9.0 PUSAT PENGAJIAN SAINS FIZIK by vts15196

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									9.0   PUSAT PENGAJIAN SAINS FIZIK

      9.1   FIZIK

            OBJEKTIF

            Mendedahkan pelajar dengan pengetahuan asas mengenai prinsip dan
            konsep dalam Fizik serta melengkapkan pelajar dengan teknik dan kaedah
            menggunakannya.

            STRUKTUR RANCANGAN

            Pelajar mesti mengumpul sejumlah 16 atau 24 unit mengikut rancangan
            pengajiannya. Pembahagiannya adalah seperti berikut:-

            Pelajar yang ingin mengambil Fizik sebagai bidang Minor mesti lulus 16
            unit kursus-kursus Fizik berikut:

            ZCA 101/4   -   Physics I (Mechanics)
            ZCA 102/4   -   Physics II (Electricity and Magnetism)
            ZCT 103/3   -   Physics III (Vibrations, Waves and Optics)
            ZCT 104/3   -   Physics IV (Modern Physics)
            ZCT 191/2   -   Physics Practicals I

            Bagi pelajar yang mengambil ZCA 101/4 dan ZCA 102/4 sebagai teras
            dalam rancangan pengajiannya, beliau dikehendaki memilih tambahan 8
            unit kursus-kursus Fizik berikut:-

            ZCT 106/3   -   Electronics I
            ZCT 192/2   -   Physics Practicals II
            ZCT 207/2   -   Statistical Mechanics
            ZCT 212/2   -   Thermodynamics
            ZCT 213/2   -   Optics

            Seseorang pelajar boleh menggantikan pada maksimumnya 4 unit kursus
            yang beliau gagal itu dengan kursus yang sekurang-kurangnya berperingkat
            sama dan ditawarkan di bawah Rancangan Pengajian Ijazah Sarjana Muda
            Sains dengan Kepujian dalam bidang Fizik.

            Pelajar perlu mencapai PNGK 2.0 ke atas untuk semua 16 atau 24 unit
            kursus tersebut di atas.




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SUSUNAN PENAWARAN KURSUS

(i) Teras (16 unit)                                         Semester

    ZCA 101/4     -   Physics I (Mechanics)                        I
    ZCA 102/4     -   Physics II (Electricity and Magnetism)       I
    ZCT 103/3     -   Physics III (Vibrations, Waves and Optics)   II
    ZCT 104/3     -   Physics IV (Modern Physics)                  II
    ZCT 191/2     -   Physics Practicals I                         I

    Kursus Lain

    ZCT 106/3     -   Electronics I                                II
    ZCT 192/2     -   Physics Practicals II                        II
    ZCT 207/2     -   Statistical Mechanics                        II
    ZCT 212/2     -   Thermodynamics                               I
    ZCT 213/2     -   Optics                                       I


SINOPSIS

ZCA 101/4 Physics I (Mechanics)

Unit, dimension. Kinematics is one and two dimension. Vectors in physics.
Newton’s Laws and application. Work and energy. Conservation of energy
and momentum. Collision is one and two dimension. Simle harmonic
motion.

Universal gravitation, gravitional force. Motion of planets. Extended
systems, moment of inertia. Angular momentum, rotational dynamics,
compound pendulum. Rigid body, equilibrium, statics. Elasticity, stress,
strain and torsion. Young’s modulus, shear and bulk modulus. Bending of
beams bending moment.

Compression of fluids, surface tension, hydrostatics, viscosity,
viscoelasticity. Hydrodynamics, continuity equation, Bernoulli equation,
Poisseuille equation. Turbulent flow, sedimentation, drag.

ZCA 102/4 Physics II (Electricity and Magnetism)

Coulomb’s law, electric intensity. Gauss’s law, electric flux. Electric
potential and electric intensity of point charges, dipole and charge
distributions. Capacitance, dielectrics, stored energy. Electric current,
resistance, Ohm’s law. Kirchhoff’s law. Microscopic view of current. D.C.
RC circuit. Magnetic fields, Amper’s law, Biot-Savart law. Faraday’s law.
Lenz’s law. Inductance, stored energy, D.C. LR circuit. A.C. current,
electric power, RCL circuit, Force on current and moving charge. Lorentz
equation, Hall’s effect.


