used (for example branches etc.) and
          peat mixed in lowers the harmful effects of the wood.

     -    Combined sludge and ash recycling


                                                                 12
    -     Efficient logistics system for ash recycling and co-operation of the ash handling
          of smaller heating plants with existing pioneer systems.

The principal idea of the Swedish case study has been to cover the entire chain from
biofuel extraction (Sveaskog), ash production (VVAB), and ash recycling as well as
important agency/ authority contacts (RFB–ST,CAB-V) to study the system, localize the
bottlenecks, suggest and test ways of improvement. Since it has been problematic to
stabilize ash from Sannaverket (VVAB) the idea of incorporating other ash producers in
the case study arose quite early in the project. These are Karlstads Energi biofuel
furnace “Heden 2”, a CFB furnace as well as the bark furnace at the AssiDomän- owned
Frövi factory, a large BFB furnace. These ash producers participate on a voluntary basis
and have no economic connection to the project.

7.2.      Task 2. Ash recycling handbook
Task 2 Ash recycling handbook
Action n:o/name                            Output                                By whom        Compared with planned output
1. Revision of the draft handbook on
                                           Reviwed handbook                      All partners   Finalised
ash recycling
2. Adaptation to various national          Preliminary Swedish Handbook ready RFB-ST,
                                                                                                Finalised
conditions                                 for review                            NBF
3. Referral for consideration (review)     Feedback on the handbook              All partners   Finalised
4. Revision after referral for                                                   RFB-ST,
                                           Seminar version of handbook                          Finalised
consideration                                                                    NBF
5. Presentation at demonstrations and      Feedback on and official introduction
                                                                                 RFB-ST         Follows the schedule
seminars                                   of the handbook
6. Translation and creation of a Finnish
                                           Adapted Finnish handbook              JSP, VTT       Follows the schedule
handbook
7.Revision after seminars                  Final draft version                   RFB-ST         Follows the schedule
                                                                                 RFB-ST
8.Translation to English                   English versions                                     Not started
                                                                                 JSP,VTT
9 .Printing and distribution               Final Ash recycling handbook          RFB-ST         Not started



The seminary version of the handbook was ready 01/05/2005 (appendix 5) and presented
at the first Swedish National seminar in Borås 26/05/2005. The seminar attendees were
mainly positive to the handbook.
Some problems have to be solved for the continuation:
    -     Revision of the Swedish recommendations for the extraction of forest fuel and
          compensation fertilising not finalised.
    -     Knowledge-gaps still exist.




                                                                 13
7.3.      Task 3. Ash classification study

Task 3 Ash classification study
Action n:o/name                           Output                                 By whom        Compared with planned output

1. Gathering information and
                                          Improved knowledge as a base for
supporting national quality criteria                                             VTT            Follows the schedule
                                          development of national regulations
process
2. Review of corresponding Swedish
                                           Report:Proposal for modification      JSP            Finalised
recommendations
3. Analyses of elemental composition
of ashes from different fields with
                                           Report:Ash fraction study             VTT            Follows the schedule
electrostatic precipitators that catch fly
ash.




The reports”Proposal for modification of Swedish recommendations” and “Promotion of
the reculating process for using of Finnish bioenergy plant ash as a forest fertilizer” in
appendix 6 a, 6 b. In the report there are preliminarily estimated Swedish
recommendations and their suitability in Finland. The results have been presented and
discussed in reference group meeting in Finland.

7.4.      Task 4. Regional demonstrations of ash recycling

Task 4 Regional demonstrations of ash-recycling
Action n:o/name                           Output                                 By whom        Compared with planned output
1. Contact ash producers, and
                                          Good conditions for demonstrations of
entrepreneurs that potentially could
                                          various up-to-date techniqes and      All partners    Finalised
execute stabilisation treatment and/or
                                          systems
ash spreading in the forest.
2. Organise demonstrations of various
technical options for ash stabilisation                                          All partners
                                                                                              Follows the schedule
treatment and spreading or the phase      Regional demonstations                 except NBF,
                                                                                              (11 of 13 finalised)
of management process in Sweden                                                  CAB-V
(11) and in Finland (2) with regional
                                          Increased knowledge and
3. Present potential system solutions
                                          understanding. Better conditions for   All partners   Follows the schedule
and encourage discussion
                                          implemetation.
                                                                                 RFB -ST,
4. Advertise in local press, branch
                                         Increased participation in the          RFB-MN,
periodicals and on the project’s and the                                                        Follows the schedule
                                         demonstrations                          RFB-VG,
partners’ web sites.
                                                                                 JSP, VTT
                                                                                 RFB -ST,
                                          Reports and syntesis of                RFB-MN,
5. Evaluation of the demonstrations                                                             Not started
                                          demonstrations                         RFB-VG,
                                                                                 JSP, VTT




