What are Islam and Muslims all about

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					1   What are Islam and Muslims all about?
What are Islam and Muslims all about?

Barely a day goes by without                      mentioned on the television or on
hearing the words ‘Muslim’, ‘Islam’               the radio?
or ‘Jihaad’ from the media. In fact
one would guess that the vast                     It is for this purpose that we have
majority of people have heard such                provided you with this short
terms from the media or from                      pamphlet about Islam, Muslims and
friends or family. However, have                  all that you may wish to know about
you ever asked yourself what these                them. We hope that you find the
terms really mean? Have you gone                  information beneficial and useful
out and spent some time to research               and encourage you to make contact
about these Muslims and what they                 with the authors if you wish to
believe in?                                       further your understanding of Islam
                                                  or correct any misconceptions you
Perhaps you may think that these                  may have about it.
people are all foreigners and
therefore have no bearing on your                                  Islam
life. Well, you may be surprised
then if I were to tell you that there             Islam is the world’s fastest growing
are up to 3 million Muslims living                divine way of life with around 1.3
on your doorstep in the United                    billion adherents worldwide. From
Kingdom; from the furthest south                  countries ranging far a field as
of Lands End to remote areas in                   America to Zimbabwe, Muslims can
northern Scotland. You may not feel               be found on all continents of the
this a strong enough reason to go                 globe. A Muslim is someone who
out and read about Islam; however,                believes in and adheres to a way of
do you not feel at least a little                 life known as Islam.
ignorant when you hear it

2                          What are Islam and Muslims all about?
Islam is an Arabic word which                       Century, the development of
literally means ‘submission’. The                   Biblical studies and the discovery
Islamic faith was revealed to the last              of many manuscripts more ancient
and final Messenger Muhammad                        than those upon which the King
(saw) from Allaah (lit. God) in the                 James Version was based, made it
deserts of Arabia some 1400 years                   manifest that these defects are
ago; and was a continuation of the                  so many and so serious as to
Judaeo-Christian religions that                     call for revision of the English
preceded it. In fact Islam came as a                translation.”
rectification for both the Jewish and
Christians scriptures since over                    The Islamic way of life is centred
time they had undergone numerous                    around the belief in a single Creator
changes and additions from their                    known as Allaah; this is often
original revealed form. The editors                 translated as God in English. Some
of the Revised Standard Version of                  may think that in this day and age
the Bible 1971 comment in their                     of    science,     technology    and
introduction to the RSV Bible,                      development, it is old-fashioned to
                                                    believe in a God or a Creator.
“The King James Version has with                    Others seem to think that the theory
good reason been termed, ‘the                       of     evolution      and     genetic
noblest monument of English                         engineering have made the need for
prose’. Its revisers in 1881                        God redundant. In fact the evidence
expressed admiration for its                        of a Creator is all around us and we
simplicity, its dignity, its power, its             need only take one look at ourselves
happy turns of expression.’ It                      to come to this conclusion.
entered, as no other book has, into
the making of the personal                                 The Myth of ‘Science Has
character       and     the     public                      Answers to All Things’
institutions of the English-speaking
peoples. We owe to it an                            It seems that if one speaks about
incalculable debt. Yet the King                     God or a Creator in today’s society,
James Version has grave                             one would get strange looks from
defects. By the middle of the 19th                  friends of work colleagues or would
3                            What are Islam and Muslims all about?
be     accused      of      becoming               more about what is going on around
‘brainwashed.’ In fact the majority                them. When one looks back to the
of people in British society are                   comments of scientists living in the
atheist (i.e. do not believe in any                12th century, without microscopes,
God or Creator); most of whom                      without their telescopes, they
would claim that the theories that                 believed that the earth was flat,
science have forwarded have                        motionless and the centre of the
refuted such an historical concept.                universe.

Before we explore whether there                    Now if you were alive during that
exists a creator or not, one must                  time, would you too say that the
first mention that science is merely               world was flat and the centre of
a tool by which one looks upon                     universe? Let us say that you did
reality. Those great oft-repeated                  and that you backed your claim by
laws such as Newton’s three laws of                saying, ‘because the great scientists
motion, or the law of gravity etc.                 say so.’ Well, in the 20th century
were merely observations and                       you would be considered backward
documentations of certain laws that                and ignorant since those such
existed before, during and after                   observations have been nullified as
such scientists. Is it not true that               we have more advanced tools
gravity existed before Newton                      proving otherwise. So by following
noticed it? Or the laws of motion                  the scientists in the 12th century
were allowing things to move and                   you would have arrived at a
for friction to work before those                  completely incorrect understanding
scientists decided to compile works                about the world.
about them?
                                                   Who is to say that following the
So the first point regarding science               comments and statements of the
is that it is simply a comment by                  scientists of the 20th and 21st
certain scientists upon a reality they             century so too would not be proved
envisage. Now the way they                         wrong at a later date? Who then
envisage the reality, and the tools                would be held to account for
they use allow them to understand                  believing in such misconceptions –
4                           What are Islam and Muslims all about?
obviously one can only blame                      Without having any answer to such
yourself if you did not truly go out              questions we are simply continuing
to seek the truth. There are                      in a life which has no meaning and
manifest     examples     of    such              no purpose. And as a result it is no
contradictions in more recent times               wonder why suicide rates and the
as well, topics ranging from                      prevalence     of   self-harm    are
whether the universe is expanding,                rocketing.
or whether the cause of asthma is as
a result of pollution or not. In fact             If you were to be drugged
such contradictions will remain and               unconscious, transported to an
continue so long as technology                    unknown location and then left to
develops. However, development                    find yourself awake in a darkened
does not necessarily mean one will                room, you will naturally ask; Who
arrive at the correct answer as we                put me here? Why am I here? And
have explained.                                   what will happen next? These
                                                  questions would be foremost in
    Mankind’s Greatest Question                   your mind such that you probably
                                                  would not be able to do anything
Despite the great advancement in                  without answering these questions
technology in recent times, there                 first. Are you and I not in exactly
still remain fundamental questions                the same situation upon this earth?
which science has been unable to                  Who put us here? Why did they put
answer. Where did I come from,                    us here? What will happen once we
where am I going? What is the                     die?
relationship between man, life and
the universe? What is the link                    Questions of what happens after
between life and what was before                  death evoke in many an uneasy
life, and what is after life? Such                feeling, a feeling that many shy
questions have been asked of                      away from if they do not have a
oneself by each and every human                   convincing answer. The truth of the
being at some stage of their life.                matter is that the only certainty in
                                                  this life is that we are all going to
                                                  die. We all know people who were
5                          What are Islam and Muslims all about?
once alive and have since died.                    asking for any evidence. To do so,
Where have they gone? What will                    renders one on a level lower than a
happen to them? These are all                      farm animal and affords the chance
questions that have passed through                 to be exploited by others.
our minds but are we really content
with the excuses and answers we                    Returning to the issue as to whether
have provided ourselves with?                      there exists a Creator or not, to
                                                   answer such questions we firstly
    The Proof of the Existence                     need     to     draw     upon     the
           of a Creator                            understanding we have about
                                                   ourselves and all those things that
If we were to ask Joe public how we                surround us. Looking to oneself as a
came about on this earth, you would                human what do we notice? We find
probably hear a plethora of                        that we are all born i.e. we have a
different answers from Evolution,                  starting point and that we grow to a
Big-Bang to a Supreme Creator.                     certain height, achieve a maximal
However, as intelligent individuals,               weight, and expire once we attain a
you and I do not go on or believe                  certain    age    –    some     more
what other people simply say,                      prematurely than others. Hence we
rather we want to be convinced by                  are limited. We have a limited
the greatest faculty we have been                  lifespan, limited dimensions, and
blessed with, the faculty of thinking              limited intelligence. Therefore from
and intellect. As a human being, we                observing oneself, we can make a
have been given the gift of thought                blanket statement about human
and of comprehension such that                     beings in general, all humans are
one is able to judge and weigh up                  limited. What we mean by this
different arguments according to                   statement is that we are not
one’s level of understanding. It is an             unlimited or infinite i.e. we don’t
insult for anyone to forego this                   live for ever or continue to grow
faculty and to follow any concept,                 without end.
whether that may be the theory of
evolution, the existence of a God,                 The second concept we can notice is
the Big-Bang theory blindly without                that human beings are dependent
6                           What are Islam and Muslims all about?
and needy i.e. they require nutrition               limited in that they grow only so tall
to live and grow, oxygen to breathe                 and live so long.
and dwellings for protection from
the environment. Humans are not                     Similarly if we look to the stars and
self-subsistent and consequently                    the planets, even though they seem
without food, water, warmth and                     so huge and great, they are still
oxygen they would not be able                       limited in size and are dependent
survive. Therefore human beings                     on     many      factors    including
are limited, needy and dependent.                   gravitational pulls, energy etc. to
If one were to gather 100 persons in                maintain their course and existence.
a single hall they still would have                 If we total the existence of all these
the same attributes of being needy,                 things, the stars, planets, people
limited and dependent. This is                      and things, we find that they too are
because the totality of limited                     limited, needy and dependent on
beings is limited. If one were to                   other things; since they are
gather 1,000, 1 million nay even 1                  dependent on other factors to bring
billion people into a single space,                 them into being, to maintain their
they all still would have the                       complex interactions and to sustain
attribute of being weak, limited and                their existence.
needy, since they still require food,
shelter, and will each live for a fixed             Now we turn to the following
period of time.                                     possibilities,

Now if we turn our attention to                     i) either all these limited objects
other things around us such as                      brought themselves into being and
animals and plants, we observe                      consequently maintain themselves
exactly the same findings. Animals                  and are self subsistent or
and plants are dependent upon
water, oxygen and carbon dioxide,                   ii) these limited things are
warmth and sun light; without such                  dependent upon other limited
things they will wither away and                    things for their existence which are
die. Animals and plants are also                    in turn dependent upon other

7                            What are Islam and Muslims all about?
limited things which are in turn                  those others things consequently
dependent ad infinitum or lastly;                 must be dependent upon other
                                                  dependent things which they
iii) all these things are dependent               themselves are dependent upon
upon a being that is independent,                 until eternity. Since all these things
eternal, unlimited and not needy.                 are dependent, which one was first?
                                                  Naturally, there cannot be a first
If we take the first possibility                  dependent thing without an
(which is what the scientists would               initiator as that is the nature of
like you believe) that things came                being limited and dependent. So
about on their own existence and                  again, this argument is totally
are self maintaining. We ask you to               baseless and flawed and is to be
simply look around you and bring a                rejected by any sane person.
single example of a thing that is
unlimited, self sustaining and not                The last possibility is the only
dependent on other things or                      explanation that makes any sense.
factors. The fact of the matter is                All dependent things have complex
that there is not a single thing that             interactions and relationships with
one can perceive that fits into this              other dependent objects, however
and consequently such a claim is                  each of these dependent objects,
rejected as being false and                       irrespective of how numerous they
misleading.                                       are, are still dependent and hence
                                                  require a being that has the
If we take the second possibility                 attributes of being independent,
that all the things you see around                unlimited and eternal to bring them
you are dependent upon other                      into creation. And that being which
dependent      things   for    their              brought them into being is known
existence; we ask the following                   by some as God, and by the
tongue twister; what are these other              Muslims as Allaah (swt).
dependent things dependent on
themselves? If they are dependent
upon other things which they
themselves are dependent, then
8                          What are Islam and Muslims all about?
    What about the Big Bang?                      from the shop, opened them, mixed
                                                  them into a batter and then
The Big Bang is a much quoted                     physically placed them in an oven,
scientific theory that is mentioned               the cake would not be made.
by scientist which is meant to give a             Similarly for the Big Bang theory,
rational reason for the creation or               where did the ingredients of the
beginning of the universe. Many                   universe originate from? Who put
people believe that such a theory                 them together? The Big Bang theory
disproves the third possibility as                does not provide a satisfactory
mentioned above i.e. the concept of               answer to how you or I were
a creator. However, if we analyse                 created. And our simple lines of
the big bang theory we see that it                questioning provide further proof
simply states that the universe and               that much of what we hear from
all that is around us had a                       scientists shouldn’t be taken for
beginning from the mixing of a                    granted.
cocktail of gases and chemicals.
After numerous interactions and                            What about Evolution?
reactions, it is alleged that simple
proteins were constructed that                    The theory of evolution was a
began as the building blocks of the               notion championed by Charles
universe.                                         Darwin as an explanation for the
                                                  varieties of species that exist on the
Although we will not explore this                 earth. However, over 100 years
theory in much further detail, it is              since the theory was propositioned,
important to ask from where did                   it still remains a theory in that the
these alleged chemicals and gases                 concept has not yet been proven to
come from? Who put them there? It                 be fact. Despite evolution being
is like saying that the sponge cake               taught in schools and colleges up
was made by a mixture of water,                   and down the country, one is not
flour, eggs, cream, jam, baking                   taught the complete lack of
powder in a heated environment.                   scientific evidence or fossils which
But you and I know that if a person               show the missing-link between a
did not get the initial ingredients               single specie evolving into another.
9                          What are Islam and Muslims all about?
The concept of evolution states that               analysis techniques, human DNA is
the different species are in a                     50% similar to banana DNA and
continual state of strife and only the             75% similar to the DNA of mice!
fittest is able to survive. Genes by               Could it ever be postulated that half
their nature mutate and change,                    the humans evolved from bananas?
consequently, in the brutal nature                 And the other three-quarters
of the environment only the fittest                evolved from mice?
would therefore stay alive. Any
genetic mutation that enable a                     The reality is that the whole living
specie to become fitter, surviving                 world is derived from a series of 4
longer and procreate can pass on                   building blocks (amino acids)
their     genes    for    generations.             known as A, T, C and G. Depending
Subsequently, that specie will have                on the length and composition of
a better chance of survival. By this               these chain of DNAs, different
notion they explain that the                       beings exist. Similarity between the
amphibious being, fishes and their                 chains is not an indication of
likes, grew wings and evolved into                 common ancestry but points to a
birds, others grew legs and walked                 common designer. Think about a
out of their swamps and evolved                    Porsche and a BMW car. They both
into dogs, cats, humans, monkeys,                  have air-cooled, flat, horizontally-
elephants and their likes.                         opposed,      4-cylinder     engines,
                                                   independent suspension, two doors,
As proof for their theory, they tell               a boot, and many other similarities.
you that the similarities between                  Why do these two very different
the chimpanzee DNA and the                         cars have so many similarities? Can
human DNA is around 97% and                        one deduce that the BMW evolved
therefore humans have evolved                      from the Porsche? Of course not! So
from the chimp. Although it is                     why then is such an idea
postulated that perhaps Darwin                     entertained for the more complex
kept pictures of monkeys in his                    environment around us?
family album! However, what the
same evolution proponents fail to                  What about the Survival of the
mention is that using the same DNA                 Fittest?
10                          What are Islam and Muslims all about?
What about the idea that existence                  There is this Creator –What’s that
is governed according to the theory                        got to do with me?
of survival of the fittest? If one were
to apply this theory to humans, it                  We have seen how using our minds
would make little sense for a                       and rational faculties there is no
mother to spend thousands of                        choice but to believe in the
pounds trying to cure her sick child;               existence of an originator of man,
