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					Unit Seven Scandal
     It refers to action, attitude,
etc that is disgraceful or
shameful. We can divide it based
on different fields such as
political scandal, economic
scandal, entertainment scandal,
charity scandal, etc.
Part A New York Times‟ Scandal
      Winter lingered (v.). /The
Ⅰ. Vocabulary Preparation: traditions ~.
   lingering /  / continuing to exist for longer
    than usual or desirable 延迟的
    a ~ illness/ the ~fear
    This will dispel your ~ doubts.
   plagiarism /  / when someone
              plagiarize (v.) other people‟s research ~
    uses another person„s words, ideas, or work and /pretends they
    are their a play book from another author
              own 剽窃;抄袭
    be accused of ~
   uproar /  / a lot of noise or angry protest about
    something an uproarious (v.) crowd / an ~ burst of laughter
                骚动;吵闹;喧嚣
    The public ~ over nuclear-radiation hazards continues to mount.
    No words could be heard in the ~ .
 haunt /  / to cause problems for someone
  over a long period of time 萦绕心头
  be ~ed by the fear of cancer
  This is a problem that ~s all of us.
  Long after the panic and the pain had passed , she was
  ~ed by the experience.
 fabrication /  / a piece of
        fabricate (v.) an accusation / has invented in order
  information or story that someone ~ lies
  to deceive people 伪造物
  The rumors were mere ~s.
 address /  / to make a formal speech to a
  large group of people 发表演说;向…致辞
  ~ a meeting                 a television address (n.)
 impromptu /  / said or done
  at once without preparation 即席的;临时的;事先
  无准备的
  a speech made ~            a series of ~ statements
  give an ~ talk             an ~ press conference
 newsroom /  / the office in a
  newspaper or broadcasting company where news is
  received and news reports are written 新闻编辑室
 stunned /  / too surprised or shocked to speak
  吃惊的;目瞪口呆的
  I was ~ to hear the news of his death.
  stun (v.) sb. with questions
  The natural beauty of the mountain stuns (v.) the visitors.
 tender /  / to formally offer to someone 正式
  提出
  ~ one‟s advice/protest/resignation/ thanks/apologies
  ~ an invitation            ~ one.s services to sb.
 saga /  / a long and complicated series of
  events, or a description of this 一长串事件
  I related some of the episodes of my domestic ~.
  The company‟s collapse was a ~ of financial
  mismanagement.
 set off to make something start happening, especially
  when you do not intend to do so 引发;致使
  A letter from him ~ an attack of homesickness.
  The landslides were ~ by the earthquake.
 in the wake of coming after or following something 接
  踵而至;在…之后
  wrecked houses~ a hurricane
  hunger and disease ~ the war
  They submitted resigations ~ a scandal.
 unleash /  / to suddenly let a strong
  force, feeling, etc. have its full effect 释放
  ~ the force of nuclear power
  He ~ed a torrent of abuse against the unfortunate shop
  assistant.
 rolling heads severe punishment 处罚;严惩
 clipping /  / an article or picture that
  has been cut out of a newspaper or magazine 剪辑;
  剪报
  a newspaper ~/ a ~ bureau(agency)
  Mother clipped (v.) the recipe and pasted it in her book.
   clip (v.) a week‟s papers
 integrity /  / the quality of being
  honest and strong about what you believe to be right 正
  直;诚实
  He‟s a man of ~; he won‟t break his promise.
  mutual respect for territorial ~ 互相尊重领土完整
Ⅱ. Note

 Jayson Blair (1976-) an African-American
  reporter. He resigned from his former employer
  The New York Times on May 1, 2003 after the
  newspaper found fraud, plagiarism and
  inaccuracies in 36 of his 73 articles. Further
  investigation led to the resignation of editor
  Howell Raines and managing editor Gerald Boyd
  on June 5, 2003. 杰森·布莱尔
 Ⅲ. Exercise
  Listen to the news report and fill in the blanks
 Shihab Rattasi (Worldnews): The top two editors
  of The New York Times have resigned amid the
  lingering plagiarism scandal of the paper. The
  uproar was haunted by the discovery of wide-
  spread fabrication by a Times reporter. Michael
  Loku reports.
 Michael Loku (CNN correspondent): Staff
  sources say, Raines and Boyd
 1addressed the newsroom at 10:30 with what was
  described as an impromptu morning gathering. The
  staff‟s mood, sad
and stunned. Twenty minutes later, applause.
Not so much in celebration of the institution‟s
future as staffers said, but
2 rather an awkward appreciation of the
two men‟s past.
Times publisher, Arthur Sulzberger, Jr. accepted
their resignations just three weeks after saying
he would not. Howell and Gerald have
3 tendered their resignations , he said in a
statement, and I‟ve accepted them with sadness
based on what we believe is best for the Times.
