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					Grand Avenue Elementary School
        SCHOOL ROUTE PLAN


                   For

    GRAND AVENUE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL




               LOCATION 21
             ORANGE COUNTY


               Prepared for:


ORANGE COUNTY SCHOOL ASSESSMENT PROGRAM
       ORANGE COUNTY PUBLIC WORKS
         Traffic Engineering Division
       4200 South John Young Parkway
           Orlando, Florida 32839

           Contract No.: Y4-903B

          HNTB No. 42268-PL-003




               Prepared by:




            Lake Mary, Florida

              Sept. 28, 2007



                      Professional Engineer: Michael DeBacker, P.E.
                                                    P.E. No. 64858
School Route Plan-Grand Avenue Elementary School

                                                 TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.............................................................................................................. 1
1. INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................... 2
2. EXISTING CONDITIONS.......................................................................................................... 4
3. QUALITATIVE ASSESSMENT................................................................................................. 6
3. QUALITATIVE ASSESSMENT................................................................................................. 7
4. RECOMMENDATIONS .......................................................................................................... 18

APPENDIX

                                       FIGURES, EXHIBITS, and TABLES
FIGURES
Figure 1 - Project Location Map ................................................................................................. 3
Figure 2 – School Boundary Map............................................................................................... 9
Figure 3 – School Route Plan Map........................................................................................... 10
Figure 4 – Condition Diagram: Lee Avenue at Grand Street ................................................... 12
Figure 5 – Condition Diagram: Parramore Avenue at Grand Street........................................ 13
Figure 6 - Conceptual Improvement Diagram: Lee Avenue at Grand Street .......................... 19
Figure 7 - Conceptual Improvement Diagram: Parramore Avenue at Grand Street ............... 20


EXHIBITS
Exhibit 1-Lee Avenue at Grand Street ..................................................................................... 14
Exhibit 2- Lee Avenue at Grand Street.................................................................................... 15
Exhibit 3- Parramore Avenue at Grand Street ........................................................................ 16
Exhibit 4- Parramore Avenue at Grand Street........................................................................ 17


TABLES
Table 1-Field Inventory .............................................................................................................. 4
Table 2-Summary of Vehicular Volumes................................................................................... 5
Table 3-Summary of Pedestrian & Bicycle Volumes ................................................................. 6
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School                                          1

                                EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
HNTB Corporation was retained by Orange County Public Works to conduct a School Route
Plan Study for Grand Avenue Elementary School located at 800 W. Grand Street, Orange
County, Florida. This study is being performed as a part of the County’s School Assessment
Program to identify safe routes for children to walk and bicycle to school. Based on the
results of the analysis, field observations and engineering judgment, the following
recommendations and conclusions were developed:

1. There is not dedicated bus or vehicle circulation areas for student drop off/pick up. The
   city streets (Lee Avenue and Grand Street) surrounding the school are used for these
   purposes and creates an unsafe condition during the drop off/pick up times. It is
   recommended that a new bus and vehicle drop off/pick up circulation loop be constructed
   using the school drive and parking lot on the east side of the school.

2. Until a dedicated vehicle drop off/pick up area can be constructed, continued use the
   northbound lane of Lee Avenue, between Indiana and Grand Streets, for vehicle drop
   off/pick up is necessary. However, the following changes are recommended to the
   current operations:
          o Discontinue using “angled” parking for student drop off/pick up on Lee Avenue.
          o Use the safety cones (used currently for defining angled parking spaces) to
             create a 10-foot lane on the eastern edge of Lee Avenue from approximately 50
             feet south of Grand Street to Indiana Street.
          o Allow vehicles to queue in this lane for drop off/pick up defined by the cones.
          o Continue to use the security guard to assist with setup of cones and traffic
             control.
          o Continue using multiple school staff for traffic control and coordination of
             students from/to vehicles.
          o Send a notification flyer to students/parents regarding the change in vehicle
             drop off/pick up circulation.

3. On Lee Avenue, north and south of the school, a School Speed Limit Assembly “20 mph
   when flashing” (S4-3, R2-1, S4-4) with Flashing Beacon should be installed. Additionally,
   END SCHOOL ZONE (S5-2) signs should be installed on the south and north sides of the
   school.