So far 11 regional demonstrations have been conducted, 10 in Sweden and 1 in Finland.
The last Swedish regional demonstration in the south Sweden has been postponed until
the autumn 2005 due to several problems which occurred after the hurricane “Gudrun”.

315 participants have visited the 11 regional demonstrations, an average of 28. The
expected result was to reach at least 20 participants on each demonstration. Three of the
demonstrations have not reached 20 participants. Two of them have been organized in
Northern Sweden where it has been problem to attract people to take part in the
demonstrations, including the regional/local authorities. Northern Sweden has a
significant lower waste production and impact of acidification than South- and Central
Sweden, which could explains the lower interest. However, the extraction of forest fuel is
increasing in Northern Sweden and the interest about wood ash recycling will probably

                                                                 14
increase too. More detailed information in appendix 7. Dissemination, events and
actions.




                                              15
7.5.     Task 5. National demonstrations and seminar
Task 5 National demonstrations and seminars
Action n:o/name                          Output                                    By whom     Compared with planned output

1. Contact ash producers, and            Good conditions for presentations and
                                                                               RFB-VG,
entrepreneurs that potentially could     demonstrations of environmetal
                                                                               RFB-MN,         Follows the schedule
execute stabilisation treatment or ash   aspects and various up-to-date
                                                                               JSP, VTT
spreading in the forest.                 techniqes and systems

2. Organise three demonstrations of
                                                                                   RFB-VG,
various technical options for ash                                                              In Sweden follows the schedule
                                         National demonstrations conducted         RFB-MN,
stabilisation treatment and spreading in                                                       (1 finalised) . In Finland delayed
                                                                                   JSP, VTT
Sweden (2) and in Finland (1).

                                       Increased knowledge and
                                                                                   RFB-VG,
3. In connetion with the demonstration understanding. Better conditions for                    In Sweden follows the schedule
                                                                                   RFB-MN,
organise seminars                      implemetation.Feedback on                               (1 finalised) . In Finland delayed
                                                                                   JSP, VTT
                                       handbooks.
4. Advertising in branch periodicals and                                         RFB-VG,
                                         Increased participation in the seminars               In Sweden follows the schedule.
at the projects and the partners’ web                                            RFB-MN,
                                         and demonstrations                                    In Finland delayed
sites.                                                                           JSP, VTT
                                                                                 RFB-VG,
5. Evaluation of the demonstrations
                                         Seminar reports                         RFB-MN,       Not started
and seminars
                                                                                 JSP, VTT
6. Demonstrate and study ash                                                     RFB-VG,
                                         Proposals for improvement. Feedback                   In Sweden follows the schedule.
management chain phases in co-                                                   RFB-MN,
                                         on handbooks.                                         In Finland delayed
operation with stakeholders                                                      JSP, VTT




During the 26-27 of May, a two-day national demonstration/seminar was successfully
arranged in Borås, Sweden. The invitation, reaching more than 1500 persons, resulted in
a large initial interest to attend the seminar. Unfortunately, the aftermaths of the
hurricane “Gudrun” decreased the number of people that actually could participate.
Nevertheless, 71 persons (total including invited speakers 84) attended day one and 44
persons attended the demonstration day two.

There have been problems in Finland which has caused some delay. However, comparing
with the plan the national demonstration and seminar in Finland will be carried out in due
time. The problems have been solved by replacement of participant in this task.