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Dielectrnic materials, dipole moment, electric polarization. Material
resistivity, temperature effect. Electromagnetics waves, electromagnetic
spectrum. Magnetic field and electric field vector. Maxwell displacement
current, Maxwell equations.

ZCT 103/3 Physics III (Vibrations, Waves and Optics)

Equation of motion for simple harmonic motion, damped oscillator, forced
oscillator. Logarithmic decrement, relaxation time, resonance and Q factor.

Coupled oscillator. Transverse waves and longitudinal waves. The wave
equation and its solutions. Reflections and transmission of waves at
boundaries. Stationary waves. Superposition of waves. Phase velocity and
group velocity. Dispersion of waves.

Electromagnetic wave spectrum. Plane electromagnetic waves in vacuum.
Propagation at light waves, amplitude and intensity. Doppler effect.
Interference, Young’s double slits, Michelson interferometer. Multiple
reflections, thin flims, Newtons rings and Fabry-Perot interferometer.

Diffraction grating. Dispersion, Cauchy formula. Polarization, Brewster
angle. Light sources and light detectors.

ZCT 104/3 Physics IV (Modern Physics)

Special Relativity: Reference frames, invariance of Newton’s dynamics.
Galilean transformation, invariance for other laws. Michelson-Morley
experiment. Postulates of special relativity. Lorentz transformation.
Relativistic kinematics and dynamics. Einstein formula.

Introduction to modern ideas in Physics. Blackbody radiation, Planck’s law.
Photoelectric effect, Compton effect, X-rays. Wave-particle duality, de
Broglie waves. Old atomic models. Alpha-scattering, Rutherford model.
Old quantum theory and the Bohr model of the atom. Energy levels of the
atom and atomic spectra. Excitation and the Franck-Hertz experiment.
Bohr's Correspondence Principle.

ZCT 106/3 Electronics I

Analysis of circuits. Alternating current circuits. Thevenin’s Theorem and
Norton’s Theorem. Characteristics of diodes ad their uses in circuits,
rectifying circuits. Signal processing circuits. Bipolar junction transistors
and Field effect transistors, input characteristics and output characteristics.
Large signal amplifiers, amplifiers and hyvird parameters. Theory of
positive and negative feedback. Operational amplifiers and their
applications.
Prerequisite: (S) ZCA 102/4 Physics II (Electricity and Magnetism)



                              112
ZCT 191/2 Physics Practicals I

Consist of a selection of experiments.

ZCT 192/2 Physics Practicals II

Consist of a selection of experiments.

Prerequisite: (S) ZCT 191/2     Physics Practicals I

ZCT 207/2 Statistical Mechanics

Characteristics of macroscopic and microscopic systems. Probability
concepts and counting of states. Postulate of equal a priori probabilities.
Microcanominal Ensemble. Statistics of ideal quantum gases. Maxwell-
Boltzmann statistics. Bose-Einstein statistics. Fermi-Dirac statistics.
Applications of quantum statistics: specific heat of solids, black body
radiation, conducting electrons in solids.

ZCT 212/2 Thermodynamics

Simple thermodynamic systems, equation of state, work, heat, first law,
internal energy, results of first law, ideal gas. Carnot cycle and heat engine.

Second law of thermodynamics, result from second law, entropy,
irreversible process.

Combination of first and second laws, T-S diagram and thermodynamic
relationships. Maxwell equation, Clausius-Clapeyron equation and Tds
equation.

Prerequisite: (S) ZCA 102/4     Physics II (Electricity and Magnetism)

ZCT 213/2 Optics

Polarization. Plane and circular polarization. Reflection and transmission of
electromagnetic waves at boundaries. Optical activity. Kerr effect and
Faraday effect. Dispersion theory.

Diffraction. Fresnel-Kirchhoff equations. Fraunhofer diffraction of a single
slit, square and circular aperture. Diffraction gratings and their
characteristics.

Fresnel diffraction for circular aperture. Cornu spiral and Fresnel Integrals
Zone plates. Fresnel diffraction for straight edges and rectangular aperture.

Prerequisite: (P) ZCT 103/3     Physics III (Vibrations, Waves and Optics)



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