4. On southbound Parramore Avenue the “SCHOOL” pavement markings should be re-
   striped.

5. At Parramore Avenue and Grand Street the crosswalk should be re-striped on all four
   sides.

6. At Grand Street and Lee Avenue the two existing crosswalk pavement markings should
   be re-striped. Two additional crosswalks should be striped on the north and west sides of
   the intersection.
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School                                           2

                                    1. INTRODUCTION
HNTB Corporation was retained by Orange County Public Works to conduct a School Route
Plan Study for Grand Avenue Elementary School located at 800 W. Grand Street, Orange
County, Florida. The purpose of this study is to identify safe routes for children to walk and
bicycle to school. The analysis methods used in conducting this study are consistent with
those set forth in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD 2003), the Manual
on Uniform Traffic Studies (MUTS) and Orange County guidelines and procedures.

Figure 1 shows the location of the school on a project location map.
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School             3

                            Figure 1 - Project Location Map
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School                                                       4

                                   2. EXISTING CONDITIONS
Grand Avenue Elementary School is located on the south side of Grand Street between
Parramore Avenue and Lee Avenue. Significant features for the study location are
summarized in Table 1 below:

                                      Table 1-Field Inventory

Feature                                                        Description
School Name                         Grand Avenue Elementary School
Address                             800 W. Grand Street
                                    Orlando, FL 32805
                                    407-245-1750
School Hours                        8:00 AM- 2:15 PM (1:15 PM Wednesday)
Student Enrollment                  237
Primary Roadway Access              Grand Street
                                    • Two-lane city street (24’ width)
                                    • Posted speed limit: 25 mph
                                    • Sidewalks: Both sides of roadway
                                    • Conventional lighting on north side of road
                                    • No bike lanes

                                    Lee Avenue
                                    • Two-lane city street (33’ width at school)
                                    • Posted speed limit: 25 mph
                                    • Sidewalks: Both sides of roadway
                                    • Conventional lighting on east side of road
Pedestrian and Bicycle Access to    Sidewalk on both sides of Grand Street, Lee Avenue and Parramore
School                              Avenue. No bike lanes.
Carpool Access to School            No dedicated area for drop off/pick up. Vehicles use Lee Avenue
                                    (east side) between Indiana Street and Grand Street for drop off/pick
                                    up.
Bus Access                          There are no dedicated bus loop roadways, however, there are various
                                    bus drop off/pick up locations around the school that service Grand
                                    Avenue Elementary and other nearby schools.           Grand Avenue
                                    Elementary serves as a bus stop distribution location for other
                                    schools.
Guarded School Crossings            Grand Street & Lee Avenue
                                    • 4-way stop controlled
                                    • School crossing warning signs on all approaches
                                    • Crossing guard provided on east approach during school times
                                    Grand Street & Parramore Avenue
                                    • 4-way stop controlled
                                    • School crossing warning signs on all approaches
                                    • Crossing guard provided on west approach during school times
                                    Grand Street & Westmoreland Drive
                                    • 4-way stop controlled
                                    • School crossing warning signs on all approaches
                                    • Crossing guard provided on south approach during school times
Other Facilities                    Sidewalks are provided on both sides along most roadways in adjacent
                                    neighborhoods within the walk zone.
Reduced Speed School Zones          School speed limit signs and flashers with time placard located on
                                    Parramore Avenue, north and south of the intersection with Grand
                                    Street.
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School                                                                                   5

Vehicular, Pedestrian, and Bicycle Volumes

Two-hour turning movement counts were conducted at the intersections of Lee Avenue with
Grand Street and Parramore Avenue with Grand Street. The counts were conducted from
7:30 to 8:30 AM and 1:45 to 2:45 PM to coincide with the morning arrival time and afternoon
departure time of students at the school. Pedestrian, bicycle, automobile and bus traffic
were recorded separately for this count. Tables 2 and 3 summarize the results of these
counts:


                                        Table 2-Summary of Vehicular Volumes

                                                    Lee Avenue at Grand Street
     Approaches                                   Lee Avenue                                       Grand Street

      Direction                   Northbound                   Southbound              Eastbound                  Westbound
      Movement             L       T       R      TOT     L       T    R    TOT   L     T    R     TOT     L       T    R     TOT
        Morning Arrival:   730     to    830
       Vehicles            4       11      2       17    12       27   21   60    13   12    6      31     1      15    18    34
        Busses             1       0       1        2     2       1    3     6    0     0    0       0     0       2    0      2
        Total              5       11      3       19    14       28   24   66    13   12    6      31     1      17    18    36
   Afternoon Departure:    1345    to    1445
       Vehicles            2       11      6       19    13       27   13   53    11   32    8      51     10     27    11    48
        Busses             0       0       0        0     1       1    0     2    0     1    0       1     0       0    2      2
        Total              2       11      6       19    14       28   13   55    11   33    8      52     10     27    13    50




