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Environmental Education through Drama The Green Drama


									             GREEN DRAMA:
Influencing Choices and European Youth Work
             Training Course

      Hyvärilä Youth Centre, Nurmes
  Metsäkartano Youth Centre, Rautavaara

                      Environmental Education through Drama: Green Drama
Text: Jaana Hiltunen, Heli Konivuori
Translation: Tarja Malmi-Raike

What is Green Drama?

Sometimes environmental issues, and personal values related to them are being dealt with and
clarified using self expression and other elements of drama (learning through Drama). This method
of working we call the Green Drama. The Green Drama shares values and goals with the
environmental education. The ultimate goal is to transform individual actions and lifestyles to be
more environmentally friendly.

In the Green Drama everybody can be involved in the action. A theatrical performance is not being
produced, and there is no audience present. Instead, group interaction, active partnership and
personal experience are essential. These are also key elements in drama in general.

The learning experience in the Green Drama is based on the previous knowledge and experience of
the active partners. Together they create an evolving story combining various viewpoints. At the
same time everyone can evaluate his/her own thoughts and opinions. We don’t see the Green Drama
as an art form, since in it environmental issues come first instead of aesthetic or other artistic

What does a Green Drama Session look like?
First an environmental issue or theme is chosen. Then it is processed through various activities and
exercises. A Green Drama session begins with a warming up followed by exercises related to the
issue on both a common and a personal level, and a finish. Warming up is important in creating a
positive atmosphere where active presence, contact and interaction are possible. It also introduces
the general framework for the chosen theme.

The instructor of the session also has an important role to play. She/he monitors the process, helps
in keeping it going, and creates a safe working atmosphere. The instructor also encourages the
partners to experiment on new ways of acting, and respects individual insight. The Green Drama
has been successfully performed by different age groups from 13-years on.

Role-taking and Improvised Performances in Green Drama
Role-taking is important both in drama and in the Green Drama. It means stepping into a role, and
acting accordingly in an imaginary situation as if it was real life. Role-taking is a good way of
widening your own horizons when stepping into somebody else’s shoes. Carrying a role you can
safely say and do things you wouldn’t dream of in the real world. The Green Drama role-taking is a
far cry from the theatrical role play, but functions as a valuable tool in the learning process.

Improvised performances can introduce us the role play characters and their actions in various
hypothetical situations, or illustrate the next step in a continuum of events. The performances using
acting or mime are not rehearsed or planned ahead. Sometimes set lines or other attributes are given.
The other workshop members form an audience. The content and the message come first in a Green
Drama performance.

Hiltunen&Konivuori.2005: Vihreä draama – draaman keinoin kestäviin elämäntapoihin.
Hiltunen&Konivuori.2005: Vihreää draamaa tavaramaailmassa


(Source: Hiltunen, Jaana and Konivuori, Heli, 2005: Vihreä draama,
Translated from Finnish to English by Helena Karhu)

The Green Drama is about Environmental Education, which uses means of drama
education and it aims to change a person’s behavior. The ultimate goal is to
transform individual actions and lifestyles to be more environmentally friendly.


   o Environment educational goal and theme
   o Form of participatory theatre, which enables the participation of all the
     people who are present in the situation.
   o Dialogue in the group process
   o Startling experience
   o Reflection
   o Trying new ways of behavior/action

   Methodology of Environmental Education, which takes advantage of the basic
   elements of theatre, playing, games, action and experiences.
   It bases on environmental topics, not aesthetics or making art. It is not an art
   form, and it is played without audience.

        Environmental Education + drama = Green Drama


Educational perspective, which emphases equality and justice, is the foundation
for sustainable development and environmental education.

   *AWARENESS – To clarify and to increase the understanding of environment and
   the human impact on it
   *ATTITUDES – To help to clarify the values and feelings towards the environment
   *SENSITIVITY – To help to reach a personal connection with environment through
   own experience
   *SKILLS – To give practical tools to solve environmental problems
   *PARTICIPATION – to give a possibility and to increase motivation to actively
   participate in improving the local neighborhood and environment

A person is in interaction with his/her environment, and is influencing it during
the whole lifetime. Therefore Environmental Education is life-long learning
process, which is not only for children and youth. Also adults need space for
personal reflections to support the knowledge, to become aware of the
personal values and to realize the effects of ones own actions.


