Grade 10 by fjhuangjun

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									                                                                                                                                                                                                             PHYSICAL SCIENCES SUBJECT FRAMEWORK
                                                                                                                                                               Grade 10                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Grade 11                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Grade 12
Knowledge Area 1: Matter and Materials                                                                                                                                                   CO’s / DO’s                            Knowledge Area 1: Matter and Materials                                                                                                                                                  CO’s / DO’s                          Knowledge Area 1: Matter and Materials                                                                                                                                                   CO’s / DO’s

Time:                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Time:                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Time:
                                                                                                                                                Context                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Context                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Context
8 wks                                                                                                                                                                                                                               8 wks
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Assess-                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Assess-                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Assess-
     LO’s                                                                                                                                        AS’s             Core Content                    ment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         LO’s                                                                                                                                    AS’s            Core Content                   ment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     LO’s                                                                                                                                     AS’s            Core Content                   ment
                                                                                                                                                          Observing, describing,                                                                                                                                                                                                          Electronic properties of                                                                                                                                                                                                     Optical phenomena and
                                                                                                                                                          classifying and using materials -                                                                                                                                                                                               matter:                                                                                                                                                                                                                      properties of materials:
                                                                                                                                                          a macroscopic view                                                                                                                                                                                                              •conduction in semiconductors,                                                                                                                                                                                               •transmission and scattering
                                                                                                                                                          •The material(s)of which an object                                                                                                                                                                                              metals, ionic liquids;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       of light;
                                                                                                                                                          is composed.                                                                                                                                                                                                                    •intrinsic properties and doping
                                                                                                                                                          •Mixtures: heterogeneous and                                                                                                                                                                                                    – properties by design;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       •emission and absorption
                                                                                                                                                          homogeneous.                                                                                                                                                                                                                    •principles of the p-n junction                                                                                                                                                                                              spectra;
                                                                                                                                                          •Pure substances: elements and                                                                                                                                                                                                  and the junction diode;                                                                                                                                                                                                      •lasers;
                                                                                                                                                          compounds.                                                                                                                                                                                                                      •insulators, breakdown.                                                                                                                                                                                                      •photoelectric effect.
                                                       The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment
                                                                                                                                                          •Names and formulae of                                                                                                                                                                                                          Atomic combinations:                                                                                                                                                                                                         Organic molecules:
                                                                                                                                                          substances.                                                                                                                                                                                                                     molecular structure                                                                                                                                                                                                          •organic molecular
LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge
                                                                                                                                                          •Metals, semimetals and                                                                                                                                                                                                         •A chemical bond as the net                                                                                                                                                                                                  structures – functional
  LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills
                                                                                                                                                          nonmetals.                                                                                                                                                                                                                      electrostatic force between two
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       groups, saturated and
                                                                                                                                                          •Electrical conductors,                                                                                                                                                                                                         atoms sharing electrons.
                                                                                                                                                          semiconductors and insulators.                                                                                                                                                                                                  •Chemical bonds as explained                                                                                                                                                                                                 unsaturated structures,
                                                                                                                                                          •Thermal conductors and                                                                                                                                                                                                         by Lewis theory and                                                                                                                                                                                                          isomers;
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Formal Assessment Programme




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Formal Assessment Programme




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Formal Assessment Programme
                                                                                                                                                          insulators.                                                                                                                                                                                                                     represented using Lewis                                                                                                                                                                                                      •systematic naming and
                                                                                                                                                          •Magnetic and nonmagnetic                                                                                                                                                                                                       diagrams.                                                                                                                                                                                                                    formulae, structure-physical
                                                                                                                                                          materials.                                                                                                                                                                                                                      •Electronegativity of atoms to                                                                                                                                                                                               property relationships;
                                                                                                                                                          Particles substances are made                                                                                                                                                                                                   explain the polarity of bonds.                                                                                                                                                                                               •substitution, addition and
                                                                                                                                                          of                                                                                                                                                                                                                              •Oxidation number of atoms in




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    . Day –by day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       elimination reactions.




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                                                                                                                                                          •Atoms and molecules (simple and                                                                                                                                                                                                molecules to explain their
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Mechanical properties:
                                                                                                                                                          giant)                                                                                                                                                                                                                          relative “richness ” in electrons.
                                                                                                                                                          •Linking macroscopic properties of                                                                                                                                                                                              •Bond energy and length.                                                                                                                                                                                                     •elasticity, plasticity, fracture,
                                                                                                                                                          materials to micro                                                                                                                                                                                                              •Multiple bonds.                                                                                                                                                                                                             creep (descriptive);
                                                                                                                                                          (particle)structure.                                                                                                                                                                                                            •Molecular shape as predicted                                                                                                                                                                                                •Hooke ’s Law, stress-strain,
                                                                                                                                                          •Intermolecular and intramolecular                                                                                                                                                                                              using the Valence Shell Electron                                                                                                                                                                                             ductile and brittle materials;
                                                                                                                                                          forces (chemical bonds).Physical                                                                                                                                                                                                Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory.                                                                                                                                                                                               •fracture, strength of
                                                                                                                                                          state and density explained in                                                                                                                                                                                                  Atomic nuclei:                                                                                                                                                                                                               materials.
                                                                                                                                                          terms of these forces. Particle                                                                                                                                                                                                 •nuclear structure and stability;                                                                                                                                                                                            Organic macromolecules:
                                                                                                                                                          kinetic energy and temperature.                                                                                                                                                                                                 •radioactivity;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       •plastics and polymers –
                                                                                                                                                          The Atom: basic building block                                                                                                                                                                                                  •ionising radiation;
                                                                                                                                                          of all matter                                                                                                                                                                                                                   •fission and fusion and their                                                                                                                                                                                                thermoplastic and
                                                                                                                                                          •Models of the atom.                                                                                                                                                                                                            consequences;                                                                                                                                                                                                                thermoset;
                                                                                                                                                          •Atomic mass and diameter.                                                                                                                                                                                                      •nucleosynthesis – the Sun and                                                                                                                                                                                               •biological macromolecules–
                                                                                                                                                          •Structure of the atom: protons,                                                                                                                                                                                                stars;                                                                                                                                                                                                                       structure, properties,
                                                                                                                                                          neutrons, electrons.                                                                                                                                                                                                            •age determination in geology                                                                                                                                                                                                function.
                                                                                                                                                          •Isotopes                                                                                                                                                                                                                       and archaeology.
                                                                                                                                                          •Energy quantization and electron                                                                                                                                                                                               Ideal gases and thermal
                                                                                                                                                          configuration.                                                                                                                                                                                                                  properties:
                                                                                                                                                          •Periodicity of ionization energy to                                                                                                                                                                                            •motion of particles;
                                                                                                                                                          support the arrangement of the                                                                                                                                                                                                  •kinetic theory of gases;
                                                                                                                                                          atoms in the Periodic Table.                                                                                                                                                                                                    •temperature and heating,
                                                                                                                                                          •Successive ionization energies to                                                                                                                                                                                              pressure;
                                                       LO 3:




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    LO 3:
                                                                                                                                                          provide evidence for the                                                                                                                                                                                                        •ideal gas law
                                                                                                                                                          arrangement of electrons into core
                                                                                                                                                          and valence electrons.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      PHYSICAL SCIENCES SUBJECT FRAMEWORK

                                                                                                                                                             Grade 10                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Grade 11                                                                                                                                                                                                            Grade 12
Knowledge Area 2: Electricity and                                                                                                                                                    CO’s / DO’s                        Knowledge Area 2: Electricity and                                                                                                                                                      CO’s / DO’s                            Knowledge Area 2: Electricity and                                                                                                                                             CO’s / DO’s
                  Magnetism                                                                                                                                                                                                               Magnetism                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Magnetism

     Time:                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Time:
                                                                                                                                                Context                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Context                                                                   Time:                                                                                                                                     Context
     4 wks                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4 wks

