June 1998 COPESCAL/98/2 COMMISSION FOR INLAND FISHERIES OF LATIN AMERICA (COPESCAL) Eighth Session Belem, Brazil, 11 to 14 August 1998 PROGRESS REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE SEVENTH SESSION INTRODUCTION 1. The purpose of this document is to inform the Commission on progress achieved and actions taken by the Secretariat in follow-up to the conclusions and recommendations of its Seventh Session (Santa Cruz, Bolivia, 16 - 20 January 1995). Information regarding additional relevant FAO activities undertaken, in progress or planned at national or regional level are given in Document COPESCAL/98/Inf. 8 2. The follow-up actions listed below refer specifically to the topics discussed during the previous session and the related recommendations as summarized in Appendix E (Page 35) of the Session’s report (COPESCAL 98/Inf.3) ACTIONS TAKEN ON SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS INTER-SESSIONAL ACTIVITIES (Item 3 of the Agenda) Treat the problems related to the marketing of inland fishery and aquaculture products as the main subject for the Fifth Session of the Working Party on Fisheries Technology (para 16 of the report). 3. The Fifth Session of the Working Party on Fishery Technology (Asuncion, Paraguay, September 1996) dealt specifically with marketing of inland fishery and aquaculture products. The Conclusion and recommendations of the Working Party, given in Document COPESCAL/98/Inf.4, will be discussed under Item 4 of the Provisional Agenda. Consider the effects of pollution on the inland fishery resources in the Region as a priority topic for the Seventh Session of the Working Party on Fishery Resources (para 17 of the report). 4. The effects of pollution on inland fishery resources in the Region was reviewed by the Working Party on Fishery Resources during its Seventh Session (Santa Cruz, Bolivia, May 1997). 5. The meeting concluded that the high level of pollution observed in many aquatic systems in the region, specially the pollution by heavy metals, has prevented the consumption of fish or have provoke great fish mortalities in many places. It was recommended that the Governments give due consideration to fisheries in the use of hydrographic basins. Identify a group of experts to gather information and prepare technical documentation on the pollution of the aquatic environment, the effects of aquatic pollution on fishery resources and the control and management of fishery resources degradation problems (para 17 of the report). 6. This recommendation could not be implemented due to financial constraints experienced by the technical unit and also due to changes of priorities of work assigned to the officer concerned with these activities. SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIODIVERSITY (Item 4 of the Agenda) Continue the gathering of data about introductions and its addition to the FAO Data Bank (para 35 of the report). 7. The FAO Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service has continued gathering information on aquatic species introductions. The Data Base maintained by this Service is available to Member Countries upon request. Consider the impact of introductions in Latin America as a priority subject for the Working Party on Fishery Resources (para 35 of the report). 8. The impact of aquatic introductions was discussed in general by the Working Party on Fishery Resources during its Seventh Session (Bolivia, May 1997). SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF INLAND FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN LATIN AMERICA (Item 5 of the Agenda) Undertake the following activities, whose results should come together in the Commission's Working Parties (para 45 of the report): - to introduce the analysis of relevant questions relating to the economic and social aspects of inland fisheries and aquaculture to the agenda of the subsequent sessions of the Commission and its subsidiary bodies; - to identify economists, sociologists, anthropologists and other related specialists, with experience in the analysis of inland fisheries and aquaculture in the countries of the Region; - to study the consequences of the increased foreign and local demand for fish on the economic and social aspects of inland fisheries and aquaculture in selected countries of Latin America; - to study the commonly used marketing systems for fisheries and aquaculture products in selected countries of Latin America and to define the focus of a pilot project; - to undertake case studies in selected countries about the difficulties of applying regulations in uncertain legal systems where shared fisheries resources are affected, identifying possible technical solutions; - to begin studying present systems of access in selected Latin American countries, placing special emphasis on traditional systems; - to analyze the probable economic and social impact of Mercosur on inland fisheries and aquaculture in countries of the Region. 9. The technical papers prepared for the Fifth Session of the Working Party on Fishery Technology (Paraguay, September 1996) included studies of marketing systems for inland fisheries and aquaculture products in selected countries of the Region. 10. The Working Party on Fishery Technology has recommended the holding of a Workshop to discuss the domestic marketing of fishery products in South American Countries, inviting Mercosur and INFOPESCA to participate in its organization. Paraguay has informally offered to host the event. The workshop is tentatively planned for the end of 1998 or beginning 1999. 11. As part of the FAO support to fishery sectoral analyses, assistance on policy, strategies and institutional modernization for inland fishery and aqauculture has been provided to Guatemala, Ecuador and El Salvador. Assistance on policy for aquaculture development has also been provided to Cuba. 12. The situation, trends and possible future scenarios for inland fisheries and aquaculture have been included as part of the review of global trends of the fishery sector in the Region. The output of this work has been published in the FAO Fisheries Circular No. 91 “ Fisheries and Aquaculture in Latin America and the Caribbean: Situation and Prospective in 1996” . INTERNATIONAL GUIDELINES RELATIVE TO AQUACULTURE (Item 6 of the Agenda) Widely distribute the draft of the Code among technical institutions in the Region (para 46 of the report). 