Document Sample


                              Effective Teaching for                   the formation of collegial teams in
                                                                       each school. The school teams were
                              Literacy                                 supported by district and statewide
                              The DSE’s state literacy strategy
                              was launched in February 1997. It        A state literacy conference was
                              is a comprehensive systemwide            held in August, bringing together
                              approach to literacy which aims to       over 500 people, including four
                              raise students’ overall performance      representatives from each district.
                              and ensure their successful              Prof. Alan Luke, a keynote
                              transition from one phase of             presenter at the conference,
                              schooling to the next. The               remarked that “New South Wales
                              Government provided $50m to              Government school teachers
                              support literacy learning in             seemed more informed than their
                              classrooms in 1997. In 1998 the          counterparts in other countries
                              Government will provide $60m to          when it comes to the teaching
                              fund the literacy strategy further.      of literacy”. The conference
                                                                       demonstrated best practice in the
                              In 1997, 40 district literacy teams
                                                                       teaching of literacy in schools.
                              were established and trained
                              to assist NSW public schools to          An on-line literacy discussion
                              implement the state literacy             was introduced and proved
                              strategy. District support during        successful as an initial step in using
 Put in                       the year included assisting
                              schools to develop literacy plans
                                                                       electronic communication to share
                                                                       effective approaches to literacy
                              and providing professional               development.
 place a                      development for teachers. It also
                                                                       A major emphasis in 1997 was
                              included developing networks
                                                                       support for literacy in the middle
 comprehensive                across schools and providing
                              support for parents in assisting their
                                                                       years of schooling. This was the
                                                                       theme of a two day state conference
                              children’s literacy development.
 literacy                     Literacy support materials were
                                                                       in June for school, district and state
                                                                       office staff. It was also the focus
                              developed and distributed to             for over 250 action research
 strategy for                 schools. These materials included        projects from all parts of the state,
                              literacy modules and a variety of        funded to a total of $300,000. The
 primary and                  teaching resources.                      projects brought primary and
                                                                       secondary schools together in the
                              Training and development also
                                                                       investigation of language and
 secondar y                   played a major role in supporting
                              primary and secondary teachers
                              to improve their literacy teaching       A CD-ROM for Years 5-8 was also
 schools to                   skills during 1997. Training and         made available to teachers across
                              development strategies included          the state at a cost of $215,000. The
 improve                      school-based training initiatives,
                              the use of technology through
                                                                       CD-ROM dealt with a range of
                                                                       aspects of language and included
                              satellite broadcasts, video tapes and    case studies of six school-based
 literacy levels.             CD-ROM, on-line discussions              projects.
                              through the Internet and face to face    Evaluations of the effectiveness of
                              involvement through courses              training and development programs
                              and conferences. Training and            showed that teachers valued the
                              development strategies encouraged        opportunity to participate in action

18   DSE Annual Report 1997
research projects with an academic        To meet future demands of this
mentor, and to hear from other            expanding program, a tutor training
practitioners. They also found the        course was established at the                Personnel Supporting the State
interactive nature and flexibility of     Nepean campus of the University                    Literacy Strategy
CD-ROM technology valuable.               of Western Sydney. During 1997
                                                                                      Literacy consultants                   40
                                          eight cadet tutors completed their
                                                                                      Reading Recovery teachers         397
Expansion of Reading                      training to become Reading
                                                                                      Reading Recovery tutors                22
                                          Recovery tutors in 1998.
Recovery                                                                              Primary and secondary
                                          In 1998, 29 tutors will train               support teachers (learning
During the year, priority was given       teachers in Reading Recovery and            difficulties)                    1120

to the early identification of literacy   an additional 100 reading recovery          Learning difficulties
                                          teaching positions will be allocated        coordinators                       40
needs. A total of $50m over four
years has been provided for the           to 199 schools. This will make a            Early learning consultants             10

implementation of the Reading             total of 596 schools targeted to            Middle years literacy
                                          receive the program.                        consultants                            8
Recovery program. Reading
                                                                                      Early literacy initiative
Recovery is for students in Year 1                                                    facilitators                           10
identified as the most in need of         Monitoring students’                        Multicultural/ESL consultants          13
extra assistance with reading.
Children who are not making a             literacy progress                           Aboriginal Education
                                                                                      consultants                         10
good start with reading and writing       In 1997 the DSE launched a Year 7           Special education centre
through regular instruction receive       language and literacy assessment            coordinators and six country
a short term individually designed        test. The Year 7 English Language           areas program consultants              10
program of instruction that allows        and Literacy Assessment (ELLA)
them to succeed before they enter         will show teachers what literacy
a cycle of failure.                       skills students have learnt in the
In the Reading Recovery program,          primary years and guide them in the
students are involved in one to one       development of strategies to                ™There has been a significant rise in
tutoring by a specially trained           provide additional support to               literacy levels for Year 3 students and
teacher five days per week for 30         students who are at risk. ELLA will         the school’s Reading Recovery
minutes each day. In 1997 a further       provide each school with an                 program has recorded a success rate of
                                                                                      more than 90%. In addition, teachers
100 teaching positions were               understanding of the literacy needs         have recorded an 89% success rate in
established in 195 schools, making        of its Year 7 students.                     improving the literacy levels of
a total of 397 schools now                                                            students with learning difficulties and
                                          ELLA was piloted in March 1997
receiving this support. Twenty-two                                                    are providing one-to-one targeted
                                          in participating schools. A follow-         educational programs for those who
tutors provided professional
                                          up test will be given to the same           need further assistanced.
support for all the Reading
                                          students in Year 8 in March 1998.
Recovery teachers in NSW.                                                                                         Principal
                                          The test is broadly based on the                              Nowra Public School
Reading Recovery lasts an average         literacy competencies found in
of 12-16 weeks. At the end of this        English K-6 and assesses aspects
period, most students have                of literacy in the secondary Key
developed a variety of strategies to      Learning Areas. The test covered
read increasingly difficult texts.        reading, language and writing and
                                          is designed to follow on from the             Mean ELLA Scores by Student
In 1997, 4725 students participated                                                      Groups in Pilot Test, 1997
                                          Year 3 and 5 Basic Skills Tests.
in the program, an increase of more
than 1000 on the previous year.           A sample of secondary schools was                   Writing Reading Language
Evaluations show that Reading             surveyed to examine the impact of           All        87.0         86.6    86.4
Recovery has been very successful.        the ELLA test. A sample of primary
Over 87 per cent of students going        schools was also surveyed in 1997           Boys       85.5         85.6    84.9
through the program required no           to establish benchmarks for
                                                                                      Girls      88.6         87.6    87.9
further remedial literacy support.        examining the impact of the 1997
                                          literacy materials on teacher
                                          knowledge and practice.

