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					                               Program Assessment
                      OUZ BS in Education (Middle Childhood)
Introduction

         The Bachelor of Science in Education programs are selective admissions, four-year
programs. Students generally apply for admission to the professional program at the end of their
first year of study. Admissions requirements include a 2.75 grade point average, completion of
45 hours of study, a passing score on the ACT, SAT or Praxis I examination, negative results of
a TB test, and confirmation of no felony convictions, as well as acceptance by a review
committee.

Methodology

        A program’s success can be numerically measured in three ways: the major can generate
a good quantity of graduates; the major can have a good measure of active students in that major;
or, the department can offer courses that are abundantly populated. A program can have further
value if majors take courses beyond the home campus and/or pursue degrees instead of or
beyond the degree of that major. This study attempts these measures.

Identifying Ohio University-Zanesville Students

        Students can and do “migrate” from one campus to another. For the purposes of this
study, then, students were counted for Fall Quarter 1 for the academic years 2001 through 2005 as
well as a tentative look at 2006. Only those students whose home campus is listed as Zanesville 2
for the census quarter are counted as Ohio University-Zanesville students. This method produces
a non-duplicated student list that should be representative of the Zanesville campus, 3 as follows:

                                         Table 1 - OUZ Student Counts
                                             Year        Count
                                             2001        1,289
                                             2002        1,404
                                             2003        1,579
                                             2004        1,674
                                             2005        1,668
                                             2006       1,1064



Identifying BSED – Middle Childhood Majors

       Majors are identified by code number, and these code numbers change over time as the
program changes. This study, which has attempted to identify all and only those codes that

1
  This is referenced hereafter as the “census quarter” or “census data.”
2
  This data was extracted from the SIS TSTA records in the Ohio University Data Warehouse.
3
  This method, then, does not include students who may be taking classes at multiple campuses; nor does it account
for students who start at quarters other than Fall Quarter.
4
  Fall 2006 was calculated in early July 2005. This number, then, is lower than the projected total.


January 2006                                                                                               Page 1
                           Program Assessment
                  OUZ BS in Education (Middle Childhood)
pertain to the major, includes these program codes: BS6175, BS8567, BS6180, BS6179,
BS6178, BS6177, and BS6176.

        Although Ohio University tried to force students to declare a major, the fact is that many
students fail to do so. Indeed, an average of 19% of students at the Zanesville Campus is listed as
Undecided (ND1201) for the 2001-2006 academic years. For BSED-Middle Childhood, many
students are unable to declare the major as they have not met all the requirements for acceptance
into the program.

         For this study, all declared majors were counted for all students when (a) the graduating
term for that major was the same or a later term than the census quarter (i.e., the student was
working towards that degree all along) or (b) the degree requirements have not been completed
(i.e., the student is still working towards that degree). This formula—albeit “informal”—gets
around the problem of students not declaring their appropriate major in a timely fashion. Given
this formula, the counts for these “informal majors” in the BSED-Middle Childhood program are
summarized in Table 2.

                                   Table 2 – Informal Major Count
                  Term        Freshman      Sophomore     Junior    Senior   Total
                  2001               18              17       20       15      70
                  2002               25              23       19       33     100
                  2003               21              24       25       40     110
                  2004               23              19       30       43     115
                  2005               18              23       20       45     106
                  Average            21              21       23       35     100

        Normally, students’ majors are noted in their SIS TSTA record, the “formal” but static
snapshot of the major declared during any one quarter. Comparing the numbers in Table 2 with
the declared major, according to the SIS TSTA record, at the time of each census quarter shows
some variation:

                                   Table 3 – Formal Major Count
                  Year        Freshman     Sophomore     Junior     Senior   Total
                  2002               4              10      10         23      47
                  2003               6              19      17         37      79
                  2004               4              12      22         38      76
                  2005               8              15      18         39      80
                  Average            6              14      17         34      71

The variations in the freshman and sophomore years can be attributed to students who have not
yet been admitted into the program. The slightly different numbers in the junior and senior years
seem to indicate students who have switched to other majors—the BSED-Early Childhood
program, perhaps. The TSTA record is a static record of the program the student is majoring in
during any one quarter; however, the data in Table 2 show the major of the student even if the
major is declared later in his/her academic career.




