Spring-Summer 2008 150 FINAL to

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					               Mohonk Preserve

Ri d g e li n e s                                   Spring/Summer 2008, No. 150

      Protecting and
      Across the

 Shawangunk Ridge, photo by Frank Tkac
 Turkey Vulture in flight, photo by David Johnson
2 / Ridgelines

  Vantage Points

                                      Sustaining the Places We
                                      Care About Most
                                      By Glenn D. Hoagland, Executive Director

                                      “The commitment to nurturing and
                                      protecting places of natural beauty
                                      embodies some of our deepest convictions
                                      about environmental stewardship ....”
  photo by Colleen Grzesik

     The theme for Ridgelines in 2008-        to implement the strategies necessary to
2009 is “The Mohonk Preserve in the           ensure conservation success.
World,” focusing on how the Preserve’s             Significant environmental challenges
conservation mission and research work        loom worldwide, and even well-preserved
are connected to broader regional,            and much-loved places like the Mohonk
national, and global concerns. In this        Preserve are not immune. In the age of
issue, we show how we work to keep the        climate change, natural conditions and
landscape whole, to practice and share        the species that live and grow here are
with others sound long-term science,          beginning to shift, potentially forcing a
and to make awe-inspiring places like the     reconfiguration of some land
Shawangunks accessible.                       management and protection strategies.
     The commitment to nurturing and          Growth and development trends
protecting places of natural beauty           fragment surrounding landscapes,
embodies some of our deepest convictions      making it increasingly imperative to
about environmental stewardship—what          maintain migratory pathways and safe
Aldo Leopold called “the land ethic.” In      havens for wildlife across the
a recent article for the Land Trust           Shawangunks and beyond.
Alliance, “Saving the Land We Love:                Yet even in the face of such
Conservation and American Values,”            challenges, our society’s vision that there
William Cronon explains our                   must be accessible green places that
motivations and how experiences in            promote the health of the land, enhance
nature can be transformative: “By giving      our well-being, and nourish our spirits
us ways to sustain the places we care         remains strong. The human desire to be
most about, land conservation bears           outdoors—to seek solace, rejuvenation,
witness to our best memories of our own       and knowledge in nature—is what makes
past and present, and our best hopes for      it possible for the Preserve to maintain
our children’s future as well.” Thus he       the resiliency of this special
suggests that natural places must also be     environment, even as it shifts and
understood as cultural landscapes; we         changes anew.
protect natural areas because they reflect         We are grateful for the supporters of
our most dearly held common values.           the Mohonk Preserve whose efforts
     At the Preserve, we continually assess   express these same values. Our goal, now
natural conditions and trends and the         and long into the future, is to do what is
impacts of human use. We then use this        needed to make sure that the land we
information to determine whether and          love—its plants, animals, and humans—
how to act for the benefit of both people     will thrive, adapt, and endure for all
and nature. And we rely on staff,             time to come, across both the Hudson
volunteers, and donors coming together        Valley and the Earth.
                                                                          Spring/Summer 2008 / 3

                    Keeping the Landscape Whole:
                           Why Connections Matter
                        By Nadia Steinzor, Director of Communications

 Shawangunk Ridge                                                            photo by Veronique Dietrich

    “ ... connections help maintain the landscapes and migration routes
                on which species have relied for generations.”
     After studying a map of the Mohonk               Large protected areas (such as the
Preserve, most visitors choose a particular      Mohonk Preserve, Minnewaska State Park
spot or section of trail to enjoy for a few      Preserve, and Sam’s Point Preserve) support
hours or a day. But where would we go if         diverse environments and are key pathways
we needed to stay for months or years? And       for birds, bears, bobcats, coyotes, and many
what would we do if we had to cross hills        other animals. To prevent these special places
and forests to travel the entire Shawangunk      from becoming “habitat islands”
Ridge, north to the Catskills, or east across    surrounded by a sea of roads and buildings,
the Hudson Valley?                               projects are underway to ensure that natural
     We’ll likely never face such questions—     environments and wildlife corridors are
but they are a big part of everyday life for     maintained.
the many animals who live here, and whose             Key among these is the work of the
survival depends on having suitable habitat      Shawangunk Ridge Biodiversity Partnership
and being able to move freely from place to      (SRBP) of which the Mohonk Preserve is a
place. Providing such conditions is a central    major participant. The SRBP’s Green
challenge for land protection organizations      Assets project helps local communities and
like the Mohonk Preserve, particularly as        municipal governments integrate land
poorly-planned development creates barriers      protection tools and scientific data on
for animals—roads, houses, commercial            wildlife into their open space and
areas—and climate change alters their habitat.   development planning. And across the
     In recent decades, conservation             Hudson Valley, growing collaboration
scientists have realized how important it is     among land trusts ensures the protection of
to ensure that entire landscapes remain          contiguous parcels, and in turn the creation
intact and connected. Natural communities        of a wide network of connected landscapes
are healthiest when they have a diversity of     across which animals can survive and thrive.
plants and animals, many of which need                The actions of individuals also play a big
large areas of land to grow and to find food     role. Landowners who take advantage of
and mates. At the same time, extensive forests   financially beneficial arrangements that
and networks of wetlands, streams, and           balance land protection and development
rivers are what keep our air and water clean.    are key to maintaining connections across the
     As a result, efforts are increasing to      landscape. Citizen involvement in local
protect not just pieces of land, but also the    planning and zoning processes can ensure
connections among them. Often referred to        that the protection of natural resources is
as “wildlife corridors,” these areas provide     given priority. Reducing conflicts with
safe passage for animals and allow trees and     animals (for example by keeping garbage
vegetation to spread. They can be a few or       away from bears) and locating houses and
thousands of acres, a single stream or an        driveways away from migration paths are
entire valley, a densely wooded area or an       just some of the ways that we can support
open field. The important thing is that          our wild neighbors. In the long run, we’ll all
connections help maintain the landscapes and     reap the benefit: healthy environments long
migration routes on which species have           into the future.
relied for generations.
4 / Ridgelines

  What It Takes:
  The Challenges and
  Rewards of
  Land Management
  By Paul Huth, Director of Research,
  Hank Alicandri,
  Director of Land Stewardship,
  and John Thompson,
  Natural Resources Specialist
  (top) Preserve Stewardship and Research staff collecting data for a
  fish survey of the Coxing Kill stream, photo by Jamie Deppen
  (bottom) Mountain Spleenwort, photo by John Thompson