                                                                                 DSE Annual Report 1997                           19

                                                  Meeting Students’                    Parents were given opportunities
                                                                                       to join in the teaching and learning
                                                  Literacy Needs                       partnership through increased
                                                                                       participation in school activities
                                                  A Distance Education Literacy
                                                                                       and through the provision
                                                  Development Package was
                                                                                       of support for home reading
                                                  developed to give greater support
                                                  to students with learning
                                                  difficulties. The production of      Support for literacy development
                                                  video support materials enabled      before students entered school was
                                                  distance education teachers to       provided by programs such as
     Examples of Excellence in School             create a closer bond with their      Parents as Teachers and the Inter-
           Literacy Programs                      isolated students as they taught     Agency Community Centres. The
 The following schools won the Director-          functional literacy.                 Parents as Teachers Program is
 General’s School Achievement Award for                                                designed to help parents to provide
                                                  Distance education students
 their innovative literacy programs:                                                   activities which promote the
                                                  usually send their work in every
                                                                                       language development of children
 Bayldon Primary School: ™a strong                four weeks but students with low
                                                                                       up to three years. At June 1996,
 congruence between home and school is            literacy skills worked with their
 achieved through whole school commitment,                                             571 families were full members,
                                                  teacher weekly, home visits
 intensive school-based training and                                                   receiving regular home visits.
                                                  increased and special training was
 development, and strong partnerships with                                             Approximately 500 additional
 the community.d                                  provided for the students, parents
                                                                                       families attended monthly group
                                                  or supervisor.
 Birrong Girls High School: ™a                                                         meetings and received printed
 commitment to improving the literacy             The Disadvantaged Schools            information.
 standards for all its students has resulted in   Program in NSW focused on
                                                                                       Training programs for parents, such
 significant levels of achievement across the     improving literacy outcomes in 481
 school’s population.d                                                                 as the Talk to a Literacy Learner
                                                  schools. The program was
                                                                                       (TTALL) program, provided links
 Boorowa Central School: ™Major                   reviewed and will subsequently
                                                                                       between home and school practices
 achievements have occurred in areas related      focus on three interrelated areas
                                                                                       in the development of literacy.
 to the enhancement of literacy outcomes          of action to improve literacy
 across the school.d                              outcomes:                            Schools worked with parents
 North Ryde Public School: ™The whole                                                  to enhance students’ literacy
                                                  • quality teaching and learning,
 school program aims to support the needs of                                           development by:
 all students, from those who have special
                                                     to implement and investigate
 needs to those who are excellent readers.d          those practices which are         • providing parents with
                                                     the most effective in               information about literacy
 Vincentia Public School:} Their program,            improving students’ learning        teaching and learning
 RAP (Reading Action Program)… is an
 outstanding, unique combination program
                                                     outcomes                          • assisting parents and
 which is specifically related to achievement     • classroom school organisation        caregivers in their support of
 of individual outcomes for Years 1-6
                                                  • congruence of home and               students’ literacy at home
 students d
                                                     school – supporting school        • promoting access to quality
 Yarrawarrah Public Schools: ™Since                  communities to develop an           literature at home and at
 1992, Yarrawarrah has developed and
                                                     alignment between the cultural      school
 implemented exemplary programs in early
 literacy. The outcomes achieved by the              language and literacy             • training parents and caregivers
 students are at the highest level possible.d        experiences of the home and         to assist as tutors in the
                                                     those of the school.                classroom.
                                                  Support materials were also
                                                  developed for schools serving
                                                  students from Aboriginal
                                                  communities. The ESL program
                                                  was focused to meet the English
                                                  language and literacy needs of
                                                  NESB students.

20      DSE Annual Report 1997
                                                                        GETTING THE FOUNDATION RIGHT

Student Literacy                          An example of a literacy question
                                          in the 1997 Basic Skills Test is
Outcomes                                  shown in the box below.
The Basic Skills Test for Years 3         Analysis of 1995 and 1997 results                               Examples of Student Performance in
and 5 was an important part of the        shows that more than half of Year                               the 1997 Literacy Basic Skills Tests
overall Literacy Strategy as it           3 students who were placed in the
provided two snapshots of students’       lowest skill band in 1995 moved to                               •   96% of Year 3 students can locate
                                                                                                               specific information in simple text
achievements in the primary years         higher levels after being tested in
of schooling. The BST provided            1997. At Year 5 in 1997, ten per                                 •   92% of Year 3 students can
detailed information about                cent of students needed additional                                   recognise that a full stop is the
                                                                                                               correct punctuation at the end of
individual student performance as         assistance in literacy compared to                                   a statement
well as summary information about         16 per cent requiring intensive
                                                                                                           •   90% of Year 5 students can extract
how the school performed in               support in Year 3 in 1995.
                                                                                                               information from narrative text
aspects of literacy. The results are      Because the results from every year
reported in five skill bands for Year                                                                      •   92% of Year 5 students can
                                          of testing have been placed on the                                   recognise the need for a capital
3 and six skill bands for Year 5.         same scale, it is possible and valid                                 letter to begin a sentence
Skill Band 1 is the lowest level of       to look at trends over time. For both
achievement.                              Years 3 and 5, the results can be
Students are tested in the areas          seen to be fairly stable. The 1997
of reading and language. An               scores are the highest in the four
important feature of the literacy         years since both Years 3 and 5 have
test is that, while it is largely based   been tested.
on the English K-6 syllabus, it           Detailed results of the Basic Skills
draws upon the literacy skills            Tests can be found in the section
required in all KLAs of the primary       Monitoring Student Progress later
curriculum. This ensures that the         in this volume.
program is a test of basic skills
rather than a set of tests in English
and mathematics.

                Examples of Literacy Questions

                                          These questions were included in both the Year 3 and
                                              Year 5 Aspects of Literacy tests.

                                          1.   What is the softest part of the tooth?
                                                         the root
                                                         the pulp
                                                         the crown
                                                         the dentine

                                          2.   Where is the dentine?
                                               Colour it in.

                                          Question 1 uses multiple choice format. Students were
                                          required to use a label to locate and compare specific
                                          information in a text which is organised under
                                          In Year 3, 66% of students answered correctly.
                                          In Year 5, 85% of students answered correctly.

                                          Question 2 required students to shade in part of the
                                          diagram to show their answer.
                                          Students were asked to use a label to identify a specific
                                          feature on a diagram.
                                          In Year 3, 74% of students answered correctly.
                                          In Year 5, 85% of students answered correctly.

                                                                                                      DSE Annual Report 1997                         21


                              Effective Teaching for                  A variety of support documents
                                                                      was developed and distributed
                              Numeracy                                to schools. The draft Early
                                                                      Learning Foundation Outcomes for
                              In 1997, a major focus was on
                                                                      Mathematics were distributed to
                              training and the work of the 40
                                                                      all Kindergarten teachers and
                              district Mathematics consultants
                                                                      representative peak bodies for
                              who provided in-school strategic
                              support in early numeracy.
                              Key activities of the district
                              mathematics consultants included        Student Numeracy
                              coordinating workshops on the           Outcomes
                              draft Mathematics K-6 outcomes
                              for over 1100 teachers and              Through the Basic Skills Test,
                              providing classroom based support       students are tested in aspects of
                              for early numeracy.                     numeracy involving number,
                              A new early numeracy project            measurement and space. The
                              for primary schools, Count Me In        numeracy skills assessed include:
                              Too, was implemented in over 80         • counting, addition,
                              schools by district consultants and       subtraction, multiplication and
                              teachers. The program aimed               division
 Ensure the                   to get the foundations of numeracy
                                                                      • using fractions, decimals and
                              right in the early years. It involved
 new primar y                 teachers in assessing students’
                              number knowledge and using this         • estimating and measuring
                              information to design teaching             length, area, volume, mass,
 mathematics                  activities to improve the solution         temperature and time
                              strategies students use.                • using graphs
 syllabus is                  Studies of the effectiveness of these   • using and interpreting 2D and
                              programs revealed that teachers            3D space and drawings
 implemented                  found working in an inquiry model
                              to develop units of work rewarding.
                                                                      • understanding position and
 in classrooms                The primary mathematics syllabus
                              was amended by the Board of
                                                                      The 1997 Basic Skills Test results
                                                                      for numeracy indicate that:
                              Studies to include clear statements
 and deliver                  of the expected standards. It is        • almost all Years 3 and 5
                              the first primary syllabus to             students demonstrate
                                                                        achievement of the skills
 effective                    incorporate outcomes in stages.
                              However, the timetable for the            expected of them
                              release of a syllabus addendum and      • among Year 3 students, 89 per
 implementation               work sample documents changed             cent achieved in Band 2 or
                              significantly after Agenda 97 had         above and 70 per cent are in
 of Mathematics,              been promulgated. This change led
                              to less activity being appropriate in
                                                                        Band 3 or above
                              the area of Mathematics than had
 K-6.                         originally been planned for 1997.

