Day 2: Objective, Assessment, Requirement Presentation, Special Populations Lecture
CONCEPT OF THE OPERATION:
A. Two groups will presents their Objectives, Assessment, and Requirement Presentation, and the
remaining four groups will turn in the first portion of the PT SOP (50min).
B. Conduct the Special Populations lecture (40min).
C. Assign Special Population PT SOP Assignment and questions due Day 3(5min).
REFERENCES: FM 21-20, AR 350-41, AR 600-9, AR 40-501, MS402 text.
FACILITY: Eight, 30 person classrooms, with automation.
I. Objective, Assessment, Requirements Presentation:
A. Two groups conduct their Objectives, Assessment, and Requirement presentations and are
evaluated by the instructor. (See RUBRIC).
B. Cadets not presenting are responsible to turn in after the brief, at least one positive, and
negative aspect of the material covered. In addition, call upon at least two cadets that are not
briefing, to provide a meaningful question for the presenting group. Although these activities
are not graded events, instructors are encouraged to weigh the quality of their analysis through
the use of instructor points.
II. LECTURE: Special Populations (55min)
A. Purpose: To teach cadets to identify, plan, and coordinate special population physical fitness training
and testing for soldiers within their command.
Cadets will be able to:
1. Identify the categories of special populations.
2. Utilize the DA Form 3349 (Physical Profile).
3. Identify medical agencies that should be used to assist the MFT in developing programs to
assist in the recovery of soldiers with medical limitations.
4. Identify and describe the policies, procedures, and terminology used in implementing the
Army Weight Control Program (AWCP).
5. Describe the procedures used for soldiers who fail an Army Physical Fitness Test as
outlined in AR 350-15.
6. Identify the proper use of modified and alternate APFTs for soldiers with
7. Identify special considerations that should be given to soldiers who are recent arrivals to a
unit and soldiers that are unable to meet unit PT standards.
8. Discuss methods for executing special population PT within a unit.
1. Instructor/ Cadet:
a. Instructors: Eight instructors required/ period.
b. Cadets Trained: 30-cadets/ classroom, 8 sections/ 4 periods.
2. Lesson: (50 min.) Class Introduction: Main Points: (40 min.)
(1) Who are Special Populations? Answer: Profiles, AWCP, APFT failure, new soldiers,
soldier that can not pass unit fitness standards
(2) Who receives Medical Profiles? Illness, injury, pregnancy
(3) DA3349 (Utilize AR 40-501 “Standards of Medical Fitness” to interpret Page 51)
(a) Issued by a medical authority for soldiers that have some form of physical
limitation(s) due to pregnancy, injury, or illness.
(b) Definitions of the PULHES and Assignment codes.
(c) Focus on what the soldier CAN do (General, Aerobic, Functional, APFT)
(d) Profile recovery time before a record APFT is 2 x length of profile not to
exceed 90 days.
(e) Can be either permanent or temporary.
(f) Permanent may effect duty status Medical Review Board (MRB)
(g) Temporary must be reviewed at least every 90 days.
(4) Fitness Programs for Soldier on Profile:
(a) Obey the DA3349
(a) Do not exacerbate existing condition
(b) Seek clarification form health care provider
(c) Work in conjunction with PT
(d) Utilize a variety of modalities i.e. pool, bikes, weight room.
(e) 2xs length of profile not to exceed 90 days
(f) Utilize a logbook.
(5) Pregnant Soldier PT:
(a) Work within the physician's guidelines.
(b) Exempt from regular fitness training/ testing.
(c) Fitness program should include: low impact self pace exercise, strength training
machines and flexibility training.
(d) Do not regulate the pregnant soldier’s diet.
(e) Postpartum profiles normally last for 45 days
(6) APFT and Medical Profiles:
(a) What is an Alternate/ Modified APFT?
- Administered to soldiers unable to do the 2-mile run
- Administered to soldiers unable to do one or more of the three events.
(b) Who can take an alternate or modified APFT?
- Soldiers with permanent profiles
- Soldiers with long term temporary profiles ( > 90 days)
(c) At a minimum, the 2-mile run or an approved alternate aerobic event must be
taken for the test to count for record.
(d) What are the approved alternate aerobic events?
- 800-yard swim
- 6.2-mile stationary bicycle ergometer
- 6.2-mile bicycle test on a conventional bicycle
- 2.5-mile walk test
(e) How do you score a modified or alternate APFT?
- Meet standard for alternate aerobic event to receive a “GO”
- Not eligible for APFB
(7) AWCP: (AR600-9 Program Administration)
(a) Commander’s program used to ensure soldiers maintain proper weight, body
composition and personal appearance.
(b) Weigh-in every 6 months (APFT)
(c) Soldier appears overweight
(d) Soldier’s responsibility to maintain proper BF%
(8) Using the AWCP Flow Chart, walk the cadets through the program using an example
of a soldier whom:
(a) Exceeds the screening table weight but is within allowable body fat standards.
(b) Exceed allowable body fat standards.
(c) Meets Ht./ Wt. table but look fat.
(9) What is a good Fitness Programs for Soldiers on the AWCP?
(a) Unit PT
(b) Additional Aerobic Activity; 50-60 %THR/ 40 + minutes 5-7 day/ week
- jog, walk, bike, swim
- Do not run everyday they will break and get even heavier
(c) Muscular Fitness to increase LBM; emphasize muscular endurance
(d) Utilize a logbook
(10) What is an APFT Failure?
(a) Take a “record” APFT and fail to attain 60 points on each event.
(b) Fail to take the APFT within the required time period (AD twice each year with
a minimum of 4 months between record tests).
