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Steyn, F., Foster, H., Hlophe, H., Van Rooyen, D., Botes, L.J.S. and Janse van Rensburg, H.C.J. 2005. Review of South
African Innovations in Diversion and Reintegration of at-risk youth. Newlands, Cape Town: Open Society Foundation for
South Africa: 296.

Chapters in books
Hoofstukke in boeke

Marais, L. From small town to tourism Mecca: the Clarens fairy tale. In Rogerson, C., Visser, G., (eds).Tourism and
Development in South Africa. Pretoria. Africa Institute.

Marais, J.G.L. 2005. Housing in former homeland areas of South Africa: Delivery, issues, and policy in the Free State
Province. In Transforming Housing Environments through Design, edited by A. de Villiers, O. Ural and A. Osman.
Pretoria, South Africa: International Association of Housing Science.

Venter, A. and Marais, J.G.L. 2005. Gender and gender sensitivity in the South African Housing Policy: Preliminary
evidence from Mangaung (Bloemfontein). In Transforming housing environments through design, edited by A. de
Villiers, O. Ural and A. Osman. Pretoria, South Africa: International Association for Housing Science.

Conference proceedings

Botes, L.J.S. 2005. Beyond@ivory.tower - from traditional university to engaged university. Paper presented at the United
Nations Conference on Engaging Communities, Brisbane, Australia.

Hoogendoorn, G. 2005. Critical perspectives on the (re)development of Westdene, Bloemfontein. Paper presented at the
Society of South African Geographers. Sixth Biennial Conference, Cape Town, South Africa.

Marais, L. & Venter, A. Hating the compound but Mineworker housing needs in a post-apartheid South Africa. National
Housing Research Seminar. Pretoria, Maart 2004.

Marais, L. Doing research in partnership: Housing research at the CDS. National Housing Research Seminar. Pretoria,
Maart 2004

Marais, J.G.L. 2005. In the shade of globalisation: post-apartheid industrial development in former homeland areas of the
Free State. Paper presented at the Society of South African Geographers. Sixth Biennial Conference, Cape Town, South

Research articles in accredited research journals
Navorsingsartikels in geakkrediteerde navorsingstydskrifte

Botes, L. Institutional capacity for local economic development (LED). Journal of Public Administration. 2004: (39): 24-35.

Botes, L.J.S. and Marais, J.G.L. 2005. Putting the cart behind the horses: Some ideas on research partnerships an
dcommunity service. Acta Academica, Not available: Not available.

Botes, L.J.S., Pelser, A.J., Venter, A. and Marais, J.G.L. 2005. Non-payment of mortgage bonds in South Africa: The
voice of defaulters. Acta Structilia: Journal for the Physical and Development Science/Tydskryf vir die Fiesiese en
Ontwikkelingwetenskappe, 12(2): 1-24.

Hartwig, R. and Marais, J.G.L. 2005. Farm-worker housing in South Africa: An evaluation of an off-farm project. Housing
Studies, 20 (6): 931-948
Marais, J.G.L., Pelser, A.J., Botes, L.J.S., Redelinghuys, N. and Benseler, A. 2005. Public finances and service delivery
and mine closure in a small town: From stepping stone to stumbling block. Town and Regional Planning/Stads- en
treekbeplanning/Meralo ya Ditoropo le Mabatowa, Not available: Not available.

Marais, J.G.L., Nel, E.L. and Rogerson, C.M. 2005. Manufacturing in former homeland areas of the Free State: from de-
industrialisation,  to     re-industrialisation to   de-industrialisation.  Africa   insight,   35     (4):     39-44.

Marais, J.G.L. 2005. Housing standards and housing rights: the case of Welkom in the Free State Province. Urban forum,
16(1): 17-34.

Van Staden, J. and Marais, J.G.L. 2005. The tourism potential of Beaufort West: A study based on visitor demand.
Development Southern Africa, 22 (2): 233-250.

 Vanneste, D., Marais, L., & Krige, S.      Spatial transformation in post-apartheid South Africa: An educational website of
international collaboration. Africa Insight. 2004: 34 (2/3): 82-89.