              “Through land management, the Preserve fulfills its
         two central goals: helping people understand and enjoy nature,
                      and protecting vital natural systems.”
     Nature expresses its power in many                                 everywhere, particular places, plants, and
ways. Some are short and intense, like                                  animals serve as important indicators of
wildfires and floods, while others are                                  ecological conditions as a whole.
constant and bucolic, like the growth of                                     For example, regular bird censuses
trees and warm sunshine. With this in mind,                             indicate whether habitat and weather
trying to “manage” nature may seem like                                 conditions are right for breeding and
an odd or even futile exercise. Yet sound                               migration and how bird populations are
management is a necessary part of conser-                               changing. Because they are high up on the
vation, a process that can benefit both people                          food chain and require cold, clear water,
and even natural systems themselves.                                    populations of Brook Trout in the Coxing
     Fortunately, a glance at the dictionary                            Kill teach us about the presence of insects
reminds us that to “manage” means not to                                and plants and water chemistry. The
control or restrain, but to “handle or direct                           historic return of the Peregrine Falcon to
with a degree of skill.” The Mohonk                                     the Preserve’s cliffs tells us that these areas
Preserve takes this approach to land                                    have suitable habitat and support prey
management by operating not as a master                                 species. And where the threatened
of the land, but as its caretaker.                                      Mountain Spleenwort grows in cliff face
                                                                        cracks, we know they’re getting enough
Observe and understand                                                  nutrients and moisture.
     One of the biggest challenges in land
management is simply determining what’s                                 Decide when to act
out there—the diversity of plants, animals,                                  The decision of whether to work to
and cultural resources that together make                               change conditions or to “let nature take its
places like the Mohonk Preserve healthy                                 course” is never quick or easy. We have to
and unique. This is certainly true in the                               take into account the consequences of
Shawangunks, which harbor more than                                     actions, the chances of success, and the
1,400 species and contain forests, fields,                              Preserve’s own capacity and resources.
streams, cliffs, and other environments.                                When ecologically sound conditions are
     Building on more than a century of                                 threatened, the Preserve (often working in
record-keeping initiated by Daniel Smiley,                              collaboration with other researchers,
we pursue careful and consistent                                        conservation organizations, and agencies)
identification and monitoring. While it’s                               reaches into a toolbox of strategies,
not possible to keep track of everything                                including:
                                                                        Spring/Summer 2008 / 5

• Removal of invasive species, such as               For the same reason—the preservation of
the widely spreading Ailanthus (“Tree of        important bird habitat—we’ve also taken the
Heaven”), brought to the United States          opposite action on 150 acres of old fields
from China as an ornamental. This gives         elsewhere on the Preserve. Primarily
native species a better chance of surviving     through mowing, we keep the fields in a
and helps ensure species diversity.             grassy state and at various stages of growth,
• Prescribed fire to prevent wildfires          rather than letting them revert back to
from growing out of control following           forest—an activity that provides habitat for
decades of fire suppression and the build-      more than 50 different bird species.
up of vegetation. This helps regenerate         Keeping the fields open also maintains scenic
vegetation and replenish soil.                  views and honors the Preserve’s historic and
• Deer management in an environment             cultural past (the fields were designated as
where the animal’s natural predators are        a part of the Mohonk National Historic
largely absent and overbrowsing of vegetation   Landmark landscape in 1986).
compromises the habitat and food supply
on which birds and other animals rely.          Follow a land ethic
                                                     Environmental conditions, both
Choose what to change                           worldwide and at the Mohonk Preserve, are
     When the Preserve was founded,             constantly changing. Making sure that the
ecological conditions existed that were         Preserve remains a healthy natural system
based on certain longstanding uses of the       will require both flexibility and
land, in particular agriculture and logging.    responsiveness in the face of shifts that are
Some places on the Preserve still reflect       both natural (such as flood, fire, and
important lessons about when and how to         fluctuations in wildlife populations) and
act to maintain healthy natural systems.        human-induced (such as climate change,
     For example, when Duck Pond was            acid rain, and the carving up of land from
built more than a century ago, it was           development).
surrounded by open farm fields. Since                Through land management, the
then, the fields have largely reverted to       Preserve fulfills its two central goals:
forest (as has happened across the              helping people understand and enjoy
Northeast). We’ve let that happen because       nature, and protecting vital natural
the forests provide key habitat for birds       systems. In this way, we uphold the
such as the Worm-eating Warbler, Wood           “Mohonk Land Ethic”—as part of a
Thrush, and Scarlet Tanager (all of which       community of all living things, we need to
are considered Species of Greatest              do right by the land, now and forever.
Conservation Need in New York).

  Wood Thrush
  photo courtesy of U.S. Fish                                                         Duck Pond
  & Wildlife Service
                                                                            photo by John Thompson
6 / Ridgelines

  Peak Experience

                                             Intimate Beauty:
                                             An Interview with Eric Hertz

  photo by Cade Hertz

Many conservationists believe that to motivate      At the time, the best mechanism was to
people to protect a place, they must first know     purchase property, so we formed the
and love it. This is certainly the case with Eric   Rondout Esopus Land Conservancy.
Hertz, founder of Earth River Expeditions.               People really care about what will happen
Based in Accord, New York, the company offers       to their land. Protection is best achieved when
rafting, sea kayaking, and trekking trips in        landowners reach decisions based on their
North and South America, the South Pacific,         values—you can give them viable options but
and Asia. Eric spoke recently with Ridgelines       they have to make their own choices.
Editor Nadia Steinzor about the importance
of connecting to nature, both around the            You’ve traveled the world over. What is
world and here at home.                             special about the Shawangunks?
                                                         More than 30 years ago, I walked along
How did you first get involved in                   the cliffs for the first time and knew I had
adventure travel and conservation work?             to live here. There is something intimate
    When I was 12, I was on a canoe trip            about the beauty of this landscape. It’s easy
on the Toms River in New Jersey. We came            to feel lost in vast places, but here you can
around a bend and saw the clear water turn          connect to all the little things. I’m amazed
purple because a dye factory was dumping            by how the pitch pines endure and are one
waste in the river. Since then I’ve wanted to       with the rock, and by the colorful lichen
help people understand nature and the               and the clear streams. When the international
threats to it. In the 1990s, I led                  guides I work with come here, they’re blown
conservation awareness trips for policy-            away by how the land pulls you in close.
makers and the media to James Bay in                     Because the Mohonk Preserve is so
Québec to help stop a massive hydropower            accessible, you have a perfect platform for
project and to the Bio Bio River in Chile,          environmental education and observation,
which has been altered by dams. One of              to help people understand what conser-
Earth River’s top destinations is the               vation is and why it matters. When people
Futaleufu River in Chile, where a series of         get out on the land, they come away changed.
dams and a massive open pit gold mining
operation are being planned for the valley.         What inspires you about conservation
    When people see beautiful places—               work?
water, wildlife, landscapes—the experience               It’s heartening to see so many people and
speaks to their hearts. They can’t believe it       organizations concerned with saving farmland,
could all be lost, and become advocates for         mountains, rivers, and open views. Great
conservation.                                       things happen when people with common
                                                    values and goals come together. It also takes
You have a background in land trust                 some luck, like the right timing with a
work, starting in the Hudson Valley.                landowner or getting a policymaker outdoors.
     A lot of the work that we’re doing to               People often don’t realize how close we
help protect the Futaleufu stems from what          can come to losing places forever, and that
I learned here. Twenty years ago, I took a          their own actions matter. It’s more than just
walk along the Saunderskill with former             enjoying the land. It’s thinking long-term
Mohonk Preserve Executive Director                  about the region as a whole, and working
Seward Weber and Ira Stern to talk about            with the land trusts and conservation organi-
how to protect the land from development.           zations that are committed to the future.
                MOHONK PRESERVE

