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					1998 Terrapin Invitational
Round 7
Tossups by Virginia Tech

1. Most economic theorists of the late 1800s claimed that the utility of a good determined its price, while classical
theorists claimed that the cost of production determined the price of the good. This economist combined these two
theories, and concluded that both factors helped determine price in his most famous work. His belief in a
self-regulating economy based on private enterprise and consumer welfare led to the founding of welfare economics.
FTP, name this Cambridge economics professor who introduced concepts like “time analysis” in his 1890 Principles
of Economics.
Answer: Alfred Marshall

2. Visually, they appear as roughly circular bright spots; however, radiation at other wavelengths is often emitted
from lobes on opposite sides of the visual bright spot. The nearest of them, Centaurus A, was once believed to be
the collision between an elliptical and a spiral galaxy, but is now believed to be a singular system with two separate
pairs of long-wavelength radiation sources. FTP, name these astronomical objects, of which the first to be detected
was Cygnus A, that often emit a million times more radiation in the kilohertz and megahertz range than the Milky
Way.
Answer: Radio Galaxies

3. The plot of this drama never sat well with Queen Elizabeth or her censors, and their aversion to it increased
further when, just before his planned rebellion, the renegade Earl of Essex revived it to remind Londoners that "there
was precedent for the dethroning, and even killing of an English monarch." Although the Lord Chamberlain's Men
were cleared of complicity in the plot, it was not until 1608 that the Third Quarto included the complete text,
relating how Henry Bolingbroke deposed and killed his ineffectual cousin, and claimed the throne for himself.
FTP, name this history play, the initial installment of Shakespeare's `first tetralogy,' whose title character is
imprisoned and murdered in Pontefract Castle.
Answer: The Tragedy of King Richard II

4. This period got its start when the capital was moved to from Nara to Kyoto. Although the move was supposed to
be symbolic of the resurgence of imperial authority, dominance of the government fell into the hands of the
powerful Fujiwara family by 858. The period was characterized by a rejection of Chinese institutions and
influences in favor of those which better reflected native tendencies, as well as by the beginnings of Japan‟s feudal
system. Its height saw the court figure Lady Murasaki write the romantic novel The Tale of Genji , which
delineated the society of the period. FTP, identify this period of Japanese history, which lasted from 794 to 1185,
which came to an end following the establishment of the first shogunate under the Minamoto clan.
Answer: Heian Period

5. In its earliest uses, the term was a synonym for moral egoism. Ever since Descartes, in his Meditations, wondered
how he could be certain that extramental objects existed, it has come to signify a particular metaphysical or
epistemological position. Since then, the epistemological form, stating that “all empirical knowledge originates in
inner cognitive states” has been approved of by most philosophers. Hume and other skeptics conceded that the
metaphysical form is implausible but irrefutable, Russell tried to show its logical inconsistency, and Wittgenstein
and his followers attacked it vigorously on the basis that the statement of the doctrine requires the use of a “private
language.” FTP, identify the term, made up of the Latin words for “self” and “alone,” often designating the
position that there exists nothing but the self alone, and that all other objects and people are projections of it.
Answer: solipsism

6. This tissue is composed of several types of cells, including parenchyma, which is often grouped together in rays
that radiate horizontally, and elongate fibers which function as supportive elements. Tracheids are elongate and
tapering with thick, hard secondary, cell walls, while vessel elements are shorter and wider with bordered pits in
their sides, and fluid can flow directly through them. FTP, what is this vascular tissue that transports water and
dissolved minerals upward through the plant body?
Answer: xylem
7. Its publication in 1774 inspired Ugo Foscolo‟s sequel, Le Ultime Lettere di Jacopo Ortis, and led many to commit
suicide in imitation of its hero. In this best-selling short epistolary novel the title characters beloved, a simple girl,
marries a steady bourgeois; it was so popular that the Chinese painted the protagonist and his love, Lotte, on
porcelain for the export trade. That protagonist is an intelligent, artistic, and idealistic young man who eventually
shoots himself in the head. FTP, name this novel in the zerrissenheit style, the first major success of Johann
Wolfgang von Goethe.
Answer: The Sorrows of Young Werther