It is 4 the latest chapter         of perhaps the
darkest saga in the Times 152-year history set off
by the serial fabrication of former Times reporter
Jayson Blair.
 Voice of Lena Williams (Union Representative): In the
  wake of what I believe is the Mr. Jayson Blair affair, that
  not only the executive editor, but the managing editor,
  5 two top journalists in this country, have had to
  step down is not something that you‟re gonna see
  anybody in The New York Times dancing in the aisles
  over.
 Michael Loku: In an email to CNN, Blair said, quote, “I‟m
  sorry to hear that more people have fallen in
  6 this sequence of events               that I had unleashed.
  I wish the rolling heads had stopped with mine.”
 For weeks, staffers have privately complained that Raines
  and Boyd had ignored
  7 the warning signals           . Now, many are expressing
  relief.
 Deborath Sontag (Reporter): I think that it‟s now a clean
  break, that‟s probably a good thing. It makes me feel sad
  personally
  8 for the individuals involved             . But, we‟re not
  getting back to work. We‟ve been thinking about this and
  talking about this constantly. It‟s been a distraction.
 Michael Loku: Others are expressing joy.
 Jerellekraus (Art Director): Oh I‟m so happy.
 Michael Loku: The New York Times has always been
  considered 9 a paper of record                 . So imagine
  this, one of the women you‟ve just heard from, Debbie
  Sontag, a reporter for the Sunday Times magazine said
  that in the last several weeks,
that in the last several weeks, she‟s been
 compelled to send news clippings of some of her
 works to
10 potential interview subjects . Why?
 Because they had questioned the integrity and
 the accuracy of the paper. Michael Loku CNN,
 New York.
   Part B Football Rape
          He had a racking (adj.) headache.
                 Preparation:
Ⅰ. Vocabulary~ed (v.) with doubt and pain.
          I was
 rack /  / to make someone suffer great mental or
  physical pain 折磨;使痛苦
  a~ of gout(痛风)
 surface /  / to become known about or easy
  to notice 显现;披露
  A thought ~d in his mind.
  In May 1980 he fled Turkey and next ~d in Italy.
 rep /  / reputation 名声;名誉
  a man of doubtful ~.
  If you say with the gang any length of time, you will get a ~.
 privileged /  / to treat
  some people or things better than others 有特权
  的   In countries where there are still not many schools,
      education is a privilege (n.).
       ~ treatment
  get One of the obstacles tosb.‟s ~status is ~.~ classes
                               social harmony
  We are ~ to live on a very precious planet.
             / to deliberately use
 abuse / an abuse (n.) of power/authority
  something for the wrong purpose or for your own
  advantage 滥用;妄用
  ~ one‟s authority (office)
  He ~d his privileges.
  In activities outside his official capacity, he has ~d
  my confidence in him.
 alleged /  / an alleged fact, etc. is one
      The newspaper has happened or is true, although it
  that someone says allege (v.) the mayor‟s guilt.
  has not been proved 声称的;所谓的
      The man ~s that his watch has been stolen.
  an ~ antique vase            sb‟s ~ friends
 back /  / to support someone or something 支
  持
  ~ a plan / ~ sb.in an argument
 place kicker a rugby or American football player who
  kicks the ball after it has been placed or held on the
  ground 踢定位球的球员
 blame the messenger to be angry with the person who
  tells you about something bad, instead of the person
  who caused it to happen 责怪报信者
 utterly /  / completely or totally 完全的,彻
  底的 an utter (adj.) stranger / ~ disregard
              of one‟s own of what may
  They seem ~ unaware well-being happen.
  I am ~ convinced of your loyalty to your colleagues.
 insensitive /  / not noticing, or not
  taking the care to notice, other people„s feelings, and not
  realizing when they are upset or when something that you
  do will upset them 感觉迟钝的;麻木不仁的
  He was ~ to public opinion.
  the ~ attitude of the government
 predator /  / someone who tries to use
          a predatory (adj.) war / carry out ~
  another person„s weakness to get advantages 掠夺者
          fishing in other countries‟ sea areas
  This city was an easy prey for the ~s.
Ⅱ. Notes
 University of Colorado the flagship university of the
  University of Colorado system. With its unique Tuscan
  sandstone architecture and its location nestled under
  the Flatiron rock formations of Boulder, the campus is
  considered to be one of the most beautiful in the United
  States. 科罗拉多大学
 Boulder /  / a city of north-central
  Colorado. It is home to the University of Colorado at
  Boulder 波尔德(美国科罗拉多州)
Ⅲ. Exercise
 Listen to the news report and choose the best
  the answer to the following questions.