22   DSE Annual Report 1997
                                                                                    GETTING THE FOUNDATION RIGHT

• by Year 5, the percentage at                            School and District
    Band 3 or above has risen and
    more than half of the students                        Achievements in
    in need of additional                                 Numeracy
    assistance in Year 3 have                                                                               1997 BST Numeracy Achievements
    moved up into the competent                           Deniliquin District joined with                   •   84% of Year 3 students can interpret
    range, Band 3 and above                               Broken Hill District to implement                     graphic information
                                                          a program called Maths on the Net.
• among Year 5 students, 94 per                                                                             •   69% of Year 3 students can divide a
                                                          The aim was to support small
    cent achieve in Band 3 or                                                                                   group of objects into three equal
                                                          isolated schools in both districts.                   parts
    above and 80 per cent are in
                                                          The program utilises the Internet as
    Band 4 or above                                                                                         •   89% of Year 5 students can use their
                                                          a communication medium to allow                       knowledge of tables to solve a
• a majority of students are in                           students to pose and respond to                       problem
    the upper skill bands for                             open-ended mathematics problems                   •   59% of Year 5 students can use
    numeracy – that is, doing well                        which are shared between the                          knowledge of compass directions to
    or very well in the skills                            schools. Students were supported                      describe a path taken.
    expected of them.                                     in developing imaginative and
For both Years 3 and 5 numeracy,                          thoughtful solutions to the
the results are fairly stable with the                    problems posed.
exception of an atypically high                           The program has:
mean for Year 3 in 1996. The Year
3 1997 mean is 1.5 points lower                           • helped break down the
than 1996, but very close to the                            isolation of small schools
means of other years.                                     • encouraged communication
Detailed results of the Basic Skills                        using the Internet
Tests can be found in the section                         • developed students’
Monitoring Student Progress later                           cooperative skills
in this volume.                                           • increased teachers’ awareness
An example of a numeracy                                    of the method of open-ended
question included in both the Year                          problem posing and solving
3 and Year 5 Aspects of Numeracy                          • challenged students in the area
tests is shown in the box below.                            of mathematics
                                                          • raised the technology skills of
                                                                                                            ™Teachers found the assessment
                                                            students, teachers and parents.                 process highlighted the way that
                                                                                                            children attack mathematical problems.
                                                                                                            It also illustrated weaknesses in their
                               Examples of Numeracy Questions                                               mathematical knowledge. The teaching
                                                                                                            strategies put forward by the program
   This question was included in both the Year 3 and Year 5 Aspects of Numeracy tests.
                                                                                                            were helpful in correcting lack of
                                                                                                            knowledge and promoting concept
   21. This chart shows the number of students at the sports carnival.
                                                                                                            development in areas of need.d

                               hundreds              tens             ones                                               Classroom Teacher Year 2
                                                                                                                      Pacific Palms Public School
                                                                                                                talking about the Count Me In Too

                              How many students were there?

   This question required students to interpret this place value chart and write a number containing
   hundreds, tens, and ones (369).
   In Year 3, 67% of students answered correctly.
   In Year 5, 86% of students answered correctly.

                                                                                                       DSE Annual Report 1997                      23

                                     STUDENT PHYSICAL FITNESS

                              Quality of K-6 PDHPE                  development package for both
                                                                    primary and high schools dealing
                              provision                             with ways in which schools could
                                                                    promote physical activity in their
                              In 1997, 20 consultants were
                                                                    school communities. The package
                              appointed to work across two
                                                                    will be released early in 1998.
                              districts supporting schools
                              to improve student outcomes
                              in Personal Development, Health       Levels of Student
                              and Physical Education (PDHPE).       Fitness
                              The consultants focused on
                              working with primary schools          The NSW Schools Fitness and
                              to help them implement the            Physical Activity Survey was
                              Government’s physical activity        conducted in 45 primary and 44
                              initiatives.                          high schools across the state,
                              The PDHPE consultants worked          involving a total of 5518 students
                              with school staff and communities     in Years 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10.
                              to:                                   The survey set out to collect
                              • review their current provision      benchmark data and to identify
                                  for student involvement in        areas where the Department could
 Provide                          physical activity                 target support to schools in 1998.
                                                                    The benchmark data collected from
                              • provide teacher professional
 students with a                  development on teaching
                                                                    the 1997 survey will allow the
                                                                    Government to test over time
                                  fitness                           claims that fitness levels in children
 Physical                     • help them plan and teach the        are declining. It will also be
                                  PE aspect of their PDHPE          possible for the Department to
 Fitness                          programs and school sport
                                                                    measure progress towards its long
                                                                    term goal of contributing to
                              The consultants also ran courses to   improved levels of student fitness.
 Program as                   introduce teachers to the K-6         The survey measured students’
                              PDHPE syllabus and the place of       body composition, health related
 part of their                fitness, drug education and road      fitness, motor skills, self reported
                              safety in school PDHPE programs.      physical activity and attitudes to
                              Evaluations from these courses
 schooling and                indicate they were extremely well
                                                                    physical activity participation. It
                                                                    also collected data on teacher
                              received by teachers across the       perceptions of how aspects of their
 deliver                      state.                                school environment promote
                              The Board of Studies developed        student physical activity.
 improved                     and released a support module to      Some key findings of the survey
                              the K-6 PDHPE syllabus titled,        were:
                              Physical Activity for Health and
 levels of                    Fitness, to assist primary schools    • student levels of body
                              improve student fitness and             composition were consistent
                                                                      with expected patterns of
 students                     activity as part of their PDHPE
                                                                      growth and development in
                              programs. In addition, the DSE
                              commenced work on a professional        children