8. He once told his beleaguered countryman “Don‟t show yourselves to be doubly inferior to your ancestors, who
took the empire -- Remember that it is more shameful to lose what you have than to fail in an attempt to get more,”
thereby encouraging them to weather an outbreak of plague that would eventually kill him as well. This “Last
Speech,” along with the “Funeral Oration,” is among the factors Thucydides cited when he praised this statesman as
having maintained a “government by first man” when “Athens was in name a democracy.” FTP, name the
long-term Athenian „general‟ who, before leading his city into the Peloponnesian War, had presided over the
decades of its greatest prosperity, democracy, and cultural achievement.
Answer: Pericles

9. All 27 of this compound's carbon atoms are derived from acetate. The acetate is converted to isoprene, the
isoprenoid units are in turn condensed to form a linear precursor, squalene, which then cyclizes to the main
precursor of this compound. This compound, with formula C27 H46 O, alters membrane plasticity, and is itself a
precursor of mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids. FTP, name this compound whose name is Greek for “solid
bile.”
Answer: cholesterol

10. Ironically, this relentless celebrator of mechanization and other manifestations of modernity died in a fall from a
horse while training for World War I in 1916. Seven years before his enlistment, he had come to Milan and
exchanged his early pointillist style, learned from Balla, for a freer manner in both painting and sculpture; he met
with the poet Filippo Marinetti, who encouraged him to explore and glorify "modern technology - violence, power,
and speed." FTP, name this author of "The Manifesto of Futurist Sculpture," who created The Cavalry
Charge , The City Rises , Synthesis of Human Dynamism , and Unique Forms of Continuity in Space.
Answer: Umberto Boccioni

11. The grandson of a Portuguese immigrant, he lived a quiet life on Cape Cod and later moved to his father‟s farm
at Spence‟s Point, Virginia, which prompted him to write his memoir The Best Time. This Harvard graduate‟s work
in the US Medical Corps and the Norton-Harjes Ambulance Service during World War I inspired his first book, One
Man's Initiation. He wrote about the Spottswood family in the his second, less radical trilogy entitled District of
Columbia, but his greatest success came in the publication of the trilogy whose novels were The 42nd Parallel,
1919, and The Big Money. FTP, name this author of the U.S.A. trilogy.
Answer: John Dos Passos

12. Considered a patriot in his homeland as well as in the United States, before his death in 1817, he ordered that his
Ohio property be sold to provide education for black Americans. Forty years earlier, he had served with colonial
forces in the American Revolution and fought under General Horatio Gates; his selection of a defensive position
contributed significantly to the decisive American victory at the Battle of Saratoga. FTP, identify this military hero,
who would go on to lead the valiant but unsuccessful resistance to the Second and Third Partitions of his native
Poland, whose name was given to the highest peak in Australia.
Answer: Thaddeus Kosciusko

13. The formula describing it is usually expressed as lambda prime minus lambda equals the quantity Planck‟s
constant multiplied by one minus cosine theta, divided by the quantity rest mass of an electron multiplied by the
speed of light. Lambda prime is the wavelength of the scattered photon, while lambda is the wavelength of the
incident photon. An experimental demonstration of this phenomenon was first done in 1923, in which a beam of
X-rays was incident upon carbon, and a movable detector measured the energy of the scattered X-rays at various
angles. FTP, name this phenomenon, in which radiation scatters the loosely bound valence electrons of an atom.
Answer: Compton Effect or Compton Scattering
14. Its purpose was to discourage future Castro-style revolutions through largely peaceful, bilateral action. Under
the plan, Latin American nations would support policies that would remove excessive tax burdens on the poor and
initiate agrarian reform. In return, the Kennedy administration pledged to quadruple over the next ten years the
amount of foreign aid which Latin American nations had received during the Truman and Eisenhower
administrations. FTP, identify this American program, announced in the spring of 1961, which signaled a shift in
traditional front line of the Cold War.
Answer: Alliance for Progress

