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International Council of Scientific Unions Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research ANNUAL SCAR REPORT NO XX ON NAT

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									                     International Council of Scientific Unions
                     Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research

                    ANNUAL SCAR REPORT NO. XX ON
               NATIONAL ANTARCTIC SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITIES

           RECORD OF ACTIVITIES 1 APRIL 2004 – 31 MARCH 2005
              PLANNED ACTIVITIES 1 APRIL 2005 – 31 MARCH 2006

Member Country India

National SCAR Committee

Title:                      National Committee for SCAR
Address:                    Indian National Science Academy
                            Bahadurshah Zafar Marg
                            New Delhi – 110002, India.
Telephone:                  91-11-3232068 - 69
Fax:                        91-11-323 5648 & 323 1095
Chairperson:                Prof. (Ms.) Sudipta Sengupta

Representatives:            to SCAR
                                                      Name               Address
Permanent Delegate:                                Dr. P. S. Goel            1
Alternate Delegate:                                Mr. Rasik Ravindra       2a

                            to SCAR Standing Scientific Groups

Geological Science                                  Dr. S. Mukerjee         3
Life Science                                        Dr. S. Shivaji          4
Physics Sciences                                    Dr. S. M. Bhandari      5



National Operating Agency

Title:                      National Centre for Antarctic & Ocean Research
                            Department of Ocean Development, Government of India
Address:                    Headland Sada, Vasco-da-Gama, Goa – 403804, India.
Telephone:                  91-832-520876
Fax No:                     91-832-520877
E-mail:                     rasik@ncaor.org
Director/Manager:           Mr. Rasik Ravindra

COMNAP Representative:      Mr. Rasik Ravindra/ Dr. N. Khare              2a & b
SCALOP Representative:      Mr. T.V.P. Bhaskar Rao /Dr. N. Khare          2c & b
Member Country         India

Wintering Station

Name                   Location             Coordinate

Maitri                 Schirmacher Oasis,   70°45’52” S
                       Dronning Maud land   11°44’03” E

Summer Only Field Camp

Dakshin Gangotri       Lazarev Bay,         70°05’ S
                       Dronning Maud land   12°00’ E

Recording Stations/Observatories

Maitri                 Schirmacher Oasis, Dronning Maud land
                       70°45’52” S
                       11°44’03” E

Parameters Recorded:   Surface Temperature, Wind velocity & direction,
                       Surface Ozone, Radiation Budget and cloud imagery;
                       Seismic; GPS; Geomagnetic and VLF measurements;
                       Environmental parameters




                                   2
                           RECORD ACTIVITIES
                         (1 April 2004 – 31 March 2005)


BIOLOGY

Subject:        Nutrient dynamic and Primary Productivity of Antarctic Lakes
Investigations: Nutrient dynamics and Primary Production of Antarctica fresh
                water bodies situated in Schrimacher Oasis and Larsemann
                Hills.
Locality:       Schiramacher Oasis and Larsemann Hills
Duration:        Summer
P.I.:            Ahwani Wanganeo
Address:        Department of Limnology,
                Barkatullah University,
                Bhopal – 462026
                Phone : 0755-2488208                    Fax : 0755-2581835



Subject:        Survivorship of flora
Investigations: Studies on the influence of Ultraviolet-B radiation on the
                survivorship and pigment concentration of flora over
                Schirmacher Oasis and Larsemann Hills.
Locality:       Schiramacher Oasis and Larsemann Hills
Duration:        Summer
P.I.:            Jaswant Singh
Address:         Departmet of Environmental Sciences,
                 Dr. R.M.L. Avadh University,
                 Faizabad – 224001,
                 Tel: 05278-246766            Fax: 05278-246223/245209

Subject:        Faunal diversity and ecology of moss, algae and lichen
Investigations: Exploration of faunal diversity and ecology of moss, algae and
                lichen inhabiting terrestrial invertebrate fauna of
                Schirmacher Oasis
Locality:       Schiramacher Oasis
Duration:        Summer
P.I.:            Director
Address:         Zoological Survey of India,
                 ‘M’ Block, New Alipore,
                 Kolkata – 7000 53.




                                       3
                  Phone: 033-24000899                   Fax: 033-24006893



                          ******
GEODESY & GEO GRAPHIC INFORMATION



Subject:          Planetary Geodesy
Investigations:   Continuous GPS monitoring between India and Antarctica.
Locality:         Maitri
Duration:         Summer & Winter
P.I.:             Director
Address:          National Geophysical Research Institute
                  Uppal Road, Hyderabad-500007
                  Phone: 40-7171124                      Fax: 040 - 27171564




Subject:         Topographic Survey
Investigations: Mapping, neo-tectonics and geophysical studies in Antarctica
                for earth Science and Glaciology
Locality:        Schirmacher Oasis
Duration:        Summer
P.I.:            Director,
Address:         Geodetic & Research Branch
                 Survey of India
                 17, E.C. Road, Dehradun-248001
                 Phone: 135-654528                        Fax: 0135-2657623

GEOLOGY

Subject:        Geological and Thematic mapping
Investigations: Regional geological mapping in cDML, Petrogenetic modeling of
                pan-African Magmatic province with special reference to
                Gruber Anorthosite massif and AMCG suit of adjoining areas
                in Wohlthat Range
Locality:       Wohlthat Mountain, CDML,
Duration:       Summer
P.I.:           Director (Antarctica)
Address:        Geological Survey of India
                NH5P-NIT, Faridabad-121001, Haryana



                                        4
                  Phone: 129-217335                          Fax:0129-2417341

Subject:        Hydrographic Studies
Investigations: Hydrographic Survey, bathymetric & Oceanographic data
                Collection in fresh area, coast lining and delineation of the
                extent of ice shelf, reconfirmation of Quality of data,
                physical oceanographic data
Locality:       adjoining shelf area of India Bay
Duration:       Summer
P.I.:           Chief Hydrographer
Address:        National Hydrographic Office
                07-A, Rajpur Road, P.B. # 75
                Dehradun – 248 001
                 Phone: 0135-2747365                         Fax:0135-2748373



Subject:          Limnological studies
Investigations;   Studies of subsurface lacustrine sediments of Antarctic lake
Locality:         Schirmacher Oasis and Larsemann Hills
Duration:         Summer
P.I:              Director
Address:          National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research
                  Headland Sada, Vasco da gama , Goa – 403 804
                  Phone:0832- 2520863               Fax:0832-2520877



GLACIOLOGY

Subject:        Polar Ice-front studies and investigation of sub-glacial
                topography using Ground Penetrating Radar
Investigations: Monitoring of DG glacial snout (polar ice front)
Locality:       Schirmacher Oasis, India Bay area
Duration:       Summer & Winter
P.I.:           Director (Antarctica)
Address:        Geological Survey of India
                NH5P-NIT, Faridabad-121001, Haryana
                Phone: 129-217335                          Fax: 0129-2417341

PHYSICS & CHEMISTRY OF ATMOSPHERE

Subject:          Ozone and trace gas measurements



                                        5
Investigations: Measurements of ozone, UV-B radiation and other trace gases
                in the Antarctic atmosphere using Brewer Spectrophotometer
Locality:       Maitri
Duration:       Summer & winter
P.I.:           Director General
Address:        India Meteorological Department
                Mausam Bhavan, Lodi Road, New Delhi-110003
                Phone: 11-4611842; 4611792                Fax: 011-24699216

Subject:        Climatological and meteorological studies
Investigations: Periodic measurements of surface meteorological parameters
                including ozone & radiosonde ascents, Radiation budget study,
                Aerosol study
Locality:       Maitri & Dakshin Gangotri
Duration:       Summer & winter
P.I.:           Director General
Address:        India Meteorological Department
                Mausam Bhavan, Lodi Road, New Delhi-110003
                Phone: 11-4611842; 4611792                Fax:011-24699216