24   DSE Annual Report 1997
                                                      GETTING THE FOUNDATION RIGHT

• the majority of students at        • the major inhibitors to school
  each age level were found to          sport appear to be the cost of
                                                                                       Participation for Secondary
  have satisfactory or above            student travel and the time                    Competitions and Programs
  satisfactory levels of health         taken to travel to venues.                          (No. of students)
  related fitness (i.e. aerobic         Access to facilities and venues
  capacity, muscular endurance,         was found by a significant                                                 1997
  muscular strength, flexibility)       number of schools to be a               February                             536
• the mastery of fundamental            major constraint to the                 March                             12,828
  motor skills (i.e. run, catch,        provision of quality school             April                              3,329
  throw, kick, jump, strike) was        sport programs                          May                                1,842
  poor across all age groups and     • the traditional afternoon of             June                              16,195
  particularly poor for girls in        sport was heavily favoured by           July                               3,465
  comparison to boys                    schools, particularly for Years         August                             6,001
• the majority of boys and girls        9-12 where in excess of 82 per          September                         57,915
  are adequately active, with a         cent operate this model. Thirty         October                            9,752
  smaller proportion of girls           per cent of schools operated            November                           3,406
  than boys vigorously active,          integrated sport for year 7 and
                                                                                TOTAL                            114,723
  particularly during winter            17 per cent for Year 8
• schools currently offer a wide     • house/recreational sport as an
  range of activities to meet           effective part of the sport
  student interests in their PE         program ranked a distant fifth
  and Sport programs, but               with principals. School
  expressed concern at the              carnivals were considered the              Participation in Primary School
                                        most effective, slightly ahead                Knockout Competitions
  curriculum time available for                                                            (No. of teams)
  physical activity in school and       of Combined High School
  the lack of use of school             Knockouts, inter-school sport                                              1997
  facilities outside school hours       and integrated sport. Eighty-
                                                                                 Australian Football                  53
  for physical activity programs.       six per cent of principals
                                                                                 Basketball            Boys          245
                                        considered the competitive
                                        inter-school program                                           Girls         235
Time Spent in Physical                  contributed to a positive school         Cricket               Boys          407
Activity                                image and pride in the school                                  Girls         120
                                                                                 Hockey                Boys          168
                                     • while the vast majority of
The Department’s minimum                schools timetable well in                                      Girls         177
requirement for sport in Years 3-6      excess of the required time for          Netball                             427
is 60 minutes per week. In Years        sport, time allocations needed           Rugby League                        246
7-11 between 80 and 120 minutes         to be consistent and regular             Rugby Union                          56
is allocated to sport.                  across all years.                        Soccer                Boys          410
A Sports Audit of all secondary      A minimum of 300 hours across                                     Girls         230
schools was conducted during the     Years 7-10 is specified for Personal        Softball              Boys          267
year and found:                      Development, Health and Physical                                  Girls         320

• eighty-five per cent of            Education, with a minimum of                Tennis                              176
  principals agreed that the         100 hours devoted to PE.                    Total                             3,537
  school’s sport program             In Years 11-12, a 25 hour Personal
  provided positive experiences      Development and Health course is
  for most students. Eighty-four     mandatory for government schools.          ™the majority of students at each age level
  per cent considered the parent                                                were found to have satisfactory or above
  body to be supportive of                                                      satisfactory levels of health related
  school sport
                                                                                   Findings of NSW Schools Fitness and
                                                                                          Physical Activity Survey, 1997

                                                                            DSE Annual Report 1997                         25

                                             School Sport                           The NSW Combined High Schools
                                                                                    Sports Association (CHSSA)
                                             The Sport Policy was revised in        program provides students with the
                                             light of significant changes that      opportunity to compete in school
 Excellence in Personal Development,
    Health and Physical Education            have occurred since its release in     based knockout competitions, state
                                             1986. New guidelines will be           carnivals, state championships, all
 Botany Public School received a Director-   released in Semester 1, 1998.          school matches, Australian
 General’s School Achievement Award for                                             championships and international
 its excellent Personal Development,         The sport participation program has    exchanges and visits.
 Health and Physical Education programs.     contributed to an increase in the
  ™The student outcomes in this KLA have
                                             quantity and quality of sport          Over 600 primary schools and
 been achieved through balanced              activities available to students       nearly all central and high schools
 comprehensive programs that have            through:                               participate in statewide interschool
 generated much pupil excitement over a                                             sport competitions. Participation
 long period of time.d                       • implementation of the Active         in all primary school carnivals
                                                 Youth Program as a                 and knockout events has increased.
                                                 component of the School            Participation in competitions for
                                                 Sport 2000 Foundation. This        secondary schools has remained
                                                 program assisted schools to        fairly constant over the past four
                                                 promote active and healthy         years.
                                                 lifestyles for Years 7-10
                                             • working with external
                                                                                    Special Swimming
                                                 providers of sport programs,       Scheme
                                                 including the Department of
                                                 Sport and Recreation.              The $1.7m Special Swimming
                                                                                    Scheme caters for students who
                                             The School Sport 2000 Foundation       are unable to swim 25 metres
                                             promoted and supported a               confidently and unaided in deep
                                             variety of DSE school sport            water. In 1996-97 a total of 104,000
                                             programs, ranging from elite state     students from 1150 primary
                                             representative teams through to        schools, special schools and
                                             grassroots participation. A total of   Intensive Language Centres
                                             141 schools received grants in 1997    participated in the scheme.
                                             totalling $156,000. Grants of up to
                                             $2,000 were allocated to schools       A pre and post test of students
                                             throughout NSW to implement a          involved in the program revealed
                                             diversity of fitness and health        that 80 per cent of complete non-
                                             initiatives.                           swimmers at the beginning of the
     Participation Rates in Programs                                                course progressed to be able to
                                             The NSW Primary Schools Sports         swim one to five metres by the end
      Related to the Olympic 2000
             Schools Strategy                Association (PSSA) program             of the course. Of students in the 11
                                             provides students with the             to 20 metres group, 99 per cent
                          1996 1997          opportunity to compete at three        progressed beyond 25 metres by
                                             levels. Throughout the year, the       the end of the program. Noticeable
  Pierre de Coubertin
  Awards                    185    214       NSWPSSA conducted 20 state             improvements were also evident in
                                             carnivals involving more than          students who could swim greater
  Network of Friendship
  Programs                  330    369
                                             5000 students. At the completion       distances than five metres at the
                                             of each of these carnivals a           beginning of the course.
  ‘Adopt an Athlete’                         NSWPSSA team was selected to
  Program                    82      96                                             The School Sport Unit worked with
                                             compete in the Australian Schools
  Teacher development                        Sports Council Exchange program.       AUSTSWIM (NSW) to develop
  courses                    23      87      The NSWPSSA also conducted 15          training initiatives for classroom
                            620    766       statewide knockout competitions        teachers who assist in the
                                             which attracted more than 3500         swimming scheme. These programs
                                             team entries in 1997.                  will be in place for the 1999 season.

26      DSE Annual Report 1997
                                                         GETTING THE FOUNDATION RIGHT

Olympic 2000 Schools                  School Achievements
Strategy                              The sporting prowess of young
The Olympic 2000 Schools              athletes in NSW has been
Strategy included ongoing school      recognised through the granting of
programs and special initiatives      sports high school status to                   ™The topics covered on S’Cool Sports
across all curriculum areas.          Endeavour High School by the                   ranged from profiles on elite student
Initiatives in 1997 included Share    Minister for Education and                     athletes and state and national school
                                      Training. This recognition brings to           sporting championships to issues such
the Spirit Schools Art Program,                                                      as the danger of steroids. d
teacher development courses and       five the total of government sports
an Internet site.                     high schools offering emerging                                        Dr Alan Laughlin
                                      athletes better support and                                 Assistant Director-General
Winners of the inaugural Share the    opportunities to pursue academic
Spirit Schools Art Program were       and sporting endeavours.
announced at a presentation at
NSW Parliament House. The             Westfield Sports High School
Minister for Education and            (Fairfield district) led the way in                     1997 State Blues
Training, John Aquilina and           1991 and has been followed by                 State Blues are awarded to students for
                                      Narrabeen (Northern Beaches),                    outstanding achievement in sport.
Sydney Organising Committee
for the Olympic Games                 Berkeley (Wollongong), Hunter                  Spor t                 No of Recipients
(SOCOG) President, Michael            (Newcastle) and now Endeavour
Knight acknowledged the success       (Sutherland). These schools work               Athletics                      4

of the program which attracted        closely with the NSW Institute of              Australian Football            2

