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									                                  Water Zone
               A guide for teachers to the location of water-related topics
                        in the National Curriculum for England

This curriculum map will assist teachers when planning their teaching
programmes by:
    Showing what is required by the National Curriculum
    Providing suggestions for delivering stipulated topics
    Demonstrating the progression of understanding through the Key Stages

Using the map
Curriculum statements involving energy are grouped by their Key Stages, together with the
page reference(s) to the primary or secondary National Curriculum handbooks published by
DfES. Teaching and learning activities that deliver these requirements are also shown. Many
are appropriate for more than one subject.

Italicized text is used to indicate where:
      ESD is a stipulated requirement of a National Curriculum subject
      Learning activities can be used to deliver ESD

This format is based on a concept developed by the Aberdeen Environmental Education
Centre and is used with their kind permission.

         Teaching and Learning Activities              KS 1    Curriculum Links
Experiencing the fun of playing with water                                   Counting (p62)
Using water to make things move                                Maths         Calculations (p63)
Investigating water volume in different shapes                               Measures and capacity (p66)
and sizes of container

Counting wash basins and taps
Classifying hot and cold taps
Calculating if Taps = 2 x Basins                                             Water for life (p79)
Finding out how much cold water runs before                    Science       Land & water plants & animals
hot water comes through a “hot water” tap                                    (p79)
Working out how much water a person drinks                                   Effect of heating / cooling (p80)
each day
Listing other uses of water                                                  Grouping materials (p80)
Finding out where water comes from
Realising that water is a precious resource                                  Forces (p81)
and has to be paid for

Asking where plants get their water from
                                                               D&T           Water in food (p93)
Looking at features of aquatic and land animals                              Properties of materials (p80, 92)
and plants
                                                                             Inventors and water inventions
Watching a kettle boil and the steam condensing                              (p104)
back to water
Breathing on a cold window                                     History       Changes in family lifestyle (p104)
Watching ice melt and deciding if its mass
                                                               Geog          Observe and record features of the
Finding out why water is often added to foods                                environment (p 110, 111)
(e.g. orange squash, jelly, gravy and custard                                Geographical vocabulary (p110)
powder)                                                                      Fieldwork skills, maps and plans
Finding out about Roman aqueducts, water pipes                               Express views about places (p110)
and sewage systems                                                           Care of the environment (p23, 79,
Finding out how taps and cisterns work                                       111)
                                                                             What is unpleasant? What can be
Talking to the elderly about water sources and                               improved? (p23, 111, 137)
use in the past
                                                                             Weather (p110)
Visiting a local stream, pond                                                Environmental changes, cause and
Categorising by size and flow (puddle, pond,                                 effect (p111)
lake, sea, ditch, stream, river)
Deciding if the water environment being looked
                                                               Music         Water as a source of inspiration
                                                               and Art       (p119, 125)
Recording sunny days, rainy days
                                                                             Taking responsibility for
Knowing about flooding and drought
Investigating their effect on plant growth
                                                               PSHE &        themselves, others and the
                                                               Citizenship   environment (p23, 137)
Listening to Saint-Saëns: The Swan, The Aquarium
                                                                             Money and financial capability
(Carnival of Animals)
Flanders and Swann: Hippopotamus Song
Disney: Drip, drip, drip little April shower (Bambi)
                                                                             Health and well-being (p137)
Using water safely
Using water wisely
Taking action to improve water environments
         Teaching and Learning Activities           KS 2   Curriculum Links
Quantifying dripping taps – number, volume of                        Counting (p67)
wasted water per day                                       Maths     Calculations (p69)
Logging, calculating, displaying and                                 Capacity (p72)
interpreting school water consumption and costs                      Handling data (p73)
Investigation of blood                                               Water as a solvent (p87)
Investigation of water required for plant growth           Science   Transport within animals and plants
Tending plants                                                       (p85)
Observing the characteristic features of aquatic,
terrestrial, and amphibious animals                                  Adaptation to environment (p86)

