ANG PAHAYAGAN NG PARTIDO KOMUNISTA NG PILIPINAS
Vol. XXXII No. 10 English Edition October 2002
Raise the level of the growing
patriotic united front
he Communist Party of the Philippines and the To attain this, Macapagal-Arroyo relentlessly advances
revolutionary forces welcome the emergence and the presence of US troops in the country through successive
rapid expansion of the patriotic united front that military exercises involving American soldiers and is
resists American military presence and the Macapagal- pushing for the ratiﬁcation of the Mutual Logistics Support
Arroyo regime’s blind obedience to every directive and Agreement (MLSA).
policy of US imperialism. The regime has given its all-out support for US
The Party recognizes the big potential of the patriotic imperialism’s arrogant and arbitrary foreign policy,
united front not only in resisting the burning issues of US especially its plans to wage war on Iraq. With the exception
military intervention, but also in further strengthening of United Kingdom Prime Minister Tony Blair, Macapagal-
the movement to terminate Macapagal-Arroyo’s puppet Arroyo is alone in her zealous support for such US plans.
rule. Even before the US had requested it, the puppet regime had
Macapagal-Arroyo’s servility to US imperialism, already offered the use of Philippine airspace and airports
especially to warmonger US President George W. Bush’s by the US military without the slightest consideration for
“war against terrorism” is despicable. Macapagal-Arroyo the national interest.
is in a mad scramble to obtain (a) economic aid to shore The Macapagal- Arroyo’s blind devotion to US
up the tottering economy; (b) military support to push the imperialism, the ravaging of Philippine sovereignty and
counterrevolutionary all-out war; and (c) political support the thorough disregard for national honor have
especially for her plan to run as stoked the ﬁres of patriotism among
president in 2004. broad numbers of the people.
Even traditional politicians,
including some from Macapagal-
Arroyo’s party, church people, the
media and independent personali-
ties have been impelled to oppose
her. Among them is Vice Pres.
Teoﬁsto Guingona, who was booted
out of the Department of Foreign
Affairs for actively opposing the
MLSA, Balikatan, the “all-out war”
and the “war against terrorism” in
unity with the national democratic
TOP STORY: SUCCESSFUL TACTICAL OFFENSIVES OF THE NPA - see page 4
Published by the Central Committee of Communist Party of the Philippines
This was starkly demonstrated on resolute resistance to US imperialism’s expose and oppose the widespread
September 16 in a gathering attended subjugation of Philippine national poverty and overall economic crisis
by the senators who voted against the sovereignty. The patriotic and demo- it engenders.
military bases in 1991 along with some cratic united front will wield as its We must likewise encourage the
congressmen, progressives and demo- main weapon the launching nationwide patriotic forces to steadfastly resist
cratic organizations and personalitities. of massive protest actions, drawing in the fascist policies attendant to the
(See related article on p.3) the various sectors and social strata. US “war against terrorism”, including
The patriotic united front is bound In accordance with the patriotic the proposed anti-“terrorism” law that
to expand even further. With the pas- agenda, the MLSA must be discarded aims to suppress the Filipino people’s
sage of time, there is more and more along with the Visiting Forces Agree- basic civil rights.
loathing for Macapagal-Arroyo’s blind ment and other unequal treaties that The patriotic and democratic uni-
obedience to the Bush doctrine, which advocate US interventionism and ted front is imbued with much rel-
is being criticized and condemned by a hegemonism. We must demand an evance. It is comparable to the broad
growing number of states and peoples end to military exercises and the pres- popular unity against the US military
the world over. Macapagal-Arroyo’s ence of American troops, push for the bases that led to the rejection of the
isolation from the broad masses of the resumption of peace negotiations with military treaty’s renewal in 1991. In
Filipino people is thus worsening. the NDF and oppose all US moves fact, this patriotic front may encompass
The revolutionary forces must that imperil the peace talks. We must even bigger numbers as there are
redouble their efforts in further call for an end to US warmongering currently so many burning issues that
expanding and strengthening the patri- against Iraq and the withdrawal of the expose the imperialist oppression of
otic and democratic united front. Patri- Macapagal-Arroyo regime’s support the Philippines and the puppetry of
otic struggles in the Philippines must for this unjust war. the neocolonial republic.
also be linked to the patriotic struggles Within the framework of a broad In waging all-out action and resis-
of peoples of other countries. patriotic front, we must encourage the tance, the patriotic united front may
We must set ablaze the spirit of middle forces to advance the concrete play a big role in frustrating Macapa-
militant patriotism, the active and demands of the basic masses against gal-Arroyo’s attempts to remain in
imperialist plunder and oppression. power beyond 2004. A powerful mass
ANG The patriotic movement may even now be generated
united front must to put an end to the puppet Macapagal-
CONTENTS highlight the issues Arroyo regime. It would be fine if
Vol. XXXII No. 10 October 2002
of economic sov- Macapagal-Arroyo’s successor were
1 Editorial: Raise the level of the growing patriotic ereignty and the to stand for a program advocating
united front oppressive policies national sovereignty and freedom in
of imperialist “glo- the economic, political and military
3 Guingona’s voice of patriotism
balization” and realms.
Military bases ouster commemorated
4 Successful tactical offensives of the NPA
5 Bush warmongering against Iraq continues ; ANNOUNCEMENT
(6)Bush: Hitler, threat to peace; (6) US: Threat
to the security and independence of nations; (6)
Opposition to war on Iraq spreads
The Party has relaunched its website on the internet.
7 The Arroyo couple’s scandalous corruption Called the “Philippine Revolution Web Central,” it will carry
8 The Mike Arroyo-NAD conspiracy the latest issues of Ang Bayan, statements, revolutionary
9 Correspondence reports: Land-occupation in publications and other information about the Party and the
northwestern Leyte revolutionary organizations in the Philippines.