                                                 Parramore Avenue at Grand Street
     Approaches                                Parramore Avenue                                    Grand Street

      Direction                   Northbound                   Southbound              Eastbound                  Westbound
      Movement             L       T       R      TOT     L       T    R    TOT   L     T    R     TOT     L       T    R     TOT
        Morning Arrival:   730     to    830
       Vehicles            14      76      1       91     1       72   40   113   37    0    11     48     2       1    4      7
        Busses             0       1       0        1     0       3    0     3    3     0    4       7     0       0    0      0
        Total              14      77      1       92     1       75   40   116   40    0    15     55     2       1    4      7
   Afternoon Departure:    1345    to    1445
       Vehicles            11     104      4       119    1    103     38   142   31    5    10     46     2       3    6      11
        Busses             0       2       0        2     0       0    1     1    0     0    0       0     0       0    0      0
        Total              11     106      4       121    1    103     39   143   31    5    10     46     2       3    6      11
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School                                                                                                      6

                              Table 3-Summary of Pedestrian & Bicycle Volumes
                                        Lee Avenue at Grand Street
                                               Total 7:30 7:45 8:00   8:15 Total 1:45        2:00   2:15   2:30
                                               AM                              PM
                                                2    2     0    0      0        6        0    0      4      2     Total
                                                                               AM                                 PM
                                                     0     0    0      0        0        2    0      2      0      4
                                                                            Lee Avenue
                          AM                                                                                                                      AM
                  Total    3                                                                                                              Total    0
          7:30      6     2                                                                                                       7:30      0     0

          7:45      1     0                                                                                                       7:45      0     0

          8:00      0     0                                                                                                       8:00      0     0

          8:15      1      1                                                                                                      8:15      0     0
                                Grand Street




                                                                                                                   Grand Street
                   AM     PM                                                                                                               AM     PM
          Total     8     16                                                                                                      Total     0      4
          1:45      0     1                                                                                                       1:45      0     1

          2:00      0     5                                                                                                       2:00      2     2

          2:15      0     7                                                                                                       2:15      0     0

          2:30      5     3                                                                                                       2:30      0     1
                   PM                                                                                                                      PM
          Total     5                                                                                                             Total     2
                                                                            Lee Avenue

                                               Total 7:30 7:45 8:00   8:15 Total 1:45        2:00   2:15   2:30
                                                AM                             PM
                                                 14    2    7    2     3       14        2    4      4      4     Total
                                                                               AM                                 PM
                                                     3     4    2       1      10        3    2      6      1     12


                                                 Parramore Avenue at Grand Street

                                               Total 7:30 7:45 8:00   8:15 Total 1:45        2:00   2:15   2:30
                                               AM                              PM
                                                6    2     4    0      0        2        0    0      0      2     Total
                                                                               AM                                 PM
                                                     0     0    0      0        0        0    0      0      2      2
                                                                      Parramore Avenue
                          AM                                                                                                                      AM
                  Total    8                                                                                                              Total    6
          7:30      6     0                                                                                                       7:30      2     2

          7:45      5     2                                                                                                       7:45      3     1

          8:00      2     3                                                                                                       8:00      2     2

          8:15      2      3                                                                                                      8:15      1     1
                                Grand Street




                                                                                                                   Grand Street




                   AM     PM                                                                                                               AM     PM
          Total    15      8                                                                                                      Total     8      8
          1:45      0     3                                                                                                       1:45      0     0

          2:00      5     1                                                                                                       2:00      2     3

          2:15      0     1                                                                                                       2:15      1     3

          2:30      4     3                                                                                                       2:30      0     2
                   PM                                                                                                                      PM
          Total     9                                                                                                             Total     3
                                                                      Parramore Avenue

                                               Total 7:30 7:45 8:00   8:15 Total 1:45        2:00   2:15   2:30
                                                AM                             PM
                                                 10    0    8    2     0        2        0    1      1      0     Total
                                                                               AM                                 PM
                                                     0     0    0      0        0        0    2     25      3     30
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School                                            7

                             3. QUALITATIVE ASSESSMENT
Grand Avenue Elementary School is located on Grand Street, between Parramore Avenue
and Lee Avenue, less than one-half mile west of Interstate-4. The school serves children who
live in adjacent neighborhoods, including students that reside east of Interstate-4. The
entire school zone falls within the two mile walk zone of the school; however, there is bus
service provided for areas on the school boundaries.