1500 entries from 125 schools. The    Sport to offer flexible timetables,            Basketball                     4
winning designs will feature on       access to quality coaching and                 Canoeing                       1
limited edition Sydney 2000           sporting facilities so that NSW                Cricket                        3
consumer products.                    students are better able to develop            Cross Country                  3
                                      their sporting talents.                        Golf                           3
There were increased participation
levels across all Olympic education   The S’Cool Sport program is                    Rythmic Gymnastics             1

programs in 1997. Participation       televised on the ABC and                       Gymnastics                     2

in the programs increased by 20       coordinated through the DSE’s                  Hockey                         4
per cent in 1997 when compared        School Sport Unit. This highlights             Netball                        2
to 1996.                              school sporting events of interest             Rowing                         2
                                      and profiles our sports stars. It gives        Rugby                          2
                                      them a chance to have their elite              Sailing                        2
                                      performances and team efforts                  Soccer                         4
                                      recognised on television.
                                                                                     Softball                       4
                                      The program is believed to be the              Squash                         1
                                      only nationally televised program              Swimming                       3
                                      devoted to school sport in the world.          Tennis                         1
                                                                                     Touch Football                 4
                                                                                     Trampoline Sports              1
                                                                                     Triathlon                      1
                                                                                     Volleyball                     3
                                                                                     Water Polo                     3

                                                                                DSE Annual Report 1997                         27

                                         CITIZENSHIP AND CIVICS

                              Improving levels of                     Over the next four years, a total of
                                                                      $17.5m will be allocated on a
                              civic knowledge                         national basis to raise the levels of
                                                                      civic knowledge of students.
                              The Civics Education Group was
                                                                      This will involve the four sectors
                              appointed to extend the work of the
                                                                      of education: schools, higher
                              Civics Expert Group with the aim
                                                                      education, vocational education
                              of boosting the study of civics and
                                                                      and training and adult and
                              citizenship in schools.
                                                                      community education.
                              The Discovering Democracy
                              program was released in May and
                              aims to teach students in depth
                                                                      Student achievement in
                              about Australian history and            civics and citizenship
                              political and legal institutions with   education
                              the cooperation of states and
                              territories.                            The NSW DSE, the NSW Board of
                              Discovering Democracy is                Studies and the University of
                              provided for students from Year 4       Sydney are working together on the
                              to Year 10. The program will            Civics and Citizenship Education
                              include four main themes:               Benchmarking Project, a research
 Prepare                      • the Principles of Democracy –
                                                                      project to establish descriptions of
                                                                      student achievement in civics and
                                where students study the
 students to                    origins and principles of
                                                                      citizenship education at the end of
                                                                      Years 6, 10 and 12.
                                democracy and analyse
                                                                      Consultation occurred with
 recognise their                various systems of
                                government                            education and community
                                                                      organisations interested in civics
 rights and                   • the Government in Australia –
                                where students consider the
                                                                      and citizenship education. A
                                                                      first draft of the benchmarks
                                role of the state and                 was prepared and circulated to
 responsibilities               Commonwealth parliaments,             the consultative group. The
                                the executive and the judiciary       benchmarks were trialled in
 as citizens and              • the Australian Nation – where         schools in 1997. From the trials,
                                students learn about the ideas,       work samples were collected to
                                                                      illustrate the standard of each
 promote                        events and movements which
                                have defined civic society in         benchmark.
                                Australia                             The next stage of the project is to
 greater                      • Citizenship – where students          collect further work samples from
                                can investigate the framework         trialling and to include examples in
 awareness of                   of laws, rights and civic             a second edition of the benchmarks.
                                responsibilities which provide        During 1998, a number of case
                                a context of civic society in         studies of implementation will be
 the elements                   Australia.                            documented and work on the
                                                                      assessment instruments will begin.
 of good

28   DSE Annual Report 1997
                                                         GETTING THE FOUNDATION RIGHT

Training and support in                 NSW Blood Bank. In 1996, there
                                        was a huge increase in the number
civics and citizenship                  of donations from senior high school
education                               students from 286 schools across             Recipients of Order of Australia
                                                                                        Association certificates of
                                        NSW, an increase of 36 per cent              commendation for service to the
Civics and citizenship education        compared to 1995. The number of                community – students from
will be covered by the Board of         schools participating across NSW              Government secondary schools
Studies syllabuses in Years K-6         increased by 28 per cent from 224
                                                                                    •   Amanda Abad, Randwick Girls
and 7-10.                               to 286.                                         Technical School, for services to
A draft writing brief for the           The     Student     Community                   the Australian Teenage Cancer
                                                                                        Patients Society
K-6 Human Society and its               Involvement Program (SCIP)
Environment syllabus was                enabled students to take part               •   Anna Bilsten, Ballina High
distributed to schools for              in community programs and                       School, for promoting the
                                                                                        recognition of past generations of
consultation. The syllabus will not     become Environmental Youth                      service men and women
be available for schools until late     Ambassadors. The aim of the
1998. The syllabus will have            program was for students to step            •   Heidi Clerk, Narrandera High
                                                                                        School, for concern for the
explicit content in civics and          out of their classrooms and be                  environment
citizenship education.                  involved as participants in the
                                                                                    •   Ben Croker, Tamworth High
The Years 7-10 History and              community.
                                                                                        School, for community service
Geography syllabuses are to be          Ten Environmental Ambassadors               •   Kate Lithgow, Whitebridge High
revised in 1998 to incorporate civics   from James Cook Technology High                 School, for involvement in youth
and citizenship education.              School took part in an Australian               forums
                                        Trust for Conservation Volunteers           •   Chrystal Musgrave, Tamworth
Greater awareness of                    tree and grass planting project at              High School, for adopting a child
                                        Genaren Reserve southwest of                    through World Vision and
the elements of                         Dubbo. The students planted 400                 fundraising for Tamworth base
                                                                                        hospital, McKay Nursing Home,
responsible behaviour                   trees and 600 wet land grasses,
                                                                                        Children’s Hospital, Westmead,
                                        tested soil and analysed vegetation             Combined Ambulance and the
Programs to assist students to          and plant interaction and visited an            Cancer Council
develop a greater awareness of the      emu farm.                                   •   Jenny Nam, Sydney Girls High
elements of responsible and
                                        In recognition of their community               School, for student leadership
productive working life were                                                            training, Student Environmental
                                        contribution, two of the
provided. Examples include                                                              Expo, involvement in St John’s
                                        Ambassadors, Ted Roche and                      Ambulance and charity
student information forums and
                                        Joseph Borbagello, were presented               fundraising
enterprise education initiatives
                                        with SCIP certificates at Parliament
such as Young People in Business,                                                   •   Ross Pulido, Pendle Hill High
                                        House.                                          School, for assistance in
‘E’ Teams and Transition Teams.
                                                                                        organising Cleanup Australia
                                        Twelve students from six high
One of the NSW Student                                                                  Day and fundraising for Red
                                        schools also took part in the                   Shield, Port Arthur Appeal and
Representative Councils (SRC)
                                        Aboriginal environmental art                    40 hour famine
goals for 1997 was to increase
                                        project, spending two days at
awareness of the potential of SRCs                                                  •   Katherine Stork, Hornsby Girls
                                        Tranby College exchanging views                 High School, for services to the
to teach students about democratic
                                        with Aboriginal students. The                   Hand in Hand Program for
processes and citizenship. There
                                        project culminated with the                     people with mild intellectual
was an expansion of student liaison                                                     disability
                                        creation by the group of two large
roles between NSW SRC members
                                        acrylic paintings, incorporating            •   Nicole Swan, Kiama High
and community initiatives,
                                        Aboriginal environmental motifs.                School, for services as a cub
including the Australia Day                                                             instructor, involvement with St
Council Youth Committee.                The Celebrating Diversity and                   John’s Ambulance, Apex, Bombo
                                        Learning by Living Together                     Headland Reafforestation and
Over the past ten years, students                                                       charity fundraising.
                                        exhibition was launched in
from NSW schools have helped
                                        October, affording students and
save the lives of countless people
                                        teachers recognition for the work
by making more than 60,000
                                        they are doing in multicultural
donations of blood through the

