V, Cox April 2006 Writing to argue, persuade or advise Argue Persuade Advise Argue the case and fight for your point of view Persuade someone to do something Advise someone When Pamphlets Leaflets/Posters Recipes to Newspaper articles Speeches Manuals use Letters Letters it What Judgmental/Emotive language, e.g. ‘outrageous’, Use emphatic Language, e.g. ‘Of course’, Use imperatives - orders writin ‘disgraceful’ or ‘unbelievable’ ‘Naturally’, ‘Obviously’ Use prepositional phrases, e.g. g Variety of sentence lengths Use emotive Language ‘appalling’, ‘incredible’ ‘next to you’, ‘before you’ style Diplomatic, no blame - addressing of ‘people’ or ‘society’ - Use the second person to involve your audience Use mostly active sentences to known as third person generic Use short sentences for maximum impact Use a colon befpre lists use Subordinating clauses, e.g. ‘if’, ‘unless’ or ‘because’ Rhetorical devices (repetition, tripartite rule, Use the second person (you) Sequential connectives, e.g. ‘First’, ‘Secondly’ etc parallel structures, alliteration, personal Use connectives to sequence involvement, audience involvement, rhetorical things , e.g. ‘First, ‘Secondly’ questions etc.) etc How Begins with a powerful statement about position followed Begin with a powerful and clear statement Sequential to by topic sentences with supporting points via PEEL Present your argument Clear unfussy central layout struc Clear summary and dramatic final statement for impact. Elaborate on your argument Easy to scan for next ture Sustained point of view for the reader Repeat your argument and statement instruction it Example task: write a news article arguing for the Summarise Example task: write an advice reduction in school hours Conclude clearly sheet for people with asthma In a world where independent study is increasingly Example task: write a speech addressing school So you have asthma. There is valued, is it not appalling that pupils still spend far too governors on the subject of the abolishing of nothing to worry about but there many hours within school on valueless activities? uniform. are some precautions you need to Firstly, society expects our children to cope with Parents, teachers and school governors, I am take: numerous lessons and hours spent in an uncomfortable speaking to you this evening in an effort to Firstly, avoid respiratory learning environment. The expectations of passing too convince you that our school should abolish school infections where possible many exams with too little study time is outdated and uniform. Then, always remember to take barbaric. If we continue to jail our children in Have you ever wondered why we wear uniform? your preventative inhaler as suffocating, ugly classrooms how can we expect them to Nurses, school children and prisoners have this in advised by your doctor succeed? common – uniform. Instead of being the same, we Always keep your blue inhaler next Finally, children are treated as second class citizens; should be different. Instead of looking the same, to you not allowed to use the toilet, forced to remain silent and we should look different. Instead of being one Finally, contact your G.P. or even made to perform in front of their peers. This cannot go mass of pupils, we should be allowed to be the the hospital if you are concerned. on. individuals that we really are.