The methods of drama education are perfectly suitable for Green Drama and
Environmental Education. Drama education enables the learning through
experience, has background in the learner’s own experiences / geographical
world and knowledge, and uses the person’s natural ways to express
him/herself. Methods leave room for individual creativity, new thoughts, and
focus on deeper understanding through one’s own ways of thinking and
problem-solving. This is central for the goals of Environmental Education.

Drama enables action and dialogue with one’s own self and with others. The
body, expressions, and “inner world” of the participants are used as working
tools in Green Drama. Thought, images, verbal expressions, body language,
senses and presence are important elements. Varied, participatory dialogue
and group work is essential in Green Drama, like in Drama Education.

The structure of the Green Drama program consists of (1.) warming up (2.)
working with the theme, and (3.) `”Final Act” . These work stages include for
example the methods and practices mentioned below.

1. Warming up
   Icebreakers and focusing to the theme, getting-to-know-each-other-,
   contact-, concentration- and sense-activities, body- and movement
   exercises and other so called group activities, stories, music, painting and

2. Working with the theme
   improvisation, mini-performances, creation of role characters and scene,
   functioning in the role and getting to know it, concentration- and sense-
   activities, story, games, songs, poems, drawing, writing, discussions

3. “Final act”
   Promise, concentration- and sense-activities, body- and movement-
   exercises, games, stories, music, writing, poems

   Methods to make drama are various. The activities used in Green Drama
   were chosen from field of the drama education because they promote well
   the goals of the environmental educational and because they are
   challenging, but not too difficult. Here few working methods are introduced
   more carefully:

Role-taking/Role-playing is the most important method of drama and it is
used in Green Drama too. The point of it is, that one steps into a role which is
pre-decided together, for example “Eco” or “Öky” and the participants are
acting in the situation like it would be real.

Through the role one can try out and train new issues and ways of action.
Stepping into a role enables access to ones own, or other peoples, inner
world and opens perspectives. It is safe to say and try things through a role.
In Green Drama, working with role is not the same as in a theatre, but is used
as a good tool to learning.

In improvisation one is acting in an imaginary situation. The performances
are not rehearsed, but they can be planned in advance. Besides acting,
also pantomime can work. To help with planning, the trainer can give for
example some lines or other frames. In Green Drama, the most important is
the content and the message.

The participants are drawing characters together in small groups. They can
also write down some common features of the character, for example
name, gender, age, hobbies. The characters will be used in the role playing.

THE instructor –IN- role
The instructor can lead the situation by taking a temporary role. For
example, when she/he is playing an elf.

The participants create in small groups a still-IMAGE, “a photograph” about
an event or an action. The pictures are shown to other participants. Other
participants wait eyes closed, until the group is ready with the picture. If
groups want, they can comment the pictures or develop them. Still-pictures
can be made as improvisation.

One of the participants goes in the middle of the room and starts to make a
movement or sound of his/her choosing. Other participants join the
machine/SCULPTURE one by one and become a part of the
machine/SCULPTURE, repeating their own movement or sound. A common
MACHINE will be formed. The machine can also be put to pieces in the end.
Each participant steps out from the machine when they like.


The learning in Green Drama is based on the idea of life-long learning. It is based
on the earlier experiences, knowledge, abilities to think and find connections.
Awareness and clarification of life experience, knowledge, values and personal
goals enable the continuous development of understanding.

Green Drama connects cognitive-constructive learning and means of humanism.
According to a humanistic learning concept, the learner is an active partner in the
learning process. The goal is to change the practices, to develop understanding of
self, testing strategies, and to assimilate new attitudes together with mental growth
and realization of personal possibilities. Like in drama, the process is emphasizing
the importance of social interaction, creativity, own initiative and realization of
ones own potentials.

Green Drama is used as a tool in social influencing. It can function both as a
learning tool of needed knowledge and skills, and as a changing power of society.
One can perceive relationships of interaction and ones own role in the surrounding
world through Green Drama.

