DMCA, P2P, Network Traffic
IT Network Security
I. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) traffic
Four campuses (MU, UMKC, UMSL,
P2P Usage at UMR
II. Copyright Violation and DMCA
Definition of copyright violation
Consequences of DMCA violations
Legal alternatives for downloading
music, movies, etc.
I. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Traffic
MU: P2P Banned
» Exception methods: Manual request
UMKC: P2P Banned
» Exception methods: Unknown
UMSL: P2P Banned
» Exception methods: Unknown
UMR: P2P blocked
» Exception Method: Automated controlled
enablement w/Manual exception for
Also introduced traffic shaping
Eliminated the Quotas/penalty box.
Fair queuing use of Internet bandwidth
(however, we will still throttle heavy users)
now OFF by default
To control usage, P2P protocols are now OFF by default.
Excessive personal usage of P2P and especially
transfers involving copyrighted material are not
Again, it is illegal to commit copyright infringements!
Protects students who have P2P running when they
connect to the campus network
Lowers the University’s risk and operating costs.
P2P has always allowed for business
and academic usage
Excessive use has never been
permitted, and thus the quota system
Original design was to control only P2P,
but device not capable of load
P2P is hard on network – even if we
had 1 Gigabit, it would not be enough
for unconstrained usage
» Thus, controls have to exist.
Network Traffic Shaping
IT has deployed traffic shaping
Carrier class equipment! Nearly no latency!
Quotas are gone! No more Penalty Box!
We monitor traffic usage and can adjust on the
fly as the need indicates
We can match protocols
We can prioritize traffic to allow necessary traffic
over other traffic
» Distance education
» Gaming ????
P2P Use at UMR
However, UMR feels that there is P2P
usage that can be used for legitimate
business and academic use:
As such, there is a method in which to
obtain limited P2P services:
Limits of P2P Use at UMR
By limited, we mean that a user may only:
Activate P2P usage only for systems registered to
Bandwidth is limited inbound and very limited outbound
Limited to a 6 hour duration per activation
Limited to 4 activations per month
Accrual of 4 activations per month with a maximum
accrual of 20
Exceptions or additional activations are handled on a
How to use P2P now
You must agree to the AUP to activate accrual
You must pass a quiz on acceptable P2P usage
The Protocols will be enabled for ONLY your
Individual rates are limited and there is an
aggregate bandwidth constraint for all P2P
A DMCA violation or pre-litigation letter and you
will have 20 subtracted from your accrual
Multiple DMCA violations will result in permanent
loss of activations
Exceptions to the 4 uses per month will be handled on a
A business case is required and needs to include at a
» An analysis of alternate methods of obtaining the data
» Why the data is necessary for educational, research or business
The business case will be reviewed by IT Security and
Note: In many cases, data files can be obtained through
other protocols. You may be denied additional access
because we can point you to another method.
Unfortunate Side Effects
Some games now do not work
» EVE Online
» World of Warcraft – new/small updates
» Others? – have not yet been reported
We are working on resolving this and
we may be close on EVE
WoW, just use the HTTP downloads for
For application assistance:
II. Copyright Infringement and
What is Copyright Infringement
As defined by the U.S. Copyright Office,
copyright infringement is the
unauthorized reproduction or distributing
fixed work without the owner's permission.
Copyright infringement is illegal and is an
issue of concern at UMR.
Am I in violation if.....
Someone e-mails copyrighted material to me and I forward it to
I make an MP3 copy of a song from a CD I purchased?
I put my MP3 copy on the Internet so others can download it?
I join a file-sharing network such as Kazaa, IMesh, Gnutella and
download copyrighted music and movies?
I transfer copyrighted material using an instant messaging
I burn copies of music that I downloaded onto CDs for my
UM Acceptable Use Policy
The key points of the policy are:
Excessive personal use is not allowed
No illegal use
No use that risks the campus network or
causes increased costs
For more information visit:
Digital Millennium Copyright Act
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act
of 1998 amended U.S. copyright law
to limit the liability of a service
TheDMCA protects the unlawful
reproduction or distribution of music,
movies, text and anything that is
UMR DMCA Violation Policy
If you are informed by UMR IT of illegal file
sharing or downloading, the Office of the
Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs will be
notified and the sanctions will apply.
Note: UMR IT verifies each claim very carefully
» Rejected approx. 20 claims last academic year
1) 14 calendar days revoked network
access for all registered systems
2) Student must pass "Safe and Legal
Computing" Blackboard course
3) Peer-to-Peer uses are reduced
1) 28 days revoked network access for
all registered systems
2) Research and reflection papers
3) Community Responsibility hours
4) $100 Processing Fee
5) Revoked access to submit requests
for Peer-to-Peer authorization
Third or Greater Offense
1) 4 months revoked network access for
all registered systems
2) Disciplinary probation for two
3) Discretionary Sanctions
4) $200 Processing Fee
Alternate Legal Methods Exist
Free Music Service for Students
UMR has partnered with the online music service
Ruckus Networks (www.ruckus.com), Inc.
UMR campus users have unlimited download
access to a library of over 2.1 Million songs.
Ruckus certifies that all downloads are 100% legal,
virus-free and spyware-free.
Internet Radio Stations
The Internet connection is a privilege, not a right.
P2P usage is limited to business and academic
usage by policy.
We will work with those who need specific
usage, provided they have a legitimate business
Legal Alternatives to P2P Exist!
If you come up with questions later on,
please send them to: