What is the difference By becoming a State, Territorians will that a law made by a State government have a guarantee of representation at the can only be changed by a State between a State and a national level of government. government. Territory? Difference Two – Territorians’ Say The Territory does not have the same There are three main differences between in National Referendums control over the laws it makes. Even with a State and a Territory which makes Self-Government which created the Territorians less than equal to the people Northern Territory Parliament in 1978, the of the States. Territory Parliament and people are under the final control of the Commonwealth Difference One – National Parliament. Representation for Territorians • Because of this control, the Commonwealth can cancel a law made by the Northern Territory Parliament without asking Territorians. Territorians must vote in national • Because of this control, the referendums but our votes do not count Commonwealth can also change Territorians do not have constitutional equally in the final assessment of any the powers the Northern Territory rights to representation in the change. Only States’ votes are counted in Parliament has been given without Commonwealth (Australian) Parliament. the final determination of a majority asking Territorians. support for change. The Northern Territory currently has 4 • Because of this control, the representatives in the Commonwealth By becoming a State, Territorians have a Commonwealth can dissolve the Parliament : 2 Members in the House of guarantee that their vote will fully count in Northern Territory Parliament Representatives and 2 Senators in the national referendums and therefore give without asking Territorians. Senate. These positions have been Territorians a stronger say on national created by Commonwealth laws which affairs. could be changed by the Commonwealth Parliament at any time. Difference Three – Control of Territory Parliament and Territory States have guaranteed representation in laws the Commonwealth Parliament under the Australian Constitution. Each State has a The Commonwealth (Australian) minimum of 5 members in the House of Parliament has more legal control over a Representatives and 12 Senators in the Territory than a State. Senate. The States have final authority over their legal areas of responsibility. This means What is Statehood? What is the Statehood Steering Committee? The Northern Territory is not a State of Australia. Statehood is about the goal of becoming a State and the process involved. WHAT IS A State and a Territory have different powers under the Australian Constitution. STATEHOOD? These differences mean that the Territory is limited in its ability to make laws and the Commonwealth (Australian) Parliament has more control. As a result Territorians The NT Statehood Steering Committee do not have the same rights to govern was formed in 2005 to support discussion themselves as people who live in States. on Statehood and to hear Territorians’ views. By becoming a State, Territorians will have the same powers to govern The Committee is made up of 23 themselves and end the power of the Territorians from different backgrounds Australian Government to override the and perspectives. It produces education democratic process of the Territory materials about Statehood. Parliament. Want to get involved in the Statehood debate? A quick guide to Statehood Want more information on Come to our 2009 Statehood by the Northern Territory Statehood? Workshops in your area. In 2009 the Statehood Steering Then contact the NT Statehood Steering Committee will host workshops in major Committee towns and with key interest groups – call Committee: us, email us or go to our website to find out more. Phone: 1800 237 909 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Subscribe to our e-newsletter through Post: GPO Box 3721, our web site www.statehood.nt.gov.au Darwin NT 0801 Web: www.statehood.nt.gov.au Sign a “foot” at our events. This is our www.statehood.nt.gov.au symbol of participation as we “Walk together towards Statehood”.