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Desegregation_In_San_Jose_Schools

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					Desegregation In San Jose Schools

Word Count:
454

Summary:
You know that racial gap that’s getting so much attention? Well, I’m
thrilled that it’s on the minds of politicians, because it’s a problem.
Unfortunately, it’s a problem with some pretty deep roots. In 1971, San
Jose Public Schools had a dilemma. It seemed to parents that the schools
were knowingly and purposely segregating students. Hispanics were the
group most targeted in this segregation. So some parents filed a class
action suit with the intention of forcing the distric...


Keywords:
San Jose Schools, Patricia Hawke


Article Body:
You know that racial gap that’s getting so much attention? Well, I’m
thrilled that it’s on the minds of politicians, because it’s a problem.
Unfortunately, it’s a problem with some pretty deep roots. In 1971, San
Jose Public Schools had a dilemma. It seemed to parents that the schools
were knowingly and purposely segregating students. Hispanics were the
group most targeted in this segregation. So some parents filed a class
action suit with the intention of forcing the district to remedy the
situation.

San Jose Schools began to address and remedy the problem. For 18 years –
from 1985 when the Federal Court Order was settled, to 2003 when they
were able to demonstrate that they had complied with it, the district has
implemented the changes required by the court order.

A large urban school district, San Jose Schools serve approximately
32,000 students. San Jose Schools are located fifty miles south of San
Francisco, in the heart of the Silicon Valley. This is a geographic area
of over fifty square miles. The eleventh largest urban school district in
California, it has thirty-one elementary schools, seven middle schools,
and seven high schools.

The student population is:

31% Anglo 49% Hispanic 13% Asian
3% Black 4% other.

From 1985 to 2003, San Jose Schools followed the plan to desegregate all
of its schools in accordance with a Federal Court Order signed on behalf
of the Hispanic student population. The decision is based primarily on
making school choices available in the San Jose Schools. School choice is
another hot topic. Frankly, I think that choice pushes all schools to
improve. But not everyone aggress.
The court order was modified in 1998 to allow elementary age students to
attend their neighborhood schools. As a result of the Federal Court
Order, the San Jose School offers parents and students a wide variety of
middle and high school program and school choices.

In 1971, when segregation of schools in San Jose Schools was examined,
San Jose Schools were the only schools in California to have been found
guilty of intentional discrimination. The Court Order consisted of two
main goals: 1) to minimize racial isolation by allowing parents to choose
their schools; and, 2) to enhance academic achievement of all Latino
students.

In 2003, San Jose Schools were found to be in compliance with the order,
and were released for Federal Court Oversight. The decision is of
historical and national significance, as San Jose Schools are one of the
only districts approaching agreement in partnership with plaintiffs
rather than through contentious litigation.

But here we are in 2007, and all the desegregation effort find San Jose
Schools, and the nations, still struggling with a racial achievement gap.
Perhaps the answer doesn’t lie in is desegregation. Perhaps it lies in
the quality of each school

				
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