Green Drama sets free the creativity of the participants and therefore enables
reflection and self-knowledge. With the help of reflection, the participants can put
their experiences into words and concepts. This helps in organizing ones own
thoughts and learning process. It enables the realization of the goals of
Environmental Education, and especially the needed change in the
actions/behavior of the participants.

The Green Drama –book includes the following 10 programs in Finnish:

*Connection of Three Corners – the dimensions of sustainable development
*Influencing Choices –ways of life
*Shopping for Beginners – shopping habits
*Suspicious Lifecycle – the lifecycle of a product
*World without Waste – the waste management
*Weird Object of a Fairy – consumerism
*Dark Thing! – energy matters
*Responsible Steps – traffic
*Furious Water Routes – water
*Big Quarrel of the Fairies and Trolls – eutrophication

The Green Drama activities issue sustainable lifestyle and ways of life from different
perspectives. The activities can be used as described, or each trainer/multiplier
can adapt the activities suitable for their group. The activities can be used as
orientation, inspiration, or repetition of the learned subject. All the activities have
been tested in practice.

The description of the programs include the goal, theme, target group, group size,
duration, needed equipment, special requirements of the room space and other
tips. Scissors and tape are needed in all the activities.

Each description includes the purpose from the environmental educations or
drama works perspective.

Most of the programs are suitable for youth and adults, except the “Weird Object
of a Fairy” –activity, which has been used with 7-10 year olds. The age of the target
group is only suggestive. The programs can be used with younger participants, if
the amount of knowledge of the group is sufficient. In some of the programs the
participants might need some basic knowledge, knowledge of the concepts and
certain level of thought. Most of the programs have been developed so, that
perceiving the big picture and reflection are needed to reach the goal of the
activity. This is why some of the activities are not suitable for very young

The programs have been developed so that the minimum size of the group is 8-10,
and the maximum is 25. The exception is the activity “The Connection of Three
Corners”, in which the maximum group size is 12. The duration of the programs is
1,5 – 2 hours. The programs are supposed to be made without breaks.

Part of the programs include get-to-know-each-other games in the beginning.
They are always being made, when the participants don’t know each others. If the
group members know each others, different concentration activities and
energizers can be used for orientation to the theme and to gain attention.

In the end of the programs, the participants make promises for the better future of
the world. There are different ways to make these promises. The feedback of the
participants can be asked in the end of the program or later. The trainer can
adapt the programs for example by adding to the end of the activities a
feedback discussion for reflection: How are you feeling now? What thoughts this
activity raised?

It is important to keep always in mind the general goal of Green Drama, and to
remember environmentally friendly ways of working also during the process.


Goal:                                                To increase awareness about ones own
                                                     consumer habits and their
                                                     environmental effects

Theme:                                               Own consumer habits, different lifestyles

Target group:                                        From 13-year olds to adults

Group size:                                          8-25 persons

Duration:                                            about 2 hrs

Materials and space needed:

-copies of the annex number 1 and 2
-marker pens
-small pieces of paper
-a dice
-3 boxes with the following texts: FACTS, OTHERS and ME


Eco = character, who is functioning super-environmentally friendly
Öky = character, who is functioning without caring about the environment.
(translator’s notice: This word Öky is a Finnish one without suitable English version, but for example
LUX could be used, which would come from “luxurious”)

When starting to draw Eco and Öky, you should define the gender of the
character for the groups.

   a) Orientation to the theme and space:

   1. MYSELF AS A CONSUMER –introduction, getting-to-know-each-others
   Everybody is standing in a circle. Everybody is thinking of a word, which
   describes themselves as a consumer. This will become a new “family name” for
   the person. This game could be made more difficult so, that the word should
   start with the first letter of their first name. Everybody in the circle says in their

time their own last name, and makes some movement. Others repeat the
name and the movement.

2. YES – GAME –concentration, getting-to-know-each-others

Everybody stands in a circle. The leader starts the exercise by taking an eye
contact with someone in the circle. When the person in the circle notices this,
the person will nod his/her head and say “yes”. After this, the leader will walk
towards that person to change to his/her place in the circle. Next, the person
who lost the place needs to continue the same practice. This exercise lasts, until
everybody in the circle has changed their place.