1. What happened at the University of Colorado?
   A. A big football game.
   B. A sex scandal about a football coach.
   C. A stigma on the university‟s reputation.
   D. The loss of a school football program.
2. Why was the coach Gary Barnett put on an
   administrative leave?
   A. Because he clearly abused his privileges.
   B. Because he raped six different women.
   C. Because his football players raped six women
      players.
   D. Because he was involved in the rape scandal.
3. What was the coach‟s attitude towards Kitty
   Nita, a former player in his team?
   A.   He believed she was an incompetent player.
   B.   He showed his deepest sympathy for her.
   C.   He denied that he knew anything about her.
   D.   He was very sensitive to her accusations.
4. How did the University administrators react to the
    coach‟s remarks?
   A. They backed him 100% no matter what happened.
   B. They thought his remarks were improper.
   C. They believed what he did was necessary.
   D. They fired him for his insensitive remarks.
5. Which of the following words best describe some
   of the faculty‟s reaction to the scandal?
   A. Indignant.
   B. Insensitive.
   C. Forgiving.
   D. Pleased.
Part C Charity Scandal
Ⅰ. Vocabulary Preparation:
 rodeo /  / a type of entertainment
  in which cowboys ride wild horses, catch cattle with
  ropes, and ride in races 牛仔竞技;骑术表演
 sickle-cell anemia a serious illness that mainly affects
  black people, in which the blood cells change shape,
  causing weakness and fever 镰状红细胞贫血症
 recipient /  / someone who
  receives something 接受者;获得者
  a welfare ~
  the ~ of a letter / prize
 copycat /  / someone who
  copies other people„s clothes, behavior, work etc
  仿效者;模仿者
 con man /   / someone who tries
  to get money from people by tricking them 骗子
 terminally /  / in a way
  that can not be cured 末期地;晚期地
  a hospice for the ~ ill
  terminal (adj.) cancer/ the ~ ward
  His illness is ~, i.e. cannot be cured.
 callous /  / not caring that other people are
  suffering 无情的;麻木的
   a ~ person,attitude,etc.
  He was so~ about it all.
 brochure /  / a small booklet or
  pamphlet, often containing promotional material or
  product information 小册子
  a travel /holiday ~
 legitimate /  / acceptable or
  allowed by law 合法的
  a ~ government / the ~ owner of the property
  I‟m not sure that his business is strictly ~.
 cohort /  / a companion or an
  associate 同伴,合伙人
   a job seeking ~
  She has a ~of admirers.
 charitable /  / kind and
  sympathetic in the way you judge people 仁慈的
  a ~ woman / That was‟t a very ~ remark.
  do sth. out of charity (n.)           a charity bazaar (show)
 prosecute /  / to charge
  someone with a crime and try to show that they are
  guilty of it in a court of law 起诉;告发
  ~a crime              ~ sb. for fraud         ~ a claim
 philanthropy /  / the practice of
  giving money and help to people who are poor or in
  trouble慈善事业
  Among his ~ are …
 plague /  / a cause of annoyance; a nuisance
  令人头痛的事;苦恼
  London‟s fogs used to be a ~ to residents.
  That child is the ~ of my life.
 tax-exempt /  / tax-free;
  on which tax need not be paid 免税的
  ~ bonds
Ⅱ. Note
 Make-A-Wish Foundation a US charity
  organization that helps children who are
  extremely ill get something that they want very
  much “愿望成真”基金会
 Ⅲ. Exercise
     Listen to the news report and decide whether
     the following statements are true or false.
1.   The Make-A-Wish Foundation is a foundation that
     grants the last wishes of terminally ill people.
2.   Many copycats and con men have turned to
     setting up charities because they see in them a
     chance to collect big money for themselves.
3.   The charity scams can easily elude criminal
     charges as long as they contribute 1 percent of
     their collection to charity.
4. Many founders of the charity scams were put
   behind bars for their failure to keep to their
   promises.
5. Now Americans are more cautious when they
   contribute money because they know most of the
   charities are engaged in illegal deals.

Keys: 1.   False       2.    True
     3.    True        4.    False
     5.    False
  Part D Drug Company Kickbacks
Ⅰ.Vocabulary Preparation
 kickback /  / money that someone
  pays secretly and dishonestly in return for someone‟s
  help 回扣;佣金 (v.) to have demanded a
          He is to allege
          ransom of one ~ on her
  The boss demanded a million. wages.
 allegedly /  / used when reporting
  something that people say is true, although it has not
  been proved 据称;涉嫌
  This is ~ the case.