       Programs and Events
                May-August 2008

                                                           For information or to make
                                                           reservations call 845-255-0919.
                                                           • Reservations are required for most programs. If you make a
Trapps cliffs                                                reservation and are unable to attend, please call and cancel.
photo by Frank Tkac                                        • Unless otherwise noted, programs are free to Preserve
                                                             members; non-members pay the Preserve’s day fee.
                                                           • Children must always be accompanied by an adult.
       MAY-AUGUST •      Seasonal Programs
The Toddlers on the Trail Walks (monthly) and the Bob Babb Wednesday Walks (weekly) have resumed.
Schedules are available at the Visitor Center or online at No registration necessary.

The interpretive program How Did the Rope Get Up There: A History and Practice of Gunks Rock Climbing
will be held Saturdays and Sundays, May-August, at 11am and 1pm. Meet at the Trapps Bridge. This program,
led by Preserve Rangers who are experienced rock climbers, is 20 minutes long and involves a gentle stroll. No
registration necessary.

       May 2008
       SATURDAY, MAY 3RD •         Making Sense of Geology
4-5pm. Ages 15+. Sign up begins 4/17. Vince Clephas, Mohonk Preserve Board Member. The geology of the
earth is a multilayered topic, and theories about what happened when and how abound. How does the average
person make sense of it all? Long time Gunks enthusiast Vince will weave together the many threads of current
thought and present an approach to understanding the complex topic of geology. He will speak about plate
tectonics and the origins of the Hudson Valley, and will share resources. Indoor program.

       FRIDAY, MAY 9TH •      Earthquake Research at the Mohonk Preserve: Part I
8-9pm. Ages 15+. Sign up now. Leonardo Seeber, Senior Researcher, Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory at
Columbia University, and Mohonk Preserve Research Associate. Even though our area is considered
geologically stable, earthquakes do occur occasionally in parts of the Hudson Valley and provide geologists with
valuable information about our past and present. Learn how human activities can trigger earthquakes plus more
about a fascinating study taking place at the Mohonk Preserve. Indoor lecture. Fee: free to Members,
$5 to Non-members.

       SATURDAY, MAY 10TH •         Earthquake Research at the Mohonk Preserve: Part II
9-11:30am. Ages 15+. Sign up now. Leonardo Seeber, Senior Researcher, Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory
at Columbia University, and Mohonk Preserve Research Associate. Walk to the Preserve’s new seismographic
station and discover how citizens and scientists are working together to gather information. We will also hike to
investigate interesting fault lines. Moderate, 3 miles.

       SUNDAY, MAY 18TH •         Spring Wildflower Walk
2-5:30pm. Ages 15+. Sign up begins 5/1. Barbara Petersen and Roger Roloff, Volunteers. May is the month to
discover the ephemeral blooms of spring and Barbara and Roger are always hot on the trail of a variety of
wildflowers. This forest and ridge hike will lead us by spring beauties, pale corydalis, yellow-bearded violets,
white baneberry, and pink ladyslippers. The woods will be filled with the songs of migrating warblers. Perhaps
thrice-published Roger will share some of his poetry in this place he finds a major inspiration for his work.
Moderate, 4 miles.

       Stone Workshop with Dan Snow
9am-4pm. Ages 18+. Sign up now. Dan Snow, Master Stone Mason. Learn about the art and utility of
building with dry stone from an internationally recognized dry stone builder. The workshop will focus on the
basics of building dry stone structures and will include both didactic instruction and hands-on work. Participants
may sign up for either Saturday or Sunday, or for both days, for structured sessions and return on Monday for a
more casual session. Dan Snow is a Master craftsman certificate holder with the Dry Stone Walling Association
of Great Britain. His work is featured in the book In the Company of Stone as well as on a DVD titled Stone
Rising. Workshop fee: $125 (2 days) Saturday or Sunday, and Monday; $250 (3 days) Saturday, Sunday, and
Monday. The fee includes a $25 non-refundable registration fee. No refunds on the remainder after 5/10. For
more information, go to
     Digital Photography Workshop with G. Steve Jordan
9:30am-4pm. Ages 18+. Sign up now. G. Steve Jordan, fine-art landscape photographer and owner of
G. Steve Jordan Gallery. On the first day, Steve will talk about how to better see and capture images of the
natural world with a digital camera. In the afternoon, participants will go out on a moderate 3-mile hike field
trip. On the second day, participants will learn how to work with digital files, including saving, retouching,
printing, and archiving. All skill levels welcome. Lunch will be provided. For more information, go to Participants are welcome to sign up for one or both days. Fee per day: $60 Members,
$75 Non-members. The fee includes a $25 non-refundable registration fee. No refunds on the remainder
after 5/25. Rain or shine, indoor/outdoor event.

     May Singles and Sociables
Singles and Sociables outings welcome all adult hikers, single and non-single, ages 18 and above. No reservations
required – just come to the location listed at the time indicated. Fees for the hikes will vary according to location.
3-Sat. Mine Hole. Annette Weber. Mohonk Preserve Visitor Center. Strenuous, 8 miles. 9am-3:30pm.
4-Sun. Duck Pond. Jan Shuster. Spring Farm Trailhead. Moderate to strenuous, 8 miles. 10am-3pm.
10-Sat. Top of the Gunks. John Kenney. West Trapps Trailhead.
     Moderate to strenuous, 7 miles. 10am-3pm.
11-Sun. Peters Kill Meditation Hike. John Upton. Mohonk Preserve
     Visitor Center. Moderate to strenuous, 7 miles. 9:30am-3:30pm.
     Potluck afterwards.
17-Sat. Stissing Mountain. William Sullivan. Meet at
     Buttercup Sanctuary in Stanfordville, Route 82. Moderate to strenuous,
     8 miles. 9:30am-3:30pm.
18-Sun. Rhododendron Bridge and Beyond. Dale Hughes.
     Mohonk Preserve Visitor Center. Moderate with scrambling, 7 miles.
24-Sat. Rainbow Falls and Beyond. John Rashak. Minnewaska
     State Park Preserve Awosting Lot. Strenuous, 12 miles. 9:30am-4:30pm.
25-Sun. Northeast Trail. John Connolly.
     Spring Farm Trailhead. Easy, 5 miles. 10am-2pm.
31-Sat. Sky Top Loop. Tonda Highley. Mohonk
     Preserve Visitor Center. Strenuous with scrambling,
     8 miles. 10am-4pm. Potluck afterwards.

