NAIROBI HOUSEHOLD TRAVEL PATTERNS SURVEY, 2004 - PowerPoint by opu51557

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									NAIROBI HOUSEHOLD
TRAVEL PATTERNS
SURVEY, 2004
Eric Aligula
Infrastructure and Economic Services Division
Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis

Transport Performance Indicators Workshop
12 – 14th June 2006
Mount Amanzi Resort, Hartbeesport, South Africa
Background
Information
NAIROBI’S EXPANSION SINCE 1900
                                            CENTRAL PROVINCE
                                                                            A

                                                                                    Ruiru
                                                         A



             Kikuyu



    A

                                                                                        Ko
                                                                                             ma r c k
                           D                                                                     o R oa d
                                        C         A
                                              B




                                                                          EASTERN PROVINCE

A
                                                                                                                  A            Towns
                                                                                                                               Main roads
        Ngong                                                                                                                  Railways
                                                                                                            Nairobi boundary
                                                                                                                               1900
                                                                      N
                      RIFT VALLEY                                               Athi River                                     1920
         A                                                                                                                     1927
                                                                                                                               1963
                      Kiserian
                                                                                A


         5             0            5                 10 Kilometers


                                                                                                                                        3
Nairobi (pre-Independence Location)
                                                                                                                                                                                    e r




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                       M a th a re R iv e r                                                                                                                                                   a   thu




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                                                                                            M                           167 5
                                                                                                t




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                                                                                                h

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                     50                                                                                                     %
                                                                                                                            [
                   17                                                                                                           %
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                                                                  go




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                                                                                                     $
                                                         a
                                                    hw




                                                                                                                                                                                     r
                                              K ir i
                                                     c                                              The                                                       N a ir o b i R i v e
                                                                                                    Hill                                %
                                                                                                                                        U
                                                                                                                    V
                                                                                                                    &               U
                                                                                                                                    %
                                                                                                                                        [
                                                                                                                                        %                                                                             N
                                                                                                                                        Ra il wa y
                                                                                                                                        S tati o n
  K ir i c h w
                 a K
                     u bw a




                                                                                                                                                                                                            1675      Contours
                                                                                                                                         U
                                                                                                                                         %           Sh opp in g c en tres
                                                                       N g o n g R iv e r
                                                                                                                                         [
                                                                                                                                         %           Go v ernm en t H ous ing
                                                                                                                                Railw ay Hou s in g
                                                                                                                                         $
                                                                                                                                         T           Railw ay Hou s in g

                                                                                                                                         V
                                                                                                                                         &           Se nior Ra ilway H ous ing
                                                                                                                                                     Con tou rs
                                                                                                                                                     Railw ay s
                                                                                                                                                     Riv e rs
                                                                                                                                                     Swa mp s

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4
5
   Population Dynamics of Case Study Area
25,000,000                                                                  70,000,000
                    Total Urban
                                                                            60,000,000
20,000,000          Nairobi's population
                    Total National Population                               50,000,000

15,000,000                                                                  40,000,000

10,000,000                                                                  30,000,000

                                                                            20,000,000
 5,000,000
                                                                            10,000,000

        0                                                                   0
             1962    1969     1979     1989     1999   2010   2020   2030        6
Junction /     Arm         Arm Name           No. of      Total No.   Width Per      Total      Design     Volume     V/Q     Remarks
Intersection   No.                            Lanes       Of Lanes      Lane        Width of   Capacity(   Flow (V)
                                               (One                     (One       Carriagew    Q) Pcu     Pcu (H)
                                             Direction)               Direction)     ay(m)       (H)


