Eidl Adha Muslim global holiday

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					                   Eidul Adha, a Muslim global holiday




                      By Abdel Aziz Dimapunong
                Imam, Masjid AlKhairi, Manila, Philippines



          [Originally posted at http://dimapunong.sulekha.com ]




 December 30, 2006, was a Muslim holiday. The exact date is the
corresponding date in the lunar Hijrah calendar which is the tenth day of
the Islamic month of Dhul Hijjah. This holiday is called Eidul Adha to the
Arabs, Eid-e Qurban for Persians and Kurban Bayrami for Turkish. The
exact spelling is the corresponding Arabic script. If one has to search the
Internet about it, the spelling in English could be Eidl Adha, Eid ul Adha,
Eid al-Adha, or Eidul Adha.

In my country, the Philippines, Eidul Adha is recognized officially by the
Government as a Muslim holiday. By virtue of a law which was recently
signed by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, Eidul Adha is now a National
Holiday in this country. It is among regular holidays under the
Administrative Code. Before the law was signed, Eidul Adha used to be just
a holiday for the Muslims only. Witnessed by Muslim legislators and
diplomatic personalities from the Organization of Islamic Countries,
President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo signed the law last November 13, 2002
at Malacanang Palace. The law also proclaims Eidul Fitr as a Muslim
regular holiday in the same way as Eidul Adha. The Eidul Fitr takes its
name from the Fitrah which is an obligatory religious Tax (Zakat) to be paid
by all financially able Muslims. Fitra becomes due and obligatory upon
sighting of the moon of the month of Shawwal and in the Hijrah calendar.
Fitra is recommended to be paid before the prayer of Eidul Fitr.
Eidul Adha marks the completion of the annual hajj, the pilgrimage to the
holy cities of Makkah and Madinah. On this occasion, I wish every Muslim
a great holiday and I congratulate all who perform the annual hajj this year.
At the end of the Hajj, Muslims throughout the world celebrate the holiday
of Eidul Adha.
Eidul Adha is also known as the Festival of Sacrifice. The sacrifice is called
Qurban. It lasts for three days and commemorates Ibrahim's (Abraham)
willingness to obey God-Allah by offering to sacrifice his son, Ishmael. It
was with a heavy heart that Abraham agreed to sacrifice his son but he was
ready to show his loyalty to his Lord. The feeling of Abraham's son,
Ishmael, was also the same as that of his father. Both of them were
committed to follow the commandment of God-Allah. Abraham drew his
knife to slaughter his son but just as the knife drew near, God-Allah
intervened and Ibrahim's son was replaced by a sheep. Ibrahim and
Ishmael were was so happy that they were relieved when they saw that it
was a sheep that was slaughtered. Ishmael was safe. God-Allah had asked
Ibrahim to sacrifice his son to test his faith in Islam and when Abraham
proved that he was willing to do it, God-Allah did not need him to commit
the slaughter of his beloved son. Being obedient to God-Allah, Ibrahim is
described in the Holy Quran as follows: "Surely Abraham was an example,
obedient to Allah, by nature upright, and he was not of the polytheists. He
was grateful for Our bounties. We chose him and guided him unto a right
path. We gave him good in this world, and in the next he will most surely be
among the righteous." (Qur'an 16:120-121)
The Feast of Sacrifice re-enacts Ibrahim's obedience to God-Allah. It is
done by pilgrims and all Muslims by sacrificing a cow, a ram, or a goat. The
family eats about a third of the meal and donates the rest to the poor.
During the Hajj, the pilgrims perform rituals in remembrance and in
commemoration of the trials and triumphs of Prophet Ibrahim, peace is on
him.
Ibrahim’s trial was to face the command of Allah to kill his son, Ishmael, as
a sacrifice. Upon hearing this command, he prepared to submit to Allah's
will. When he was all prepared to do it, Allah revealed to him that his offer
for sacrifice had already been fulfilled. He had shown that his love for his
Lord was above all and everything else, that he would lay down his own life
or his son in order to submit to God-Allah.
During the celebration of Eid al-Adha, all Muslims commemorate Ibrahim's
trial by slaughtering an animal such as a cow, sheep, camel, or goat. The
meat from the sacrifice of Eid al-Adha is mostly given away to others. One-
third is for the family and relatives, two-thirds for others, especially to the
poor. The act symbolizes a Muslim’s willingness to give certain things, in
order to follow Allah's commands. It also symbolizes a Muslim’s
willingness to give up one’s own bounties in order to strengthen ties of
friendship and help those who are in need.
On the morning of every Eidul Adha, Muslims around the world attend
morning prayers at their local mosques or any suitable places. Eidul Adha
begins with a short prayer (Salat) followed by a sermon (Kutbah) that is
delivered by the Imam. For the pilgrims in Makkah, the sermon is delivered
from Mount Arafat. For others, prayers are followed by visits with family
and friends, and the exchange of greetings and gifts.
The charitable practices of the Muslim community are demonstrated during
Eidul Adha by the concerted effort to see that no impoverished Muslim is
left without sacrificial food during this day. On his last pilgrimage, Prophet
Muhammad, peace is on him, pronounced the final seal on the religion of
Islam, coming immediately after the Day of Mount Arafat. The day before
Eid al-Adha is the Day of Arafat' or the Day of Hajj when millions of
Muslims make the journey to Mecca in Saudi Arabia to perform a
pilgrimage of religious rites known as the Hajj.
Virtually all of the rites and rituals of Hajj are based on the actions of
Prophet Abraham. These acts were re-implemented by Prophet
Muhammad, peace is on him. Even the Kaa'ba, also known as Masjid El
Harram, in Makkah was originally built by Abraham and his two sons.
Masjid El Harram is now a huge complex. Within this complex Masjid is
located a holy plinth to remind pilgrims of Prophet Ibrahim and Ishmael.




During Eidul Adha, Muslims greet each other by saying "Eid Mubarak". On
this occasion, may I say Eid Mubarak to everyone.

				
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Description: Eidl Adha Muslim global holiday.