and it would make perfect sense                     life and the universe. The various
that we dispose of sick parents                     scientific theories, and postulations
when they become too burdensome                     do not provide satisfactory answers
for us. Doing so would help our                     to why we are here and how we
species become even more fit. Yet                   came about; rather, they have many
instead of sounding logical this                    holes and faults in their reasoning
behaviour only sounds revolting.                    and line of argumentation that a
Why? Look to your own self.                         sane human being will never accept
Humans have morals, a sense of                      them as providing any solution to
guilt. How did this became installed                the fundamental questions.
in us? We feel a need to seek justice
when we’ve been wronged, and to                     If one looks around at the
seek forgiveness when we’ve                         environment, one notices that there
wronged others. All humans are                      is a myriad of different organisms,
conscious of good and evil to some                  beings, persons, animals, plants all
degree. Why is it that the humans                   interacting and functioning in a
have courts and systems of law for                  particular manner. If one looks at a
when one person kills another, but                  higher level at the stars and planets,
in the animal kingdom random                        similar one finds such interactions
killings (for whatever reason)                      and a sense of organisation. If the
within the same species or between                  sun were 1cm closer to the earth the
different species are never brought                 temperature difference resulted
to trial?!                                          would be so great that no living
                                                    being could survive upon it! If the
                                                    earth were even a few millimetres
                                                    from its normal orbit, the
11                           What are Islam and Muslims all about?
gravitational changes between the                  If we use this line of thinking, then
different planets would result in the              what about our own lives, what law
earth being flung out of the solar                 do we live by? If there is this creator
system! There is evidently a delicate              it is unfathomable to think that they
organisational structure running                   have not given us any information
throughout the whole universe,                     or a manual on how we should live
obeying a particular law and set of                our lives and solutions for the day
rules; whereby any deviation from                  to day problems that we may face.
these will result in inevitable                    Everything around us that we can
complete chaos.                                    see and perceive has a role to play, a
                                                   function and a purpose. The sun
If one were to purchase a new                      provides nutrition, warmth and
television, a state of the art plasma              light. Water provides life and
screen or LCD device, the first thing              purification. Air carries us the
you or I do when we take it out of                 oxygen we need to breath as well as
the box is read the manual to help                 removing the carbon dioxide which
us use the machine to the best of its              in excess could kill us.
purpose. This is because the person
or company who made that                           If all these things around us has
television screen, or that games                   purposes, what is the purpose of us
console knows better than you or I                 beings then? Is it for you and I to
how to use it, its limitations and its             decide or is it for the creator? We
functionality. If we were to play                  can see how perfectly the system of
around with the television without                 the creator works in all levels of life.
reading the manual, we may learn a                 And we can also see how flawed the
lot about it, perhaps even enough to               human based systems that exist all
use it. However, if we were to break               around us are, from capitalism,
it having not read the manual, then                tribalism,      communism,            to
this would surely void the guarantee               democracy; injustice, unfairness,
as it can be argued that one was not               cold blooded killings, rapes and
being prudent with the product.                    murders are all too common for the
                                                   eye to see.

12                          What are Islam and Muslims all about?
The annals of history are full of                          The Need for Messengers
man’s oppression of man. Greed,                                 and a Message
selfishness, killing, monopoly, and
vice are manifestations of man                      It is not possible for a limited being
fulfilling their survival instincts. If             to comprehend an unlimited being,
man is prepared to go as far as                     therefore the Creator has given
killing others in satisfaction of his               mankind communication through a
needs, then surely man is in need of                channel that is clear for him. God
control over his actions. Without a                 has sent Prophets and Messengers
criterion for action the striving for               (Prophets with the divine law) to
satisfaction of mans’ needs will lead               mankind to give guidance in all of
him to constant conflict with others.               our affairs. Each of whom were each
One man’s freedom is another’s                      given miracles which proved to
slavery. The Creator has not left                   mankind the authenticity of their
man to his own devices, man has                     prophethood.
never been free to undertake his life
in whichever way he feels best. It is               So we see that Musa (Moses) was
wholly      consistent     with     our             given the power of magic, when his
perception of man as being limited,                 staff was thrown down and turned
dependant and imperfect that for                    to a snake devouring the staffs of
man to bring his own way, his own                   the magicians. Or similarly Isa
system, would be false, due to man’s                (Jesus) was given the ability to cure
limited understanding of life. Man                  the sick. The miracle given to
is always subject to bias, disparity,               Muhammad (saw) was the Qur’an,
differences, contradictions and the                 the word of God. As only the
influence       of     his      current             Messengers of God are given the
environment, hardly a basis for                     Divine    Law     of   God       then
complete impartiality and absolute                  Muhammad must definitely be the
truth. Any man made system will                     Prophet and Messenger of God. To
suffer from these same bias,                        prove this point comprehensively
disparity,                 differences,             we must examine critically the
contradictions and influence.                       Qur’an.

13                           What are Islam and Muslims all about?
Indeed, messengers have been sent                  long times in contemplation and
to mankind since the beginning of                  meditation. It was during these
human history, carrying this                       periods that he (saw) would receive
guidance and imploring people to                   revelation from God at the hands of
recognise the nature of their                      the angel Jibrael (Gabriel) until his
existence and to understand the                    death some 23 years later. The
reality and purpose of their lives.                revelation that was received would
                                                   deal with subjects as far reaching as
The last of these Messengers was                   politics,    spirituality,   afterlife,
the Messenger Muhammad (saw)                       economics, inheritance, women’s
and with his guidance, came the                    rights, warfare, prayer etc. and
clarification of not only the truth of             would be immediately recorded,
God’s existence, but also the code of              memorised such that it could not
conduct for humanity to achieve                    undergo any distortion. Such
justice and prosperity in both this                revelation is what we have today
life and the next.                                 known as the Qur’an, or final
                                                   testament from God and is what the
     Who Was the Messenger                         Muslims profess to follow and
       Muhammad (saw)                              believe in.