Orange County currently provides bus service for children that live east of Interstate-4.
There is an existing pedestrian bridge at the end of Grand Street over Interstate-4, but it has
been permanently closed by the Florida Department of Transportation. Figure 2 illustrates
the school zone boundaries, two-mile walk radius and existing bus stops for Grand Avenue
Elementary School.

Figure 3 is a School Route Plan map of the area within the two-mile walk limit. This area is
the focus of the qualitative assessment. The school route plan area was reviewed by a
registered professional engineer to evaluate vehicle, pedestrian and bicycle flow patterns to
determine what improvements are necessary, if any, to improve the safety and efficiency of
the children traveling to and from school.

General

Grand Street borders the north end of the school. There is one parking entrance to the
school from Grand Street. Lee Avenue borders the school on the west side and also has an
entrance to a small parking lot on the southwest side of the school. Some of the existing
school warning signs do not meet current MUTCD standards. They are described in more
detail below and should be replaced or updated as necessary.

Grand Street/School Circulation

There is a bus stop on Grand Street, just east of the parking lot entrance that serves other
schools. It was observed that middle and/or high schools students use this bus stop for pick-
up in the morning and drop off in the afternoon. A small number of the students arrive to
school via bus. The Grand Avenue Elementary bus drop off/pick up location is west of the
school on Lee Avenue. Bus service is provided for the residential areas east of Interstate-4
and on the perimeter of the school zone boundary. Most pedestrians and bicyclers come
from the west side on Grand Street using the sidewalk along both sides of the Street. Some
pedestrians and bicyclists are accompanied by parents. Overall pedestrian and bicycle access
to the school is generally safe and efficient.

Student drop off/pick up with vehicles does not occur on Grand Street. Some parents use
the parking lot on the north and east sides of the school to enter the school with their
students.

Lee Avenue/School Circulation

There is a bus drop off/pick up location on Lee Avenue, immediately south of Grand Street.
This bus stop serves Grand Avenue Elementary and other local schools. There is a small
parking lot entrance on Lee Avenue between Grand Street and Indiana Street. Vehicles use
the east side of Lee Avenue, south of Grand Street, to drop off/pick up students. Currently a
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School                                           8

school security guard uses cones to define multiple “angled” parking stalls along the
shoulder of Lee Avenue. This creates an unsafe condition when vehicles back-up into the
travel lanes to exit, especially during the afternoon pick-up timeframe, when traffic is
heavier.

Dedicated bus and vehicle drop off/pick up locations are necessary. Currently the city – local
streets (Lee Avenue and Grand Street) surrounding the school are used for these purposes
creating an unsafe condition during the drop off/pick up times. It is recommended that a
new bus and vehicle drop off/pick up circulation loop be constructed using the school drive
and parking lot on the east side of the school. Further study and design plans would need to
be developed.

Until a dedicated vehicle drop off/pick up area can be constructed, continued use of the
northbound lane of Lee Avenue, between Indiana and Grand Streets, for vehicle drop off/pick
up is necessary. However, the following changes are recommended to the current
operations:
          o Discontinue using “angled” parking for student drop off/pick up on Lee Avenue.
          o Use the safety cones (used currently for defining angled parking spaces) to
             create a 10-foot lane on the eastern edge of Lee Avenue from approximately
             50 feet south of Grand Street to Indiana Street.
          o Allow vehicles to queue in this lane for drop off/pick up defined by the cones.
          o Continue to use the security guard to assist with setup of cones and traffic
             control.
          o Continue using multiple school staff for traffic control and coordination of
             students from/to vehicles.
          o Send a notification flyer to students/parents regarding the change in vehicle
             drop off/pick up circulation.
                                                                                   9




                                                                           N




  Grand Avenue                  Legend
                    2 Mile Walk Zone       School                  Figure 2
                                           School Bus Stop
Elementary School   School Zone Boundary
                                           Traffic Signal
                                                             School Boundary Map
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 10




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               N
                                                     STOP                      STOP                   STOP                     STOP                          STOP                         STOP                                                                    STOP




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         STOP
                                                                                                                                                                            STOP




                                                                                                                               STOP
                                                                                                                                                      STOP




                STOP




                                                                                                                                                                                                         STOP
                                       STOP
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                               STOP
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                                                                                                                                                                                                          STOP




                                                                                                       STOP
                                      STOP                                             STOP                          STOP




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  G




                                                                                                                                                                                                           STOP
                                                                                        STOP
                                                      STOP                                                                                                                                 STOP                       STOP                                                                                      STOP
                                                                               STOP                   STOP                                                                                                                                     STOP                                                                                    STOP
                                                                                                                               STOP