Langata /       1    Uhuru Highway North         3           6           3.5          21         2000       3793      1.897   Inadequate
Uhuru
                2    Lusaka Road                 2           4           3.5          14         1000       2150      2.15    Inadequate
Highway
                3    Mombasa Road                2           4           3.5          14         1000       3748      3.748   Inadequate
                4    Langata Road                2           4           3.5          14         1000       2588      2.588   Inadequate
Bunyala /       1    Uhuru Highway North         3           6           3.5          21         2000       4760      2.38    Inadequate
Uhuru
                2    Bunyala Road E              2           4           3.5          14         1000       3105      3.105   Inadequate
Highway
                3    Uhuru Highway S             3           6           3.5          21         2000       3879      1.939   Inadequate
                4    Aerodrome Road              2           2           3.5          7          950         339      0.357   Adequate
                5    Bunyala Road W/ Lower       1           2           3.5          7          600        1282      2.136   Inadequate
                     Hill
Haile           1    Haile Selassie Avenue       3           6           3.5          21         2000       4520      2.26    Inadequate
Selassie /           Ne
Uhuru
                2    Uhuru Highway Se            3           6           3.5          21         2000       5380      2.69    Inadequate
Highway
                3    Haile Selassie Avenue       2           4           3.5          14         1000       2395      2.395   Inadequate
                     Sw
                4    Uhuru Highway Nw            3           6           3.5          21         2000       3493      1.746   Inadequate
Kenyatta        1    Kenyatta Avenue Ne          3           6           3.5          21         2000       3602      1.801   Inadequate
Avenue /
                2    Uhuru Highway Se            3           6           3.5          21         2000       3128      1.564   Inadequate
Uhuru
Highway         3    Kenyatta Avenue Sw          3           6           3.5          21         2000       3204      1.602   Inadequate
                4    Uhuru Highway Nw            3           6           3.5          21         2000       3195      1.598      7
                                                                                                                              Inadequate
Junction /     Arm          Arm Name        No. of      Total No.   Width Per     Total      Design     Volume     V/Q     Remarks
Intersection   No.                          Lanes       Of Lanes      Lane       Width of   Capacity(   Flow (V)
                                             (One                     (One       Carriage    Q) Pcu     Pcu (H)
                                           Direction)               Direction)   way(m)       (H)
University      1    University Way            3           6           3.5         21         2000       2584      1.292   Inadequate
Way / Uhuru
                2    Uhuru Highway S           3           6           3.5         21         2000       3663      1.832   Inadequate
Highway
                3    State House Road          3           6           3.5         21         2000       1658      0.829   Adequate
                4    Uhuru Highway North       3           6           3.5         21         2000       4608      2.304   Inadequate
Museum Hill     1    Museum Hill Road          1           2           3.5          7         600        2426      4.043   Inadequate
                2    Uhuru Highway Se          3           6           3.5         21         2000       4911      2.456   Inadequate
                3    Chiromo Road              3           6           3.5         21         2000       4612      2.306   Inadequate
Westlands       1    Waiyaki Way               2           4           3.5         14         1000       3959      3.959   Inadequate
                2    Ring Road Westalnds       2           4           3.5         14         1000       1022      1.022   Inadequate
                     East
                3    Chiromo Road South        3           6           3.5         21         2000       4712      2.356   Inadequate
                4    Ring Road Westlands       1           2           3.5          7         600         709      1.182   Inadequate
                     West
Globe           1    Muranga Road              3           6           3.5         21         2000       6018      3.009   Inadequate
Cinema R/A
                2    Kirinyaga Road            1           2           3.5          7         600        1199      1.998   Inadequate
                3    Tom Mboya Street          2           4           3.5         14         1000       4694      4.694   Inadequate
                4    Slip Road                 1           2           3.5          7         600        2108      3.513   Inadequate
                5    Kijabe Road               1           2           3.5          7         600         395      0.658   Adequate
                6    Kipande Road              1           2           3.5          7         600        1366      2.277      8
                                                                                                                           Inadequate
Location of Case Study Area
(including Traffic Zones)




                              9
TRAFFIC CENSUS CORDON POINTS                                                                                                                                   )
                                                                                                                                                                        Ru ir u

                                                                  Ki a mb u
                                                                                          )
                                                                                                                                                 Y
                                                                                                                                               KAH A W A BAR R A CK S-
                                                                                                                                               KEN Y AT T A UN I VE R SI T Y

                                                RU A KA   Y                                                 R O Y SA M BU /
               Ki ku yu                                                                                      T H I KA R D
                                                                              KI AM BU
                                                                                          Y                             Y
              NA IV AS H A-KI KU Y U R D
        Y
    )                                                  UN I T ED N AT IO N S
                                                               G IG IR I      Y          KI AM BU