7.6.     Task 6. European seminars (with demonstrations)
Task 6 European seminars (with demonstrations).
Action n:o/name                          Output                                    By whom     Compared with planned output
                                         Conditions for establishing ash
1. Organise two international seminars,
                                         recycling in the EU. Introduction of      RFB-ST,
one in central Europe in 2005 and the                                                          Ahead of the schedule
                                         technique known and tested in             CAB-V
other in Sweden in 2006
                                         Sweden and Finland to the EU
                                         Presentation of an suitable model for
2. In connection with the Seminar in     regular ash recycling from extraction     RFB-ST,
                                                                                            Not started
Sweden organise demonstrations           of forest fuels to spreading of the       SVEASKOG
                                         ashes on forestland.
3. Advertising in branch periodicals and Increased participation in the seminars
                                                                                   RFB-ST, JSP Follows the schedule
web sites.                               and demonstrations
4. Send out invitations to stakeholders Increased participation in the seminars
                                                                                   RFB-ST, JSP Follows the schedule
in Europe                                and demonstrations
5. Evaluation of the seminars.           Seminar reports                           RFB-ST      Not started




This task was planned to start first 01/01/2005, but we realized that an earlier start would
benefit the arrangements and therefore we started to plan the first European seminar
already during the spring 2004.
                                                                16
The fist European seminar will take place during 8-9 November 2005 in Prague, in the
Czech Republic, in cooperation with the Forest of the Czech Republic, S.E. through the
Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic. An agreement has been made with Forest
of the Czech Republic, S.E., for the assistance organising the seminar. The first
announcement has been sent out and the second has been prepared (attached).
Advertising has been made in branch periodical and web sites (task 8. Dissemination). A
Requests for assistance from the Environment DG to make presentations on the EU
directives, Landfill of Waste and the Water Framework, the Sixth Environment Action
Programme and/or other related environmental - policys and legislation, has been sent to
whom it may concern, so far without any respond.

7.7.      Task 7. Education of participants and other stake holders
Task 7 Education of participants and other stakeholders
Action n:o/name                            Output                                By whom   Compared with planned output

Plan and carry out education adapted       Education plan. Increased knowledge
                                                                                           Follows the schedule (262 of 500
to different target groups and different   among stakeholders and civil sevants RFB-VG
                                                                                           educated)
regional conditions in Sweden.             dealing with the ash-recycling chain
Produce an educational package of
materials in the form of information   Swedish education material package. RFB-VG,
                                                                                           Finalised
folders, posters, OH-materials and PP- Finnish education material package. JSP
presentations.

                                           English education material package,
Translate the educational material                                               RFB-VG,
                                           increased knowledge among                       Follows the schedule
package to English.                                                              JSP
                                           stakeholders in Europe



According to questionnaires filled in by the participants taking part in the educations, all
education events have been highly appreciated.

Summing up, 262 persons have attended the education (215 in Sweden and 47 in Finland).
We anticipate no problem reaching the milestone of 350 educated stakeholders 31/12/2005
and 500 educated 31/08/2006.




                                                                    17
7.8.      Task 8. Dissemination of results

Task 8 Dissemination of the results
Action n:o/name                              Output                                By whom        Compared with planned output
1. To organise an initial state of the art
                                           State of the art report                 JSP            Finalised
seminar
2. Creation of information video in three                                                         Dealyed.Swedish video finalised.
                                                                                   RFB-ST,
versions, in Swedish, Finnish and          Finnish,Swedish and English video                      Finnish on going. English not
                                                                                   JSP, VTT
English respectively.                                                                             started.
                                           Platform and source for results and                    Finalised (4700 visits, awaited
3. Creation of a project web site                                                  RFB-ST
                                           information                                            result 2000 visits)
                                           Dissemination of results. Increased
4. Simple information folders will be
                                           knowledge among stakeholders, civil     All partners   Follows the schedule
produced continually during the project.
                                           sevants and general public
                                           Dissemination of results. Increased
5. Articles for the partners’ newspapers
                                           knowledge among stakeholders, civil     All partners   Ahead of the schedule (19 of 20)
and branch periodicals.
                                           sevants and general public
                                                                                   RFB-ST,
6. Informal visits for the purpose of         Increased knowledge among            RFB-VG,
                                                                                                  Follows the schedule
studying spreading with landowners.          landowners.                           RFB-MN,
                                                                                   NBF
7. Education, advice and information in
                                                                                   RFB-ST,
connection with meetings of forest
                                             Provided education, advice and        RFB-MN,
owner at the Regional Forestry Boards,                                                            Follows the schedule
                                             information                           RFB-VG,
and in the RFB-foresters ordinary
                                                                                   NBF
advisory work
8. Demonstrations, seminars,
                                             Dissemination of results. Increased
education and handbooks (see task
                                             knowledge among stakeholders, civil   All partners   Follows the schedule
2,4,5,6,7) will disseminate the results of
                                             sevants and general public
the ongoing project
9. Project information (gained in tasks
1-7 delivery) delivery in forestry, energy
                                             Dissemination of results. Increased
and environment events and media
                                             knowledge among stakeholders, civil   All partners   Ahead of the schedule
(professional and public) via
                                             sevants and general public
presentation in seminars, and in fairs,
www and other media