                                                                                                                                                                                        Assess-                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Assess-                                                                                                                                                                                                              Assess-
          LO’s                                                                                                                                   AS’s          Core Content                                                       LO’s                                                                                                                                         AS’s         Core Content                                                     LO’s                                                                                                                                  AS’s          Core Content
                                                                                                                                                                                         ment                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ment                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ment
                                                                                                                                                          Magnetism:                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Electrostatics:                                                                                                                                                                                                     Electrodynamics:
                                                                                                                                                          •magnetic field of                                                                                                                                                                                                            •force between charges                                                                                                                                                                                              •electrical machines




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               LO 3: The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment
                                                       The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment
                                                                                                                                                          permanent magnets;                                                                                                                                                                                                            (Coulomb ’s Law);                                                                                                                                                                                                   (generators, motors);
                                                                                                                                                          •poles of permanent                                                                                                                                                                                                           •electric field around                                                                                                                                                                                              •alternating current;
                                                                                                                                                          magnets, attraction and                                                                                                                                                                                                       single charges and                                                                                                                                                                                                  •capacitance and
                                                                                                                                                          repulsion;                                                                                                                                                                                                                    groups of charges;                                                                                                                                                                                                  inductance.
                                                                                                                                                          •Earth’s magnetic field,                                                                                                                                                                                                      •electrical potential                                                                                                                                                                                               Electronics:
LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge
                                                                                                                                                          compass.                                                                                                                                                                                                                      energy and potential;                                                                                                                                                                                               •capacitive and
  LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        •capacitance, physics                                                                                                                                                                                               inductive circuits;
                                                                                                                                                          Electrostatics:                                                                                                                                                                                                               of the parallel plate                                                                                                                                                                                               •filters and signal
                                                                                                                                                          •two kinds of charge;                                                                                                                                                                                                         capacitor, relation                                                                                                                                                                                                 tuning;
                                                                                                                                                                                          Formal Assessment Programme




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Formal Assessment Programme




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Formal Assessment Programme
                                                                                                                                                          •force between charges                                                                                                                                                                                                        between charge,                                                                                                                                                                                                     •active circuit elements,
                                                                                                                                                          (descriptive);                                                                                                                                                                                                                potential                                                                                                                                                                                                           diode, LED and field
                                                                                                                                                          •attraction between                                                                                                                                                                                                           difference and                                                                                                                                                                                                      effect transistor,
                                                                                                                                                          charged and uncharged                                                                                                                                                                                                         capacitance;                                                                                                                                                                                                        operational amplifier;
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                                                                                                                                                          objects (polarisation);                                                                                                                                                                                                       •capacitor as a circuit                                                                                                                                                                                             •principles of digital
                                                                                                                                                          •conductors and                                                                                                                                                                                                               device.                                                                                                                                                                                                             electronics – logical
                                                                                                                                                          insulators.                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Electromagnetism:                                                                                                                                                                                                   gates, counting circuits.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        •magnetic field                                                                                                                                                                                                     Electromagnetic
                                                                                                                                                          Electric circuits:                                                                                                                                                                                                            associated with current;                                                                                                                                                                                            radiation:
                                                                                                                                                          •need for a closed circuit                                                                                                                                                                                                    •current induced by                                                                                                                                                                                                 •dual
                                                                                                                                                          for charges to flow;                                                                                                                                                                                                          changing magnetic field                                                                                                                                                                                             (particle/wave)nature of
                                                                                                                                                          •electrical potential                                                                                                                                                                                                         •– transformers;;                                                                                                                                                                                                   EM radiation;
                                                                                                                                                          difference (voltage);                                                                                                                                                                                                         •motion of a charged                                                                                                                                                                                                •nature of an EM-wave
                                                                                                                                                          •current;                                                                                                                                                                                                                     particle in a magnetic                                                                                                                                                                                              as mutual induction of
                                                                                                                                                          •resistance;                                                                                                                                                                                                                  field.                                                                                                                                                                                                              oscillating
                                                                                                                                                          •principles and                                                                                                                                                                                                               Electric circuits:                                                                                                                                                                                                  magnetic/electric fields;
                                                                                                                                                          instruments of                                                                                                                                                                                                                •relation between                                                                                                                                                                                                   •EM spectrum;
                                                                                                                                                          measurement of voltage                                                                                                                                                                                                        current, voltage and                                                                                                                                                                                                •nature of EM as
                                                                                                                                                          (P.D.), current and                                                                                                                                                                                                           resistance (Ohm ’s                                                                                                                                                                                                  particle – energy of a
                                                       LO 3:




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                                                                                                                                                          resistance.                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Law);                                                                                                                                                                                                               photon related to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        •resistance, equivalent                                                                                                                                                                                             frequency and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        resistance, internal                                                                                                                                                                                                wavelength;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        resistance                                                                                                                                                                                                          •penetrating ability.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           PHYSICAL SCIENCES SUBJECT FRAMEWORK

                    Grade 10                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grade 11                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Grade 12
Knowledge Area 3: Mechanics                                                                                                                                                          CO’s / DO’s                           Knowledge Area 3: Mechanics                                                                                                                                                            CO’s / DO’s                            Knowledge Area 3: Mechanics                                                                                                                                                              CO’s /
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  DO’s
     Time:                                                                                                                                            Context                                                                    Time:                                                                                                                                           Context                                                                          Time                                                                                                                                         Context
 4 weeks                                                                                                                                                                                                                     4 weeks

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Asses
                                                                                                                                                                                            Assess-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Assess-
          LO’s                                                                                                                                         AS’s          Core Content                                                     LO’s                                                                                                                                        AS’s            Core Content               s-                                     LO’s                                                                                                                                        AS’s         Core Content
                                                                                                                                                                                             ment                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ment
                                                                                                                                                                Motion in one                                                                                                                                                                                                              Force, momentum and                                                                                                                                                                                                           Motion in two
                                                                                                                                                                dimension:                                                                                                                                                                                                                 impulse:                                                                                                                                                                                                                      dimensions:
                                                       LO 3: The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  LO 3: The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                LO 3: The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment
                                                                                                                                                                •position, displacement,                                                                                                                                                                                                   •pairs of interacting objects                                                                                                                                                                                                 •projectile motion
                                                                                                                                                                distance;                                                                                                                                                                                                                  exert equal forces on each                                                                                                                                                                                                    represented in words,
                                                                                                                                                                •speed, average                                                                                                                                                                                                            other (Newton ’s Third Law);                                                                                                                                                                                                  diagrams, equations
                                                                                                                                                                velocity, instantaneous                                                                                                                                                                                                    •momentum;                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and graphs;
                                                                                                                                                                velocity;                                                                                                                                                                                                                  •a net force on an object                                                                                                                                                                                                     •conservation of
                                                                                                                                                                •acceleration;                                                                                                                                                                                                             causes a change in                                                                                                                                                                                                            momentum in 2D;
LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge
                                                                                                                                                                •description of motion in                                                                                                                                                                                                  momentum – if there is no                                                                                                                                                                                                     •frames of reference.
  LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills
                                                                                                                                                                words, diagrams,                                                                                                                                                                                                           net force on an                                                                                                                                                                                                               Work, power and
                                                                                                                                                                graphs and equations;                                                                                                                                                                                                      object/system its momentum                                                                                                                                                                                                    energy:
                                                                                                                                                                •frames of reference.                                                                                                                                                                                                      will not change (momentum                                                                                                                                                                                                     •when a force exerted




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Formal Assessment Programme
                                                                                                                                                                                             Formal Assessment Programme