Managed by the CPP Information Bureau, the website is
10 Capitulation and criminality of the RPM-RPA-ABB
found at www.philippinerevolution.org. Everyone is enjoined
11 Defend Comrade Joema! to access the website and help in its improvement.
On the terrorism of US imperialism and the The website was launched with the help of revolutionary
Macapagal-Arroyo regime forces in the United States who are in solidarity with
12 News the Filipino people’s correct and just struggle against US
2 Oktubre 2002 ANG BAYAN
Guingona’s voice of patriotism
I n the face of the Macapagal-Arroyo
regime’s rabid puppetry, Vice Presi-
dent Teoﬁsto Guingona’s patriotism
16, 1991, he was among the 12 sena-
tors who voted against the RP-US
Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation
is exceptional. and Security that ended 50 years of
Guingona’s resolute stand against the US military bases’ presence in the
Balikatan, the MLSA and other mili- Philippines.
tary agreements between the Philip- Guingona opposed the ratiﬁcation
pines and the US are indeed signiﬁcant. of the General Agreement on Tariffs
He opposed the entry of US troops and Trade (GATT) sponsored by
in the country and the fact that this Macapagal-Arroyo in the senate
embroils the Philippines in the impend- in 1994. This agreement
ing US war on Iraq. He stood his served as the foundation
ground on these issues even if it meant for the liberalization of the
his removal last July as secretary of the economy that is now caus-
Department of Foreign Affairs. ing unprecedented crisis in the
Even in the past, Guingona had Philippines.
already shown a patriotic and anti- In 1999, Guingona opposed
fascist stance. He was among the the Visiting Forces Agreement even Nonetheless, Guingona main-
thousands who were incarcerated by if most of his partymates in LAKAS- tained his patriotitic stance.
the Marcos fascist dictatorship when NUCD voted for it. He stressed that the He has thus gained the growing
martial law was declared in 1972. agreement would reverse the victorious respect and support of the people. The
Upon his release, he fought, as an rejection of the US military bases. people’s ardent support for Guingona
attorney, for the release of political In 2000, one of the factors that will continue if he persists in his
prisoners and exposed rampant cases kicked off the impeachment process patriotism and his pro-people stance.
of human rights violations. He was also against Joseph Estrada was Guingona’s Should he take up this challenge,
among those who opposed question- speech “I Accuse.” He unhesitatingly he will be counted among the ranks of
able foreign loans and marched in united with and actually participated Claro M. Recto, Lorenzo Tañada and
unity with the broad anti-dictatorship in the mass movement to oust Estrada. Jose Diokno who served as symbols of
mass movement. His signal role in this movement courage and resoluteness in the fight
Guingona continued to take a stand could not be ignored by Macapagal- for national sovereignty and played a
even when he became senator under Arroyo, who thus designated him as relevant role in the history of the people’s
the Aquino regime. On September vice president. struggle for national liberation.
Military bases ouster commemorated
The 11 th anniversary of the
senate’s rejection of the
treaty that would have extended
Twelve senators, including Tañada and Guingona,
voted against the proposed “RP-US Treaty of Friend-
ship, Cooperation and Security,” signalling the end
the presence of US military of 50 years of the US military bases’ presence in the
bases in the Philippines was Philippines.
commemorated on September The activity was attended by leaders and members of
16. The gathering held at the mass organizations. Pastor “Boy” Saycon of the Council
University of the Philippines and dubbed “Reliving for Philippine Affairs and Linda Montayre of the People’s
September 16, 1991” was organized by Bayan Muna, Vice Consultative Assembly (both former Macapagal-Arroyo
President Teoﬁsto Guingona and former Sen. Wigberto
Tañada. continued on page 4
ANG BAYAN Oktubre 2002 3
“These successful tactical offensives show that the revolutionary forces are ready
to face and frustrate the all-out war campaign of the Macapagal-Arroyo regime. In
accordance with the call of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the
Philippines, the revolutionary forces shall intensify the armed struggle by carrying
out more and more armed tactical offensives. – Ka Roger, September 29, 2002
NPA raids municipal hall in Quezon 33 ﬁrearms seized
NPA Red ﬁghters attacked the municipal hall of Lopez, in Compostela
Quezon on the afternoon of September 27. Killed in the raid
were Lopez chief of police Supt. Cesar Santander, SPO4 Valley raid
Nestor Santiago and one other PNP element. Up to 33 ﬁrearms were
The guerrillas quickly entered the municipal hall by seized when Red ﬁghters under the Rhyme Petalcorin
employing a ruse. Some of them wore barongs and pretended Command-New People’s Army (RPC-NPA) raided
that they wanted to file a case while some posed as AFP the Philippine National Police station in Maco,
soldiers and others as agents of the National Bureau of Compostela Valley on September 24. Among the
Investigation. weapons seized were 17 armalites, three M14s,
The guerrillas had already taken their positions inside the four Garands, three .38 caliber pistols, a Browning
municipal hall when some policemen grew suspicious and fought automatic riﬂe, ammunition and a VHF radio.
it out. The Red ﬁghters took control of the municipal hall after According to RPC-NPA spokesperson Diomabok
a ﬁreﬁght that lasted a number of minutes and conﬁscated all Kadyawan, the daring raid proves the NPA’s capability
ﬁrearms from the armory before making a safe retreat. to launch surprise attacks on legitimate targets. He said
the the raid was successfully conducted because of the
Scout Rangers ambushed in Leyte people’s cooperation with the NPA.