Website
A project website have been developed in Swedish, Finnish and English languages in
order to disseminate information and results but also to be used for registration by
participants in different events www.recash.info .The website has been functioned as
planned. It has registered more than 4700 visits from 45 countries, mainly from Sweden
and the countries within the EU. The milestone 2000 visitors by 30/11/2006 have already
been achieved. The table below shows monthly visits since the start.




                                                                   18
Leaflets and booklets
A Swedish booklet “askåterföring – motverkar försurning och tillför näring” (Wood ash
recycling – inhibits acidification and adds nutrients) has been produced and printed in
12000 exemplars used in different RecAsh events. A Finnish leaflet has been made
(appendix 8).

Newsletters
Three newsletter have been produced and distributed to at least 350 stakeholders and
about 80 companies in Sweden. The English version of the newsletter has been
distributed to at least 70 different specialists dealing with bioenergy in Europe. The
newsletters, as all results and information material produced within the project, can be
downloaded from the homepage (English newsletters in appendix 9).

Posters
Several posters about the RecAsh project as well as about harvest of forest fuels and
wood ash recycling has been created. These posters have been used at conferences
(Appendix 10).

Video
One short video for one exhibition at Elmia in Jönköping 2004 in Sweden have been
produced (appendix 14 b). Both a Swedish and Finnish draft instruction video has been
produced and sent for the Commission. Producing the video films was more complicated
than expected and the final versions have been delayed. However, the final Swedish
version is attached as appendix 16. Finish final version not yet finalised (see planned
project progress 10.8).

Articles
Total 19 articles have been published in different media until 30/05/2005. The milestone
10 articles by 01/08/2005 have been achieved and the milestone 20 articles by
30/11/2006 will be exceeded (appendix 7).

Presentations
The RecAsh Project has already been presented in professional events more than 15
times until 30/05/2005 (appendix 7). We have exceeded the milestone set by 31/10/2006
of 10 presentations.

Abstracts have been submitted for three coming international events.
   -   Bioenergy 2005 in Jyväskylä, Finland – accepted for oral presentation
   -
       Nordic bioenergy conference 2005 in Trondheim, Norway – not yet confirmed
   -
       14th European Biomass Conference in Paris, France 2005 – not yet confirmed
 Advertisement
Advertisement for the RecAsh project and its first international seminar in Prague has
been published in the Parliament magazine, Bioenergy International and on International
association of bioenergy professionals and users wood energy portal (ITEBE). It has also
been advertised in different electronic newsletters and journals, e.g. FAO electronic
journal on climate change and forestry, and included in more than 20 different web
pages. First announcement has been printed in 500 exemplars and sent by post to 450
persons. It has also been delivered by e-mail to about 4000 Finnish and international
persons using Professor Dan Asplund’s (JSP) contacts. Seminar brochures have also
been delivered in connection with other national and international events within and
outside the project.
                                               19
Advertisement for the regional demonstrations has been published in local newspapers.
Contacts have been taken for the publishing of information about the project and the
international seminar in Prague on the EU LIFE homepage and newsflash.
The main purchasing of equipment for dissemination such as video camera, recorder,
TV, projector, computer and programs has been made during the period.
It has been acknowledge the support given by the European Community, of the LIFE
financial instrument, in all documents and media produced in the framework of the
project.