                                                                                                                                      YIELD




                                                                                                                                                                            STOP
                                                                                                              STOP
                                                                                                                                                                            STOP
                       STOP




                                                        STOP
                                      STOP                                                                           STOP                                                                         STOP




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        STOP




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                                                                      STOP




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  G




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       STOP
         STOP




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                                       STOP




                                                                                        STOP
                                                      STOP                      STOP




                                                                                                                                                                                                  STOP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       STOP
                                                                                                                                  STOP




                                                                                                                                                                        Grand Ave
                                                                                                                                                                        Elementary




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          STOP
                                                                                                                                                                                                  STOP                                STOP                                                               STOP                   STOP
                       STOP




                                         STOP                         STOP               STOP                          STOP




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  G




                                                                                                                                                                                                  STOP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           STOP                                        STOP
      STOP




                                                                                                                                      STOP                   STOP                                                                                                                                                      STOP
                                                                                                                                                                                           STOP                         STOP
                                                       STOP                     STOP                  STOP                                                                                                                                      STOP




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                STOP




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    STOP
                                                                                                                                              YIELD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           STOP
                              YIELD




                                                               STOP




                                              STOP                                                                                                                                                STOP
                                                                        STOP
                                                                                               STOP                     STOP
                                                                                                                                                      STOP                         STOP




                                                                                                                                                                    G               Crossing Guard                                                                                        Signalized
  Grand Avenue                                                                                                       Legend                                                         School Bus Stops
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Crosswalk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Intersection                               Figure 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              School
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                STOP      Stop Sign
Elementary School                                                                                                                                                                   Pedestrian Route                                                                                                                          School Route Plan Map
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Crossing                            YIELD




                                                                                                                                                                                    Bike Lane                                                                                             Yield Sign
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School                                          11

Lee Avenue at Grand Street

The intersection of Lee Avenue at Grand Street was observed during the morning and
afternoon school hours. One crossing guard is stationed at the intersection to accommodate
the pedestrians and bicycles across the west approach of Grand Street. Approximately 37
students in the morning and 63 students in the afternoon cross at the intersection of Lee
Avenue and Grand Street. The following observations were made:

•   Traffic on Lee Avenue and Grand Street was traveling at or above the posted 25 mph
    speed limit. Traffic volumes are moderate. Multiple vehicles were observed traveling
    above the posted speed limit during the afternoon pick up. In discussions with the school
    principal (Lino Rodriguez), he mentioned a significant concern with traffic exceeding the
    posted speed limit on Lee Avenue while vehicles are picking up students. It is
    recommended to install a School Speed Limit Assembly “20 mph when flashing” (S4-3,
    R2-1, S4-4) with Flashing Beacon on Lee Avenue, north and south of the school.
    Additionally, END SCHOOL ZONE (S5-2) signs should be installed on the south and north
    sides of the school.

•   School children cross the west approach to the intersection and are protected by a
    crossing guard. Based on input from the crossing guard, the primary concern are vehicles
    traveling above the posted speed limit.

Figure 4 illustrates the existing intersection.

Grand Street at Parramore Avenue

The intersection of Grand Street at Parramore Avenue was observed during the morning and
afternoon school hours. One crossing guard is stationed at the intersection to accommodate
the pedestrians and bicycles across the north and east approaches. Approximately 53
students in the morning and 64 students in the afternoon cross at the intersection of Grand
Street at Parramore Avenue. The following observations were made:

•   Much of the “SCHOOL” striping and crosswalk striping is in poor condition. It is
    recommended to re-stripe the “SCHOOL” pavement markings on the southbound lanes of
    Parramore Avenue. It is also recommended to re-stripe all four crosswalks at the
    intersection of Grand Street and Parramore Avenue.

Figure 5 illustrates the existing intersection.

Photographs of the intersections of Lee Avenue at Grand Street and Grand Street at
Parramore Avenue are included in Exhibits 1 through 4.
                                                                                                                                                                                             12




                                                                                                                  Lee Street
                                          AHEAD




                                                                                                                                                                             N

                                                                                                            24’




                                                                                                                                                                                     AHEAD
                                                                                       STOP




                                                                                                                                       STOP
                                                                                                                                              4-WAY
               24’                                                                                                                                    24’
Grand Street                                                                                                                                                Grand Street




                                            STOP
                                  4-WAY
                     AHEAD




                                                                                                                               STOP
                                                                                                                               4-WAY




                                                                                                           33’




                                                                           MON - FRI
                                           P
                                                                  1-3 PM
                                                   7-8 AM
                                                            AND