                                                               Green frog
     June 2008                                                                  Stream study       photos by David Ramage

     SATURDAY, JUNE 7TH (raindate, Saturday, June 14th) • Volunteer with Preserve Staff
9:30am-2pm. Ages 12+. Sign up now. Mohonk Preserve Staff. The Preserve has over 60 miles of trails that
are maintained by the Preserve’s staff. On this day learn how to build a rock causeway. Be ready for some
heavy lifting. Bring gloves, boots, water and lunch. The program will include a short hike to the location.

     SUNDAY, JUNE 8TH • Geothermal Energy:
     A Solution to Rising Heating/Cooling Costs
3:30-5pm. Ages 14+. Sign up begins 5/25. Charles Lazin, BS EE, Alternative Renewable Energies
Consultant, President, ALTREN Consulting and Contracting, Inc. The Preserve’s Visitor Center is a model
of green building, in large part because the building relies on geothermal technology for heating and cooling.
Learn how geothermal systems work and the economical and environmental benefits of utilizing this approach
in buildings and homes. Find out how you can limit your carbon footprint on the Earth and save on utility bills
by using geothermal and other alternative energy technologies like solar and wind power. Indoor program.

     SUNDAY, JUNE 15TH •             Father’s Day Hike
10-11am. All ages. Sign up begins 6/1. Daddy David Barnes and Baby Julian, Volunteers. What could be
better than to take a family hike on this day? Brand new Daddy Dave (and frequent skydiver) will lead you
through the summer woods. Jogging strollers are not appropriate for this walk. Easy, 1.5 mile hike.

     SATURDAY, JUNE 21ST •             Mohonk Preserve Annual Auction
Join us for a delicious dinner and a chance to bid on trips, art, adventures, and much more – all to benefit the
Preserve. For invitations and information call 845-255-0919.

     SATURDAY, JUNE 21ST •             Rock Rift Scramble
9:30am-2:30pm. All ages. Sign up begins 6/9. Gail Moran and Steve Schwartz, Volunteers. Enjoy the
greening woods with Gail and Steve as you hike to the enchanted jumble of Rock Rift. Be ready for some rock
scrambling through the cool stones of the Shawangunk Ridge. Moderate with rock scrambling, 6 miles.

     SUNDAY, JUNE 29TH •            Forest and Stream Discovery for Kids
9:30am-12:30pm. Ages 6+. Sign up begins 6/16. Roland Ellis, Mohonk Preserve Educator and Volunteer.
Do the same creatures live in the forest and stream? Join Roland for a short hike through the woods. Discover
for yourself what’s hiding there. Then travel to a cool stream for another hands-on search. Easy, ½ mile.
     June Singles and Sociables
Singles and Sociables outings welcome all adult hikers, single and non-single, ages 18 and above. No reservations
required – just come to the location listed at the time indicated. Fees for the hikes will vary according to location.
1-Sun. Lost City. Jan Shuster. Coxing Trailhead. Moderate to strenuous with scrambling, 6 miles. 10am-2pm.
7-Sat. Millbrook Mountain. John Upton. Mohonk Preserve Visitor Center. Strenuous, 7 miles. 9:30am-3:30pm.
8-Sun. Two Falls. Joyce Depew. Minnewaska State Park Preserve Peters Kill Lot. Moderate to strenuous, 7 miles.
14-Sat. Bottom of the Gunks. John Kenney. West Trapps Trailhead. Moderate to strenuous, 7 miles.
15-Sun. Mine Hole. Annette Weber. Mohonk
     Preserve Visitor Center. Strenuous with scrambling,
     8 miles. 9am-3:30pm.
21-Sat. Palmaghatt Ravine. William Sullivan.
     Mohonk Preserve Visitor Center. Strenuous with
     scrambling, 10 miles. 9:30am-4:30pm.
22-Sun. Undivided Lot Trail. Tonda Highley.
     Spring Farm Trailhead. Strenuous, 10 miles. 9am-4pm.
28-Sat. Mud Pond. Dale Hughes.
     Minnewaska State Park Preserve Awosting Lot. Strenuous,
     10 miles. 10am-4pm.
29-Sun. Shaupeneak Ridge. John Connolly.
     Route 299/9W Park and Ride. Moderate to strenuous,
     7 miles. 10am-3pm. Potluck afterwards.

     July 2008
                                                                                                           photo by John Litts

     WEDNESDAY, JULY 9TH •              Pilates at the Pavilion
6-7am. Ages 12+. Sign up begins 6/26. Elise Bacon, Owner, Pilates of New Paltz. Breathe in the cool morning
air as you stretch and strengthen your muscles with the flowing movements of Pilates. All fitness levels welcome.
Don’t let your age or ability stop you from enjoying this early morning wake-up to the light that is inside and
outside your body. For more information, go to Outdoor program.

     SATURDAY, JULY 12TH •              Summer Butterflies and Late Blooming Flowers
10am-1pm. All ages. Sign up begins 6/30. John Kenney, Volunteer. Join John for a hike through the fields.
Caterpillars, like children, are sometimes very finicky eaters. How does that butterfly flying overhead find the
only plant that her offspring will eat? Look for the larvae and eggs of the Swallowtail and the Monarch Butterfly
and check out what else is flying, crawling, or sprinting on this summer day. Moderate, 3 miles.

     SATURDAY, JULY 19TH •              Music at the Pavilion: Soul Purpose
6:30-8pm. All ages. Sign up now. Listen to the summer sounds and joyous music at the Slingerland Pavilion.
This band is guaranteed to “make your mama dance,” so bring the whole family. Easy, 1 mile. Fee: advance
tickets: $8 adults, $3 children 13-18, children 12 and under are free. At the gate: $10 adults, $5 children.

     SUNDAY, JULY 20TH •               Van Leuven Cabin Hike
10am-12noon. All ages. Sign up begins 7/7. Ron Knapp, President, Mohonk Preserve Board of Directors.
Enjoy the cool shade of Eastern Hemlocks as you walk on an old trail through the woods to the only New York
State Registered Historic Mountain Hamlet. The Van Leuven homestead in the Trapps Hamlet teaches us about
the lives led by people during the last two centuries. Along the way, Ron will share his knowledge of the Mohonk
Preserve and the Shawangunk Ridge. Easy, 2 miles.

     SATURDAY, JULY 26TH •              Dragonflies: Up Close and Personal ... Well, Not Very
10am-2:30pm. Ages 13+. Sign up begins 7/11. Larry Federman, Audubon New York. Did you ever see a
dragonfly up close? Not many of us get to do that since this insect may reach speeds of up to 60 mph. New York
entomologists are conducting a dragonfly census. Researcher Larry will present an overview of dragonfly biology
and identification, then will take you to a few choice viewing/catch and release spots. Easy, 2 miles.