7.9.       Task 9. Project management and reporting to the Commission
Task 9 Project management and reporting to the Commission
Action n:o/name                        Output                                By whom      Compared with planned output
                                        Established project organisation,
1. Organise the project, subproject and                                      RFB-ST and
                                        deeper involvement of partners                    Finalised
supervisory board.                                                           all partners
                                        organisations.
2. Organise initial working meeting to
                                                                             JSP, RFB
discuss the state of the art of ash     Project plan. A common platform to
                                                                             and all      Finalised
recycling and to produce a definitive   start the work.
                                                                             partners
project plan.
                                                                             RFB-ST,
3. Run the project according to the    Sound and efficient management of     RFB-VG,
                                                                                          Follows the shedule
project plan.                          the project.                          RFB-MN.
                                                                             JSP, VTT
4. Evaluation and economic audition by
                                       Evaluation report. Audition           RFB-ST       Not started
external observer
                                                                             RFB-ST,
5. Administer changes when                                                   RFB-VG,      Project modification approved
                                       Avoiding problems.
necessary.                                                                   RFB-MN.      20/04/2005
                                                                             JSP
6. Report to the EU                    Reports                               RFB-ST       Follows the schedule




Several project meeting have been arranged. Two project steering committee meetings
have been conducted. Contacts have been with the external monitoring team.
Continuously contacts have also been made with all partners by e-mail and telephone
during the whole period. Co-ordination of the project activities, for the support to the
partners and other management tasks within the frame of the project has been made.

During the period the managers for each sub project have had several project meetings
and reference group meetings within their own sub projects.

All partners have signed an established partner agreement. One additional clause to
partner’s agreement has been signed by VTT as the new additional partner.

Lack of national funding has been the greatest problem in Finland during the project. The
problems began when one pulp mill lost their interest on the project (task 5). At the
project planning stage it was assumed that Ministry of Trade and Industry would finance
the project (about 60.000 €). Later it was found that the Ministry was not able to finance
the project because they don’t have financing for this kind of use. Some of the financial
problem has been solved by replacement of original participant in task 5. The solution for
the rest was to prepare a request for modification which was sent to the Commission to
propose VTT Processes (VTT) as a new additional partner in the project. As a project
partner VTT are able to fund the missing part. Commission accepted VTT as a project
partner in April. The new partnership has been effective from 01/04/2005.


                                                              20
One other problem has been the changes of persons in the project group. The subproject
leader in Finland has been changed two times, and the subproject leader in South Sweden
has been changed one time as well as the operative contact person at Sveaskog two
times. All changes have natural causes and have been done in a proper way, but
substitution of key persons will always lead to extra work and delays.


8.     DISSEMINATION ACTIVITIES AND DELIVERABLES

8.1.     Dissemination

Dissemination is a very important activity within the RecAsh project. All tasks work
with dissemination in one or another way. The focus started on regional level and have
widen during the project period to obtain national and international focus. The Case
studies in task 1 will be documented as good examples. The handbooks in task 2 will be
produced in three language versions and widely spread. The regional demonstrations
(task 4), national demonstration and seminaries (task5) and European seminars (task6)
will spread knowledge and sound technique. Education (task7) will arrange courses for
both stakeholders within the ash recycling chain and civil servants. The projects task 8 is
specialised on dissemination and work with help of a range of media such as website,
newsletters, presentations in professional events, etc. Another important action is to
promote newspapers, radio and television to present issues related to ash recycling and
the RecAsh project. A more detailed presentation of the dissemination efforts in the
project during 01/08/2003 to 31/06/2005 is attached as appendix 7.


8.2.     Networking

RecAsh’s role in reaching goals of the national forestry sector in Sweden
The RecAsh project has established cooperation and coordination with the Swedish
Forestry Organization’s new division, “Soil and Water in Balance” (MoViB) which will
contribute to reaching or sustaining natural levels of various substances and a healthy
chemical balance in both soil and water in the Swedish forest landscape. The task of
increasing ash recycling in Sweden is given high priority: the aim is to encourage ash
producers, landowners who sell logging residue (hereafter called GROT, an acronym for
the branches and tops of trees used as logging fuel), and other actors in the forest fuel
market to see to it that the recycling of ash takes place to an adequate degree, and that the
expectations outlined by national forest sector goals are fulfilled. The RecAsh project
plays a very important role in this effort.
At 01/09/2004 a meeting took place in Halmstad between 8 County Administration
Boards and 6 Regional Forestry Boards from south Sweden and the RecAsh project, to
discuss how the different authorities are handling the permissions for ash spreading to
forest land and how to take away obstacles for the actors.
Synergy between RecAsh, Wood-En-Man, and Bio 2003 – 2005 energy
This cooperative effort is to be conducted within an umbrella project bearing the name
CoReWOOD-Bioenergy (a co-operative effort between RecAsh, Wood-En-Man and
BASREC bioenergy working group). The goal of the cooperation is to advance and
facilitate synergic effects of the projects through cooperation and coordination of
activities and exchange of knowledge, primarily through participating in and presenting
various projects’ successes and results at combined meetings, workshops, seminars, and