13. The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries was adopted in October 1995. The document has been published in FAO languages and widely distributed to all Member Countries. In addition, the FAO Fisheries Department has published technical guidelines on inland fisheries and aquaculture development in order to assist those concerned with the implementation of relevant provisions of the Code. Refer to specialists in pathology of aquatic organisms instead of veterinarians and revise the terminology used in the document for its correction before being presented for adoption (para 50 and 51 of the report). 14. The terminology used in the Draft FAO/WHO Code of Hygienic Practices for Aquaculture Products was revised. DEVELOPMENT-ORIENTED RESEARCH PRIORITIES IN INLAND FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN LATIN AMERICA (Item 7 of the Agenda) Include the establishment of technology research priorities among the agenda topics for the Fifth Session of the Working Party on Fisheries Technology (para 59 of the report). 15. The establishment of technology research priorities was included as an agenda item by the Working Party on Fisheries Technology during its Fifth Session held in Asuncion, Paraguay, in September 1996. Document COPESCAL/98/Inf.4 provides the list of technology research priority areas recommended. PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF LEGISLATION RELATIVE TO INLAND FISHERIES IN LATIN AMERICA (Item 8 of the Agenda) Note the request for FAO assistance in revising the legislation relative to inland fisheries and aquaculture in countries of the Region (para 63 of the report) 16. During the period under review, the FAO Development Law Service has provided legal assistance to El Salvador, Ecuador and the Dominican Republic. In El Salvador the assistance initiated 1994 continue up to 1996, when a Fishery and Aquaculture Law and rules for its implementation were drafted. In Ecuador, a draft project of fishery and aquaculture law was prepared. In the Dominican Republic, a project of law for the exploitation and conservation of aquatic living resources was prepared between March 1996 and December 1997. Hold a seminar to prepare guidelines for formulating legislation relative to inland fisheries (para 66 of the report). 17. Due to difficulties to find funds, the proposed seminar could not be held during this period. REVIEW OF THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF COPESCAL AND ITS SUBSIDIARY BODIES (Item 9 of the Agenda) Maintain the Commission under Article VI of the FAO Constitution and to take maximum advantage of the positive aspects and the useful tradition of work forged by the Commission (para 69 of the report) 18. Although no action has been taken to change the Statutes of the Commission, the 29 FAO Conference (Rome, November 1997) encouraged regional commissions established under Article VI of the FAO Constitution to seek more extra-budgetary resources to supplement the resources made available to them under the FAO Regular Programme Budget, taking into account the economic capacity of the regions concerned and of their members. Arrange through the Secretariat better cooperation with the regional projects that operate fisheries and aquaculture sectors in the Region (para 70 of the report) 19. During the reporting period no regional project on fisheries or aquaculture has been operated in the Region. Strengthen the role of the Commission by undertaking activities together with regional fisheries organizations, companies associated with the use of aquatic resources and national academic and research institutions (para 71 of the report). 20. A training course on nutrition of salmonids was held in Temuco, Chile, in October 1995, supported by the Temuco Catholic University, COPESCAL and the private sector. Furthermore, in the technical consultations and workshops organized by the Secretariat during the inter-sessional period, the number of representatives from private companies and national academic and research institutions has been increased considerably. Hold sessions of the Commission and its working parties once every two years (para 72 of the report) 21. The sessions of the working parties have been held every two years. Nevertheless, the Eighth Session of the Commission could be held only after three years due to its relative high cost and the financial constraints being suffered by FAO. Improve the mechanisms of information exchange through the COPESCAL's use of the Newsletters of the Aquaculture and Fisheries Technical Cooperation Networks (para 73 of the report). 22. The Newsletters of the Aquaculture and Fisheries Technical Cooperation Networks have been used to disseminate information regarding activities of COPESCAL and its Working Parties. Nevertheless, these technical cooperation mechanism have been in a critical situation due to the constraints of specific funds for their functioning. Send documents for the sessions prior to the events themselves. To send copies through the National Correspondents (para 74 of the report). 23. The documents for the session were distributed on time. Additional copies were sent to National Correspondents. Strengthen the role of the National Correspondents, by more frequent communication between them and the Secretariat, as well as among themselves (para 75 of the report) 24. The communication with National Correspondents has been scarce. Nevertheless, they were consulted on important issues, such as the preparation of the Provisional Agenda for the Session. Give more attention by the Commission to the subjects of aquatic pollution and environmental protection; as well as to the economic and social aspects of inland fisheries and aquaculture (para 76 of the report). 25. (see paragraphs 4, 5, 6 and 9 above) OTHER MATTERS (Item 11 of the Agenda) Activate the COPESCAL Sub-commission for the Amazon Basin in order to offer support to the Amazon project (para 82 of the report). 26. The implementation of this recommendation was subject to the approval of the Project on Development and Management of Fisheries in the Amazonian Basin, which has not been approved so far. Consider the advantages of holding a technical consultation with representatives from the project's fisheries institution counterparts in the beneficiary countries, and with project and FAO/COPESCAL personnel (para 83 of the report). 27. The Consultation could not been convened due that the Project has not been approved.