     July Singles and Sociables
Singles and Sociables outings welcome all adult hikers, single and non-single, ages 18 and above. No reservations
required – just come to the location listed at the time indicated. Fees for the hikes will vary according to location.
5-Sat. Undercliff/Overcliff. Annette Weber. West Trapps Trailhead. Easy, 5 miles. 9am-12noon.
6 -Sun. Ice Caves. Annette Weber. Berme Road Public Lot. Strenuous with scrambling, 9 miles. 9am-3:30pm.
     Call Annette to reserve a spot.
12-Sat. Stokes Loop. John Upton. Mohonk Preserve Visitor Center. Strenuous, 8 miles. 9:30am-3:30pm.
13-Sun. Mt. Tremper. Jim Dewitt. Moderate to strenuous, 6 miles. Call Jim for meeting place and time.
19-Sat. North/South Lake. Tonda Highley. Meet in Saugerties, Exit 20 southbound entrance Park and Ride.
     Strenuous, 9 miles. 9am-4pm. Tailgate potluck afterwards.
20-Sun. Dry Brook Ridge. Dale Hughes. Call Dale for meeting place and time. Strenuous, 10 miles.
26-Sat. Rhododendron Bridge and Beyond. Bill Jasyn. Mohonk Preserve Visitor Center. Moderate to strenuous,
     7 miles. 9:30am-2pm.
27-Sun. Mine Hole. Annette Weber. Mohonk Preserve Visitor Center. Strenuous with scrambling, 9 miles.
     August 2008
     WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 6TH •                  Pilates at the Pavilion
6-7am. Ages 12+. Sign up begins 7/25. Elise Bacon, Owner, Pilates of New Paltz. Breathe in the cool morning
air as you stretch and strengthen your muscles with the flowing movements of Pilates. All fitness levels welcome.
Don’t let your age or ability stop you from enjoying this early morning wake-up to the light that is inside and
outside your body. For more information, go to Outdoor program.

     FRIDAY, AUGUST 8TH (cloud date, Saturday, August 9th) •                   Dancing with the Stars
9-10pm. Ages 12+. Sign up begins 7/1. Bob “Skyman” Berman, Astronomer and Author. The summer sky is
filled with more than mere meteors. Nationally known astronomer Bob Berman will guide guests on an
entertaining outdoor trip through the little-known wonders of the August heavens, with emphasis on our place in
the expanding universe and its greatest mysteries. Expect to see some meteors. Fee: $6 for Preserve Members and
$15 for Non-members (no refunds after 7/26). Moderate, 2-mile hike. Outdoor program, weather permitting.
Indoor at Visitor Center if inclement weather.

     SATURDAY, AUGUST 16TH •                Walk When the Moon is Full: Family Fun
7:30-9pm. Ages 5+. Sign up begins 8/1. Pam Uihlein, Mohonk Preserve Educator. Get ready to tune up your
night vision as we explore the fields and forests of Spring Farm. The creatures of the night will be our companions
as we identify their voices and learn more about their lives. Bring a flashlight, please. Easy, 1-2 miles.

     SATURDAY, AUGUST 23RD •                Wild Plants of the Mohonk Preserve
9:30am-12noon. All ages. Sign up begins 8/10. Aleese Cody, Volunteer and owner of “Help’s on the Way.”
The green plants of the earth provide food, shelter, and the very air we breathe. Herbalist Aleese will introduce
you to a variety of common plants found in the fields and forests of the Preserve and, quite possibly, in your own
backyard. Learn the do’s and don’ts of plant cultivation, uses, and collection. Reminder: no collecting of any kind
is allowed on Preserve lands. Bring a notepad, field guide, and camera. Easy, 2 miles.

     SATURDAY, AUGUST 30TH •                 Walking the Dogs
9:30am-12noon. All ages. Sign up begins 8/16. Fred Gerty, Volunteer. Bring your well-mannered dog on a
short leash for an easy hike through the fields and forests of Spring Farm. Check out the Preserve’s new old
longhouse tucked slightly off the beaten path. Bring the dog some water too. Easy, 4 miles.

     August Singles and Sociables
Singles and Sociables outings welcome all adult hikers, single and non-single, ages 18 and above. No reservations
required – just come to the location listed at the time indicated. Fees for the hikes will vary according to location.
2-Sat. Giants Workshop. Dale Hughes. Mohonk Preserve Visitor Center. Moderate to strenuous with scrambling,
     7 miles. 10am-3pm.
3-Sun. High Peters Kill. John Connolly. Minnewaska State Park Preserve Awosting Lot. Moderate to strenuous,
     7 miles. 10am-3pm.
9-Sat. Gertrude’s Nose. John Upton. Mohonk Preserve Visitor Center. Strenuous, 9 miles. 9:30am-4pm.
10-Sun. Ice Caves. Annette Weber. Berme Road Public Lot. Strenuous with scrambling, 9 miles. 9am-3:30pm.
     Call Annette to reserve a spot.
16-Sat. Three Peaks. John Kenney. Call John for meeting place and time. Strenuous, 10 miles.
17-Sun. Stony Kill Falls Bike and Hike. Ellen Berlin. Minnewaska State Park Preserve Upper Lot. Strenuous,
     12+ miles. 9:30am-3:30pm. Helmets required.
23-Sat. Compass Rock. Bill Jasyn. Coxing Trailhead. Strenuous, 8 miles. 9:30am-3pm.
24-Sun. Lake Awosting. Patti Porter. Minnewaska State Park Preserve Upper Lot. Moderate to strenuous, 7 miles.
30-Sat. Breakneck Ridge. Jim Dewitt. Strenuous with scrambling, 8 miles. Call Jim for meeting place and time.
31-Sun. Mine Hole. Annette Weber. Mohonk Preserve Visitor Center. Strenuous with scrambling, 8 miles.

     Looking Ahead
Pfalz Point Trail Challenge, Sunday, September 28th
13th Annual Hawk Migration Workshop, Saturday, October 4th (raindate, Sunday, October 5th)
19th Annual Ridge Hike, Saturday, October 18th
  (raindate, Sunday, October 19th)

  Protect this unique and beautiful landscape ...
  become a member of the Preserve and enjoy
  the following benefits:
     •   Use the 65-mile network of trails and carriage roads
     •   Attend programs free-of-charge or at a member rate
     •   Receive this newsletter three times a year
     •   Receive a discount at the Preserve Nature Shop
  For information go to or
  call 845-255-0919.                                                         Monarch Butterfly           photo by David Johnson
                                                                                     Spring/Summer 2008 / 7