                                                21
conferences. An additional goal is to jointly publish results and recommendations in
various journals and magazines.
At 29/11/2004 a meeting took place outside the RecAsh- project with NCM bioenergy
group. The time for the RecAsh project deliveries of the international English versions of
information- and education material was discussed. NCM - and BASREC bioenergy
working groups would like to get access to this material.

The RecAsh project has been in contact with the Nordic Innovations Centre under NCM
in connection with their review of the present status and future prospects of standards
and regulations in the bioenergy field. RecAsh pointing out the future needs of standards
for ash classification and ash melting behaviour.

VTT Processes has informed NoE –project (EU- Network of excellence, CHP plants, ash
handling part, which is managed by Satu Helynen from VTT processes) about the
RecAsh project in May 2004. The subject came up once again in the NoE research
seminar in Karlsruhe Germany 20 – 21/09/2004.

8.3.    Deliverables during 01/08/2003-31/05/2005

All deliverables below has been sent for the commission accordingly to delivery dates,
some of them once again as appendix market*.

Del. Date       Deliverables                                            Task:no
01/10/2003 Documentation from state of the art seminar*                 8
05/11/2003 Definitive project-plan*                                     9
10/01/2004 1st Progress report                                          9
31/05/2004 Swedish education material package*                          7
10/07/2004 2nd Progress report                                          9
31/12/2004 Finnish education material package*                          7
31/12/2004 Swedish preliminary version of the video*                    8
31/12/2004 Finnish version of the video                                 8
31/12/2004 Information folders*                                         8
31/12/2004 Project awareness and project result delivery (presentations
in events, articles in newspapers, magazines and in other media)        8
01/01/2005 Preliminary Swedish Handbook version ready for review 2
10/01/2005 3rd Progress report                                          9
01/04/2005 Proposal for modification of Swedish recommendations* 3
30/04/2005 Case study evaluation report*                                1
01/05/2005 Preliminary Swedish Handbook version ready for
presentation at national seminars*                                      2

Additional deliverables in connection with this reporting:

    •   Report from implemented ash quality studies“Promotion of the reculating process
        for using of Finnish bioenergy plant ash as a forest fertilizer”appendix 6 b.

    •   Final Swedish version of the video, appendix 16.

Total list of planned deliverables during the whole project in appendix 15.




                                               22
9.     EVALUATION AND CONCLUSIONS

9.1.    The process

RecAsh started in time as the subject has become an important issue in Sweden. During
the second and third year the attention and importance has increased more than expected
and the subject is becoming more and more relevant in Finland and in the EU at large.

9.2.    Project management

The project consists of nine different partners on different administrative levels. The
reasons to join the RecAsh project differ but the aim is the same for us all. Different
approaches exist how to work within and use a project as a common platform, with the
idea that all partners are contribution to a common project results which will benefit the
project including all the partners. Different in administrative routines complicates the
report work, language differences complicate the communication and make it time
consuming. Nevertheless the ties between the partners have grown over time and the
partnership becomes more and more fruitful.

The increase interest in the project from others has also increased the workload for the
project- and subproject managers.

9.3.    Technical and commercial application

As the technique is not “high technology” it is foreseen that the system can work with
normal existing equipment independent of country within the EU. The commercial
aspects will and are the driving force to implement the system on a full scale basis.

9.4.    Result for potential target groups

Already important results have been presented to potential target groups. The events as
demonstrations, educations, seminars, etc., have been highly appreciated by the target
groups.

9.5.    Comparison on the project-objectives

The project work is going on as planned. Deliveries have been done and milestones have
been passed on schedule. Nothing so far indicates problems to reach the project
objectives.