Subject:          Study of Aerosol and Polar stratospheric cloud
Investigation:    To study the vertical distribution of aerosol and optical
                   properties of PSCs by LIDAR
Locality:        Maitri
Duration:        Summer & Winter
P.I.:            Director
Address:         National Physical Laboratory
                 Dr. K.S. Krishnan Road,
                 New Delhi – 110 012
                 Phone: 011-5851440/5782721               Fax:011-25851440

Subject:         Study of Geomagnetic storm and sub storm
Investigation:   Atmospheric electrical parameters, storm occurrence, polar
                 cap signal, declination of magnetic field, crustal displacement,
                 Ionospheric TEC and Ice shelf dynamics
Locality:        Maitri & Dakshin Gangotri
Duration:        Summer
P. I.:           Director
Address:         Indian Institute of Geomagnetism
                 Dr. Nanabhai Moos Road, Colaba, Mumbai-400005




                                        6
                 Phone: 22-2150293                      Fax:022-2189568



Subject:         Direct radiative forcing due to aerosols and precursor gases.
Investigation:   To characterised Antarctic aerosols and precursor and to
                 estimate direct radioactive forcing due to aerosols under
                 different meteorological conditions.
Locality:        Maitri
Duration:        Summer
P. I.:           Director
Address:         Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
                 Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune-410 218
                 Phone: 020-25893600                      Fax:020-25893825



Subject:         Space weather programme.
Investigation:   Study of Scintillations and Total Electron Content (TEC),
                 measurement of ionospheric parameters and recording of
                 Very Low Frequency signals.
Locality:        Maitri
Duration:        Summer
P. I.:           Dr. A. K. Gwal
Address:         Department of Physics
                 Barkatullah University,
                 Bhopal – 462026
                 Phone : 0755-2488208                  Fax : 0755-2581835

HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY AND MEDICINE

Subject:         Changes in Sleep, Biorhythm and Melatonin secretion on
                 Indian and Russian Expedition Members
Investigation:   Seasonal variation of sleep patterns, Phychophysiology, plasma
                 Melatonin concentration.
Locality:        Maitri and Novolazarevskya ( Russian station)
Duration:        Summer & Winter
P. I.:           Director
Address:         Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences
                 Lucknow Road, Delhi – 110054
                 Phone:011-23937859/23946257               Fax;011-23914790

SOLID EARTH GEOPHYSICS



                                       7
Subject:          Teleseismic studies
Investigations:   Continuous recording of seismic events
Locality:         Maitri
Duration:         Summer & winter
P.I.:             Director
Address:          National Geophysical Research Institute
                  Uppal Road, Hyderabad-500007
                  Phone: 40-7171124                      Fax: 040-27171564




SOLAR TERRESTRIAL AND ASTROPHYSICAL RESEARCH

Subject:        Geomagnetic studies
Investigations: Dynamics of mobile auroral current systems through
                monitoring of geomagnetic fields
Locality:       Maitri and Dakshin Gangotri
Duration:       Summer & winter
P.I.:           Director
Address:        Indian Institute of Geomagnetism
                Near Victoria petrol pump,Kalamboli (Highway)
                New Panvel, Navi Mumbai-410 218
                Phone: 022-27480766-69                 Fax: 022-27480763

ENGINEERING & COMMUNICATION

Subject:        Communication technology
Investigations: HF adoptive communicative system, Video conferencing, HF
                High Speed data transmission, VLF Propagation studies.
Locality:       Maitri
Duration:       Summer & winter
P.I.:           Director
Address:        Defence Electronics & Applications Laboratory
                Raipur Road, Dehradun-248001
                Phone: 135-787224                      Fax:0135-2787265




                                       8
                           PLANNED ACTIVITIES
                         (1 April 2005 – 31 March 2006)


BIOLOGY

Subject:        Nutrient dynamic and Primary Productivity of Antarctic Lakes
Investigations: Nutrient dynamics and Primary Production of Antarctica fresh
                water bodies situated in Schrimacher Oasis.
Locality:       Schiramacher Oasis
Duration:        Summer
P.I.:            Ahwani Wanganeo
Address:        Department of Limnology,
                Barkatullah University,
                Bhopal – 462026
                Phone : 0755-2488208                    Fax : 0755-2581835