15. Though he acted in the movies Kurotokage (Black Lizard) and Yukoku (Patriotism) and wrote many pulp fiction
novels, he is better known for philosophical works such as Sun and Steel and The Temple of the Golden Pavilion.
An advocate of Bushido, he eventually became the commander of a paramilitary organization known as the
Tatenokai, and on November 25th, 1970, he publicly committed ritual suicide. FTP, name this Japanese author of
The Sea of Fertility and Confessions of a Mask.
Answer: Yukio Mishima

16. As a child, he was known as Demna, and it was this name that he used when he introduced himself to the druid
Finegas. However, Finegas soon guessed his real name, as it was prophesied that Finegas would catch the Salmon
of Wisdom but that this man would eat it. The best known story about him is The Pursuit of Diarmuid and
Grainne. FTP, name this warrior in service of the high king Cormac, the father of Ossian and the slayer of the
monster Aillen.
Answer: Finn MacCool or Fionn Mac Cumhail

17. His alleged murder by opponents in 1961 set off protest riots in many parts of the world, but he was made a
national hero and declared a martyr just five years later. President Eisenhower indirectly ordered his assassination,
while CIA Director Allen Dulles instructed his agents in central Africa that his "removal should be a high priority."
In September of 1960, he and his main political rival, President Joseph Kasavubu, dismissed each other from office
during a crisis that saw an army mutiny and the secession of Katanga province. In the end, however, it was
Congolese agents led by Colonel Mobutu who are believed to have killed him after he left UN custody. FTP, name
this first prime minister of the Republic of Congo.
Answer: Patrice Lumumba

18. In one of her poems Amy Lowell described them as "Friendly to a house-cat and a pair of spectacles, / Making
poetry out of a bit of moonlight / And a hundred or two sharp blossoms." However, they appear more prominently
in the work of another American poet, wherein they combine with "drooping star in the west, / and thought of him I
love" to form a "trinity," and serve as a reminder to the poet of a great loss he and the country suffered one spring.
FTP, give the common name of this flower of the shrub of the genus Syringa, which the speaker of Walt Whitman's
elegy gathered and placed on Lincoln's coffin "when last in the dooryard they bloomed."
Answer: lilacs

19. This composer wrote La bonne chanson for the husband of Emma Bardac, and a suite of six pieces for her
daughter Dolly, which was orchestrated by Henri Rabaud. His pupils included Enescu and Koechlin, and, like his
teacher Saint-Saens, was organist at La Madeleine. In 1893, he wrote incidental music for Molière's Le bourgeois
gentilhomme, and the Sicilienne from that work was later used in incidental music to a play by Maeterlinck. FTP,
who is this composer of the Low Mass, a famous Requiem, and music for Pelléas et Mélisande?
Answer: Gabriel Urbain Faure

20. His education at the School of Mines in Freiburg prepared him for his five-year stint as a mine assessor in
Prussia. The first to draw maps with isothermal lines, he was employed by the Russian government to survey the
Ural Mountains and Central Asia for mineral resources and explored much of Central and South America from 1799
to 1804. FTP, name this author of the five-volume work Kosmos , perhaps best known for lending his name to a
famous current that flows along the west coast of South America.
Answer: Baron Friedrich Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt

21. Landmarks here include the Cerro (or hill) for which it is named, the mausoleum of José Gervasio Artigas, the
Cabildo, and an ornate cathedral completed in 1804. Founded by the Spanish governor of Buenos Aires in 1726, in
order to secure the area against Portuguese infiltration from Brazil, the city was besieged for nine years during the
larger nation‟s civil war. For ten points, give the name of this city on Río de la Plata, Spanish for “I see a hill,” the
capital of Uruguay.
Answer: Montevideo

22. Called Boriquén (bor ee ken‟) by the Indians who inhabited it, Columbus claimed the island for Spain on his
second voyage to the New World and named it after John the Baptist. Its capital was founded in 1508, and through
common usage, its citizens began using the name given to the city to refer to the island, and vice versa. FTP,
identify the island located at the eastern end of the Greater Antilles, whose capital was originally named for the rich
harbor it afforded its Spanish colonizers.
Answer: Puerto Rico

23. En route to a professional conference 1940, while watching “. . .a flock of birds lifting and wheeling in
formation as they flew alongside the train,” he conceived the notion of a system for delivering air-to-air missiles to
their targets using trained avians as on-board guiding devices. Although Project Pigeon, as his efforts in this field
came to be called, never produced a usable weapon, it did mark the end of the first phase of his career in which,
despite inventing devices like a special “box” for delivering rewards to animal subjects, he confined himself to
controlled laboratory experiments and refused to speculate on the practical implications of his results. FTP, name
this psychologist who, in his later years, became the leading advocate of deliberately applying “operant conditioning
techniques” to shape human behavior, the author of the novel Walden Two.
Answer: Burrhus Frederic Skinner

A village has been repeatedly attacked by a pack of forty bandits. The village elder‟s advice is to hire warriors to
protect the village; those hired include a swordsman looking to perfect his technique, an elderly former army
commander, and a man who might not even be a samurai. The bandit leader is finally slain by Kikuchiyu, who is
played by Toshiro Mifune. FTP, name this Akira Kurosawa classic which was remade by Hollywood as The
Magnificent Seven.
Answer: The Seven Samurai

Explorers from Earth's Galactic Alliance, led by Keith, discovered it on a peaceful planet located in the Diamond
System of the Denubian Galaxy‟s Azure Quadrant. That planet, Arus, had been devastated by the evil ruler of
Planet Doom. The explorers volunteer to pilot it and they subsequently defeat King Zarkon and his Ro-beasts with
the robot's Blazing Sword. So, FTP, activate interlock, connect your dynatherms, put up your infracells, and hit the
megathrusters to name this composite robot which is composed of five mechanical lions.
Answer:      Voltron
1998 Terrapin Invitational
Round 7
Bonuses by Virginia Tech

1. Identify these orders of insects from members FTP each.
1. Grasshoppers and crickets
Answer: orthoptera
2. Dragonflies
Answer: odonata
3. Mayflies
Answer: ephemerida

2. Identify the following Western Front Battles of World War One for the stated number of points.
5. It began in February 1916 with a German offensive operation which was designed to capture a French fort of
symbolic significance. The offensive halted within a month, and French General Phillippe Petain held the fort
throughout the year, until retreating German armies yielded him a Pyrrhic victory.
Answer: Verdun
10. In a last ditch effort to save Paris, the Allies used taxis to bring nearly every available soldier to the front.
Halting the initial, rapid German advance of September 1914 through massive casualties, it also ended the initial
"war of movement" and inaugurated the prolonged stalemate that was to last, virtually uninterrupted, until Spring
1918.
Answer: Marne
15. It took place July to November 1917 near a Flemish town that had once been a thriving textile manufacturing
center, but had already been destroyed by earlier battles there. It started off promisingly enough for the Allies, but
the offensive bogged down in the rains of late summer, and the battle's named ended up as a byword for `bloody,
unavailing slaughter'.
Answer: Passchendaele or Third Ypres

3. From a definition, identify each of the following rhetorical figures, for the stated number of points.
5. A double-negative used to emphasize or “intensify” a concept by ironic understatement.
Answer: litotes
10. Substitution, for a single word, of a longer phrase that goes around it but expresses the same idea;
“circumlocution.”
Answer: periphrasis
15. Word or words which add nothing, strictly speaking, to the logical meaning of the sentence, nor satisfy any
syntactic requirement, but rather add emotion, emphasis or euphony; a deliberate “redundancy”.
Answer: pleonasm

4. 30-20-10, name the person.
30. A teacher at Bordeaux and the Sorbonne, he was appointed to the first chair of sociology in France in 1913.
20. He wrote about mechanical solidarities, such as religious beliefs, and organic solidarities, such as the division of
labor in his 1893 work The Division of Labor in Society.
10. His works include The Rules of Sociological Method, Suicide: A Study of Sociology and The Elementary Forms
of Religious Life.
Answer: Emile Durkheim