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                            Program Assessment
                   OUZ BS in Education (Middle Childhood)
Preliminary Analysis

        The BSED-Middle Childhood program remains strong and steady over the years. While it
is not as popular as the BSED-Early Childhood program at the Zanesville Campus, the BSED-
Middle Childhood program is a valuable addition. Because classes are closed to non-majors,
qualified students are generally identified early. Anecdotal evidence suggests a strong number
(perhaps as many as a third as many as are already in the program) are still waiting to be
accepted into the program.

       Please note: Because this study assume that many students do not declare their proper
major in a timely fashion, the numbers here may not adequately account for students working
towards the degree completion in the last two-three years. Again, unless and until the student has
formally declared the major, she/he is not counted here.

Identifying BSED – Middle Childhood Graduates

       In 2005, Institutional Research reported 609 Ohio University students graduating with a
bachelor’s degree had taken at least one course at the Zanesville Campus. Of those:

          39 (6%) had taken 192 or more hours at OUZ
          51 (8%) had taken 144-191 hours at OUZ
          53 (8%) had taken 96-143 hours at OUZ
          61 (10%) had taken 48-95 hours at OUZ
          405 (68%) had taken less than 48 hours at OUZ

     If one discounts the 405 students with less than one year of work at the Zanesville
Campus, the cumulative percentages are:

          19% with 192 or more hours
          44% with 144 or more hours
          70% with 96 or more hours
          100% with 48 or more hours

Each year, then, after the first year, the number of students completing their work at the
Zanesville Campus decreases by about 25-30%.

       For this study, graduates are counted as “Zanesville” graduates if they are counted in the
census quarters (see above). To be sure, this formula does nothing to ensure that graduates are
not counted by another campus; nevertheless, it may serve to show Zanesville’s contributions to
graduations.

      The numbers of graduates for the BSED-Middle Childhood program at Ohio University-
Zanesville are:




January 2006                                                                                 Page 3
                               Program Assessment
                      OUZ BS in Education (Middle Childhood)
                                 Table 4 - BSED - Middle Childhood Graduates
                                                Year    Count
                                                2002       11
                                                2003       21
                                                2004       19
                                                2005       21
                                                Total      72

       During the Fall 2001-Fall 2006 academic years, there were 201 different students as
BSED-Middle Childhood majors, counting all undergraduate years. This calculates out to a 36%
graduation rate for this program.

Preliminary Analysis

        Ohio University-Zanesville continues to be a steady contributor to the BSED-Middle
Childhood graduation rate. Ideally, any bachelor’s degree program should have 25% of its
students as freshmen, 25% as sophomores, 25% as juniors, and 25% as seniors. Assuming that
all seniors graduate, then, the ideal graduate rate should be 25%. That the BSED-Middle
Childhood program as a 36% graduate rate may be skewed by the numbers of students who are
admitted later into the program (as evidenced by the differences between Tables 2 and 3, above).

       Assuming no migration over six years and a 25% graduation rate, there should be 242
non-duplicated students in the program. 5 In this data, there are actually 201 non-duplicated
students in the program.

Identifying Departmental Offerings

        The BSED-Middle Childhood major is offered the College of Education. This major is
not offered by any one department in the college, so no departmental offerings can be analyzed.
Further, most or all of the courses are closed to students not accepted into the appropriate
education program.

Identifying Other Degrees and Other Campus Work

        Counting all classes by Ohio University-Zanesville’s BSED in Middle Childhood majors,
the numbers of undergraduate courses taken at the various campuses are listed in the following
table.6 Please note that the table includes courses that may have been taken after the major
degree was granted.




5
  Since new freshmen are coming in as graduates are leaving, the actual formula should be Count for the Year +
(Count for the Year x Years) / 4. In a four-year period with a yearly count of 100 where each rank has 25 students, a
program should see 200 different students.
6
  Courses with a grade of FS, FN, I*, WP/WF as well as graduate courses and transfer work were not included.