The daring raid was launched without a single shot
Four elements of the Philippine Army Scout Rangers being ﬁred through the use of stratagem. First, guerril-
were killed and two were wounded in an ambush staged by las posing as Philippine Army soldiers captured Maco
an NPA platoon in Barangay Mabuhay, Mahaplag, Leyte mayor Miller Alaba at around 6:30 p.m. and brought
on September 20. The ambush took place at around 3:15 him to the police station in Barangay Mapaang. Alaba
p.m. as four elements of the 3rd Scout Ranger Company introduced the Red ﬁghters as soldiers of the 72nd
who were aboard a Kennedy-type jeep were on their way IB, thus enabling them to enter the station easily
to Tacloban City. and disarm the police. The Red ﬁghters carted away
Five high-powered ﬁrearms were seized by the NPA during all weapons in the station’s armory in 15 minutes.
the firefight, including an M203, two M16s, a Baby-M16 They easily made their retreat through the nearby
and an M14. forest.
A platoon of reinforcements from the 3rd SR Company Shamed, the Macapagal-Arroyo regime immedi-
and the 53rd IB’s Charlie Company was ambushed by an NPA ately ordered the relief of the entire PNP force in Maco
blocking force. One enemy soldier was killed. and filed treason charges against Alaba. The local
Meanwhile, a soldier from the 63rd IB was killed in an intelligence unit is likewise being investigated for its
encounter with an NPA unit that same day. incompetence.
“Military bases...”, from page 3 That same day, hundreds of dem- Simultaneously, the Liberal
onstrators rallied in front of the Party (LP) inaugurated a monu-
allies) also showed their solidarity US Embassy to oppose US military ment called “Inang Laya.” The
with their presence. intervention in the Philippines and monument hailed the correctness
The participants demanded that the threatened strike against Iraq. of the military bases’ ouster. Even
Macapagal-Arroyo publicize the The protest action led by BAYAN, if the LP formed part of the ruling
contents of the Mutual Logistics Bayan Muna and other progressive coalition, it daringly defied the
Support Agreement and submit organizations was likewise joined by rabidly pro-imperialist stance of its
the treaty for deliberation in the the International League of Peoples’ honorary chairperson, Macapagal-
Senate. Struggle. Arroyo.
4 Oktubre 2002 ANG BAYAN
Bush warmongering against Iraq continues
desire to be involved in this war.
U S President George W. Bush is hell-bent on waging war on Iraq, with
or without support. He obstinately demands the overthrow of Saddam
Hussein whom he portrays as a butcher and a threat to world peace and
O n l y U K Prime Minister Tony
Blair—and the ever-reliable puppet
civilization. Macapagal-Arroyo—are outrightly
Bush and Secretary of State Colin and peoples the world have in time, Despite widespread opposition to
Powell have been coercing the United grown to realize the madness of the a war against Iraq, Bush has ordered
Nations (UN) to immediately issue Bush doctrine. the US military’s high command as
a new resolution allowing the US Support started to dwindle when well as the Central Intelligence Agency
to attack Iraq if the latter refuses to the “war against terrorism” was esca- to make arrangements for military
abide by the UN’s resolutions. Bush lated beyond Afghanistan. The US cooperation with Qatar and the station-
has also ﬁled a resolution at the US became isolated when it threatened ing in that country of 1,000 troops
Congress pushing for military action that any country that was not for this from the US Central Command.
against Iraq. Defense Secretary Donald war would be considered an enemy. This is aside from 5,000 armed
Rumsfeld has set the deadline for US isolation worsened with its war- troops at the Prince Sultan Airbase in
passing the resolution before the mongering against Iraq. Saudi Arabia and the 30,000-strong
November 5 elections. “No to War!” was the cry of grow- Tank Division already stationed in
Bush has been acting like a bully ing numbers of the American people. Kuwait. Up to 250,000 American
in disregarding UN processes. On “Adventurism” was German Chancel- troops are also reportedly in the Persian
September 26, US and British war- lor Gerhard Schroeder’s severe criti- Gulf now. A hundred thousand troops
planes bombed two civilian airports cism of Bush’s plans to attack Iraq. will likewise reportedly assault Iraq.
in southern Iraq because the area was For France, Russia and China, the
allegedly within the “no-fly zone” inspection of the so-called weapons of BUSH’S MOTIVES
forcibly imposed by the US and United mass destruction will sufﬁce for now. Bush is hurriedly preparing to
Kingdom (UK) in 1991. The Arab League, on the other hand, attack Iraq in accordance with his “ﬁrst
Bush also dismissed as a “mere gravely fears the outbreak of massive strike policy” even before he could
tactic” Iraq’s declaration on September turmoil due to US plans to attack Iraq. come up with any solid basis for
17 allowing the entry of UN weapons Meanwhile, US allies Canada and his allegations that the Iraqi govern-
inspectors, which used to be what Indonesia have said that they have no ment has links with the terrorist al
the US demanded. Iraq has also prom- Qaida or harbors and
ised the inspectors full freedom to TURKEY produces weapons of
investigate. mass destruction. Why
Iraq’s decision was in accordance does Bush hate Iraq so
with the desire of the majority of A much?
UN members. Its aim is to belie US SYRI Bush’s real and big-
accusations that it was mass producing gest motive is to
weapons of mass destruction. ﬁnd a way out for
IRAQ desperate Amer-
NARROW BASE OF SUPPORT ican monopoly
Last year, Bush and the militarists capitalists who
exploited the grief and anger of the are up to their
American people in the wake of the necks in problems
terrorist attack on the World Trade due to the col-
Center and the Pentagon. He was lapse of the stock
immediately able to gather the support SAUDI market, the out-
of congress and public opinion for ARABIA break of big cor-
waging a “war against terrorism” porate anomalies
and for armed aggression against and the unrest that
Afghanistan. But the American people besets the Ameri-
ANG BAYAN Oktubre 2002 5
can people as a result of years of recession. If these
problems remain unresolved, Bush’s Republican
US: Threat to the security
Party will be jeopardized in the November polls. and independence of nations
The Bush government hopes to pump-prime the
economy through the production of war materiel.