                                                                                              Y                               Y
                                                                                                                  Y                                                                        K O M AR O C K R D-
                                                                                                          JUJA                                                                        KAN G U N DO R D J U N CT I O N
                                                                                                       O U T ER I N G

                                                                                                                                                                                                               Y
                                               YY
                                                DA G O R ET T I                      Y                                                                                                N
                             KAR E N             C OR N E R

                               Y                                                 LAN G AT A
                                                                               O U N D AB O U T
               Y    BU LBU L

                                                Y     BO M A S MA G A D I
                                                       R O U N D A BO UT

                                                                                                                                       M O M BA SA R D
)                                                                                                                                 Y   EXI T IN G N A IR O BI

        Ng o ng

                                                                                                                                                                                  )       Urban centres

                                                                                                                                                                                          Cordon points
                                                                                                                                                                                  Y
                                                                                                                                                                                          Prov incial boundary
                                                                                                                                                                                          Main roads
    Ki se ri a n

                      )


                                                                                                                                                        Ath i R iv er
                                   4       0                 4                      8    Kilom eters                                                                       )
                                                                                                                                                                                                            10
Selected Findings

Nairobi Travel Patterns Survey
      Household Expenditures on Transport
700                                                                                                         35
               32.6                           FREQUENCY                     VALID PERCENT
600                                                                                                         30


500                                                                                                         25

                                   21.3
400                                                                                                         20
                                                                              18.4
            663                                          16.4
300                                                                                                         15

                                433                                                               11.2
200                                                                        375                              10
                                                      334

100                                                                                            228          5


  0                                                                                                         0
      Less than 10% of   11 to 15% of Total    16 to 20% of Total   21 to 30% of Total   more than 30% of
      Total Household        Household             Household            Household        Total Household
        Expenditure         Expenditure           Expenditure          Expenditure         Expenditure 12
     Household Expenditures on Transport
                                                                            MEAN MONTHLY
                                                                     % OF
                       LESS                           MORE                  TRANSPORT
                              11 TO   16 TO   21 TO                 TOTAL
TRAFFIC ZONE           THAN                           THAN   NO.            EXPENDITURE PER
                               15%     20%     30%                 HOUSEH
                        10%                            30%                  HOUSEHOLD (IN
                                                                    OLDS
                                                                            KSHS)
Langata                 10     1       1       1             14     0.7              5,982.73
Karen                   4      2       2       2              9     0.4             14,550.00
Waithaka                10     7       9       15      10    50     2.5              3,678.26
Riruta/Kawangware       38     35      30      39      33    177    8.7              3,089.09
Woodley                 9      4       3       4       2     23     1.1              4,409.63
Lower Kibera            26     12      12      13      11    74     3.6              2,527.01
Ngumo/Kenyatta          61     39      16      14      11    142    7.0              3,397.52
Nairobi West/South C    10     8       9       3       1     31     1.5              8,006.45
Nairobi South/Hazina    10     9       7       5       2     33     1.6              9,647.59
Embakasi/Imara
                        13     10      6       8       3     40     2.0              3,770.35
Daima
Ruai/Njiru              8      2       4       6       11    31     1.5              3,012.26
Dandora/Kariobangi
                        35     22      22      33      17    130    6.4              2,686.18
South                                                                                13
      Household Expenditures on Transport
                                                                                 MEAN MONTHLY
                                                                          % OF
                            LESS                           MORE                  TRANSPORT
                                   11 TO   16 TO   21 TO                 TOTAL
TRAFFIC ZONE                THAN                           THAN   NO.            EXPENDITURE PER
                                    15%     20%     30%                 HOUSEH
                             10%                            30%                  HOUSEHOLD (IN
                                                                         OLDS
                                                                                 KSHS)
Kariobangi North/Huruma      40     32      37      30      27    167    8.2              2,144.78
Kayole/Umoja/Komarock        48     35      33      31      21    167    8.2              3,479.79
Eastleigh South/Mathare      65     51      23      34      9     183    9.0              2,461.94
Buru Buru/Makadara           48     31      19      25      8     130    6.4              3,420.00
Viwandani/Mukuru             42     30      18      22      8     120    5.9              2,022.62
Kasarani/Mwiki               39     23      29      35      30    156    7.7              3,825.29
Roysambu/Garden              7      3       3       10      4     28     1.4              8,049.26
Kahawa/Githurai              19     11      12      17      13    72     3.5              3,747.40
Highridge                    28     10      6       2       1     46     2.3              5,565.63
Westlands                    12     7       4       5       2     30     1.5              5,479.06
Kangemi                      32     19      13      9       2     75     3.7              5,542.57
Kamukunji/Starehe            29     22      9       9       1     70     3.4              4,232.54
Kilimani                     14     5       5       1             24     1.2              6,850.97
Central Business District    5      2       1       1       0      9     0.4              2,719.23