                                                                               DSE Annual Report 1997                        29

                                                education and anti-racism. The        • The Environmental Schools
                                                exhibition was part of a statewide      Program was published and
                                                campaign to counter racism and          distributed to all schools. The
                                                celebrate cultural diversity.           document provides case
                                                                                        studies on the implementation
                                                Over 150 departmental officers
                                                                                        of environmental education in
                                                were provided with training to
     Examples of Excellence in School           enable them to train personnel in
          Citizenship Programs                                                        • NSW was appointed
                                                the Anti-racism Policy and
 The Director-General’s School Achievement      Grievance Procedures and in use of      Australian coordinator of the
 Award for their outstanding programs in        Whole School Anti-racism Project        OECD-CERI Environment
 citizenship, environmental education and the   resource material. A total of 110       and School Initiatives
 Arts:                                          schools have also developed their       program. An Eco Schools
 Ashcroft High School ™The school has           own anti-racism education               Program was established in
 conducted an outstanding program in inter-     programs.                               which selected schools will be
 cultural understanding over a number of                                                listed on a website and
 years. ... The result has been improved        More than 100 government school         develop contacts with
 language learning, the promotion of            students performed on the forecourt     overseas schools
 tolerance through inter-cultural               of the Opera House on Universal
 understanding, and reduced racism through      Children’s day including the          • A new training and
 students and community involvement.d
                                                Chinese Folk Dance ensemble             development course, Starting
 Barraba Central School: ™...proud to be        from Campsie Public School, a           From the Ground Up -
 associated so closely with the elderly         Korean Folk Dance ensemble from         Introduction to Environmental
 members of the rural community ... The         Kingsgrove North High School and        Education, was distributed to
 elderly and the young both benefit from this   a Pacific Island Dance group from       all Field Studies Centres and
 special relationship.d                                                                 key teachers in the school
                                                Granville Boys High School. The
 Chatham, Taree and Wingham High                performance, organised by the DSE       environmental education
 Schools: ™... contribution towards             Performing Arts Unit, illustrated       network.
 reconciliation through their involvement in    the diversity of backgrounds of
 the production of 1788 Great South Land.d
                                                students       attending     NSW      Involvement in the Arts
 Kelso High School: ™The Kelso                  government schools.
 Environment Centre and associated                                                    Performing Arts programs
 environmental education programs are                                                 continued to expand in 1997
 widely recognised for quality and              Environmental                         with a rapid increase in levels of
                                                Education                             student participation, standards
 Maitland High School: ™The school’s                                                  of achievement and audience
 Environmental Education programs have          A number of key projects focused      participation.
 involved a large proportion of the school’s    on the development of sound
 population in a range of integrated projects   environmental understanding           As well as the major state level
 with extensive support from the broader
                                                among students and developed          programs such as the Opera
 community.d                                                                          House Concert Series, Dance and
                                                student commitment to caring for
 Mimosa Public School: ™Over the past           the environment:                      Drama Festivals and the Schools
 25 years the school has become widely                                                Spectacular, 250 interdistrict
 known for its success in maintaining a          • Penrith Lakes Environmental        programs were funded and
 natural bush environment.d                        Education Centre was opened        provided with a comprehensive
                                                   to join the other 19 Field         support network.
                                                   Studies Centres (FSC)
                                                   providing fieldwork skills and     Opportunities for student
                                                   environmental understanding        participation and recognition were
                                                   to schools throughout NSW          broadened by establishing links
                                                                                      with the Olympic Arts Festivals
                                                • Learnscapes program was             and designing new curriculum
                                                   established, in which schools      support projects with a view to the
                                                   are encouraged to enhance          special events of 2000 and 2001.
                                                   their local environments and
                                                   link any subsequent activities
                                                   to the key learning areas

30     DSE Annual Report 1997
                                                          GETTING THE FOUNDATION RIGHT

An “All Star Stage Band” was           In the period commencing June
formed through statewide auditions     1996, the project auditioned 70
and achieved renown at the             students from around 200
Monterey Jazz Festival in the USA      prospective entrants. Twenty-five
and at several local events.           talented young people from public
ARTEXPRESS is an annual                schools were then selected for the             Graduates of the Talent Development
exhibition of artworks selected        initial phase of instruction and                       Program, 1996-97

from those submitted as part of        workshops. At the end of 1996, the
                                                                                     Trevor Ashley, Sydney Technical High
the HSC examination in Visual          most improved of these were chosen            School
Arts. The works encompass a            to advance to graduation. Prior to
broad range of media including         their graduation in August 1997,              Nathan Foley, Newtown High School of
                                       these performers concentrated on              the Performing Arts
painting, sculpture, drawing,
design, graphics, photography,         polishing and developing their                Leesa Gentz, Alstonville High School
textiles, film/video, computer         talents to further their careers in the
generated works, ceramics,             industry. In September 1997, 30               Luke Gilmour, Lockhart Central School

collections and integrated studies.    new participants commenced with               Richie Gudgeon, Gulgong High School
                                       the project.
In 1997 ARTEXPRESS exhibitions                                                       Suzanne Leask, Davidson High School
were held at three Sydney venues       The theme of the 14th annual
and in eight regional centres.         Schools Spectacular was “The                  Camielle Mullings, Kooringal High School

The works of 216 students              Edge”. The production team put
                                                                                     Melissa Preston, Grafton High School
were exhibited from over 12,000        together an innovative program in
submissions for the HSC                which the spotlight was on schools’           Anthony Snape, Gunnedah High School
examination. ARTEXPRESS                and teachers’ creativity.
represents the high standards and      Students from remote centres such
diversity achieved in the Visual       as Norfolk Island and Enngonia
Arts by senior high school students    joined with 2400 others to
in NSW. It reflects not only the       perform new and energetic
talent of individual students but      segments at the “cutting edge” of
also the strength of the curriculum    student achievement. This year
and the excellence of Visual Arts      several items were developed
teaching in NSW.                       within school communities and
The Talent Development Project         “stood alone” as examples of local
Incorporated is a careers-based        talent and commitment. Over 150
program preparing students for         schools participated and audiences
work in the entertainment industry.    members travelled from across the
The project is a joint initiative of   state to join in the experience. The
the NSW Government and the             performance was televised
private sector. Members of the         nationally on the Nine Network.
performing arts sector work closely
with participants in the project to
help them hone their talents for
entry into one of the most
demanding industries in Australia.

