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PREFACE                                                  xii
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS                                          xiv




                                              AL
 1   What Is Dressage?                                    1




                                          RI
     Dressage Defined                                      1



                                     TE
         A Training Method                                 1
         A Riding Foundation                               2
         A Competitive Sport                               4
                               MA
         An Equestrian Art                                 5
         A Personal Journey                                5
         A Common-Sense Science                            7
                          D

     A Brief History of Dressage                           9
         Ancient Origins                                   9
                      TE


         Combined Training                                10
         Cavalry Competition                              11
               GH




         American Dressage                                12
     How Dressage Competitions Are Governed               12
         The U.S. Dressage Federation                     13
           RI




         Types of Dressage Shows                          14
            Recognized Shows                              15
      PY




            Schooling Shows                               15
            Ride-a-Tests                                  16
            Eventing or Combined Training Competitions    16
CO




         The National Governing Body                      16
         The Federation Equestre Internationale           17

 2   The Discipline of Dressage                          18
     An Overview of the Rider’s Aids                      18
         Your Hands                                       19
           Contact                                        21
           Control                                        22
         The Rein Effects                                 24
           The Opening or Leading Rein                    24
           The Neck Rein                                  24
           The Reins of Opposition                        24
                     Contents

    The Leg Aids                                  24
    The Seat                                      26
       The Classical Seat                         26
       Three Points of the Seat                   27
       Developing an Independent Seat             28
       The Forward Seat                           28
       Cross Training                             30
       The Back and Abdominal Muscles             30
    The Whip                                      31
    Spurs                                         33
    Your Voice                                    33
Dressage Training Principles                      34
    Training Objectives                           35
    The Training Pyramid                          35
Overview of the Gaits                             36
    The Walk                                      37
       Collected, Medium, and Extended Walk       37
       Free Walk                                  37
    The Trot                                      38
       Rising Trot                                39
       Sitting Trot                               40
       Working versus Collected Trot              40
       Extended Trot                              40
       Passage and Piaffe                         41
    The Canter                                    42
       The Aids for the Canter                    43
       Change of Lead                             43
       Flying and Tempi Changes                   44
       Counter-Canter                             44
Overview of the Levels                            44
    Introductory Level                            45
    Training Level                                45
    First Level                                   46
    Second Level                                  48
    Third Level                                   50
    Fourth Level                                  51
    The FEI Levels of International Competition   52
Additional Movements and Figures                  54
    The Dressage Arena                            54
    Voltes and Circles                            54
    Figure Eights and Serpentines                 56
                         vi
                         Contents

        The Halt                                        56
        The Half-Halt                                   56
        The Rein-Back                                   57
        The Lateral Movements Defined                   57

3   Your Dressage Education                             62
    The Importance of Dressage Instruction              62
        Reasons for Taking Dressage Lessons             62
        Signs That You Need an Instructor’s Help        63
    Arranging Dressage Lessons                          67
        What to Expect in the Beginning                 68
        How Long Will You Need Lessons?                 70
        How Long Will You Spend at Each Level?          70
    Finding a Dressage Instructor                       72
        Starting with Instructor Certification          73
        Extending Your Search                           74
        Arranging Lessons for Children                  75
        Arranging Lessons for Your Horse                76
        Discerning Teaching Styles                      76
        Appraising a Training Facility                  77
    Preparing for Your Lessons                          79
        Donning Safety Gear                             79
           Helmet                                       80
           Boots                                        81
           Riding Pants                                 81
           Shirt                                        81
           Gloves                                       82
           Coat and Vest                                83
        Being Fit for Riding                            84

4   Becoming a Thinking Rider                           86
    The Mind Game                                       86
    Dispelling Some Riding Myths                        87
    The Thinking Rider versus a Joy Rider               91
    The Thinking Rider Understands the Horse’s Senses   92
        Eyesight                                        92
        Hearing                                         92
        Smell                                           93
        Touch                                           93

                            vii
                         Contents

    The Thinking Rider Is a Safer Rider                    93
    The Thinking Rider As Trainer                          94
        Facing the Fear Factor                             96
        Thinking through Problems                          99
          The Learning Process                            100
          Self-Education                                  103
    The Thinking Rider as Communicator                    105
        Communicating Leadership                          106
        Communicating Trust                               108