                                                                                              Lee Avenue
                                                                                                                                       AHEAD




                        Lee Avenue                                                                                                                                   Figure 4
                      at Grand Street                                                                                                                            Condition Diagram
                                                                                                                                                                       13




                                                                                               Parramore Avenue
                                                       FLASHING
                                                        WHEN

                                                       20
                                                        LIMIT
                                                       SPEED
                                                                                                                           END


                                                                                                                                                               N
                                                       SCHOOL
                                                                                                                          SCHOOL
                                                                                                                           ZONE




                                                                                         20’     20’




                       SPEED
                        LIMIT


                                25
               AHEAD




                                                                                                                                                     AHEAD
                                                                                 4-WAY



                                                                             STOP




                                                                                                                           STOP
                                                                                                                                     4-WAY
                                     24’                                                                                                     24’
Grand Street




                                                                          STOP
                                                                  4-WAY
                                               ZONE
                                              SCHOOL
                                               FREE
                                              DRUG-
                                                                                                                  STOP
                       AHEAD




                                                                                                                  4-WAY




                                                                           ZONE
                                                                          SCHOOL
                                                                                                                           SCHOOL
                                                                           END
                                                                                                                           SPEED
                                                                                                                            LIMIT
                                                                                           11’ 11’
                                                                                                                           20
                                                                                                                              WHEN
                                                                                                                           FLASHING




                                     Parramore Avenue                                                                                                  Figure 5
                                      at Grand Street                                                                                              Condition Diagram
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School                         14

                          Exhibit 1-Lee Avenue at Grand Street




                       Looking south along Lee Avenue into Grand Street




                       Looking north along Lee Avenue into Grand Street
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School                        15

                         Exhibit 2- Lee Avenue at Grand Street




                       Looking west along Grand Street into Lee Avenue




                       Looking east along Grand Street into Lee Avenue
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School                            16

                      Exhibit 3- Parramore Avenue at Grand Street




                    Looking south along Parramore Avenue into Grand Street




                    Looking north along Parramore Avenue into Grand Street
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School                            17

                      Exhibit 4- Parramore Avenue at Grand Street




                     Looking west along Grand Street into Parramore Avenue




                     Looking east along Grand Street into Parramore Avenue
School Route Plan- Grand Avenue Elementary School                                         18

                                4. RECOMMENDATIONS
Based on the results of the analysis, the field observations and engineering judgment, the
following improvements are proposed:

1. There are not dedicated bus or vehicle circulation areas for student drop off/pick up. The
   city streets (Lee Avenue and Grand Street) surrounding the school are used for these
   purposes, thus creating an unsafe condition during the drop off/pick up times. It is
   recommended that a new bus and vehicle drop off/pick up circulation loop be constructed
   using the school drive and parking lot on the east side of the school.

2. Until a dedicated vehicle drop off/pick up area can be constructed, continued use the
   northbound lane of Lee Avenue, between Indiana and Grand Streets, for vehicle drop
   off/pick up is necessary. However, the following changes are recommended to the
   current operations:
          o Discontinue using “angled” parking for student drop off/pick up on Lee Avenue.
          o Use the safety cones (used currently for defining angled parking spaces) to
             create a 10-foot lane on the eastern edge of Lee Avenue from approximately 50
             feet south of Grand Street to Indiana Street.
          o Allow vehicles to queue in this lane for drop off/pick up defined by the cones.
          o Continue to use the security guard to assist with setup of cones and traffic
             control.
          o Continue using multiple school staff for traffic control and coordination of
             students from/to vehicles.
          o Send a notification flyer to students/parents regarding the change in vehicle
             drop off/pick up circulation.

3. On Lee Avenue, north and south of the school, a School Speed Limit Assembly “20 mph
   when flashing” (S4-3, R2-1, S4-4) with Flashing Beacon should be installed. Additionally,
   END SCHOOL ZONE (S5-2) signs should be installed on the south and north sides of the
   school.

4. On southbound Parramore Avenue the “SCHOOL” pavement markings should be re-
   striped.

5. At Parramore Avenue and Grand Street the crosswalk should be re-striped on all four
   sides.

6. At Grand Street and Lee Avenue the two existing crosswalk pavement markings should
   be re-striped. Two additional crosswalks should be striped on the north and west sides of
   the intersection.