Muhammad (saw) was born into a                           The Miracles of the Qur’an
noble tribe in Makkah now in
modern day Saudi Arabia, in the                    If a person came into your room, or
year 570CE. An orphan at birth, he                 said on the television ‘I am a
was cared for first by his                         prophet of God’ it is more than
grandfather and later by his uncle.                likely that you would shut your ears
He started life as a shepherd, then                and claim him to be mad or schizo
became a trader and finally a                      and one would hope such people
prosperous merchant. At the age of                 would be placed under the care of
forty,   disillusioned     by    the               the local mental unit. However, if
materialistic lifestyle and ignorant               such a person claimed to be a
practices of the Pagan Arabs,                      prophet and then in front of your
Muhammad (saw) began to spend                      eyes began performing tasks which
14                          What are Islam and Muslims all about?
you know was beyond the capacity                  and the people they were performed
of a normal human being, you                      to. It is reported that the prophet
would think twice before calling the              Muhammad (saw) performed many
psychiatrist. Rather you yourself                 such miracles to his people.
would want to know what this                      However, we did not witness such
person is really about before                     events and consequently these are
making any rash decisions. Perhaps                not proof of prophethood for you or
his feats of walking on water,                    I in this day and age. Rather what is
bringing the dead back to life or                 alleged by us Muslims is that the
healing the leper may convince you                Qur’an is the only living miracle of
about his call.                                   the prophethood of Muhammad
                                                  (saw) and is the final revelation
However, if a person told you that                from the Creator to mankind.
they saw a person perform these
extraordinary feats, you would be                         The Qur’an and Science
less likely to believe them or take
them for granted; even if such a                  The Qur’an is the last revelation,
person was your close friend or                   and a proof not only to the pagan
family member. This is because                    Arabs one thousand four hundred
such feats need one to actually                   years ago, but also to the scientists
visualise and experience them to                  of today. Perhaps one of the most
truly believe in their occurrence.                remarkable qualities of the Qur’an
Therefore, all the claims made that               for those living in the twenty first
previous prophets and messengers                  century, is the complete consistency
performed such fantastic feats and                between the Qur’an and most of the
miracles may well be true but bear                discoveries of modern science, in
no direct relevance to us as we were              some cases even pre-empting facts
unable to experience such. No                     discovered within the last twenty
matter how many people speak                      years.
about them or how many times they
are repeated, this reality is not                 One of the first Western scientists
changed. Such miraculous feats are                to make a serious study of this
only suitable as proof for the time               subject was Dr Maurrice Bucaille,
15                         What are Islam and Muslims all about?
who wrote a book called, “The Bible,              in    the     former,    which     are
the Qur’an and Science”. In this                  scientifically unacceptable, and
book, he compared the statements                  declarations in the latter which are
concerning natural and scientific                 in perfect agreement with modern
data in the Bible and the Qur’an                  data: this was the case of the
concluding,                                       Creation and the Flood. Besides,
                                                  there      are   major     differences
“The Qur’an follows on from the                   between the Qur’an and the Bible
two Revelations that preceded it                  on the other subjects: they serve to
and is not only free from                         disprove all that has been
contradictions in its narrations, the             maintained-without a scrap of
sign of the various human                         evidence-concerning the allegation
manipulations to be found in the                  that Muhammad is supposed to
gospels, but provides a quality all               have copied the Bible to produce
of its own for those who examine it               the text of the Qur’an. In view of the
objectively and in the light of                   level of knowledge in Muhammad’s
science, i.e. its complete agreement              day, it is inconceivable that many
with modern scientific data. What                 of the statements in the Qur’an
is more, statements are to be found               which are connected with science
in it (as has been shown) that are                could have been the work of a man.
connected with science: and yet it                It     is,     moreover,     perfectly
is unthinkable that a man of                      legitimate, not only to regard the
Muhammad’s time could have been                   Qur’an as the expression of a
the author of them. Modern                        Revelation, but also to award it a
scientific    knowledge     therefore             very special place, on the account
allows us to understand certain                   of the guarantee of authenticity it
verses of the Qur’an which, until                 provides and the presence in it of
now, it has been impossible to                    scientific statements which, when
interpret. The comparison of                      studied today, appears as a
several Biblical and Qur’anic                     challenge to explanation in human
narrations of the same subject                    terms.”
shows the existence of fundamental
differences between the statements
16                         What are Islam and Muslims all about?
Some of the statements found in the                Then we made the drop into
Qur’an that match with recent                      an Alaqah (leech-like) and
scientific discoveries are as follows,             then we changed the leech-like
                                                   structure into a Mudghah
1. The Accurate Description of                     (chewed-like) and then We
Embryonic           and       Fetal                made out of that chewed-like
Development                                        substance bones then We
At the time of Prophet Muhammad                    clothed the bones with flesh
ideas surrounding the development                  then We caused him to grow
of the foetus in the womb were                     and come into being and
similar to those of Aristotle who                  attain the definitive form.
thought that a child was formed by                 Blessed be Allah the Perfect
the menstrual blood clotting by                    creator. After that, at length
touching male blood. Even until the                you will die. Again, on the
Eighteenth       Century,     foetal               Day of Judgment, you will be
development       was     completely               raised up.” (23:12-16)
misunderstood      as    Hartsoeker
claimed to have seen a pre-formed                  Professor Keith Moore, Chairman of
human being within a sperm.                        the Department of Anatomy in the
Amazingly, the Qur’an reflected                    University of Toronto, Canada, and
none of these theories as would be                 author of The Developing Human,
expected if it was written by man,                 said concerning these statements in
rather the Qur’an describes the                    the Qur’an:
development of the embryonic
human     with     an   exceptional                “Until the 19th Century, nothing
precision that has only been                       was known about classifying the
possible in the past thirty years.                 stages of human development. A
Allaah (swt) says,                                 system of staging human embryos
                                                   was developed around the end of
“We created man from a                             the 19th Century based on
quintessence of clay, We then                      alphabetical symbols. During the
placed him as a drop (Nutfa)                       20th century, numerals were used
in a place of rest firmly fixed,                   to describe 23 stages of embryonic
17                          What are Islam and Muslims all about?
development. This system of                       understand the words that are
numbering the stages is not easy to               translated to me from the Qur’an.
follow and a better system would                  If I were to transpose myself into
be based on the morphological                     that era, knowing what I do today
changes. In recent years, the study               and describing things, I could not
of the Qur’an has revealed another                describe the things that were
basis for the classification of the               described. I see no evidence to
stages of the developing embryo                   refute the concept that this
which     is    based    on   easily              individual Muhammed had to be
understood actions and changes in                 developing this information from
shape. It utilizes terms which were               some place, so I see nothing in
sent from God to Muhammed the                     conflict with the concept that
Prophet by the Angel Gabriel and                  Divine Intervention was involved
recorded on the Qur’an. It is clear               on what he was able to say.”
to me that these statements must
have come to Muhammad from                        2. Cosmology
God because almost all of this                    There is much information in
knowledge was not discovered                      modern times regarding theories
until many centuries later. This                  about the development of the
proves to me that Muhammed must                   universe and the creation of the
have been a Messenger of God.”                    worlds. This is what God revealed to
                                                  the Prophet Muhammad (saw)
Professor     Marshall      Jonson,               through the Qur’an regarding it,
Chairman of the Department of
Anatomy and Director of the Daniel                “Have     not     those     who
Baugh Institute, at the Thomas                    disbelieve known that the
Jefferson       University       in               heavens and the earth were
Philadelphia, U.S.A., said:                       joined together as one united
                                                  piece, then We parted them.
“As a scientist I can only deal with              And We have made from
things I can specifically see. I can              water every living thing. Will
understand       embryology      and              they not then believe.” (21:30)
developmental biology; I can
18                         What are Islam and Muslims all about?
This verse clearly mentions the                   “Allah is the one who created
common origin of the universe, a                  the night and day, the sun and
fact that was not discovered until                moon. Each one is travelling
forty years ago with the advent of                in an orbit with its own
nuclear physics. The separation                   motion.”
seems to refer to what the scientists
call the “Big Bang”. Also, the Qur’an             The sun is actually in orbit, not
mentions that all living things are               around the earth but around the
composed largely of water, again a                centre of the galaxy, so there is no
scientific fact only recently proven.             contradiction, since the Qur’an does
                                                  not specify the Sun’s orbit.
“Then He rose over towards
the heaven when it was                            “It is He who made the Sun a
smoke, and said to it and to                      shining thing and the moon as
the earth: ‘Come willingly or                     a light, and measured out
unwillingly.’ They both said:                     their stages.” (10:5)
‘We come willingly.’” (41:11)
                                                  The Qur’an describes the Sun as a
The    word     smoke       describes             “siraj” which means a torch,
accurately the primeval state of the              generating its own heat and light
universe, which was composed of a                 where as the Moon is described “an-
hot gaseous mass, with particles                  nur” which is light originating from
moving vigorously, just as in smoke.              another source. Is it merely by
From this the stars, planets and the              chance that a Bedouin arab in the
earth were formed.                                middle of the desert some 1400
                                                  years ago could make such bold
“The heaven, We have built it                     assertions without the help of a
with power, verily We are                         telescope or any magnifying
expanding it.’ (51:47)                            instrumentation?