                                                                                          14
MODAL SPLIT
                                                                   Private car
                                                                       529
 Walking
                                                                      7.3%
  3,452
 47.8%




                                                                                    Matatu
                                                                                    2,592
 Other                                                                              35.9%
  117
 1.6%
                                                                          Kenya Bus Service
                                                                                 184
         School transport                                                       2.6%
               150
              2.1%
                                                                           Metro Shuttle
                                                                                38
    Kenya Railways                                                             0.5%
          37                                           Other city buses
                            Company transport
        0.5%                                    Taxi          19
                                  88
                                                 11         0.3%
                                 1.2%                                                  15
                                                0.2%
      MODAL SPLIT BY GENDER
                                                     Male                   Female

                     0%   10%   20%          30%          40%   50%   60%    70%           80%          90%   100%

          Walking                    1,679                                       1,773

       Private car                         294                                            235

           Matatu                       1,442                                         1,150

Kenya Bus Service                            110                                              75

     Metro Shuttle              14                                          24

  Other city buses                         11                                             9

             Taxi                                           9                                            2

Company transport                               54                                            35

  Kenya Railways                        19                                            17

  School transport                    73                                             77

            Other                                    85                                            32         16
DAILY TRIP GENERATION
ATTRIBUTE              DAY ONE          DAY TWO           DAY THREE      PERIOD
                                                                         AVERAGE
Mean Daily Trip             4.47              4.27               4.13    4.29
Generation (no. of
trips/person)
Standard Deviation          2.10              2.12               2.11    2.11
of Daily Trip
Generation (no. of
trips/person)
Average Total Daily         64.84            61.94              64.52    63.77
Waiting Times (in
minutes/person)



                          Estimated Total Number of Daily Trips
                      (including public transport accessibility trips)
                                    11,039,352                                   17
TRIP GENERATION BY TRAFFIC ZONES




                                   18
TRIP GENERATION BY TRAFFIC ZONES




                                   19
TRIP GENERATION BY TRAFFIC ZONES




                                   20
ORIGIN-DESTINATION PATTERNS




                              21
CORRIDOR UTILISATION
                                                         VEHICLE TRAFFIC
                       NUMBER OF PASSENGERS                   VOLUME
                                       Public Vehicle   Private   Public Vehicle
MAIN CORRIDOR         Private Cars %           %         Cars %           %
Langata Road              33.0             67.0          80.0         20.0
Mombasa Rd Average        31.0             69.0          76.0         24.0
Jogoo Road Average        13.0             87.0          56.0         44.0
Juja Road                  9.0             91.0          46.0         54.0
Thika Road Average        14.0             86.0          49.0         51.0
Kiambu Road               23.0             77.0          62.0         38.0
Limuru Road               31.0             69.0          70.0         30.0
Waiyaki Way-average       26.0             74.0          72.0         28.0
Ngong Road-average        21.0             79.0          67.0         33.0
Mbagathi/Valley Rd        41.0             59.0          87.0         13.0
Grand Total               417.0           1483.0        1217.0        683.0
Overall Average           22.0             78.0          64.0         36.0
                                                                              22
                             0
                                 10
                                      20
                                           30
                                                40
                                                     50
                                                          60
                                                                                                     70
                                                                                                                                                    80
                                                                                                                                                         90
                 Langata