Figures 6 and 7 have been included on the following pages to illustrate these
recommendations.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    19




                                                                                                                                                     Lee Street
                                                                            AHEAD




                                                                                                                                                                          Stripe crosswalk markings
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        N
                                                                                                                                                                          on north approach


                                        Stripe crosswalk markings
                                        on west approach
                                                                                                                                               24’
                                                                                                                                                                                           Remove existing
                                                                                                                         4-WAY
                                                                                                                                                                                           School Crossing




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            AHEAD
                                                                                                                                                                                           sign with Down
                                                                                                                         STOP
                                                                                                                                                                                           Arrow placards

               Stripe SCHOOL




                                                                                                                                                                            STOP
               pavement markings




                                                                                                                                                                                   4-WAY
                          24’
                                                                                                                                                                           Restripe crosswalk markings
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          24’   Grand Street
Grand Street
                                                                                                                                                                           on south and east approaches




                                                                              STOP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Stripe SCHOOL




                                                                    4-WAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    pavement markings
                                AHEAD




                                                                                                                                                                  STOP
                                                                                                                                                                  4-WAY                                      Remove School
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Advance Warning
                                             Remove existing                                                                                                              Remove existing                    sign
                                             School Crossing                                                                                  33’                         School Crossing
                                             sign with Down                                                                                                               sign with Down
                                             Arrow placards                                                                                                               Arrow placards


                                                                                                             MON - FRI
                                                                             P
                                                                                                    1-3 PM
                                                                                     7-8 AM
                                                                                              AND




                                                Remove School
                                                                                                                                 Lee Avenue
                                                Advance Warning                                                                                                            AHEAD
                                                sign




                                   Lee Avenue                                                                                                                                                                                          Figure 6
                                 at Grand Street                                                                                                                                                                           Conceptual Improvement Diagram
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    20
                              Add School Advance Warning
                              Assembly (S1-1) with Ahead                     AHEAD                                                       Stripe SCHOOL
                              sign placard (W16-9P)                                                                                      pavement markings




                                                                                                                      Parramore Avenue
                                                                              FLASHING
                                                                               WHEN

                                                                              20
                                                                               LIMIT
                                                                              SPEED
                                                                                                                                                      END


                                                                                                                                                                                                                              N
                                                                             SCHOOL
                                                                                                                                                    SCHOOL
                                                                                                                                                     ZONE




                                                                                                                20’       20’                                          Remove existing




                                SPEED
                                 LIMIT


                                         25
                      AHEAD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                     AHEAD
                                                                                                                                                                       School Crossing
                                                                                                        4-WAY                                                          sign with Down
                                                                                                                                                                       Arrow placards
                                                                                                    STOP




                                                                                                                                                     STOP
                                                                                                                                                               4-WAY
24’                                                  Grand Street                                                                                                                        24’

                                                                                                                                                 Restripe crosswalk markings
                                                                                                                                                 on all four approaches

  Stripe SCHOOL




                                                                                                 STOP
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Stripe SCHOOL
  pavement markings




                                                                                         4-WAY
                                                                     ZONE                                                                                                                        pavement markings
                                                                    SCHOOL
                                                                     FREE
                                                                    DRUG-
                                                                                                                                         STOP                          Remove existing
                                AHEAD




                                                                                                                                                                       School Crossing
                                                                                                                                         4-WAY                         sign with Down
                                                                                                                                                                       Arrow placards



                                                           Remove existing
                                                           School Crossing
                                                           sign with Down
                                                           Arrow placards

                                                                                                  ZONE
                                                                                                 SCHOOL
                                                                                                                                                     SCHOOL
                                                                                                  END
                                                                                                                                                      SPEED
                                                                                                                                                       LIMIT
                                                                                                                  11’ 11’
                                                                                                                                                      20
                                                                                                                                                        WHEN
                                                                                                                                                      FLASHING




                                                                                                                                                                                   Add School Advance Warning
                                                                                                                                                                                   Assembly (S1-1) with Ahead
                                                                                                                                                                                   sign placard (W16-9P)
                                                                        Stripe SCHOOL
                                                                        pavement markings

                                                                                                                                                    AHEAD




                                              Parramore Avenue                                                                                                                                                     Figure 7
                                               at Grand Street                                                                                                                                         Conceptual Improvement Diagram
School Route Plan- Southwood Elementary School


                                     APPENDIX
            CITY:               Orlando                                                                   COUNTY:                        Orange
 NORTH APPROACH:                Lee Avenue                                                         EAST APPROACH:                        Grand Street
 SOUTH APPROACH:                Lee Avenue                                                         WEST APPROACH:                        Grand Street
           DATE:                4/23/2007                                                            ARRIVAL TIME:                       7:30-8:30 AM               DEPARTURE TIME:                         1:45-2:45
          COUNT:                All Vehicles                                                            OBSERVER:                           JS
  START                         NORTHBOUND                                                      SOUTHBOUND                                                                      EASTBOUND                                                      WESTBOUND                                              GRAND