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Formal Assessment Programme
                                                                                                                                                                Gravity and                                                                                                                                                                                                                will be conserved);                                                                                                                                                                                                           on an object causes it
                                                                                                                                                                mechanical energy:                                                                                                                                                                                                         •impulse (product of net                                                                                                                                                                                                      to move, work is done
                                                                                                                                                                •weight (force exerted                                                                                                                                                                                                     force and time for which it                                                                                                                                                                                                   on the object (except
                                                                                                                                                                by the earth on an                                                                                                                                                                                                         acts on an object,                                                                                                                                                                                                            if the force and
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                                                                                                                                                                object);                                                                                                                                                                                                                   momentum change);                                                                                                                                                                                                             displacement are at
                                                                                                                                                                •acceleration due to                                                                                                                                                                                                       •a net force causes an                                                                                                                                                                                                        right angles to each
                                                                                                                                                                gravity (acceleration                                                                                                                                                                                                      object to accelerate (Newton                                                                                                                                                                                                  other);
                                                                                                                                                                resulting from the force                                                                                                                                                                                                   ’s Second Law);                                                                                                                                                                                                               •the work done by an
                                                                                                                                                                exerted by the                                                                                                                                                                                                             •objects in contact exert                                                                                                                                                                                                     external force on an
                                                                                                                                                                earth);                                                                                                                                                                                                                    forces on each other (e.g.                                                                                                                                                                                                    object/system equals
                                                                                                                                                                •gravitational potential                                                                                                                                                                                                   normal force, frictional                                                                                                                                                                                                      the change in
                                                                                                                                                                energy;                                                                                                                                                                                                                    force);                                                                                                                                                                                                                       mechanical energy of
                                                                                                                                                                •kinetic energy;                                                                                                                                                                                                           •masses can exert forces on                                                                                                                                                                                                   the object/system;
                                                                                                                                                                •mechanical energy                                                                                                                                                                                                         each other (gravitational                                                                                                                                                                                                     •power (rate at which
                                                                                                                                                                (sum of gravitational                                                                                                                                                                                                      attraction)without being in                                                                                                                                                                                                   work is done).
                                                                                                                                                                potential energy and                                                                                                                                                                                                       contact, fields;
                                                                                                                                                                kinetic energy);                                                                                                                                                                                                           •force between two masses
                                                                                                                                                                •conservation of                                                                                                                                                                                                           (Newton ’s Law of Universal
                                                                                                                                                                mechanical energy (in                                                                                                                                                                                                      Gravitation);
                                                                                                                                                                the absence of                                                                                                                                                                                                             •moment of force,
                                                                                                                                                                dissipative forces).                                                                                                                                                                                                       mechanical advantage.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 PHYSICAL SCIENCES SUBJECT FRAMEWORK

                     Grade 10                                                                                                                                                                                                              Grade 11                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grade 12
Knowledge Area 4: Chemical Change                                                                                                                                                 CO’s / DO’s                          Knowledge Area 4: Chemical Change                                                                                                                                                 CO’s / DO’s                              Knowledge Area 4: Chemical Change                                                                                                                                             CO’s / DO’s

Time:                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Time:
                                                                                                                                                Context                                                                                                                                                                                                                Context                                                                      Time:                                                                                                                                    Context
6 wks                                                                                                                                                                                                                        6 wks

                                                                                                                                                                                        Assess-                                                                                                                                                                                                                Assess                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Assess
     LO’s                                                                                                                                        AS’s           Core Content                                                      LO’s                                                                                                                                  AS’s           Core Content                                                      LO’s                                                                                                                                 AS’s           Core Content
                                                                                                                                                                                         ment                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ment                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ment
                                                                                                                                                          Physical and Chemical                                                                                                                                                                                                  Quantitative aspects of                                                                                                                                                                                               Rate and Extent of
                                                                                                                                                          Change                                                                                                                                                                                                                 chemical change:                                                                                                                                                                                                      Reaction:
                                                                                                                                                          •Microscopic interpretation                                                                                                                                                                                            •atomic weights;                                                                                                                                                                                                      •rates of reaction and




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment
                                                                                                                                                          of macroscopic changes                                                                                                                                                                                                 •molecular and formula                                                                                                                                                                                                factors affecting rate
                                                       The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment




                                                                                                                                                          (for example changes in                                                                                                                                                                                                weights;                                                                                                                                                                                                              (nature of reacting
                                                                                                                                                          conductivity and                                                                                                                                                                                                       •determining the                                                                                                                                                                                                      substances,
                                                                                                                                                          temperature)                                                                                                                                                                                                           composition of                                                                                                                                                                                                        concentration [pressure
LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                       LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge
                                                                                                                                                          •Separation of particles in                                                                                                                                                                                            substances;                                                                                                                                                                                                           for gases], temperature
  LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills
                                                                                                                                                          decomposition and                                                                                                                                                                                                      •amount of substance                                                                                                                                                                                                  and presence of a
                                                                                                                                                          synthesis reactions                                                                                                                                                                                                    (mole),molar volume of                                                                                                                                                                                                catalyst);
                                                                                                                                                          •Conservation of atoms and                                                                                                                                                                                             gases, concentration;                                                                                                                                                                                                 •measuring rates of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 •stoichiometric
                                                                                                                                                                                         Formal Assessment Programme




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Formal Assessment Programme




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Formal Assessment Programme
                                                                                                                                                          mass.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        reaction;
                                                                                                                                                          •Law of constant                                                                                                                                                                                                       calculations.                                                                                                                                                                                                         •mechanism of reaction
                                                                                                                                                          composition                                                                                                                                                                                                            Energy and chemical                                                                                                                                                                                                   and of catalysis;
                                                                                                                                                          •Conservation of energy                                                                                                                                                                                                change:                                                                                                                                                                                                               •chemical equilibrium and
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                                                                                                                                                          •Volume relationships in                                                                                                                                                                                               •energy changes in                                                                                                                                                                                                    factors affecting
                                                                                                                                                          gaseous reactions.                                                                                                                                                                                                     reactions related to bond                                                                                                                                                                                             equilibrium;
                                                                                                                                                          Representing chemical                                                                                                                                                                                                  energy changes;                                                                                                                                                                                                       •equilibrium constant;
                                                                                                                                                          change                                                                                                                                                                                                                 •exothermic and                                                                                                                                                                                                       •application of equilibrium
                                                                                                                                                          •Balanced chemical                                                                                                                                                                                                     endothermic reactions;                                                                                                                                                                                                principles.
                                                                                                                                                          equations                                                                                                                                                                                                              •activation energy.                                                                                                                                                                                                   Electrochemical reactions:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Types of reaction:                                                                                                                                                                                                    •electrolytic and galvanic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 •acid-base and redox                                                                                                                                                                                                  cells;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       •relation of current and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 reactions;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       potential to rate and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 •substitution, addition and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       equilibrium;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 elimination.                                                                                                                                                                                                          •understanding of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       processes and redox
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       reactions taking place in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       cells;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       •standard electrode
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              LO 3:




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    LO 3:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       potentials;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       •writing of equations
                                                       LO 3:




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       representing oxidation and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       reduction half reactions and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       redox reactions.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       PHYSICAL SCIENCES SUBJECT FRAMEWORK

                     Grade 10                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grade 11                                                                                                                                                                                                              Grade 12
Knowledge Area 5: Waves, Sound                                                                                                                                                          CO’s / DO’s                          Knowledge Area 5: Waves, Sound                                                                                                                                                  CO’s / DO’s                         Knowledge Area 5: Waves, Sound and                                                                                                                                                   CO’s / DO’s
                  and Light                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and Light                                                                                                                                                                                                           Light

Time:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Time:
                                                                                                                                                Context                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Context                                                                     Time:                                                                                                                                   Context
4 wks                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4 wks

