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Cells_ Genetics_ Heredity and DNA Study Guide

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					Cells, Genetics, Heredity and DNA Study Guide
            (Please make use of my webpage.)

Vocabulary Terms to Know:
(You may be asked to draw pictures of some of these terms)
   Eukaryotic Cell                     Chromatin
   Prokaryotic Cell                    Chromosome
   Nucleus                             Cell Cycle
   DNA                                 Mitosis
   Chromatid                           Cytokinesis
   Centromere                          Genome
   Spindle Fibers                      Cloning
   Double Helix                        Heterozygous
   Genetic Engineering                 Homozygous
   Allele                              Phenotype
   Dominant                            Recessive
   Ratio                               Percentage
   Replication                         Gene
   Mutation                            Selective Breeding
   Amino Acid                          Membrane
   RNA                                 Pedigree
   Interphase                          Genetic Code
   Heredity                            Genotype
   Punnett Square                      Probability
   Nuclear Envelope/ Nuclear Membrane

Main Ideas
        1. State and explain the Cell Theory.
        2. Explain why cell division is important.
        3. Explain how cell division is involved in the growth,
           development, and repair of an organism.
        4. Explain how DNA compacts before a eukaryotic cell divides.
        5. What are the three main parts of the cell cycle?
        6. Describe what happens to the cell during Interphase. Your
           answer should include DNA.
        7. Describe how the genetic material in two daughter cells is
           similar to the genetic material in a parent cell.
        8. Describe and be able to draw in order the steps that occur
           during the cell cycle.
        9. DNA is the information molecule.
       10. RNA is needed to make proteins.
       11. DNA sequences can change.
       12. Mutations can cause genetic disorders.
       13. Changes in DNA can change an organism.
        14. There are risks and benefits associated with genetic
      engineering.
        15. DNA technology has many applications.
        16. What are heterozygous and homozygous alleles? What is
      another name for them?
        17. Gregor Mendel made some important discoveries about
      heredity?
        18. Know how to draw and read Punnett Squares.
        19. Parents and offspring are similar.
        20. Genes are on chromosome pairs.
        21. Alleles interact to produce traits.
        22. Ratios and percentages can express the probability of
      outcomes.



Questions to Think About
        1. What is the difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic
           cells?
        2. What causes most of the growth in your body?
        3. What is the stage in a cell’s life when it is not in the process
           of dividing?
        4. What is the step called after Mitosis, in which the cytoplasm
           divides?
        5. What does the process of Cytokinesis result in?
        6. Why must a cell’s chromosomes duplicate before mitosis
           occurs?
        7. How is genetic material organized in a eukaryotic cell?
        8. Who are/were James Watson and Francis Crick and how did
           they impact science?
        9. Describe the shape of a DNA molecule and how nucleotide
           bases fit into that structure.
        10.        What is a mutation?
        11.        What are the four bases in a DNA molecule and which
           ones fit together?
        12.        What is a genetically modified organism?
        13.        What is the difference between selective breeding and
           genetic engineering?
        14.        What are genes made up of?
        15.        What is the genetic code?
        16.        What is a genome?
        17.        What happens during replication?
        18.        What does a pedigree show?
        19.        What information does a DNA molecule carry?
        20.         What determines your phenotype?
         21.       What the difference is between inherited traits and
            acquired traits?


                   Unit website compilation
 Below are the websites used in class. These are a great resource to help
 you study. You will find information and games dealing with the topics
                                  above.
Cells and Mitosis
   1. Mitosis Notes www.sciencespot.net/Media/mitosisnotes.pdf
   2. http://www.biology.arizona.edu/cell_bio/tutorials/cell_cycle/cells1.
      html
   3. www.biology.arizona.edu/cell_bio/tutorials/cell_cycle3.html
          a. mitosis animation
   4. http://www.biology.arizona.edu/cell_bio/tutorials/cell_cycle/proble
      ms.html
   5. http://highered.mcgraw-
      hill.com/sites/0073031216/student_view0/exercise13/mitosis_mo
      vie.html
   6. Visit Online simulations and visualizations
          a. http://www.cellsalive.com/cell_cycle.htm
          b. http://www.cellsalive.com/mitosis.htm
          c. http://www.stolaf.edu/people/giannini/flashanimat/celldivisi
             on/crome3.swf
          d. http://www.loci.wisc.edu/outreach/bioclips/CDBio.html
          e. http://www.biology.arizona.edu/Cell_bio/tutorials/cell_cycle/
             cells3.html
          f. http://nobelprize.org/educational_games/medicine/2001/cel
             lcycle.html
          g. http://www.johnkyrk.com/mitosis.html
          h. http://classzone.com/books/ml_science_comp/page_build.cf
             m?id=resour_ch2&mod=1##
          i. http://www.csuchico.edu/~jbell/Biol207/animations/mitosis.
             html
          j. http://www.sumanasinc.com/webcontent/anisamples/majors
             biology/mitosis.html
                 i. Simulations Stages of Cell Division
          k. http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/cells/mitosisjava/mitosisjava.ht
             ml
          l. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/baby/divi_flash.html
          m. http://nobelprize.org/educational_games/medicine/2001/in
             dex.html
DNA
      1. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/units/basics/builddna
      2. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/units/basics/tour
      3. http://www.pbs.org/ wgbh/ nova/ photo51/ jour-flash.html
      4. http://www.dnaftb.org/dnaftb/
      5. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/units/activities/extraction/
      6. http://www.dnaftb.org/dnaftb/15/concept/
      7. http://www.dnai.org/timeline/index.html
      8. http://www.genetics.gsk.com/kids/dna01.htm
      9. http://www.genetics.gsk.com/kids/genes01.htm
      10. http://www.eurekascience.com/index.htm
      11. http://gslc.genetics.utah.edu/units/disorders/mutations/
      12. http://www.pbs.org/now/classroom/genes.html
      13. http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/CONSUMER/geneng.html
      14. http://www.ncga.com/education/pdf/unit4lesson3.pdf
      15. http://nature.ca/genome/index_e.cfm


Heredity and Genetics
     1. http://library.thinkquest.org/03oct/00737/less3diag3.jpg
     2. http://www2.edc.org/weblabs/Mendel/mendel.html
     3. http://anthro.palomar.edu/mendel/mendel_2.htm
     4. http://library.thinkquest.org/TQ0312650/pshwe.htm
     5. http://www.genetics.gsk.com/kids/heredity01.htm
     6. http://biologica.concord.org/webtest1/web_labs.htm
     7. http://pbskids.org/dragonflytv/games/game_dogbreeding.html




On-line test review
      1. http://www.classzone.com

				
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