Bush is set to pour in up to $379 billion for the
production of military equipment. In addition, Bush
T he United States’ new National Security Strategy (NSS)
document arrogantly declares the US’ status as today’s sole
superpower. The document was issued on September 20 as part
has also allocated $50 billion for the “war against of Bush’s warmongering against Iraq.
terrorism.” Through the NSS, the US brazenly threatens to use its military
The planned attack on Iraq has particular superiority to block any attempt by any country to challenge
relevance for the US. As Iraqi ofﬁcials have said, its power.
“the US wants to control our oil.” Iraq is second only The US uses the September 11, 2001 attacks as a pretext
to Saudi Arabia in the vastness of its oil reserves. It to make its plans of armed aggression appear like acts of self-
is these 12 billion barrels of oil reserves that the US defense.
and other imperialists covet. While calling for a stop to other countries’ production of
The US is fuming weapons of mass destruction with such overweening arrogance,
mad due to Iraq’s asser- the US blatantly declares that it will maintain the forces and
tions of independence. arsenal sufﬁcient to allegedly ensure peace. It says that it will not
Bush eagerly desires to hesitate to launch preemptive attacks on any country it considers
overthrow Iraq to set up terrorist “before the threat reaches” the US.
a regime that will favor The US has also openly shunned the role of other countries
US policy dictates. in deciding on international conﬂicts. It says it will not hesitate
to act alone “if necessary.”
The NSS summarizes the Bush doctrine, which is none
Bush: Hitler, other than the unbridled use of military force to perpetuate US
imperialist domination of the world.
threat to peace
US President George W. Bush went ballistic when
Germany’s Justice Minister Herta Daeubler- Opposition to war on Iraq spreads
Gmelin compared him to Adolf Hitler, the
despised leader of the fascist Nazis. Deubler-
Gmelin said that Bush’s warmongering against T here is growing opposition from the world’s peoples to the
US’ plans of aggression against Iraq.
In London, capital of the United Kingdom, up to 150,000
Iraq aims to “divert (the public’s) attention
from domestic political problems. Hitler also rallied on September 28 to oppose the US and UK’s plans to
did that.” attack Iraq. The rally, organized by the Stop the War Coalition
Before this, Jean Chretien, prime minister of and the Muslim Association of Britain, was one of the biggest
US ally Canada, criticized the US’ unilateralism antiwar demonstrations in European history.
and arrogance. In an interview, Chretien linked Marking the intense disapproval, even by ofﬁcials of the UK,
the terrorist attacks to world poverty and US for their government’s bellicose policies, London mayor Ken
world economic domination. The US, he said, Livingstone showed his solidarity for and spoke before the rally.
is also to blame for the terrorist attacks on Mo Mowlam, a former Blair cabinet minister and now a severe
September 11, 2001. Chretien added that the critic, sent a message of solidarity. Members of parliament from
US should not use its strength to humiliate Blair’s own Labour Party likewise spoke before the crowd. Scott
others. Ritter, who led the group of weapons inspectors that entered Iraq in
In a related development, former South
1998 also gave a speech. Union leaders and some high ofﬁcials of
African president and Nobel Peace Prize awardee
the Church of England likewise joined the demonstration.
Nelson Mandela called the US a threat to peace.
In Rome, Italy, a march-rally against the US war on Iraq
According to Mandela, the US is undermining
the UN as the forum for settling international
organized by the Communist Refoundation Party was attended by
disputes. He also said that the US’ hardline more than 100,000 people also on September 28. According to the
stance against Iraq favors American oil and latest surveys, almost 70% of Italians are opposed to waging war
continued on page 7
6 Oktubre 2002 ANG BAYAN
The Arroyo couple’s scandalous corruption
M ike and Gloria Arroyo are so voracious in squeezing bribes and
commissions from every contract entered into, big or small, and from
all government ﬁnancial institutions. It is Mike Arroyo himself who deals
directly with foreign contractors to ensure that the couple gobbles up the
biggest possible lucre.
On September 19, Sulpicio Tagud The JDLC contract has long
Jr., one of the directors of the Public been a milking cow of the powers
Estates Authority (PEA), disclosed that be. Estrada beneﬁted from it
that Mike Arroyo himself and his in 1999. But much bigger amounts
cronies in the PEA were involved were milked when Macapagal-
in the anomalous construction of Aroyo appointed her own people
the President Diosdado Macapagal to the PEA leadership. Kickbacks
Boulevard (PDMB) in Manila. Tagud were channeled through Ernest
said that the PEA Board of Directors Villareal, PEA head and a close
connived with the JD Legaspi Corpora- friend of Mike Arroyo. In addi-
tion (JDLC) to make it appear that tion, Villareal likewise serves as
construction costs exceeded P1 billion the head of the Bigkis Pinoy Founda-
even if actual expenses were in the tion, a front organization of the Arroyo
neighborhood of P500 million. The family and a suspected fundraiser for In exchange, PIATCo agreed to
P600 million excess went directly to Macapagal-Arroyo’s election kitty give about $4.4 million (P220 million
Arroyo’s pockets. for 2004. based on a P50=$1 exchange rate)
More than half of PEA’s expenses Before the PDMB anomaly hit bribe to Macapagal-Arroyo. With the
(P500 million) were defrayed by the headlines, the Arroyo couple’s help of their operator Dante Ang, the
funds from the Government Service extortion from the Cheng family (overt Arroyos put in Alfonso Liongson as a
Insurance System (GSIS). No less owners of the Philippine International “special consultant” to PIATCo so that
than Malacañang ordered the GSIS Air Terminals Co. or PIATCo) had the bribe money could be channeled
to extend a loan to the PEA despite already been bared before the public. through him. Fron June to December,
the agency’s ﬁnancial problems. To PIATCo is the government contractee Liongson received $2.1 million (P105
comply with the order, the GSIS for the construction of the Ninoy million).
delayed the release of retired employ- Aquino International Airport (NAIA) The amount of $4.4 million was
ees’ monthly pensions. It also rejected Terminal 3 under the build-operate- never completed because Liongson
many loan applications from GSIS transfer scheme. As soon as Macapa- was forced to go into hiding in January
members and deferred housing projects gal-Arroyo took power, she and her 2002 when intense criticisms of the
for them. husband made a deal with PIATCo. anomalous contract continued without
“Opposition to war...”, from page 6 Conference on Terrorism in a Globalized World held in the
Philippines from September 23-26. It was attended by 130
on Iraq, contrary to the position of the country’s Rightist delegates, including 103 foreign church people from 22
prime minister Silvio Berlusconi. countries and representing 14 denominations.