In the next round, in stead of saying “yes”, the person needs to say the name
made up in the previous exercise.

3. FACES OF THE CONSUMPTION –introduction to the theme

Everybody stands in a circle. A person who begins will be chosen. He/she
chooses a movement, which others repeat. The starter gives her/his turn to
another one by touching him/her to the shoulder. This will be repeated.

In suitable moments, the leader will interrupt the game by saying “stop”. The
leader will read a claim (annex 1.) to which the participants are answering no /
yes. The persons answering “yes” have to go down on their knees, and the ones
answering “no” have to stand up and raise their hands up. The leader gives the
right answer, after which the game continues. (Please see the annex 1.)

b) Working with the subject / basic level:

4. STORY OF ECO AND ÖKY –getting to know different ways of life

Eco- and Öky –puzzle: Division into groups
The groups are made with the help of the Eco and Öky –papers (annex 2.)
When you want 4 groups, you need 2 sets of the papers. If you have for
example 20 participants, you cut all the 4 papers in pieces. The pieces are
given to the participants, one to each. They need to find their group by making
the puzzle.

Drawing Eco and Öky – creating the roles/characters
The groups are given big paper sheets and marker pens. The groups draw their
Eco or Öky and the qualities of the characters: name, gender, age, hobbies,
appearance, hopes, dreams, work, family and other things which come to
mind. After this, the final results are introduced to the other groups.

Dating –announcement –taking the roles, introducing the ways of life
Ecos and Ökys are making a dating announcement of themselves to a dating
program of TV, and what kind of date company are they looking for. From the
newspapers, the Ecos and Ökys are making their outfits. The leader is the host of

the TV-program and invites the participants. The other participants can make
questions to the one in the program.

Dates – testing the ways of life and comparing them, role-playing, discussion
The leader informs everybody taking part to the “dating program” that he/she
has found company to the participants. But unfortunately there has become a
computer failure, and therefore the partners are not totally matching the hopes
of the date.

Each one is Öky or Eco according to their group. The Ecos and Ökys are made
into couples, who are meeting on dates. The dates are made simultaneously by
acting. The leader is saying the time and the place, by choosing one of the
dating announcements.

The experiences and meeting with people with different ways of life are
discussed together in small groups (not being in roles anymore).

c) Working with the subject / personal level:

5. SHAKING HANDS AND OWN NAME –stepping out of the role

Stepping out of the role. The participants are walking around in the room and
shaking hands with each others by saying their real full name.

6. WHO IS DRIVING A BICYCLE? -mapping the ways of living

Everybody is standing in a circle. One is in the middle of the circle. The person
being in the middle is thinking the ecological and sustainable habits, which
she/he has done in her/his life. S/he selects one of them and asks for example
“Who is driving a work/school trip by bicycle?” Those, who are doing so,
change the place in the circle. One can’t change place with the person
standing next to him/her, but anybody else in the circle. The person in the
middle tries to take his/her place. The person without a place asks the next
question. (This game can be done also by sitting in a circle.)

   consumption habbits

The leader has small pieces of paper and three boxes, which have the
following texts: FACTS, OTHERS, and ME. The participants write to the papers
their own shopping criteria, the reasons to what they buy and why (1 thing per
paper). After this, the participants are putting their papers to the appropriate
FACTS = papers including things, which the person feels that she/he can’t
influence her/himself.
OTHERS = things, for which the reasons are other people
ME = things, to which you can influence yourself.

The participants choose themselves, which subjects they put to which box. In
this exercise, there are no wrong or right answers, as everybody are thinking
their subjects from their own perspective. One subject which can be a fact for
one person, can be a “me” –subject for another one. For example, that there is
not an ecologic coffee in the local supermarket, can be a fact to one person,
but for another a subject to which they can influence.