  The novel was ~ written by a computer.
 showcase /  / to display prominently,
              to advantage for new comics.
  especiallyThe club is a ~展示;突出地展示
  ~ one‟s ability
 pharmaceutical / 
  / relating to the production of drugs and medicines 制
  药的
  a ~ company / a ~ society / the ~ industry
             / to / ~ prices
 inflate / inflated (adj.) currency raise or expand
  abnormally or improperly 不当地高涨;不正常地抬
            Keep inflation (n.) under control
  高
  The buyers bid against each other and often ~ the
  prices they buy.
  The government would ~ the economy and then put on
  price control.
 prostate /  / an organ in the body of
  male mammals that is near the bladder and that
  produces a liquid in which sperm are carried 前列腺
 bribe /  / to illegally give someone,
         pay/give/offer ~ to sb.
  especially a public official, money or a gift in order to
         accept/take a something
  persuade them to do~ from sb. for you 贿赂
  He ~d his way to power.
 prescribe /  / to say what
           Write out a description (n.)
  medicine or treatment a sick person should have 开药;
  开处方make out, fill, compound a ~
  The doctor ~d the usual soporific (安眠药) to/for me.
  The doctor ~d some pills / rest in bed for my cold.
              indict (v.) sb on the charge of an official
 indictment /  / murder / be ~ed
              for manslaughter/ be ~ed with a criminal
  written statement charging someonewith theft
  offence 诉状;控告
  bring in an ~ against sb            be under ~ for fraud
  ~s against the firm were dismissed.
 tab /  / an amount of money that you owe, or a
  record of an amount of money that you owe 账单;费用
  pay the ~ for dinner for two
  Who would get the ~ for all this extravagance ?
 guideline /  / rules or instructions
  about the best way to do something 方针;规则
  adopt new ~s for the national defense
  a book that includes ~s on every aspect of running home
  The past offers ~s (mandates) to the present and future.
  Today the moral ~s are less obvious than they were.
 smoke screen an action or a statement used to
  conceal actual plans or intentions 烟幕
  provide a ~ for a policy
  The propaganda machine threw out a ~ that …
 voluntary /  / done willingly and
  without being forced 自愿的;主动的
  a ~ organization          ~ service
  a ~ army                  a ~ contribution
  The prisoner made a ~ statement.
  Attendance is purely ~ .
Ⅱ. Notes
 TAP Pharmaceutical Products Inc a joint venture
  between two global pharmaceutical leaders, Abbott
  Laboratories and Takeda Chemical Industries Ltd.
  Today, TAP is one of the leading pharmaceutical
  companies in the US. TAP制药公司
 Lake Forest a city of northeast Illinois, a residential
  suburb of Chicago on Lake Michigan. 莱克·福里
  斯特(美国伊利诺斯州东北部的一座城市)
 Lupron /  / a drug commonly
  used for the palliative treatment of advanced
  prostate cancer 一种常用治疗前列腺癌的药
  物
Ⅲ. Exercise: Open-ended Discussion
1. What should a doctor take into consideration
   when he is about to choose a drug treatment
   for an ill patient? Should doctors not choose a
   particular drug because manufacturers may
   give them kickbacks?
2. How should the line between marketing and
   kickbacks be drawn?
3. Suppose you are a pharmaceutical
   representative of a drug company, what will
   you do to promote a health or medical product?
4. Upon a successful surgery, some patients in
   China like to give the surgeon a gift or bonus.
   What is your opinion on this issue?

5. Do you think accepting kickbacks is also a
   form of bribery? Find information on what
   industries are prone to kickbacks and learn
   about the possible punishments for accepting
   kickbacks.
1.   What should a doctor take into consideration
     when he is about to choose a drug treatment
     for an ill patient? Should doctors not choose a
     particular drug because manufacturers may
     give them kickbacks?
     The top priority should be the well-being and
     good health of the ill patient instead of profits.
     They shouldn't ignore their ethic morality as a
     doctor for the sake of handsome profits by
     taking kickbacks.
2.   How should the line between marketing and
     kickbacks be drawn?
     In my opinion, kickbacks are expected to banned
     when marketing, thus establishing a healthy and
     fair market to promote drug purchase.

    Suppose you are a pharmaceutical representative
     of a drug company, what will you do to promote a
     health or medical product?
     I‟ll get familiarized with the medical effects of
     various drugs and promote the health-benefiting
     ones to the hospital and patients. Only in this way
     can we conquer the market.
4.   Upon a successful surgery, some patients in China
     like to give the surgeon a gift or bonus. What is your
     opinion on this issue?
     It‟s a traditional Chinese way to express sincere
     gratitude, but a proper but inexpensive gift, as I see it,
     is more appropriate than a bonus.