5. For 10 points each, name from clues each of three Greek goddesses, whose names sound somewhat alike.
1. This daughter of Oceanus was the first wife of Zeus. Zeus swallowed her after as oracle predicted she would
bear a child greater than his father, but a while later, her daughter, the goddess Athena, sprang full-grown from
Zeus‟ forehead. Her name means „cleverness‟.
Answers: Metis
2. As in the case of Metis, the oracle declared that this sea-nymph would bear a son greater than his father. Acting
more prudently, Zeus married her off to a mortal general Peleus; by this man, she bore the Greek hero Achilles.
Answer: Thetis
3. Sometimes also called „Uranea‟, since she was the daughter of Uranus with Gaea, this titaness, whose name
means „wisdom‟, married Zeus after Metis‟ death, and gave birth to the Asthaeae and the Horae. She is perhaps
best known, in her capacity as augur, for pronouncing to the gods the oracle concerning Thetis‟s son.
Answer: Themis

6. Organic and biological chemists take great care to distinguish the different classes of isomers. For 10 points
each, identify from a brief description the corresponding term from the study of sterioisomers; molecules whose
atoms and bonds are identical, but differ from one another in their arrangement in space.
1. Meaning “opposite parts” in Greek, it denotes molecules that are exact opposites of one another, and so are said to
differ in “handedness.”
Answer: enantiomer
2. This class comprises all stereoisomers that are not also enantiomers, for example, all cis and trans varieties of
straight-chain alkenes, and molecules with more than one stereocenter which are not mirror images of each other.
Answer: diasteriomer
3. Applied primarily to simple sugars or monosaccharides, with so-called alpha and beta forms, this term describes
molecules with carbons that become chiral centers upon “cyclisation.”
Answer: anomer

7. Answer the following questions about The Glass Bead Game for the stated number of points.
5. Who wrote Magister Ludi, or The Glass Bead Game?
Answer: Hermann Hesse
10. Who is the protagonist?
Answer: Joseph Knecht (Accept either.)
10. Name the utopian society in which Knecht lives.
Answer: Castalia
5. Give the German term for a “novel of discovery,” often used to describe a novel like The Glass Bead Game,
which focuses on the mental and spiritual development of its protagonist.
Answer: Bildungsroman

8. OK, who's going to medical school? Medical students have many mnemonics for all those anatomical structures
they have to memorize and this bonus is about medical student's favorite mnemonic sentence: On Old Olympus's
Towering Top A Finn Von German Valzed A Hop.
1. For 5 points, this sentence helps one remember the order of what 12 nerves, which are commonly numbered N I
(n one) to N XII (n twelve)?
Answer: cranial
2. Of the 12 cranial nerves three begin with the letter O, hence, On Old Olympus's. For 5 points each, name these
three cranial nerves which are numbered N I, N II, and N III.
Answer: optic, oculomotor, and olfactory
3. For 10 points, which cranial nerve begins with the letter H, hence Hop, and is numbered N XII?
Answer: hypoglossal

9. FTP each, name the following architectural landmarks of the Acropolis, from a description of their purpose and
their appearance in 431 BC.
1. This huge Doric temple, built from Ictinos' plan, included two statues of Athena: the Athena Promachus just in
front of the columns, and Phidias' famous ivory and gold version within the temple itself. The sight of its painted
frieze, depicting in relief the Panathenaic procession, dominated the view of the Acropolis from the city.
Answers: Parthenon
2. This irregularly planned temple, next in size to the Parthenon and lying to that structure's west, featured the
famous Porch of the Maidens. The sacred olive tree and sacred serpent that were kept there embodied the spirit of
the city's patron deity, Athena, and of Athens' legendary first king.
Answer: Erechtheum
3. Still unfinished at that time, and fated to remain so forever, Mnesicles' "great monumental gateway" to the
Acropolis nevertheless housed a celebrated "picture gallery".
Answer: Propylaea