(c) What is the exception? Soldiers in Basic Training must attain 50 points on
each test event and an overall score of 150 points.
(11) Review the procedures used when a soldier:
(a) Fails a Record APFT.
- Flagged IAW AR 600-8-2
- Not eligible for DA Funded schools (i.e. Officer Advanced Course)
- If in school and unable to pass the test prior to graduation, the soldier will
be designated a non-graduate and returned to their unit.
- Will be retested as soon as the soldier and commander feel the soldier is
ready but NLT 90 days from initial APFT failure.
(b) Fails two consecutive APFTs: Considered for separation under the provisions
of AR 635-100 (officers), AR 635-200 (enlisted soldiers).
(12) Fitness Programs for APFT Failures: (Specific to the event/s failed)
(a) PU/ SU 3-5 xs per week
- Timed sets to MMF
- Largest to smallest
- Hardest to easiest
- Intervals 1 x per week
- Fast Continuous 1x per week
- Hills 1 x per week
- Active recovery
(c) Utilize a logbook
(13) Soldiers New to the Unit/ Army: (allow them to work self-paced within the units
existing PT program).
(a) 14 - 30 days to acclimatize to new environment
- Temperature and humidity
- Increase in elevation
- Different unit mission
- AIT APFT waiver for 60 points (APFT Failure Program)
(b) Once acclimatized, place in Special Populations training for specific weakness.
(c) Utilize a logbook.
(14) Commanders Fitness Standards: (Fitness standards that exceed Army standards based
on unit mission)
(a) Commanders often establish unit standards, which provide a buffer zone to
alert the chain of command of potential problems.
- Soldier who fails to attain 70 points on any APFT event
- Soldier who is within 2% of maximum allowable BF%
(b) Soldiers who meet Army standards may not be punished, disciplined, or placed
in a remedial training program for failing to meet unit standards.
(15) Managing Soldiers that fail to meet Commanders Fitness Standards:
(a) COC should counsel all arriving soldiers of the purpose and goals of unit
(b) Special populations program in addition to unit PT, that addresses the
individual’s weakness(s), but should be positive in nature to motivate soldier
towards attaining the unit’s high standards.
(16) How do you establish, and supervise Special Populations Programs?
- Can be extremely leader intensive.
- Most effective when supervised by capable and motivated leadership.
- Influenced by the number of soldiers you have in each different special
(b) Potential COAs:
- Utilize the unit First Sergeant.
- Use leaders with permanent profiles.
- Assign responsibility for a specific category to a platoon.
- Rotate responsibilities for each category among platoons.
- Consolidate special populations PT at battalion level.
D. Logistical Requirements:
1. PPT presentation equipment, (computer, projector, screen, pointer)
2. Teaching notes
E. Grading/ Assessment:
1. Each instructor will assess both groups’ briefs using the RUBRIC.
2. Cadets not presenting are responsible to turn in after the brief, a list of at least one
positive, and negative aspect of the material covered. In addition, call upon at least two
cadets that are not briefing, to provide a meaningful question for the presenting group.
Although these activities are not graded events, instructors are encouraged to weigh the
quality of their analysis through the use of instructor points.
III. DAY 2 ASSIGNMENT:
Concept: All groups will start to develop the Special Populations portion of their PT SOP, to be further
developed during a working session on Day 3. All groups will answer the attached questions on Special
Populations and submit them by group on Day 3.
A. Physical Training SOP Assignment: Prepare the Special Populations portions of the PT SOP.
1. Administrative requirements
a. MS Word format, size 12 font
b. No specific number of pages required
c. See SOP RUBRICs for detailed grading criteria
2. Develop a program for our soldiers whom:
a. Enrolled in the AWCP
b. Failed a record APFT
c. Have a medical profile
d. Are new to the unit
e. Fail to meet Commanders Fitness Standards
3. Ensure the SOP addresses the following questions for each category listed above:
1) Who is included in each category, i.e. what criteria or conditions would result
in a soldier being placed in each category?
2) Who is responsible for developing the program, and who approves the program
for each category?
3) Who is responsible for executing/supervising the program for each category?
1) What types of activities will be stressed in each category?
2) What special considerations and/or medical resources should be used to assist
in program design?
c. WHEN: When and how often does each special category meet for physical training?
d. WHY: Describe the overall goals and objective for soldiers in each special category.
e. HOW: How does a soldier successfully graduate or earn removal from each special
category, if applicable? Describe the conditions or standards that must be achieved.
B. Special Populations Questions: Utilizing FM 21-21, AR 600-9, AR 350-41 Chapter 9, AR 40-501
Chapter 7, answer the following questions (Answer each question and provide the regulation and page
1. A soldier has a 4-month profile prohibiting them from taking the PU, SU, or the 2MR portions of the
APFT, however they can do the 2.5-mile walk; can they do this event only as a valid APFT?
2. Another soldier has a profile against the run, walk, bike or swim but can do PU and SU; can they take
these two events for a valid APFT?
3. When is it appropriate to take an alternate test for the APFT?
4. Active duty soldiers that fail the APFT must re-take the APFT within how many days?
5. How much time does a commander need to allow a soldier to train for an alternate APFT event?
6. How do you score an alternate event APFT, or a modified APFT?
7. How long can a soldier be on an extended temporary profile?
8. What is the PULHES and number code for a pregnant soldier? And what is the profile recovery time
9. How often must soldiers be weighed on active duty? What is the weigh-in usually in conjunction
10. What is the DOD-wide goal for % body fat for males and females?
11. What action is required for soldiers who do not meet the screening table weight but do meet body fat
12. What is considered to be satisfactory progress for a soldier enrolled in the AWCP program?