9.6.    Environmental benefit

 The Swedish Forest Administration’s most important task is to contribute to a re-shaping
of the forestry that minimizes its negative impact. In addition, it works toward
implementing environmentally friendly countermeasures in circumstances where air
pollution or land use has already caused dangerous levels of certain hazardous
substances. The task of increasing ash recycling in Sweden is given high priority: the aim
is to encourage ash producers, landowners who sell logging residue, and other actors in
the forest fuel market to see to it that the recycling of ash takes place to an adequate
degree, and that the expectations outlined by national forest sector goals are fulfilled.

By the year 2010 at the latest, the area treated with ash is to be at least as large as the
area where logging residue (GROT) is harvested for rejuvenation logging.

                                                 23
As an intermediary goal:

By the year 2006 at the latest, the size of the ash treated area is to be at least 40% of the
area where logging residue (GROT) is harvested for rejuvenation logging.

The RecAsh project plays a very important role in this effort.

On the international level the project will hopefully contribute to fulfil the objectives and
intentions in the 6th Environment Action Programme COM/2001/0031, as well as the
Water Framework Directive and the Waste Directive.

9.7.    Application possibilities

There should not be any problem to implement the same kind of system in other
European countries as the equipment and machinery used already exist in all European
countries. With the reports explaining the systems and the possibilities it’s likely more a
question of dissemination of the positive results to reach the application.

9.8.    Innovative aspects

This project is innovative through its comprehensive view. All pieces and moments in
the ash-recycling chain are put together and demonstrated in a complete system. The
system is evaluated, documented and form a basis for the work with handbooks,
demonstrations, seminaries and education. The results are documented and disseminated.
Obstacles will be removed. A smooth and functional ash recycling system that include
treatment and controlled spreading of the ash are making wood fuel combusting long
term sustainable, prevent waste production and will increase the supply of forest fuels to
the fuel market. This is contributing to increase renewable part of the energy supply and
to reach the objectives concerning energy, and climate change.

9.9.    Effectiveness of dissemination activities

Through increased networking, contacts and cooperation with other international projects
and organisations such as BASREC, Nordic Council of Ministers, Baltic 21, European
Biomass Association, IEA Bioenergy, ITEBE, etc., the effectiveness of dissemination on
international level has increased, also by presenting the project and its results on
international professional events. The increased numbers of visitor from many different
countries shows an increased interest from a European point of view. By using the
personal contact nets among the project partners we have additional to the events
arranged by the project increased the dissemination possibilities, which mean that we
have carried out several dissemination activities additional to the dissemination plan in
connection with other working group meetings outside the project.

9.10.   Job creation

As the ash recycling subject has become important in Sweden, several job advertisements
concerning ash recycling made by companies supplying forest fuels to the market has
been noticed in different newspapers. At this stage no evaluations or estimations of job
creation have been done. It is however foreseen, when regular ash recycling systems will
start to work in full scale the increase in job creation will follow (se above 9.6).




                                                 24
9.11.   Relevance to EU legislative framework

This project wills primary solves a waste problem but when a regular recycling of wood
ash is established it will contribute to solve environmental problems related to climate,
energy production, soil-, acidification and water-issues.
The environmental gains of a successful project would be:
• Prevention of waste - the wood ash would be returned to forest soils instead of being
    deposited in landfills
• Sustainable conditions for increased production of renewable energy (no waste, no
    CO2 emission)
• Maintained nutrient balance and buffering capacity in forest soils (circulation closed,
    ash nutrients returned)
• Maintained quality of water in terms of acid alkalinity and low aluminium contents.

This should be in line with the EU directives; Landfill of Waste and the Water
Framework, the 6th Environment Action Programme, etc.

9.12.   Sustainability and continuation of the project

The project are well established, the ash recycling system is working as planned and the
project activities and results are already asked for by different stakeholders. As the
project has an important role to play to contribute to the national forest sector goals there
is no doubt that ash recycling and the project will continue as planned and will also turn
to be regular i.e. sustainable after the project. However, efforts should be made to
classify and market the ash among the forest owners as a product and not waste.
Accordingly to present regulations/legislation in Sweden, the ash is to be considered as a
product first when the ash leaving the rotating plates on the ash spreading machine and
falls on the forest soil.