10. In 1987 the Iran-Contra Affair Hearings pre-empted many soap operas. See how much you remember about the
Affair FTP each.
1. What lieutenant colonel, a military aide to the National Security Council, was the chief negotiator of the arms
deal with Iran?
Answer: Oliver North
2. In November 1986 a Lebanese magazine reported that the U.S. government had negotiated an arms deal with
Iran. What attorney general verified that millions of dollars from these sales were sent to the Contras?
Answer: Edwin Meese
3. The Iran-Contra deal violated what 1984 Congressional law which prohibited direct or indirect U.S. military aid
to the Contras?
Answer: Boland Amendment

11. Name the Dostoyevsky novels from plot summaries, for 10 points each.
1. This epistolary novel, his first published work, describes the hardships endured by the government clerk Makar
Dievushkin and his friend Barbara Dobroselova.
Answer: Poor Folk or Poor People
2. Stephan Verhovensy‟s Nihilist son Pyotr wrests away control of a progressive group from his father; his activities
result in arson, a suicide, an assassination, and the utter destruction of two innocent families.
Answer: The Possessed or The Bedeviled
3. The self-described "anti-hero" is a retired civil servant living in isolation on the edge of St. Petersburg who muses
on the incompatibility of the demands of will and reason. In the second part, subtitled "Apropos of the Wet Snow,"
he narrates some incidents from much earlier in his life.
Answer: Notes from the Underground (Accept Notes from Underground , Letters from the Underworld, or
other close variants)

12. For 5 points per answer, identify the two longest rivers that flow through each of the following European
nations.
1. Italy
Answer: Po and Tiber or Tevere
2. Spain
Answer: Tagus or Tajo and Ebro
3. Poland
Answer: Vistula or Wisla and Oder

13. Answer the following questions about the novel Lolita for the stated number of points.
5. Who was the author of Lolita?
Answer: Vladimir Nabokov
10. What was Lolita‟s real name?
Answer: Dolores Haze (Accept either.)
15. Name the man whom Lolita finally marries.
Answer: Richard Schiller (Accept either.)

14. Identify these composers of famous waltzes FTP each.
1. This Austrian is known for works like Voices of Spring, Roses from the South, and the Emperor waltz.
Answer: Johann Strauss, Jr. or Johann Strauss II
2. This French composer‟s popularity rivaled Strauss in the 19 th century, but now he is only remembered for
lighthearted works like Estudiantina, Golden Rain, and Les Patineurs, or the Skaters waltz.
Answer: Emile Waldteufel
3. Although he is better known for his operettas, this Hungarian wrote about 65 waltzes, including the popular Gold
and Silver waltz.
Answer: Franz Lehar

15. Answer the following questions about Arab conquerors and conquests for 10 points each.
1. In A.D. 750, the Abbasids overthrew the Umayyad caliphate. The Umayyad exile Abd-ar Rahman made his way
to Spain, where he established this emirate in 756, which later became a caliphate, and which lasted for over three
centuries.
Answer: emirate of Cordoba or Cordova
2. The caliphate of Cordoba came to an end after its rulers had called on this Berber people to assist them in their
wars against the Christians at Az-Zallaqah in A.D. 1086. Six years later, this group established its control over the
area.
Answer: Almoravids
3. A century before, this group who claimed the caliphate based on descent from a daughter of the Prophet, set up a
caliphate in North Africa which rivaled that of the Abbasids. At its height, the dynasty controlled North Africa and
Egypt, Palestine and Syria, parts of Arabia, as well as several areas in the Mediterranean
Answer: Fatimids

16. Identify the following D.H. Lawrence works from a brief description for 10 points each.
1. This novel deals with three generations of the Brangwen family; Ursula‟s story is continued in the sequel, Women
in Love.
Answer: The Rainbow
2. Paul Morel, the main character, is introduced to the world of books and art, and eventually becomes a decent
painter. He has love affairs with Clara Dawes and the farm girl Miriam, but he eventually rejects both of them for
an independent life.
Answer: Sons and Lovers
3. This book details D.H. Lawrence's personal religion. First published under the title The Escaped Cock , it retells
the story of Christ's resurrection, except that rather than ascending to heaven, Christ mates with a priestess of Isis.
Answer: The Man Who Died