After the distribution to the boxes, the leader is throwing away the boxes of
FACTS and OTHERS by saying “We can’t do anything for the facts, and to
change other persons is difficult. First, we need to examine our own choices
and behaviour. The real change is starting from ourselves.”

d) Conclusion:

8. A POEM TO CHANGE THE WORLD –problem solving, motivation

The groups are distributed the papers from the ME –box. The groups are making
a poem, where these words are included, and possible problems are solved.
The groups perform their poems with choreography to the other groups.

9. PROMISE - own choices

Everybody is in a circle. The participants are thinking by themselves, how they
are ready to change their own way of life towards more environmentally
friendly way. Everybody chooses one issue, which they promise to do soon. The
promise is whispered to the person sitting next to.


The leader has a dice. Everybody throws the dice in their turn and describe
their feelings and thoughts of that moment by so many words as they throw
with the dice.


Goal:                                       Increasing awareness about the
                                            different, concrete dimensions of
                                            sustainable development.

Theme:                                      Three areas of sustainable development

Target group:                               From 13-year olds to adults

Group size:                                 9-12 persons

Duration:                                   about 2 hrs

Materials and space needed:

-an outfit for “the specie protector” (the trainer), eg. a hat and a cape
-cards of “dimensions of sustainable development”
-3 big-sized papers
-music player
-frames of a “tv-screen” made from cardboard.
-music CD’s with rhythmic music


The activity can be made with one trainer, but it is easier, if another trainer acts the
“specie protector”. In the activity “Triangle run”, the trainer can make the triangle
to the floor by using tape already before the program starts.

   e) Orientation to the theme and space:

   11. ME AND SUSTAINABILITY –introduction to the theme, getting-to-know-each-

   Each participant receives 6 pieces of paper and a pen. The participants write
   to the papers 3 things about themselves and 3 things about sustainable
   development. All the papers will be mixed. Each participant gets 6 new papers
   (3 with personal characteristics and 3 with sustainable development). If
necessary, the participants can change the papers with each others. If a
participant is not satisfied with all the papers s/he finally has, it doesn’t matter.
In the end, each participant reads the papers to the others.

12. CLAIMS –mapping and sharing opinions

In the room is formed a line, which has two poles. One pole is “Agree” and
another one is “Disagree”. Trainer will say few claims, and the participants find
their place in the line according to their opinion. The participants must explain
their opinion to the person standing next to them, or if being in small room, to

     a. Promotion of sustainable development is a task of a state and
        municipalities, not of an individual person.
     b. Science and technology can solve environmental problems.
     c. Environmental protection is protection of the humankind.
     d. Be ready to reduce your own quality of life for the sake of the
        sustainable development.

f) Working with the subject / basic level:

13. YEAR 2100 –basic conditions for life, increasing awareness

3.1. The Specie Protector – transition, imaginary world
In the room is arriving “a specie protector” (trainer) who is dressed up with
space theme. The specie protector makes a sound signal, which transits
everybody to the year 2100.

The specie protector is introducing him/herself and gives a task to the

Welcome to the year 2100!
I am the Specie Protector of all the living of the Universe. This time my task is to
save a part of the human race. Like you know about the history of the Earth,
equal distribution of natural resources became finally through. All the people of
the world started to consume as much as you, the residents of so called
industrialized countries. There was only one problem: The Earth could not take it,
and it became unlivable. You have been chosen amongst the people of the
Earth to continue life in the new planet. To make sure the human race is going
to prevail, make three small groups.

If Specie Protector is an assisting trainer, s/he leaves the room after this exercise,
because there are many species in the Universe, who are in trouble on various
reasons. S/he leaves the task by giving 3 cards to the trainer.

3.2. Preconditions for Life – choices
Trainer will distribute the cards to the groups, one per group. Each card has a
topic, under which the group has things needed for the new, empty planet, to
prevail the life. The texts of the cards are:
    o Physical and mental well-being
    o Economic well-being
    o Environment and nature

Each group will get a big piece of paper, to which they list 10-15 topics
according to their topic. These listed things they want to take with them to a
new planet.

The papers will be put on the wall for the other groups to see. If other
participants are not sure, why some listed issue is brought up, the group must
explain it so, that others accept the reasoning.

