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					Lesson 9
In this lesson you will :

• learn about slavery
• read a historical document

• find out about the Civil Rights
Movement

• learn new vocabulary
Slavery
At the end of the 14th century, 600
years ago, Europeans started to
take people from Africa against
their will to be slaves in the
“New World”. About 15
          million Africans were
          transported to the
          Americas between
          1540 and 1850.
The slaves were taken to America
by ships, chained together by their
hands and feet. A large number
of slaves died on the journey
from disease.
The New World refers to

Slaves went to America (by
themselves / of their own free
will / against their own free will)

How many Africans were
transported to America ?

What happened to the slaves on
the ships going to the
Americas ?
The New World refers to the
Americas.
Slaves went to America against
their own free will.
How many Africans were transported
to America ? About 15 million
Africans were transported to the
Americas .
What happened to the slaves on
the ships going to the Americas?
They were chained together by their
hands and feet. Many slaves died
on the journey from disease.
Living Africans Thrown Overboard
The slaves were brought to
America to work on plantations.

A plantation is a large farm.
 On the plantations, the owners
grew crops, such as tobacco,
rice, sugar cane and cotton. In
order to grow these crops the
plantation owners needed
                 a large
                 workforce
                 of cheap labor.
A plantation is…


         1. a village

         2. a community

         3. a large farm

         4. a farm crop
Which of the following are crops?

Circle the correct answers

              tobacco
              wood
              rice
              sugar cane
              sheep
              dairy cows
              cotton
For most slaves, life was a
nightmare. Men, women and
children worked hard.


                         Slaves worked in
                         the fields from
                         sunrise to sunset
                         and at harvest time
                         they put in an
                         eighteen hour day.
Women worked the same hours as
men and even pregnant women
were expected to      continue
working until their
         child was born.
Imagine you are a slave.You are
about to be sold to another
plantation far from your family.
Describe how you feel.
Emancipation Proclamation :
22/September/1862

“. . . I do order and declare that
all persons held as slaves within
said designated States and parts
of States are, and henceforward
shall be, free; and that the
     Executive Government of the
     United States, . . . will
     recognize and maintain the
     freedom of said persons. "
The famous black leader

Martin Luther King
was born in 1929. Luther King

became a religious leader after he

finished his studies and he fought

against racism and discrimination in

the United States of America.
From 1955 to 1968 King devoted
his life fighting discrimination
against Blacks in the USA.
King preached against
discrimination all over the
country, organized
demonstrations and appealed
to the courts demanding that
the laws against blacks be
              abolished.

              In 1968 King was
              assassinated.
•     Blacks may not study in white
    schools.
•     Blacks may not eat in the same
    restaurants.
•    Blacks can only sit at
     the back of the bus.
•    Blacks cannot live in a
     white neighborhood.
He sacrificed his life

but was successful.

He changed the minds of the
people in America. White people
and black people can sit in the
same bus, can learn together and
be friends.
I Have a Dream
“ I still have a dream. It is a dream
deeply rooted in the American
dream.

I have a dream that one day this
nation will rise up and live out the
true meaning of its creed: We hold
these truths to be self-evident: that
all men are created equal."
I Have a Dream

“I have a dream that one day on
the red hills of Georgia the sons
of former slaves and the sons of
former slave owners will be able
to sit down together at a table of
brotherhood.”

              I Have a Dream
In what ways did Martin Luther King try
to fight discrimination against black
people?

  1. He preached against it. Y/N

  2. He shot white people who
    discriminated against black
    people. Y/N

  3. He led demonstrations. Y/N

  4. He put bombs in the Senate.Y/N
Let’s read an essay written by a
Chinese high-school student living
in Seattle.
      “A new generation
      believes the Dream”
      By Amphay Thiraphouth

  “Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is a
  person who means a lot of things
  to people. I think he represents
  everyone's struggle in life.
What he means to me is my own
struggle in life.

He makes me think that no
matter if I am an Asian or not,
I can conquer anything and anybody.

        No matter what color
        I am, I'm still a person with
        feelings and personality.
Even now racism still exists. That is
why he is known as the leader of
black rights.

His speech, "I have a dream. . ."
                is so famous
                because everyone
                has a dream no
                matter what color he is.
Fill in the missing words:

Amphay thinks that Dr. Martin
Luther King represents
everyone's ________in life. For
King it was not important if you
were white , black or ________.


     struggle, person, everyone,
      personality, dream, Asian
Amphay believes it is not important
what color she is. She is still a_ _
with feelings and a __________ .

Amphay thinks that King’s speech,
"I have a dream. . ." is so famous
because __________________
has a _____________no matter
what color he is.
       struggle, person, everyone,
        personality, dream, Asian
Amphay thinks that Dr. Martin
Luther King represents everyone's
struggle in life. For King it was
not important if you were white,
black or Asian.
Amphay believes it is not
important what color she is. She
is still a person, with feelings and a
personality.
Amphay thinks that King’s speech,
"I have a dream. . ." is so famous
because everyone has a dream
no matter what color he is.
Oppression - ‫דיכוי‬



The Taliban
Regime in Afganistan.

For six years the Taliban – a
radical sect in the Islam, ruled
over Afganistan.
They oppressed the people and destroyed
any culture which did not belong or identify
with Islam.The Taliban forbade TV.Only
certain books were allowed. Girls could not
study. The Taliban even destroyed the
ancient Buddha statues.
Examples of Taliban oppression are :

  1. destroying any culture.
  2. forbidding TV and
    allowing only certain books .
  3. forbidding girls to study.
  4. destroying ancient Buddha statues.
  5. all of the above
In this lesson we :
 learned about human rights
 learned about people who
  fought for human rights
 read an essay
 learned new vocabulary concerning
  human rights
 filled a cloze
 discussed the topic of human rights
Next lesson we will continue to
learn about the struggle for human
rights. We will see how woman
children and youth need to fight for
their rights.
We will also discuss the question
of high school students’ rights and
we will formulate our Student
Rights Declaration.
Meanwhile think about this topic.

See you next lesson

				
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