It is also an accepted fact that we
are living in an expanding universe.

19                         What are Islam and Muslims all about?
3. Geology                                        5. Atomism
“Have We not made the earth                        The Greek philosopher Democritus
an     expanse;   and     the                     (460-361 BC) advanced the theory
mountains stakes?” (78:6-7)                       that matter was composed of tiny,
                                                  indivisible particles called Atoms.
“And Allah has cast into the                      Modern science has discovered that
ground mountains standing                         there is the Atom, but that Atom is
firm so that it does not shake                    divisible and consists of smaller
with you.” (31:10)                                parts. The Qur’an states,

It has recently been discovered that              “He is aware of an atom’s
mountains have roots that go into                 weight in the heavens and on
the earth’s crust which is composed               the earth, and even anything
of seven tectonic plates. Their                   smaller than that.” (34:3)
movement is the cause of
earthquakes. It is thought that the               6. Dermatology
roots and weight of the mountains                 “Those who reject Our signs
play a vital role in stabilizing the              We shall soon cast into the
earth’s crust.                                    fire, As often as their skins are
                                                  roasted through, We shall
4. Animal and Plant life                          change them for fresh skins so
 The sixteenth chapter of the Qur’an              that they may truly taste the
mentions the bee that leaves its                  Penalty, For Allah is exalted
home to gather as feminine,                       in power, wise.” (4:56)
although it has generally been
believed that the bees are soldiers               The nerve ends that feel pain are
and they answer to a King. The                    found in the skin. When the skin is
Qur’an also mentions the sexes of                 severely burnt the nerve ends are
plants and the winds as a means of                destroyed and pain is not felt. In
their fertilization. All recently                 Hell, Allah will recreate the skin so
discovered matters.                               that     its     inhabitants     may
                                                  permanently feel intense pain. This
                                                  is not common knowledge now, let
20                         What are Islam and Muslims all about?
alone in Muhammad’s time. The                     Chairman of the Department of
author of the Qur’an is, however,                 Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and
well acquainted with these facts!                 Dentistry, at the University of
                                                  Manitoba, in Canada commented:
7. The Water Cycle
The Qur’an correctly describes the                “Muhammed was a very ordinary
water cycle, and the origin of                    man, he couldn’t read, didn’t know
underground springs as being from                 how to write, in fact he was an
rain water. Obvious you may think,                illiterate; we’re talking about 1400
but the Greek philosophers did not                years ago you have some illiterate
get it right, suggesting that                     person         making       profound
underground         springs     were              pronouncements and statements
produced by sea spray collecting in               that are accurate of a scientific
caves     which     fed     a   great             nature. I personally can’t see how
underground sea through the                       this could be a mere chance, there
‘abyss’! In fact the water cycle was              are too many accuracies. I have no
not accurately propounded until the               difficulty in my mind reconciling
18th century. The Qur’an, however,                that this is a divine inspiration or a
states:                                           revelation which led him to these
“Hast though not seen that
Allah sent water down from                        Let us not forget the words of Dr,
the sky and led it through                        Bucaille that these facts “appear as
sources into the ground?”                         a challenge to explanation in
(39:21)                                           human terms.” And Professor
                                                  Persud’s statement that it cannot be
For the sake of brevity, we have                  coincidence, there are too many
only mentioned a few of the                       accuracies! The probability against
statements and provided limited                   Muhammad taking wild guesses
explanation of the statements                     and getting each fact right are
contained in the Qur’an and                       indeed        phenomenal!      These
traditions dealing with scientific                scientists, renowned experts in their
subjects.    Professor    Persud,                 fields, like the Arabs who had
21                         What are Islam and Muslims all about?
mastered their language in the time               history of recording the Qur’an,
of the Prophet, recognize the clear               compiling     its    chapters    and
proof and miraculous nature of the                conserving its text is beyond any
Qur’an. Allaah (swt) says in the                  doubt not only in the minds of the
Qur’an,                                           Muslims but also in the minds of
                                                  honest and serious scholars. This is
“We will show them our signs                      a historical fact which no scholar
on the furthest horizons and                      from any faith who respects his
within themselves until they                      knowledge and integrity has ever
know that this is the truth.”                     questioned. As a matter of fact, it is
                                                  Muhammads’ standing miracle that
The Qur’an is consistent with                     if all mankind were to work
external realities, and it is also                together they could not produce the
consistent internally. It is the                  like of one Qur’anic chapter.
nature of the works of men, be they
scientists, philosophers, sages or                         Muhammad (saw) and
mystics to contain inconsistencies                                 Prophecies
and contradictions. This cannot be
so with the Divine Revelation as the              One of the gold standards a lot of
Qur’an states:                                    people use to judge whether or not a
                                                  person is capable of being an
“Have they not carefully                          apostle of God is whether their
considered the Qur’an, had it                     prophecies turn out to be true of
been from other than Allah                        false. Of course, if one was receiving
they would have found many                        true revelation from the creator of
discrepancies within.”                            the universe, then not a single
                                                  prophecy should ever be incorrect.
In testimony to God’s conservation,               We will mention a few of the
the Qur’an is the only Scripture in               numerous prophecies made by the
human history that has been                       Prophet Muhammad (saw) 1400
preserved in complete and original                years previous.
version without the slightest change
in style or even punctuation’s. The
22                         What are Islam and Muslims all about?
1. The Qur’an mentions,                           translated “a few”, is bid’a, which
“The Roman Empire has been                        actually means from three to nine
defeated in a land close by;                      years. By the year 623, Heraclius,
but they, even after this                         the Byzantine Roman Emperor,
defeat, will gain victory in a                    took to the field and vanquished the
few years. Allah’s is the                         Persians in a series of battles,
command, in the past and in                       culminating in the battle of Niveveh
the future. On that day shall                     in 627. At this same time the
the believers rejoice, with the                   Muslims had been victorious over
help of Allah, He helps whom                      the pagan Quraish and were
He wills. And He is the mighty                    rejoicing, as the Qur’an foretold.
and the most Merciful. It is the
promise of Allah. Allah never                     2. The Prophet (saw) also predicted
departs from His promise: but                     the capture of Egypt, and told his
most men understand not.                          companions to treat the people well,
They crave for the outer                          and that they would seize the
things of life, but of the                        treasures of the Persian Choseros
hereafter they are heedless.”                     (Emperor), who lives in the white
(30:1-7)                                          palace,    all  of    which    they
                                                  accomplished, and that Suraqa bin
 The Eastern Roman (i.e. Byzantine)               Malik (one of the companions)
Empire suffered a massive defeat at               would have the bracelets of Caesar
the hands of the Persians who                     put on his hands. So it happened
captured Jerusalem in 614, and                    that some such bracelets fell into
after that Egypt and Syria fell, and              the possession of ‘Umar and he
Constantinople was laid siege to -                called Suraqa, and placed the
(“a land close by”). The pagan Arabs              bracelets on him, reminding him of
delighted in this, as it seemed to                the Prophet’s words.
signal to them the success of
idolatry over the followers of                    3. The Prophet mentioned that the
revelation. When this verse was                   Muslims would conquer both Rome
revealed it seemed impossible that                and Constantinople. He was asked
Rome would recover. The word,                     which would fall first, and the
23                         What are Islam and Muslims all about?
Prophet said: “The city of                          camels and sheep, are competing in
Heraclius”, i.e. Constantinople.                    building the tallest tower blocks