5.   Do you think accepting kickbacks is also a form of
     bribery? Find information on what industries are prone
     to kickbacks and learn about the possible
     punishments for accepting kickbacks.
     Yes, it‟s also a form of bribery. In governments,
     hospitals, construction companies, even in schools,
     some in charge of authority are prone to accept
     bribery.
     Part E Our Darkest Days Are Here
Ⅰ. Vocabulary Preparation
 assassination /  / the act of
  murdering an important person 暗杀;刺杀
  attempt/carry out an ~              a political ~
 torture /  / to deliberately hurt someone in
  order to force them to give you information, to punish them,
  or to be cruel 折磨;拷打
  put sb. to ~                        suffer ~s from a toothache
  Many of the prisoners died under ~.
 leash /  / a piece of rope, leather etc fastened to a
  dog„s collar in order to control it 栓狗颈的皮带
  The police ordered that all dogs had to be ~es.
 crust /  / the hard brown outer surface of
  bread 面包皮
  The ~ of the bread is burnt.
  Cut the ~s off when you make sandwiches.
 sip /  / a very small amount of a drink 呷一小口;
  吸一口
   take a ~ of beer taste … in a ~
  sip (v.) ~ at coffee / ~ tea
 chop something off to remove something by cutting it
  with a sharp tool 砍下
  chop off a finger
  He chopped a branch off the tree.
  I had his head chopped off.
 decent /  / of a good enough standard or
         an offense moral standards that He didn't
  quality; following against decency (n.) /are acceptable to
  society 体面的;正派的 (n.) to call.
         even have the decency
   a ~ burial
        cultural desert (n.) / a for doubt
  She did not have a ~ dress ~ ofthe ball.
         ~ black people were robbed.
  Somedesert (v.) a friend / one‟s wife
 desert /  / of, relating to, or characteristic
  of a desert; barren and uninhabited 不毛的;荒凉的
  ~ wastes, sands, etc.
 immortal /  / living or continuing for ever
  不朽的Beethoven is immortalized (v.) by his great works.
     the immortality (n.) of the greatThe soul is ~.
  ~ poetry                             achievements
  The heroes of the people are ~.人民英雄永垂不朽。
 deteriorate /  / to
        A worse deterioration
  becomesudden 使…恶化 (n.) in the weather
  Relations between the two countries begin to ~ in
  1965. His work has ~ed in recent years.
  His health ~d with ages.
 dramatic /  / intended to be
      a dramatically people notice 戏剧性的;引人
  impressive so that (adv.) successful performance /
  注目的 be dramatically (adv.) dropped
  a series of ~ upheavals
  ~ new evidence about human origins
  the dollar‟s ~ fall
  Her opening words were ~.
 sense /  / feel something is true without being
        sense (n.) of time / beauty / loss
  toldaor having proof 感到;察觉 /
      solitude/ duty / obligation / responsibility
  We ~d the tension in the conference room.
  He could ~ nobody near him.
  He ~d that she was making fun of him.
 slip away to leave a place secretly or without anyone
  noticing 溜走;悄悄过去
  slip away before the end of the meeting
  Another month has slip away/by without being seen.
  The opportunity will slip away for another year.
 Ⅱ. Notes
 Nicholas Evan Berg (1978-2004) a young
  American businessman seeking
  telecommunications work in Iraq during the US-led
  occupation there, who was captured and beheaded
  apparently by Islamist militants possibly connected
  to al Qaeda, on May 8, 2004. His killing was said to
  have been carried out to avenge abuses of Iraqi
  prisoners by US soldiers at Abu Ghraib prison in
  Baghdad. 尼古拉斯•埃文•伯格
 Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) an explorer
  and trader who crossed the Atlantic Ocean and
  reached the Americas in 1492 under the flag of
  Castile, a part of Spain 克里斯托弗•哥伦布
 Stock Market Crash in 1929 the most famous
  crash in 1929, when the Dow dropped 50%,
  preceded the Great Depression. The succeeding
  years saw the Dow drop a total of over 85%. 1929年
  股市风暴
 Pearl Harbor an important US naval base in
  Hawaii, which was suddenly attacked by Japanese
  planes in December 1941. Many warships were
  destroyed or damaged, causing great shock and
  anger in the US, and leading the US into World
  War II 珍珠港事件
 9/11 The September 11, 2001 attacks. The attacks
  were a series of coordinated terrorist suicide
  attacks agianst the Pentagon and the World Trade
  Center in the United States. 9/11恐怖袭击
Part E Our Darkest Days Are Here
 Mike Wallace: If you were inclined to make a list of
  the great times in American history, what would you
  start with?