                   Karen


                Waithaka


      Riruta/Kawangware


                 Woodley


            Lower Kibera


         Ngumo/Kenyatta


     Nairobi West/South C


     Nairobi South/Hazina


 Embakasi/Imara Daima


                Ruai/Njiru

      Dandora/Kariobangi
            South

            Kariobangi
           North/Huruma

Kayole/Umoja/Komarock

             Eastleigh
           South/Mathare

     Buru Buru/Makadara
                                                               Percentage of Households w ith Cars




       Viwandani/Mukuru
                                                                                                          Percentage of Households w ith Bicycles




          Kasarani/Mwiki


       Roysambu/Garden


         Kahawa/Githurai


                Highridge


               Westlands


                Kangemi


      Kamukunji/Starehe
                                                                                                                                                              VEHICLE OWNERSHIP PATTERNS




23




                 Kilimani

        Central Business
             District
    MODE SELECTION CRITERIA BY GENDER
                                                             Male                            Female

Comprehensiveness of route network                               261                                  87

    Crew Hospitability and behaviour                                309                               90

                    Music in vehicles                                173                                   42

          Flexibility / Manoeuvrability                             320                               92

            Speed (short travel time)                                785                               199

                  Regularity (on time)                               632                               158

      Frequency (short waiting time)                                812                               236

       Comfort (cleanliness, seating)                               653                               183

             Reliability (dependable)                               787                               218

                              Security                           602                                  182

             Safety on board vehicle                                721                               212

            Fares / Costs / Expenses                             989                                  301

                         Accessibility                           1,237                                365

                                          0%   10%   20%   30%      40%    50%   60%   70%     80%     90% 24100%
                        0
                            2
                                    4
                                            6
                                                    8
                                                            10
                                                                       12
                                                                                     14




                            1
        Accessibility




                            1
                                2
      Fares / Costs /
        Expenses




                                2
                                                6
     Safety on board
                                                                                          GENDER

         vehicle




                                            5
                                                            9
            Security
                                                                           Male




                                                        8




                                        4
         Reliability
       (dependable)
                                        4
           Comfort
                                                    7




        (cleanliness,
                                                    7




           seating)
                                    3




   Frequency (short
     waiting time)
                                    3
                                                                           Female




                                                        8




 Regularity (on time)
                                                            9




                                            5




 Speed (short travel
        time)
                                                6
                                                                 10




       Flexibility /
     Manoeuvrability
                                                                 10
                                                                                    13




   Music in vehicles
                                                                                    13


                                                                      11




  Crew Hospitability
   and behaviour
                                                                      11
                                                                                          RANKING OF MODE SELECTION CRITERIA BY




25
                                                                              12




Comprehensiveness
 of route network
                                                                              12
       HOUSEHOLD PREFERENCE OF TRANSPORT
       MODES
                                  NISSAN   MINIBUS   BUSTRAC    METRO               COMMUTE
                                                                         CITY BUS              TAXIS   OTHER
                                 MATATUS   MATATUS      K      SHUTTLE               R TRAIN

Accessibility                      6.4       5.0       3.8       1.4       1.5        1.2       2.3     2.9

Speed (short travel time)          6.4       5.2       3.6       4.1       2.8        1.9       5.0     2.2

Frequency (short waiting time)     6.2       4.8       3.5       2.6       2.1        1.6       3.9     2.6

Flexibility / Manoeuvrability      6.1       4.8       2.8       2.7       2.3        1.5       4.9     3.0

Regularity (on time)               5.6       4.7       3.9       3.7       2.4        2.9       4.3     2.4

Reliability (dependable)           5.3       4.6       4.6       3.8       2.6        2.5       3.5     2.8

Comfort (cleanliness, seating)     5.3       4.8       3.9       5.9       3.1        2.0       5.1     1.9

Comprehensiveness of route
                                   5.1       4.7       5.2       3.6       2.9        2.9       4.0     2.3
network

Safety on board vehicle            4.4       4.5       5.1       5.2       3.4        3.2       4.0     1.8

Crew Hospitability and
                                   4.1       4.2       5.6       5.6       3.6        3.5       4.9     1.3
behaviour

Fares / Costs / Expenses           3.8       4.3       4.6       1.9       3.2        4.5       1.4     2.3