January 2006                                                                                                 Page 4
                            Program Assessment
                   OUZ BS in Education (Middle Childhood)
                        Table 5 - Undergraduate Courses Taken at All Campuses
                                   Campus      Count Percentage
                                   ACEU           28         0.0%
                                   Athens       4711         7.7%
                                   Chillicothe   266         0.4%
                                   Eastern      6153        10.1%
                                   Lancaster    2870         4.7%
                                   Other          42         0.1%
                                   Southern       91         0.1%
                                   Zanesville 46942         76.8%

       None of these students are noted in the records as having completed other degrees beyond
a degree in BSED-Middle Childhood or instead of this degree.

Preliminary Analysis

        Since “student teaching” is offered through Athens only, it is not surprising that almost
8% of students’ course work is at Athens. The 10.1% and 4.7% of course work taken at the
Eastern and Lancaster campuses, respectively, suggest that students are willing to travel to take
available courses. Still, more than three quarters of all classes taken are at the Zanesville campus.
The absence of students going on to earn other degrees suggests that (a) most students do not
stray into other programs once they have declared the BSED-Middle Childhood major and (b)
earning the BSED degree in Middle Childhood must meet most students’ demands at Ohio
University. It would be interesting to discover if many graduates move on to advanced/other
degrees at other colleges and universities. These data are similar to those for the BSED-Early
Childhood majors.

Income and Expenses

        We have engaged in a fairly extensive analysis of each major we offer at OUZ. Basically,
we used the “profit and loss” analysis provided by RHE to examine the actual slate of courses
taken by all OUZ graduates in the Middle Childhood Education major. We took a historical look
over the last five years for all graduates of 4-year programs and a three year historical record for
all graduates of 2-year programs. Thus we can calculate a realistic cost perspective for the
Middle Childhood Education major we offer by applying these cost figures to currently enrolled
majors. This cost can be calculated per program and per student.

       Very briefly, excess of “profit” over “loss” per major program annually at OUZ is as
follows:

                                Program                   Profit/Loss
                                Specialized Study           $85,095
                                Early Childhood             $76,428
                                Middle Childhood            $46,765
                                AA General                  $26,258
                                Communications              $23,682
                                Business                    $19,557



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                            Program Assessment
                   OUZ BS in Education (Middle Childhood)
                                 Criminal Justice             $ 5,580
                                 BS Nursing                   $ 3,644
                                 AS General                   $ 1,629
                                 Electronic Media           - $33,790
                                 AD Nursing                -$148,612

        Since, as a non-profit institution, our goal is to serve our students in our region, we must
temper these gross figures by looking at program cost per student served. Those figures (annual
“profit” over “loss” per student enrolled in each major offered at OUZ) are as follows:

                                  Program               Profit/Loss
                                  AA General                   $973
                                  Early Childhood              $921
                                  Middle Childhood             $650
                                  Business                     $631
                                  Specialized Study            $553
                                  Communications               $526
                                  Criminal Justice             $279
                                  AS General                   $181
                                  BS Nursing                    $ 98
                                  AD Nursing                - $590
                                  Electronic Media        - $1,877

       Thus the Middle Childhood Education is one of OUZ’s most profitable programs because
we have few full-time faculty (only one Group II) relative to the number of student majors. In
terms of cost per student, Middle Childhood Education is one of our most profitable majors. We
expect Middle Childhood Education majors to grow slightly in the near future because Early
Childhood has been so much larger, and yet the lack of teaching opportunities are discouraging
students from that major. Thus some students who would have been Early Childhood Education
majors will probably switch to Middle Childhood.


Space Utilization

       The Bachelor’s of Science in Education (Middle Childhood) program does not consume
any dedicated space on campus.


Faculty Analysis
Hannah Nissen, Associate Professor, Education

        The Middle Childhood Program is a solid program on the Zanesville campus, having
increased in number of majors since 2001. As noted in the report, however, determining the
actual number of majors in any given quarter or academic year proves difficult. Thus, it is likely
that the true number of Bachelor of Science in Education (Early Childhood) majors is higher
than indicated in this report.




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                            Program Assessment
                   OUZ BS in Education (Middle Childhood)
        Courses within this program are generally offered on a predictable schedule, thus
allowing students to plan effectively for their passage through the program. Group II or III
faculty, rather than Group I faculty, however, teach nearly all courses. Recent searches to fill a
Group I faculty position in Education (preferably someone who might be able to teach in both
Middle and Early Childhood Programs) have been unsuccessful.




January 2006                                                                                 Page 7

				
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