Mission Report on DDR/SSR/SALW Somaliland and Puntland - 3-11 April 2005 A mission was undertaken by the ROLS/DDR Project Manager to Somaliland and Puntland from 3 to 11 April 2005, in order to undertake recruitment and complete the setting up of offices, take forward various partnerships, initial policy on DDR, and finalise plans for registration of ex-combatants.1 Key results: Recruitment of UNDP staff completed in Somaliland; Puntland pending external advertising. Initial Policies Developed in Puntland and Process Initiated in Somaliland Registration Plans in Place for both locations, and Agreements reached with counterparts on timeframes for work, and capacity building SOMALILAND Recruitment, Offices and Equipment All UNDP recruitment has been completed for the ROLS/DDR project. The following are filled: Administrative/Finance Assistant, Database Manager and one Reintegration Officer (a 2nd Reintegration Officer will be recruited when the reintegration starts). RCA objectives set for all UNDP staff. *** Also see Note to File on Recruitment for Reintegration Officer. The office is fully relocated with NDC and operating well. It is fully equipped. A short list of priority security improvements will be submitted for priority action. Partnerships and Capacity Building on DDR The DDR partnership has been built on an institutional assessment of the NDC, consultations between UNDP and the Ministries concerned, and an assisted recruitment process for NDC taken forward by the PM and Deputy PM. An MOU is being formulated to support NDC positions recruited for already, meet the running costs of the joint NDC/UNDP DDR office, and in return deliver results in areas of NDC competence. It is expected that these results will include roles on policy, intra governmental coordination, monitoring, and a strong role in the registration process. Specific positions and the UNDP contributions (UNDP input about 300 % of Government contributions were agreed). Proj. Mgr/TA to carefully craft the MOU to ensure that it is both clear, and easily monitored and reviewed. To be submitted asap. 1 Following a recent debriefing by the ROLS Programme Manager the following items are key priorities for the DDR project manager for immediate action. Related SOOYAL Assistance The SOOYAL restructuring process supported by UNDP appears to be very successful. UNDP has allocated funds to now hold a conference on SOOYAL’s business plans, build a counseling and referral system for war veterans, and a micro-credit service line for war widows (with a local NGO partner). Modest assistance will be provided to the setting up a museum, and continued technical assistance will be given over the course of 2005. Policy and Strategy Development on DDR Neither Somaliland policy nor strategy exists for DDR, and no objectives have been agreed; previous work was related only to testing and piloting. UNDP has initiated a security sector reform discussion, which would link DDR to the security sector transformation (further technical assistance to be provided). At the DDR Committee meeting on 10 April ministries furthermore agreed they would internally assess their priorities and needs in order to make a contribution to a Government Policy, to be formulated by the NDC, with UNDP assistance. To assist this process, the Ministry of RRR, has requested a one-day facilitated discussion takes place, with the involvement of all ministries, to provide the inputs for the policy. The meeting, which has little cost, is set to be held during the first week of May. Priority Next Steps include the following: Complete policy and strategy by May Complete Registration by June or Early July (estimated 3 months). Plans are now in place to commence with this activity, and the Ministry of Defense has agreed to provide the payrolls in advance of the missions to the field. Continue in parallel the SSR process Implement DDR for minimum of 500 ex-combatants (by end 2005) Provide SOOYAL support on new service lines for war Veterans. *** Due to the significant carryover of SALW funding, a mission is to be fielded to develop new plans and strategies for SALW in 2005. PUNTLAND Recruitment, Offices and Equipment The following positions have been approved by the PM, and the DRR, for advertising in the national newspaper: Senior National Officer (NPPP), Programme Officer, and Administrative/Finance Assistant. Additional positions, including Reintegration Officers and a Database Manager will be recruited when activities are ready for implementation (June). Procurement of equipment and a vehicle (agreed with the PM) has been initiated. A site visit found that no office space exists in the Government Compound, and therefore additional construction will need to take place, to house DDR staff.2 At the outset, two additional rooms should be built next to the Database Office, and a small Guard house moved elsewhere. UNDP staff could use one ROLS office in the UNDP Compound. Partnerships and Capacity Building Consultations were held with the Ministry of Interior/DDR Department and relevant ministries (Planning, Interior, Cabinet, etc.). The UNDP Work Plan was discussed with both the Vice Minister of Interior and Planning in the absence of their Ministers. The DDR Department is currently reviewing its staffing and equipment needs. UNDP will assist in developing the Department of DDR ToRs and work plans, addressing training, equipment and staffing needs. DDR Project Manager will identify 3-4 staff (PMAC style) for support, based on their responsibilities on the DDR issue. Responsibilities will include a policy & internal coordination, monitoring, reporting etc. Policy and Strategy Development No Puntland policy nor strategy exists for DDR. A DDR committee meeting was thus held in Garowe with ministries concerned to develop a strategy for Puntland. See Attached Draft Policy Framework. The Government is committed to continue internal consultations, and finalize a policy the first week of May. Priorities next steps include the following: Policy/Strategy Development by May to be submitted to Council of Ministers. Complete Registration of Security Forces by May or early June (up to 600 security forces). The Ministry of Interior will consult the Chief of Staff of the Darawishta in order to organize and agree final registration plans. Capacity building and setting up structures (May/June). As above. Socio-economic study on opportunities for reintegration (May/June). To rapidly develop reintegration plans and identify job opportunities, it was agreed to move forward immediately on a socio-economic (market/labor) survey with the ILO. *** A SALW assessment will be conducted by Programme Specialist and local NGO as basis for SALW project; armories rehab/training to proceed in the meantime. 