Security                           3.6       3.9       5.2       4.4       3.3        3.5       3.0     1.7

Music in vehicle                   3.2       3.0       3.1       3.4       2.3        2.1       3.4     1.1

Overall                            5.0       4.5       4.2       3.7       2.7        2.6       3.8     2.2


                                         8 Most Preferred 0 Least Preferred                            26
VEHICLE OPERATING CREW RESULTS

CHARACTERISTIC                      DRIVER (N=455)   CONDUCTOR (N=455)
Mean Age                                 37.6              30.8
                 Male                    99.8              97.6
Gender
                 Female                  0.2                2.4
                 Married                 93                70.5
Marital Status   Single                  6.7               29.5
                 Widow/widower           0.2
                 Primary                 34.5              27.6

Highest          Secondary               55.7              65.8
Educational      College                 8.7                6.2
Level Attained   University              0.7                0.5
                 Other                   0.4
Average          In household            3.7                2.8
Number of
Dependants       Not in household        3.7                3.2
                                                                         27
VEHICLE OPERATING CREW RESULTS


                NUMBER OF HOURS WORKED

OPERATIVE
            BEFORE NEW          AFTER NEW
            REGULATIONS        REGULATIONS


DRIVER         15.2                15


CONDUCTOR      15.1                15




                                             28
  VEHICLE OPERATING CREW RESULTS

                    DRIVERS
                                                 CONDUCTORS

TERMS OF      Before           After        Before            After
EMPLOYMENT
             No     %     No.          %   No.     %     No.          %

Permanent    73    18.4   84       19.2    45     12.7   63       15.6
Contract     38    9.6    41       9.4     38     10.8   45       11.1
Casual       278   70.2   310      70.8    266    75.4   295      72.8
Other        7     1.8    3        0.7     4      1.1    2        0.5

                                                                      29
      URBAN TRANSPORT SYSTEM PERFORMANCE
      Casualty Index
3.5
          Fatal Accidents          Serious Accidents/Injuries          Slight Accidents
 3

2.5

 2

1.5

 1

0.5      1.1                1.1             1.0                 0.9             1.0

 0
         2000               2001           2002                 2003           2004
                                                                                      30
URBAN TRANSPORT SYSTEM PERFORMANCE
Casualty Index




                                 31
   URBAN TRANSPORT SYSTEM PERFORMANCE
   Per Capita Fuel Utilization (Kshs per Passenger)

                 0           10   20      30      40      50        60        70     80        90



  Private Cars                                    84.12




Nissan Matatus        12.73        Private Cars    Nissan Matatus        Minibuses   Buses




    Minibuses        11.41




        Buses        10.05

                                                                                          32
    URBAN TRANSPORT SYSTEM PERFORMANCE
    Cost of Poor Intersection Performance

Total Estimated Annual
 Loss (as a % of Gross       1.79
  Domestic Product)



  Total Estimated Loss
(as a % of Development                                19.93
      Expenditure)



Total Estimated Annual
    Loss (as a% of                  4.91
  Recurrent Budget)


                         0          5      10   15   20       33   25
Measures to Make Transport
Affordable
MEASURE TO MAKE TRANSPORT AFFORDABLE          NO.       FREQUENCY
Address PSV operational cost/Insurance          59             30.3
Reduce taxation and other levies on PSVs        49             25.1
Improve infrastructure                          46             23.6
Government direct control of fares              14              7.2
Address Police corruption and route cartels     12              6.2
Others                                          11              5.6
Re-introduce State owned PT company                 2           1.0
Pursue dialogue with Operators                      2           1.0
TOTAL                                          195            100.0



                                                                    34
Measures to Make Transport
Affordable
                          5    4    3    2    1    INDEX


Cost of fuel              41   12   2    6    1    271.0
Cost of Spare parts       23   17   15   4    2    236.0
State of road             25   14   12   6    6    229.1
infrastructure
PSV regulation            14   15   15   12   5    199.1
Traffic Police            11   11   18   14   6    181.1
Capital cost of vehicle   14   10   16   6    10   170.2
Cost of labour            3    5    19   15   12   122.2
Route network             5    11   12   7    21   119.4
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