17. Answer the following related questions for the stated number of points.
10. Name the physicist who postulated that any material particle moving with momentum p has associated with it a
wavelength lambda, which is related to p by the formula lambda equals Planck‟s constant divided by p.
Answer: Louis de Broglie
5. Name the physicist who used de Broglie‟s work to state that no experiment can ever be performed to give an
uncertainty below the limits dictated by Planck‟s constant, the energy differential of the particle, and the time
differential.
Answer: Werner Heisenberg
15. Name the experiment which first confirmed the wave nature of electrons, performed at Bell Labs when the
principal scientists were investigating the reflection of electron beams from the surfaces of nickel crystals.
Answer: Davisson-Germer experiment

18. Answer these questions about the era of China‟s Han dynasty for 10 points each.
1. Although born of peasant origins, he outmaneuvered his rival Hsiang Yu in the free-for-all following the collapse
of the Ch‟in Dynasty, becoming emperor in 202 B.C. and establishing the Han dynasty.
Answer: Liu Pang or Liu Bang
2. Also known as the “Martial Emperor,” this fifth Han emperor, who ruled from 140 B.C. to 87 B.C. pursued
vigorous military campaigns, adding Manchuria, Korea, and South China to the Han state. He had markedly less
success in campaigns against the Hsiung-Nu, or northern barbarians.
Answer: Wu-Ti
3. China‟s Western, or Early Han Period, and its Eastern, or Later Han Period were separated by an interregnum
from A.D. 9 to A.D. 23, when this usurper, the only ruler of the Hsin dynasty, occupied the throne.
Answer: Wang Mang

19. Identify the constellations on a 15-5 basis.
1. 15. Its second-brightest star, Nath, is also part of the constellation Auriga.
       5. Its brightest star is the double star Aldebaran; it also contains the Hyades.
Answer: Taurus
2. 15. It contains the deep-sky object M42 as well as the stars Alnilam, Altinak, Mintaka, Bellatrix, and Saiph.
       5. It also contains the red supergiant Betelgeuse and the blue giant Rigel.
Answer: Orion

20. Granted a 20-year charter in 1816, the president of this institution applied for renewal of the charter four years
early, despite a warning by the incumbent U.S. president not to inject the issue into the election of 1832.
5. For 5 points, identify the financial institution.
Answer: Second Bank of the United States (prompt on Bank of the United States.)
10. For 10 points, identify the Bank‟s president, who was noted to be as arrogant as he was intelligent.
Answer: Nicholas Biddle
10. For 5 points each, identify the sitting U.S. president, who would go on to win reelection and destroy the Bank,
and his opponent, who lost despite having the Bank‟s financial backing.
Answer: Andrew Jackson , Henry Clay
5. For 5 points, identify the Supreme Court case whose precedent Jackson ignored in vetoing the recharter bill as
unconstitutional.
Answer: McCulloch v. Maryland

The reverence accorded medieval philosophers by their contemporaries has resulted in some widely-used
nicknames. For the stated number of points, identify the philosopher from his sobriquet.
(5) The “Subtle Doctor”
Answer: John Duns Scotus
(5) The “Angelic Doctor”
Answer: Saint Thomas Aquinas (Prompt on Saint Thomas.)
(10) “Doctor Mirabilis”
Answer: Roger Bacon
(10) The “Venerable Inceptor”
Answer: William of Ockham

Answer the following related questions for the stated number of points.
1. For 10 points, name the gigantic ash tree in Norse mythology which supported the universe and whose three roots
led to the realms of Jotunnheim, Niflheim, and Asgard.
Answer: Yggdrasill
2, For 5 points, give the collective name of the three women who, in addition to tending the world tree Yggdrasil
(ig‟ dra sil), sat in the shade of its branches and assigned a fate to each man.
Answer: Norns
3. For 5 points each, give the names of the Norns.
Answer: Urdur , Verthandi , and Skuld