  GUMBA Gives Back
  to the GUNKS
  By Kathy Burns

     Back in the late 1980s, as mountain
biking emerged and came to the
Shawangunks, dirt cyclists were the “new
kids on the block.” Concerns about this
                                                                                           photo by Nadia Steinzor
popular sport soon arose. Riders would
have an impact on the ridge’s fragile                pairs, control our own routes and mileage,
environment, and often lacked under-                 and can choose to ride at the Mohonk
standing about the privilege of pedaling in          Preserve, Minnewaska, or both. We
this unique natural area.                            conduct trail work, hold patrol clinics, and
     The solution came in 1993 with the              provide opportunities to learn CPR and
founding of the first volunteer bike patrols         First Aid. For the benefit of bikers, carriage
on Mohonk Preserve, which became the                 roads where it’s legal to ride have been
GUNKS Mountain Bike Association                      extended to include the Awosting Reserve
(GUMBA) and soon also included                       (part of Minnewaska) and (on a trial basis)
Minnewaska State Park Preserve. Both                 parts of the Mohonk Mountain House
places welcomed what GUMBA could                     property. (A new ridge-wide bike map will
offer: guidelines to ensure a great recreational     be issued by 2009.) With well over 100
experience while also protecting the land;           miles end-to-end available to all levels of
a reinforcement that wheels were                     bikers, the evolution of mountain biking in
inappropriate on trail systems; a request            the region is clearly working well.
that bikers respect slower-moving hikers                  Approaching its 15th season,
and equestrians; and a requirement that              GUMBA trains a new crop of patrollers
helmets be worn and speed limits applied.            each spring and allows them to schedule
     Some of the riders resented the new             their shifts online (see
restrictions, but the expanding membership           We’re also involved in advocacy work,
of GUMBA clearly felt otherwise. We knew             such as supporting the Shawangunk
that the changes were necessary to protect a         Mountain Scenic Byway. We help hold
magical place and were the key to continuing         local bike rodeos and a Mountain Bike
riding here. We adopted the rules of the             Festival, and have really cool jerseys.
International Mountain Bike Association                   We’d love to have you help keep
( and partnered with                    GUMBA rolling. The 2008 training will
rangers to be additional eyes and ears on the        be held at the Preserve’s Visitor Center
land. Our mission has always been positive           on Saturday, April 26th from 9:30am-
public relations, not enforcement.                   2:30pm. And if you can’t make it, we’ll
     GUMBA created a yearly training to              be happy to provide spot training
ensure that patrollers provide consistent            another time. Happy Carriage Roads!
interface and information. With the use of           Kathy Burns is a retired art teacher/outdoor educator who
radios, vests, and bike-plates, we’ve become         now works at Rocking Horse Ranch. She is a founding
a recognizable presence. Members are                 member and current director of GUMBA and oversaw the
                                                     design of its training. Kathy has raced mountain bikes for
asked to volunteer once per month, plus a            13 seasons. When not on a saddle, you’ll find her enjoying
holiday, from May-October. We travel in              live music or home gardening next to her poodles.

                                      Volunteer News
       The Volunteer Picnic will be held at Spring Farm on Saturday, July 19th. The picnic will be
 followed by an outdoor concert. Complimentary admission for volunteers – bring your access badges!
       The Annual Volunteer Recognition Dinner will be held Saturday, November 15th at the
 Visitor Center. Join us for an evening of celebration and fun!
8 / Ridgelines

                                                     The Kiosk
                                                       Teaching the Public
                                                            The 2008 winter lecture series
                                                       sponsored by the Shawangunk Ridge
                                                       Biodiversity Partnership (of which the
                                                       Preserve is a leading member) focused on
                                                       the importance of the region for the
  West Trapps Trailhead        photo by Frank Tkac     survival and well-being of migratory
                                                       animals. Titled “Where the Wild Things
                                                       Go,” the series included lectures on the
Monitoring the Earth
                                                       habitat needs and behavior of raptors,
     Mohonk Preserve is partnering with the
                                                       bears, deer, and monarch butterflies, as
SUNY New Paltz Geology Department
                                                       well as the importance of protecting and
and the Lamont-Doherty Earth
                                                       connecting land. Look for announcements
Observatory at Columbia University to
                                                       on next winter’s exciting offerings.
gather data on earthquake activity that
contributes to disaster preparedness. A
recently installed solar-powered                       Helping Birds
seismographic station (visible in the field east            Thanks to a $150,000 grant from the
of the Kleinekill Carriage Road) uses                  State Wildlife Grant program at the New
underground sensors to pick up activity                York State Department of Environmental
from across the Northeast. This information            Conservation, the Mohonk Preserve and its
is transmitted directly to the SUNY                    partners in the Shawangunk Ridge
campus and becomes part of the National                Biodiversity Partnership are launching a new
Seismic System to help evaluate the                    project to regenerate forest vegetation in
potential for earthquakes in New York, a               areas that have been heavily browsed by
geographic area that until now hasn’t been             deer. The project will test strategies that
adequately monitored for such hazards.                 allow plants to grow, thereby improving
                                                       habitat for ruffed grouse, wood thrush,
                                                       warblers, and other birds. Public
Sharing Expertise
                                                       information on the reasons for and
     In November, Preserve Director of
                                                       ecological impacts of expanding deer
Education Kathy Ambrosini presented a
                                                       populations will also be developed.
new workshop at the 40th Annual
Conference of the New York State Outdoor
Education Association. Titled “Out-of-                 Supporting Education
Sync and Sensory Starved,” the workshop                     The Mohonk Preserve has received
taught activities to combat the effects of             nearly $83,000 through New York State’s
“Nature Deficit Disorder” in children                  Zoos, Botanical Gardens & Aquariums
through the reintegration of the sensory               (ZBGA). For the last several years, ZBGA
processes that lead to thinking and learning.          funding has helped us provide services to
     A collaborative venture with the                  the tens of thousands of children and
American Museum of Natural History                     adults who come to the Preserve to learn
(AMNH)’s education program brought 40                  about nature. With this year’s grant, we
Preserve staff and education volunteers to             were able to continue expanding our
New York City last fall for a full day of              award-winning NatureAccess outdoor
interpretive training at the Museum.                   education program for people with
Educators from AMNH will visit the                     disabilities and improve exhibits and
Preserve in June for training in the areas of          activities both at the Visitor Center and
biodiversity education and local cultural              out on the land.
history. Through this training exchange, the
Preserve benefits from the interpretive                Bob Larsen Receives Award
knowledge of AMNH staff, who in turn                       Preserve naturalist and historian Bob
gain field-based natural history experiences.          Larsen is this year’s recipient of the
                                                                         Spring/Summer 2008 / 9

