ORAL SUBMUCOUS FIBROSIS - ARECA QUID WITH TOBACCO (AQ+T) INDUCED ORAL by qdw43728

VIEWS: 42 PAGES: 1

									ORAL SUBMUCOUS FIBROSIS - ARECA QUID WITH TOBACCO
(AQ+T) INDUCED ORAL DISEASE
Dr.Vinay K.Hazarey, Dean,


Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSF) is one of the more important oral precancerous conditions
with 400 times more risk of developing oral cancer in tobacco users. Most patients with
OSF are very young, in their twenties and early thirties. As recently we have noted many
such individuals in Nagpur, India, a study was conducted to ascertain the different habits
associated with OSF and the prevalence of oral cancer among these patients controlling
for tobacco chewing habits. A cross-sectional study at the Government Dental College &
Hospital, Nagpur, India, where a thousand cases consecutively diagnosed as OSF over a
period of 5 years (Jan. 2000 to Dec. 2004) comprised the study group. The period
prevalence for the year 2004 was 6.42 / 1000 / year (0.64%). The male to female ratio of
OSF was 4.9:1.Maximum prevalence (75.2%) of OSF was in 15 to 35 years of age groups.
Exclusive Areca nut chewing habit in females and Areca quid with tobacco habits (AQ+T)
such as Guthka, Kharra/ Mawa chewing habit in males were significantly more prevalent
(p<0.05). The Present study has shown a strong association of Areca nut with tobacco
chewing habits and oral submucous fibrosis as well as oral cancer, especially in a young
population. There is an urgent need of preventive strategies for areca quid and tobacco
chewers.

								
To top