Understanding that water is required for rotting                     Micro-organisms (p86)
(e.g. dried foods, sewage works,)
Effect of adding / removing heat from water                          Solids, liquids, gases (p87)
Does mass change when water is frozen / melted
/ boiled / condensed?                                                Reversible and non-reversible
Knowing why water extinguishes many types of                         changes (p87)
fire?                                                                Burning (p87)
                                                                     Separation techniques (p87)
Investigation materials for water-absorbency
Carrying out filtration and evaporation                              Properties of materials (p87, 95)
Watching reaction of water with plaster of Paris
Realising that water is used in industrial
processes e.g. making petrol, bricks and pottery
Knowing why is water used in cooking (e.g.
boiling potatoes and fruit, making bread)                            Gather, store, retrieve and
                                                           ICT       exchange information (p100)
Talking with older people how they kept
themselves and their clothes clean
                                                                     Features of periods and societies
Finding out how did people got water in the past           History   (p105)
and how clean it was
                                                                     Transport (p106)
Discussing drainage basin, estuary, flood plain,                     Domestic appliances (p107)
beach, sea, etc
Observing erosion and river pollution                                Vocabulary (p112)
Noting weather, measuring rainfall and its
                                                           Geog      Fieldwork and maps (p112)
                                                                     Describe and locate places (p113)
distribution through the year
Investigating the potential for rainwater
                                                                     Natural processes and man-made
harvesting at school
                                                                     changes (p113)
Being aware of reservoirs, pipelines, water and                      Effects of water on landscape
effluent treatment station and visiting local                        (p114)
examples                                                             Changes that damage / improve the
Understanding the need of a water supply for                         environment (p23, 113)
humans, crops and livestock, industry, etc                           Sustainability (p23, 113)
Investigating falling water as source of energy
                                                                     Water as a source of artistic
Understanding the significance of river                    Art and   inspiration (p121)
crossings, water transport, sea ports                      Music     Respond to non-musical starting
Knowing the longest rivers, seas and oceans,                         points (p127)
canals linking seas
Being inspired by the paintings of Monet,                            Water in artistic processes (p119)
Turner, Constable and the music of Debussy: La                       Swimming and outdoor adventure
Mer; Mendelssohn: Hebrides Overture Britten:               PE        (p133)
Four Sea Interludes (Peter Grimes)
                                                                     Symbolism of water in several
Using water-based paint, silk painting                     PSHE      faiths (p139)
Making pottery
Using water safety                                                   Taking responsibility (p23, 141)
Taking action to improve the environment
Involvement in school water management
         Teaching and Learning Activities           KS3   Curriculum Links
Investigating issues associated with siting new                     Speaking, listening and discussing
reservoirs for HEP or water supply                        English   (p46)
Using ICT-based information resources                               Drama (p47)
Using materials in a MFL that deal with water-                      Obtaining the basic information
based issues.                                                       (p50)
Drafting briefs for representative of different                     Writing to inform and persuade
groups at a planning enquiry.                                       (p52)
Role-playing to present and argue the case for
                                                                    Number (p58)
and against the new reservoir                             Maths     Volume (p67)
Staging a dramatic as an alternative way of
presenting the arguments                                  Science   Water essential to life (p106)
                                                                    Adaptation (p107)
Measuring water used in common activities (e.g.
bath)                                                               Environmental protection           and
Calculating school water consumption and                            sustainability (p25, 107)
confirming water bills
Converting consumption into more easily                             Solids, liquids and gases (p108)
visualised units, e.g. volume of classroom,                         Separation of mixtures (p108)
school hall.
Identification of water uses by the school and                      pH depends on water (109)
making proposals for its wiser use
                                                                    Balanced and unbalanced forces
Designing, building, calibrating, installing and                    (p110)
testing an automated rainfall gauge
Automatically logging and displaying rainfall                       Friction (p110)
Interpreting this data
Calculating the depth of rainfall required on the                   Design and build (p136)
school grounds to supply the school.                      D&T       Choice of materials (p136)
Deciding if harvested rain-water from roofs                         Environmental impact (p137)
would make a significant contribution to water
required for flushing toilets or irrigation
Deciding if a living (green) roof would be viable
Investigating potential for grey-water recycling
                                                                    Collect, analyse and evaluate data
Deciding if run-off from hard surfaces would be
                                                          ICT       (p144)
enough to water flower beds, etc.
                                                                    Monitor and control events (p144)
Rainfall, evaporation, biomes
Studying of organisms living in water, deserts,
                                                                    Presentations (p144)
Investigating irrigation of arid regions
                                                                    Technology (p151)
Devising computer programmes to control
                                                          History   Characteristic features of medieval
irrigation system in greenhouse
                                                                    period (p151)
                                                                    Change 1500-1750 (p151)
Investigating the causes and effects of local
                                                                    Industrialisation (p152)
flooding and soil erosion, together with ways of
reducing their occurrence
                                                                    Enquiry skills (p156)
                                                          Geog      Collect, record, analyse, and
Investigating dehydration as a preservative
e.g. desiccated fruit, salted foods, jams, timber,                 present fieldwork data (P156)
                                                                   Environmental issues, change and
Using a manometer                                                  management (p25, 157)
Finding out about the flow of water from                           Hazards (p158)
catchment to consumer, using gravity as well as
pumps (e.g. Thirlmere Aqueduct)                                    Effect of population and resources
                                                                   (p25, 158)
                                                                   Resource issues (p159)

