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					                           Chinese Inventions

                          An Amazing Display
                            Developed by Lisa Loveland

    Introduction|Quest(ions)|Process|Resources|Evaluation|Conclusion/Teacher_Page




                                   Introduction

The Chinese culture is over 5000 years old. Many of the items that are part

of our everyday lives come from the Chinese. Can you imagine a world

without paper, ink, printed books, umbrellas or fireworks? Some inventions

such as the abacus and water wheel are outdated today, but without them

would we have computers and hydroelectric power?


The Chinese government has decided to open an Invention Hall of Fame. You

are a member of the research committee which will make recommendations

to the Secretary of Culture who will decide which inventions will be

showcased when the museum opens to the world.
       Introduction|Quest(ions)|Process|Resources|Evaluation|Conclusion/Teacher_Page


                             Quest(ions) and the Task

Inventions showcased at the grand opening of the Chinese Invention Hall of

Fame must meet the following criteria:


        You must be able to cite the earliest evidence of the invention to

         prove that it is Chinese in origin

        You must be able to state how it served or serves some human need

        You must be able to state the changes that it caused and other

         inventions that it led to (if it did).

        You must be able to show how the invention impacts our culture today.


        Earliest                               Human
        Evidence                               Needs

                                                                      Other
                                                                       cool
                          Invention                                   Stuff




        Culture                               Changes it
         Today                                    caused


Your group will orally present your invention to the Secretary of Culture.
Your presentation must include a visual, which can be a poster, a model or a
blueprint.

In addition, each member of the group must submit a 1-2 page paper stating
how your invention meets the above criteria.
Inventions to be researched:

        Paper
        Silk
        Gunpowder
        Rudder
        Wheel Barrow
        Parachute
        Compass
        Kite
        Printing
        Seismograph



       Introduction|Quest(ions)|Process|Resources|Evaluation|Conclusion/Teacher_Page


                                        Process

Each group member is to research, through online resources, encyclopedias
and in-class resource books one of the four criteria outlined in the
assignment. When all members of the group have completed their research,
the group will come back together to prepare their presentation.

Decisions the group will need to consider:

        What invention will you research? (must be approved by teacher)

        Who will research which criteria?

        How will you visually present your invention?

        What materials will you need?

        How you will present your research orally to the Secretary of

         Culture?
    Introduction|Quest(ions)|Process|Resources|Evaluation|Conclusion/Teacher_Page


                                    Resources

Internet resources:

http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/song/readings/inventions_gifts.htm

http://chineseculture.about.com/od/inventions/Inventions.htm

http://inventors.about.com/od/chineseinventors/Chinese_Inventions.htm

http://www.computersmiths.com/chineseinvention/index.html

http://www.inventions.org/culture/asian/chinese.html

http://www.crystalinks.com/chinainventions.html

http://library.thinkquest.org/15618/inventor.htm

http://www.sdcoe.k12.ca.us/score/chinin/chinintg.htm

http://www.chemsoc.org/ExemplarChem/entries/2004/icl_Gondhia/history.
html (gunpowder)

Learning Resource Center

In-class library of books on inventions
    Introduction|Quest(ions)|Process|Resources|Evaluation|Conclusion/Teacher_Page


                                        Evaluation

You will be graded on your group presentation, your individual written paper
and on your working cooperatively within your group.

                                    Group Presentation


                      Needs               Satisfactory            Excellent      Score
                   Improvement


                                                              Makes eye
         Eye                           Makes eye
                   Does not make                              contact with
       Contact                         contact with
                   eye contact                                various people
                                       teacher
                                                              throughout
                                                              room



                   Soft – hard to      Can be heard by        Voice varies for
      Quality of
                   hear                everyone               emphasis and
       Voice
                                                              interest


                                                              Three
                   Is not complete
                                                              dimensional
        Visual     Does not clearly Clearly shows the
                                                              Provides more
                   show the         invention
                                                              than a basic
                   invention        Is labeled
                                                              picture; Is
                   Is not labeled
                                                              labeled

                                                              Answers all 4
                                                              criteria, is
       Content     Does not answer Answers all 4              persuasive and
                   all 4 criteria  criteria                   provides
                                                              additional
                                                              information


                         Written by Lisa Loveland. Last updated 03/17/2007
                               Written Report


                  Needs              Satisfactory           Excellent        Score
               Improvement



               More than 2
 Grammar                            1-2 errors
               errors                                    No errors
and Spelling



             Lacks
                                    Logical              Fluid, logical
             organization
Organization Difficult to           sequence but         organization
                                    awkward              throughout
             follow structure
                                    transitions          report
             of paper


                                                         Goes beyond
                                                         the 4 criteria to
  Content      Less than 4       All 4 criteria
                                                         include other
               criteria included included
                                                         interesting
                                                         information


                 Written by Lisa Loveland. Last updated 03/17/2007
                         Working with the Group