Research articles published in other journals
Navorsingsartikels in ander tydskrifte

Published research reports
Gepubliseerde navorsingsverslae

Atkinson, D. and Marais, J.G.L. 2005. Making markets work for the poor (MMW4P). Report commissioned by the Centre
for Development and Enterprise. : 113.

Botes, L.J.S., Pelser, A.J., More, S. & Grieshaber, D. A Profile of perceptions and behaviour of youth in the Free State.
Free State Youth Commission. Bloemfontein. February 2004.

Botes, L.J.S. and Van Rooyen, D. 2005. Equity comparisons to benchmark the University of the Free State. Report
commissioned by the Executive Management, UFS. : 49.

Botes, L.J.S., Marais, J.G.L. and Hoogendoorn, G. 2005. An evaluation of the Integrated Development Plans and Local
Economic plans in the Free State against the Rural Economic and Enterprise Development (REED) Framework. Report
commissioned by the Natural Resource Institute (UK). : 20.

Buscher, B. and Atkinson, D. 2005. Emergent farmers, local knowledge and the implication for land reform: A profile of
commonage users in Phillipolis, Free State. Report commissioned by the Phillipolis Commanage. : 60.

Grieshaber, D. and More, S. Youth Profile of the Free State 1996 & 2001. Centre for Development Support and Free
State Youth Commission. Bloemfontein. June 2004.

Hoogendoorn, G., Lenka, M.P., Van Rooyen, D., Marais, J.G.L., Venter, A. and Visser, G.E. 2005. CBD Economic
Development: Status Quo Report. Report commissioned by the Mangaung Local Municipality. : 60.

Marais, L., Mentz, R. and Gagiano, P. Project Cycle Management in LED. Financial Management in LED. Tools and
approaches in LED. Strategic planning for LED. Local Government and Water Seta.Bloemfontein. Maart 2004.

Marais, J.G.L. 2005. Community flagship projects at the UFS: A status quo report. Report commissioned by the
Directorate Community Service, University of the Free State. : 20.

Pelser, A.J. and Botes, L.J.S. 2005. Comparative socio-economic trends and indicators for selected regions in South
Africa. Report commissioned by the SAB Miller. : 30.

Pelser, A.J. and Botes, L.J.S. 2005. The Impact of Playing for Peace's Bridging Divides Programme: An Assessment.
Report commissioned by the Playing for Peace (Washington Based). : 50.
Van Rooyen, D. 2005. Review of International Literature on Community-based Worker (CBW) systems. Report
commissioned by the Khanya - AICDD. : 64.

Unpublished research reports
Ongepubliseerde navorsingsverslae

Benseler, A., Botes, L., Marais, L., Pelser, A., and Redelinghuys, N. Social impact assessment for De Beers
(Koffiefontein Mine). Centre for Development Support for De Beers Mining Company. Bloemfontein. July 2004.

Ingle, M., Lenka, M., and Marais, L. Towards and environmental education programme for the Mangaung Local
Municipality. Mangaung Local Municipality. Bloemfontein. July 2004.

Nel, E., Rogerson, C., Marais, L., and Wessels, J. Manufacturing industry study for the Free State. Current trends, spatial
and sectoral considerations and future prospects. Premier’s Economic Advisory Council in the Free State. Bloemfontein.
June 2004.

Nel, E., Marais, L., and Gibb, M. The international literature on growth coalitions as they pertain especially to Welkom and
Bloemfontein. Centre for Development and Enterprise. Bloemfontein. May 2004.

Pelser, A.J., Botes, L.J.S. and Grieshaber, D. Aspects pertaining to the implementation of a customer loyalty rewards
programme for Eskom: Survey findings. Centre for Development Support for Eskom Technology Services International.
November 2004.

Pelser, A.J., and Botes, L.J.S. A profile of Eskom clients in the North East region to inform the implementation of a
customer reward programme: findings of a baseline survey. Centre for Development Support for Eskom Technology
Services International. March 2004.

Die volgende verslag is versoek en geborg deur die Premier’s Economic Advisory Council waarin die CDS ‘n
fasiliteringsrol gespeel het.

