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					Employment Characteristics in the
NWT Diamond Industry



    NWT Bureau of Statistics
    June 29, 2005
Presentation Overview

 With two operating diamond mines operating in the Northwest
  Territories and a third under construction, the diamond industry is
  having a significant impact on the NWT labour market.
 The purpose of this presentation is:
               to examine some of the characteristics of NWT residents who work
                in the diamond industry; and
               identify some of the overall employment and income impacts of the
                industry.
 Much of the data presented is from the 2004 NWT Community
  Survey. While this data shows point in time information, it does
  provide a basis for understanding characteristics of NWT
  residents working in the diamond industry.
 The profile information presented DOES NOT include rotational
  workers residing in southern Canada who work in the diamond
  industry.

NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                            2
Profile of NWT Residents in the Diamond Industry
      Diamond Industry Employment, by Region

No.
            1000

             900

             800

             700

             600

             500

             400

             300

             200

             100

                0
                        Ye llowknife   North Slav e   South Slav e   De h Cho   Sahtu & Be aufort
                                                                                     De lta



            Overall from the 2004 NWT Community Survey, some 1,314 territorial
             residents identified themselves as working for the diamond industry.

      NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                      4
Diamond Industry Employment, by Selected Communities

       Fort Re solution

                  N'dilo

               We kwe ti

      Fort Prov ide nce

             Rae Lake s
                                               The re we re some 906 diamond
                 Wha Ti                        e mploye e s in Ye llowknife
                                               (e xcl. N'dilo)
                  De tah

             Fort Smith

              Rae -Edzo

              Hay Riv e r

                            0   20   40   60           80          100         120   No.




      Outside of Yellowknife, Fort Smith, Rae-Edzo and Hay River were the
       communities with the largest number of diamond industry employees.

NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                   5
      Yellowknife Diamond Industry Employment, by Ethnic Group

No.
            800


            700


            600


            500


            400


            300


            200


            100


               0
                                 Aboriginal            Non-Aboriginal



            For Yellowknife, some 222 diamond industry employees were aboriginal
             out of the 906 total (excl. N’dilo).

      NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                      6
      YK Aboriginal Employment in the Diamond Industry, by Mobility Status

No.
            140


            120


            100


             80


             60


             40


             20


               0
                            Liv e d in Ye llowknife 5 Ye ars Ago   Liv e d in Anothe r Community



            About 44% of aboriginal diamond industry employees from Yellowknife,
             lived in a different community 5 years previously.

      NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                     7
Diamond Industry Employment, by Ethnic Group

      100%

       90%

       80%
                                                 Non-Aboriginal
       70%
                                                 Aboriginal
       60%

       50%

       40%

       30%

       20%

       10%

         0%
                           Diamond Employe e s                    All Employe d


      Overall, aboriginal employees represented 39% of all NWT employees in the
       diamond industry. In the overall labour market aboriginal persons represent 34%
       of employed persons.
NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                 8
      Non-Aboriginal Diamond Employment, by Length of Residency

No.
            350


            300


            250


            200


            150


            100


             50


               0
                       Le ss than 5 Yrs.   5 to 10 Yrs.   10 to 19 Yrs.   20 Yrs. or M ore



            For non-aboriginals in the diamond industry, some 325 have lived in the
             NWT for less than 10 years.

      NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                               9
Diamond Industry Employment, by Gender

      100%

       90%

       80%
                                                 Fe male
       70%
                                                 M ale
       60%

       50%

       40%

       30%

       20%

       10%

         0%
                           Diamond Employe e s             All Employe d



      Males represent 84% of NWT resident diamond industry employees
       compared with 54% of employees in the overall economy.

NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                   10
Diamond Industry Employment, by Age Group

      100%

       90%

       80%                                       50+
                                                 40-49
       70%                                       30-39
                                                 20-29
       60%                                       15-19

       50%

       40%

       30%

       20%

       10%

         0%
                           Diamond Employe e s           All Employe d



      For diamond employees, some 54% are over the age of 40. This compares with
       46% of all employed persons being 40 years of age or older.

NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                            11
      Occupations in the Diamond Industry, by Age Group

No.           900


              800
                                 50+
              700                40-49
                                 30-39
              600                20-29


              500


              400


              300


              200


              100


                 0
                                 M anage me nt   Admin & Te chnical   Trade s, Transp. & Othe r Primary




            Employees over the age of 40 are more common among management
             and technical and administrative positions.

      NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                            12
Diamond Industry Employment, by Education Level

        100%

          90%

          80%

          70%                                    Univ e rsity
                                                 Ce rt or Diploma
          60%                                    HS Diploma
                                                 Gr 9-11
          50%
                                                 Lt Gr 9
          40%

          30%

          20%

          10%

           0%
                           Diamond Employe e s                      All Employe d



      About 61% of resident diamond industry employees have completed a post-
       secondary education and 83% have at least high school. These numbers are
       slightly higher than the labour market as a whole.
NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                            13
Skill Type of Diamond Industry Employment

        100%

          90%

          80%

          70%
                                                 Unskille d
          60%
                                                 Low
                                                 M e dium
          50%
                                                 High
          40%

          30%

          20%

          10%

           0%
                           Diamond Employe e s                All Employe d



      The skill profile of resident employees of the diamond industry match education
       levels with 58% in medium or high skill jobs (these normally require post-
       secondary).
NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                 14
Skill Type of Aboriginal and All Diamond Industry Employees

        100%

          90%

          80%

          70%
                                            Unskille d
          60%                               Low
                                            M e dium
          50%                               High

          40%

          30%

          20%

          10%

           0%
                           Aboriginal                       All Employe e s



      Examining the skill type for positions held by aboriginal employees, indicates that
       70% of aboriginal employees are in low skill or unskilled occupations.

NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                 15
Harvesting Activity of Aboriginal Males

%
      70.0
                                                                 Trappe d
                                                                 Hunte d or Fishe d
      60.0


      50.0


      40.0


      30.0


      20.0


      10.0


       0.0
                    Diamond Employe e s   All Employe d           All M ale s



      Examining harvesting activity among aboriginal males indicates that 66% of
       diamond employees hunted or fished, compared with 62% for employed
       aboriginal males and 57% for all aboriginal males. Trapping rates were similar.
NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                 16
Intensity of Hunting & Fishing Activity for Aboriginal Males

         100%



          80%



          60%



          40%



          20%



            0%
                           Diamond Employe e s              All Employe d                   All M ale s

                            Fre que ntly                              Occasional, M ore the Day Trips
                            Occasional, Only Day Trips or We e ke nds Rare ly Hunts or Fishe s
                            Othe r



      However, for those that hunt and fish, the intensity was lower 9% hunting
       or fishing frequently compared with 21% for all aboriginal males.

NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                                  17
Aboriginal Persons, by Work Pattern in 2003

          100%

           90%

           80%

           70%

           60%

           50%

           40%

           30%

           20%

           10%

            0%
                           Diamond Employe e s           All Employe d                All Aboriginal

                                 10 - 12 months   7 - 9 months   4 - 6 months   Le ss than 3 months


      Not surprisingly, aboriginal diamond industry employees were more likely
       to have worked full-year than all employed or all aboriginal males.

NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                               18
Overall Diamond Industry Impacts on
Employment and Income
      Indirect & Induced Jobs Related to Diamond Industry

No.
            180

            160

            140

            120

            100

             80

             60

             40

             20

               0
                      Whole sale & Re tail   Transportation   Accom & Food Se rv . Prof. Scie ntific & Te ch
                                                                                          Se rv ice s



            Modelling results would suggest that in addition to the 1,314 direct resident
             employment, there are an estimated 650 jobs that are indirectly associated with
             support for the diamond industry.
      NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                                 20
Percent Change in Employment Income, 1994-2003

%
      120.0



      100.0



       80.0



       60.0



       40.0



       20.0



         0.0
                   NWT     Be aufort-   Sahtu   De h Cho   South    North    Ye llowknife
                             De lta                        Slav e   Slav e



      While employment income has increased by about 46% between 1994 and 2003
       in the NWT, in the North Slave Region it has more than doubled.

NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                    21
     Total Employment Income, North Slave 1994-2003

$million
           40


           35


           30


           25


           20


           15


           10


            5


            0
                   1994         1995   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003



           Total employment income in the North Slave Region has increased from
            about $17 million in 1994 to about $36 million in 2003.

     NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                  22
North Slave Employment Rate, 1986-2004

%
      50.0

      45.0

      40.0

      35.0

      30.0

      25.0

      20.0

      15.0

      10.0

       5.0

       0.0
                 1986      1989   1991   1994   1996   1999    2001    2004



      The point in time employment rates show modest improvement in the North Slave.
       However, with population increases the total number of jobs increased by about
       44% between 1994 and 2004.
NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                           23
Percent of Persons Working More than 26 Weeks, North Slave

%
      40.0


      35.0


      30.0


      25.0


      20.0


      15.0


      10.0


       5.0


       0.0
                    1988   1993      1995        1998       2000        2003

      The increase in employment, coupled with the fact that the percentage of persons
       working more than 26 weeks has increased from 20% to 34% between 1988 and
       2004 explains the overall employment income increases.

NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                             24
      Family Income Distribution, North Slave Region

No.
            700
                                 >$60k
            600                  $25k-$60k
                                 <$25k

            500


            400


            300


            200


            100


               0
                     1994         1995       1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003



            Examining family income distribution shows the reversal in distributions
             between 1994 and 2004.

      NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                       25
      Mining, Oil & Gas Employment, Selected Communities

No.            120


                                 1996
               100
                                 2004


                80



                60



                40



                20



                  0
                                  Fort Smith              Hay Riv e r




            Mining employment has had a significant impact in Fort Smith and Hay
             River between 1996 and 2004.

      NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                      26
      Mining, Oil & Gas Employment, Selected Communities

No.
              1200


                                 1996
              1000               2004



               800



               600



               400



               200



                  0
                                                Ye llowknife


            The diamond industry has meant that mine employment in Yellowknife is slightly
             higher in 2004 than it was in 1996 even though the Giant and Con gold mines
             closed in this period.
      NWT Bureau of Statistics                                                                27
Random Thoughts

 It is clear that the diamond industry has had a positive impact on
  employment in the Northwest Territories.
 In addition to Yellowknife and the North Slave Region,
  communities in the South Slave have also had some
  employment impacts from the industry.
 Under-representation of women and aboriginal persons are
  challenges faced by the industry.
 While diamond employment does not seem to impact
  participation in harvesting, it does appear to impact the nature of
  the involvement.
 Incomes have been most significantly impacted in the North
  Slave communities, which is the result of more and longer
  duration employment.


NWT Bureau of Statistics                                            28

				
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