(Miscellaneous) Identify the following New Wave hits from lyrics for 15 points, or for 5 if you also need the artist.
1. (15) “Traveling in a fried-out combie, / On a hippie trail head full of zombie. / I met a strange lady; she made me
nervous. / She took me in and gave me breakfast.”
(5) Men at Work.
Answer: Down Under
2. (15) “I feel a hot wind on my shoulder, and the touch of a world that is over. / I turn the switch and check the
number. I leave it on when in bed I slumber./ I hear the talking of the DJ...can‟t understand, just what does he
say?”
(5) Wall of Voodoo.
Answer: Mexican Radio

“Les Six” was a group of composers who received their nickname by a critic who compared them to the Mighty
Five. For 5 points each, name the members of “Les Six.”
Answer: Georges Auric, Louis Durey, Arthur Honegger, Darius Milhaud, Francis Poulenc, and Germaine Tailleferre
Butt; don‟t even use

(Social Science/Geography) Identify the following early movements in psychology for 10 points each.
1. Starting the from the extremely numerous experiments of Wilhelm Wundt and his group of student-researchers in
Leipzig in the 1870‟s—in which the subject was presented with a simple sense stimuli and asked to report his
instantaneous reaction—this earliest of schools sought to “analyze the many components of consciousness” through
“introspection.”
Answer: Structuralism
2. The school of both Francis Galton, the Englishman better known as the founder of the pseudoscience eugenics,
and the American Pragamatist William James, this branch claimed to take into account the „adoptive nature of
consciousness‟ so as to bring its theories into line with those of Darwin, and got its name from its central tenet that
“what the mind is or consists of is less important than what it does.”
Answer: Functionalism
3. Rejecting both the structuralist and functionalist approaches, on the view that the things they proposed to study,
like consciousness, were nonexistent or undefinable, John Watson in 1913 urged psychologists to focus exclusively
on measurable stimulus-response reactions, and so founded this branch which introduced the extensive use of
non-human animal subjects in experimentation, and was for many decades dominant in America.
Answer: Behaviorism
Ugh. Way too long

Amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, come in many shapes and sizes. However, there are only 20 "standard"
amino acids specified by the genetic code. How well do you know your 20 "standard" amino acids?
1. For 5 points, name the only achiral amino acid, also the smallest,coded for by the triplet, GGX.
Answer: glycine
. For 5 points each, these two standard amino acids, having chiral centers, are symbolized by the letters I and T.
Answer: isoleucine and threonine
3. For 15 points, this hydrophobic amino acid lacks a primary amino group, instead having a secondary amino
group.
Answer: proline
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Identify the following pertaining to the closing months of World War Two for 10 points each:
1. This international conference, following D-Day by a matter of weeks, brought together representatives of 44
governments in a lodge in northern New Hampshire to discuss postwar arrangements for rebuilding the world‟s
economy and avert future crises. It resulted in the founding of International Bank for Reconstruction and
Development and the International Monetary Fund.
Answer: Breton Woods
2. Though it set out to accomplish in the political sphere what Breton Woods had done in the financial one, this
negotiation session, seeking to establish a General International Organization to replace the League of Nations,
stalled over such issues as “the voting system of the proposed Security Council and the membership provisions for
the constituent republics of the Soviet Union”. It took place August 21 to October 7, 1944, at a famous
Georgetown Estate.
Answer: Dumbarton Oaks
3. In this American city, from April 25 to June 26, 1945, delegates hammered out the final form of the U.N. Charter,
and fifty nations signed it.
Answer: San Francisco
Kind of easy, isn‟t it

Identify these places important in the life of Ludwig van Beethoven for the stated number of points.
(5) He spent nearly all of his career in this city, at the time the center of European musical life.
Answers: Vienna
(10) He was born and raised in this then-provincial Rhenish town.
Answer: Bonn
(15) In 1802, while staying in this suburb of Vienna, he came to the realization that he would become totally deaf.
The testament he penned there explains to his heirs explains his suicidal despair, while giving his reasons for living
and struggling on in spite of it.
Answer: Heiligenstadt (The document is the Heiligenstadt Testament.)
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