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Unit 010 Drivers health Rationale This unit identifies issues

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					Unit 010        Drivers’ health

This unit identifies issues that relate to drivers’ health and well-being.

There are four learning outcomes to this unit. The candidate will be able to:

1.      Recognise issues relating to drivers’ health
2.      Identify relevant issues associated with alcohol and drugs
3.      Recognise issues related to sleep related vehicle accidents (SRVAs)
4.      Understand driver related stress


Written Tests
The underpinning knowledge requirements are listed for each outcome. These will be
assessed by a multiple choice test delivered through the GOLA system, produced in
accordance with the test specification.
Outcome 1 Recognise issues relating to drivers’ health

Underpinning Knowledge

The candidate will be able to

1       Recognise reasons affecting drivers’ diets.
          a.     parking availability
          b.      outlet availability
          c.      available healthy options
          d.      cost
2        Identify the five main reasons for licence refusal or revocation.

          a.      visual problems
          b.      Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
          c.      Angina-
          d.      Alcohol misuse
          e.      Epilepsy

    3      Identify that early retirement attributed to bad dietary habits is prevalent amongst
           LGV drivers

          a.      long periods of eating the wrong diet
          b.      large intake of fatty foods and the long term damage caused
          c.      obesity and heart attack issues
          d.      Diabetes and increased sugar intake

    4      Recognise the importance of everyday behaviour

          a.      diet
          b.      Smoking
          c.      exercise
          d.      alcohol and drinking
          e.      relaxation

    5      Identify the causes of deep vein thrombosis.

          a.      driving is sedentary
          b.      cholesterol build up in artery junctions
6    Select how to avoid deep vein thrombosis

     a.     include regular walks on breaks
     b.     wriggling toes in the cab
     c.     drink two litres of water a day
     d.     low fat diet

7    Identify issues relating to the problem of high blood pressure

     a.     excessive salt intake
     b.     excessive alcohol
     c.     stress
     d.     smoking
     e.     diet

8    Recognise the recommended water intake per day and its benefits

     a.     2 litres daily
     b.     helps maintain concentration
     c.     aids fatigue
     d.     assist in weight loss

9    Identify factors that lead to long term back damage and other musculoskeletal

     a.     seating position
     b.     posture
     c.     excessive weights being lifted
     d.     ergonomic design of the cab
     e.     failure to exercise between driving and loading

10   Recognise the body and its patterns and recognise any major changes

     a.     difference in bowel movements
     b.     the effects of culture shock

11   Recognise the importance of a sound a regular sleep pattern.

     a.     Irregular shift patterns
          b.     Short daily rest breaks

     12   Identify the benefits of quitting smoking

          a.     reduce risk of lung cancer
          b.     reduce risk of heart attack and heart disease
          c.     reduce risk of bronchial and other lung related illnesses
          d.     feeling fitter and better general well being
          e.     large proportion of licence revocations due to ill health caused by smoking

13        Recognise why Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD’s), are a problem

          a.     single drivers adapting time off as part of their social life
          b.     disruption of normal family life
          c.     peer pressure
          d.     excessive alcohol consumption
          e      prevalence of prostitutes at truck stop
Outcome 2 Identify relevant issues associated with alcohol and drugs
Underpinning Knowledge

Candidates will be able to

   2.1    Identify that moderate alcohol consumption (one or two units per day) is now
          associated with a reduced risk of heart disease.

         a.      this is not a recommendation to maintain this daily input
         b.      identify the legal drink drive limit of 80mg alcohol per 100ml blood

   2.2    Recognise the importance of least two consecutive alcohol free days a week.

         a.      allow the body to clear out unwanted toxins
         b.      let the liver repair any light damage caused by excessive drinking

   2.3    Understand why alcoholism is a major factor amongst LGV drivers.

         a.      temptations of bars at most truck stops
         b.      undue built up stress levels during the day

   2.4    Recognise the problems transport industry faces in trying to tackle the issue

         a.      lack of information on the subject due to little research
         b.      lack of social networking from employers
         c.      genuine ignorance to the issues

   2.5    Recognise government recommendations for sensible drinking levels.

         a.      daily limit of four units of alcohol for men and three units for a woman
         b.      men should not drink more than 21 units a week and women no more than
                 14 units a week

   2.6    Recognise the dangers of legal as well as illegal drugs

         a.      drivers should inform doctors of their profession before prescription
         b.      patient Information Leaflets must be read thoroughly
         c.      recognise drivers can be convicted if there is evidence that their driving was
                 impaired by drugs, even if on prescription
Outcome 3 Recognise issues related to sleep related vehicle accidents

Underpinning Knowledge

The candidate will be able to

   3.1    Recognise why being overweight can even make drivers more prone to sleep
          related vehicle accidents (SRVAs)

         a.      sleep apnoea
         b.      Restricted mobility during long driving spells

   3.2    Identify methods of dealing with long journeys particularly on motorway routes with
          little to relieve the monotony.

         a.      planned breaks
         b.      sleeping well the previous night
         c.      recognise symptoms of fatigue
         d.      a comfortable driving position

   3.3    Recognise falling asleep at the wheel results in the loss of control to a vehicle

         a.      falling asleep and killing at the wheel an aggravated circumstance
         b.      20% of all fatalities on UK roads attributed to fatigued drivers

   3.4    Identify the legal stance on causing death by driving fatigued

         a.      was a mitigating circumstance now an aggravated circumstance
         b.      two years’ minimum prison term for causing death whilst fatigued
Outcome 4 Understand driver related stress

Underpinning Knowledge

The candidate will be able to

   4.1    Identify stress trigger factors for drivers

         a.      timed deliveries and road congestion
         b.      unreasonable demands
         c.      bad driving by other road users
         d.      road rage
         e.      fatigue

   4.2    Recognise the symptoms of stress and how to avoid them.

         a.      changing sleep patterns
         b.      social/sexual withdrawal
         c.      lack of appetite
         d,      avoid unrealistic deadlines
         e.      avoid the need to rush
         f.      avoid volatile or stressful situations

   4.3    Identify driving characteristics that display indications of stress.

         a.      constantly driving too close to the vehicle in front
         b.      a constant tensing up of the body
         c.      gripping the wheel tightly
         d.      protruding blood vessels

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Description: Unit 010 Drivers health Rationale This unit identifies issues