   TIME   LEFT       THRU         RIGHT       U-TURN       TOTAL        LEFT        THRU          RIGHT        U-TURN       TOTAL        NS TOTAL        LEFT       THRU          RIGHT       U-TURN       TOTAL        LEFT       THRU          RIGHT       U-TURN       TOTAL        EW TOTAL         TOTAL

7:30             1          2             1            0           4            1          15             8             0       24              28              4           1             1            0           6           1          8              6            0           15          21              49
7:45             2          6             0            0           8           5           4              5             0           14          22              1          5              3            0           9           0          6              3            0           9           18              40
Total            3          8             1            0           12          6           19             13            0       38             50               5          6              4            0           15          1          14             9            0       24              39              89
8:00             0          2             1            0           3           5           3              7             0           15          18              8          4              1            0           13          0          2              8            0           10          23                41
8:15             2          1             1            0           4           3           6              4             0           13          17              0          2              1            0           3           0           1             1            0           2               5           22
Total            2          3             2            0           7           8           9              11            0       28              35              8          6              2            0           16          0          3              9            0           12          28              63
13:45            1          3             2            0           6            1          3              2             0           6           12              3          3              1            0           7           1          6              5            0           12          19                31
Total            1          3             2            0           6            1          3              2             0           6           12              3          3              1            0           7           1          6              5            0           12          19                31
14:00            1          6             1            0           8           3           4              3             0           10          18              5          4              0            0           9           3          7              2            0           12          21              39
14:15            0          2             1            0           3           8           16             6             0       30              33              2          13             6            0           21          4          8              5            0           17          38                71
14:30            0          0             2            0           2           2           5              2             0           9               11          1          13             1            0           15          2          6              1            1           10          25              36
Total            1          8             4            0           13          13      25                 11            0       49              62              8      30                 7            0       45              9          21             8            1       39             84               146
            CITY:                 Orlando                                                                  COUNTY:                    Orange
 NORTH APPROACH:                  Parramore Avenue                                                  EAST APPROACH:                    Grand Street
 SOUTH APPROACH:                  Parramore Avenue                                                  WEST APPROACH:                    Grand Street
           DATE:                  4/23/2007                                                           ARRIVAL TIME:                   7:30-8:30 AM             DEPARTURE TIME: 13:45-14:45
          COUNT:                  All Vehicles                                                           OBSERVER:                       JS
  START                           NORTHBOUND                                                     SOUTHBOUND                                                               EASTBOUND                                                     WESTBOUND                                              GRAND

   TIME   LEFT        THRU          RIGHT       U-TURN       TOTAL        LEFT       THRU          RIGHT        U-TURN       TOTAL    NS TOTAL    LEFT         THRU         RIGHT       U-TURN       TOTAL        LEFT       THRU         RIGHT       U-TURN       TOTAL       EW TOTAL          TOTAL

7:30             8           14             1            0       23              1          13             15            1       30          53          13           0             6            0           19          0          0             2            0           2          21                74
7:45             2           21             0            0       23              0          22             5             0       27         50           10           0             3            0           13          0          0             1            0           1          14                64
Total            10      35                 1            0       46              1      35             20                1       57         103          23           0             9            0       32              0          0             3            0           3          35               138
8:00              1          16             0            0           17          0          22             13            0       35          52          10           0             3            0           13          2          1             0            0           3          16                68
8:15             3           26             0            0       29              0          18             7             0       25         54            7           0             3            0           10          0          0             1            0           1              11            65
Total            4       42                 0            0       46              0      40             20                0       60         106          17           0             6            0       23              2          1             1            0           4          27               133
13:45            4       24                 1            0       29              0      26                 9             0       35         64            7           1             4            0           12          0          2             1            0           3          15                79
Total            4       24                 1            0       29              0      26                 9             0       35         64            7           1             4            0           12          0          2             1            0           3          15                79
14:00            0           31             2            0       33              0          21             6             0       27         60            11          0             0            0           11          1          0             1            0           2          13                73
14:15            4           22             0            0       26              0      28                 11            0       39          65           9           2             5            0           16          1          1             2            0           4          20                85
14:30            3           29             1            0       33              1      28                 13            1       43          76           4           2             1            0           7           0          0             2            0           2              9             85
Total            7       82                 3            0       92              1          77         30                1      109         201          24           4             6            0       34              2          1             5            0           8          42               243