3.3. Auction of Sustainable Development – mapping
The trainer has about 10 topics, which s/he is auctioning like a broker to the
groups of participants. These topics are eg. clean water, a mobile phone,
sunset, a car, a space ship, forest, a dog, a credit card of the Universe. The
groups can buy these goods by paying them from those topics, which they
have listed in the previous exercise. The price depends how many groups are
interested. The bought topic will be written to a list, and the exchanged topics
will be removed from the list.

3.4. The World of Choices – realization
The groups prepare short improvised performances, how is their life in the new
planet. The groups have only those things with them, which they have in their list
after the auction.

3.5. Good News – problem solving
The trainer has a message from the specie protector. According to the
message, the human race can make 3 wishes, each group one. The groups are
solving their possible problems by making their wish.

The trainer brings out “a TV-screen”, which sends internal news of the Universe.
Groups (or part of the group) come one by one to perform as a newsreader, to
tell what they wished for and what their good wish will bring along.

After the news, the trainer will give a signal, which returns the participants back
to the real time.


Discussion about the activity, preconditions for good life, different dimensions of
sustainable development and their relationship to each others. The trainer will
show “a green triangle” on the floor. The corners of this triangle represent the 3
different areas presented in the activity 3.2. The dimensions of sustainable
development and green triangle are quite the same.
   g) Working with the subject / personal level:

   4.1. Triangle Run –connection, concretization
   Everybody gathers around the triangle so that the 3 groups go to stand next to
   their own topic (as in activity 3.2.). The papers of those 2 topics are put in the
   corners of the triangle.

   One of the participants is in the middle of the triangle, and tells about some
   activity of her/his everyday life, such as brushing teeth. After this, the ones in the
   corners start to act (pantomime) this activity from the perspective of the topic
   in their triangle. Usually each activity is connected to all these 3 perspectives. If
   necessary, it is possible especially in the beginning, to take few activities and to
   clarify their influences.

   After the participants in the corners have acted, all of those, who are doing
   that activity in their own everyday life, go to that corner of the triangle which is
   their reason for eg. brushing teeth. After this, the participants return to their own
   place in triangle.

   This will be continued couple of rounds, depending of the number of

   h) Conclusion:

   15. DANCE OF GOOD DEEDS - own choices

Everybody is in a circle. Rhythmic music is playing on the background. The
participants are choosing one action towards a more sustainable future, which
they are going to realize. One of the participants starts making a movement,
which is describing his/her action, and other repeat. This continues so long, that all
the participants have showed their moves.


Goal:                                        To motivate participants to save
                                             energy, and to become aware to
                                             observe personal energy use.

Theme:                                       Energy saving, different forms of energy

Target group:                                From 13-year olds to adults

Group size:                                  8-25 persons

Duration:                                    about 1,45 hrs

Materials and space needed:

-some music CDs
-papers including the different energy forms
-1 candle per group
-big flashlights
-A3 /A2 –size papers
-a room which can be made dark


The lights must be turned off during the part 4. The lights will be put on after the
activity. If you have flashlights, they can be used as spot lights during the

   i) Orientation to the theme and space:

   16. TREE – WIND –SUN –introduction to the theme, division into groups

   Suitable music is playing on the background. The participants are moving freely
   in the room. The trainer is saying a random number, and the participants form
   groups according to the number. For example, when the trainer says “three”,
   the participants form groups of three persons. After the groups have been
   formed, the trainer will give the discussion topic for the groups, which will be
   about renewable energy sources. After short discussion, the participants will
   continue walking, until the trainer gives a new number, the new subject being

non-renewable energy sources. Both topics can be discussed couple of times
in groups.

Energy sources:

Renewable energy sources:
wind, sun, wood and other energy source plants, geothermal heating, water

Non-renewable energy sources:
oil, coal, natural gas, turf/peat, nuclear power and waste burning

The last group size is formed depending how many persons there are
participating in total.

j) Working with the subject / basic level:

17. ENERGY SOURCES –sharing knowledge

The trainer chooses the energy forms used in the exercise according to the goal,
knowledge of the participants and group size. The trainer is writing the energy
forms in the pieces of paper, giving one theme per group. The groups are
choosing their own theme.