“Environmental Distinguished                   Welcoming Veterans
Achievement Award” from Mohonk                      In an expansion of its work to provide
Consultations, Inc. (The organization raises   access to the land to people with disabilities,
awareness of local and global ecological       the Preserve now offers free day passes to
systems through conferences at Mohonk          disabled veterans. The program is the
Mountain House.) Bob is being                  brainchild of Preserve Ranger and Vietnam
acknowledged for his decades of land           era veteran Steve Soodik, who came up with
stewardship of the Shawangunks and for         the idea while assisting a disabled Iraq war
researching and promoting the cultural         veteran at a trailhead. Veterans with proof
history of the ridge. His work greatly         of their status (as well as assistants traveling
contributes to our understanding of the        with them) are eligible and can receive a
land and the Preserve’s protection and         day pass at any trailhead.
management efforts.
                                               Fixing the Land
Preserve Collaborates with                          Work is underway to realign sections of
Pattern for Progress                           both the Millbrook Ridge and Stokes Trails
    Preserve Executive Director Glenn          and to repair sections of Overcliff Carriage
Hoagland has joined the Board of               Road. Also in 2008, a new toilet will be
Directors of Pattern for Progress, a non-      installed at the West Trapps Trailhead.
profit planning, advocacy, and research        These improvements will enhance visitor
organization dedicated to preserving and       enjoyment at the Preserve. For your safety,
enhancing quality of life for Hudson           please heed any posted trail reroutes or
Valley residents. As early as 1967, the        warnings around construction sites.
Preserve held a collaborative forum with
Pattern to foster dialogue on environ-         Ensuring Safe Climbs
mental education, land stewardship, and             Every year, cliffs in the Gunks get a little
outdoor recreation in the Hudson Valley.       creaky as winter weather causes substantial
In 2001, the Preserve received Pattern’s       freezing and thawing. As a result, most
Regional Quality of Life Award. Preserve       substantial rock fall occurs in the spring. So
Board members are also active in Pattern:      even though you’re eager to get out again
Steve Poskanzer is on Pattern’s Board and      after the long winter, don’t forget to
Tom Murphy is a Fellow with its                adequately test holds and inspect
Regional Leadership training program.          placements for expansion potential.
                                                    To keep your “best friend” safe, leave
Learning with Landowners                       dogs at home when you multi-pitch climb.
     In November 2007, the Mohonk              Mohonk Preserve regulations and local laws
Preserve helped organize “Preservation         require that dogs are leashed and under the
Options for your Land,” a conference for       owner’s control at all times. Do not leave
landowners and officials across Ulster         dogs tied up or running around while you
County. More than 150 people attended          are climbing—animal control officers
the sold-out event, which focused on the       might take them to the local shelter. Your
importance of working farms and forests,       pooch is welcome to come along for a walk,
conservation easements, federal and state      a run, or during top roping when a belayer
tax incentives for conservation, municipal     can stay with him.
efforts to protect open space, and the
experiences of landowners with protected       Member Parking at MMH
properties. Drawing on the popularity of            This spring, the Mohonk Mountain
the conference, the Preserve and its           House will increase the per person parking
partners are planning a second conference      fee for Preserve Members at the Gatehouse
for 2008, so Save the Date: November 8.        to $4.
10 / Ridgelines

                                      In Appreciation
                  of Gifts Received November 1, 2007 through February 29, 2008
                             (If you don’t see your name, please look in a previous or future newsletter.)

In Memory Of                                   Lisa Dunham                                         Kevin Luing
Bruce Cowen from Joy & Sam Grafton             Preston & Shari Forsythe                            Trisha Luing
Sean Davis from                                Gardiner Democratic Committee                       Ann MacDougall
   Ronald & Margie Simon                       Donald R. Getzin                                    Patricia Matteson
John E. Decker from Paul Wing                  Sondra Graff & Pauline Eng                          Elaine Musselman
Lou Gross from                                 Robert Hall & Sheila Matz                           Peter Nimmer
   Barry, Maggy & Jake Turner                  Michael & Linda Mahar                               Thomas C. Phelan
Virginia Hageman from                          Margaret McDowell                                   Kenneth Posner
   Hageman Family Foundation                   Arlene Foy Reynolds                                 Joe Vargyas
Helmut Horn from                               Rock and Snow, Inc.                                 Judith Vargyas
   Inez T. Arthur                              Richard & Marion Ryan                               Lillian Vargyas
   John & Elizabeth Carson                     David & Barbara Sides                               Hugh N. Zimmerman
   Erwine & Herbert Haering                    Pril Smiley & Keith LaBudde                       Sentinel
   Paul Haering                                David Ward & Mary Ann Loschi                        David & Jerilyn Brownstein
   Rudolf & Ursula Liedtke                     Richard C. Williams                                 Arnold Saks
   Ursula Schaedle                             Barbara Wilson                                    Sustaining
   Bernard & Barbara Shafarzek              Harold Van Leuven from                                 Vincent & Darlene Hallisay
   Louis R. Thonges                            Robi Josephson                                      Marcia J. Krom
Mary Ann & Helmut Horn from                    Bob Larsen                                          Frances McGuire & Kenneth Holden
   Mr. & Mrs. Francis Bestenheider          Fritz Wiessner from                                    Lydia Newcombe
   Sandra Smiley                               Rock and Snow, Inc.                                 Anthony Wright
   Nikolaus & Lucille Steiger               Kimberly Yess from Teri Condon                       Supporting
Hans Kraus from Rock and Snow, Inc.                                                                Jonathan Allen &
Patricia Tracy Lowe from                    In Honor Of                                               Shelley Farmer Allen
   Hudson River Playback Theatre                                                                   Robert & Patricia Anderson
                                            Robert & Priscilla Dannies from                        Christina Bark
Sol Pottish from                               Henry Hope
   John Senior & Nancy Kimmons                                                                     James & Charlene Booth
                                            Linda Gluck from Edward Sikov                          Daniel & Jenna Brownstein
Thomas Russler from Anonymous               Rich Gottlieb from
   Susan Bruckman                                                                                  Russell & Diane Cannizzaro
                                               Meme Hanley & Craig Borin                           Herb Chong
   Keith Danish                             Barbara Hallam from Floyd Lattin
   Greene-Levin-Snyder LLC                                                                         Michael Dorf & Sarah Connors
                                            Ruthie Hauptman from James Roever                      Barbara Evans & Andrew Otis
   David E. Morse                           Floyd Lattin from
   Margaret & Brooke Pringle                                                                       Marion Fromm
                                               Jeffrey Larris & Mindy Duitz                        Claudia Ganz & Brian Buchbinder
   William & Sanna Purcell                  W. Peter Metz & Louise R. Sydnor
   Charles & Jo Ann Queenan                                                                        Pete Hayunga
                                               from Thomas & Carol Phelan                          Terry & Alice Laughlin
   Stacey Strittmatter                      Bruce & Jody Morrow from
   R. Timothy & Mary Weston                                                                        William & Mary Murphy
                                               Judy Kaye Green                                     Michael & Gabriel Schleifer
Gretchen (Alice) Salt from                  Claire Elizabeth Mundy from
   Joseph & Marian Storch                                                                          Harry Sunshine &
                                               John & Elizabeth Carson                                Susan Schwimmer
Thomas W. Scheuer from                      Rachael Shaw from Henry Hope
   Rock and Snow, Inc.                                                                             Harry Tabak & Nava Atlas
                                            Shawangunk Conglomerate from                           James & Melissa Thompson
Richard Shaw from Henry Hope                   Diane & Michael Magnani
Ladislav Skalda from                                                                               Franklin Walton & Callie Herzog
   Rock and Snow, Inc.
Bill Thomas from Anonymous                  Premium Members                                      Business Members
Henry “Hank” Trancynger from                Life Members                                             Kellar Kellar & Jaiven
   Anonymous                                   Richard Cohen                                         Mountain Tops Outdoors
   Henry Alexander & Lyn Howard                Susan Fox Rogers                                      Pine Bush House B&B
   Douglas Allcock                             John D. Heppolette                                    Prime Environmental
   William & Yvonne Allenson                   Sam Hofferbert                                        Ulster Savings Bank
   Jorge Cartamil                              Jules Kaufman
   Janice Dunham                               May T. Knapp