                                                                                                                                                                                              Assess-                                                                                                                                                                                                              Assess                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Assess-
     LO’s                                                                                                                                        AS’s             Core Content                                                               LO’s                                                                                                                             AS’s         Core Content                                                       LO’s                                                                                                                                AS’s           Core Content
                                                                                                                                                                                               ment                                                                                                                                                                                                                 -ment                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ment
                                                                                                                                                          Transverse pulses on a                                                                                                                                                                                                       Geometrical optics:                                                                                                                                                                                                 Doppler Effect (source
                                                       The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment
                                                                                                                                                          string or spring:                                                                                                                                                                                                            •lenses, image                                                                                                                                                                                                      moves relative to
                                                                                                                                                          •pulse length, amplitude,                                                                                                                                                                                                    formation, gravitational                                                                                                                                                                                            observer):
                                                                                                                                                          speed;                                                                                                                                                                                                                       lenses, spectacles, the                                                                                                                                                                                             •with sound and ultrasound;
                                                                                                                                                          •graphs of particle position,                                                                                                                                                                                                eye;                                                                                                                                                                                                                •with light – red shifts in the
                                                                                                                                                          displacement, velocity,                                                                                                                                                                                                      •telescopes, SALT;                                                                                                                                                                                                  universe (evidence for the
LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge
                                                                                                                                                          acceleration;                                                                                                                                                                                                                •microscopes.                                                                                                                                                                                                       expanding universe).
  LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills
                                                                                                                                                          •transmission and reflection at                                                                                                                                                                                              Longitudinal waves:                                                                                                                                                                                                 Colour:
                                                                                                                                                          a boundary between two                                                                                                                                                                                                       •on a spring;                                                                                                                                                                                                       •relationship to wavelength
                                                                                                                                                          springs (or strings);                                                                                                                                                                                                        •wavelength,                                                                                                                                                                                                        and frequency;
                                                                                                                                                          •relation of pulse speed to                                                                                                                                                                                                  frequency, amplitude,                                                                                                                                                                                               •pigments, paints;
                                                                                                                                                                                               Formal Assessment Programme




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Formal Assessment Programme




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Formal Assessment Programme
                                                                                                                                                          medium;                                                                                                                                                                                                                      period, wave speed;                                                                                                                                                                                                 •addition and subtraction of
                                                                                                                                                          •reflection from a fixed end                                                                                                                                                                                                 •particle position,                                                                                                                                                                                                 light.
                                                                                                                                                          and a free end;                                                                                                                                                                                                              displacement, velocity,                                                                                                                                                                                             2D and 3D wave fronts:
                                                                                                                                                          •superposition.                                                                                                                                                                                                              acceleration; •sound                                                                                                                                                                                                •diffraction;
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Day –by day




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Day –by day




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Day –by day
                                                                                                                                                          Transverse waves:                                                                                                                                                                                                            waves.                                                                                                                                                                                                              •interference (special kind of
                                                                                                                                                          •wavelength, frequency,                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sound:                                                                                                                                                                                                              superposition);
                                                                                                                                                          amplitude, period, wave                                                                                                                                                                                                      •pitch, loudness, quality                                                                                                                                                                                           •shock waves, sonic boom.
                                                                                                                                                          speed;                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (tone);                                                                                                                                                                                                             Wave nature of matter:
                                                                                                                                                          •particle position,                                                                                                                                                                                                          •physics of the ear and                                                                                                                                                                                             •de Broglie wavelength;
                                                                                                                                                          displacement, velocity,                                                                                                                                                                                                      hearing;                                                                                                                                                                                                            •electron microscope.
                                                                                                                                                          acceleration;                                                                                                                                                                                                                •ultrasound.
                                                                                                                                                          •standing waves with rent                                                                                                                                                                                                    Physics of music:
                                                                                                                                                          boundary conditions (free and                                                                                                                                                                                                •standing waves in
                                                                                                                                                          fixed end)as a kind of                                                                                                                                                                                                       different kinds of
                                                                                                                                                          superposition.                                                                                                                                                                                                               instruments.
                                                                                                                                                          Geometrical optics:
                                                                                                                                                          •light rays;
                                                                                                                                                          •reflection;
                                                                                                                                                          •refraction (change of wave
                                                                                                                                                          speed in different media);
                                                                                                                                                          •mirrors;
                                                       LO 3:




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    LO 3:




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        LO 3:
                                                                                                                                                          •total internal reflection, fibre
                                                                                                                                                          optics in endoscopes and
                                                                                                                                                          telecommunications.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              PHYSICAL SCIENCES SUBJECT FRAMEWORK