 Andy Rooney: If you were going to make a list of
  the great times in American history, you'd start with
  the day in 1492, when Columbus got here. The
  Revolution when we won our independence would
  be on the list. Beating Hitler, putting Americans on
  the moon. We've had a lot of great days. Our darkest
  days up until now have been things like presidential
  assassinations, the Stock Market Crash in 1929, list
  of worst things that ever happened to our country.
It's a black mark that will be in the Pearl Harbor,
and 9/11, of course. The day the world learned that
American soldiers had tortured Iraqi prisoners
belongs high on the history books in a hundred
languages for as long as there are history books. I
hate to think of it. The image of one bad young
woman with a naked man on a leash did more to
damage America's reputation than all the good
things we've done over the years ever helped our
reputation. What were the secrets they were trying
to get from captured Iraqis? What important
information did that poor devil on the leash have
that he wouldn't have given to anyone in exchange
for a crust of bread or a sip of water? Where were
your officers? Someone told you to do it?
Tell us who told you. If your officers were told, we should
know who told them. One general said our guards were
“untrained.” Well, untrained at what? Being human
beings? Did the man who chopped off Nicholas Berg's
head do it because he was untrained? The guards who
tortured prisoners are faced with a year in prison. Well,
great. A year for destroying our reputation as decent
people. I don‟t want them in prison, anyway. We
shouldn't have to feed them. Take away their right to
call themselves American-that‟s what I‟d do. You aren't
one of us. Get out. We don't want you. Find yourself
another country or a desert island somewhere. If the
order came from someone higher up, take him with you.
In the history of the world, several great civilizations
that seemed immortal have deteriorated and died. I
don't want to seem dramatic tonight, but I've lived a
long while, and for the first time in my life, I have this
faint, faraway fear that it could happen to us here in
America as it happened to the Greek and Roman
civilizations. Too many Americans don‟t understand
what we have here, or how to keep it. I worry for my
grandchildren, my great-grandchildren. I want them to
have what I've had, and I sense it slipping away.
Have a nice day.
Supplementary Listening
 Scandal in Royal Family:
  Minor Royals with Major Expense Accounts
 Political Scandal:
  Puzzles Over Watergate Scandal
 Scandal in education: (Interview)
  For-Profit College: Costly Lesson
Minor Royals with Major Expense Accounts
 Words & Expressions:
  monarchy /  / the system in which a
   country is ruled by a king or queen; a country ruled by a
   king or queen 君主政体;君主政治;君主国
   establish/set up ~               overthrow/abolish a ~
   an absolute ~                    a constitutional ~
  revenue /  / the income of a
   government from all sources appropriated for the
   payment of the public expenses 收入;财政收入
   generate/produce/yield ~         collect/raise customs ~
 subsidize /  / to assist or
  support 资助;给予津贴 for / grant a government
      provide a state subsidy (n.)
  Athletes are ~d by the state.
      ~ (n.) to            food/housing ~dies
  Part of the national budget goes to ~ food prices.
 lavish /  / characterized by or produced
   lavish (v.) money and profusion 奢侈的;铺张的;
  with extravagance and time on pets / He ~ed (v.)
  慷慨的 pains on the choice of every word.
   enormous
  be ~ with money/praise
  The conference is a vast and ~ affair.
 evict /  / to force out; to expel 驱逐;驱
  赶
  ~ families/ the enemy from their homes
  eviction n.
Spot Dictation:
   Richard Gizbert (ABC News Journalist): Getting
    embarrassed by members of one‟s family has somehow
                                   job description
    become part of the queen‟s ______________ (1). This
                                                behaving
    time it‟s not her children or her husband _________ (2)
    inappropriately; it‟s her cousin. Prince Michael of Kent
              Germany-born
    and his _____________ (3) wife are what‟s known as
                   What
    minor royals. _____ (4) the Kents share with major
                                            tastes
    royals are bloodlines and expensive ______ (5). The
    Kents live here, at Kensington Palace, Princess Diana‟s
    _______________
    former residence (6). Normally, an apartment like
    theirs with seven bedrooms plus servants‟ ________ (7)
                                                  quarters
    would rent for about a million dollars a year. The Kents
    pay _____________ (8) of just $5,000, which one
         an annual rent
    member of Parliament calls…
 Alan Williams (Parliament Member): The best
                             Europe
  housing benefit system in _______ (9).
 Gizbert: If the Kents took their rent money, about
  $400 a month, to a real estate agent in the same area,
  the ____________ (10) would not last long.
       negotiations
 Farnaz Faizapour (Real Estate Agent): If you came
  to me with that sort of money, around here the only
                                          parking space
  thing we‟d be able to offer you is a _____________
  (11).
