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					Immunization Campaign
        2010

Vitamin A supplementation
February 2010




                            1
Outline
   Introduction
   Key resources
   Handling of Vitamin A
   Administration of Vitamin A
   Tally Sheet
   Marking of fingers



                                  2
Introduction
   Vitamin A supplementation is one of the most cost-
    effective health interventions for reducing deaths among
    infants and young children.
   Target population is 12-59 months

   Routine coverage among this age group is still low at just
    above 30%.

   Vitamin A coverage rates of 80% have impact in
    reducing mortality.

   The target coverage for the campaign is 80%
                                                               3
Introduction
   It has been shown that vitamin A
    supplementation increases survival of under 5
    year olds by:
    - Reducing all cause mortality by 23%
    - Reducing measles mortality by 50%
    - Reducing deaths from diarrhoea by 33%




                                                    4
Key resources
   Vitamin A capsules
   Human resources
   Scissors
   Markers
   Protective clothing
   Waste bags or bins
   Disposable paper towels
   Transport
   Tally sheets


                              5
Handling of Vitamin A
   Vitamin A capsules
    - are kept in bottles
    - should not be refrigerated or frozen
    - Should be kept at room temperature
    - Should be kept or stored away from direct
        sunlight




                                                  6
Administration of Vitamin A
Steps to follow:
 As each child arrives, find out his/her age

  - Ask the caregiver or person bringing the child his/her
     age.
  - Observe the child. A child who is walking is likely to be
     at least 12 months old
 Make sure that you know what dose of vitamin A to
  give to the target age group: 12-59 months should get
  200 000 IU (orange/red)



                                                            7
Administration of Vitamin A
   Using scissors (not blades), cut open the vitamin A
    capsule
   Squeeze out the drops into the child’s mouth
    -   Do NOT ask children to swallow capsules
    -   Do NOT give capsules to caregivers to take
        home
   Discard all used vitamin A capsules in a plastic bag or
    container.
   Wipe your hands with disposable paper towels
   Put one mark on the correct tally sheet for each child
    given vitamin A.


                                                              8
Use the scissor to cut off the   Squeeze and empty the content
  narrow end of a capsule         of the capsule into the mouth
Administration of Vitamin A
   Put a mark on the child’s right index
    (pointing) finger using the specialized pens
    specifically developed for this purpose.
   Record on the road to health chart to show
    that the child has received vitamin A during
    the campaign
   Take home message: take your child to a
    clinic closest to you every six months for their
    dose of vitamin A.

                                                   11
Marking of fingers

               First round    Second round




          Left Hand                     Right Hand




                      Polio     Polio
                                                     Vitamin A
     Measles
                                         Deworming




                                                                 12
Thank You




            13

				
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posted:3/12/2010
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