Constantinople was taken by the                     such as in Dubai or the UAE.
Muslims in the fifteenth century.
Rome still remains to be conquered,                 b. The Mosques would be like
as it will be. So the order is correct,             palaces. This is clearly the case,
and rest still to be fulfilled. What is             even though the Prophet ordered
noteworthy about these statements                   simplicity in the houses of Allah, the
of the Prophet is that they were                    mosques have become more and
made at a time when no one could                    more fantastic, with golden domes,
imagine that a small city state,                    marbled floors, lavish carpets and
permanently under siege by the                      chandeliers.
pagan Arabs, would reach such
heights of power and strength, and                  c.        Disappearance        of
that these predictions are not                      trustworthiness, so much so that
couched in some vague terminology                   one would only be able to say: “I
open to various interpretations, like               know a trustworthy person in
the meanderings of Nostradamus.                     such-and-such town”.
The language is clear, their
assertions direct, and often with                   d. The increase in killing, so that the
specific names and dates.                           one who kills does not know why he
                                                    killed, and the one killed does not
4. The Prophet mentioned that                       know why he was killed. The
there would be signs forewarning                    massacre of civilians in the Vietnam
the approach of the Final Day.                      War, the Afghanistan and Iraq wars
Among those that have clearly come                  by American troops who had little
to pass are:                                        idea why they were there, and the
                                                    increase of such conflicts, is further
a.   The    barefooted   bedouins                   illustration of the fulfilment of this
competing     in   building    tall                 prophecy. As are the rise of insane
buildings. Today we find in the                     mass murders, of children killing
Arabian Peninsula, the Arabs who                    children, such as Jamie Bulger.
used to be impoverished herders of
24                           What are Islam and Muslims all about?
e. The increase of the use of riba                    oppressors, just look to George
(usury/interest) so that no one will                  Bush and many of the leaders of the
able to escape being tainted by it.                   Middle East.
This clearly the state of the world
economy today with the rise of the                    k. A man will obey his wife and
usage of Credit Cards, Hire                           disobey his mother, and treat his
purchase agreements and bank                          friends kindly and shun his father.
                                                      So these are just some of the
f. The enemies of the Muslims                         numerous          prophecies    of
dividing the Muslim’s wealth and                      Muhammad, that have clearly come
lands between them, the Muslims                       true, and some have been fulfilled
abandoning jihad, and concerning                      in this age in which we live, all
themselves only with the worldly                      adding weight to the evidence in
matters.    We    have    already                     favour of his claim.
mentioned this.
                                                                Basic Muslim Beliefs
g. The increase of literacy.
                                                      We have mentioned some of the
h.   The     increase   of    sexual                  undisputable facts found within the
promiscuity, and new diseases that                    Qur’an which confirm that the Book
people had not herd of before                         is one of the divine books revealed
spreading amongst them as a                           from the Creator of the universe to
consequence of that. This is clear,                   mankind. The Qur’an is the
with the arrival of AIDS, and other                   cornerstone of a Muslim believers
previously unheard of viruses.                        faith and as such a Muslim cannot
                                                      be a Muslim without believing in
i. The drinking of wine and                           and following its commands. We
intoxicants becoming common and                       will mention a few other matters
widespread.                                           that are considered by the Muslims
                                                      principals that all Muslims believe
j. The worst and most ignorant will                   in and are guided by. The true,
become leaders and they will be
25                             What are Islam and Muslims all about?
faithful Muslim believes in the                   same time to the same nation. The
following,                                        Holy Qur’an mentions the names of
                                                  twenty-five of them, and the
Creator                                           Muslim believes in them all and
He believes in One God, Supreme                   accepts       them     as    authorized
and Eternal, Infinite and Mighty,                 messengers of God. They were, with
Merciful     and     Compassionate,               the exception of Muhammad,
Creator and Provider. This belief, in             known as “national” or local
order to be effective, requires                   messengers. But their message,
complete trust and hope in God,                   their religion, was basically the
submission to His Will and reliance               same and was called ISLAM,
on His aid. It secures man’s dignity              because it came from One and the
and saves him from fear and                       Same Source, namely, God, to serve
despair, from guilt and confusion.                one and the same purpose, and that
The reader is invited to see the                  is to guide humanity to the Straight
meaning of Islam as explained                     Path of God. All the messengers
above.                                            with no exception whatsoever were
                                                  mortals, human beings, endowed
Messengers                                        with      Divine     revelation,   and
He believes in all the messengers of              appointed by God to perform
God without any discrimination                    certain      tasks.    Among      them
among them. Every known nation                    Muhammad stands as the Last
had a warner or messenger from                    Messenger and the crowning glory
God. These messengers were great                  of the foundation of prophethood.
teachers of the good and true                     This is not an arbitrary attitude, nor
champions of the right. They were                 is it just a convenient belief. Like all
chosen by God to teach mankind                    the other Islamic beliefs, it is an
and deliver His Divine message.                   authentic and logical truth. Also, it
They were sent at different times of              may be useful to mention here the
history and every known nation had                names of some of the great
one messenger or more. During                     messengers        like    Noah     and
certain periods two or more                       Abraham, Ishmael and Moses,
messengers were sent by God at the                Jesus and Muhammad, may the
26                         What are Islam and Muslims all about?
peace and blessings of God be upon                the Qur’an. In principle, the Muslim
them all. The Qur’an commands the                 believes in the previous books and
Muslims thus:                                     revelations. But where are their
                                                  complete and original versions?
“We believe in God, and the                       They could be still at the bottom of
revelation given to us, and to                    the Dead Sea, and there may be
Abraham,     Ishmael,   Isaac,                    more Scrolls to be discovered. Or
Jacob and the Tribes; and that                    perhaps more information about
which was given to Moses and                      them will become available when
Jesus, and that which was                         the     Christian     and     Jewish
given to all prophets from                        archaeologists reveal to the public
their Lord. We make no                            the complete original findings of
discrimination between one                        their continued excavations in the
and another of them, and we                       Holy Land. For the Muslim, there is
bow to God.”                                      no problem of that kind. The Qur’an
                                                  is in his hand complete and
Scriptures                                        authentic. Nothing of it is missing
The true Muslim believes, as a                    and no more of it is expected. Its
result of article two, in all the                 authenticity is beyond doubt, and
scriptures and revelations of God.                no serious scholar or thinker has
They were the guiding light which                 ventured      to     question     its
the messengers received to show                   genuineness. The Qur’an was made
their respective peoples the Right                so by God Who revealed it and
Path of God. In the Qur’an a special              made it incumbent upon Himself to
reference is made to the books of                 protect it against interpolation and
Abraham, Moses, David and Jesus.                  corruption of all kinds. Thus it is
But long before the revelation of the             given to the Muslims as the
Qur’an to Muhammad some of                        standard or criterion by which all
those books and revelations had                   the other books are judged. So
been lost or corrupted, others                    whatever agrees with the Qur’an is
forgotten, neglected, or concealed.               accepted as Divine truth, and
The only authentic and complete                   whatever differs from the Qur’an is
book of God in existence today is
27                         What are Islam and Muslims all about?
either rejected or suspended. God                  evil ones. That is the Day of Justice
says:                                              and final settlement of all accounts.

