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					Word Endings

Created by Randy Stark and Terry Day 1999

When to double

Examples
When to just add

Try your skills
When to drop the “e” Flowchart

When to double
Double when you find a short vowel next to the last letter

bat ..batting
1) Is it short? 2) Is it next to the last letter?

If yes, then double the last letter

When to double
Double when you find a short vowel next to the last letter

sad … sadder

fat ..fatter

wag … wagging
pot … potted

Should you double?
Double when you find a short vowel next to the last letter

run ? walk ?

Yes! No

running

slip ? log ?

Yes ! Yes !

slipped logger

When to just add
Just add the ending when there are two letters after the short vowel or when there is a long vowel sound

walk
1 2

walking
Just add

When to just add
Just add the ending when there are two letters after the short vowel or when there is a long vowel sound

land
1 2

landed
Just add

When to just add
Just add the ending when there are two letters after the short vowel or when there is a long vowel sound

rain
Long a sound

raining
Just add

When to just add
Just add the ending when there are two letters after the short vowel or when there is a long vowel sound

weak
Long e sound

weaker
Just add

When to drop the “e”
Drop the “e” on the end when it is silent

take
Silent “e”

take
Drop the “e”

taking
Add ending

When to drop the “e”
Drop the “e” on the end when it is silent

nice
Silent “e”

nice
Drop the “e”

nicer
Add ending

When to drop the “e”
Drop the “e” on the end when it is silent

bake
Silent “e”

bake
Drop the “e”

baked
Add ending

Examples
Double when you find a short vowel next to the last letter

Double

trip …tripped
clip …clipper
got …gotten ship …shipped

mad …madder
trim …trimming wet …wetter

Examples
spill …spilled
think …thinking want …wanted

Just add

Just add the ending when there are two letters after the short vowel or when there is a long vowel sound

will …willing

print ...printer
plant …planted dress … dressing

Examples
meet … meeting
rain … raining sail … sailed

Just add

Just add the ending when there are two letters after the short vowel or when there is a long vowel sound

neat …neater

eat … eaten
clean … cleaner keep … keeper

Examples
Drop the “e” on the end when it is silent

Drop “e”

wave …waving
bike … biker
take … taking name … naming

make … maker
rate … rated face … facing

Find the rule using a flowchart

Find the last inside vowel.
Is it a long vowel sound? Yes

No

Find the last inside vowel.
Is it a long vowel sound? Yes

Does it use a silent “e” at the end? Yes No

Find the last inside vowel.
Is it a long vowel sound? Yes

Does it use a silent “e” at the end? Yes
Drop the “e” and add the ending

Find the last inside vowel.
Is it a long vowel sound? Yes

Does it use a silent “e” at the end? No
Just add the ending

Find the last inside vowel.
Is it a long vowel sound?

No
Is there just 1 consonant after the short vowel?

Yes

No

Find the last inside vowel.
Is it a long vowel sound?

No
Is there just 1 consonant after the short vowel?

Yes
Double the last consonant and add ending

Find the last inside vowel.
Is it a long vowel sound?

No
Is there just 1 consonant after the short vowel?

No
Just add the ending

Find the last inside vowel.
Is it a long vowel sound? Yes

Overview
No
Is there just 1 consonant after the short vowel?

Does it use a silent “e” at the end? Yes No
Drop the “e” Just add the and add the ending ending

Yes
Double the last consonant and add ending

No
Just add the ending

1 - 10 11 - 20

21- 30 31 - 40

cut + ing cuting cutting
A B

pot
A B

+ ed

potted poted

take
A B

+ ing

takeing taking

chain
A B

+ ed

chained chainned

talk
A B

+ ed

talked talkked

milk
A B

+ ing

milkking milking

rut
A B

+ ed

rutted ruted

blame
A B

+ ed

blamed blameed

slip
A B

+ ing

sliping slipping

big
A B

+ er

biger bigger

eat
A B

+ ing

eating eatting

want
A B

+ ing

wantting wanting

pull
A B

+ ed

pulled pulllled

spell
A B

+ ed

spellled spelled

big
A B

+ est

biggest bigest

log
A B

+ ing

loging logging

cup
A B

+ ed

cupped cuped

quit
A B

+ er

quiter quitter

plug
A B

+ ed

plugged pluged

hand
A B

+ ed

handded handed

make
A B

+ er

makeer maker

yell
A B

+ ing

yellling yelling

pop
A B

+ ed

poped popped

trade
A B

+ ing

tradeing trading

face
A B

+ ed

facd faced

ask
A B

+ ing

askking asking

flash
A B

+ ed

flashhed flashed

hike
A B

+ ing

hikking hiking

small
A B

+ est

smalllest smallest

braid
A B

+ ed

braidded braided

great
A B

+ est

greatest greattest

ship
A B

+ ing

shiping shipping

joke
A B

+ ing

jokeeing joking

rule
A B

+ er

ruller ruler

crawl
A B

+ ed

crawlled crawled

clean
A B

+ ed

cleanned cleaned

hop
A B

+ ing

hopping hoping

need
A B

+ ed

needded needed

skin
A B

+ ed

skined skinned

race
A B

+ er

racer raccer

drip
A B

+ ed

dripped driped

No


				
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posted:1/11/2008
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