2 A small office for one or two staff was found and could be a temporary office. Summary and Next Steps 1. Recruitment and setting up of offices in now virtually completed for UNDP; counterpart structures to be fully established in the coming months, with continued capacity building provided in order to reach implementation targets. 2. With plans now in place, registration of security forces is due to be completed by June or July. Somaliland will take 3 months to complete based on current plan. 3. Based on the policy/strategy development, capacities, and with the registration and socio economic data in hand, the projects’ will turn their focus to reintegration of ex-combatants. A total of 1000 ex-combatants are targeted for 2005. Reintegration packages must be developed concurrently so as not to delay processing ex-combatants. A feasibility study is required for Puntland. 4. It will be important to devise ways of providing upfront funding to both projects in order to meet both reinsertion and reintegration costs, and avoid delays which cause possible disputes and risks to staff. Structure of upfront funding to be discussed within ROLS and with DRR Operations. 5. New Programme Specialist to immediately assist in formulating new SALW plans, and activities. Draft Policy Framework for DDR – Proposals for Government of Puntland An informal meeting of key Government Ministries involved in DDR, chaired by the Ministry of Interior, was held on 6 April 2005. UNDP participated in order to provide technical assistance, and bring to bear lessons learned and experience from elsewhere. The meeting discussed in detail the possible objectives of DDR for Puntland and the results required, key policy guidelines and approaches, and developed a short term action plan to launch activities as soon as possible. DDR was reiterated to be a major priority for the Government of Puntland. DDR Objectives The Meeting agreed that the overall objective of DDR in the context of Puntland was to contribute to Peace and Security. In this, it was felt that Puntland could be a both a model, and pilot for the rest of Somalia. The Meeting highlighted that a DDR process could contribute to meeting this objective through the achievement of the following outputs: 1. Downsizing size of security forces and providing socio-economic reintegration to ex-security force staff – a 60 percent reduction is targeted. 2. Reduce Government Expenditures on security in order to transfer resources to productive sectors of the economy 3. Contribute to Security Sector Reform and Efficiency 4. Eliminate Small Arms and Light Weapons Availability It was noted that progress has already been made on some of these issues by the Government of Puntland, and new initiatives should aim to build on both these efforts, and those of local communities. Government Priorities In achieving the above, the meeting agreed that the priority focus should now be on moving forward quickly on regular security forces, which are both on the payroll of government (causing a significant burden), and included in the UNDP/GTZ registration. It is essential to lower the financial and security burden of these expenditures and shift greater levels of government funding to the productive sectors.. A longer term priority should be to reduce the civilian ownership of weapons, especially clan based militia, which can be started in parallel to DDR. Policy Orientations The Meeting recommended several principles for DDR: Demobilization be voluntary in nature (at least at the outset) Criteria are set for individuals’ entry into the programme that are coherent with security sector reform processes undertaken by the Government. Proportional coverage of security organs (police, Darawishta, custodial etc.) A balanced regional approach Comparable nature and level of assistance be provided to each demobilized person. Arrears due to security staff are cleared up before DDR, so demobilization can provide a clean break. Individual criteria for entry could include: Health Disability Age Community support (to be consulted prior, especially where group interests/security are involved) Volunteers *** Other priorities to be identified by security sector reform processes, and individual ministries forward planning. Conditions for entry/benefits may include (and may call for termination if broken): Registered security staff on the Government payroll only Agreement to fully demobilize from security forces with no further claims nor possibility of reentering the forces (i.e. a formal declaration, witnessed, could be signed). Surrender of one weapon (type of weapon and condition to be defined by Government) and its ammunition Full participation in all mandatory activities during the DDR programme No criminal acts committed during period of programme support Implementation Strategies and DDR Programme Design The participants agreed to continue to develop a Government endorsed policy framework for DDR. This policy will inform implementation strategies, and guide the design of DDR programmes. It will also serve as the basis of Government communications on the issue, and can be used to seek support from the donor community for Puntland’s efforts.
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