Similar rallies were held in Paris, France; Sydney, Prior to this, Sandeep Pandey, an Indian engineer
Australia; and in various US cities on September 28 and one of this year’s Ramon Magsaysay awardees,
and 29. joined a rally in front of the US Embassy in September.
In the Philippines, more than 100 church people Pandey openly assailed the US “war against terrorism.” In
from 22 countries rallied in front of the US Embassy on protest, Pandey returned the $50,000 prize he received as
September 27 to condemn “US state terrorism” against Iraq a Magsaysay awardee because the money came from the
and other targets of the “war against terrorism.” The rally Rockefeller Brothers Foundation, a reactionary American
served as the culmination of the International Ecumenical institution.
ANG BAYAN Oktubre 2002 7
letup and the Arroyos’ hand in the
extortion was slowly being revealed. The Mike Arroyo-NAD conspiracy
In August, he was sent off to Hong
Kong to cut off any link with the
To be able to milk an even bigger
N o less than Miguel “Mike”
Arroyo, the president’s hus-
band, is behind the series of
amount, Macapagal-Arroyo maneu- anti-communist advertisements
vered to put in her own people in by the National Alliance for
PIATCo. First, she made a show Democracy (NAD) that have
of having the PIATCo contract been coming out in the papers
reviewed and declaring it anoma- since July.
lous. After this, she ordered presi- NAD is an anti-communist
dential adviser on strategic projects vigilante group established during
Gloria Tan-Climaco, to disclose the US-Aquino regime. It is led
that PIATCo was merely a front of by Pastor “Jun” Alcover Jr., a
Frankfurt Airport Service Worldwide Cebu-based anti-communist radio
(Fraport AG), a Germany company, commentator.
to pressure the latter to cut off its NAD sources its funds
business ties with the Cheng family directly from Bigkis-Pinoy, a
and replace it with the group of party list group formed by Mike
Macapagal-Arroyo crony Lucio Tan. Arroyo for his wife. In turn, Big-
Climaco was especially chosen for kis-Pinoy gets its funds from
the “review” because she was privy to PAGCOR through its chair and
PIATCo’s anomalous provisions and Mike Arroyo minion Ephraim
transactions. She used to chair the Genuino.
Sycip, Gorres and Velayo company The advertisements strain to depict the revolutionary forces as
that audits PIATCo and Fraport. terrorists. They also link the revolutionary forces to legal democratic
Climaco, along with Executive Sec- organizations like BAYAN, Bayan Muna and KARAPATAN. They smear
retary Alberto Romulo, was also the name of Comrade Jose Ma. Sison much like the military does.
involved in PIATCo’s bribery of Neither has NAD spared others who have been criticizing Macapagal-
former Department of Transporta- Arroyo, such as Linda Montayre of the People’s Consultative Assembly and
tion and Communication secretary Crispin Remulla of the Partido ng Masang Pilipino. These two are known to
Pantaleon Alvarez. In connivance be close to potential Macapagal-Arroyo rivals in 2004.
with Alvarez, PIATCo bloated the The Macapagal-Arroyo regime’s anti-communist campaign has
expenditures for the construction of noticeably picked up since the president’s talk with US President Bush
the NAIA Terminal 3. in November 2001.
Climaco threatened Fraport with For this campaign, Mike Arroyo revived NAD, which was last sponsored
a government takeover of the project by Joseph Estrada.
if it did not agree to Macapagal- By July, the organization obviously had a lot of money since it could
Arroyo’s conditions. Because Fra- afford to come out with P200,000 advertisements against the revolutionary
port AG had already poured $375 movement in national newspapers. It is Jaime Policarpio, a former Estrada
million (P18.75 billion based on man and now a partner of Mike Arroyo, who directly takes charge of
a P50=$1 exchange rate) into the NAD’s black propaganda.
project, it eventually caved in before NAD was also directed to launch pro-US rallies during US Secretary
Macapagal-Arroyo’s brazen extortion. of State Colin Powell’s visit to the country. It also rallied against Fr.
On September 5, Fraport promised to Robert Reyes when he criticized the fact that landholdings of big landlords
raise $400 million (P20 billion) for like Mike Arroyo and Danding Cojuangco were not being subjected to
the project. Three-hundred million agrarian reform.
dollars ($300 million) would go to During Macapagal-Arroyo’s state of the nation address last July, she said
its local partners while $100 million that not all those who were holding rallies outside the Batasang Pambansa
(P5 billion) would go directly to were against her. She approached the pro-Macapagal-Arroyo rally being
Macapagal-Arroyo. launched by Bigkis-Pinoy and NAD.
8 Oktubre 2002 ANG BAYAN
Land-occupation in northwestern Leyte
Unity and resolute resistance
areas, as well as outside sugarcane
M ore than 1,000 families occupy
over 2,000 hectares of farmland
in northwestern Leyte comprising
The Osmeñas are a powerful clan
in Cebu. At that time, Lito Osmeña
already owned a 100-hectare land
30 large barangays in Ormoc City THE LANDLORDS STRIKE BACK. where he planned to build an airport.
and the towns Kananga, San Isidro, Although most of the land being He also wanted to build a golf course
Leyte, Albuera and Villaba among occupied by the farmers are aban- and illegal brothels for pedophiles in
others. doned, their struggle has not been San Isidro town.