                    Grade 10                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Grade 11                                                                                                                                                                                                             Grade 12
Knowledge Area 6: Chemical                                                                                                                                                          CO’s / DO’s                                                                                                                                                                                                          CO’s / DO’s                                                                                                                                                                                                            CO’s / DO’s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Knowledge Area 6: Chemical Systems                                                                                                                                                                                 Knowledge Area 6: Chemical Systems
Systems
Time:                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Time:
  6                                                                                                                                             Context                                                                      6                                                                                                                                           Context                                                               Time:                                                                                                                                        Context
weeks                                                                                                                                                                                                                      weeks
                                                                                                                                                                                           Assess                                                                                                                                                                                                             Assess                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Assess-
     LO’s                                                                                                                                        AS’s            Core Content                                                     LO’s                                                                                                                                    AS’s          Core Content                                                LO’s                                                                                                                                     AS’s           Core Content
                                                                                                                                                                                            -ment                                                                                                                                                                                                              -ment                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ment
                                                                                                                                                          Global cycles:                                                                                                                                                                                                           Exploiting the                                                                                                                                                                                                     Chemical industry –
                                                                                                                                                          *The water cycle:                                                                                                                                                                                                        lithosphere/Earth ’s                                                                                                                                                                                               resources, needs and the
                                                                                                                                                          •Physical changes and
                                                       The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   The Nature of Science and its Relationships to Technology, Society and the Environment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   crust:                                                                                                                                                                                                             chemical connection:
                                                                                                                                                          energy transfers:                                                                                                                                                                                                        •mining and mineral                                                                                                                                                                                                •SASOL, fuels,
                                                                                                                                                          The movement of water
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   processing – gold, iron,                                                                                                                                                                                           monomers and polymers,
                                                                                                                                                          from the ocean and land
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   phosphate,(South Africa                                                                                                                                                                                            polymerisation;•the



                                                                                                                                                                                                                         LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge
LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            LO 2: Constructing and Applying Scientific Knowledge
                                                                                                                                                          surfaces as controlled by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ’s strengths);                                                                                                                                                                                                     chloralkali industry (soap,
  LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              LO1: Scientific Inquiry and Problem-solving Skills
                                                                                                                                                          energy
                                                                                                                                                          in sunlight. Reservoirs for                                                                                                                                                                                              environmental impact of                                                                                                                                                                                            PVC, etc);
                                                                                                                                                          water on Earth.                                                                                                                                                                                                          these activities;                                                                                                                                                                                                  •the fertiliser industry
                                                                                                                                                          •Macroscopic properties of                                                                                                                                                                                               •energy resources and                                                                                                                                                                                              (N,P,K).
                                                                                                                                                                                           Formal Assessment Programme




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Formal Assessment Programme




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Formal Assessment Programme
                                                                                                                                                          the three phases of water                                                                                                                                                                                                their use.                                                                                                                                                                                                         •batteries, torch, car, etc.
                                                                                                                                                          related to their microscopic                                                                                                                                                                                             The atmosphere:
                                                                                                                                                          structure.                                                                                                                                                                                                               •atmospheric chemistry;
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Day –by day




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Day –by day




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Day –by day
                                                                                                                                                          *The nitrogen cycle:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   •global warming and the
                                                                                                                                                          •Chemical changes and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   environmental impact of
                                                                                                                                                          energy transfers.
                                                                                                                                                          The movement of nitrogen                                                                                                                                                                                                 population growth.
                                                                                                                                                          between interrelated
                                                                                                                                                          biological and geological
                                                                                                                                                          systems.
                                                                                                                                                          •Industrial fixation of
                                                                                                                                                          nitrogen
                                                                                                                                                          The hydrosphere
                                                                                                                                                          *Its composition and
                                                                                                                                                          interaction with other global
                                                                                                                                                          systems.
                                                                                                                                                          *Ions in aqueous solution:
                                                                                                                                                          their interaction and effects.
                                                                                                                                                          •Electrolytes and extent of
                                                                                                                                                          ionization as measured by
                                                       LO 3:




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                LO 3:




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   LO 3:
                                                                                                                                                          conductivity
                                                                                                                                                          •Precipitation reactions.

								
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