Subject:        studies on diatom
Investigations: Studies on diatoms over Schirmacher oasis
Locality:       Schiramacher Oasis
Duration:        Summer
P.I.:            Director
Address:        Botanical Survey of India
                Andaman & Nicobar circle
                Port blair – 744102




Subject:        Exploration of microbial diversity from Antarctica
Investigations: Exploration of microbial diversity from Antarctica with special
                emphasis on biotechnological potential.
Locality:       Schiramacher Oasis
Duration:        Summer
P.I.:            Director




                                       9
Address:          Nicholas Piramal Research Centre
                  1, Nirlon Complex,
                  Off Western Express Highway, Goregoan East
                  Mumbai – 400063
                  Phone : 022-56636666                  Fax :022-24908834

Subject:       Lichenometric dating
Investigations: Lichenometric dating of rocks and glaciers retreat in
               schirmacher Oasis
Locality:      Schiramacher Oasis
Duration:       Summer
P.I.:           Director
Address:        National Botanical Research Institute
               Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow-226001, India
               Phone: +91 522 2205831 to 35           Fax: +91 522 2205836



Subject:        Visceral parasite of avifauna
Investigations: Study of visceral parasite of avifauna in Schiramacher region.
Locality:       Schiramacher Oasis
Duration:        Summer
P.I.:            Principal
Address:        MES Abbasaheb Garware College
                Karve Road, Pune – 411 004.
                Phone : 020-24477058                       Fax: 020-26330744



                          ******
GEODESY & GEO GRAPHIC INFORMATION



Subject:          Planetary Geodesy
Investigations:   Continuous GPS monitoring between India and Antarctica.
Locality:         Maitri
Duration:         Summer & Winter
P.I.:             Director
Address:          National Geophysical Research Institute
                  Uppal Road, Hyderabad-500007
                  Phone: 40-7171124                      Fax: 040 - 27171564




                                       10
Subject:        Topographic Survey
Investigations: Mapping and geophysical studies for neo-tectonics and
                 monitoring of inter-plate movement in Antarctic region
Locality:       Schirmacher Oasis
Duration:       Summer
P.I.:           Director,
Address:        Geodetic & Research Branch
                Survey of India
                17, E.C. Road, Dehradun-248001
                Phone: 135-654528                        Fax: 0135-2657623

GEOLOGY



Subject:        Geological and Thematic mapping
Investigations: Geological and glaciological investigations in Stalstuten,
                central Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica
Locality:       CDML,
Duration:       Summer
P.I.:           Director (Antarctica)
Address:        Geological Survey of India
                NH5P-NIT, Faridabad-121001, Haryana
                Phone: 129-217335                         Fax:0129-2417341

Subject:        Hydrographic Studies
Investigations: Hydrographic Survey, bathymetric & Oceanographic data
                Collection in fresh area, coast lining and delineation of the
                extent of ice shelf, reconfirmation of Quality of data,
                physical oceanographic data
Locality:       Adjoining shelf area of India Bay
Duration:       Summer
P.I.:           Chief Hydrographer
Address:        National Hydrographic Office
                07-A, Rajpur Road, P.B. # 75
                Dehradun – 248 001
                Phone: 0135-2747365                         Fax:0135-2748373



Subject:        Antarctic lakes survey
Investigations; Geophysical investigations of Antarctic lakes



                                      11
Locality:       Schirmacher
Duration:       Summer
P.I:            Director
Address:        National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research
                Headland Sada, Vasco da gama , Goa – 403 804
                Phone:0832- 2520863              Fax:0832-2520877

Subject:        Limnological studies
Investigations; Plaeoclimatic study of Antarctic lake sediment utilizing
                multiproxi indicators.
Locality:       Schirmacher
Duration:       Summer
P.I:            Director
Address:        Birbal Sahani Institute of Palaeobotany,
                53, university Road, Lucknow 226007.
                Phone : 0522 2740008                     Fax: 0522 2740485