Peasants occupy and till unproduc- an easy one. Despite the fact that Osmeña and Larra-
tive sugarcane farms, mostly aban- the peasant families have been zabal took the lead in
doned by the owners or seized by tilling the farms for perpetrating violence
banks after going bankrupt due to the some time, some and filing trumped-up
slump in the sugar industry in the criminal charges against
1980s. SAGUPA-SB and individual
Along with the sustained land- peasants who occupied the land.
occupation campaign, farmers have
also achieved victories in the struggle VIOLENCE AGAINST PEAS-
for lower land rent and higher wages ANTS. In 1999, Larrazabal ordered
for workers in corn, coconut and sugar- the killing of a barangay captain
cane farms. These struggles, marked who was a leader of SAGUPA-SB.
by close coordination among peas- In Kananga town, peasant leader
ants in different barangays, enjoy Reynaldo “Teting” Villota
the warm support of workers and the was killed by policemen
middle forces. and CAFGU elements in
August 1999 on orders from
OCCUPATION OF ABAN- Loloy Labra, a despotic land-
DONED LAND. Land in north- lord.
western Leyte is monopo- In spite of continued harassment,
lized by a handful of big however, the farmers bravely paid
landlords. The largest sug- landlords and banks attempted to tribute to their slain comrades during
arcane plantations and some retake the land and sell them to the wake. Thousands of farmers
of the biggest coconut farms and other landlords and businessmen. joined the funeral march. Waving
pasturelands in Eastern Visayas Among those drawn by the red banners and raising placards and
can be found here. prospect of grabbing land to streamers, they swore to continue
Spontaneous occupation of aban- expand his ranch was Melchor with the struggle for which the two
doned land has been occurring in the Larrazabal. The Larrazabals are martyrs shed their blood.
place as early as the 1980s. Efforts of a powerful clan of landlords who Up to the present, the peasants
different peasant families and groups have been lording it over Leyte face the charges and threats against
were at ﬁrst sporadic. In 1995, the for decades. them. They continue with their
Samahan han Gudti nga Parag-uma- In 1996, farmers in some pickets, demonstrations, camp-outs
Sinirangang Bisayas (SAGUPA-SB places were able to compel the and other forms of protest. When-
or Association of Small Farmers- Department of Agrarian Reform ever a peasant leader is arrested
Eastern Visayas) uniﬁed and coordi- to decide to distribute land. The or detained, they troop to jails to
nated these actions. The campaign decision was not implemented, extend moral support to their com-
spread among adjacent barangays and however, due to maneuvers by
towns, along highways and coastal continued on page 10
landlords like Lito Osmeña.
ANG BAYAN Oktubre 2002 9
The capitulation and criminality
of the RPM-RPA-ABB
The capitulation and criminality of the Rebolusyo- Army in staging check-
naryong Partido ng Manggagawa-Revolutionary Proletar- points and launching
ian Army-Alex Boncayao Brigade (RPM-RPA-ABB) military operations in
are further being unmasked. several places.
On August 31, representatives of mass organizations Despite the sop
submitted a list of human rights violations committed it receives from the
by the RPM-RPA-ABB to Gov. Niel Tupas of Iloilo regime and the AFP, the
and Senior Supt. Johnny Mabugat. Included in the list RPM-RPA-ABB
are cases of coercion, extortion, recruitment for the continues with its
CAFGU, illegal logging and others. Groups led by extortion activities.
Demetrio Capilastique alias “Hugo” and Ruﬁno Cadugo It milks at least P1,500
alias “Rocky” were named as respondents. per month from every
The list was submitted in time for Macapagal- barangay. It also take
Arroyo’s approval of the P17.5 million “peace” deal at least P500 per trip from loggers in the island. RPA
between the regime and the RPM-RPA-ABB. Ten members likewise serve as paid goons in demolition
million pesos (P10 million) of the amount will go to operations in Boracay Island, Malay, Aklan.
the “reintegration” of RPM-RPA-ABB surrenderees. In Negros Occidental, many people were not able to
The remaining P7.5 million will supposedly be set aside vote in the July barangay elections due to threats from
for the “joint enforcement and monitoring committee” the RPM-RPA-ABB. Armed RPA elements guarded
which will be formed to implement the deal ﬁnalized voting precincts to campaign for their bets in Calatrava
in the “Clariﬁ cation Document” signed on February and Don Salvador Benedicto towns.
27 in Quezon City. The RPA also serves as guns for hire and goons of
Among those who signed were Sec. Roilo Golez, politicians like Danding Cojuangco and his partymate
Nilo dela Cruz, Arturo Tabara and Manuel Calizo. former Rep. Oscar Garin, ex-Mayor Nene dela Cruz and
Eduardo “Red” Kapunan of the rightist RAM witnessed his wife Cynthia, mayor of Don Salvador Benedicto.
the signing. Since the signing, the RPA has been Since 1997, the RPA has been actively employed by
impudently showing off its weapons, camouflage Gen. Gerry Flores, former PNP intelligence chief. RPA
uniforms and combat boots all issued by the govern- elements also serve as goons for Flores and his wife
ment. who is the mayor of Miag-ao, Iloilo.
Aside from acting as policemen, Daniel Batoy, an The RPM-RPA-ABB has a direct link to the Red
RPA commander in Panay, admits that they take part Vigilantes Group which is engaged in the illegal drug
in intelligence operations against the democratic and trade, kidnapping for ransom and other gangster activities
revolutionary movement. They also join the Philippine in Nueva Ecija.