 Gizbert: They would have to move to London‟s East
  End, much less fashionable and settle for (12) a
                                      _______
  room in a boarding house like this one. Normally,
                               ______
  the British government can defend (13) the expense of
                                                  attract
  the monarchy, after all the royal family does _______
                                                 bother with
  (14) tourist revenue. But the Kents seldom __________
  (15) any royal duties. He‟s a businessman who‟d rather
  trade on his name than cut ribbons.
 Gizbert(to Prime Minister): Can you explain the
   principle
  _________ (16) why it‟s fair that working people should
                                               because
  subsidize a lavish lifestyle for these folks ________ (17)
  they were born in the queen‟s family?
 Prime Minister Tony Blair: I think I‟m going to beat a
  diplomatic silence on that particular one.
 Gizbert:   But the people, even supporters of the
                           be diplomatic
  monarchy, need not __________ (18).
 Man on the Street: Unless they‟re working for
  their living, right, put the rent up.
 Gizbert: There‟s also the proposal to turn
                              ________________
  Kensington Palace into some sort of museum (19).
  If that happens, the Kents could be evicted, or
  better yet, put on display, relics of __________
                                         a bygone era
  (20), minor royals with major expense accounts.
    Puzzles Over Watergate Scandal
Words & Expressions
 sloppy /  /          not done carefully or thoroughly;
  careless and untidy 草率的;粗心的 (sloppiness n.)
  This piece of work is very ~.     ~ thinking     a ~ dresser
 bizarre /  / strikingly unconventional and far-
  fetched in style or appearance; eccentric; odd 希奇古怪
  的;异乎寻常的
  ~ patterns / stories       increasingly ~ in speech
 remnant /  / small remaining quantity or
  part or number of things or people; surviving trace of sth.
  残余;剩余;遗留的痕迹
  the ~ of the sun           eat up the ~ of the feast
  ~s of the defeated army clutch at the ~ one‟s self-esteem
 bugging device a device used for listening to
  conversations secretly 窃听设备
bug (v.) one‟s office/phone/conversations
What‟s bugging you? / Don‟t bug me with petty to
 incriminate /  / details.
  accuse of a crime or other wrongful act; to cause to
  appear guilty of a crime or fault 控告;牵连;牵累
  (incrimination n.)
  He was ~d by an eye-witness who placed him at the
  scene of the crime.
 contender /  /                   someone who
     contend (v.) for first prize/place
  takes part in a competition or a situation in which they
     contend (v.) to with oneself
  have to compete excelother people 对手;斗争者,
  竞争者 (contend v.)
  The leading ~ in one‟s class
  a ~ for the heavyweight boxing crown
 contort /  / to distort; to give a
  wrong account of sth. 扭曲;歪曲
  a face ~ed with fear               ~ grammar
  ~ one‟s body into bizarre stances
 throb /  /              to beat rapidly or violently, as
  the heart; pound 悸动;(脉搏、心脏)跳动;搏
  动
  Her heart was ~bing with excitement.
  the throb (n.) of a pulse / pleasure
 synonymous /  / having the same
  or a similar meaning; equivalent in connotation 同义的;
  内涵相同的 (synonym n.)
  Being a soldier is ~ with being a brave man, in his
  opinion.
Notes:
 Watergate was the worst political scandal ever
  suffered by the office of the President of the
  United States. It has entered the political lexicon
  as a term synonymous with corruption and
  scandal. In an effort to ensure Nixon‟s reelection
  in the 1972 Presidential elections, Nixon and his
  close aides authorized a number of illegal and
  underhanded campaign tactics. One of them was
  an attempt to break into and bug the headquarters
  of the Democratic National Committee located in
  the Watergate office complex. If it had not been
  for the alert actions of Frank Wills, a security
  guard, the scandal may never have erupted.
   Initial investigations of Watergate were heavily
    influenced by the media, particularly affected by
    the work of two reporters from the Washington
    Post―Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, along
    with their mysterious informant, Deep Throat. In
    1974, the House of Representatives authorized the
    Judiciary Committee to consider impeachment
    proceedings against Nixon. Then Nixon departed
    the White House in disgrace. But interestingly,
    years later, one of the burglars, Martinez, wrote
    about Mission Impossible.
   Richard Milhous Nixon is one of the most fascinating
    political figures of the 20th Century. His long political
    Career began in 1947 but ended in 1974 because he
    was embroiled in the Watergate scandal. He served as
    Vice-President for eight years and lost the 1960
    election to John F. Kennedy. Then he recovered from
    political defeat to be chosen again as the Republican
    Party‟s candidate at the 1968 election. Following a year
    of turmoil, including two political assassinations, Nixon
    became the nation‟s 37th President on January 20,
    1969. By 1973, Nixon had been re-elected, but the
    Watergate scandal overshadowed his career.