                                                25
10. INTERIM REPORT: PLANNED PROJECT PROGRESS

The summary table below shows the proposed original time schedule while the actual
one shows the development in accurate time.
LIFE-Project number:                            Project tittle: Regular Recycling of Wood Ash to Prevent Waste
LIFE03 ENV/S/000598                             Production (RecAsh)
Start: 01/08/2003                               2003               2004              2005             2006
End:31/12/2006
Tasks/Activities                                1T 2T 3T 4T 1T 2T 3T 4T 1T 2T 3T 4T 1T 2T 3T 4T
Overal project schedule             Proposed
                                    Actual
Task1 Case study of regular ash     Proposed
recycling system                    Actual
Task 2 Ash recycling handbook       Proposed
                                    Actual
Task 3 Ash classification study     Proposed
                                    Actual
Task 4 Regional demonstrations of Proposed
ash-recycling                       Actual
Task 5 National demonstrations      Proposed
and seminars                        Actual
Task 6 European seminars (with      Proposed
demonstrations).                    Actual
Task 7 Education of participants    Proposed
and other stakeholders              Actual
Task 8 Dissemination of the results Proposed
                                    Actual
Task 9 Project management and       Proposed
reporting to the Commission         Actual
Reports: P=Progress I=Interim       Proposed                      P1       P2      P3        I       P4          P5   F
F=Final X=Delivered                 Delivered                     X        X       X         X




10.1.     Task 1. Case study of regular ash recycling system

The operative work in the Finnish case study is completed. Work with analyses and
documentation will continue. The Swedish cases study will continue and increase in
modifying-, improving-, expanding- and document the ash recycling system. Final case
study documentation report will be finalised.

10.2.     Task 2. Ash recycling handbook

Revision- and feedback work will continue until finalisation and printing of the
handbooks.

10.3.     Task 3. Ash classification study

The work will continue how to start the process in Finland to draw up regulations for ash
forest fertilization and to define how the process should go on and which actors should
be involved. The subject will be promoted by the RecAsh project.

10.4.     Task 4. Regional demonstrations of ash recycling

The two final regional demonstrations will be arranged during autumn 2005, one in the
south Sweden and one in Rauhalahti heat and power plant, Finland. An exact date is not
yet confirmed. Reports and synthesis of the demonstration will be finalized.

An estimation of the potential ash spreading area in Central Finland will be finalized.


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10.5.   Task 5. National demonstrations and seminar

The second and final Swedish national demonstration/seminar will be arranged by RFB-
MN in Östersund the 18th and 19th of October 2005. The Finnish national demonstration/
seminar will take place in April/May 2006 in Kirkniemi area. Seminar report will be
finalised.


10.6.   Task 6. European seminars (with demonstrations)

The first of the two European seminars will take place in Prague in the Czech Republic,
8-9 November 2005. The second announcement will be sent out during June month. The
second and final European seminar will be arranged in Sweden during September 2006,
the planning work for the final European seminar will start after the event in Prague.
Seminar reports will be finalised.

10.7.   Task 7. Education of participants and other stake holders

Educations of stakeholders will continue. English education material package will be
finalised.

10.8.   Task 8. Dissemination of the results

The dissemination activities will continue and increase on a broad international scale. We
will participate in other national and international professional events for dissemination
and marketing of the forthcoming national- and international RecAsh seminars. We will
continue to provide project information in different occasions and in connection with
other working group meetings outside the project. The networking will continue. The
Finnish version of the video will be finalised 01/09/2005. The English version will be
presented at the first European seminar 8-9/11/2005.

10.9.   Task 9. Project management and reporting to the commission

The project will run accordingly to the project plan. Co-ordination of the project
activities, for the support to the partners and other management tasks within the frame of
the project activities will continue. The sub projects will have their own planning
meetings and the meeting with the reference groups will continue. Next common project
group meeting will take place in Stockholm the 29 of August. Reporting to the
Commission will continue.

Since so few among the local authorities in Northern Sweden participated at the regional
demonstrations, we need to arrange at least one meeting with them during 2005.
They need more information about the use of forest fuels, ash-recycling and the
environmental advantages with these activities.




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