“Land-occupation...”, from page 9 court. But they never left their land. The peasant’s close cooperation
Instead, their conviction has grown in sustaining their struggle and
rades. There have been cases where even stronger. In one pastureland, strengthening their ranks are their
prisoners were granted temporary for example, the number of families effective weapon. They keep on
freedom by the courts due to the occupying the land and helping each raising their consciousness and
peasants’ mass actions. There were other till it swelled from 150 to 300 their fighting will in spite of the
also cases where the court was despite the harassment. Because attempts of landlords to impede
compelled to reduce bail. landlords send goons to uproot the their advance. With their unity and
Because their adversaries are crops from time to time, the farm- resolve to fight, they will surely
powerful in government, the peas- ers decided to guard their farms in continue reaping victory after vic-
ants lost many of their cases in shifts. tory.
10 Oktubre 2002 ANG BAYAN
Defend Comrade Joema promoted. The signatories were from
Denmark, France, The Netherlands,
P rogressive youth led by Anakbayan
picketed the Dutch embassy in
Makati on September 24 to demand
“Apeng” Yap also attended the gather-
ing. Sen. Loren Legarda sent a mes-
sage of solidarity where she described
Portugal, Spain and Sweden.
In a press conference on Septem-
ber 18, Archbishop Joris Vercammen
the resumption of subsidies due a Ka Joema and comrades as “a special of the Old Catholic Church of Utrecht
political refugee to Comrade Jose Ma. breed of Filipinos”. and Dominee Hans Visser of the
Sison, Senior Political Consultant On September 25, members of the Paulus Kerk of Rotterdam voiced
of the National Democratic Front of Philippine Solidarity Groups-Belgium support for Ka Joema’s struggle.
the Philippines (NDFP). protested before the Dutch Visser branded as “stupid” the Dutch
The protesters brought a embassy. They slept on the government’s decision to stop giving
symbolic “care package” street to assail the crimi- subsidies to Sison. He also described
of canned goods, rice, nalization of the Philip- as “ridiculous” the comparison of Ka
medicines, drinking water pine mass movement and Joema to Osama bin Laden.
and others to be sent to the Dutch government’s Meanwhile, Sison’s supporters in
Sison. squeeze campaign against India demonstrated before the Dutch
Anakbayan likewise Prof. Jose Ma. Sison. They embassy in Chanakyapuri, New Delhi
launched the campaign likewise launched the “1 on September 26. Police arrested over
“Piso para kay Prof. euro for Sison” campaign 100 activists who brought a petition
Joema” in support of for his basic needs and legal letter to the Dutch government demand-
Comrade Sison whom funds. ing the reinstatement of the rights of
they described as “a good teacher, a On September 21, twenty-three Comrade Joema as a political refugee.
true freedom ﬁghter, a good friend, members of the European Parliament In Vancouver, Canada, migrant
father and comrade”. expressed support for Ka Joema. In a Filipinos picketed the Dutch embassy
On August 25, relatives, comrades petition brought before the Dutch gov- in support of Ka Joema and to
and friends of the Sison family and ernment, they called for the removal of denounce US terrorism. They also
other members of the NDFP peace the Communist Party of the Philippines submitted a petition letter in defense
panel gathered in Quezon City. They and the New People’s Army from the of Ka Joema.
belied the US’ and the Macapagal- list of “terrorist organizations”. They The activities in defense of Ka
Arroyo regime’s “terrorist” designa- said the inclusion of the CPP and the Joema are coordinated by the Commit-
tion of the revolutionary movement NPA in the list prejudices the peace tee DEFEND. Information regarding
and demanded an immediate stop to negotiations between the NDFP and his case and struggle can be found at
the regime’s campaign to discredit the the Government of the Republic of www.defendsison.be.
NDFP. GRP peace panel members the Philippines which the European Ang Bayan released on September
Atty. Rene Sarmiento and Rep. Jose Parliament has long supported and 22 a special issue on this matter.
On the terrorism of US imperialism
and the Macapagal-Arroyo regime
On September 11, Gregorio “Ka Roger” Rosal, spokesman that has been wreaking havoc the world over.
of the Communist Party of the Philippines, conveyed the The US has been coercing all countries, violating their
Party’s commemoration of the death of more than two sovereignty and shunting aside international institutions,
thousand Americans and other nationalities victimized by agreements and standards of civilized relations among
the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. The following independent nations.
are excerpts from the statement: The CPP denounces US imperialism’s terrorism,
A year later today, the CPP afﬁrms even more its stand
against terrorism, specially the terrorism of US imperialism continued on page 12
ANG BAYAN Oktubre 2002 11
Nation remembers martial law
The government’s “leaning toward the United States”
AFP vilifying Bayan Muna
is a situation comparable to that prevailing on the eve of A report of the Mt. Province Provincial
Marcos’ imposition of martial rule in 1972. Thus stated Peace and Order Council (PPOC) revealed that it
Vice Pres. Teoﬁsto Guingona in a forum September 21 at is the military that is behind the smear campaign
the De La Salle University. The forum was part of a series against the party-list group Bayan Muna.
of activities in observance of the 30th anniversary of the In the report, the Philippine Army’s 5th ID
declaration of martial law. maliciously linked to the revolutionary move-
“Although there is no martial law, iron-ﬁst rule exists,” ment projects being funded by Bayan Muna
said Fr. Joe Dizon in the same forum. representatives in Congress. These include the
In Laoag City, around 1,000 farmers belonging to the P1-million water system project in Barangay
Solidarity of Peasants Against Exploitation-Ilocos (Stop-Ex- Mainit, Bontoc and the P1-million drainage
Ilocos) and BAYAN-Ilocos marched from the Divine Word system for a public elementary school in the
College to the provincial capitol to remind Ilocanos of the same town.
terrifying years of martial law. The farmers came from La The report likewise stated the false claims
Union, Ilocos Sur, Ilocos Norte and Abra. by Maj. Carlito Bueno Jr of the 2 nd Special
About 1,700 farmers led by BAYAN and the Paghugpong Forces Company regarding Wyndel Bolinget
sang mga Mangunguma sa Panay kag Guimaras (Pamang- and Jonathan Torafeng, ofﬁcers of the Cordillera
gas) marched along the main thoroughfares of Iloilo City People’s Alliance. Major Bueno claims that
denouncing the widespread militarization in Panay, especially Bolinget and Torafeng asked for the votes of
against national minorities. Barangay Mainit residents in the barangay and
Rallies were also launched in different parts of Negros Sangguniang Kabataan elections on July, before
including Bacolod City, Cauayan, Kabankalan and Escalante. the projects were implemented. But according
“Our cry is never again to martial law,” said BAYAN-Negros to Bolinget, he has not been to Mainit since
secretary general Julius Mirabeles. 1999.