‘Verily We have, without                           Belief in the Day of Judgment is the
doubt, sent down the Qur’an,                       final relieving answer to many
and We will assuredly guard                        complicated problems of our world.
it’                                                There are people who commit sins,
                                                   neglect God and indulge in immoral
Day of Reckoning                                   activities, yet they seem to be
The true Muslim believes in the                    “superficially”       successful     in
Last Day of Judgement. This world                  business and prosperous in life.
will come to an end some day, and                  And there are virtuous and God-
the dead will rise to stand for their              minded people, yet they seem to be
final and fair trial. Everything we do             getting less rewards for their sincere
in this world, every intention we                  effort, and more suffering in the
have, every move we make, every                    present world. This is puzzling and
thought we entertain, and every                    incompatible with the Justice of
word we say, all are counted and                   God. If the guilty people can escape
kept in accurate records. On the                   the mundane law unharmed and, in
Day of Judgement they will be                      addition, be more prosperous, what
brought up. People with good                       is, then, left for the virtuous people?
records will be generously rewarded                What will promote the cause of
and warmly welcomed to the                         morality and goodness? There must
Heaven of God, and those with bad                  be some way to reward goodness
records will be punished and cast                  and arrest evil. If this is not done
into Hell. In Heaven, said                         here on this earth-and we know that
Muhammad, there are things which                   it is not done regularly or
no eye has ever seen, no ear has                   immediately it has to be done some
ever heard, and no mind has ever                   day, and that is the Day of
conceived. However, the Muslim                     Judgment. This is not to condone
believes that there definitely will be             injustice or tolerate mischief in this
compensation and reward for the                    world. It is not to sedate the
good deeds, and punishment for the                 deprived        or     comfort    their
28                          What are Islam and Muslims all about?
exploiters; rather, it is to warn the              Purpose of Creation
deviants from the Right Path and                   The true Muslim believes that God’s
remind them that the Justice of God                creation is meaningful and that life
shall run its full course sooner or                has a sublime purpose beyond the
later.                                             physical needs and material
                                                   activities of man. The purpose of
Nature of the Creator                              life is to worship God. This does not
The true Muslim believes in the                    simply mean that we have to spend
timeless knowledge of God and in                   our entire lives inconstant seclusion
His power to plan and execute His                  and absolute meditation. To
plans. God is not indifferent to this              worship God is to know Him; to
world nor is He neutral to it. His                 love      Him;       to    obey    His
knowledge and power are in action                  commandments; to enforce His law
at all times to keep order in His vast             in every aspect of life; to serve His
domain and maintain full command                   cause by doing the right and
over His creation. He is Wise and                  shunning the evil; and to be just to
Loving, and whatever He does must                  Him, to ourselves, and to our fellow
have a good motive and meaningful                  human being and To worship God is
purpose. If this is established in our             to “live” life not to run away from it.
minds, we should accept with good
Faith all that He does, although we                In brief, to worship God is to instil
may fail to understand it fully, or                ourselves with His Supreme
even think it is bad. We should have               Attributes. This is by no means a
strong Faith in Him and accept                     simple statement, nor is it an
whatever He does because our                       oversimplification of the matter. It
knowledge is limited and our                       is   most     comprehensive      and
thinking is based on individual or                 conclusive. So if life has a purpose
personal considerations, whereas                   and if man is created to serve that
His knowledge is limitless and He                  purpose, then he cannot escape the
plans on a universal basis.                        responsibility. He cannot deny His
                                                   existence or ignore the vital role he
                                                   has to play. When God charges him
                                                   with any responsibility, He provides
29                          What are Islam and Muslims all about?
him with all the required assistance.              Freedom
He endows him with intelligence                    This Islamic concept of freedom is
and power to choose his course of                  based upon the principle of God’s
conduct. Man, thus, is strongly                    justice and the individual’s direct
commended by God to exert his                      responsibility to God. Each person
utmost to fully serve the purpose of               must beat his own burden and be
his existence. Should he fail to do                responsible for his own actions,
that, or misuse his life or neglect-               because no one can expiate for
his duties, he shall be responsible to             another’s sin. Thus, a Muslim
God for his wrong deeds.                           believes that if Adam had
                                                   committed the First Sin, it was his
Original Sin?                                      own responsibility to expiate for
The true Muslim believes that every                that sin. To assume that God was
person is born free from sin and all               unable to forgive Adam and had to
claims to inherited virtue. He is like             make somebody else expiate for his
a blank book. When the person                      sin, or to assume that Adam did not
reaches the age of maturity he                     pray for pardon or prayed for it but
becomes accountable for his deeds                  it was not granted, would be
and intentions, if his development                 extremely unlikely and contrary to
is normal and if he is sane. Man is                God’s mercy and justice as well as to
not only free from sin until he                    His attribute of forgiveness and
commits sin, but he is also free to                power to forgive. To assume the
do things according to his plans on                said hypothesis, would be an
his own responsibility. This dual                  audacious defiance of common
freedom: freedom from sin and                      sense and flagrant violation of the
freedom to do effective things,                    very concept of God.
clears the Muslim’s conscience from
the heavy pressure of Inherited Sin.               On this rational basis as well as on
It relieves his soul and mind from                 the authority of the Qur’an, the
the unnecessary strains of the                     Muslim believes that Adam realized
Doctrine of Original Sin.                          what he had committed and prayed
                                                   to God for pardon, as any other
                                                   sensible sinner would. It is also on
30                          What are Islam and Muslims all about?
the same basis, the Muslim                          concerned. It also shows that no
believes, that God, the Forgiving                   one can act on behalf of another or
and Merciful, granted Adam                          intercede between him and God.
pardon. Hence, the Muslim cannot
possibly accept the doctrine that                   Blind Faith
Adam with the whole human race                      The true Muslim believes that Faith
had     been      condemned      and                is not complete when it is followed
unforgiven until Jesus came to                      blindly or accepted unquestioningly
expiate for their sins. Consequently,               unless the believer is reasonably
the Muslim cannot entertain the                     satisfied. If Faith is to inspire
dramatic story of Jesus’ death on                   action, and if Faith and action are to
the cross just to do away with all                  lead to salvation, then Faith must
human sins once and for all.                        be     founded       on      unshakable
                                                    convictions without any deception
Way for Salvation                                   or compulsion. In other words, the
The true Muslim believes that man                   person who calls himself a Muslim
must work out his salvation through                 because of his family traditions, or
the guidance of God. This means                     accepts Islam under coercion or
that in order to attain salvation a                 blind imitation is not a complete
person must combine Faith and                       Muslim in the sight of God. A
action, belief and practice. Faith                  Muslim must build his Faith on
without action is as insufficient as                well-grounded convictions beyond
action without Faith. In other                      any reasonable doubt and above
words, no one can attain salvation                  uncertainty. If he is not certain
until his Faith in God becomes                      about his Faith, he is invited by God
dynamic in his life and his beliefs                 to search in the open book of
are translated into reality. This is in             Nature, to use his reasoning
complete harmony with the other                     powers, and to reflect on the
Islamic articles of Faith. It shows                 teachings of the Qur’an. He must
that God does not accept lip service,               search for the indisputable truth
and that no true believer can be                    until he finds it, and he will
indifferent as far as the practical                 certainly find it, if he is capable and
requirements      of     Faith     are              serious enough.
31                           What are Islam and Muslims all about?
                                                   regards to Islam’s treatment of
This is why Islam demands sound                    women are probably the most
convictions and opposes blind                      severe. Numerous verses of the
imitation. Every person who is duly                Qur’an make it clear that men and
qualified as a genuine earnest                     women are equal in the site of God.
thinker is enjoined by Islam to                    According to the teachings of Islam,
employ his faculties he fullest                    the only thing that distinguishes
extent. But if a person is unqualified             people in the site of God is their
or uncertain of himself, he should                 level of God-consciousness. Due to
pursue his thinking only as far as                 this, many people are surprised to
limits can take him. It will be quite              find out that Islamic Law
in order for such a person to rely                 guaranteed rights to women over
only on the authentic sources of                   1400 years ago that women in the
religion, which are sufficient in                  Europe and America only obtained
themselves, without applying to                    recently.
them any critical questioning of
which he is incapable. The point is                For example, Islam clearly teaches
that no one call himself a true                    that a woman is a full-person under
Muslim unless his Faith is based on                the law, and is the spiritual equal of
strong convictions and his mind is                 a male. Also, according to Islamic
clear from doubts. Because Islam is                Law, women have the right to own
complete only when it is based on                  property, operate a business and
strong convictions and freedom of                  receive equal pay for equal work.
choice and cannot be forced upon                   Women are allowed total control of
anybody.                                           their wealth, they cannot be
                                                   married against their will and they
        Islam and Women                            are allowed to keep their own name
                                                   when married. Additionally, they
Even though many aspects of Islam                  have the right to inherit property
are   misunderstood    by    non-                  and to have their marriage
Muslims,       the     ignorance,                  dissolved in the case of neglect or
misinformation     and   incorrect                 mistreatment. Also, Islam does not
assumptions that are made in                       consider     woman        an     “evil
32                          What are Islam and Muslims all about?
temptress”, and thus does not                     came about after the West
blame woman for the “original sin”.               abandoned religion for secularism.
Women in Islam participate in all                 Even those in the West who claim to
forms of worship that men                         follow the so-called “Judeo-
participate in. Actually, the rights              Christian tradition” really follow the
that Islam gave to women over 1400                values of Western liberalism; but
years ago were almost unheard of in               just to a lesser degree than their
the West until the 1900s.                         more liberal countrymen.