G Reichardt, M. Proposals for the utilization of redundant mine infrastructure for the benefit of local communities.
Premier’s Economic Advisory Council of the Free State. Goldfields. 19 March 2004.

Category / Kategorie 10
Highlights from research findings
Glanspunte in navorsingsbevindinge
In this short overview of key research outputs of the Centre for Development Support (CDS) four key areas of research
are highlighted i.e. Municipal Cost Recovery, Social Impact Assessments, Municipal Cost Recovery, Youth and
Development and Local Economic Development.

Early 2002, Profs. Lucius Botes (Director of the CDS) and André Pelser (Senior Research Associate) were requested by
the national electricity supplier Eskom (Division: Technological Services International) to assist the latter in the
development and implementation of a customer loyalty reward programme with the ultimate aim to increase
consumers’ payment levels of electricity accounts. Eskom felt that their experience in this regard would add value to a
programme of this nature. After two years of further research and several national workshops involving various
stakeholders to clarify the technical aspects of the programme, the Eskom Wired to Win Rewards Programme was
launched early in 2004. This is a programme that rewards customers for paying their Eskom accounts, or for regularly
buying Eskom prepaid vouchers. Rewards take the form of cash prizes in lucky draws or by redeeming accumulated
points for household durables, etc. The pilot programme has only been implemented in Eskom’s North East Region,
comprising the Pretoria, Khanyamanzane, Witbank and Nelspruit areas. Depending on the success of the programme in
this region, it will be roll out on national level. Profs. Pelser and Botes will, amongst others, be responsible for monitoring
changes in customer behaviour and perceptions during the duration of the pilot programme. A baseline survey to establish
a customer profile as well as a survey where the pilot of registered and non-registered members have been interviewed
has already been completed.
During 2004, CDS conducted a comprehensive Social Impact Assessment (SIA) for De Beers Consolidated Mines in
Koffiefontein. This was pioneering research consultancy work and also the first of its kind in South Africa in the context of
the new mining charter. As part of their application for a mining right, De Beers Koffiefontein Mine was required by law to
prepare and submit an environmental management programme (EMP) that includes inter alia an assessment and
evaluation of the impact of the proposed mining operation. A multi-disciplinary research team conducted a SIA to inform
said EMP and more specifically to effect the compilation of a Social and Labour Plan as stipulated by the Mineral and
Petroleum Resources Development Act of 2002. The methodological approach for the SIA involved a wide range of
stakeholders and information gathering techniques during the various stages of scoping, impact identification and
assessment. The stakeholder participation process included public meetings, key-informant interviews, focus group
sessions, an extensive social survey and a one-day participatory workshop with strategic informants. Community
observation, site visits and scenario simulation were further employed to inform and validate the projection and
assessment of impacts.

A third research area is regarding youth issues in the Free State. The CDS, under the leadership of Dr Locner Marais,
negotiated a research contract of R3 million for three years. This is a true flagship research partnership since eight
different departments/units/centres from three different faculties are involved to pursue research regarding:
      a youth profile for the Free State province
      the integration of youth-related issues into government-related programmes and structures.
      successes and failures of HIV/AIDS and reproduction prevention/ care programmes
      enrolment figures at all the tertiary institution in different programmes on an annual basis and their success in
         finding employment
      the appropriateness of education and training of school leavers and individuals that complete tertiary education
      reasons for the failure and success of youth businesses
      the effectiveness and capacity needs of youth NGOs and develop guidelines to improve their functioning
      the reasons for youth crime
      youth rehabilitation programmes and placement programmes

A last research area regarding Local Economic Development (LED) generated quite a body of knowledge. One
published academic article and one book chapter as well as one published report and two unpublished reports appeared in
this regard. Most of the research regarding LED were commisioned work for the Premier’s Economic Advisory Council of
the Free State.

Kontakbesonderhede/Contact detail:
Naam/Name: Prof Lucius Botes
Telefoonnommer/Telephone number: 051-4012423

Naam/Name: Dr Lochner Marais
Telefoonnommer/Telephone number: 051-4012978

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