      Save the Date: June 21, 2008
      We are searching the globe to find new
 and exciting items for you to bid on! From
 adventurous and luxurious travel packages to
 original artwork, to treats for you, your
 home and garden—this is your chance to
 bid and win—and all for the benefit of the                                                                       photo by Kathleen Bell

 Mohonk Preserve. Mark your calendar for                                               Adventure to Patagonia!
 June 21, 2008, dine alfresco while the sun                                   “It was the most exciting vacation we ever took,”
 sets at Spring Farm, and be a part of the                                    says Norman Goluskin who last year, along with
                                                                              David Goluskin and Susan Scher, bid generously
 Preserve’s anything-but-ordinary auction.                                    on the Futaleufu River Trip, donated by Earth River
      Call 845-255-0919 ext. 241 to reserve                                   Expeditions. They are pictured here after
                                                                              completing an exhilarating run down the river.
 your seats today!
                                                                                   Spring/Summer 2008 / 11

    Trapps Under
    Put Your Donor Dollars
    to Work

“Via the carriage roads, hikers,
bikers, and climbers are able to
reach their favorite destinations ....”
     More than 130 years ago, the Smiley
family made a decision that would shape the
Preserve forever: to provide visitors with
comfortable access to the land via an
extensive network of carriage roads. Today,
most of the visitors who come to the                    Undercliff Carriage Road            photo by John Hayes
Preserve use these same roads, which make
it possible for virtually anyone (including             and encircle the Trapps, a renowned rock
children and people with disabilities) to enjoy,        climbing area and the entry point for
explore, and be rejuvenated by nature. Via              approximately 75 percent of the Preserve’s
the carriage roads, hikers, bikers, and                 annual visitors.
climbers are able to reach their favorite                    After decades of heavy use and the
destinations—be it a scenic overlook, deep              wear and tear of weather, these roads are in
forest, bubbling stream, or challenging cliff.          dire need of help. A successful Campaign for
     To the naked eye, the carriage roads               the Trapps will make it possible to resurface,
show little visible signs of aging, thanks to           stabilize, and improve drainage systems. We
the hard work of the Preserve staff and                 will also enhance visitor services through
volunteers to shore up supports and fix                 “speed pass” entry for members on
uneven areas. But as with all things, age takes         weekends; a new solar-assisted “green”
a toll and significant repairs are needed.              toilet; parking lot improvements; and
     That time has now come for the                     expanded interpretive, ranger, and first aid
Preserve’s carriage roads, which is why we’ve           and rescue services.
launched the next phase of our multi-year                    With your help, we can continue to
effort to restore the carriage roads, Campaign          protect the tremendous recreational and
for the Trapps. The $168,000 we hope to raise           historic value of Undercliff and Overcliff,
will allow us to carry out critical maintenance         and ensure that visitors can continue to be
of nearly five miles of Undercliff and                  part of the natural landscapes so many of us
Overcliff, located in the most heavily visited          know and love.
area of the Preserve. The roads are one of                   Support this project today! Go to
our most popular hiking and biking routes     

                                        Giving Options
      When making a charitable gift, it pays to consider donating securities with long-term appreciation.
 Since the securities are donated rather than sold, capital gains taxes which would have been triggered
 by their sale (rather than donation) are avoided. This often makes it possible to make a larger gift to
 the Preserve than you would have been able to make with cash.
      The Preserve accepts donations of securities electronically and in certificate form. If you have old
 stock certificates, sometimes donating them to charity is the best option, rather than leaving them for an
 heir or trying to sell them on your own.
      If you are interested in learning more about non-cash gifts, please contact Meme Hanley, Director
 of Development, at 845-255-0919 ext. 240.
      As always, before making any gift you should contact your attorney or tax professional.
                                                                      Non-Profit Organization
 Mohonk Preserve

                                                                         Newburgh, NY
                                                                         Permit No. 415
 … saving the land for life

                                                                          U. S. Postage
 The mission of the Mohonk Preserve is to protect the
 Shawangunk Mountains by inspiring people to care for,
 enjoy, and explore the natural world. As a leader in
 protecting the Shawangunks, the Mohonk Preserve sets the
 standard for mountain stewardship. Using science to guide
 land management, the Preserve teaches others to conserve
 an ecosystem designated by The Nature Conservancy as
 one of the “Earth’s Last Great Places.”

             A Good Place
                    for Bears

                                         illustration by Jack Fagan

     Having black bears in the Shawangunks is a sign of
ecological health. After centuries of intensive logging and
agriculture ended, forests across the Northeast have
grown back and many native animals have returned.
There are an estimated 6,000-7,000 bears across New
York State. They travel distances up to 50-100 miles in
search of food and mates, and may even migrate from
and to adjoining states like New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
     Average adult bears need 8,000-10,000 calories a
day, up to 20,000 as they prepare for winter. To get
enough food, they eat berries, nuts, plants, insects, and
small rodents, but will also seize opportunities to get
“easy calories” like birdseed, pet and livestock food,
garbage, and dirty barbeque grills. This behavior is
unnatural and unhealthy for bears and often disturbing
for people and communities. Simple actions—such as
putting out birdfeeders only in the winter and securing
garbage—can help keep bears healthy and safe. For more
information, read our recent article “Keeping Bears
Wild” at the “Preserve in the News” section at

 We want to hear from you…
                                                                                         845-255-0919 • fax: 845-255-5646

       What do you like about Ridgelines? What kind of
 information do you want from the Preserve? Do you
                                                                                         New Paltz, NY 12561-0715

 like reading online or in print? Because your opinion
                                                                      M OHONK PRESERVE

                                                                                                                            Address Service Requested

 on these and other questions help guide our
 communications work, we’ll be conducting a reader
 survey this spring. We’ll be contacting many Preserve
 members by email and regular mail. If you don’t hear
 from us by May 15 and would like to participate,
                                                                                         P. O. Box 715

 please call Nadia at 255-0919 ext. 243, or email Thanks!

                  Editor: Nadia Steinzor
               Design/Layout: Patty Murphy

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