GLACIOLOGY

Subject:        Glaciological studies
Investigations: Ice core drilling in Humboldt-Somovken region of polar
                continental ice in East Antarctica and Glaciological studies of
                two Antarctic lakes in Gruber and/or Schirmacher area of
                central Dronning Maud Land (cDML), East Antarctica using the
                Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR).
Locality:       Schirmacher Oasis
Duration:       Summer
P.I.:           Director (Antarctica)
Address:        Geological Survey of India
                NH5P-NIT, Faridabad-121001, Haryana
                Phone: 129-217335                        Fax: 0129-2417341

Subject:        Glaciological studies
Investigations: Ice Core Drilling along a transect in Dronning Maud Land, East
                Antarctica.
Locality:       India Bay Area,
Duration:       Summer
P.I.:           Director
Address:        National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research



                                      12
                Headland Sada, Vasco da gama , Goa – 403 804
                Phone:0832- 2520863             Fax:0832-2520877

Subject:        Glaciological studies
Investigations: Temporal and spatial variations of energy and mass balance of
                different snow and ice media in Antarctica using satellite
                remote sensing, AWS data and ground penetrating radar..
Locality:       Antarctica,
Duration:       Summer & Winter
P.I.:           Director
Address:        Snow & Avalanche Study Establishment
                Research & Development Centre,
                Defence Research & Development Organization,
                Him Parisar, Plot No.1, Sector 37-A,
                Chandigarh (UT) – 160036
                Phone: 0172 – 699804/805/806             Fax.:0172 – 699802



Subject:        Crevasses pattern & iceberg extent mapping
Investigations: Crevasses pattern mapping & iceberg extent mapping
                alongwith studies for oil spill on ice sheet along convoy route,
                around Maitri station and proposed new locations at
                Larsemann Hills, Antarctica using Geomatics technology.
Locality:       Schirmacher Oasis, India Bay Area,
Duration:       Summer
P.I.:           Director
Address:        Centre for Development of Advanced Computing
                Pune University Campus, Pune -411 007.
                Tel & Fax:020 2569407



PHYSICS & CHEMISTRY OF ATMOSPHERE

Subject:        Ozone and trace gas measurements
Investigations: Measurements of ozone, UV-B radiation and other trace gases
                in the Antarctic atmosphere using Brewer Spectrophotometer
Locality:       Maitri
Duration:       Summer & winter
P.I.:           Director General
Address:        India Meteorological Department
                Mausam Bhavan, Lodi Road, New Delhi-110003



                                       13
                  Phone: 11-4611842; 4611792                  Fax: 011-24699216

 Subject:        Climatological and meteorological studies
 Investigations: Periodic measurements of surface meteorological parameters
                 including ozone & radiosonde ascents, Radiation budget study,
                 Aerosol study
 Locality:       Maitri & Dakshin Gangotri
 Duration:       Summer & winter
 P.I.:           Director General
 Address:        India Meteorological Department
                 Mausam Bhavan, Lodi Road, New Delhi-110003
                 Phone: 11-4611842; 4611792                Fax:011-24699216

 Subject:          Ice-Air-Ocean interacting system
Investigation:    Ice-Air-Ocean interacting system in relation to physical,
                   hemical, radiation and biological environment over the
                   Schirmacher Oasis region East Antarctica.
 Locality:         Maitri
 Duration:         Summer
 P.I.:             Director
 Address:          National Physical Laboratory
                   Dr. K.S. Krishnan Road,
                   New Delhi – 110 012
                   Phone: 011-5851440/5782721              Fax:011-25851440

 Subject:         Study of Geomagnetic storm and sub storm
 Investigation:   Atmospheric electrical parameters, storm occurrence, polar
                  cap signal, declination of magnetic field, crustal displacement,
                  Ionospheric TEC and Ice shelf dynamics
 Locality:        Maitri & Dakshin Gangotri
 Duration:        Summer
 P. I.:           Director
 Address:         Indian Institute of Geomagnetism
                  Dr. Nanabhai Moos Road, Colaba, Mumbai-400005
                  Phone: 22-2150293                        Fax:022-2189568



 Subject:         Space weather programme.
 Investigation:   Study of Scintillations and Total Electron Content (TEC),
                  measurement of ionospheric parameters and recording of
                  Very Low Frequency signals.



