Pre-Modern History Test Greece Who was Homer, why was he important? What were the two types of Greek Gods? How did they differ? What was Greek government divided into? When would this change? What is Athens best known for? What affect has this had on Western Civilization? How did Sparta differ from Athens? (three points) Rome When did Rome begin its dominance in Europe? When did this end? How did Rome improve Western Architecture How did the Roman republic ensure that no part of government would become too powerful? How did Caesar end the Roman republic, becoming an emperor? Explain the importance of the Justinian Code Judaism What was its Holy Text? What was the Torah? How did Judaism influence Christianity? Christianity What was the basis of Jesus’ teachings Why was he crucified by the Romans? What was the importance of the Roman empire adopting Christianity? Islam Who was Muhammad? Explain the five pillars of Islam Medieval Society What is Feudalism? Be able to explain this system How did feudalism have both positive and negative affects? What was the Tithe? How did this increase the power of the Church? What was excommunication, how was this used by the Church? Who was Benedict? Why was he important? Who was Hilda? Why was she important? Who was Francis of Assisi? Why was he important? Who was Dominic? Why was he important? How did the Church come to gain so much power in Europe? What was the investiture controversy? How was it solved?
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