In Cauayan, Negros Occidental, a marker was unveiled Mayor Thomas Killip of Sagada, Mt. Prov-
in memory of those who bravely fought against martial rule. ince expressed concern over the military’s nega-
“This marker is a reminder of Marcos’ reign of terror…,” tive view of the P5 million allocated by Bayan
declared Task Force Detainees-Western Visayas (TFD-WV) Muna for the construction of a ﬁve-kilometer
which called for an end to Macapagal-Arroyo’s all-out road linking Ambasing and Sagada-Dantay.
war campaign. He described as irrational the military’s
The TFD-WV also said that the number of political campaign against Bayan Muna. “Actually, the
detainees is growing. Including the 12 in Bicol and eight in ones who are being called terrorists are the
Negros who were arrested on August 30, political prisoners people who want to help our community,” he
now number 197 in 63 jails nationwide. said.
“On the terrorism...”, from page 11 behind Macapagal-Arroyo’s conten- its intervention in the Philippines’
tion that the CPP and the NPA are internal affairs.
aggression and warmongering. The “generic terrorists” because they are The CPP and the NPA aver that ter-
CPP also condemns the Macapagal- waging armed struggle to overthrow rorism has no place in, and is contrary
Arroyo regime which has done noth- the reactionary government…. to, the advancement of revolutionary
ing but blindly obey the orders of its Branding the CPP and the NPA armed struggle and that it violates
master US President Bush. as terrorist was worked out only to international standards on the conduct
It is utterly irresponsible, base- justify the continued presence of of war. This stand was not merely
less and malicious for the US and American troops in the country…. The stated by Ka Roger, but is stipulated in
the regime to tag the CPP and the NPA US has used and will continue using the basic principles and rules that NPA
as terrorist. It is twisted logic that is joint military exercises to conceal ﬁghters adhere to.
12 Oktubre 2002 ANG BAYAN
ANTI-PPA PROTEST U.S. PUSHES
ACTIONS STAGED IN PANAY FOR JUNKING OF ICC
Around 150 countries are being pressured by the US
Some 9,000 people launched
not to ratify the 1998 Rome Statute which provides for the
protest actions against the purchased
establishment of the International Criminal Court (ICC). The
power adjustment (PPA) in Panay
US threatens to withdraw its pledges of aid if the countries
do not give in. Among the ﬁrst countries to be warned were
In Iloilo City, about 7,000 marched along the
Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia. Meanwhile, the Philippines
city’s main roads. In Roxas City, around 2,000
has rejected the ICC.
including 50 Catholic priests gathered for a prayer
The ICC will try cases of genocide, war crimes and other
rally against the PPA.
crimes against humanity. The US is extremely worried about
The Iloilo provincial chapter of the coalition
the establishment of the ICC because it is guilty of a long list
People Opposed to Warrantless Electricity Rates
of crimes against humanity.
(POWER) was formed on September 12. The
coalition includes BAYAN, the local govern-
ments of nine Iloilo towns and the Archdiocese NEPAL REVOLUTIONARIES
of Jaro. LAUNCH OFFENSIVES, STRIKE
VENDORS PROTEST A mere ten days after lifting the state of emergency,
the reactionary state of Nepal was again shaken by two
At least 1,250 people took part in protest big offensives by the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) of
actions between August 22 and September the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist. The PLA attacked
12 against Metro Manila Development Author- government troops in the district of Sindhuli and the town
ity chairman Bayani Fernados’s campaign of Sandhikharka on September 8 and 9, killing 89 policemen
to rid the metropolis of sidewalk vendors. and 17 soldiers.
The mass actions were led by the Alyansa ng The state was shaken further when a general strike
mga Manininda sa Kalookan; Alyansa ng mga paralyzed the country September 16. The strike was organized
Manininda Para sa Pagtatanggol sa Kabuhayan to protest the coming November elections.
at Karapatan; and Metro Manila Vendors Alli- King Gyanendra of Nepal first declared a state of
ance. emergency in November 2001 after a spate of PLA attacks that
resulted in a large number of military and police casualties.
PETROLEUM PRICES HIKED ANEW
Prices of petroleum products rose for the ACTIONS SPREADING
ﬁfth time this year in September. Caltex, Petron
and Shell imposed an increase of around 39 The major towns and the Occupied Territories in Palestine
centavos per liter of gasoline, diesel fuel and witnessed big rallies last September despite nonstop bombing
kerosene. Eastern Petroleum and Total followed by the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF). On September 19, the
suit. Meanwhile, the price of liqueﬁed petroleum IDF stopped short of leveling the headquarters of Yasser
gas was raised by P1 per kilogram. Militant Arafat, head of the Palestinian Authority. The United Nations
organizations protested the price hikes. PISTON, Security Council passed a resolution for the immediate
the militant organization of drivers and operators withdrawal of the IDF from Palestinian territory a few days
of public utility vehicles, stated that it would be later with only the US refusing to sign. Israel had earlier
compelled to demand an increase in fare rates by refused to heed the resolution but was later on compelled to
P1 if oil prices were not rolled back. pull out from Ramallah on September 28.
ANG BAYAN Oktubre 2002 13