                                                                   Climate, weather and the water
                                                                   cycle (p158)

                                                                   Knowledge of a different country
                                                     MFL           (p165)
Calculating surface/volume/friction relationships
in arteries, arterioles and capillaries.
Discovering if two pipes carry as much water as
one pipe of equal cross-sectional area?                            A range of starting points (p169,
Discussing how this influences the choice of         Art and       172)
diameter of mains water pipes                        Music
Being aware of cradle-to-grave water                               Water sports and outdoor activities
requirements of products                             PE            (p177-8)

Finding out about the inventions of Morice                         Diversity of religions (p184)
(public water supply), Harrington and Crapper        Citizenship
(sewage), Newcomen and Watt (drainage of                           Active involvement (p25, 184)
mines), Trevethick and Stephenson (steam

Investigating local distribution of (former) water
mills for grinding corn, fulling cloth, etc
Making a model of or visit water mill
Recognising the growth in capital that funded
land drainage e.g. the Fens
Finding out about water-driven machines in
factories e.g. forge bellows, water frame, looms

Being inspired by water

Understanding the symbolism of water in several

Practising swimming and water safety

Exercising responsibility for the wise use of
Taking practical action to conserve water and
aquatic habitats
         Teaching and Learning Activities           KS4   Curriculum Links
Investigating issues associated with siting new                     Speaking, listening and discussing
reservoirs for HEP or water supply                        English   (p46)
Using of ICT-based information resources                            Drama (p47)
Using materials in a MFL that deal with water-                      Obtaining the basic information
based issues.                                                       (p50)
Drafting briefs for representative of different                     Writing to inform and persuade
parties at a planning enquiry.                                      (p52)
Role-playing to present and argue the case for
and against a new reservoir                                         Measures (p80, 97)
Staging a dramatic play as an alternative way of          Maths     Collect, process, interpret data
presenting the arguments                                            (p82,98)
                                                                    Interpreting graphs (p77,92)
Quantifying the demand for clean water                              Water essential for a healthy life
Showing water consumption against month                   Science   (p115,124)
Surveying school water use                                          Water as a component of blood
Estimating water used by different activities in                    (p115,124)
the school and making proposals for its wiser                       Kidneys (p115,124)
use                                                                 Use of water in maintaining a
                                                                    constant    body      temperature
Understanding the many roles of water in                            (p115,124)
keeping humans healthy
Putting this understanding into practice                            Water as a medium for enzymes
                                                                    (p115, 124, 129)
Experimenting with wet and dry enzyme                               Water as a medium for diffusion
powders                                                             and osmosis (p124)
Experimenting with different concentrations of                      Role of water in photosynthesis and
reactants                                                           transpiration (p125)

Investigating osmosis, transpiration and                            Adaptation to the water regimes of
photosynthesis                                                      different habitats (p126)

Studying organisms living in water, deserts, etc                    Effect of concentration on rate of
                                                                    chemical reaction (p118,129)
Observing effects of water on soil and rocks
                                                                    Changes to Earth’s atmosphere and
Observing ripple tanks                                              oceans over time (p128)
                                                                    Role of water in formation and
Being aware that water required in                                  erosion of rocks (p128)
manufacturing from raw material to finished
product and during its use and disposal                             Water as a medium for modelling
                                                                    waves (p119)
Designing, building, calibrating, installing and
testing an automated a soil water-table sensor or                   Identify environmental impact of
a stream depth gauge                                      D&T       manufacture and use of products
Automatically logging and displaying water                          (p140)
table or stream depth data
Interpreting this data                                              Design and build (p139)
                                                                    Choice of materials (p139)
Using management of the public water supply,
                                                                    Automate processes (p146)
water treatment and sewage treatment systems as
an example of the application of ICT
                                                          ICT       ICT in the wider world (p147)
Visiting such control centres
                                                               Knowledge of a different country
                                                 MFL           (p165)
Being aware of the financial and environmental                 Water sports and outdoor activities
implications of water supply and waste water     PE            (p180)
Studying water-related problems around the                     Economic functions (p24, 185)
world                                            Citizenship   Global responsibilities to maintain
Exercising responsibility for the wise use of                  a sustainable environment for
water                                                          future generations (p25, 197)
Taking practical action to conserve water and                  Active involvement (p25, 185)
aquatic habitats

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