5   Choosing a Suitable Dressage Horse                    111
    What about Breed?                                     111
    Why It’s Best to Learn from a Schoolmaster            114
    Searching for a Horse                                 117
    Knowing What to Look for in a Dressage Horse          118
        Assessing Gaits and Movement                      120
           Tracking Up                                    120
           Straightness                                   120
           The Prepurchase Exam                           122
        Evaluating Conformation                           125
        Evaluating Temperament                            126

6   Caring for Your Dressage Horse                        128
    What You Need to Know                                 128
    Boarding Your Dressage Horse                          128
        Benefits of Boarding                              130
        Selecting a Boarding Facility                     131
        The Riding Arena                                  133
           Looking at an Arena’s Features                 134
           Evaluating a Riding Arena’s Footing            135
        Safety First                                      136
        Practical Considerations                          136
    Secure and Safe Containment                           137
        Fencing                                           137
        Stalls                                            138
    Manure Management                                     139
    Protecting You and Your Horse with Equine Insurance   140




                            viii
                          Contents

    Keeping Your Horse Healthy                  141
        Selecting a Veterinarian                141
        Keeping Up with a Vaccination Program   143
        Understanding Equine Diseases           143
           Equine Encephalomyelitis             144
           Equine Infectious Anemia             144
           Equine Influenza                     144
           Rhinopneumonitis                     145
           Tetanus                              145
           Rabies                               145
           Potomac Horse Fever                  146
           Strangles                            146
           West Nile Virus                      146
           Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis   147
        Disorders of Dietary Origin             148
           Colic                                148
           Laminitis (Founder)                  149
           Ulcers                               150
        Avoiding Internal Parasites             151
           Common Types of Internal Parasites   151
           Parasite Control                     152
        Keeping Up with Hoof Care               153
           Selecting a Farrier                  153
           Routine Hoof Care                    154
           Common Foot Problems                 154
           Dental Care                          155
    Feeding Your Dressage Horse                 156
        Forage and Commercial Feeds             157
        Supplements                             159

7   Buying Tack and Riding Apparel              161
    Dressing for Dressage                       161
    Saddles                                     161
        Saddle Fit                              162
        Saddle Pads                             163
        Girths                                  164
        Stirrups and Stirrup Leathers           165
    Bridles and Bits                            167
        The Snaffle Bridle                      167
        The Double Bridle                       169

                             ix
                          Contents

    Riding Apparel                            171
        Show-Ring Attire                      171
        Dress Boots                           172
        Riding Pants                          174
        Gloves                                174
    Caring for Your Tack and Riding Apparel   175

8   Preparing for Your First Competition      177
    To Show or Not to Show                    177
    Choosing a Show                           180
         Ride-a-Tests                         180
         Schooling Shows                      180
         Recognized or Rated Shows            181
    Selecting Your Tests                      181
    Participation Requirements                182
    Entering a Show                           183
    Who Does What at a Show                   184
         Volunteers                           185
            Scribes                           185
            Runners and Scorers               185
            Gatekeepers                       186
            Ring Stewards and Show Managers   186
         Technical Delegates                  186
         Judges                               186
    Grooming Your Horse for a Show            188
         Clipping                             188
         Giving Your Horse a Bath             189
         Pulling and Braiding Manes           190
         Tails                                193
    Cleaning Tack                             193
    Packing for a Show                        194
    The Night Before                          197

9   Riding a Dressage Test                    199
    Preparing for the Test at Home            199
        Memorizing the Test                   200
        Visualization                         201



                              x
                          Contents

     Riding the Halt                          202
     The Salute                               204
     Understanding a Dressage Test            206
         How a Dressage Test Is Scored        207
         Elimination                          208
         Scratches                            210
     Warming Up at a Show                     210
     When It’s Time to Ride Your Test         212
         Enter at A                           213
         Ride Flawless Figures                215
         Stay Calm, Even If Things Go Wrong   215
         The Final Halt and Salute            216
         Check Your Score                     216

10   Moving Up and Learning More              219
     Moving up the Levels                     219
         Training Level                       219
         First Level                          221
         Second Level                         221
         Third Level                          222
         Fourth Level                         223
     Riding to Music                          223
     The Quadrille                            225
     The Learner-Judge Program                226
     When Sport Becomes Art                   227

GLOSSARY OF COMMON HORSE TERMS                229
REFERENCES                                    236
     Books                                    236
     Horse Magazines                          240
     National Dressage Organizations          241
         Local Dressage Organizations         242
     Other Equine Organizations               247
     Breed Associations and Registries        248
     Horse Equipment Catalogs                 249

INDEX                                         251


                              xi

				
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