Less than fifty years ago in England              If women in the Muslim World
and America, a woman could not                    today don’t have their rights, it is
buy a house or car without the co-                not because Islam did not give them
signature of her father or husband!               to them. The problem is that in
Additionally, Islam gives great                   many places alien traditions have
respect to women and their role in                come to overshadow the teachings
society; it gives them the right to               of Islam, either through ignorance
own property, marry who they want                 or the impact of Colonialisation.
and many other rights. Also, it
should be mentioned that the                                  Summary and Call
Prophet Muhammad’s mission
stopped many of the horrible                      Having read this short work, we
practices in regards to women that                hope that your eyes have been
were present in the society of his                opened to the Islamic way of life,
time. For example, the Qur’an put                 and we have contributed at least a
an end to the pagan Arab practice of              little     to     improving        your
killing their baby daughters when                 understanding about the Muslim
they were born. Additionally, Islam               faith. However, knowledge is of
put restrictions on the unrestricted              little benefit if one does not act
polygamy of the Arabs of the time,                upon it; rather if one believes that
and put many laws in place to                     some truths have been mentioned
protect the well-being of women.                  in this leaflet then one should strive
Today, most of the so-called                      hard to investigate them further
reforms in the status of women                    and accept the call if it is the Truth.
33                         What are Islam and Muslims all about?
34   What are Islam and Muslims all about?

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