                   Needs            Satisfactory           Excellent   Score
                Improvement
                                 Listens to
             Does not listen                  Listens well to
                                others but
               to ideas of                     others ideas.
Working with                    sometimes
                 others.                         Is able to
  others                     talks too much.
              Argues about                     present own
                               Sometimes
                 how to                       viewpoint and
                                  argues.
                complete                      work to group
                             Participates but
             project. Does                        decision
                                 does not
               not interact                       without
                               present own
               with group.                        arguing.
                               viewpoints.
          Does not come
            prepared to
                          Needs frequent Completes all
  Time-    work at group
                           reminders to   assignments
management time. Does complete group on time. Is
             not turn in
                           assignments.   focused and
               group
                            Is often off on task during
            assignments
                            task during   group work
            on time. Is
                            group time.       time.
           frequently off
                task.
                                     Does some     Completes all
                                      work, but    assignments
                  Does not
Contributions                        information      without
                  complete
                                       does not     reminders.
                assignments.
                                   always answer    Work is of
                Always relies
                                     assignment    good quality
                on others to
                                   criteria. Needs  and moves
                do the work.
                                    reminders to project toward
                                   get work done. completion.

                 Written by Lisa Loveland. Last updated 03/17/2007.
       Introduction|Quest(ions)|Process|Resources|Evaluation|Conclusion/Teacher_Page


                                      Conclusion

On a separate piece of paper, complete a self-assessment.

        Did you understand the assignment?
        Did you understand what role you had in the assignment?
        What did you like about this assignment?
        What did you find difficult about this assignment?
        What was the biggest challenge your group faced in completing this
         assignment?
        What was the most interesting fact that you learned from this
         assignment?
  Introduction|Quest(ions)|Process|Resources|Evaluation|Conclusion/Teacher_Page


                               Teacher Page

Through this lesson students gain a greater understanding of the cultural
and scientific contributions China has made to the world.
This webquest is designed for sixth grade Social Studies and language
arts.
Standards, Benchmarks and Grade Level Indicators supported by this
website as specified in the ODE Academic Content Standards:

Standards
      People in Society – Compare cultural products of past civilization.
      Social Studies Skills and Methods – Students collect, organize and
       synthesize information from multiple sources. Students
       communicate this information in oral, written or multimedia form.
      Reading Applications: Information Standard – Students gain
       information from reading for the purposes of learning about a
       subject and accomplishing a task.
      Writing Process – Prepare writing for publication that is legible,
       follows an appropriate format.
      Research Standard – Students investigate assigned topic; select and
       make use of relevant information from a variety of reference and
       technological sources; and use an appropriate form to communicate
       their findings.

Benchmarks
      People in Society A – Compare cultural products of past civilizations.
      Social Studies Skills and Methods A – Analyze different
       perspectives on a topic obtained from a variety of sources.
      Social Studies Skills and Methods B – Organize historical
       information in text or graphic format.
      Social Studies Skills and Methods C – Present a position and support
       it with evidence and citation of sources.
      Social Studies Skills and Methods D – Work effectively in a group.
      Reading Applications: Information Standard – Students gain
       information from reading for the purposes of learning about a
       subject and accomplishing a task.
      Writing Process – Prepare writing for publication that is legible,
       follows an appropriate format.
      Research Standard – Students investigate assigned topic; select and
       make use of relevant information from a variety of reference and
       technological sources; and use an appropriate form to communicate
       their findings.
      Communication: Oral and Visual

Grade Level Indicators
      People in Society Culture - Compare the cultural products of China
      Obtaining Information - Use multiple sources to obtain information
       for a research project.
      Thinking and Organizing - Analyze and summarize information from a
       variety of sources.
      Communicating Information - Complete a research project that
       includes a bibliography.
      Problem Solving - Work effectively to achieve group goals.
      Use text features, parts of books and online tools to locate
       information.
      Summarize information from informational text.
      Write informational report, including research, that presents a
       literal understanding of the topic, includes specific facts and
       creates an organizing structure appropriate to the purpose,
       audience and context.
      Gather relevant information from multiple sources.
      Identify important information found in sources.
      Use an appropriate form of documentation to acknowledge sources.
      Use a variety of communication techniques, including oral, visual and
       written to present information that supports a clear position about
       the research topic.
      Speaking skills and strategies – use clear diction and tone, and
       adjust volume, phrasing and tempo to stress important ideas.
      Speaking applications – Deliver informational presentations that:
       demonstrate an understanding of the topic and present ideas in a
       logical sequence; use appropriate visual materials; identify sources
       used.
      Speaking applications – deliver persuasive presentations that:
       establish a clear position; include relevant evidence to support
       position.
                        Resources and Materials:

    Computer access in the Learning Resource Center
    Pathfinder link on Lakewood Public Library website for student
     access
    Collection of non-fiction books on inventions from the Lakewood
     Public Library for use in the classroom
    Examples of Chinese inventions displayed in classroom – umbrella,
     abacus, silk jacket, compass, tea

                          Credits & References

    encarta.msn.com/media_461533493/Fireworks.html (opening
     fireworks image)
    http://www.chinesefireworks.co.uk/glitback.jpg (picture of dragon
     fireworks)
    http://inventors.about.com (printing block, compass and seismograph
     images)

Introduction|Quest(ions)|Process|Resources|Evaluation|Conclusion/Teacher_Page




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