   He made three major speeches on the Watergate
    scandal during 1973 and 1974. Perhaps the
    politically most difficult speech was the one on April
    29, 1974, in which Nixon released partial transcripts
    of the White House tapes. The final blow came with
    the decision by the Supreme Court to order Nixon
    to release more White House tapes. Nixon‟s last
    days in office came in late July and early August,
    1974. At 9 p.m. on the evening of August 8, he
    delivered a nationally televised resignation speech.
    The next morning, he made his final remarks to the
    White House staff before sending his resignation
    letter to the Secretary of States, Dr. Henry Kissinger.
Spot Dictation
 Reporter: You can find out more about the way
  that things are studied by going down a president,
  a major piece of history, but now, an ABC News
  poll says _________ (1) of all Americans admit
             two-thirds
  they don‟t know the basic facts of Watergate.
  Actually, there are some basic facts that
  none of us (2) know. Here‟s ABC‟s Clair Shipman.
  _________
 Clair Shipman: The five intruders were sloppy,
   caught
  _______ (3) inside the Watergate headquarters of
  the Democratic National Committee.
 Their burglar crime eventually brought down the president.
              thirty
  Even after ____ (4) years, the bizarre remnants of the
  break-in, like the Chapstick bugging devices, are
  a popular display
  _______________ (5). But despite all the evidence, no
  one has ever been able to figure out (6) exactly what the
                             _________
  burglars were after here. It‟s just one of the
  enduring mysteries
  _________________ (7) of Watergate.
 Actor (In the Movie All the President’s Men): “Just follow
  the money.”
 Shipman: Deep Throat, portrayed so dramatically in All
                           the most celebrated
  the President’s Men, is __________________ (8) mystery,
                                           source
  of course, that critical and secret _______ (9) for
  Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl
  Bernstien. Woodward still swears he will reveal (10)
                                                _____
  nothing…
 Bob Woodward (the Washington Post): I‟m in a
  mode of deep silence ___ (11) Watergate sources.
                         on
 Shipman: …until Deep Throat dies. Some though,
  like former White House Council John Dean…
 John Dean: There was a ______ (12) growing on
                             cancer
  the Presidency.
 Shipman: …insist they‟re closing in.
 Dean: It becomes very apparent that the only
                            had
  people that could have ___ (13) that information
  had to be in the White House.
 Shipman: After decades of research, Dean‟s new
  online book names four contenders, including
  former speech writer Pat Buchanan, and former
  press secretary Ron Ziegler.
 Nixon: Well, who is the ***hole that did this? Is it
  Liddy?
 Shipman:        And    another    mystery,     that
  _______________________ (14) gap in the
   eighteen and a half minute
  incriminating tapes Nixon made of his White House
   conversations
  _____________ (15). His loyal secretary Rosemary
                              demonstrate
  Woods contorted herself to ____________ (16) how
  she accidentally erased what most think must have
                      damning section
  been a particularly _______________ (17). But the
  National Archives now thinks that audio experts,
                                                voice
  including Stephen St. Croix, can get Nixon‟s _____
  (18) back.
 Stephen St. Croix: When you run a tape under an erase
  head, most of it, ____ (19) 99 percent is erased, but never
                     say
  all of it.
 Shipman: Some magnetic particles remain and the
  computer can find the sounds. But many think
  the most profound
  ________________ (20) Watergate puzzle may be Nixon
  himself.
 Dean: One of the questions that pulses through
  Watergate―it almost throbs―is why?
 Set to win reelection handily, yet so insecure that he was
  ultimately driven to criminal action, a mystery that may
  defy solution. Clair Shipman, ABC News.
Projects: Choose a project

1.   Read the recent local newspaper for a case
     of white-collar crime. Translate it into
     English.

2. Search online for epidemic abuse of
   performance-enhancing drugs in sports.
   Prepare a presentation on it.
3. There are a number of movies that deal with the
   topics in this Unit. Watch one of them and
   prepare a presentation on it. Here are some
   suggestions:

    Wall  Street tells the story of a young and impatient
     Wall Street stockbroker who is willing to do anything
     to get to the top.
    In The Firm, a Harvard graduate accepts an
     irresistible job offer from a Memphis law firm. But the
     dream turns out to be a nightmare when he finds
     himself trapped in the illegal dealings of the firm.
 Fahrenheit  9/11 is a documentary produced by
  Michael Moore in 2004. He takes on what happened
  to the United States after September 11; and how the
  Bush Administration used the tragic event to push its
  agenda.
 The Hunting of the President, narrated by Morgan
  Freeman, another documentary released in 2004,
  outlines the campaign against Bill Clinton's
  presidency from his days in Arkansas up to his
  impeachment trial.

				
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