The groups are thinking, what that energy form is about and how it is produced.
After this, each group is making a poem or a story, to which they make
choreography. The result is shown to the other groups. If necessary, the other
groups are guessing, which energy form it is about.

18. THE BEST CHOICE –transition, increasing awareness

Groups discuss, which way to produce energy they consider the most
environmentally friendly, and what kind of energy they use themselves.

The trainer is closing off the lights in a suitable moment of the exercise.

19. POWER CUT –trying out an imaginary situation

4.1. To the darkness! – making it real
Trainer makes the room dark by cutting off the lights and informing the group
about temporary power cut. The groups are thinking, what they can’t do now

   without the electricity, even if they would like to. The groups make together a
   list of these things. Each group is given candles, matches, pens and paper.

   4.2. Priorities – my own choice, compromise
   Two groups will be combined together. The combined group will choose 5
   functions from the list, which they would like to do, if the power would come
   back for 2 hours.

   After this, new groups are combined. This time the group chooses 3 matters,
   which would be done, if the power would come back for 2 hours. The idea is
   that in the end of the activity, there will be 2-3 groups.

   4.3. Pictures of the Future – dependence on the energy production, moving in
   The groups will think, how their life would change, if the power cut would
   continue longer. Groups will make “a photograph” (still-picture) of the situations,
   how life has changed after
   a) a week,
   b) a month
   The still-pictures are shown to the other groups. The viewers can comment the
   pictures, if they like.

   20. NEWSPAPER ARTICLE –motivation

   The participants will become newspaper journalists, and each one chooses a
   pair. The journalists have experienced the power cut, and have noticed how
   important it is to save energy. They want to inspire everybody to energy-saving.
   The journalist pairs will make attractive articles about the topic.

   The pairs will receive paper and pens from the trainer. After each article is
   ready, each pair will read out their articles for the other participants.

   k) Working with the subject / personal level:

   21. PATH OF CONSCIENCE -influencing

Journalists are marketing their newspaper by shouting the texts in their article,
everybody at the same time. Next, the journalists will form two lines facing each
others. One can barely walk between these lines. From the end of the line, the
participants will start walking through the middle of lines, one by one. At the same
time, the other will try to advertise their articles to the person walking in the middle,
trying to say the most attractive things about the article. After going through, the
person stands again in the line and starts marketing his/her article.

When everybody have gone through, the participants go back to the original

   22. LET’S SAVE ENERGY! –mapping, concrete actions

The groups will think ways to save energy. They choose one of them, and it will be
performed as a pantomime to the other participants.

   l) Conclusion:

   23. PROMISE - own choices

   Everybody is in a circle. Calm music is playing on the background. The
   participants are choosing one way to change energy, which they are going to
   do. The promise is whispered to the person sitting next to.

   24. CIRCELING CANDLE - feedback

   The leader puts a candle going around in the circle. The person who holds the
   candle, can say his/her thoughts to the other participants.



Jaana Hiltunen,


Faces of the consumption

  a) Every person in an industrialized country consumes natural resources about
     100 shopping bags per week.
     (right answer: 300 bags)

  b) 4/5 of the world’s natural resources are used by 1/5 by the world population.
     (right answer: yes, but the difference is getting wider)

  c) The consumption of the Finnish people has increased by 50 % in couple of
     (right answer: correct – please use here an example from your own country)

  d) If the consumption of the developing countries would reach the
     consumption levels of the industrial countries, the use of natural resources is
     going to double.
     (right answer: it is going to increase 4 times)

  e) According to the evaluations the population of the world is going to be
     about 10 milliard in the year 2050. In this case the use of natural resources is
     going to increase eight times.
     (right answer: correct)

  f) The ecologically sustainable use of the natural resources would be about
     the half of what it is now.
     (right answer: correct)

  g) So that the use of the natural resources would be equal between the
     people of the world, the people in the industrial countries should decrease
     their consumption about half of what it is now.
     (right answer: 1/10 of what it is now, 90 %)

  (Source: The Finnish conservation society, Suomen luonnonsuojeluliitto ry. )



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