                                                                                 DSE Annual Report 1997                      31

                                   HIGHER SCHOOL CERTIFICATE

                              Reforming the Higher                    • enhancing the quality and
                                                                          status of vocational studies
                              School Certificate
                                                                      • developing explicit standards
                              In August 1997, the Premier                 against which achievement can
                              launched the Government’s White             be measured, and
                              Paper, Securing Their Future,           • reforming university entrance
                              which sets out the reforms to               arrangements.
                              secondary education in NSW. The
                              DSE made provision for schools to       The School Certificate will be
                              receive bulk copies of the White        restored as a significant milestone
                              Paper and for school principals in      of schooling – reference tests will
                              every district to be briefed by HSC     be replaced with external exams
                              Task Force members. The White           and students will receive their own
                              Paper was also made available on        marks. The tests will be held in
                              the Internet.                           November 1998 in English literacy
                                                                      and Mathematics. In 1999 Science
                              Securing Their Future is the result     will become compulsory, and in
                              of the most comprehensive open          2001 Australian History, Australian
                              and consultative review of the HSC      Geography, and Civics and
                              in its 35 year history. The             Citizenship will also become
                              consultation process included           compulsory following optional
                              distribution of 11,000 copies of the    implementation in earlier years.
 Contribute to                report, 38 public meetings in 14
                              locations with 4000 participants, 30    School-based assessment will be
                                                                      strengthened with the introduction
 the                          meetings with special interest
                              groups, and 1000 submissions of         of course performance descriptors
                              more than 6000 pages. Comments          in English, Mathematics and
 development                  were received from schools, school      Science.
                              councils, employers, representative     The DSE particularly supported
 of a stronger,               groups, universities and many
                              individuals including parents and
                                                                      changes to the way in which the
                                                                      TER is set out and calculated,
                              teachers.                               standards-based assessment
 simpler HSC                  The review builds on the best           and reporting, and the move to
                              features of the current HSC. The        more rigorous and challenging
 through                      reforms will enhance its intellectual   vocational subjects which do not
                                                                      close off the university option.
                              rigour, fairness and relevance to the
 successful                   needs, interests and abilities of all
                              senior secondary students.
                                                                      These reforms will improve the
                                                                      curriculum, encouraging students
                                                                      to test themselves by taking higher
 progress in the              The Government’s reform will
                              benefit students sitting for the HSC    level courses.
                              in 2001 by:                             The way students’ achievements
 development                  • improving curriculum                  are assessed and reported will
                                standards                             be improved so that everyone,
 of the HSC                   • creating more flexible study
                                                                      particularly parents and employers,
                                                                      will for the first time have accurate
                                requirements                          and detailed information about
 White Paper.                 • strengthening English through         what students know, understand
                                the introduction of a range of        and can do.
                                new courses

32   DSE Annual Report 1997
                                                          GETTING THE FOUNDATION RIGHT

Courses designed to help students       Changes to improve the relevance
get a job will be improved.             and rigour of the Year 10 School
                                        Certificate will begin 1998 with a
Over the next three years, the
                                        trial of both the Science test and
Government will commit $24m to
                                        Australian History, Geography and
the implementation of these
                                        Civics test in participating schools.
reforms, including an extensive
                                        Students sitting the trial tests will
training package for all teachers
                                        receive a separate mark for these
across the state.
                                        in addition to the official record of
Changes to the School Certificate       achievement.
will begin in 1998. HSC reforms
will be fully implemented for the       All students will sit the Science test
students who graduate at the end        in 1999 in addition to English
of 2001 – the current Year 8            literacy and Mathematics. The
students. Our Year 9, 10, 11 and 12     Australian History, Geography and
students will continue the current      Civics tests will be mandatory in
HSC program. However, some              November 2001. Unlike the current
changes such as those to the TER        reference tests, students will receive
                                                                                       Excellence in Expanding the HSC
will begin immediately.                 their own marks for each test to                      and SC Curriculum
                                        complement the school-based
                                        assessment of a student’s level of           Ballina High School received a Director-
Progress in the                         achievement in the subject studied.          General’s School Achievement Award for
                                                                                     its work in pioneering the establishment of
Implementation of HSC                                                                Marine Studies as one of the fastest
and SC Changes                          Support for Students                         growing School Certificate and Higher
                                                                                     School Certificate courses. ™As well as co-
                                        Undertaking the HSC                          authoring courses for Board of Studies
An intensive process of discussion,                                                  approval, teachers at the school initiated
investigation and trial will precede    HSC On-Line was launched on the              the first ever Marine Studies State
the full implementation of changes      Internet in 1997. Over 14,000 hits           Conference and the establishment of a
to the HSC, to be sat by the current                                                 professional association and a Marine
                                        were made on the Internet site
                                                                                     Studies Centre.d
Year 8 students in 2001.                during the first month of its
Given the significance of the           operation.
proposed 2 unit curriculum, an          HSC On-Line, a joint venture
investigation into the application of   between the NSW Department
this model began in October 1997.       of School Education and
Key groups consulted included           Charles Sturt University was
professional associations, the          designed to give students across
universities, the Board of Studies      NSW unprecedented access to
syllabus advisory committees and        information which will help them
subject experts. The final course       prepare their HSC exams.
structure and content for each
subject will only be determined after   The site contains specially prepared
a subject by subject evaluation is      subject and course material,
completed in 1998-99.                   including tutorial study tips
                                        and past HSC exam papers. It
An assessment of how schools can        also has special information for
accommodate the 2 unit structure        teachers, including professional
within existing school resources        development data.
was also conducted in more than
35 schools, representing a broad        HSC On-Line currently contains
cross-section of all schools. Year 11   information about 16 subjects
students will select courses based      including Agriculture, Computer
on the 2 unit curriculum model and      Studies, Drama, English,
schools will draft new timetables.      Geography, Japanese and

                                                                                 DSE Annual Report 1997                       33

                                                          The site was demonstrated at a         James Ruse Agricultural High
  Government Student Participation in                     Commonwealth Conference on             School had by far the largest
   Vocational Education, 1995-1997                        Education and Technology in            number of students on the Course
                                                          Botswana and generated great           Order of Merit List with 241. Of
                        1995       1996      1997         interest among the delegates.          the 20 schools with the highest
                                                                                                 number of Order of Merit students,
  JSSTAFE              17,954 20,770 20,152               The HSC Advice Line is an
                                                                                                 14 were government schools.
                                                          initiative of the Board of Studies
  Industry                                                and began in 1995 to provide           Of the 39 courses with candidatures
  Studies               1,634     2,711      3,669
                                                          HSC students with support and          of more than 1000, 26 were topped
  Vocational                                              assistance. On its first day the HSC   by students from government
  Content                                                 Advice Line received double the        schools. Penrith High School and
  Endorsed              4,896     9,206 10,568            number of calls in 1997 compared       James Ruse Agricultural High
  Total                24,484 32,687 34,389               to 1996 indicating the 1997 Year       School were the only schools in the
                                                          12 students were making full use       state with three students coming
                                                          of this expert advisory service.       first in one of the 39 courses.
                                                          This year the number of teachers       Courses topped by government
     Participation in VETAB Courses
                                                          providing support and assistance       school students included all five
           All Related Courses                                                                   Mathematics courses and five of
                                                          was boosted by 116 teachers from
     Course                       Female Male     Total
                                                          564 to 680 with the number of          the six Science courses.
Industry Studies – Retail          141       64 205       telephone lines expanded from 61       A total of 16 students from
Industry Studies – Hospitality 528          208 736       to 79.                                 government schools were placed
Industry Studies – Metal and
                                                          The Department was happy               on the Board of Studies list of
 Engineering                          3     201 204                                              outstanding performers. These
Hospitality – Vocational          1050      412 1462      to support the Board of Studies
                                                          in providing students with an          students scored more than 90 in all
Furnishing – Vocational              20     226 246
                                                          opportunity to gain additional         of the courses studied for the HSC.
Building and Construction –
 Vocational                           6     411 417       academic support when they begin
Rural Studies – Vocational           21      85 106       their final revision of work.          Vocational Education
Electronics – Vocational              0      68      68                                          and the HSC
Office Skills – Vocational         594      153 747       Higher School
                                                                                                 Three types of vocational courses
Retail – Vocational                216      120 336       Certificate 1997                       are available as part of mainstream
                                                          A total of 37,000 government           senior secondary education. Apart
                                                          schools students received the 1997     from their content, they differ
          School Delivered Vocational                                                            mainly in terms of accreditation
              Education Training                          HSC. Of the 149 courses examined,
                                                          94 students from government            and examination.
                                 No. of No. of Students
              Course            Teachers Classes          schools throughout NSW came top        Joint secondary schools/TAFE
                                                          or equal top.                          (JSSTAFE) courses are written,
 CEC Building and
                                                          The Government announced that it       developed and delivered by TAFE.
  Construction                    156     140     1463                                           School students attend TAFE
                                                          would not permit the release of
 CEC Electronics                    53     33     320
                                                          TERs (Tertiary Entrance Rank) for      colleges to participate in these
 CEC Furnishing                   136      95     776
                                                          the 1997 HSC because of a pressing     courses. JSSTAFE courses are
 CEC Hospitality                  608     396     4327
                                                          need to separate the HSC from the      accredited by the Board of
 CEC Office Studies               264     225     2508
                                                          TER and ensure that the HSC            Studies for the purposes of
 CEC Retail                       251      84     837     remains the principal record of        obtaining the HSC. They are
 CEC Rural Industries               80     52     337     student achievement. Nevertheless,     also accredited by the Vocational
 Industry Studies Hospitality             199     2339    more information than ever before      Education       and     Training
 Industry Studies - Retail                 63     676     was made available to the public       Accreditation Board (VETAB) and
 Industry Studies - Metal and                             through the identification             may be counted towards further
  Engineering                 138          76     654     of the 8042 government and             TAFE studies.
 Totals                          1686 1363 14237          non government students who            The Industry Studies course and
                                                          achieved outstanding results in one    vocational content endorsed courses
                                                          or more of their HSC courses.          are developed by the Board of

34        DSE Annual Report 1997
                                                                                                                GETTING THE FOUNDATION RIGHT

Studies and are taught in schools                                         Student Destinations
by the Department’s teachers. Like
JSSTAFE courses, Industry Studies                                         An important outcome of schooling
and vocational content endorsed                                           to HSC level is student success in
courses are accredited by both the                                        gaining further education or
Board of Studies and VETAB.                                               employment.
While both types of courses can be
counted towards the award of the                                          Of 1996 HSC candidates, 61 per                                                    HSC Enrolment by Key Learning Area
                                                                          cent applied for a university place,                                                      (KLA), 1995-1997
HSC, only Industry Studies can be
included in the calculation of a                                          and 33 per cent actually enrolled                                                 KLA                  1995      1996      1997

student’s TER.                                                            in university in 1997, compared                                                                         %         %          %
                                                                          with 31 per cent the previous year.                                               Creative Arts         6.5        6.7          7.1
The number of students enrolled in
vocational courses continued to rise                                      The proportion of students
                                                                                                                                                            English               17.7      17.6      17.5
in 1997. Over 29 per cent of all Year                                     employed fulltime and not in
11 and 12 students completed a                                            educational training also increased.                                              HSIE                  23.6      23.8      23.3

vocational course as part of their                                        About 8.4 per cent of graduates
                                                                                                                                                            Languages             2.8        2.6          2.5
studies in 1997. The major area of                                        did not enter the workforce or
growth in 1997 was with school                                            enrol in further training, down                                                   Mathematics           19.1      18.9      18.8
delivered vocational courses.                                             nearly a percentage point from the
                                                                          previous year.                                                                    PDHPE                 5.0        5.3          5.7

                                                                                                                                                            Science               13.3      12.8      12.3

                                                                                                                                                            Technology and
                                                                                                                                                            Applied Studies       12.0      12.2      12.8
          1997 Destinations of 1996 Candidates in Government Schools

                                                       1996 School Students Awarded HSC
                                                                 33454 (100%)


     School students
                                               Eligible for TER                 Not Eligible for TER
      awarded HSC
                                                28999 (86.7%)                      4455 (13.3%)
        in 1996

                                                    w                                     w
                                         Applied for a University             Did not apply for a
     Application for
                                           Place through UAC
                                                                                                                                                                Post School Destinations of
                                                                            University Place through
    Unviersity in 1997                                                                                                                                       Government School HSC Graduates
                                             20277 (60.6%)                   UAC 13177 (39.4%)

                                                                                                                                                                                1996              1997

                                        Offered a University          Not offered a
    University Offers
                                        Place 14129 (42.2%)          University Place
        for 1997
                                                                      6148 (18.4%)                                                                          University          31.6%          32.7%

                                                       w                                                                                                    Training            36.2%          36.9%
                             Enrolled at
        University                                 Enrolled at NSW or
                         University Interstate                                                                                                              Employed FT          8.6%              9.9%
        Enrolment                                   ACT University in
                          (Other than ACT)
         in 1997                                   1997 10524 (31.5%)
                             423 (1.3%)
                                                                                                                                                            Employed PT         12.9%          10.5%
                                                   w                    w                      w                     w                       w
                                                                                                                                                            Repeated             1.5%             1.6%
                                                                                        Employed F/T           Employed P/T          Unemployed or
       Training and                          Enrolled in       Repeated HSC in                                                         not in labour
      Labour Force                        training in 1997     school or TAFE in
                                                                                           and not in             and not in                                Other*               9.2%             8.4%
                                                                                         education or            education or        force and not in
    Pathways in 1997                       12354 (36.9%)        1997 541 (1.6%)                                                        education or
                                                                                       training in 1997       training in 1997
                                                                                         3309 (9.9%)            3499 (10.5%)         training in 1997                           100%              100%
                                                                                                                                       2804 (8.4%)
University Enrolment         Enrolled in                                                                                                                    *Includes unemployed, or not in the labour force
 in 1998 from 1996        university in 1998       w                  w                       w                     w                      w                 and not in education and training.

     HSC Cohort             1052 (3.1%)
                                                             w                     w                      w                      w

    Source: Department of Training and Education Co-ordination

                                                                                                                                                        DSE Annual Report 1997                              35

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