                                        14
Locality:         Maitri
Duration:         Summer
P. I.:            Dr. A. K. Gwal
Address:          Department of Physics
                  Barkatullah University,
                  Bhopal – 462026
                  Phone : 0755-2488208                     Fax : 0755-2581835

HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY AND MEDICINE

Subject:          Changes in Sleep, Biorhythm and Melatonin secretion on
                  Indian and Russian Expedition Members
Investigation:    Seasonal variation of sleep patterns, Phychophysiology, plasma
                  Melatonin concentration.
Locality:         Maitri and Novolazarevskya ( Russian station)
Duration:         Summer & Winter
P. I.:            Director
Address:          Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences
                  Lucknow Road, Delhi – 110054
                  Phone:011-23937859/23946257               Fax;011-23914790

SOLID EARTH GEOPHYSICS

Subject:          Teleseismic studies
Investigations:   Continuous recording of seismic events
Locality:         Maitri
Duration:         Summer & winter
P.I.:             Director
Address:          National Geophysical Research Institute
                  Uppal Road, Hyderabad-500007
                  Phone: 40-7171124                      Fax: 040-27171564




SOLAR TERRESTRIAL AND ASTROPHYSICAL RESEARCH

Subject:        Geomagnetic studies
Investigations: Dynamics of mobile auroral current systems through
                monitoring of geomagnetic fields
Locality:       Maitri and Dakshin Gangotri



                                        15
Duration:      Summer & winter
P.I.:          Director
Address:       Indian Institute of Geomagnetism
               Near Victoria petrol pump,Kalamboli (Highway)
               New Panvel, Navi Mumbai-410 218
               Phone: 022-27480766-69                 Fax: 022-27480763



ENGINEERING & COMMUNICATION

Subject:        Communication technology
Investigations: HF adoptive communicative system, Video conferencing, HF
                High Speed data transmission, VLF Propagation studies.
Locality:       Maitri
Duration:       Summer & winter
P.I.:           Director
Address:        Defence Electronics & Applications Laboratory
                Raipur Road, Dehradun-248001
                Phone: 135-787224                      Fax:0135-2787265




                                    16
              Contact Address, Telephone and Fax Numbers

Sr.   Address                                          Contact Numbers
No.

1.    Secretary, Department of Ocean Development       Phone:   011-24360874
      Block 12, CGO Complex, Lodi Road                 Fax:     011-24362644
      New Delhi-110003.

2a.   Director                                         Phone: 0832-2520876
      National Centre for Antarctic & Ocean Research   Fax:   0832-2520877
      Headland Sada, Vasco-da-Gama
      Goa-403804.

2b.   Program Director (Science)                       Phone: 0832-2520861
      National Centre for Antarctic & Ocean Research   Fax:   0832-2520877
      Headland Sada, Vasco-da-Gama
      Goa-403804.

2c.   Program Director (Logistics)                     Phone:   0832-2520873
      National Centre for Antarctic & Ocean Research   Fax:     0832-2520877
      Headland Sada, Vasco-da-Gama
      Goa-403804.

3.    Shri S. Mukerjee                                 Phone: 0129-2417335
      Geological Survey of India,                      Fax: 0129-2417341
      NH 5P, NIT Faridabad 121 001

4.    Dr. S. Shivaji                                   Phone: 040-27192504
      Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology        Fax: 040-27160591
      Uppal road, Hyderabad – 500 007.

5.     Dr. Satyendra Bhandari                          Phone: 079-26916046
       Space Applications Centre                       Fax: 079-26916076
       Ahmedabad- 380 015, INDIA 




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